[Project

CAE Packages Survey]

01:

[7 September]

[2010]
[Product Design in a CAD Environment]

Contents
1 2 3 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 3 Problem definition / Problem statement.............................................................................................. 3 Result .................................................................................................................................................... 4 3.1 Assignment Part 1 – CAE Packages Survey ................................................................................... 4 Pro/ENGINEER[1] .................................................................................................................... 4 CATIA[4] .................................................................................................................................. 6 Solid Works (SW)[7] .............................................................................................................. 11 Unigraphics NX7[10] .............................................................................................................. 13 Abaqus FEA (formerly ABAQUS) [11] .................................................................................... 14 ANSYS[12] .............................................................................................................................. 15

3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3 3.1.4 3.1.5 3.1.6 3.2 4 5 6

Part B - Create a Google Sites as your MAE477/577 Web Design Portfolio ............................... 16

Discussion............................................................................................................................................ 16 Conclusion ........................................................................................................................................... 17 References (Websites) ........................................................................................................................ 19

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1 Introduction
This Project deals with the survey of the various CAE packages available in the Laboratory – Furnas 1019. Our company deals with the Electromechanical systems that works on the areas like product development using CAD, FEA, Functional Simulation of Machines and Mechanism, Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow. We will discuss about the various CAE packages available in the market which matches the requirements of our company. First we will introduce each of the packages and their specialty in their field. Since our company is an engineering company that involves in the design of all kind of electromechanical systems we require a package with broader arena where a package serves as a multi module comparing with the cost of the package. There are many CAE packages available in the market, we will focus our report to the some popular packages only to those packages that are pioneer in our field of interest and installed in the laboratory. The following packages are studied : 1. CATIA 2. Pro/ENGINEER 3. NX 4. SolidWorks 5. ANSYS 6. Abaqus

2 Problem definition / Problem statement
Part 1 of the assignment involves survey of the CAE packages available in the laboratory – Furnas 1019. The assignment should enable us to judge which package is required as to execute our projects efficiently and meets the requirement for our company. This assignment also asks to recommend the package group of CAE package to use in the company for next 5 years. Part 2 asks to develop a web-site using google sites tool.

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3

Result

In Part 1 of the assignment I have studied all the features of the package and their usefulness in our company’s profile. All the packages are studied using their respective web-pages. For part 2 Web Design Portfolio has been generated using Google sites.

3.1 Assignment Part 1 – CAE Packages Survey
In this section we will discuss the various modules and features available in CAE packages under concern.

3.1.1

Pro/ENGINEER[1]

Pro/ENGINEER[2](Table extracted from Wikipedia.com)

Pro/ENGINEER, PTC's parametric, integrated 3D CAD/CAM/CAE solution, is used by discrete manufacturers for mechanical engineering, design and manufacturing. Created by Dr. Samuel P. Geisberg in the mid-1980s [1], this is one of the most powerful CAD/CAM/CAE packages available in the market. It was developed by Parametric Technology Corporation (PTC).This was one of the first CAE package which revolutionized the industry by the parametric or variational feature-based, associative solid modeling. This package works Windows and SUN Solaris Operating system platform[1]. It has inbuilt capabilities of design optimization techniques which helps the engineers in the preliminary product design

Developer(s)

PTC

Initial release

1987

Stable release

Pro/ENGINEER Wildfire 5.0 / September 16, 2009; 10 months ago[1]

Operating system Windows, Unix

Type

CAD software

License

Proprietary

Website

ptc.com/products/proengineer

hence reduces the overall design cycle of the product. One can also integrate Finite Element Solvers like Ansys and Nastran with Pro/ENGINEER Mechanica Wildfire 5.0 for use in FEM mode[1]. By providing a scalable platform and incorporating features like tolerance analysis and simulation, Pro/ENGINEER can drastically enhance the manufacturing capabilities. These features are really useful in CNC and Tooling Design & manufacturing sectors [2] .

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Pro/ENGINEER Mechanica(advanced) helps in examining a product loadings under loadings like thermal and structural hence completes the mechanical design software analysis. At the same time Pro/ENGINEER Tolerance Analysis Extension (TAX) which is reinforced by CETOL Technology which can be used to study the affect of tolerance accumulation after assembly and hence evaluate dimensional impact on the product beforehand. This feature can be a boon for the reverse-engineering area. These capabilities really shorten the product development stage. Pro/ENGINEER Mechanism Dynamics Option (MDO) gives us the flexibility to analyze the motion and behavior of the system in dynamic conditions. This module of Pro/Engineer reduces the cost of manufacturing a prototype. The simulated system can be analyzed through intuitive graphs. The BMX (Behavioral Modeling Extension ) tool helps to understand the influence of various parameters in the design and helps to optimize the system by evaluating the impact of changes on these metrics. Pro/ENGINEER Manikin Analysis Extension helps in studying the ergonomics of the human interaction with machines and helps in designing the workplace by considering the human factors and their movements. It helps to study the macro and micro level motion study which helps to reduce the unnecessary steps by optimizing the operations hence generating an efficient and safe workplace for mankind. Another module is the Pro/ENGINEER Fatigue Advisor. This helps to analyze the system under fatigue and helps in deciding the warranty costs and field failure and life of a product. Pro/E has complex tools and is generally recommended when an assembly has very high number of parts.

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3.1.2

CATIA[4]

CATIA[3](Table extracted from Wikipedia.com)

CATIA (Computer Aided Three-dimensional Interactive Application) is also an high end CAD/CAM/CAE commercial software equally competent with Pro/E which is developed by the French company Dassault Systemes. It is marketed worldwide by IBM[3] . CATIA is developed using the platform of the C++ programming language, which now is one of the key package of the Dassault Systemes PLM software suite. It is widely used by the Aerospace and Automobile enterprises. CATIA offers through a multidisciplinary approach a full spectrum of design capabilities and enables efficient collaboration through the design community to encourage innovation across the extended enterprise [4].

Developer(s)

Dassault Systemes

Initial release

1987

Stable release

V6R2011

Operating system Windows, Unix

Type

CAD software

License

Proprietary

Website

http://www.3ds.com/products/catia/

The Latest CATIA version is V6R2011.This package combines the dynamics behavior of the structure and will be used with PLM 2.0 platform. With the combination of V6 with PLM, CATIA becomes one of best tool in project management since it enables brainstorming in 3D outside the engineering department. It has a very large number of specific modules to the desired system to be analyzed. The following CATIA feature has been taken from CATIA website- http://www.3ds.com/products/catia/

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3.1.2.1 CATIA Systems uses the PLM structure for uniquely capturing and managing the product lifecycle. This also helps in tracing the life cycle of the product ensuring its accuracy during the manufacturing of the product. It also helps for better quality control in terms of design and execution. MODELICA language enables designer to create new libraries and to re-use his components in later designs. CATIA Systems C Code Generator helps the user to create a C based logic to have customized output from CPU[4].The following products are available in CATIA System : 3.1.2.1.1 Dynamic behavior a. Systems Dynamic Behavior : This approach gathers views from Requirements (R), functional (F), Logical (L) and Physical Design(P) hence calling the system design as RFLP 3.1.2.1.2 System engineering a. CATIA Systems Architecture Design b. System control and logic Modeling c. System logic code generator 3.1.2.1.3 System Libraries a. Dynamic system libraries 3.1.2.2 CATIA Shape provides industrial designers with strong tool to innovate shape and helps in streamlining the contours as per needs. It loads engineers with a full suite of surfacing, reverse engineering, and modifying and validate any complex innovative shapes . Even the composite structure modeling and analysis is possible in this environment. Available Products available in this module are : 3.1.2.2.1 Aesthetical Shape: Under this feature we have distillers which provide optimized shape and enables us to optimize the product by using virtual reality , rendering and simulation. 3.1.2.2.2 Conceptual Shape a. Imagine and Shape b. Industrial Design
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c. Rendering 3.1.2.2.3 Mechanical surfaces a. Body in White Modeling b. Generative Shape Optimizer c. Mechanical Surface Design d. Realistic Shape Optimizer e. Reverse Engineering

3.1.2.3 CATIA Mechanical enable the engineer to model any 3D parts and assembly varying from the simplest to the most advanced. PLM integration helps in making the design process more flawless and efficient. The available products under this module are:

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3.1.2.3.1 3D Master a. 3D Tolerancing and Annotation b. Drafting and Annotation 3.1.2.3.2 Composite a. Composites Engineering b. Composites Manufacturing Preparation 3.1.2.3.3 Fastener & Tooling a. Body in White Fastening b. Jigs and Tooling Design 3.1.2.3.4 Mechanic a. 3D Design b. Aerospace Sheetmetal Pack c. Cast and Forged Part design d. Fabricated Part Design e. Mechanical Design f. Mechanism Simulation g. Plastic Part Design h. Systems Conceptual Mechanical Design 3.1.2.3.5 Structure a. Structure Functional Design

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3.1.2.4 CATIA Equipment provides an combines the electronic, electrical and fluid systems. Rules and standards are followed automatically during the design process to maintain compliance to the code with product specification. Again integration of this module with PLM provides full traceability and configuration management providing quality assurance and other documentation for manufacturing. Such an integrated environment improves design quality, drastically reduces time needed for modifications, and minimizes errors. The available products in this environment are: 3.1.2.4.1 Electrical Systems a. 3D Wire Harness Design b. Electro-Mechanical Circuit Board c. Systems Logical Electrical Design d. Wire Harness Documentation and Formboard 3.1.2.4.2 Fluidic Systems a. Generative Piping & Tubing b. Piping and Tubing Design 3.1.2.4.3 Preliminary Layout a. Systems Logical 3D Architecture

Knowledge, advance FEM and structural analysis features in CATIA completes it as a single and complete CAE package. The 3D Reuse , Prototyping , knowledge advisor and expert, Optimizer makes it a more versatile tool for the use in large organizations.

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3.1.3

Solid Works (SW)[7]

Solid works is a 3D package extensively used in the medium and small scale industries. It is generally popular for modeling but now as its newer versions are launching, large number of analysis modules are being added to it. Animation and lifelike image is one of the best feature. Defeature tool help in communication with the client or others in which one can hide their proprietary detail.

SolidWorks(Table extracted from Wikipedia.com)

Developer(s)

Dassault Corp.

Systèmes

SolidWorks

Stable release

SolidWorks 2011[7]

Operating system Microsoft Windows

Type

3D computer graphics

Enhanced beam analysis tool helps in Proprietary License analysis of parts rather than whole assembly to simulate real world www.SolidWorks.com conditions. Other good feature is the Website HVAC and cooling module in which one can simulate the air and heat transfer without leaving the SW environment. SW automatically assign weld number to the weldments hence reduces chances of forgetting to assign weld reference number in a welded structure. This helps in easy management and in estimation of welding consumables quantity. 3DVIA Composer™ Interactive Storyboarding helps to reduce communication time and train the employee by providing previous and next step of design on the same screen. Its PDM integration helps to manage the parts and helps in efficient procurement and quality assurance. Through PDM, all other departments like marketing , welding, estimation, fabrication, Quality Assurance get to know the product requirement and hence helps in reducing the product manufacturing cycle.

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A recent quotation (for a single user) as on 7th Sept 2010 which I have is obtained through e-mail shows the various costs of SolidWorks tools Design 1 SolidWorks Premium 1 SolidWorks Professional 1 SolidWorks Standard Design Validation 1 SolidWorks Simulation Premium 1 SolidWorks Simulation Professional 1 SolidWorks Flow Simulation Data Management 1 SolidWorks Enterprise PDM CAD Editor 1 SolidWorks Enterprise PDM Contributor 1 SolidWorks Enterprise PDM Viewer Publishing 1 3DVIA Composer Sustainable Design 1 SolidWorks Sustainability Total Price (USD$) License $7995 $5490 $3995 $10995 $6995 $13995 $1795 $1295 $2995 $6800 $2995 $65345 Subscription $1995 $1495 $1295 $3575 $2275 $3919 $495 $395 $995 $1700 $995 $19134

SW also uses the parametric modeling feature hence competes with the Pro/E , Solid Edge and Inventor. Still Pro/E is preferred if the assembly is too large. SW also have the feature of Re-use and tolerance stack-up analysis like Pro/E. CATIA is also the product of same company as solid works. One major difference is that it works on PDM platform whereas CATIA is far ahead and works on PLM platform. At the same time, Pro/E uses Windchill as an ERP(PLM) for data management. SW differs from CATIA with the sophistication of work involved like non-linear finite element analysis, acoustic simulation, noise and vibration analysis, fatigue and unsteady heat transfer analysis. In comparison to high end softwares like CATIA or Pro/E, Solid Works has fewer functions and makes them easy to use.

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3.1.4

Unigraphics NX7[10]

This is also one of the thriving CAE package under the shadow of PLM. It also concentrates in the field of Aerospace and Electromechanical systems. Product capabilities (taken from NX website given in references )include: 1. 2. 3. 4.

NX (Unigraphics) (Table extracted from Wikipedia.com)

Developer(s)

Siemens PLM Software

Initial release

1973

Stable release

NX 7.5 / May 20, 2010; 3 months

ago Industrial design & styling Package Design Mechanical Design Development status active Electromechanical Systems Design 5. Mechanical Simulation Windows XP or Operating system 6. Electromechanical Simulation (x86/x64), Unix-like 7. Tooling & Fixture Design 8. Machining multi-language 9. Engineering Process Available in Management 10. Inspection Programming CAD/CAM/CAE/PLM Type With more or less similar modules like Pro/E and CATIA, this package is proprietary gaining the market day by day. The License consumers of the CAE package was owned by Siemens i.e.,I-DEAS Website (Integrated Design and Engineering Analysis Software) is now migrated in the NX so as to integrate with PLM tool.

later

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3.1.5

Abaqus FEA (formerly ABAQUS) [11]

SIMULIA Abaqus FEA(Table extracted from Wikipedia.com)

It is also one of the high end tool used for computer aided engineering. It is used extensively in the aerospace , automobile and industrial products industries. It has wonderful capabilities of performing nonlinear analysis. It also provides multiphysics abilities where multiple fields can be jointly studied under a same roof. Abaqus FEA uses latest high-performance parallel computing environments, which enables us to include details in our models which previously excluded due to limitations in the computing. This allows us to minimize assumptions hence providing more accurate solutions and at the same time it reduces the turnaround time for results. In Abacus we can import the models from CATIA V5, SolidWorks, and Pro/ENGINEER enable us to conduct FEA more fast and more accurately. It is definitely one of the best FEA packages with high end computing.

Original author(s)

Dassault Systemes ABAQUS Inc.,[11]

Developer(s)

Stable release

6.10 / May 24, 2010; 3 months ago[11]

Development status Actively developed

Operating system

Microsoft Linux AIX HP-UX

Windows

Platform

Intel Intel Intel IBM POWER

x86-32 x86-64
[3]

bit Itanium bit

Type

Computer-aided engineering, Finite Analysis Element

License

Proprietary commercial software

Website

www.simulia.com

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3.1.6

ANSYS[12]

ANSYS, Inc.(Table extracted from Wikipedia.com)

It is also one of the most advanced simulation software developed to provide solution in the area of product development through finite element analysis. This FEA package is one of the oldest FEA packages capturing almost all engineering sectors. The latest workbench is ANSYS 12. It has the following features adhered (taken from www.ansys.com) : a. ANSYS Workbench b. Geometry and Meshing

Type

Public (NASDAQ: ANSS)

Industry

Computer software

Founded

Canonsburg, Pennsylvania(1970)

Headquarters

Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, USA

Key people

Peter J. Smith, Chairman James E. Cashman, III, President & CEO

c. Multiphysics d. Structural Mechanics e. High-Performance Computing f. Fluid Dynamics g. Simulation Process Management h. Explicit Dynamics
Employees Products

ANSYS Multiphysics ANSYS CFX ANSYS FLUENT

&

Data

ANSYS Workbench HFSS (See complete listing.)

~1,600 (2010)

Website

www.ansys.com

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3.2 Part B - Create a Google Sites as your MAE477/577 Web Design Portfolio
The link to the website is--- https://sites.google.com/site/mandeepsinghcaddesign/

4 Discussion
Further to our study future analysis on the usage of the CAE packages ,we can also incorporate the reviews of the customer , blogs and discussion forums. Before deciding the efficiency of usage of any CAE package it can be helpful if one reads the experiences of the users that are found in the various customers reviews,blogs and discussion forums. I think it can also be an good way to judge the efficiency of any CAE package since the people comments comes from their hands on experiences. Listed below are the Jobs result( from the website www.monster.com) as on date 7th September 2010

a. ANSYS : 151 openings b. Pro/E : >1000 openings c. CATIA: >1000 openings d. SolidWorks: 851 openings e. Abaqus: 2 openings f. NX: 38 openings

We can see that the jobs required in CATIA and Pro/E are comparatively very high than other CAE tools. One more fact I have noticed is on the Facebook , the number of people joined the community are listed below (just for information): 16 | P a g e

a. Pro/E : 550 members b. CATIA: 1091 members c. SolidWorks: 2430 members d. Abaqus: 123 members e. NX: 16 members f. Ansys: 441 members

5 Conclusion
Our study concludes that CATIA , PRO/E and NX are high end tools which are focused in CAE in terms of electromechanical field. These CAE packages can model, mechanize and simulate the product in a single environment. SolidWorks focuses more on the modeling part and is a medium level of CAE packages. There are many varieties of CAE software in the market. From the above study we can conclude that each CAE package has its own area of focus. For example, CATIA application are inclined more towards aero and auto mobile industries whereas Solid works concentrate on the modeling and assembly part hence more inclined towards welded structures. Abacus and ANSYS are more inclined towards finite element analysis and are used for high computing areas. Hence the User interface for solid modeling for ANSYS or ABAQUS is not better than other CAE packages discussed. At the same time none of the ERP packages like Pro/E or CATIA are competitive with the ANSYS or ABACUS in terms of Analysis.
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CATIA Pro/E Product Design with CAD for complex large Assembly Finite Element Analysis Functional Simulation of Machines and Mechanism Heat Transfer Fluid flow Total Rating 5 3 5 3 3 19 1 2 3 4 5 5 3 5 3 3 19 Poor average good better Best

NX SolidWorks ANSYS ABAQUS 5 3 5 3 3 19 4 1 4 3 3 15 1 5 1 5 5 17 1 5 1 5 5 17

Above rating is my opinion on how I feel to rate the software package after going through the literature on these packages. It shows the relative feature comparison with respect to the features required by our job. These kinds of table needs to be developed using more number of people for survey. For the 5 year usage, I will prefer CATIA over any other package since it has many feature that provide complete manufacturing solutions in a single environment. Also there is considerable demand of this package in the market. For the FEA specifically the packages like ANSYS or ABAQUS are used and I will prefer both of them for FEA since both are high end solver for FEA where a complex geometry can be analyzed.

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6 References (Websites)
1. Pro/E website - http://www.ptc.com/products/proengineer/ 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Wikipedia Explanation to Pro/E - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pro_E Wikipedia Explanation to Catia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catia Catia product features - http://www.3ds.com/products/catia/portfolio/catia-v6 CATIA V6R2011 - FACT SHEET (http://www.3ds.com/products/catia/portfolio/catia-v6) Solid Works – http://www.solidworks.com Solid Works launch of new versionhttp://www.solidworkslaunch.com/ Whitepaper from Solid-Works http://www.cv3ds.com/products/solidworks-white-papers.html Wikipedia link to NX http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NX_(Unigraphics)

10 NX website http://www.plm.automation.siemens.com/en_us/products/nx/index.shtml 11 Abaqus website http://www.simulia.com/products/abaqus_fea.html 12 Ansys Website www.ansys.com .

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