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SI Prefixes

You must know the following SI Prefixes, symbols and scientific notations by QUIZ 1, AS WELL. You can
memorize this information in a table or number line format. This information will appear on Quiz #2.

Table Format:
Base Units: g = gram, m = meter, L = liter
Prefixes greater than the Base Symbol Scientific Notation
Unit
tera T 1012
giga G 109
mega M 106
kilo k 103
hecto h 102
deka da 101
Prefixes less than the Base Unit Symbol Scientific Notation
deci d 10-1
centi c 10-2
milli m 10-3
micro µ 10-6
nano n 10-9
pico p 10-12
femto f 10-15

Elements

KNOW NAMES AND SYMBOLS OF THE FOLLOWING BY QUIZ 2.

It is highly recommended that students make flash cards using this information and begin studying IMMEDIATELY
after the first day of class. The SI Prefix and Elements will be required for Quiz 1.

1A 2A 3A 4A 5A 6A 7A 8A

H He

Li Be B C N O F Ne

Na Mg 3B 4B 5B 6B 7B 8B 8B 8B 1B 2B Al Si P S Cl Ar

K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr

Rb Sr Ag Cd Sn Sb Te I Xe

Cs Ba Au Hg Pb Rn

Fr Ra

Ions
Know all ions (monatomic and polyatomic ions) as noted on the following page by TEST #1. Again it is suggested
that flash cards be developed for this purpose. Nomenclature is extremely important and you will fail this course if
you do not know chemical ions.
Classical Cation Nomenclature:
Cuprous= Cu+ Stannous = Sn2+ Plumbous= Pb2+ Ferrous=Fe2+ Cobaltous=Co2+
Cupric = Cu2+ Stannic= Sn4+ Plumbic=Pb4+ Ferric=Fe3+ Cobaltic=Co3+
Non-metal Anions
Non-metals will form anions with only one possible negative charge. The following Periodic Table shows the charges for non-
metal anions commonly found in ionic compounds:
1A 2A 3A 4A 5A 6A 7A 8A

H-1

B C-4 N-3 O-2 F-1

Si P-3 S-2 Cl-1

As Se-2 Br-1

Te I-1

At

Metal Cations
Most (but not all) main group metals will form cations with only one possible charge. Most (but not all) transition metals will form
cations with more than one possible charge. The following Periodic Table shows the charges for metal cations commonly found in
ionic compounds:
1A 2A Transition Elements (B) 3A 4A 5A

H+1

Li+1 Be+2

Na+1 Mg+2 Al+3

K+1 Ca+2 Ti+2, Cr+2 Mn+2 Fe+2 Co+2 Ni+2 Cu+1 Zn+2 Ga+3 Ge
Ti+4 Cr+3 Mn+4 Fe+3 Co+3 Ni+3 Cu+2
Rb+1 Sr+2 Ag+1 Cd+2 In+1 Sn+2 Sb
In+3 Sn+4
Cs+1 Ba+2 Au+1 Hg2+2 Tl+1 Pb+2 Bi+3
Au+3 Hg+2 Tl+3 Pb+4 Bi+5

Polyatomic Ions
Polyatomic ions are formed from molecules (groups of atoms bonded together) that have gained or lost electrons.

OH-1 Hydroxide O2-2 Peroxide


-1 -2
CN Cyanide CO3 Carbonate
-1 -2
SCN Thiocyanate SO3 Sulfite
-1 -2
HCO3 Hydrogen Carbonate (Bicarbonate) SO4 Sulfate
-1 -2
HSO3 Hydrogen Sulfite (Bisulfite) S2O3 Thiosulfate
-1 -2
HSO4 Hydrogen Sulfate (Bisulfate) C2O4 Oxalate

C2H3O2-1 Acetate CrO4-2 Chromate

NO2-1 Nitrite Cr2O7-2 Dichromate

NO3-1 Nitrate

MnO4-1 Permanganate PO3-3 Phosphite


-1 -3
ClO Hypochlorite PO4 Phosphate
-1
ClO2 Chlorite
-1
ClO3 Chlorate NH4+1 Ammonium
-1 +2
ClO4 Perchlorate Hg2 Mercury (I)