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REVISION ON MATRICES

 2p 3
 
 − 4 p p 
1. If A = and det A = 14, find the possible values of p. (Total 4 marks)

a 2 
 
2 − 1
2. Let M =  , where a ∈ .

2
Find M in terms of a.

 5 − 4
 
− 4 5 
If M is equal to 
2 –l
, find the value of a. Using this value of a, find M and hence solve the system
of equations:

–x + 2y = –3
2x – y = 3 (Total 12 marks)
 5 2 11 2
 2 0 44 8 
3. A and B are 2 × 2 matrices, where A =   and BA =   . Find B. (Total 4 marks)

 3 1 4 8  a b
 ,  ,  ,
 – 5 6   0 – 3 X =  c d  where a, b, c, d ∈
4. The matrices A, B, X are given by A = B= .

Given that AX + X = Β, find the exact values of a, b, c and d. Total 8 marks)

 5 – 2
 
 7 1 
5. Consider the matrix A = .

–l
(a) Write down the inverse, A .

(b) B, C and X are also 2 × 2 matrices.


–1
(i) Given that XA + B = C, express X in terms of A , B and C.

6 7   – 5 0
   ,
 5 – 2  – 8 7 
(ii) Given that B = , and C = find X. (Total 6 marks)
 a b  1 0
   
c 0 d e 
6. Let A =  and B =  . Giving your answers in terms of a, b, c, d and e,

(a) write down A + B; (b) find AB. (Total 6 marks)


1 − 3 1 
 
 2 2 − 1
1 − 5 3 
7. (a) Write down the inverse of the matrix A =  

(b) Hence solve the simultaneous equations

x – 3y + z = 1

1
2x + 2y – z = 2

x – 5y + 3z = 3 (Total 6 marks)

 − 2 4  5 2
   
1 7   − 1 a  . The 2 × 2 matrix Q is such that 3Q = 2C – D
8. Let C =  and D =

Find Q.

(b) Find CD.


–1
(c) Find D . (Total 9 marks)

Topic 4 – Matrices
Aims
4.1 Definition of a matrix: the terms “element”, “row”, “column” and “order”.
Use of matrices to store data.
Exclusion: Use of matrices to represent transformations.
4.2 Algebra of matrices: equality; addition; subtraction; multiplication by a scalar.
Matrix operations to handle or process information.
Multiplication of matrices.
Identity and zero matrices.
4.3 Determinant of a square matrix.
Elementary treatment only.
Calculation of 2 × 2 and 3 × 3 determinants.
Exclusion: Cofactors and minors.
Inverse of a 2 × 2 matrix.
Conditions for the existence of the inverse of a matrix.
Obtaining the inverse of a 3 × 3 matrix using a GDC.
Exclusion: Other methods for finding the inverse of a 3 × 3 matrix.
4.4 Solution of systems of linear equations using inverse matrices (a maximum
of three equations in three unknowns).
Only systems with a unique solution need be considered.