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Chronology of Edward de Vere adapted largely from Mark Anderson, SHAKESPEARE BY ANOTHER NAME; some additions, and any mistakes, are mine. Chronology of William Shakespeare adapted from Samuel Schoenbaum, http://home.hiwaay.net/~paul/shakspere/evidence1.html, and Michael Wood's In Search of Shakespeare Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, EdV's uncle and Thomas and Henry Howard's father, executed for treason
Edward de Vere born. His father is fond of the hunt and has a troupe of players
EdV tutored by Sir Thomas Smith
EdV enrolled at Queen's College Cambridge (through March 1559)
Queen Elizabeth visits Castle Hedingham
EdV contracted to marry into the Hastings family, but the marriage falls through
John de Vere, EdV's father, dies. EdV becomes the first ward of Sir William Cecil and moves to London. EdV's mother rapidly remarries to a man of a far lower status than her first husband
The "Cecil's Fast" bill, made fun of in Hamlet
Translation of Ovid's Metamorphoses by Arthur Golding, Oxford's mother's half-brother
EdV tutored by Anglo-Saxon scholar Laurence Nowell, who is then studying and translating the unique Beowulf manuscript (the Nowell Codex)
WS born at Stratford; baptized 26 April
EdV receives bachelor's degree from Cambridge
EdV receives MA from Oxford
EdV enrolls at Gray's Inn, London, reading for the law
EdV kills undercook at Cecil House, "se defendendo"
Dec 1567, Dec 1568
EdV is Master of the Revels at Gray's Inn CHECK THIS
EdV has a long illness in an inn in Windsor
Pope Pius V proclaims Elizabeth and her reign illegitimate and declares a holy war on her
EdV joins Earl of Sussex in military campaign on the Scottish border to suppress rebellion of Northern Earls
EdV sits in his first Parliament in the House of Lords
early 1571 (??)
With Queen Elizabeth's support, Sir William Cecil attempts to marry his daughter Anne to EdV, who does not want the marriage
Sir William Cecil becomes Baron Burghley, preventing an accusation of disparagement against a projected marriage between his daughter Anne and EdV
EdV's cousin and mentor, Thomas Howard, duke of Norfolk, imprisoned for attempting to marry Mary Queen of Scots, Elizabeth's Catholic rival for the throne
EdV wins first jousting tournament, becomes one of Elizabeth's favorites
late fall 1571
According to later reports, in this period EdV attempts to rescue Thomas Howard, duke of Norfolk, and send him to Spain
EdV is married to daughter of William Cecil, Baron Burghley
EdV publishes Latin preface to Latin edition of Cardanus Comfort
Thomas Howard, duke of Norfolk, beheaded for treason
EdV rumored to be Queen Elizabeth's lover
EdV's men assault Cecil's servants at Gad's Hill on road to Rochester
EdV runs away to Holland; Thomas Bedingfield brings him back
EdV begins Continental grand tour; attends coronation of King of France
May 1575-Mar 1576
EdV goes through France and Italy, lives in Venice. During this period he apparently secretly becomes a Catholic
EdV hurts his knee on a Venetian galley, taking a voyage that would include the newly annexed seacoast of Bohemia (which belonged to that country from 1575-1609). Ragusa (modern-day Dubrovnik) was the usual watering-place for Venetian galleys
Elizabeth de Vere born in England. The birth date is mysterious because children were usually baptized shortly after birth; Elizabeth de Vere is baptized in September.
Elizabeth de Vere baptized
EdV, preparing to return home, hears news in Paris, possibly from Rowland Yorke, that Anne Cecil has been unfaithful to him
ca 20 Apr 1576
On the way back to England, EdV attacked by pirates in the English Channel; his luggage is stolen
ca 23 Apr 1576
Believing that Anne has been unfaithful to him, EdV refuses to live with his wife. This situation will continue for six years
Masque, A Historie of Error, performed at Court, the first of several plays and masques with names similar to later Shakespeare plays
Death of Don John of Austria
Play, Portia and Demorantes, performed at Court; supposed to show "the greediness of worldly choosers and the bloody minds of usurers"
Lyly's Euphues, or the Anatomy of Wit, published; Lyly is working as EdV's secretary
EdV quarrels with Sir Philip Sidney ("tennis court quarrel")
sometime in 1579
Anthony Munday becomes EdV's secretary
EdV buys Fisher's Folly, which is across the street from Bedlam Hospital
Lyly's Euphues and his England published, dedicated to EdV
EdV begins love affair with Anne Vavasour, cousin of Charles Arundel
First of the clandestine Jesuit priests arrive in England
The Paine of Pleasure published
WS perhaps at Hoghton, where Edmund Campion was writing his pamphlet Decem Rationes (Ten Reasons to be a Catholic)
until late 1580
EdV is involved in a Catholic conspiracy with Norfolk's brother Henry Howard, Anne Vavasour's cousin Charles Arundel, and Francis Southwell
The Catholics apparently begin to talk treason; EdV betrays the conspiracy
Dec 1580-Jan 1581
Arundel Libels (by Charles Arundel) accuse EdV of murder, atheism, pederasty, homosexuality, habitual drunkenness, bestiality, necromancy, and treachery (SBAN 167)
EdV fights Philip Howard, Norfolk's son and Henry Howard's nephew, in the "Knight of the Tree of the Sun" tournament. The speeches before address the issue of loyalty to Elizabeth; Oxford writes and delivers his own speech
Anne Vavasour gives birth to EdV's illegitimate son; Elizabeth puts both her and EdV in the Tower
Thomas Watson's Hekatompathia, a book of sonnets, dedicated to EdV; an anonymous contributor gives a remarkable critical introduction to each sonnet. SBAN and other scholarship believe EdV to be the author of these introductions
EdV and Vavasour's uncle, Thomas Knyvet, duel; EdV is seriously wounded and lamed; EdV's and Knyvet's households engage in repeated quarrels
early- to mid-1582
EdV goes back to living with Anne Cecil; there is a rumor that she played the "bed trick" on him and got herself pregnant to make it happen
Marriage license issued to WS and "Anna Whately"
Marries Anne Hathaway; he is 18, she is 26
Performance of A History of Ariodante and Genevora by the Merchant Taylors' Boys
EdV leases Blackfriars Theatre in London; is readmitted to court; travels to Oxford with court
EdV's legitimate son by Anne Cecil is born and dies
Susanna, Shakespeare's first daughter, baptized
Anthony Munday sketches out the plot of the history plays in A Watch-Woorde to England
Bridget de Vere born, daughter of EdV and Anne Cecil
First moment at which WS of Stratford could have made his principal residence elsewhere
Assassination of William the Black Prince of Orange, Dutch Protestant leader
Cecil reports that EdV and his daughter are destitute
History of Agamemnon and Ulysses performed at Court by the Earl of Oxford's Men
Hamnet and Judith Shakespeare, twin children, baptized
EdV goes to Lowlands to join English army
EdV recalled to England
Elizabeth gives EdV a yearly grant of a thousand pounds, which will be continued until his death
EdV participates in the trial of Mary Queen of Scots
Mary Queen of Scots executed
Susan de Vere, EdV's youngest daughter, born
Traditionally the period at which WS of Stratford came to London
EdV participates in battle against Spanish Armada
Anne Cecil dies at her father's house
EdV sells Fisher's Folly
George Puttenham's Arte of English Poesie lists EdV as court author whose works would be widely lauded if his "doings could be found out and made public with the rest"
Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton, comes to court; Cecil promotes marriage between Southampton and his granddaughter Elizabeth de Vere, EdV's daughter
EdV makes over Castle Hedingham in trust for his three daughters, apparently as part of a general attempt on Cecil's part to gain the remnants of the Oxford fortune for his granddaughters
late 1591-early 1592
EdV marries Elizabeth Trentham of Rochester
Speaking of a debauch with Robert Greene, Nashe refers to a "Will Monox" (EdV?). SBAN 256
In Greene's Groatsworth of Wit, the author (Henry Chettle?) notices Shakespeare, "an upstart crow beautified with our feathers...the only Shake-scene in the country," and parodies Henry VI, part III
A "Willielmus Shackspere," in London, loans John Clayton £7. Not clear that this is WS of Stratford; Shakespeare is not an uncommon name
Nashe's pamphlet Strange News dedicated to EdV as "gentle Mr William" and refers to a "Will Monox" (EdV?) who participated in a debauch with Robert Greene (SBAN 258-260)
EdV's son and heir, Henry de Vere, born
Death of Christopher Marlowe
Publication of Venus and Adonis, first appearance of the author named William Shakespeare
Publication of The Rape of Lucrece (attributed to William Shakespeare) and of Titus Andronicus and the three Henry VI history plays (appeared anonymously).
Becomes part-owner of L Chamberlain's Men? (see 15 Engagement broken between Elizabeth de Vere and Mar 1595) earl of Southampton
Elizabeth de Vere marries William Stanley, earl of Derby
An entry in the accounts of the Treasurer of the Chamber reads: "To William Kempe, William Shakespeare and Richard Burbage, servaunts to the Lord Chamberleyne, upon the Councille's warrant dated at Whitehall XVth Marcij 1594[/5], for two severall comedies or enterludes shewed by them before her majestie in Christmas tyme laste part viz St. Stephen's daye and Innocents daye..."
Moves to the parish of St. Helen, Bishopsgate.
Burial of WS's only son Hamnet, who dies at 11 of the plague
First of two rough drafts of a Coat of Arms grant to Shakspere (College of Arms, MS. Vincent. 157, art. 23; art. 24)
William Wayte "swore before the Judge of Queen's Bench that he stood in danger of death, or bodily hurt," from "William Shakspere" and three others. Dated "18th of St. Martin" 1596
1596 or 1597
EdV, his wife, and his son purchase and move to King's Place, Hackney
Purchases New Place, Stratford
Named in the King's Remembrancer Subsidy Roll as a tax defaulter in Bishopgate ward who failed to pay an assessed 5s
Buys stone in Stratford: Wyllyn Wyatt Chamberlin "Pd to Mr. Shakespere for one load of stone xd"
Abraham Sturley of Stratford writes his brother-in-law that "our countriman mr Shaksper is willing to disburse some monei upon some od yardeland or other Shottrei or neare about us..."
Named as having illegally held 10 quarters (80 bushels) of malt or corn during a shortage in Stratford
Death of William Cecil, Baron Burghley
EdV and Shakespeare listed as playwrights in Francis Mere's Palladis Tamia
In the King's Remembrancer Subsidy Roll, listed as a tax defaulter who failed to pay an assessed 13s.4d
Richard Quiney of Stratford writes an undelivered letter asking Shakspere for a £30 loan. It is written "To my Loveinge good ffrend & contreymann mr wm Shackespre" who "shall ffrende me muche in helpeing me out of all the debettes I owe in London I thancke god & muche quiet my mynde which wolde nott be indebeted" (Shakespeare Birthplace Trust Records Office, MS. ER 27/4). This letter is the only one ever found addressed to William Shakespeare of Stratford.
Oct or Nov 1598
Adrian Quiney writes to Richard Quiney: "yff yow bargen with Wm Sha or recover money therefor, brynge youre money homme"
Abraham Sturley writes Richard Quiney that "our countriman mr Wm Shak. would procure us monei which I will like of as I shall heare when wheare & howe: and I prai let not go that occasion if it mai sort to ani indifferent condicions"
Listed among those in Bishopgate ward who have moved out of the district
John Shakspere seeks to add his wife's family arms to the recently acquired Shakspere arms
A tripartite lease for the Globe Theater consists of an agreement between Sir Nicholas Brend (grounds owner), the Burbage brothers, and five members of the Lord Chamberlain's company, which included Shakspere. It was described by John Heminges and Henry Condell in their testimony during the 1619 Court of Requests action Witter v. Heminges and Condell.
In the Inventory of Sir Thomas Brend, Shakspere and others (unnamed) are said to be occupying the Globe Theater
Shakspere is among those listed in the Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer Residuum London accounts as delinquents owing back-taxes (E. 372/444). "The marginal note Surrey, and the reference to 'Residuum Sussex', added later, signify that Shakespeare had migrated across the river to the Surrey Bankside"
EdV seeks governorship of Isle of Jersey
"Willelmus Shackspere" brings suit against John Clayton for a £7 debt. Not all scholars agree that "Willelmus" was Shakspere the actor, since the debt had been acknowledged in Cheapside in 1592
Listed in the Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer Residuum Sussex accounts (E. 372/445) and a "tax bill of 13s.4d. is still outstanding. The notation Episcopo Wintonensi in the left-hand margin indicates that the Court of Exchequer had referred the dramatist's arrears to the Bishop of Winchester, whose liberty of the Clink in Surrey lay outside the sheriff's jurisdiction. The natural inference is that Shakespeare now lived in the Clink, although it is a curious fact that his name has not been traced in any of the annual lists of residents of the Clink parish (St. Saviour's) compiled by the officers who made the rounds to collect tokens purchased by churchgoers for Easter Communion, which was compulsory"
Earl of Essex and Earl of Southampton lead revolt against Elizabeth and Robert Cecil and lose; Southampton condemned for treason and sent to Tower; Essex beheaded
Will of Thomas Whittington. "Item I geve and bequeth unto the poore people of Stratford 40s that is in the hand of Anne Shaxspere, wyf unto Mr. Wyllyam Shaxspere, and is due debt unto me..."
EdV's troupe of actors, merged with Earl of Worcester's Men, performing at the Boar's Head Tavern
Peter Brooke (York Herald) accuses Sir William Dethick (Garter King-of-Arms) and his associate Camden (Clarenceux King-of-Arms) of "elevating base persons, and assigning devices already in use." Brooke's 23 case complaint includes a drawing in which Shakespeare is listed by the "appellation player ... no doubt pejoratively intended" (Schoenbaum)
John Manningham writes in his diary "Vpon a tyme when Burbidge played Rich. 3. there was a citizen greue soe farr in liking with him, that before shee went from the play shee appointed him to come that night vnto hir by the name of Ri: the 3. Shakespeare overhearing their conclusion went before, was intertained, and at his game ere Burbidge came. Then message being brought that Rich. the 3.d was at the dore, Shakespeare caused returne to be made that William the Conquerour was before Rich. the 3. Shakespeare's name William. (Mr. Curle.)"
For £320, buys 107 acres of land and 20 acres of pasture in Old Stratford from William and John Combe
Acquires a quarter-acre of land with "Chapel Lane Cottage" and a garden
New Place is reconveyed to Shakspere, who pays a fee equal to one fourth of the property's yearly value
Listed as "principal Tragoedian" (i.e. actor) in first production of Ben Jonson's Sejanus his Fall
Death of Elizabeth; accession of King James
17/18 May 1603
Two identically worded warrants are written for letters patent authorizing "William Shakespeare...and the rest of theire Assosiates freely to use and exercise the Arte and faculty of playinge Comedies Tragedies histories Enterludes moralls pastoralls Stageplaies and suche others like as theie have alreadie studied or hereafter shall use or studie aswell for the recreation of our lovinge Subjectes as for our Solace and pleasure when wee shall thincke good to see them duringe our pleasure..." Robert Cecil is behind these warrants
Err:520 Mar 1603 Southampton released from Tower
Coronation of King James; WS is among players given Coronation of King James; EdV performs money for cloth to make costumes (see 3/15/1604) ceremonial role
King James renews EdV's annuity
Lodges with the Mountjoys just north of St. Paul's
Susan de Vere becomes a of honor to Queen Anne. Queen Anne, an enthusiastic amateur actor, performs plays in private; Susan de Vere appears in more plays than anyone but Anne
Sues the Stratford apothecary Philip Rogers for 35s.10d plus 10s damages, seeking to recover the unpaid balance on a sale of twenty bushels of malt and a small loan
In the Master of the Wardrobe record, Shakspere is listed among "Players" who were given scarlet cloth to be worn for the King's Royal Procession through London
Death of Edward de Vere.
Survey of Rowington manor reports that "William Shakespere Lykewise holdeth there one cottage and one garden by estimation a quarter of one acre and payeth rent yearly ijs vjd"
Will of Augustine Phillips. "Item I geve and bequeathe to my ffellowe william Shakespeare a Thirty shillings peece in gould"
Purchases from Ralph Hubaud (Shakespeare Birthplace Trust Records Office, MS. ER 27/2; Misc. Doc. II, 3) "a half-interest in a lease of 'Tythes of Corne grayne blade & heye' in three nearby hamlets ... along with the small tithes of the whole of Stratford parish, with certain exceptions honouring former rights"
Susan de Vere marries Philip Herbert, earl of Montgomery, during the Christmas season at Court
After his death, an inventory of Hubaud's land and goods includes the notation that "There was Owinge by Mr. Shakspre xxli"
Susanna Shakespeare fined as Catholic recusant for not appearing at Easter service
17 Aug 1606 to 7 Jun 1609
Brings suit against John Addenbrooke for £6, plus 24s. damages. Shakespeare won and an order was issued for Addenbrooke's arrest. Addenbrooke failed to appear in court and an attempt was made to force Addenbrooke's surety, the blacksmith Thomas Horneby, to pay the full amount
Daughter Susanna marries Dr. John Hall. Shakespeare's granddaughter, Elizabeth, is born in 1608
Elizabeth Trentham de Vere is planning to sell King's Place
Elizabeth Trentham de Vere given permission to sell King's Place; she sells it to Sir Fulke Greville, whose Mustapha is pirated in 1609 by Okes and Butter, the same printers who pirated King Lear in 1608
Court of Common Pleas fine serves to confirm Shakspere's title to 107 acres of land and 20 acres of pasture in Old Stratford, purchased in 1602 from William Combe
In a Stratford Court of Chancery Bill of Complaint (Richard Lane et al. versus Doninus Carewe et al., Shakespeare Birthplace Trust Records Office, Misc. Doc. II, 11), the "complainants, of whom Shakespeare was one, asked that the other tenants pay their portion of the mean rent of £26.13s.4d. reserved for John Barker, who held the original lease on the tithes" (@ Schoenbaum 193). William Combe answered the complaint, agreed to pay more than twice what he had been, and asked that the other tenants pay their share
Shakspere's name appears on a list of those supporting "the Charge of prosecutynge [a] Bill in parliament for the better Repayre of the highe waies and amendinge divers defectes in the Statues alredy made" (Shakespeare Birthplace Trust Records Office, Misc. Doc. I, 4). The Bill would have made the national government responsible for repairs previously funded by local residents.
Death of Robert Cecil
11 May to 19 Jun 1612
Called into court and asked to resolve a dispute regarding the amount offered by him as dowery when he helped negotiate a marriage in 1604 (Public Record Office, Court of Requests, Belott v. Mountjoy; etc.). "Only Shakespeare himself could resolve the question ... but what the portion was, or when it was to be paid, Shakespeare could not say.... The witness likewise professed ignorance of 'what implementes and necessaries of houshold stuff' Mountjoy gave with Mary" (Schoenbaum)
Buys Blackfriars Gatehouse, a center of Catholicism
John Combe of Stratford bequeaths £5 to "mr William Shackspere"
Buys Henry Walker's Blackfriars Gate-house with William Johnson, John Jackson, and John Hemming for £140. The deal involves "elaborate arrangements, calling for trustees and a mortgage [whose] practical effect would be to deprive Shakespeare's widow of her dower right to a third share for life in this part of the estate; for in a joint tenancy, Chancery would not recognize Anne's privilege unless her husband had survived the other trustees." See Michael Wood for thie importance of the Blackfriars Gatehouse to Catholicism
For work on the Earl of Rutland's impresa, payments were made "To Mr. Shakspeare in gold, about my Lordes impreso, xlivs.; To Richard Burbage for painting and making it, xlivs." An impresa was a symbolic design on a shield. This probably refers not to WS of Stratford, but to John Shakespeare, bitmaker, who made similar items.
Appears in a list of "Auncient ffreeholders in the ffieldes of Oldstratford and Welcombe."
Makes a covenant with Mainwaring's attorney William Replingham (Shakespeare Birthplace Trust Records Office, MS. ER 27/3), which "undertook to compensate William Shackespeare or his heirs or assigns 'for all such losse detriment & hinderance' with respect to the annual value of his tithes, 'by reason of anie Inclosure or decaye of Tyllage there ment and intended by the said William Replingham'"
Nov 1614 to Sep 1615
Thomas Greene makes several notes regarding his "Cosen Shakspeare", in relation to the land enclosure issue in Stratford
William Herbert earl of Pembroke, Susan de Vere Herbert's brother-in-law, wins appointment as Lord Chamberlain to King James
On a Court of Chancery bill of complaint, listed among those who sought to obtain Blackfriars property documents
Thomasina Ostler's court plea has a list of shareholders for the Globe Theater and Blackfriars property which includes Shakspere's name
Daughter Susanna marries Dr. John Hall
Daughter Judith marries Thomas Quiney; she is 31 and he is 27
Judith and Thomas Quiney excommunicated for having married without a proper license
Modifies will to leave Judith money in her own right (i.e. not controlled by Quiney), and signs it
Thomas Quiney prosecuted for "carnal copulation" with Margaret Wheeler; she and her child by Quiney had died that month
Dies (actually May 3 in the Gregorian calendar)
Burial of "Will Shakspeare gent" is recorded in the Stratford parish register . At some point thereafter, an epitaph is carved on the stone above the grave and a monument is erected on the wall of the church.
Birth of Shakespeare Quiney, Thomas and Judith Quiney's first child
Publisher William Jaggard dedicates book ArchaioPloutos to Susan de Vere Herbert and her husband, asking them to pick the "fairest fruitages" and "bestow [them] how and where you list"
Bookseller Edward Blount and father/son publishing team of William and Isaac Jaggard publish First Folio, dedicated to the earls of Pembroke and Montgomery, brother-in-law and husband of Susan de Vere Herbert
Shakespeare the writer
arch of Shakespeare Surrey plays a major role in Sir Thomas More; Shakespeare's Sonnets use the sonnet form invented by Surrey
Sports, hunting, and plays/acting all appear frequently as metaphors in Shakespeare's work
Smith expert in medicine, politics, law, all subjects familiar to Shakespeare
Members of the Hastings family appear in early plays Henry VI part 3 and Richard III
Cecil is widely supposed to be the original of Polonius. Mother's remarriage: Gertrude in Hamlet
Hamlet "You are a fishmonger"
Widespread influence on Shakespeare's poetry; mentioned in Titus Andronicus, where a boy brings the book onstage and says "My mother gave it me." Shakespeare knows both the original Latin and Golding's translation
Anglo-Saxon poetry has general influence on Shakespeare's poetry; some critics note specific parallels with Hamlet
General influence of the law in Shakespeare's plays. The Supposes, possible source for Comedy of Errors, is performed at Gray's Inn shortly before EdV enters
Death of Mercutio, Romeo and Juliet?; joke on se defendendo in Hamlet
Merry Wives of Windsor
Shakespeare is supposed by some biographers and critics to have had experience as a soldier
Bertram will be "disparaged" by marriage to Helena in All's Well that Ends Well
Hamlet reads this book
Henry IV part 1, act 1, sc 2
Shakespeare's sympathy toward Catholicism and use of Catholic beliefs. Many Shakespeare plays set in France and Italy; they show precise knowledge of local geographic detail and customs (SBAN 79-113).
Ragusa, described in precise geographical detail, is the "imaginary" city of Twelfth Night (SBAN 86-87)
Situation of irrationally jealous husband in Othello;Rowland Yorke may be the inspiration for Iago in Othello
Crossing the English Channel, Hamlet is attacked by pirates, who steal his luggage
Suspicious husbands put away their innocent wives in A Winter's Tale, Cymbeline, Much Ado about Nothing
Early version of Comedy of Errors?
Referred to as dead in AWTEW (see July 1584). In general, this would be taken as indicating a first possible date of composition.
Early version of The Merchant of Venice?
Shakespeare uses, then parodies, Euphuism
Sir Thomas More
Frequent references to madness in Shakespeare's plays. In this period, only nobles and their companions could visit Bedlam
Shakespeare's sympathy toward Catholicism and use of Catholic beliefs
Shakespeare's sympathy toward Catholicism and use of Catholic beliefs
Introductions to Hekatompathia show influence of German rhetorician Susenbrotus, who also influenced Shakespeare; SBAN 183
Romeo and Juliet; Sonnets refer to Shakespeare's lameness
Bed trick, errant idiot of a husband, ennobled wife, and general situation in AWTEW
Early version of Much Ado about Nothing?
Referred to as alive in AWTEW (see 10/1/1578). In general, this would be taken as indicating a last possible date of composition.
Troilus and Cressida? Mark Anderson argues that this play is EdV's plea to be sent back to the Lowlands to fight
Sense of this being an apocalyptic war echoes in the Henry IV-V plays?
Ben Jonson, in his introduction to the 1614 edition of Bartholomew Fair, says Kyd's The Spanish Tragedy and Titus Andronicus have been in vogue "these five and twenty, or thirty years". Kyd's Spanish Tragedy was written sometime between 1582-1592, probably in the mid to late 1580s; the implication seems to be that Titus was written at about the same time
Hamlet quoted in Thomas Nashe's introduction to Robert Greene's Menaphon
First Sonnets promote a marriage that is likely to be this one. "Fair Youth of the Sonnets" often traditionally identified as Southampton
Edmund Spenser publishes The Tears of the Muses, complaining that "our pleasant Willy, ah! is dead of late"--that is, not writing
Parallels with King Lear?
Henry VI part I is produced (first printed 1594)
Henry VI part II and part III first performed; first printed 1594
Called "dead shepherd" in As You Like It
r named William Shakespeare
dronicus and the three Henry VI history plays (appeared
An entry in Francis Bacon's notebook quotes Romeo & Juliet. (Francis Bacon's mother was Sir William Cecil's wife's sister.)
Philip Henslowe calls Titus Andronicus a "new" play; but according to the first published edition it was performed by a company that folded in early 1593; see also 1589
Henslowe records a performance of a play called Hamlet
If The Comedy of Errors is the same as "A Night of Errors," first known performance
Supposed to be the occasion of the composition of A Midsummer Night's Dream
Richard II, Richard III, and Romeo and Juliet first published
Publication of Henry IV, part I, first play with William Shakespeare listed as author; Francis Meres lists Shakespeare plays including R II, R III, TA, 2G of V, LLL, R&J, MND, M/V,H IV pt I,and Love's Labours Won. M/V recorded at Stationers' Register on 22 July 1598.
Henry V refers to Earl of Essex's Irish expedition of 1599
First publications of A Midsummer Night's Dream, The Merchant of Venice, Henry IV part II, Much Ado about Nothing, and Henry V
As You Like It in Stationers' Register
Appearance of "The Phoenix and the Turtle" in Love's Martyr
Publication of The Merry Wives of Windsor
First recorded performance of Twelfth Night; almost 1/3 of the audience consists of EdV's family and friends (Leslie Hotson, First Night of Twelfth Night)
Stationers' Register describes Hamlet as "lately acted"
Publication of "bad quarto" of Hamlet
L Chamberlain's Men,Shakespeare's company, becomes King's Men, a change brought about by Robert Cecil
First recorded performance of Troilus and Cressida
First recorded performance of Othello
"Good Quarto" of Hamlet, last new Shakespeare work to appear in print until 1609
For the first and only time, many of Shakespeare's plays are performed during the Christmas season at Court
First recorded performance of King Lear
Four new Shakespeare texts appear: True Chronicle History of King Lear and his Three Daughters (SR Nov 1607, pub 1608; a significantly different version appears in the FF in 1623), Pericles (SR May 1608), Troilus and Cressida, and The Sonnets. Antony and Cleopatra is also entered in the Stationers' Register in May 1608, but not published; a play with the name Antony and Cleopatra formed part of Fulke Greville's library. (See CHASING SHAKESPEARES)
Publication of The Sonnets, in which the author is referred to as "ever-living". "Ever-living" is almost universally used to refer to a person who is dead.
First recorded performance of The Tempest
Publication of Henry Peacham's Minerva Britannia
Publisher William Jaggard publishes reprints of 10 Shakespeare plays, the "False Folio"
Othello published, first new work since 1609; production of First Folio begins
First Folio published
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