Cincinnati. if false. in ascertaining its truth or falsity. no one can possibly be saved and reject it. . if true. Therefore TLc every soul in all tne world is equally interested Orson Pratt. The Standard Publishing Co.The True Origin The Book of Mormon * CHARLES CUMORAH A: SHOOK Author of REVISITED. THE TRUE ORIGIN OF MORMON POLYGAMY I Mormon nature of tbe message in tne Book of is suck tnat. O. no one can possibly be saved and receive it.




Henry Lake. McKinstry's Affidavit The Quincy Whig 78 CHAPTER The "Manuscript Found" VI. Mormon Its Identity with the Book of The Testimony of John Spaulding. Oliver Book of Mormon Cowdery IV. PACE Outline of the I Mormonism The Historical of Mormon The Proposition Stated II. New York The Mormon Attempt to Exonerate Smith 16 CHAPTER The Three Witnesses to mer Martin Harris the III. Mrs. John N. Nahum Howard and Artemus 94 vii Cunningham . Oliver Smith. Davison's Boston Recorder Letter Reply Mrs. David Whit39 CHAPTER The Life of Solomon Spaulding Spaulding's Roman Story The Fairchild-Rice-Smith Correspondence A Mormon Lie Nailed 62 CHAPTER V. Miller. Aaron Established Wright. CHAPTER The Character of Joseph Smith The Affidavit of Peter Ingersoll The Affidavit of Willard Chase The Affidavit of William Stafford The Affidavit of Isaac Hale The Signed Statements of the Citizens of Palmyra and Manchester. Martha Spaulding.Contents CHAPTER The Rise Book of I.

C. Rigdon's Connection with Smith The Pretended Conversion of Rigdon Rigdon's Previous Visits to Smith The 126 Mormon Alibi Katherine Salisbury's Affidavit CHAPTER Internal Proofs X. Objections Answered Size of the Book of Mormon Book of Mormon Character of the Book of Mormon Smith's Inability to Produce the Book of Mormon The uscript Challenge to Produce the Original ManSupto the The Character of Hurlburt and Howe posed Contradictions in the "Manuscript Found" Book of Mormon Conclusion 167 . Harrison Lambdin Suspected of Stealing the Manuscript Exhibits the Manuscript Foretells the 116 Coming Out of the Book of Mormon CHAPTER IX. from Spaulding's First Manuscript that He Was the Author of the Book of Mormon Both Found under a Stone A Great Storm at Sea The Great Spirit The Revolution of the Earth The Use of the Horse The Manufacture of Iron High Priests The Seerstone 155 CHAPTER Mormon Style of the XI. Bennett 103 CHAPTER VIII. Rigdon's Connection with the Spaulding Romance His Relations with J. FAGS The Testimony of Other Witnesses Joseph Miller Ruddick McKee Abner Jackson The Mormon Admissions of Genuineness The Disclosures of J.viii CONTENTS CHAPTER VII.

. in 1884. whose views. in papers read before . coincided exactly with my own. Bays (1897)." ing by D. Now and then one has been found who speaking. to the Book of Mormon. I found. and that it bears no resemblance. It was not until a copy of A. ministerial and elsewhere. the book. but. taught that this claim is a myth that the "Manuscript Found" had come to light in Honolulu. from boyhood. Becoming convinced from the reading of Schroeder's arguments that there was more to the Spaulding theory than I had supposed. "Doctrines and Dogmas of Mormonism. I denied the and attributed the Book of Mormon Spaulding theory to the joint work of Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowassociations In this position I was. T. I set myself to the task of collecting and analyzing the evidences with is. I was. has doubted or denied this theory. generally it is the impregnable rock upon which the antiforces have taken their stand. and for some years. H. Hawaiian Islands. later. "The Origin of the Book of Mormon. whatever. the majority of to the view presented in these pages that the Book of Mormon is nothing more than Solomon Spaulding's "Manuscript Found. Mormon Having been raised in the Reorganized Mormon Church. Schroeder's little booklet. The influence of this training followed me even after I had apostatized. confirmed by readdery." revamped. Re-examined in Its Relation to Spaulding's " fell into my hands that I began 'Manuscript Found/ to see the strong points in the Spaulding theory which I had overlooked.Foreword From anti-Mormon polemics and writers have held the year 1834 to the present.

i. CHARLES A. ponent of Mormonism. who the manuscript discovered in Honolulu and the "Manuscript Found. I have felt it my duty to present to the world the evidences which convinced me of this fact. Jan. SHOOK. I wish to brand this accusation as absolutely false. . Having become convinced myself that the Book of Mormon is a monstrous fraud. But this is not true. finding itself pursued by the enemy and in sore straits. has differentiated between from it. emits an inky fluid in order that it may made that my books have been written with the view to lining my pockets. which." denying that the Book of Mormon came from the former and claiming that latter. Already the claim has been EDDYVILLE.x the result that I FOREWORD am as satisfied to-day that the Mormon originated in the brain of the dreamer of Conneaut. The money and labor expended upon it have been expended wholly in the interests of truth and not with the thought of remuneration. Not one cent of profit or royalty from the sale of book will find its way into my wallet. it came from the The effort of the Mormons to confuse the public mind on this point is strongly suggestive of the tactics of the ink-fish. treated the position of their They have started From 1834. Hence this book. this escape under its cover.. Neb." and then have asserted that those who oppose them claim that the Book of Mormon came fairly in this controversy. The Mormons have not opponents out by assuming that the Honolulu manuscript is the "Manuscript Found. 1914. every ophas given due consideration to the evidences in the case. Book of Solomon Spaulding. as I am that "Thanatopsis" originated in the brain of Bryant or "Evangeline" in the brain of Longfellow. In closing.

to the village of Manchester. Vermont. bigotry and superstition. and. the village of Sharon. So. was born in the Windsor County. When Joseph related this vision to one of the told Methodist preachers in his neighborhood. 1805. being somewhat perplexed to know just which sect to join. reared in poverty. that their creeds were an abomination. CHAPTER The Historical Outline of the Book Mormon The Proposition Stated. While he was praying. removing tant. retiring to the forest. When he was ten years of age. Presbyterians and Baptists. Mormon prophet. told him that he must join none of the existing sects. the preacher him that it was all of the devil and that there are . December He was the fourth of ten children and was 23. his father took the family to western New York. he decided to petition the in religion In the year 1820. in Ontario (now Wayne) County. the Father and the Son appeared to him in vision. he made the matter the subject of prayer. Joseph became very much interested the revivals that were conducted in Lord for enlight- enment. and that their professors were all corrupt. a four years afterward few miles dis- through Manchester by the Methodists. ignorance.The True Origin Book The Rise of Mormonism of of tke of Mormon I. where they settled at Palmyra. Joseph Smith.

His description of their depository. called the Urim and Thummim. 1823. and the The box in which messenger. is good and as follows: New Convenient to the village of Manchester. Having removed the earth and obtained a lever which I got fixed under the edge of the stone and with a little exertion raised it up. the manner of their burial and the events that occurred. he had retired to bed and had betaken himself to prayer. and the most elevated of any in the neighborood. but the edge all around was covered with earth. his . which he had seen in vision and which was on a hill near Manchester. Joseph repaired to the spot. so that the middle part of it was visible above the ground. . in the middle on the upper side. stands a hill of considerable size.2 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF no such things nowadays. and thinner toward the edges. The following day. they having ceased with the apostles. the people for both and that there was a set of gold plates deposited which contained an account of the former inhabitants of this continent. On the v/ect side of this hill. by means of which they were to be translated. in first Breast-plate. the by the by laying stones together 1 Urim and Thummim. According to his account. Joseph received his second vision on the evening of September 21. not far from the top.* Moroni told Joseph that he had come from the presence of the Almighty that there was a work for him to do . some kind of cement visit. that his name should go out among evil. I looked in and there indeed did I behold the plates. in the formed bottom In the account of this angel the angel's name was given Nephi. when room was lighted with a heavenly light and a personage stood before him who gave his name as Moroni. as stated they lay was . Ontario County. and rounding This stone was thick lay the plates deposited in a stone box. under a stone of considerable size. York. where he found the plates as represented. and with them two stones.



of the box were laid two stones crossways of the box, and on these stones lay the plates and other things with them. I made an attempt to take them out, but was forbidden by
the messenger and was again informed that the time for bringing them forth had not yet arrived, neither would until four years from that time; but he told me that I should come to that
place precisely in one year from that time, and that he would there meet with me, and that I should continue to do so until

the time should

come for obtaining

the plates.

Accordingly as


had been commanded, I went at the end of each year, and at each time I found the same messenger there, and received instruction and intelligence from him at each of our interviews respecting what the Lord was going to do and how and in what manner his kingdom was to be conducted in the last days. Church History (Josephite), Vol. I., p. 16.

In the month of October, 1825, Smith hired out to a Mr. Josiah Stoal, or Stowell, of Chenango County, New York, who took him to Harmony, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, and set him to work digging for a lost
silver mine.


this time,

he boarded with a


by the

name of

Isaac Hale, and became deeply in love

The Hales were very much on account of his habits, and so he opposed finally eloped with Emma and was married to her at the house of Squire Tarbill, in South Bainbridge, Chenango
with his daughter,
to his suit


York, January 18, 1827. September 22, following, Smith received the plates from the hands of the angel, being told that he would be held responsible for their safe-keeping, and that if he let them go through carelessness or neglect he would be cut off. Joseph soon observed the need of caution, for no sooner did his neighbors hear of his pretensions than they began all manner of persecutions. This made it necessary for him to leave Manchester, where he had been living since his elopement, and he removed to the home of his wife's parents in Harmony, Pennsylvania,





being assisted in a financial way by Mr. Martin Harris, a wealthy farmer from near Palmyra, who gave him
fifty dollars.

Apostle Parley P. Pratt gives us the following de-

and the Urim and which they were translated:
scription of the plates



These records were engraved on plates, which had the appearance of gold. Each plate was not far from seven by eight inches in width and length, being not quite as thick as common tin. They were filled on both sides with engravings, in Reformed Egyptian characters, and bound together in a volume as the leaves of a book, and fastened at the edge with three rings running through the whole. This volume was something near six inches in thickness, a part of which was sealed. The characters or letters upon the unsealed part were small, and
beautifully engraved.

The whole book


many marks

of antiquity in


art of engraving. ment, called by the ancients the

construction, as well as much skill in the With the records was found a curious instru-

Urim and Thummim, which

consisted of two transparent stones, clear as crystal, set in two rims of a bow. This was in use in ancient times by persons It was an instrument by the use of which they called seers.

received revelation of things distant, or of things past or future.


Voice of Warning,



to visit

In the month of February, 1828, Martin Harris came Smith at Harmony, and obtained from him a

transcript of characters

from the plates, which he took and submitted to Dr. Mitchell and Professor Anthon, two learned linguists of that city, for

New York

their examination.

Harris afterwards declared that An-

thon pronounced the characters to be Egyptian, Assyrian, Chaldaic and Arabic, and said that Smith's translation was correct, more so than any he had before seen from
the Egyptian.

Anthon afterwards

positively denied

making any such statement, and
It consisted of all


"This paper was, in

a singular scrawl.




Harris returned to Palmyra, arranged his business and then came to Harmony, where he began to write for Joseph. Between April 12 and June 14, 1828, he suc-

ceeded in writing 116 pages of foolscap, which, with Smith's permission, he carried home to Palmyra to read

This manuscript came up missing, and it afterwards leaked out that Mrs. Harris in a rage had
to his wife.
it. For his carelessness, Harris lost his place as Smith's scribe and Joseph was told that he need not 1 translate that portion of the record again.


scene. He had been a schoolteacher in the Smith neighborhood in New York, and, hearing of Joseph's claims from his parents, he had come down to Harmony to visit him. On the I7th of April, following, the work of translation was resumed, and continued without further interruption until it was completed. David Whitmer gives the following description of the manner in which the plates were translated:

The work of translation was now interrupted until April 15, 1829, when Oliver Cowdery appeared on the

manner in which Joseph Smith would put the seer stone into a hat, and put his face in the hat, drawing it closely around his face to exclude the light; and in the darkness the spiritual light would shine. A piece of something




Book of Mormon was

giye you a description of the

of crooked characters disposed in columns, and had evidently been prepared by some person who had before him a book containing various Greek and Hebrew letters, crosses and flourishes, Roman letters alphabets. inverted or placed sideways, were arranged in perpendicular columns, and the whole ended in a rude delineation of a circle divided into various compartments, decked with various strange marks, and evidently copied after the Mexican Calendar given by Humboldt, but copied in such a way as not to betray the source whence it was derived." History of Mormonism, p. 271. 1 "Behold, I say unto you, that you shall not translate again those words, which have gone forth out of your hands; for, behold, they shall not accomplish their evil designs in lying against those words." Doctring and Covenants, 3: 6.

resembling parchment would appear; and on that appeared the One character at a time would appear, and under it writing.

Brother Joseph would read Cowdery, who was his principal scribe, and when it was written down and repeated to Brother Joseph to see if it was correct, then it would disappear, and another character with the interpretation would appear. Thus the Book of Mormon was translated by the gift and power of God, and not by any power of man. Whitmer's Address, p. I2. 1
the interpretation in English.
off the English to Oliver


of the following month, John the Bapand ordained Smith and Cowdery to the appeared Aaronic priesthood, after which, by the Baptist's command, they baptized and reordained each other. Soon after Smith's arrival in Harmony, he formed the acquaintance of Peter Whitmer, of Fayette, Seneca County, New York, and in the month of June following his ordination, Whitmer's son, David, came to visit him and urgently invited him to accompany him home and remain until the translation should be finished. Smith acceded, and from this time, until their apostasy in 1838, the Whitmers were among his staunchest friends and most devoted disciples. During the course of the translation, it was ascerthe
1 5th



tained that the


who were

Almost Cowdery, David Whitmer and Martin Harris requested Joseph to inquire of the Lord if they might not be these special witnesses. Joseph did so, and through the Urim and Thummim received a favorable answer, upon which they all retired to the forest, where, after fervent and
1 If the characters were interpreted for Smith upon the seer-stone, upon Would not this, also, make the what principle was he a translator? Almighty responsible for every grammatical and rhetorical error in the book? If not, why not?

to provide three special to have the privilege of viewing the immediately after this discovery, Oliver

Lord intended

Soon after this. Jr. And we declare with words of soberness. tongues and people. and not of man. which have the appearance of gold. we did (2) . the angel.. who came from the tower of which hath been spoken. and also of the people of Jared. we bear testimony of these things. And the honor be to the Father. that we beheld and bear ^record that these things are true. and our Lord Jesus Christ. that the also testify that we have seen the en- we know gravings which are upon the plates. and the engravings thereon. an^ be found spotless before the judgment-seat of Christ. and as many of the leaves as the said Smith has translated. and we know that it is by the grace of God the Father. to be obedient unto the commandments of God. have seen the plates which contain this record. which is a record of the people of Nephi. and they have been shown unto us by the power of God. and people. wherefore. that we beheld and saw the plates. and to the Holy Ghost.THE BOOK OF MORMON humble prayer. for his voice hath de- clared unto us: wherefore true. and also of the Lamanites. OLIVER COWDERY. which is one God. unto whom this work shall come. kindreds. work is And we of a surety. we shall rid our garments of the blood of all men. plates 7 were shown to them by the : Their testimony follows Be it known unto all nations. and we also know that they have been translated by the it gift and power of God. has shown unto us the plates of which : hath been spoken. tongues. and our Lord Jesus Christ. DAVID WHITMER. And we know that if we are faithful in Christ. that Joseph Smith. the voice of the Lord commanded us that we should bear record of it. through the grace of God the Father. and he brought and laid before our eyes. that an angel of God came down from heaven. nevertheless. MARTIN HARRIS. their brethren. and it is marvelous in our eyes. the translator of this work. and shall dwell with him eternally in the heavens. kindreds. unto whom this work shall come. Amen. that we. and to the Son. the following testimony was obtained from eight other witnesses who had been permitted to view the plates Be it known unto all nations.

Gilbert. all of which has the appearance of ancient work. was let out to Mr. set the type. will be frequently menJ. December . Gregg. "Author and Proprietor. HYRUM SMITH. that the said Smith has And we give our got the plates of which we have spoken. When Smith and Cowdery had been ordained to the Aaronic priesthood. one of the three witnesses. John the Baptist informed them that they would continue faithful. H. they would also be admitted into the Melchisedec. 30. for we have seen and hefted. to the eldership of the 1 to print five thousand copies for the sand dollars. JOSEPH SMITH. And this we bear record with words of soberness. JOHN WHITMER. sum of three thouMartin Harris. priesthood of if which Peter. SMITH.8 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF : handle with our hands and we also saw the engravings thereon. New York. who agreed commanding Joseph to ordain Oliver. Jr. HIRAM PAGE. At length. by Joseph Smith. the word of the Lord came to them and Oliver Joseph. and we lie not. or higher. SAMUEL H. and furnished the means for the publication of this edition. James and John held the keys. God bearing witness of it. while tarrying before the Lord in a chamber in Whitmer's house. which occupied seven months. of Palmyra. 1884. 1 Letter of J. names unto the world to witness unto the world that which we have seen. When the translation of the Book of Mormon was completed. JACOB WHITMER. Sen. H. whose name tioned in the pages of this book. New York. and so made their desire the subject of fervent prayer." The work of publication. the copyright was secured. and of curious workmanship. Gilbert to Th. They now became anxious to have this promise fulfilled. and know of a surety. that the said Smith hath shown unto us. Egbert Grandin. June n. PETER WHITMER. Church of Jesus Christ. CHRISTIAN WHITMER. dated at Palmyra. 1829.

that tfiey are not cast off forever and Genti? tha* JESPS ia the CHRIST. unto the interpretation thereof.> unto the LORD. i!>tan abridgment taken from the totfrpretatton thereof by the gift of Goo Hook of Kther. the ETKH. ad Wherefore it is *n abridgment of the Record of the People of Nepiu . wherefore condemn not the things of Coj>. . Aiso. . UPON PLATES TAKEN FROM THE PLATES OF NEPIfl.GRANniN. . . B. and aealedttp. ii- FIKST KDITION oi: MUKM>-> .ist*ke of men.-#r : /w . which i* t?m LOBD confounded to frt to t. sealed bv the hand of Moroni..written br way of commandment.v tUV covenants of the LORB. BY JOSEPH SMITH. . tnat they mi^ht naf be destroyed . and also by thf spirit >->f prajiliesy and of Revelation.i.\IOK. of I-<f!i>! how great things the LORD bath done for theii fathers.K-i'Ar. whieh were scattered ai the time were buUdiojt * the language of the jwofde when thy Hearen which is to shew unto the remnant of the House. TITLE-PAGE PALMYRA EDITION OF THE BOOK OF MORMON.f U. AUTHOR AND PROPRIETOR* PALMYRA: PRWTPD BY B. THE AUTHOR.of the LarrtwMtes written to the Lamaitite*. and aiso to Jew iwtd tjenttie . thai ye mo y be found spotless ai the judgment seat of CHKUT. . it b the Himself unto ail nations. and hid up unto the LORD. to come forth ia doe tinse by the way of Gentile. ut'inissstifig <t. FACSIMILE <>r Tni. 'which area remnant of the House of Israel . Written. Ami (rfiD. a Recofd of the People of Jared. 1830. to ccaje forth by the gifi and power of Gof>.VAL tin' convin':m? of the w if there be fault. FOR. and thai they may and a!*o to k?ur. also . aid hid u.THE BOOK OF MORMON ACCOUNT WRITTEN BY THE HAND OP MORMON.


Historically. and Moroni. who came from the tower of Babel under Jared and his brother. Mormon. were the Jaredites. Disciple of Nephi. the other fourteen of the The first people to inhabit America.THE BOOK OF MORMON On 9 April 6. Samuel Smith. is the history of the rise of Mormonism It is one of the as given by the Mormons themselves. Seneca County. and one in which the repuown neighborhood placed not the least bit of credence. the Jaredites are said to have journeyed northward into Armenia and from there westward over southern Europe to Spain. the latter a prophet of the Lord. It must be because men love darkness rather than light and fiction rather than fact. should be accepted as a truthful account of what actually happened. Ether period the Nephi. . history of the Book of Ether being an abridged latter. New York. Leaving Babel. Omni. Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery becoming elders of the same. of human history that a story so strangest phenomena table citizens of Smith's absurd and foundationless. David Whitmer and Peter Whitmer. the Jaredites and Nephites. Joseph Smith. THE HISTORICAL OUTLINE OF THE BOOK OF MORMON. Mosiah. by hundreds of thousands of people. Hyrum Smith. these books cover a of about twenty-six centuries and describe two : I distinct nations of people. 2 Nephi. the "Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints" was organized at Fayette. Alma. according to the Book of Mormon. former. Oliver Cowdery. Nephi. in brief. as follows Jacob. This. Jarom. Words of Mormon. 1830. with six members. Helaman. we find that it is written on the plan of the Bible and is divided into fifteen different books. Turning our attention now to the Book of Mormon as a reputed sacred history of ancient America. Enos.

have practiced the arts and customs of an advanced civilization. and the sides thereof were tight like unto a dish. built large cities (the ruins of From Central America. and the Claims of the Mormons. and the door thereof. upon "the east coast of Central America.70. finally." * the and landed.10 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF Book of Mormon land of Moriancumer. . which make it necessary to identify the "Mound Builders" with oui the more recent 8 Indian tribes. and the bottom thereof was tight like unto a dish. Many Mormon writers identhem with the mythical "Mound Builders. the Jaredites are said to have spread their borders northward until. was tight like unto a dish. a theory that is nullified by archaeological researches. near the mouth of the river Motagua. and the top thereof was tight like unto a dish. After dwelling here for about sixteen hundred years." Ether. of my "Cumorah Revisited. 1894. they included within their boundaries all of the territory of tify the present United States. from the Viewpoint of American Archaeology and Ethnology. for the purpose of outlining and preparing a map of Book of Mormon history. Re-examined. and to have settled the adjacent country. Here they dwelt on the seashore for four years. Iowa. held at Lamoni. April 6-19. i 5. The Book of Mormon. See Chapter VI. and the length thereof was the length of a tree. at the close of which time they put to sea in eight cigar-shaped barges. and they were light upon the water. even unto the lightness of a fowl upon the water: and they were built after a manner that they were exceeding tight. after a voyage of 344 days." gy> p." and attribute the earthworks of the Mississippi and Ohio Valleys to their construction. to Here they are have to which still remain). even that they would hold water like unto a dish. when it was shut. and the ends thereof were peaked. or. a This committee was appointed at the General Conference of the Re1 like : organized Church. spreading over the extensive country mentioned and suf"And they were small.' Report of Committee on American Archaolsaid to have founded a government." for a full discussion of the question of the nationality of the Mound Builders.

and. they found ass. After their departure. Lemuel. The Ocean. king of Judah. Sam and Lehi. in due time. C. only two escaping Coriantumr. Here. and Ether. they successfully crossed the sea. The book further claims that in the first year of the reign of Zedekiah. to obtain a set of brass plates command of God. and. the Jaredites came end in civil war in a battle fought about 600 B. one of the generals. . all manner of beasts the cow. Saraiah. at "Hill faring from dissensions and revolts. to induce the family ealogy of Ishmael to join them. and. the sons returned to Jerusalem at two different times. built a ship this little Ishmael's and launched out into the Indian themselves to the care of God. a prophet The former was afterward discovered of the Lord. horse. and depart into the wilderness. there was dwelling at Jerusalem a prophet and righteous man by the name of Lehi had four sons. committing voyage was a stormy one. is the history of the first colony of immigrants to reach our shores as given in the Book of Mormon. not far from the thirtieth degree. as the wickedness of the city was great. second. p. by the family." Ether wrote a history of his people on a set of plates and hid them in such a manner that they were afterwards discovered by their successors. After eight years. goat and wild goat.THE BOOK OF MORMON to an 11 Ramah" in western New York. Laman. first which contained the genof their' fathers." Report of Committee on American Archceology. south latitude. by the people of Zarahemla and dwelt with them "nine moons . in which thousands were slain in a few days. landed "on the coast of Chili. he was commanded to take them and his wife. 11. This. notwithstanding this. also such ores as gold. now augmented by the addition of company. in brief. ox. but. Nephi.

12 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP silver. so that in the short space of one thousand years from the time of their land- ing upon American soil. the Nephites and Lamanites. Sometime after the division. they had forgotten God." statement. where they found a colony of the . their land of Zarahemla. at least. Drunken with the pride of their wonderful achievements. the Lamanites. Being a prolific people. the Nephites and Zarahemlaites were one people. Lehi died and the company broke up into two contending factions. finally. it formed Egyptian" was not invented until p. iron and copper. under Mulek. But at last they met their downfall. they inhabited the whole of North America as far to the northward. and having their numbers in- creased by the addition of the Zarahemlaites. who had come over from Jerusalem about the time of its destruction by Nebuchadnezzar. named from his two sons. being claimed that the "Rebut see "Joseph the Seer. and for this purpose he made a set of plates and began to engrave thereon their in history "Reformed Egyptian" language. Nephi began at once to keep a record of his people. my . In course of time. and with this forget fulness came national deterioration. the Nephites moved northward into what is now Colombia and Venezuela. From this time onward. so that they fell an easy prey to their inNear "Hill Cumorah" veterate foes. 1 This has been verbally objected to. 145. * people called the Mulekites or Zarahemlaites. into the United States. where Elder Blair coincides with later. the Nephites now sent out colonies into Central America and Mexico and. one of the sons of Zedekiah. as the Great Lakes. and notwithstanding their wars with the Lamanites. Nephi and Laman. The Nephites were enlightened and civilized the Lamanites degenerated into common savages they were the ancestors of our Indians.

in fact. vision out of Mormonism.." hid himself from his enemies. the decisive battle was fought about 400 A. And the Mormon churches are If largely take the made up of dream and the dreamy.. 2 This is more apparent to one who has been in the faith than to an outsider. No such Indians. Mormonism that. a Congregational clergy- man. ever existed. 1823. visionary nature with marvelous effectiveness. have come the tribes of "white Moroni. This is. it opponents of. for the purpose of whiling away the hours of his poor health and providing him the means of paying his debts. . Visions that. strictly speaking. a prince of royal blood who did not "dissent. instead of has been asserted by the being a true and authentic history of the ancient inhabitants of America. D. "dissented" to the Lamanites. the historical account of the Book of Mormon. finished the record of his people upon the Indians.THE BOOK OF MORMON 13 (the same as the Jaredite "Ramah") in western New York. 8 Or Presbyterian. Although all anti-Mormon writers and polemics 1 "White Indians" is a misnomer. it is thought. are the effects of a disordered stomach or overworked nerves. 8 you will you have but very little left. and from them. substantially. are to the good Mormon the voice of the Lord. Wild and weird as it is." where they were discovered by Joseph Smith on the twenty-second day of September. and Most the Nephite people were nearly all exterminated. Since about the year 1832. The term is applied to the lighter tribes of the American race. visionary class." * plates and deposited them in "Hill Cumorah. in the year 420 A. and. a story written by 8 the Rev. D. of those who escaped. the Book of Mormon is. to ordinary people. THE PROPOSITION STATED. Solomon Spaulding. it has appealed to those of a dreamy. The child that is raised a strict Mormon is taught to carefully regard his dreams.

who was then living at Conneaut. understood. who. Patterson had an employe by the name of J. at length. of Honolulu. H. became very much interested in the aboriginal works of the country and began to write romances based upon them. is one of the most effective arguments upon that can be brought to bear against the delusion. had a friend by the name of Sidney Rigdon." In 1812. which de- scribed a colony of Jews who came over from Jerusalem under the leadership of Lehi and Nephi. Rice. Of course the Mormons strenuously deny any con- Book of Mormon and "The Manuscript Found. Ohio. nection whatever between the Chief of these is the Rev.14 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF this view. Pennsylvania. and. it is claimed. palmed off upon the religious world as a new revelation from God. came up missand Rigdon was suspected of the theft. and put this manuscript in the hands of one Robert Patterson. the printing-office. Solomon Spaulding. picion was afterwards confirmed by the fact that he exhibited such a manuscript which he said had been written by a preacher by the name of Spaulding." declaring that the latter was discovered in the possession of Mr. Spaulding removed from Conneaut to Pittsburgh. D. apostatized and wrote his "Doctrines and Dogmas of Mormonism. briefly. Rigdon worked over. or New Salem. and. Book of Mormon. 1 have not adopted relied it is the one most usually when to account for the origin of the book. This manuscript. Bays. who frequently lounged around the The manuscript. for publication. Harrison Lambdin. this: About 1809. L. after serving as a missionary in the Reorganized Church for twenty-seven years." in which he denies the above position. through the assistance of Smith and Cowdery. 1 . One of these. now deceased. in turn. who. L. The Spaulding theory is. he entitled "The Manuscript Found. This susing.

which was written before Spaulding began his Jewish story. holds to the theory that the Book of Mormon originated in Spaulding's "The Manuscript Found. 1900. with the Book of Mormon. except the densely ignorant or un- scrupulously dishonest." The Honolulu manuscript is not now. Spaulding . That manuscript was known of and was described by the opponents of Mormonism as earty as 1834. that manuscript." but another manuscript." is neither I "densely ignorant" nor "unscrupulously dishonest. The Brighamite paper. depoeit in the Library at Oberlin College. The "densely ignorant" and "unscrupulously disthat the found in the honest" are the public Mormons who purposely confuse the mind by confounding these manuscripts and speaking of them as one and the same. whatever. It never was claimed Book of Mormon originated in the manuscript Sandwich Islands. "The Manuscript Found.THE BOOK OF MORMON 15 it is Sandwich Islands. and that. the Deseret News. upon comparison. . . for July 19. has so completely demolished the theory once relied upon by superficial minds that the Book of Mormon was concocted from . and never has been. but it was expressly denied that it had any connection. says: The discovery of and its the manuscript written by Mr. The opponent of Mormonism. who deny the charge. upon an entirely different subject. shown to be entirely different from the former. that it has been entirely abandoned by all opponents of Mormonism. in 1884. Ohio.

that will I grant unto you. it has told you many things. and therefore whatsoever you to tell you by that means. behold. this is not all thy gift. this is Now this is not all. mother was a common penny by tracing 1 fortune-teller." shall ask me you shall . 1829. for it is the work of God. In a revelation given to Harmony. The Character of Joseph Smith The Affidavit of Peter IngerThe Affidavit of Willard Chase The Affidavit of soll William Stafford The Affidavit of Isaac Hale The Signed York Statements of the Citizens of Palmyra and Manchester.16 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF CHAPTER II. in the lines who turned many a of the open palm the fortune phernalia of early Oliver Cowdery at ing: is The "rod" was almost as much of an essential part of the paraMormonism as the seer-stone. for it is the gift of God. there is no gift other power save the power of God that can cause this gift of Aaron to be with you. behold. as it smacked too much of superstition and dark practices. it was subsequently disguised in the "Doc. to read: "O." This appears in the "Book of Commandments" 7:3. it has told you things: behold. therefore doubt not. Remember your gift. April. or practicing other ceremonies of a like mysterious nature. for you have another gift. Now. remember these words. while his lent habits. I find the follow"O. and you shall hold it in your hands and do marvellous works. and no power shall bo able to take it away out of your hands." 8:3. there is no other power save God. remember these words and keep my commandments. that can cause this rod of nature to work in your hands. for you have another gift. Pennsylvania. for it is the work of God. that know. but. which is the of Aaron. New The early life of Joseph Smith was spent in an environment of superstition and deception that peculiarly fitted him for the part that he was afterwards to play as the prophet of "the new dispensation. and keep my commandments! Remember this is your gift. The Mormon Attempt to Exonerate Smith. in order that he might discover lost mines and buried treasures." His father before him was a man of questionable veracity and indo- who spent a considerable part of his time in 1 "witching" with a hazel rod. which the gift of working with the rod: behold. and Cov.

The few from that locality. when the Mormons had left New York and had become settled at Kirtland.THE BOOK OF MORMON of the inquirer. there in the earlier years of his life. Cowdsry." he has also found many who have bitten at the bait of the "prophet. they were not very successful in obtaining. Joseph began his deceptions on a small scale and contented himself with simply "peeping" for hidden the treasures. outside of Harris. his story was treated with silent contempt by the majority of his acquaintances. ever joined their standard." result. Ohio. . through the assistance of When Smith first promulgated the claim that he had found and deciphered the golden plates. At first. they supposed that his tale would find few believers abroad. were all of the lower strata and were largely pals of their midnight mysteries. Joseph easily fell into questionable habits and engaged in dark practices. Knowing his poor reputation for veracity at home. But. Pratt and others. excepting Martin Harris. i. or that later he became one of the wonder prime deceivers in the fraud of Mormonism. these examples before him. and. as he found a few who bit at the bait of the "money-digger. being phenomenally successful in this small way. among their acquaintances. Mormonism was the And. Dr. and hun*Mrs. from either Palmyra or Manchester. is little 1 17 With that. and even in that vicinity for miles around. Not a single man of wealth or influence. Rigdon. adherents to their peculiar religious claims and beliefs." p. he conceived the idea of launching out in a more colossal deception. who followed the Smiths into Mormon delusion. Horace Eaton in "Hand-book on Mormonism. but. the foregoing characteristics of the Smith family were well known throughout their immediate neighbor- As hood.

for the purpose of seeing whether a mineral rod would work in my hand. I had frequent invitations to join the company. He me severely for speaking it loud. he cut a small witch-hazel bush. he was confident it would. He "Work rebuked did in an audible voice. and being myself When we arrived near at leisure. first became acquainted with the family of Joseph Smith. As my oxen were eating. THE AFFIDAVIT OF PETER INGERSOLL. at the same time. the place at which he thought there was money.. and so gave to the world. Sen. in the year of our Lord. I accepted the invitation. in the form of affidavits and signed statements. I was once ploughing near the house of Joseph Smith. about noon. and poor practices of the Smith family." of 1834. and gave me direction how to hold then went off some rods. they saw the necessity of doing something to counteract the influence of the delusion. until about 1830. was digging for I. I told him the rod did not work. PALMYRA. Dec. money. and told me to say to the rod. 1822. He seemed much surprised at .. and said it must be spoken in a whisper. N. but always declined being one of their number. 1833. This was rare sport for me. during which time the following facts came under my observation. Wayne County. he requested me to walk with him a short distance from his house. saying. what they knew of the eccentricities A number of these affidavits and statements were pubHowe's "Mormonism Unveiled. to the money.. The general employment of the family.18 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF dreds had begun to flock to their standard. While the old man was standing off some rods. Sen." which I it. 2. throwing himself into various shapes. Y. and are copied here for the purpose of giving the reader a true history of the early operations of the Smiths and also showing that Joseph was not above being a party lished in to the transformation of one of Spaulding's novels into a "truthful" and "divine" history of the ancient inhabitants of America. I lived in the neighborhood of said family. Peter Ingersoll. They used various arguments to induce me to accept of their invitations.

"Now. wood the peg was. in a faint voice. Yet I thought it best to conceal the dupe of my feelings. at length. used camels instead of horses. "if you only knew the value there is back of my house. also. Another time. It was On my return. and. The old man." said the old man." and pointing to a place near. He could not tell. which was equally disgusting. told me that the best time for digging money. His son Alvin then went through with the same performance. "If you knew what I had seen. and stooping forward. said. 19 and said he thought he saw time for it move in now me to return to my labor." and upon this I gave it to him. Sen." says he.THE BOOK OF MORMON this. Day after day was spent in fruitless search." exclaimed he. at one side of the cave. we call them rocks. a saddle for a camel. most of them chests of money raised by the heat of the sun. notwithstanding our diligent search for them. hanging on a I asked him of what kind of peg." I replied. quite similar to those of a stool-pigeon. "the large stones top of the ground." hat." To see the old man thus try to impose upon me. he told me that the ancient inhabitants of this country fact. and were not to be found. he proposed to find them by his art . in fact. Said he. and they truly but they are. laid a plan which he thought would accomplish his design. preferring to appear credulity. was in the hsat of summer. you would believe. rather had a tendency to excite contempt than pity. when the heat of the sun caused the chests of money to rise near the "You notice. For proof of this he stated that in a certain hill. he bowed and made sundry ma- At length. on the farm of Mr. Cuyler. "it is of great worth. he took down his hat. at last.) "What are you going to do with that stone?" "Throw it at the birds. my hand. I confess. being very much exhausted. until. "No.. His cows and mine had been gone for sometime. "there." said he. than to expose myself to his resent- my ment. on the top of the ground appear so. the said Joseph. noeuvres. there was a cave containing an immense value of gold and silver. stands of arms. "is one chest of gold and another of He then put the stone which I had given him into his silver. I picked up a small stone and was carelessly tossing it from one hand to the other." At another time. (looking very earnestly. but said it had become similar to stone or iron.

at One circumstance. where his wife then was. if he would move to Pennsylvania and work for a living. nor never could. So he started distant. worthy of notice. lost cows. Sometime before young Joseph found. and married her. Mr. l Joseph tendered to him 25c. there had been a book found. and drove them to the above-named place. on the road. and milked them.. I had much rather have followed her to her grave. Hale told Joseph. from which place he had taken his wife. the gold plates. in a flood of tears: "You have stolen my daughter. as he was coming back in a few days. But. Joseph acceded to this proposition." not see in a stone make the exact change at the toll gate near Ithaca. Jr. Male's in Harmony. however. Pa. before it was discovered by Columbus. His father-in-law (Mr. the old man told me that in Canada. and made several strange and peculiar motions. hundred rods off. Joseph told the gate tender that he would "hand" him the toll on his On our return. to give up his old habits of digging for money and looking into stones. 1827. or pretended to find. return. with a small stick in his hand. Harrison had found the cows. and then said he could go directly to the cows.. You spend your time in digging for money pretend to see in a stone and thus try Joseph wept. When we arrived at Mr. I length ceased his importunities. that gave an account of the first settlment of this country. we could not to deceive people. about one So it that his stratagem turned out rather more did to to my edification. the toll being i2 2 . a scene presented itself truly affecting.20 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF So he took his of divination. were all false. I was hired by Joseph Smith. and acknowledged he could now. to go to Pennsylvania. One circumstance occurred. Hale) addressed Joseph. and went and found the into the woods. On our journey to Pennsylvania. stand near the corner of his house. before leaving him. he would assist him in getting I then into business. He did not / . and I believe this is the only instance where Joe ever exhibited true Yankee wit. will mention. returned with Joseph and his wife to Manchester. The old man. and that his former* He then promised pretensions in that respect. in a hollow tree. finding that to his profit than all his efforts make me a money-digger had proved abortive. to move his wife's household furniture up to Manchester. In the month of August. on finding out the secret of the mystery.

"I agreed hand it to him.THE BOOK OF MORMON 21 l recognize Smith. that he intended to keep the promise which he had made to his father-in-law. some beautiful white washed up by the water. They were all anxious to know the contents of my frock. Joseph wanted to go to Pennsylvania. In the fall of 1827. he told me that he actually went to Willard Chase. At that moment. so I very gravely told them it was the golden Bible. so he accordingly gave him back I2 /c. His brother-in-law had come to assist him in moving. sand. to resume his old practice of looking in the stone. "it will be hard for me. after a heavy shower of rain. and feel of it through the case. day after family of Smiths. as to to they want me it to look in the stone And. in fact. One day he came Upon asking the cause of his unusual happiness. I found. "but. seemed much perplexed as to the course he should pursue. and I did. in a hollow. "I have got the d d fools fixed. they were credulous enough to believe what I said. but he handed it back again. I found the family at the table. yet. In this dilemma. to get him to make a chest. and allowed people only to lift it. in which he might deposit his golden Bible. I offered to take out the book and show it to them. no man can see it with the naked eye and live. he told me he had no such book. and told me what daily transpired in the for them to dig money." Joseph told me. he made me his confident. But. However. across the woods. eating dinner." They urged him. on his return." Notwithstanding. After the gate. with a joyful countenance. and will carry out the fun. yesterday. I happened to think of what I had heard about a history found in Canada. but they refused to see it. but he himself was out of money. and left the room. for. To my surprise. for they will all oppose. On my entering the house. called the golden Bible. I asked him if he did not agree we had passed pay double gateage on our return? "No. He wished to borrow the money frock. Now." said he. Accordingly I told them that I had received a commandment to let no one see it. he replied in the following language: "As I was passing. as Chase would not do it. I took off my up several quarts of it and then went home. and put it into a pillow-case." said Joe. and believed there never was any such book." said he. says I. that had been and tied . of clapboards. was as he predicted. and greeted me. he made a box himself. He day.

that SS ' I certify.22 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF of me. personally above-named Peter Ingersoll. and. Joseph put it It into his hat. Judge of Wayne County Court THE AFFIDAVIT OF WILLARD CHASE. he promptly gave me the fifty. said he. to me known. and. we discovered a singularly appearing stone. Hale as security. The next morning he came to me and wished to myself. above statement. and since that time I have not been. so he immediately started off. on this gth appeared before me the day of December." said Joe. P. saw at once. "I there met that d n fool Martin Harris. and then his face into the top of his hat. 1833. While the Smiths were living at Waterloo. and he would "that it let me have for it. William visited my neighborhood. At that time. became acquainted with the Smith family. known as the authors of the Mormon Bible. "We do better there than here. New York. according to law. and he presented Mr. Wayne County. they were engaged in the money-digging business. upon my inquiry how they came on. obtain the stcne. he replied. I employed Alvin and Joseph Smith to assist me. After digging about twenty feet below the surface of the earth. in the year 1820. In the year 1822 I was engaged in digging a well. which excited my curiosity. I told him in case he could obtain assistance from no other source. and made oath. Ontario County. but I told . Joseph then went to Palmyra. we were too well known here to do much. has been said by Smith. and told him that I had a command to ask the first honest man I met - with for I fifty dollars in money." Joseph thought this sum was sufficient to bear his expenses to Pennsylvania. that he brought the stone from the There was no one in the well but well. the latter of whom is now known as the Mormon Prophet. I brought it to the top of the well. but this is false. MANCHESTER. I would let him have some money." PETER INGERSOLL. and as we were examining it. to the truth of the TH. which they I followed until the latter part of the season of 1827. alleging that he could see in it. took his notion. STATE OF NEW YORK. much in his society. 1833. BALDWIN.



you shall not have it. and informed him that in In the a certain place there was a record on plates of gold. and said. arid this he must do in the following manner: On the 22d of September. and wished to borrow the same stone. and riding a black horse with a switch tail. I told him it was of no particular worth to me. He had it in of the stone. dressed black clothes. at the time of obtaining the stone: upon which he faced me with a malignant look. and after obtaining it he must go directly away.) he might see it. "I don't care who in the devil it belongs to. But in this I was disappointed. Joseph Smith. They accordingly fitted out Joseph with a suit of black clothes and borrowed a black horse. which he did. and I told him. to my surprise. and made so much disturbance among the credu- ordered the stone to be rehis possession about two I believe. he might take it. In the fall of 1826. related to the following story: "That some years ago. a spirit had appeared to Joseph his son. "You cannot I have it. unsealed. he must repair to the place in where was deposited this manuscript. that I turned to me again. and wished to see that stone. 1827. (a distance of about half a mile. for he disregarded both his word and honor. Joseph Smith) came to me. and took the stone. to publish abroad what wonders he could discover by began looking in it. Hiram Smith (brother of years. and that he was the person that must obtain them. and so near the top of the ground that he could (3) . and neither lay it down nor look behind him. But. on going to Smith's. as he had a profession of religion. did not wish to part with it.THE BOOK OP MORMON him I 23 curiosity. in a vision. and asking him for the stone.. and demand the book in a certain name. if he would go with me to Smith's. he but would lend it. about which so much had been said. and if he would pledge me his word and honor that I should have it when called for." me month of June. Sen. alleging that they wanted to accomplish some business of importance. a friend called upon me. made thought I could rely on his word at this time. on account of its being a After obtaining the stone. place of deposit He repaired to the and demanded the book which was in a stone box. but merely wished to keep it as a curiosity. some time in 1825. repeated to him the promise he made me." I told him it belonged to me. which could not very well be done without the aid lous part of the community. he said.

he said. was brother. and who was to Joseph Smith. to make known these things to him. and turning sent dead. but was hindered. in just one year. and knocked him three or four rods and hurt him prodigiously. to which the spirit made reply. but fearing some one might discover where he got it. and see if there was not a large pair of specs with the plates. The spirit then commanded him to come again. Lawrence asked him if he had ever discovered anything with the plates of gold. and he said that he was see one end of it. to his surprise there was no book in sight. On asking who might be the man. and in it saw the book. took out the book of gold. Before the expiration of the year. nor had he told him . Not long after this Joseph altered his mind.24 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF He again round. and bring with you your oldest This spirit. He saw in the box something like a toad which soon assumed the appearance of a man. which the old man said was an accidental providence! Joseph went one year from that day. he again stooped down and strove to take the book." He then inquired when he could have them. as it would make a great disturbance in the neighborhood. he laid it down to place back the top stone as he found it. he then asked him to look He in his stone. was not the right man. he inquired why he could not obtain the plates. the same with alluded to by the which Joseph says he translated the Book of Mormon. when the spirit struck him again. and struck him on the side of his head. he was answered that he would know him when he saw him. and you shall have them. his oldest brother died. Joseph believed that one Samuel T. to demand the book. and said L. After recovering from his fright. he told him to look again. he said no. and attempted to take it out. Not being discouraged at trifles. Lawrence was the man spirit. "Because you have not obeyed your orders. and said there was nothing. looked. Lawrence told him it would not be prudent to let these plates be seen for about two years. he looked and soon saw a pair of spectacles. and was answered thus i Come one year from this day. and raising it up. the spirit of the prophet who wrote this book. opened the box. in Manchester. and went with him to a singular looking hill. and bring a man with him. and showed him where the treasure was. and the spirit inquired for his brother. to see if there was anything with them.

the following plan. Lawrence was induced years. sylvania. the girl's parents being opposed to the match. a very rich mine of silver. . although he was asked to do it but could not well get rid of it as he was in his company. and went off with her and was married. to procure the fair one of his choice. on the bank of the Susquehanna River. his place of residence. L. whom he wished to marry. and get recommendations. by the name of Stowel and told him that he had discovered on the bank of Black River. and that they could load it into boats and take it down the river to Philadelphia. he took advantage of the opportunity. high-water mark. Joseph's next move was to get married. a cave. which succeeded very well . but found nothing. 25 About this time he went to Harmony in Pennand formed an acquaintance with a young lady by the name of Emma Hale. and made search. in which he had found a bar of gold. That he could not get it He went get back to Manchester. soon found that Joseph was out of money. By these grave and to believe something in fair promises for his pains an<d returned home lighter than he went. Y. and had to bear his expenses on the way. L. discovered in Pennsylvania. he now set his wits to work how he should raise money. but being destitute of means. When they got to Pennsylvania. as related to me by Lawrence himself. and if you do not find it so when we get there. and a recommendation to his girl. and he and Joseph went to the river. and about three or four feet long. for I have been there and seen it with mine own eyes. said he. He went to Lawrence with the following That he had story.. which he did. and if he would go there with him. as they happened to be from home. -In the fall of 1826 he wanted to go to Pennsylvania to be married. he set his wits at work upon to an honest old Dutchman. being how he should he hit still destitute of money. he might have a share in the profits that it was near . in the village of Watertown. Thus Lawrence had his trouble it. while Joseph had got his expenses borne. as big as his leg.. N. Jefferson County. then wished to see the silver mine. to market. Now. Joseph wanted L. I will bind myself to be your servant for three and agreed to go with him. Lawrence then asked Joseph if he was not deceiving him. no.THE BOOK OF MORMON the right place. to recommend him to Miss H.

as he must have a chest to lock the book in. I would lock it up for him. hill. and take a chisel and mallet and get the one end. which contained the book. Mr. and returned home. and went home then went to the town of it He ten days. that if I would make the chest he would give me a share in the book. but if he would bring the book to me. he . A few weeks after this conversation he came to my house. he said he then took the book out of the ground. he arose early in the morning and took a one-horse wagon. together with his wife. I saw him a few days after when he told me that I must make the chest. and with less Stowel moved him. . the prophet me to make him a chest. and hid it in a tree top. N. twelve men said they had seen it. they it. at the same time. requested signed to In the forepart of September. as he was commanded to keep it two years. commandment. as soon as he took it out of the ground. he did not keep. After about having been suggested that some one had got his book. upon which he told me that I could have no share in the book. He said that would not do. would go together. I told him my business was such that I could rot make it.) 1827. (I believe. and related the following story: That on the 22d of September. short time after their arrival. on account of its being would move him to Manchester. He by the road. without his gold book. that would not do.26 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP fast at out alone. a distance of thirty or forty rods from the road. . Stowel was then obliged to return without any gold. I told him plainly that I could not. however. for in less than two I told him to get it years. but he calmly replied that he would not go. move back leave or license hill . and I would make him a chest but he said. and expecting soon to get wanted a chest to lock it up. and Stowel should share A minded Joseph of his promise. and convince me of its existence. informing me that he de- to Pennsylvania. giving me to understand. his wife went after him he hired a horse.. without This letting it come to the eye of any one but himself. Stowel re- money than he came. at Manchester. and if he Y. because his wife was now among strangers. of some one that had staid over night at their house. Macedon to work. and went alone to the and. . prize with him. repaired to the left his wife in the wagon. and would be very lonesome if he went away.

1830. were now put to the task to contrive how he should. he determined to go back to His wits Pennsylvania. he told me that I should not have it. In April. He then observed that if it had not been for that stone. June following. I again asked Hiram for the stone which he had borrowed of me. He said he should think it would weigh sixty pounds. by the by.get money to bear his expenses. wrapt it round it. I reminded him of his promise and that he had pledged his honor to return it. he said he was attacked by two men in the woods. saying the stone was not mine nor never was. (which he acknowledged belonged to me.THE BOOK OF MORMON 27 in the afternoon. and having a gold breast plate on. After I had extricated myself from him. and was sure it would weigh forty. he told one of my neighbors that he had not got any such book. put it under his arm and ran all the way home. Then. On his return home. whose name was Martin Harris. took me by the collar and said I was a liar." Martin being naturally a credulous man. Harris at the same time flew in a rage. and knocked them both down and made his escape. hands Joseph the money. to avoid what he called persecution. nor never had such an one.) he would not have obtained the book. reported that the prophet's wife. but that he had told the story to deceive the d d fool. A few days afterwards. took off his frock. arrived safe and secured his treasure. however. said he. and addressed him thus "I have a commandment from God to ask the first man : I meet in the street to give me fifty dollars to assist me in doing the work of the Lord by translating the golden Bible. staid long enough to drink one cup of tea. but he gave me the lie. (meaning me. This. and on his return to Palmyra.) to His neighbors having become disget him to make a chest. and he could prove it by twelve witnesses. found it safe. for Joseph made use of it in translating his Bible. Hiram in a rage shook his fist at me and abused me in a most . a distance of about two miles. He met one day in the streets of Palmyra a rich man. walking through the streets of Palmyra with a gold Bible under his arm. and then went for his book. would be delivered of a male in the month of. In the spring of 1829 Harris went to Pennsylvania. Jr. child that would be able when two years old to translate the golden Bible. and a gold sword hanging by his side.. gusted with his foolish stories. you will see Joseph Smith. proved false.

and made oath that the foregoing statement to which he has subscribed his name. there were deposited keys. William Stafford.28 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF Thus I might proceed in describing the scandalous manner. disturbing the WILLARD CHASE. They did not hesitate to abuse any man. Justice of the Peace of Wayne County. yet their creditors were glad to have them do so. 1833. that in such a place. Sen. They lived. A great part of their time was devoted to digging for I. MANCHESTER. in pest to society.. Dec. and his family. in Palmyra. N. according to his FRED'K SMITH. THE AFFIDAVIT OF WILLIAM STAFFORD.. known to the world as the founders of the Mormon sect. is wholly true. 1833. best recollection and belief. Jr. respecting the discoveries they had made in their peculiar occupation of money-digging. thus far. having been called upon to give a true statement of my knowledge. their conduct was more disgraceful than before. Ontario County. What I have stated relative to the characters of these individuals. about one mile and a half from my residence. when they said the money could be the most easily obtained. in the year 1820. 8. the said Willard Chase appeared before me. Their tongues were continually employed in spreading scandal and abuse. from the time I first became acquainted with him until he left this part of the country. Y. neighborhood. character of these high priests by relating one transaction after another. What I upon. on a certain man's farm. rather than to have them stay. in such a hill. at that time. barrels and hogsheads of coined . On the nth December. is true. money: especially in the night time. have said respecting the character of these men. no matter how fair his character. I have heard them tell marvellous tales.: as a I have regarded Joseph Smith. concerning the character and conduct of the family of Smiths. for instance. do say. as a man whose word could not be depended Hiram's character was but very little better. provided he did not embrace their creed. After they became thorough Mormons. viz.. which would all tend to set them in the same light which they were regarded by their neighbors. They would say. Although they left this part of ttye country without paying their just debts. that I first became acquainted with Joseph. will apply to the whole family.

were thrown up by human hands.. would say. He . also. a circle. could see. lest we should arouse the evil spirit who had the charge of these treasures. Within this circle he made another. by signs and motions. and went to the house to inquire of young Joseph the cause of our disappointment He soon returned. said he. Sen. this last circle.. measure. taining these treasures. the old man. which Joseph. and told me.&. of deposit. whose charge these treasures were. in a great on the state of the moon.. large gold bars and silver plates.. that Joseph. at which time they pretended he could see all things within and under the earth. of about eight or ten feet in walked around three times on the periphery of muttering to himself something which I could not understand. I at length accepted of them in their nocturnal excursions. &. be obtained very easily. Sen. feet in Joseph. golden images. that he could also discover the spirits in clothed in ancient dress. the obtaining of them was The facility of approaching them. Joseph Smith. He next stuck a steel rod in the center of the circles. that he could see within the above-mentioned caves. f rst made diameter'. being prompted by curiosity. twelve or fourteen contains the treasure. and early in the evening repaired to the place . some feet under the surface of the earth and that none others but the elder Joseph and myself could get them. After we had dug a trench about five feet in depth around the rod. not many rods from his house. for the purpose of keeping off the evil spirits. I will now relate a few incidents attending these excursions. two or three kegs of gold and silver. came to me one night. to join However. and said. their invitations. these treasures could at others. around the said circle. Jr. in such a manner as to exclude all light. New moon and good Friday. At certain times. difficult. were regarded as the most favorable times for obThese tales I regarded as visionary. Jr. and then enjoined profound silence upon us. brass kettles filled They gold candlesticks. that Joseph had remained all this time in the house. that nearly all the hills in this part of New York. depended. and had seen. swords. asked leave of absence. This circle. He then stuck in the ground a row of witch-hazel sticks. and in them were large caves. I accordingly consented to go. by placing a stone of singular appearance in his hat. with gold and gold and silver. looking in diameter. I believe. had been looking in his glass.THE BOOK OF MORMON silver 29 bars of gold.

his stone

the spirit

and watching the motions of the evil spirit that he come up to the ring, and as soon as it beheld the cone which we had formed around the rod, it caused the money to sink. We then went into the house, and the old man observed, that we had made a mistake in the commencement of the operation if it had not been for that, said he. we should have got the money. At another time, they devised a scheme, by which they might satiate their hunger with the mutton of one of my sheep. They had seen in my flock of sheep, a large, fat, black wether. Old Joseph and one of the boys came to me one day, and said that Joseph, Jr., had discovered some very remarkable and valuable treasures, which could be procured only in one way. That way was as follows: That a black sheep should be taken on to the ground where the treasures were concealed that after cutting This its throat, it should be led around a circle while bleeding. being done, the wrath of the evil spirit would be appeased: the treasures could then be obtained, and my share of them was to be fourfold. To gratify my curiosity, I let them have a large fat sheep. They afterwards informed me that the sheep was killed pursuant to commandment but as there was some mistake





in the process,


did not have the desired effect.


only time they ever

made money-digging

This, I believe, a profitable


They, however, had around them constantly a worth-

it was to dig money nights, and who, day times, had more to do with mutton than money. When they found that the people of this vicinity would no longer put any faith in their schemes for digging money, they then pretended to find a Gold Bible, of which, they said, the Book of Mormon was only an introduction. This latter book was at length fitted for the press. No means were taken by any individual to suppress its publication no one apprehended any danger from a book, originating with individuals who had The two Josephs and neither influence, honesty or honor.

gang, whose employment


Hiram, promised to show me the plates, after the Book of Mormon was translated. But, afterwards, they pretended to have received an express commandment, forbidding them to show the plates. Respecting the manner of receiving and translating the Book of Mormon, their statements were always discordant. The elder Joseph would say that he had seen the



and that he knew them to be gold; at other times he would say that they looked like gold and other times he would say that he had not seen the plates at all. I have thus briefly stated a few of the facts, in relation to the conduct and char;

acter of


stated without




Smiths; probably sufficient has been WILLIAM STAFFORD. going into detail. YORK, |
family of






I certify, that on this gth day of December, 1833, personally appeared before me William Stafford, to me known, and made oath to the truth of the above statement, and signed the same.

TH. P. BALDWIN, Judge of Wayne County Court

I first



20, 1834.

became acquainted with Joseph Smith, Jr., in NovemHe was at that time in the employ of a set of men ber, 1825. who were called "money-diggers"; and his occupation was that of seeing, or pretending to see by means of a stone placed in In this way he prehis hat, and his hat closed over his face. tended to discover minerals and hidden treasure. His appearance at his time, was that of a careless young man not very well educated, and very saucy and insolent to his father. Smith, and his father, with several other "money-diggers," boarded at my house while they were employed in digging for a mine that they supposed /had been opened and worked by the Spaniards, many years since. Young Smith gave the "money-diggers" great encouragement, at first, but when they had arrived in digging, to near the place where he had stated an immense treasure would be found he said the enchantment was so powerful that he could not see. They then became discouraged, and soon after dispersed. This took place about the I7th of November, 1825; and one of the company gave me his note for $12.68 for his board, which is still unpaid. After these occurrences, young Smith made several visits at my house, and at length asked my consent to his marrying my daughter Emma. This I refused, and gave my reasons for so doing; some of which were, that he was a stranger, and followed a business that I could not approve he then left the place.



Not long after this, he returned, and while I was absent from home, carried off my daughter into the state of New York, where they were married without my approbation or consent. After they had arrived at Palmyra, N. Y., Emma wrote to me inquiring whether she could take her property, consisting of
I replied that her property was furniture, cows, &. safe and at her disposal. In a short time they returned, bring-


ing with them a Peter Ingersoll, and subsequently came to the conclusion that they would move out, and reside upon a place




Smith stated to me, that he had given up what he called "glass-looking," and that he expected to work hard for a living, and was willing to do so. He also made arrangements with my son Alva Hale, to go to Palmyra, and move his (Smith's) He then returned to Palmyra, and furniture, &, to his place. soon after, Alva, agreeable to the arrangement, went up and returned with Smith and his family. Soon after this, I was informed they had brought a wonderful Book of Plates down with them. I was shown a box in which it is said they were contained, which had, to all appearances, been used as a glass box of the common window glass. I was allowed to feel the weight of the box, and they gave me to understand, that the Book of Plates was then in the box into which, however, I

was not allowed

to look.


inquired of Joseph Smith, would be allowed to see the

who was to be the first Book of Plates? He said it

was a young child. After this, I became dissatisfied, and informed him that if there was anything in my house of that description, which I could not be allowed to see, he must take After that, it away; if he did not, I was determined to see it.
the plates were said to be hid in the woods.

About this time, Martin Harris made his appearance upon the stage; and Smith began to interpret the characters or hieroglyphics which he said were engraven upon the plates, while
Harris wrote down the interpretation. It was said, that Harris wrote down one hundred and sixteen pages, and lost them. Soon after this happened, Martin Harris informed me that he must have a greater witness, and said that he had talked with Joseph about it Joseph informed him that he could not or durst not show him the plates, but that he (Joseph) would go

into the


woods where the Book of Plates was, and that after he came back, Harris should follow his track in the snow, and Harris informed find the Book, and examine it for himself.

me afterwards, that he followed Smith's directions, and could not find the plates, and was still dissatisfied.
The next day after this happened, I went to the house where Joseph Smith, Jr., lived, and where he and Harris were engaged
Each of them had a written were comparing, and some of the words were "my servant seeketh a greater witness, but no greater witness can be given him." There was also something said about "three that were to see the thing" meaning, I supposed, the Book of Plates, and that "*/ the three did not go exactly according to the orders, the thing would be taken from them" I inquired whose words they were, and was informed by Joseph or Emma, (I rather think it was the former,) that they were the words of Jesus Christ. I told them, that I considered the whole of it a delusion, and advised them to abandon it. The manner in which he pretended to read and interpret, was the same as when he looked for the money-diggers, with the stone in his hat, and his hat over his face, while the Book of Plates was at the same time hid in the woods! After this, Martin Harris went away, and Oliver Cowdery came and wrote for Smith while he interpreted as above described. This is the same Oliver Cowdery, whose name may be found in the Book of Mormon. Cowdery continued a scribe for Smith until t/he Book of Mormon was completed, as I supposed and understood. Joseph Smith, Jr., resided near me for some time after this, and I had a good opportunity of becoming acquainted with him, and somewhat acquainted with his associates, and I conscientiously believe from the facts I have detailed, and from many other circumstances, which I do not deem it necessary to relate, that the whole Book of Mormon (so called) is a silly fabrication of falsehood and wickedness, got up for speculation, and with a design to dupe the credulous and unwary and in order
in the translation of their book.

piece of paper which they


its fabricators may live upon the spoils of those who swallow the deception. ISAAC HALE. Affirmed to and subscribed before me, March 20, 1834. CHARLES DIMON, J. Peace.

were in particular considered entirely destitute of moral character and addicted to vicious their habits' Martin Harris was a man who had acquired a handsome property. posed that any of them were possessed of sufficient character or influence to make any one believe their book or their sentivisionary. do certify that we have been years personally acquainted with Isaac Hale. And . THE STATEMENT OF FIFTY-ONE CITIZENS OF PALMYRA. that we consider moral character. We. spent much of their time in digging for money which they pretended was hid in the earth. Witness our hands. and that he is a man of excellent moral character. large excavations may be seen in the earth. another. PALMYRA. 1834. while they resided near this and we have no hesitation in saying. 1833. the undersigned. They were particularly famous for visionary projects. associate Judges of the Court of Comand for said county. MARCH 21. were very visionary and most of them destitute of moral character. Senior. and in matters of business his word was considered good. J We. and to this day. and without influence in this community. but on moral and religious subjects. December 4. which ought to entitle to the confidence of any community. and his son Joseph. of Harmony township in this county. we are compelled to say. Joseph Smith. where they used to spend them them destitute of that time in digging for hidden treasures. WILLIAM THOMPSON.34 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF ' STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. that have embraced Mormonism from this neighborhood. and this may account why they were permitted It was not supto go on with their impositions undisturbed. have been acquainted with the Smith for a number of years. DAVIS DIMOCK. not far from their residence. family place. NEW YORK. who has attested the foregoing statement. and undoubted veracity. he was perfectly sometimes advocating one sentiment. in the subscribers. and sometimes in reference to all with whom we were acquainted. | SS Susquehanna County. mon many Pleas.

3. November 1833. C. state: that they were not only a lazy.. (Signed by fifty-one citizens of Palmyra. C. indolent set was not to be of men. Indeed. the Mor- mons have never made them. one Rev. New York.THE BOOK OF MORMON ments. so-called. and added a number to their faith. MANCHESTER. and that we are truly glad to dispense with their society. New York. notwithdamaging charges and the fact that they a successful attempt to refute am able to learn. the Reorganized Mormon Church became active in Cadillac. and published them in in 1 Howe's book was republished Mormonism. Michigan. through a brother minister. Dan ford Booth. at all has ever Rev. NEW We. and 35 we know not of a single individual in this vicinity that puts the least confidence in their pretended revelations. in Bennett's "Mormonism Exposed. so far as I been made to clear the reputation of Joseph Smith from tfye charges made against him by his old neighbors. In the year 1880. the undersigned. Orrin Reed and William Bryant. Marsh. subsequently. and this ended in ignominious failure. YORK.) THE STATEMENT OF ELEVEN CITIZENS OF MANCHESTER." 1840 under the title of "History of ." of I 1834. New York. and their word depended upon.* and. To counteract their influence. Wexford County. with whom the celebrated Gold Bible. but one effort have been before the public for eighty years. being personally acquainted with the family of Joseph Smith. (Signed by eleven citizens of Manchester.) first The foregoing published in affidavits and statements were Howe's "Mormonism Unveiled. Yet. secured the statements of three of the old neighbors of the Smiths. from which standing their have copied them. A. Thorne. originated. of Manchester. Sen." of 1842. but also intemperate. relative to their poor reputation.

for June I. These statements are as follows I knew Joe Smith. while Mr. saw him frequently. of Piano. personally to some extent. returning. and. but did not He was associate with them. it must be conceded that. in the moral and social scale than was During the interview with Mr. for they There was no truth in them. he was a lazy. and loose in his habits in every way. 1880. Smith's I was acquainted with Oliver Cowdery. is this gentleman said to have denied being personally acquainted with the Smiths. Mr. concealed their identity. and the following spring two of their elders went to New York. While these purported interIllinois. Thorne on the subject of Mormonism in which he made the statements as published in the Cadillac News. Danford Booth. interviewed the individuals mentioned. a low pettifogger. Their aim was to get in where they could get property. these individuals stood somewhat higher before believed. This aroused the Mormons to action. Smith had no regular business. 1881. reputation was bad. Booth is said to have stated that he knew nothing of the Smiths or their character. the cat's-paw of the Smiths to do their dirty work. with others. published the interviews in the issue of the Saints' Herald. Bryant. Bryant. but stated that they were considered a shiftless set and that Joseph had the reputation of being a liar. Mr. views do not entirely remove the traditional stigma from the character of Smith and his associates. Wm.36 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF News : the Cadillac of April 6. were too low to associate with. Orrin Reed. knew well his reputation. drinking fellow. Reed is also said to have stated that he did not know the Smiths and that he had not given a statement to Thorne for pub- . They broke up homes in that way. I knew the Smiths. and to have denied that he ever had any interview with Rev. if they were correct. He had frequent revelations.

He has read also in a paper called the Saints' Herald. two of the parties mentioned. 1881. county of N. an old neighbor of Smiths. being duly affirmed. respecting "Cowdery and the Smith family" over the signature of The interview therein mentioned between deC. 341-378.THE BOOK OF MORMON 37 These purported interviews have been repeatlication. Danford Booth. COLE. came out with : which they affirmed that they had been grossly Their affidavits follow misrepresented. H.P. Y. deposes: His age is 77. was born in the town of Farmington. But this effort to relieve the reputation of Smith from the stains that had been placed upon it. edly published as an answer to the affidavits and state1 ments heretofore given. and a letter of Rev. Thorne. Mr. in which it is stated that deponent informed said parties that deponent and Thorne never had an as alleged by Thorne. a The county clerk of Ontario County. 101-104. of the township of Manchester. were so stated by deponent to Thorne.. ." pp. (Signed) DANFORD BOOTH. Sworn Orrin Ontario. informs me that the these affidavits. The matters therein set ponent and Thorne did take place forth. Dan ford Booth and Orrin Reed. 1880. (Signed) N. Y. Thorne. H. about four miles from He 1 They may be found in the "Braden-Kelley Debate." pp. to and subscribed before me. Gilbert. N. Reed. and that he has no recollection of such a question being asked him by them. ended in bitter defeat.. of the town of Manchester and county of Ontario. Deponent deinterview clares that he did not so inform said parties. being duly affirmed. of June ist. Kelley and another party and the deponent. another affi- who was davits. alleged to have been stated by the deponent to Thorne. J. Within six weeks from the time of the publication of these purported interviews. New York. an article purporting to give what was said in an interview between W. July ist. K. deposes: He has read the article in the Cadillac Weekly News of April 6th. 1881. in 2 interviewed. are now on file in the clerk's office at Canandaigua. with J. with an affidavit of Samantha Payne. C. and "From Palmyra to Independence.

C. (Signed) M. July I2th." He has read an article published in the Cadillac 1880. June 2pth. reside^ and three-fourths of a mile from "Mormon what called "Mormon in he has resided the Hill. 1881. (Signed) N. Wayne county. N. Gilbert. The matters therein set forth and alleged to have been stated by deponent to Thorne were so stated by deponent. Reed and Gilbert plainly refute the only attempt that Mormonism has ever made to secure from the old citizens of Palmyra and Manchester testimonies favorable to the Smiths and their followers. The deponent believes that such misrepresentation was done designedly. News of April 6th. COLE. C. the deponent on Mormonism. being duly sworn.38 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF is Hill. to Sworn and subscribed before me. K. 1881. purporting to give an interview with John H. J. (Signed) JOHN H. Affirmed and subscribed before me. the deponent is grossly misrepresented in almost every particular. of Mormon notoriety. J. Thome. FINLEY. Kelley. The affidavits of Booth.P. of the town of Palmyra. respecting "Cowdery and the Smith family. Y.." During the last forty-six years town of Manchester.P. The pretended answers to the questions that the deponent did answer. 111.. 1881. and in the same school district in which Joseph Smith and family. June ist. deposes: That in the article published in the Saints' Herald. (Signed) ORRIN REED. are totally at variance with the answers that the deponent really gave. . H." over the signature of C. at the time and in the manner stated in said published article. and so leave their reputation about where it was before. GILBERT. Words are put in the mouth of the deponent that he never uttered. at Piano. over the signature of W.

THE BOOK OF MORMON 3 CHAPTER The Three Witnesses to the III. the sword of Laban. I say unto you. seen them. as follows: Behold. Before these witnesses were permitted to view the plates. Jr. even as my servant Joseph Smith. may by your faith that that faith which not be destroyed. Seneca County. with the possible exception of a few pages. And after that you have obtained faith.. you shall have a view of the plates. Jr. and it to face. Cowdery was probably above the ordinary in this respect and was a ready scribe. even by was had by the prophets of old. that I may bring about my righteous purposes unto the children of men. because of which he was chosen by Smith as his amanuensis and copied from his lips the entire Book of Mormon. in this work. is you shall obtain a view of them. Whitmer and Harris possessed inferior educations. which were given to the brother of Jared upon the mount. New York. Martin Harris and Oliver CowWhitmer was an ordinary farmer of Fayette. The three special witnesses to the Book of Mormon were David Whitmer. and have seen them with your eyes. the Lord spoke to them through Joseph. (4) . when he talked with the Lord face and the miraculous directors which were given to Lehi while in the wilderness. by the power of God. and also of the breastplate. the Urim and Thummim. and this you shall do that my servant Joseph Smith. and Cowdery was a wandering schoolmaster. as we now have it. with full purpose of heart. you shall testify of them. which if you do. Harris was a well-to-do farmer of Palmyra. dery. And ye shall testify that you have. on the borders of the Red Sea. Book of Mormon David Whitmer Martin Harris Oliver Cowdery. that you must rely upon my word..

Pennsylvania. Ohio. and as your Lord and your God liveth it is true. for it is by my power that he has seen them. these men published the testimony already given. while Cow- dery. in which they affirmed that an angel of God had shown them the plates and that the voice of God had declared that the translation was His gift and by His power. Shortly after this. Subsequent to this. made certain assertions to his relatives and acquaintances which go to show that with him Mormonism was only a cold-blooded money proposition . in 1839. he was baptized . 15. in the same month. where Smith and Cowdery were at work upon the translation. in 1840 or 1841. Doctrine and Covenants. when he went to Harmony. In reference to this testimony. The last explanation of the part played by the three witnesses in the genesis of Mormonism I believe to be the true one. at the beginning of the Mormon move- ment. for. in Fayette. even that part which I have commanded him. or they were themselves deceived. published a full recantation and. it is because he had faith. became a member of the Methodist Protestant Church of Tiffin.40 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF and has seen them. and he has translated the book. Sec. serving it later in the capacity of clerk and Sunday-school superintendent. 1829. DAVID WHITMER. The first connection of David Whitmer with Mormonism was in June. New York. while Whitmer stubbornly maintained the truthfulness of his testimony up to the very time of his death. or their testimony is part of a grand deception of which they were among the prime movers. Harris. one of three things is true: they either actually saw the plates and what they described concerning them really occurred. Peter Whitmer. and brought them back to the home of his father.

undoubtedly." To he did not then the end. : now. 1838. 1888. therefore. Whitmer. of Polo. He says: "It is all a mistake about the church being organized on April 6.THE BOOK OF MORMON 41 by Joseph in Seneca Lake and was ordained an elder. where he lived until his death. as I will show. After this he settled at Richmond. that I. Those who know me best. as one o/f the three witnesses. denied my testimony as one of the three witnesses to the "Book of Mormon. unto Whom These Presents Shall Come: It having been represented by one John Murphy. Missouri. p. . Mo. he removed to Kirtland and subsequently to Missouri. I do again affirm the truth of all of my statements. And 1 that no one may be deceived or misled by this state- Whitmer. And that no man may be misled or doubt my present views in regard to the same." fully organized spiritually Address to All Believers in Christ. adhered to the very last. in the later years of his life. In 1831.* he became one of its charter members. to his testimony up In a statement issued March 19. in the very sunset of life. if and that the world may know the truth. Kindred. 1830. "He that hath an ear to hear let him hear. and he that readeth let him ! understand.. once for all to make this public statement That I have never at any time denied that testimony or any part thereof. as then made and published. which has so long since been published with that Book. standing as it were. in a conversation with him last summer. Caldwell County. that he may understand me now. where he was cut off from the church April 13." it was no delusion What is written is written. 33. Tongues and People. with the larger part of the church in New York. well know that I have always adhered to that testimony. 1881. denied that the church was founded on April 6. he says: Unto All Nations. and in the fear of God. 1830. and when the Mormon Church was organized at his father's house on April 6. I wish . We were as before April 6th as we were on that day. 1830. January 25.

for as the wife takes the name of her husband so should the church of the Lamb of God take the name of its head. God my in whom I trust being my judge as to the motives and the faith and hope that is in me of plain sincere desire is that the world may be benefitted by this and simple statement of the truth. And if any man doubt should he not carefully and honestly read and understand the same. before presuming to sit in judgment and condemning the light which shineth in darkness. " the soFinally. for submit this statement to the world. Mo. It is of man and not of God.43 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP I ment. I am the life. this too after the order of Melchisedec. a great evil. wish here to state: that It is I spiritual wifeism. My To cate: this statement is subjoined the following certifi- We. As to the High Priesthood. Jesus Christ himself is the last Great High Priest. D. because practiced in the name of religion. the undersigned citizens of Richmond. which is one God. and showeth the way of eternal life as pointed out by the unerring hand of God.. certify that we have been long and intimately acquainted with him and know him to be a man of the highest integrity. and the more so. 1881. where David Whitmer has resided since the year A. of Latter Day Saints. and is especially forbidden in the Book of Mormon I itself. In the spirit of Christ I who hath said. the light and the way. Amen. It is the Church of Christ.. for the same gospel I is plainly taught in both of these books as understand the word of God. as I understand the Holy Scriptures. Ray County. do not endorse the change of the name of the church. Ghost. RICHMOND. the Son and the Holy DAVID WHITMER. as taught in the Bible and Book of Mormon. which are in conflict with the gospel of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. And all the honor be to the Father." "Follow thou me. I do not endorse any of the teachings c called Mormons. sincerity of eternal life. even Christ himself. March 19. Mo. 1838. and of . do not endorse polygamy or shocking to the moral sense.

Geo. D. Wasson. Mayor. C. T. Recorder of Deeds. Alexander 19. Merchant. Attorney-at-law. James Hughes. P. was we hear of Martin Harris in connection in the fall of 1827. to his original testimony up to the time of his death : he may and may himself have been the victim of deception have honestly believed that he saw the plates. Furniture Merchant. W. Hughes. AttorThos. Doniphan. Garner. Lewis Slaughter. R. D. ney-at-law. Huges. J. Richmond. Geo. Quisenberry. evidently. he may have preferred to die with the world believing that he was deceived rather than with it believing that he was a de- ceiver. of and them were adherents of Mormon faith. Probate Judge and Presiding Clerk. Hon. Banker. Hon. A. this March W. ex-Sheriff Ray County. with Mormonism. established that the In view of the overwhelming evidences which clearly Book of Mormon is a fraud. J. A. L. Judge of the Fifth Judicial Circuit. K. Jas. Mo.D. MARTIN HARRIS. J. A. not ac- cepted even by those veracity. he . Thos. In the month of February. 1881. W. Black. when he gave dollars to enable him to remove from ManJoseph fifty chester to the home of his wife's parents in Harmony. the who if certified to his integrity any. S. Mosby. W. Postmaster. In either case his story was. M. P.THE BOOK OF MORMON undoubted truth and veracity Given at 43 Richmond. Holman. Child. being fully cognizant of the imposture. Cashier of Ray Co. W. County W. I. Banker. President of Ray Co. County Collector. A. Richmond.D. Woodson. H. two explanations may be given of the adherence of David Whit- mer first. Richmond. or. C Justice of Ray County Court. W. Savings Bank. Trigg. McGinnis. Cantwell. for but few. Holman. editor of Conservator. Geo. Dunn. The first that Pennsylvania. Buchanan. Whitmer. Gen. James W. Savings Bank. W. D. Reyburn. Geo.. County Treasurer. J. Davis. M. following. C.

also. Emerson. lectured against Mormonism both in this country and in 3. though probably not entirely. arranged acters came going to Harmony. He was baptized in April. of New York City. In reply I will say concerning I do say that the angel did show to me the plates containing the Book of Mormon. 1 England. He was subsequently cut off. but later became somewhat. where he died. He then returned home." p. obtained a transcript of the charon the plates and took them to Professor Anthon. reconciled to the church. but adhered to it up to the time of his death. Ohio. April 12. Further. 1830. 1870. the translation that I carried to Professor Anthon was copied from these same plates. continuing as his scribe until he lost the 116 pages of manuscript. Elder Charles Derry. . Utah. It is in July. Emerson. at Smithfield. As proof of the following letters to H. and other works). B. he left Kirtland for Missouri. New SMITHFIELD. at Independence. lecturing in England. Mr. and removed with the church to Kirtland. where he was present at the dedication of the Temple lot. the Josephite. 1870. 23. of Richmond. August his business. 1 do firmly believe and do know that Joseph Smith I know he could not have The proof of Harris lecturing against sometimes denied. 106. 1828.44 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF to Harmony. says that he went there not to oppose Mormonism in general. and. began to write for Joseph. but only the pretensions This is Mormonism of Brigham Young ("Joseph the Seer. with Joseph Smith and other elders. In June of the same year. after which he 1831. and removed to Utah in August. 1875. SIR: I the plates. for without. claimed that Harris never denied his testimony. Ohio. as to his published in the Mormon papers after his apostasy. received your favor. when he was deposed. Nov. I was a prophet of God. are submitted: this. Cache County. in 1831. in this country is to be found in the charges to that effect While. that the professor did testify to it being a correct translation.

With many and have been. In the you require I it. if you can rely on my testimony of the same. dated December. since I arrived. SMITHFIELD. and confirmed the same with signs Answer. generally speaking. To H.. Utah. can say that I arrived in Utah safe. nor the organization of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints. in good health I am quite well at considering the long journey. Jun. the prophet whom the Lord raised up for that purpose in these The latter days that He may show forth His power and glory. MARTIN HARRIS. respects. to write myself. present. I work has progressed. 1870.THE BOOK OF MORMON had that give. failed I I am letter. fested therein. No man any way deny the truth of the Book of Mormon. while a resident of Palmyra. came truly glad to see a spirit of inquiry manireply by a borrowed hand. Your questions: to Question "Did you go to England lecture against Mormonism ?" answer emphatically. for the am. I did not. was of a greedy disposition. I remain your humble friend. DEAR SIR: Your second duly to hand. I can one hundred witnesses to the proof of Book of Mormon. Lord has shown me these things by His Spirit. possessed an ungovernable temper. MARTIN HARRIS. I ever heard me in following. Without denying the genuineness of the foregoing letters. 1871. Cache Co. lived a questionable life and held extravagant religious views the kind of character that . Emerson. under the administration of Joseph Smith. No. I and spirits. if gift. very respectfully. neither could 45 defy any man to show me any passage not posted on or familiar with.. I now present to the reader the evidence which goes to prove that Martin Harris. as my sight has me too much i. by the administration of' holy angels. Sen. as the space of fifty-three years. January. he have translated the same. 1 will answer any question you feel like asking to the best of my knowledge. I of Scripture that am conclusion. step by step. the administration of the angel that showed me the plates.

attentive to his domestic concerns. of rage he struck me with the butt-end of a whip. was. Lucy Harris. which I think had been used for driving oxen. they knew nothing about it. About a year previous to the report being raised that Smith had found gold plates. On arriving at Mr. his unreasonable conduct.46 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF would not hesitate to sign a false statement. and was about the size of my thumb. Putnam told him never to strike or abuse me any more. and frequently said he would have no one in his house that did not believe in Mormonism. and because I would not give credit to the report he made about the gold In one of his fits plates. however. The following is a letter of his wife. who is a leading character among the Mormons. and thought to be worth about ten thousand dollars. He beat me on the head four or five times. came in the evening. His main complaint against me thing he wished. he found out that I was going to Mr. he. in Marion. and while there my flesh was black and blue in many places. At him. and in his mad-fits frequently abuses all However strange it who may dare to oppose him in may seem. and the next day turned mp ->ut of doors twice. that they had sent for him to pay them a visit. realizing that I must give an account at the bar of God for what I say. kicked and turned sufferer by different times while I lived with me out of the house. my husband. Being called upon to give a statement to the world of what I know respecting the Gold Bible speculation. and also of the conduct of Martin Harris. I have been a great his wishes. The next day I went to the town of Marion. provided it might be to his pecuniary interests to do so. 1833. he said he was going too. . Putnam's. that was always trying to hinder his making money. I do it free from prejudice. He is naturally quick in his temper. he became very intimate with the Smith family. Harris they replied. and beat me in a shameful manner. Mrs. he became more austere towards me. he then denied ever I When . and said he believed Joseph could see in his stone any After this he apparently became very sanguine in his belief. November 29. he has whipped. and three or four feet long. I asked them if they had sent for Mr. which was first published in Howe's "Mormonism Unveiled" : PALMYRA. Putnam's. Martin Harris was once industrious.

he would pretend to be going to some of the neighbors. Mr. Haggard. If his intentions ingly. but if good. as the marks of his beating me were plain to be seen. He now spends his time in traveling through the country spreading the delusion of Mormonism. while at Peter Harris's house. he has spent most of his property. the Lord will judge him accordhe did not mean to let his left hand know what his right hand did. Whether the Mormon religion be true or false. for its effects upon Martin Harris have been to make him more cross. LUCY HARRIS. to show whether I had any grounds for jealousy or not. He were evil. I leave the world to judge. as has been reported. One day. and has no regard whatever for his family. he might now be one of the wealthiest farmers in the country. Harris's being intimate with Mrs. he would go there in the manner above described. I told him he had better leave the company of the Smiths. it is but justice to myself to state what facts have come within my own observation. With regard to Mr. . carried these presents in a private manner. to which he replied: "If you would let me alone. At times when Haggard was from home. give one circumstance in proof of it. and lost the confidence of his former friends. and stay till twelve or one o'clock at night. especially if Haggard was from home. After getting out of sight of the house. on an errand. he would steer a straight course for Haggard's house. If he had labored as hard on his farm as he has to make Mormons. and frequently when he went there. accommodation. as their religion was false. and sometimes until daylight.THE BOOK OF MORMON striking *1 me. or to be going into the fields. for some time previous to lived a while in a house which he of his leisure hours store and hovfse. she was however convinced that he lied. The above statement of facts I affirm to be true. Harris was very intimate with this their going to Ohio. and remained more than two weeks. I will to me. The man now become rather an object of pity. I could make money by it. They had built for their family." It is in vain for the Mormons to deny these facts. for they are all has well known to most of his former neighbors. and here he spent the most and made her presents of articles from the . turbulent and abusive His whole object was to make money by it.

Smith denounced him 1 of August.. the "Braden-Kelley Debate. published by Howe and dated at Palmyra. swindling. you will let me alone I was both an eye and ear witness lie. Abigail Harris. as she it believed will was all false and a delusion. lying. November 28.48 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF In a statement. 173. sisterin-law of Martin. if of what has been stated above. it Harris reply: "What if make money out of is a I it!" To which I heard Mr. a while before the gold plates were found. with all kinds of debauchery. In conversation about Mormonites. as a lying and indolent set of men. but now he has given loose to all kinds of abominations. Mrs. 1833. brother of Martin. justice of the peace: Joseph Smith." p. Martin Harris and others. and no confidence could be placed in them. one of the three witnesses to the acter. Book of Mormon. Such a man was Martin Harris. used to meet together in private. and were familiarly known by the name of the "Gold Bible Company. in the Elders' Journal After Harris had apostatized. says: were In the second month following. The church exerted some restraint on him. Martin Harris and his wife at my house. I have copied this from . cheating. that he With such a char- who can doubt its or to maintain death? would scruple to sign a lie truthfulness up to the very hour of his iNot having the Elders' Journal at hand. made oath to the following statement before Jonathan Lapham. she observed that she wished her husband would quit them. Jr. Henry Harris." They were regarded by the community in which they lived. 1838 as so far beneath contempt that a notice of him would be too great a sacrifice for a gentleman to make.

says was in league with the Smiths as early as 1826. Mormonism.. Illinois. Ohio. * See "Whitmer's Address. of Tiffin. vania. Missouri. Later. David Whitmer. renouncing Mormonism. When about Vermont. and dated August 3. and I neither affirm nor deny in it.THE BOOK OF MORMON OLIVER COWDERY. of Hamilton. in March. Rut- the winter of 1828-9. when he taught school in the town Here he became acquainted with the Smiths. we have that he Lorenzo Saunders. 1838. he went to Harmony. and continued with the church up to the time of his expulAfter this he removed to Tiffin. he went to Elkhorn. Cowdery 1 did. Iowa. 8. where he was employed as a clerk in a store until 1 Cowdery was born in the town of Wells. Pennsylplates. 2 This information comes from a letter of Judge Gibson. and. where he became the celebrated scribe of Mormonism. where he practiced law. sion. while visiting his brother-in-law. He was baptized by Joseph in May. united with the Methodist Protestant Church. He died at Richmond. and did. but was cut off by death before this desire was realized. Ohio. twenty years of age. 1 However true this last statement may be. of Manchester. positive proof that Oliver renounce Mormonism. 2 The Mormons rebaptized into the 1850. Gregg. 1882. Whitmer declares that on his death-bed Cowdery charged him to be true to his testimony to the Book of Mormon. 1829. Wisconsin. to Th. he removed to the State of New York. whose letter is published in Chapter IX. where he followed his profession and became a candidate for the Legislature. and that he contemplated moving to Salt Lake. April 12. and through them learned of Joseph and the In April. . 1805. 1839. October." p. but was defeated because of his former connection with claim that in 1848 he was church at Kanesville. Oliver 49 land County. by Apostle Orson Hyde. 1829.

was tarrying on earth and exempt from death. Mormon was worthy knowing that Satan has (1) When the Church of Christ was set up by revelation. . DEAR PEOPLE OF GOD: I offer you a "Defense" which I am grieved to make. although evidence which is to be credited assures me that he has done everything he could to injure my standing. Neal. and his influence has been considerably exerted to destroy my reputation and. I pledge my veracity for the correctness of the account any deny that I have ever conspired with any. that those who seek character have been constantly encouraged by him. 1 Cowdery'i "Defense" may be obtained of R. and I was called to be Second Elder. for ten cents per copy. and whatever he had of Priesthood (about which I am beginning to doubt) also had I.. the beloved disciple.60 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF become a member of the Methodist Protestant later. There was a time when I thought myself able to prove to the satisfaction of every my man that the translator of the Book of of the appellation of a Seer and a Prophet of the Lord. but my opposers have put me to the necessity. the printing being Ohio: done at Pressley's job-office. Grayson. and so far as I my memory serves. and in which he held over me a mysterious power which even now I fail to fathom. he was called to be First Elder. but I fear I may have been deceived. The evidence it is and conclusive that deny it. will remember in the meantime. You to villify my life. or ever exerted influence to destroy the reputation of the First Elder. Church. B. Norton. I fear. and especially so fear since led his mind astray. Ky. as I had then forgotten that John. (2) But I certainly followed him too far when accepting and reiterating. that none had authority from God to administer the ordinances of the gospel. in support of this is so clear sheer folly for the Mormons to In 1839 the following "Defense in a Rehearsal of My Grounds for Separating Myself from the Latter Day Saints" * was published by Cowdery.

DEFENCE IN A Rehearsal cf My FOR Separating Myself FROM THE LATTER DAY SAINTS BY OLIVER COWDERY Second Elder o* The Church of Christ. "God doth not walk in crooked paths. Ohio. 1 sion/ in printing what is meant for the eyes knowledge of the nations of the earth. Neither doth he turn to the right hand. as wisn no man. 1839. FACSIMILE OF THE TITLE-PAGE OF COWDERY'S TRACT . Norton. to be confined alone to my permis- and Pressley's Job Office. Nor the the left neither doth he vary From that which he hath said." This Defence is not protected by a copyright.


to me unknown. which I doubt not and deny not. And you may believe without asking me to relate the particulars. and it may be classed with that revelation that some among you will remember which sent Bro. whose voice is so strikingly similar. and I as much expected that Bro. Without rehearsing too many I am things that have caused seership. and it wisdom that it should be so. whose voice. 1 who. every doubt was banished. that from his hand I received bapby the direction of the Angel of God. that. Bro. And what served to render the reflection past expression me. was. and I well remember how hard I strove to drive away the foreboding which seized me." exactly as came the Book of Mormon. where we thought. did most mysteriously resemble the voice of Elder Sidney Rigdon. yet so it is. Page and me so un- wisely to (3) Toronto with a prediction from the Lord by Urim and Thummim that we would there find a man anxious to buy him. Page and I would fulfill the revelation as that we should live. however. that he would influence the 1 This is a mild way of letting the cat out of the bag. and that neither the rage of devils nor the malice of men shall ever cause him to fall by the hand of his enemies until he has seen Christ in the flesh at his final coming. I am strongly of the opinion that Rigdon was the "angel" of Mormonism. Joseph's regard his frequent prediction that he himself shall tarry on the earth till Christ shall come in glory. as the Angel was John the Baptist. as little short of a piece of blasphemy. nothing but calmness pervaded my soul. I felt that this "dear" brother was to be in some sense. in going to Toronto. Rigdon. in the simplicity of our hearts. that it would be no easy task to describe our desolation and grief. had no part in the transactions of that day. But so great was my faith. that we were divinely commanded. Page and I did not think that God would have deceived us through "Urim and Thummim. I well return surprised remember we did not find and disappointed. . I am sure. that the First Elder had made tools of us. me to lose my faith in Bro. as it has since struck me.THE BOOK OF MORMON I 61 will be is well aware that a rehearsal of these things at this day unpleasant reading to the First Elder. the herald of this church as the Great Baptist was of Christ. (4) I never dreamed. When I afterward first heard Elder in its bitterness to tism. and had to the First Elder's copyright.

Could I have been deceived in him? I could rehearse a number of things to show either that I was then deceived. I have sometimes had seasons of skepticism. Man may lacking wisdom. I said "O Lord. for the vail was : ! . I accepted as such. Let me be led of thy Spirit. and ception. I am I am rehearsing. and that he was persecuted for the sake of the truth which he loved. Show me my duty. and honored of the Lord in being permitted. to serve as scribe during the translation of the Book of Mormon. . that the First Elder was a Seer and Prophet of God. Let thy glory lighten it. I remember his experience as he had related it to me. and committed to paper with a glad mind and happy heart and swift pen for I believed him to be the soul of honor and truth." Shall I relate what transpired? I had a message from the Most High. deceive his fellow man. These are I facts which called in question. Seer and Revelator to the Church of Latter Day Saints. for I felt a solemn awe about me. being deep in the faith. in which in men plates in sight at wonder whether the prophet and I were we would be translating from through "the U'im and Thummim" and the plates not be I did seriously our sober senses when all. how I went to God in prayer." dictated by the will of the Lord. committed to depredations upon Gentiles and the actual assassination of apostates from the church. Still. untaught in the ways of righteousness and peace. without money and without price. But I believed both in the Seer and in the "Seer Stone. giving the truth unsullied through "Urim and Thummim. deception may follow deand the children of the wicked one may seduce the unstable. and if they shall be able to establish them by evidence which can bring forward in abundance. as from the midst of eternity. although favored of God as a chosen witness to bear testimony to the divine authority of the Book of Mormon. which was done in June last and was only one of many wrong steps.52 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF Prophet." and what the First Elder announced as revelation from God. a young man who would die before he would lie. and make bright the dark everything is path for me. into the formation of a secret band at Far West. or that he has since fallen from the lofty place in which fond affection had deemed him secure.

the "First Elder" hath departed from God in giving us these things. He walketh in the vain imaginations of his heart. no Patriarch to the Church. and some of his deeds have brought shame to my heritage by the shedding of blood. He bith brought in high priests.. clothed in glory. apostles and other officers. stood before And He said: "After reproving the Latter Day Saints for their corruption and blindness in permitting their President. "The grace is given thee." And that Jesus. The Lord revealed message which Saints astray. to lead them forth into errors. thou shalt withdraw thyself from I testify when among them. 'Thus I said it saith the Lord.' not unto him. Jr. and ordered quit them after delivering the I shall ever remember this "Defense" delivers. Jr. the Redeemer instructed revelations from his own heart and plainly: "He hath given from a defiled conscience as me coming from my mouth and hath corrupted the covenant and words which I had spoken. the misery. to whose words in I have been rehearsing. nor are altered angels sent to reveal the great work of I bowed my face in shame and said God : to hypocrites. and in changing the name of the church. Prepare your hearts. which in these days. 63 parted and the Redeemer Himself. and look upon his amazing goodness to me with wonder. no "High Priesthood" save that of Christ himself." ! give it grace to bear thy message in by word of mouth. nor com- manded him. We may ." and he vanished out me "Lord I entreat thee. and my Spirit is holy and does not dwell in an unholy temple. When I had sufficiently recovered my self-possession to ask in regard to the errors into which Joseph Smith. gone astray read it. is hath even so commanded me an open vision. where I led him not. Joseph Smith. and saying unto them.. me that me to the First Elder leading the this expression of the Saviour's grace with thanksgiving. There is no "First Presidency" there. God's word is open. was taking the Saints." And he said. and wonderful to tell. when the written word sufficeth. Oh.THE BOOK OF MORMON me. to understanding. print where I fear to take of my sight. distress and evil attendant upon giving heed O ye saints of the Most High. are not in my church. and come The prophet hath erred and the people are through his error.

no longer believe that all the other churches are wrong. and may the Lord remove his judgments from you. long since. no better than Having cleared my soul by deem it necessary to write further on the subject now. with the knowledge and sanction of the First Elder. and not by our Priesthood either. Bearing this message to them is the hardest work of my although many have been the privations and fatigues which have fallen to my lot to endure for the Gospel's sake since April sth. delivering the message. The "First Elder" errs as to that The Lord has said. while a full cup of A society has been organized suffering is poured upon them. I do not by a groundless hope. 1839. Jesus has saved men in all ages and saves them now. O ye people. Amen. with that of Whitmer and others. I confess. announcing his own schemes as revelations from the Lord. preserve you in his kingdom from all evil. but a curse will surely fall upon those who draw near to God with their mouths. get right with God. 1829. and the following erence to his renunciation : poem was composed in ref- . his life. and honor him with their lips. it was freely admitted by the Mormons that he had denied his testimony to the Book of Mormon. I. And I fear he is led the idle wind or the spider's web. MARCH 3. It is disgraceful to be led by a man who does not scruple to follow his own vain imagination. among them to inflict death upon those who are deemed apostates. Get right. This. is whom I am a dark picture to spread before those I to warn. COWDERY. At this time. and crown you in Christ. that to him who knocks it shall be opened. may come and partake of the waters of life freely. pardon my plainness when have written. After Cowdery had apostatized. while their hearts are far I from him. but they will assure them of the truth of what life. and his word remains steadfast as the eternal hills. was threatened by his former brethren and he was forced to flee from Missouri to Ohio. O.54 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF The gospel has been perverted unto the "doctrines of men"! and the Saints are wandering in darkness. and whosoever will.

Cowdery never spoke of his connection with the Mormons to anybody except to me. During the time that he practiced law in Tiffin. DEAR SIR: Your note of the 1st inst. Cowdery and said that a true scholar ought to have avoided that. CowIn the following dery's partner was Judge W. were never intended to be. Or Book of Mormon word Because denied by Oliver? Or prove that Joseph Smith is false Because apostates say 'tis so?" After severing his Tiffin. of Hamilton. Without going into detail or disclosing a confided expressed to (5) . his connection with the church. 1881. Because some watches will not go? 65 To see "Or prove that Christ was not not his the Lord Because that Peter cursed and swore. I found upon my desk when I returned home this evening and I hasten to answer. and became a member 1840 or 1841 of the Methodist Protestant Church. author of "The Prophet of Palmyra. The plates were never translated and could not be. I often be dead. letter. Illinois." this gentleman says respecting the history of Cowdery at Tiffin : TIFFIN. He was the best scholar amongst them. Cowdery in settled at where he practiced law. addressed to Thomas Gregg.THE BOOK OF MORMON "Amazed with wonder! I look round most people of our day Reject the glorious gospel sound Because the simple turn away: But does it prove there is no time. and return to the state of Ohio. 5. which only provoked a gentle smile from C. We were intimate friends. Lang. What is claimed to be a translation is the "Manuscript Found" worked over by C. Once for all I desire to be strictly understood when I say to you any confidence of a friend though he This I will say that Mr. Nov. that I cannot violate came my objection to the frequent repetition of "And it pass" to Mr. Rigdon got the original at the job printing office in Pittsburgh as I have stated.. O.

who denounced him as a Mormon and made free use of C.. say as to that. as well as can now be known. I have now said about all that I feel at liberty to say on these points and hope If it may aid you I your researches. but I am sure that the doctrine of polygamy was advocated by Smith and opposed by Cowdery.66 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF I that C. lived here. This Whitmer you speak of must be the brother-in-law of Cowdery whose wife was a Whitmer. It may be true that he has the original MS. It elevated him greatly in my already high esteem. and I was surprised to hear him speak with so much kindness of a man that had so wronged him as Smith had. On his return to the office we had a long conversation on the subject. He while he lived here on that account. He would never allow any man to drag him into a conversation on the subject. Smith was killed while C. Smith made use of this opposition by Cowdery to destroy his popularity and influence. say to you that I Bible to crush his influence. C.'s certificate at the end of the Mormon word. to her. Never heard C. He immediately took the paper over to his house to read to his wife. suffered great abuse for this In the second year of his residence here he and his family attached themselves to the Methodist Protestant Church. Mrs. some in would be to write glad to learn her post subject address so as to enable all I me You have now and I the substance of remember on the which if it proves of any benefit to your enterprise (in wish you success). and proved to me more than ever the nobility of his nature. and which finally culminated in the mob that demolished Cowdery's house the night when he fled." knowledge of what became of the original. I could . Whig stumpers arid press. Then when they became rivals for the leadership. Cowdery was a Democrat and a most powerful advocate of the principles of the For this he became the target of the party on the stump. revised the "Manuscript" and of it before it became the "Book do know. Cowdery office is still living. Smith and Rigdon approved I have no of Mormon. where they held fellowship to the time they left for Elkhorn. never gave me a full history of the troubles of the Mormons in Mo. ever openly denounced Mormonism let me say this to you: no man ever knew better than he how to keep one's own counsel. I well remember the effect upon his countenance when he read the news in my presence. and 111. Now as to whether C. you are certainly welcome.

Second. while residing in this He united with the Methodist Protestant Church. August 3. Mrs. C. O. now. Ohio. though perhaps too late for your purpose. 1882. Gregg. the angel took them from them and nothing was left him but the B. Cowdery joined the Protestant Methodist Church in 1841 and you can write to W. 3. MR. and it sooner was on account of In the first place. never conversed on the subject with his most intimate friends. Adeline M. C. active member. dated at Tiffin. C.. Sir: sickness. and was city. development or progress of the "Church of Jesus Christ of He was an able lawyer. an old acquaintance friend of Cowdery. making inOliver Cowdery. feels a delicacy in saying anything about her father's belief in M. C. records and send you a transcript of his. In a letter to Mr. Johnson as she is now. I suppose that Maria Cowdery. H. Cowdery held the original Manuscripts of the Book of Mormon and when he came to die placed them in the hands of Mr. had was the B. Bernard. Judge W." ready debater and led a blameless life. wrote as follows of Cowdery 's connection with the Methodist Protestant Church : JACKSON. I think that it is absolutely certain that Mr. and he will search the Ch. a consistent. LANG. hymn book. Joe Smith said that as fast as he translated from the golden plates the B. disclosed anything relating to the conception. of M. Your letter of I the reason that did not answer August 18 was received in due time. of Tiffin. Lang. GREGG. Oct. you say that Whitmer states that Mr.THE BOOK OF MORMON 5? only answer your questions in the manner I did because some of them were not susceptible of a direct answer by me. Yours.'s membership. Resp. I know that Mr. W. after his separation from the Mormons. Gibson. and the M. O. of M. All he. I beg to reply. adopted daughter of Oliver Cowdery. says: and quiries as to Referring. of M. a fine orator. and never by word or act. Ohio. to yours of the I3th February. I don't think that any of the family connection belong to the M. Whitmer. 1881. a Latter-day Saints. or Mrs. M. and he . except David Whitmer.

Esq. a Notary Public within and for said county. I have made these copies directly from the 1 to the originals. determined to establish a Democratic newspaper in this city to aid in the election of Martin Van Buren to the Presidency. Keen. the undersigned. we became acquainted with his (Cowdery's) connection with Mormonism. and having the Book of Mormon with us. a resident of said county. In a few years Mr. to go East and purchase a suitable press for that purpose. a highly respected citizen of Tiffin. Mr.) some time before the press arrived. Cowdery's arrival in Tiffin. We immediately called a meeting of our Democratic friends. Some time after Mr. Wilson. when O. I do not know of anything more you want to know. and soon effected a partnership with Joel W. Gregg. County of Seneca. BERNARD/ I now introduce the affidavit of G. purchased a press and engaged Oliver Cowdery to edit the paper.58 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF was always a very visionary man. Cowdery arrived in Tiffin (O. Mr. . but he renounced M. and being sworn according to law Cowdery re- makes oath and says: I was well acquainted with Oliver Cowdery who formerly resided in this city. G. but if there is tell me and I will try and inform you the best I can. as proof that nounced Mormonism and united with the Methodist Protestant Church: STATE OF OHIO. Personally appeared before me. Cronise went East.. Mr. J. Samuel Waggoner and myself. and we authorized Henry Cronise. Cowdery could not be permitted to edit said paper. John Souder and myself were appointed a committee The letters of Lang. to whom they are addressed. that sometime in the year 1840 Henry Cronise. Cowdery expressed a desire to associate himself with a Methodist Protestant church of this city. Keen. Bernard have been turned over American Anti-Mormon Association by the family of Th. Gibson and Mrs. to me well known. ADELINE M. C. with other Democrats of this county. J. Rev. Cowdery opened a law office in Tiffin. it was unanimously agreed that Mr. did.

D my L. but I authorize and desire you and the church to submit to publish and make known my recantation. Seneca County. Another very interesting proof of Cowdery 's connection with the Methodist Protestant Church at Tiffin is to be found in the records of the business meetings of the male members of that church. Sworn me and subscribed in I4th day of April. and there learned his connection. admitted his error and implored forgiveness. before and well remember the (Signed) G. in Seneca. if the church require it. held January 18. have a tendency to draw public attention.THE BOOK OF MORMON 69 to wait on Mr. And. Cowdery at his residence in Tiffin. O. FRANK Notary Public EMICH. that he had known several to do so and ." did not demand it. "nevertheless. KEEN. The minutes of such a meeting. "But. was auditor of this county. 1844. from him." said he. At that time he arose and addressed the audience present. am now to in my eighty-third year. and led an exemplary life while he resided with us. J. We accordingly waited on Mr. are as follows : Minutes of a meeting of the Male Members of the Methodist Protestant Church of Tiffin. A. it could do no good replied that he had objections. Thomas . and his full and final renunciation thereof. and bring him into contempt. presence. it would they always regretted it. if We He then inquired of him he had any objection to making a public recantation. facts above related. and said he was sorry and ashamed of his connection with Mormonism. in the second place. Cowdery and confer with him respecting his connection with Mormonism and the Book of Mormon. that. this 1885. and he was unanimously admitted a member thereof. was elected to that I office in 1840. invite criticism. He continued his membership while he resided in Tiffin. and became superintendent of the Sabbath-school. with that order. I will it. I have lived in this city upwards of fifty-three years. but submitted his We name to the church. The meeting came to order by appointing Rev. held pursuant to adjournment. Ohio. in the first place.

it was on motion Resolved. It is 1844. That we accept the Charter for the legal organizaof said Society passed by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio. the 23rd inst. That the Trustees appointed by this meeting be authorized to call a special meeting of this Society for the purpose of adopting such By-laws as may be necessary for the well being of the same. it is With sheer folly for Mor- . CUSHMAN. m. an d that we become and now are organized under and in accordance with the provisions of tion the same. John Shinefelt and Benjamin Nye be." if all Cowdery would have he was not a member of that church. Ohio. and they are hereby appointed and chosen Trustees for said Society for and during the term of one year and until their successors are chosen and accept said office. Cowdery on Tuesday. That the Society. Resolved. OLIVER COWDERY. and it is not at likely that he would have been a member of that if church he had not renounced Mormonism. 1843. Chairman. at half past 6 o'clock p. Resolved. Secretary. first meeting of the Trustees of this meeting.60 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF Oliver Cushman Chairman. Joseph Walker. That the proceedings of this meeting be signed by elected by this the Chairman and Secretary. these facts before us. THOS. Resolved. William Campbell. all likely not at that Oliver been chosen secretary of "a meeting of the Male Members of the Methodist Protestant Church of Tiffin. On ascer- and it appearing that more than two-thirds of the male members of said Society were present. January iQth. On motion. That the annual meeting of the male members of this Society be held at this place one year from this date at half past 6 p. and taining Cowdery Secretary. be held at the office of O. m. unless previously called by a vote of two-thirds of the male members of this Society to be held at another time. it was further resolved that John Souder. On motion the meeting adjourned without delay. Resolved. 18. JAN. for the purpose of electing five Trustees for said Society. B.

THE BOOK OF MORMON monism any longer one time Tiffin. 61 deny that Oliver Cowdery did at renounce the faith and did connect himself with the Methodist Protestant Church of to in his history Ohio. .

* This manuscript gives an account of script 1 The proof of this is the fragment of a letter attached to his "Manu- script Story. Henry Lake. Ohio. Connectigraduated from Dartmouth College in 1785. that he went into the mercantile business in that place with his brother Josiah." "Honolulu Manuscript" and "Roman Story.) His brother John says. I*1 1809. ("New Light on Mormonism. After this he preached for a time." he began in the year 1809. The of these. Dickenson eays that Spaulding was principal of an academy at New York. 13. New Salem. * Cherry Valley. i. Pennsylvania. Spaulding's Roman Story The Fairchild-Rice-Smith Correspondence A Mormon Lie Nailed. in the this time. at the expiration of Amity. SPAULDING'S It ROMAN STORY. where he two his years." Mrs. where he failed financially in 1807. New York. moving. quit 1 preaching and engaged in the mercantile business in Cherry Valley. which is variously known as his "Manu- No. where he to re- again failed in The same year he removed lived Pittsburg. cut. to the town of to same State. came and first was while living at Conneaut that Spaulding beinterested in the aboriginal works of the country began to write romances based upon them.62 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF CHAPTER The Life of Solomon Spaulding IV. in 1761 Solomon Spaulding was born at Ash ford. . * Some say in the year 1808. where he made home up the time of his death in 1816. but finally became an infidel." "Manuscript Story Conneaut Creek. . with a business partner. or 1812. however. and completed his course in theology in 1787. he" built a forge at 2 Conneaut." p.

they came in contact with two native tribes. Spaulding married a Mr. This story is the purported history of these aboriginal tribes. W. Mr. who is represented as on twenty-eight rolls of parchment in the Latin language and afterward depositing it in an artificial cave near Conneaut. for it ends abruptly. manner of government and wars. north and south of the Ohio River. Jerome Clark. giving an account of their customs.THE BOOK OF MORMON 63 a party of Romans who. it Spaulding gave he wished to go further back as his reason for throwing aside that in in his dates and write the old Scriptural style. of Onondaga Valley. were driven from their course by contrary winds and were thrown upon our Atlantic coast. was an the things that she carried with her "hair-covered trunk" which contained the old. New York. H. Davison. Massachusetts. It was never -finished./ sermons. Matilda Spaulding. where Spaulding claims that he diswriting covered it. Its author was habits. to Dr. respectively. it is claimed. in 1828. who are described as living. his widow removed to the home of her brother. a Roman by it the name of Fabius. essays and a "single manuscript" of her de- New York. Making their way inland. the Book of Mormon has been revamped. A. McKinstry ." from which. Hampden County. in the time of Constantino. Mrs. that his story might appear more ancient a wish that was afterwards accomplished in his "Manuscript Found. and took the trunk to that place with her. where her mother followed her soon afterwards and where she spent the remainder of her life. the trunk spoken of was left in the care of her cousin. After Spaulding's death. was married to and removed Monson. When Mrs. Sabine. of Hartwick. the Sciotans and Kentucks. Her daughter. Among ceased husband. in a voyage to Britain. Davison removed from Hartwick. In 1820. of that place.

with other matter which he had collected. Sabine." Hurlburt then returned to Ohio and delivered the manuscript. Philastrus Hurlburt. editor of the Painesville Telegraph. where he met Mrs. E. At first this lady declined to give her consent to let the writings of her former husband pass out of her possession. Davison and secure. "Mormonism But. Book of Mormon before formed into a new Bible." that it might be compared with the Book of Mormon and the fraud be exposed. Davison herself.64 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF Leaving the Spauldings for the present. to a Mr. and which at that time was supposed to be the "Manuscript Found. to Onondaga Valley. Hurlburt went. Clark's possession the "single manuscript" which it contained. who was Unveiled. The book was immediately recognized by Spaulding' s brother and others as a plagiarism of the "Manuscript Found. Howe. Davison's brother. but upon receiving Hurlburt's solemn promise that the manuscript he was seeking would be returned. The excitement was so in- tense that a citizens' meeting was called. D. Ohio. and Hurlburt went to Hartwick and obtained from the old trunk in Mr. and from there to Monson. if possible. Massachusetts. for immorality. she reluctantly acceded. first. the "Manuscript Found. who had been a Mormon. a "woman preacher" came to that place and read copious extracts from the a congregation composed." then engaged in writing his book. we return to Conneaut. in of Spaulding's relatives and old acquaintances. Mrs. New York. when this gentleman examined the . but who had been cut off from the church. where he secured the recommendation of Mr. In 1832 or 1833. Mormons say. and Dr. was deputed to visit Mrs." and considerable indignation was manifested that it should have been put to so unholy a use as to be transpart.

in 1884. so long Book of Mormon in the SpaulPres. Rice. transferred to its it having been inad- vertently things. L. But neither of these explanations of its disappearance proved true. where it still reBoth of the Mormon Churches have made copies of it. Howe sold his print- declared that ing establishment to a Mr. of the origin of the probable bearing upon the traditional theory. Ohio. this manuscript was placed of Oberlin College. ding Romance." but an- other manuscript written earlier. Fairchild. but Spaulding's first story. as had been agreed upon. and was soon lost track of. who clared that immediately recognized it as his work." He also afterwards exhibited it to the old acquaintances of Spaulding. Davison. . of Oberlin College. Sandwich Islands. he discovered that it was not the "Manuscript Found" at all. with a partRice ner. H. Howe it had been destroyed by fire. interest of the Book of Mormon was re-aroused. he accidentally discovered this manuscript in his possession. which ]they publish under the erroneous title. In 1839-40. where. L. him by Howe. who. With in the question of the origin the finding of the Honolulu manuscript. J. subsequently sold out and removed to Honolulu. entitled "Manuscript Story Conneaut Creek. This romance was not returned to Mrs. while the accused Hurlburt of having sold it to the Spauldings Mormons. THE FAIRCHILD-RICE-SMITH CORRESPONDENCE. among other when he bought out Soon after in the library his printing establishment. began publishing an antislavery newspaper. but who deit was not the "Manuscript Found. and papers and magazines throughout the country heralded the news of the new find and discussed its held." mains. discovery. "Manuscript Found.THE BOOK OF MORMON 65 manuscript.

66 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF having been in Honolulu at the time of the discovery of this manuscript." gentlemen are now in my possession. The note is as follows : The theory of the origin of the Book of Mormon in the traditional manuscript of Solomon Spaulding. wrote a brief note in regard to the same for the Bibliotheca Sacra. Hawaiian Islands. Observer. Frank Leslie's Sunday Maqazine. appear in the preface to the Josephite edition of this manuscript. The testimonies of the above D. Oliver Smith. coarse piece of wrapping paper. Rice that he might have valuable anti-slavery documents in his possession. and at length came upon an old. Rice's "A Manuscript Story. and could detect no resemblance between the two. (Signed) Grinnell 1 New York . small quarto. P. of Honolulu. I suggested to Mr. and Rr many years State Printer at Columbus. the finder. myself and others compared it with the Book story. which he would be willing to conthe rich collection already in the Oberlin College In pursuance of this suggestion. of Mormon. (Iowa) Herald. Mr. L. Miller & others. seventy-five pages. California. with three letters from the pen of Mr. Rice began looking over his old pamphlets and papers. L. formerly an anti-slavery editor in Ohio. Eureka. Rice. giving the names of several persons known to the signer. and endorsed in Mr. John N. Rice. Rice. worn and faded manuscript of about one hundred and tribute to Library. who have assured him that to their per- occupied the territory Ohio and Kentucky. This note. L. Mr. 1 "The Writings of Sollomon Spaulding Proved by Aron Wright. now belonging to the States of New York. On sonal knowledge the manuscript was the writing of Solomon this Spaulding. in general or in detail. During a recent visit to Honolulu. There seems to be no name or incident hand-writing. to be relinquished. Western Watchman. etc. will probably have That manuscript is doubtless now in the possession of Mr. which the last page of this manuscript is a certificate* and signature. Rice has no recollection how or when It was enveloped in a manuscript came into his possession. which was widely copied 1 by papers and magazines throughout the country. L. purporting to be a history of the migrations and conflicts of the ancient Indian Tribes. HURLBURT." There seems no reason to doubt that this is the long-lost Mr.

Rice I now give. (Signed) JAMES H. FAIRCHILD. "Manuscript Story Conneaut Creek. Some other explanation of the origin of the Book of Mormon must be found." The wonder is. of it. press. In 1839-40 my partner and myself bought of E. Howe the Painesville Telegraph. until their close: HONOLULU. &c. happened that Pres't Fairchild was here on a visit. The wrapper was marked. So. Dickinson. at the discovered the contents of it. partment. Sandwich Islands. Mr. l The Spaulding Manuscript in my posMR. . manuscripts. you see. Mrs. The three letters of Mr.. Since Pres't Fairchild published the fact of its existence in my possession. with a large amount of rubbish that had accumulated from time to time. types. : published at Painesville. as I also shall on the note of President Fairchild. when the Mormons had their head quarters at Kirtland. D. 1885. and it was inadvertently transferred with the other effects of his It time I printing ting A. profess to set forth the history of lost tribes. I did not destroy or burn it &. English Scriptures. Deming. who is also getoffice. he obtained it from some source. I have had applications for it from half a dozen sources. until some six or eight months since. T The solemn style of the Book of Mormon. JOSEPH SMITH session came into my hands in this wise. claiming to 1 President of the Reorganized Church. Howe says when he was getting up a book to expose Mormonism as a fraud at an early day. this manuscript of Spaulding has been in my possession over But I never examined it. wants me to send it to him. of Painesville. does not appear in the The only resemblance is in the fact that both manuscript.. each applicant seeming to think that he or she was entitled to it. or knew the character forty years. that in some of my movements. in imitation of the if any explanation is required. B. Ohio.THE BOOK OF MORMON common to the two. reserving my comments on the same. and it was examined by him and others' with much curiosity. March 28. The transfer of the printing dewas accompanied with a large colit among the rest. lection of books. up some kind of a book I believe on Mormonism. of Boston.

L. and who is getting up a book to show that he was the real author of the Book of Mormon. to this Manuscript. &c. I propose to hold it in my own hands for a while. would spend which at best up so shallow a story as .68 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF be a relative of Spaulding. There is no identity of names. This Manuscript does not purport to be "a story of the Indians formerly occupying this continent. to deposit it College. it should be sent to Spaulding's daughter. am under a dent Fairchild. since writing the foregoing." one of which Sidney Rigdon stole from a printing tion office in Pittsburg. The only similarity between them.. and their his book. Deming. P. is exciting great interest in that but not a positive pledge to Presieventually in the Library of Oberlin I see an opporL. wants it. which each purports to have been found one in a cave on Conneaut Creek the other in a hill in Ontario County. when Yours. to show that IT is not But that would not settle the original of the Mormon Bible. She thinks. Upon reflection. this. &c. I should as soon think the Book of Revelamanuscript in the may have in manner was written by the author of Don Quixote. to see if it can not be put to some good use. progress in civilization. tunity to put it to a better use. I can not see that inform region. It is certain that this Manuscript is not the origin of the Mormon Bible. and there is no similarity of style between them." but is a history of the wars between the Indians of Ohio and Kentucky. me I that its existence tacit. RICE. I shall be free from that pledge. As I told Mr. been. at least. the claim that some other manuscript of Spaulding was the original of it. S. as he should have done. It is unlikely that any one who wrote so elaborate a work as the his time in getting Mormon Bible. or places. &c. Deming and Howe for such an allegation. Deming says that Howe borrowed it when he was getting up and did not return it. what ground there As it can be of any use to any body. a Mrs Somebody but she does not inform me where she lives. is You can probably tell better than I can. except the Mormons. whatever some other is. New York. I am of the opinion that no one who reads this Manuscript will give credit to the story that Solomon Spaulding was in any wise the author of the Book of Mormon. as that the writer of this Manuscript was the author of the Book of Mormon. of persons. Deming says Spaulding made three copies of "Manuscript Found.

it is is. erasures. in your letters of April 3Oth and May 2d. and all which I shall keep in my possession. I am more than half convinced that this his only writing of the sort. of course it is a matter of curiosity. is who . may be relied on as security for the You may . or some one read. and that any pretense that Spaulding was other. in It any sense the author of the was easy for any body who its may have seen this. L. It will be sent there in July. that it manuscript. to be at the disposal for reading of any one who may wish to peruse it. from all I have seen and learned. is Finally. Sandwich : Islands. or use it for a bad purpose. 1885. as of the other Of from a printing can not be as certain Rigdon. or heard anything of contents. My is opinion not the original of the Book of Mormon. HONOLULU.THE BOOK OF MORMON is 69 but a feeble imitation of the other. else. things are true concerning this manuscript in my posit is a genuine writing of Solomon Spaulding. It don't seem to me very likely. is a sheef fabrication. &c. by a friend wife. to get up L. Two session : First. that this tion only writing of Spaulding. going there to "take to himself a I have made a literal copy of the entire document errors of orthography. in Ohio. so that any attempt to Oberlin is mutilate it will be of easy detection and exposure. two saw points. Take that for what it is worth. got up the other and more elaborate writing on which the Book of Mormon was founded. safe keeping of it. office one of which Rigdon course this I stole in of this. I shall have it deposited in the Library of Oberlin College. of which several copies the were written. but not to be removed from that depository. mainly. One theory is. JOSEPH SMITH Dear Sir I am greatly obliged to you for the information concerning Mormonism." Meantime. that Spaulding made another story. May i4th. President Fairchild. and second. that I am interested in the history of Mor- monism. R. My friend. more elaborate. grammar. As I am in no sense a Mormonite. be at rest as to my putting the manuscript into the possession of any one who will mutilate it. and there is no foundafor the statement of Deming and others. the story that they were identical. Pittsburgh. MR. or heard and from the hints it conveyed.

whether Mormon or Anti-Mor- for near half a century it since came into my possession. Hyde. which they are anxious to do. Whether . of Boston. L. wrapper. errors of orthography. not the original of the Book of Mormon. in the vicinity of Conneaut. no one else is likely to wish it for publication. FAIRCHILD: Herewith made about it sion. Rev. and a delegation this point. L. if they took interest in it enough whom you call a granddaughter of Solomon as his grandniece: "My great uncle. 1885.) has written an elaborate account represents herself to me of this manuscript. Solomon Spaulding. a central place. that it is due to the Mormons to have a copy of it. Spaulding. and I was not aware of the character of I send it to you enclosed in the same paper its contents. Dr. H. may examine it. I may allow the Mormons of of grammar. in this place. have had an idea. it will relieve them in any measure. Rev. sometimes. where the manuscript I As it is only of interest as showing that it is to publish it. for reference by any one who may be desirous of seeing or examining it. and of Mormonism. It has been in my possession forty-six years from 1839 to 1885 and for forty-four years of that time no one examined it. RICE. and tied with the same string that must have enclosed it that it was in my possesbe deposited for safe keeping. send to you the Solomon Spalding Manuscript. mon.70 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF was written. I. is now in the Islands. President of the Institution. for training Native Missionaries for Micranesia. certainly during the forty-six years I have made and retain in my possession a correct literal copy of it.. Very PRESIDENT respectfully yours. J. and sent it for publication in the Congregationalist. As a great deal of inquiry has been I H. from the imputation that Solomon Spalding was some justice in that claim. June 12. erasures and all. to be deposited in the Library of Oberlin College. and you will be interested in reading it. Miss Dickinson. I presume it will be published. (a very prominent and successful institution." she writes. I deem since it it became known it proper that where any one interested it it. Utah to print it from this copy. awaiting my decision on They claim derive from they is may that they are entitled to whatever benefit and it seems to me there its publication . HONOLULU.

in his "Mormonism Unveiled. P. entitled on the wrapper.. "in faint penciling. Truly yours. the script neaut Creek. I believe that it was on the wrapper long before it fell into the hands of Dr. I now invite his attention to a brief. Secondly. different (6) ." It not "the long-lost story" at all. written earlier and bearing no more relation to the "Manuscript Found" than Longis. were as now when it came into my possession. after 1 became aware of the The words "Manuscript Story Conneaut Creek." from which it is claimed the Book of Mormon was revamped. I do not attempt to decide. Hurlburt. therefore. Having put before the reader the foregoing correspondence. the Spaulding-manuscript theory. declares that it was there." wholly unmindful of the fact it that. "Manuscript Story ConFirst. L. but Rice. manuscript described is not the "ManuFound. fore. RICE.THE BOOK OF MORMON the author of the It 71 Book of Mormon. S. himself. but a totally story. but who had expressly denied that it was the "Manuscript Found. critical examination of the same. fifty years be- Howe. faint penciling. who had admitted that the latter was its author. in ink The words "Solomon Spaulding's Writings" on the wrapper were written by me. but an entirely different romance. Professor Fairchild seems not to have fully understood. devolves upon their opponents to show that there are or were other writings of Spalding since it is evident that this writing is not the original of the Mormon Bible." when it first came into his possession. &c." had given a paragraph outline of and had declared that he had submitted it to the acquaintances of Spaulding. Rice's handwriting. at this time." in contents. L. He speaks of this manuscript as "the long-lost story." Professor Fairchild says that this title appeared on the wrapper in Mr. For a reason that will appear in the next chapter.

In the month far mentioned. 1900. not the origin of the Mormon whatever some other manuscript may have been. or that it is certainly the one which has been supposed to be the original of the Book of Mormon. that it is the only manuscript which Spaulding wrote. . both before and since his time. J. when he threw it aside. in denying that the "Manuscript Story" was in any sense the basis of the Book of Mor- mon. I have never stated. Mr. and know of no one who can state. he signed the following statement in the presence of Rev. And: script of Spaulding But that would not settle the claim that some other manuwas the original of it. Spaulding now in the Library of Oberlin College. D. that another manuscript of Spaulding's might have formed such a It is basis. Fourthly. He says: is certain that this Manuscript Bible. that he admitted the same contention. JAMES H. in October. FAIRCHILD. admits the contention of nearly all learned antiMormon polemics. The use which has been made of statements emanating from me a5 implying the contrary of the above is entirely unwarranted. that he intended to change the style and go further back in his dates that his story might appear more ancient. Rice. Nutting: FAIRCHILD'S LAST STATEMENT. With regard to the manuscript of Mr. The discovery of this Ms. Thirdly. so changed his sentiments expressed sixteen years before. does not prove that there may not have been another.72 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF "Evangeline" bears to his "Hiawatha. which became the basis of the Book of Mormon." fellow's The difference in style between this manuscript and the Book of Mormon is explained by the statement of Spaulding. and shortly before his death. Professor Fairchild.

that there was another manuscript.THE BOOK OF MORMON With the first 73 this last statement. be made It the occasion. and the inspiration. which became the basis of the Book of Mormon. This seeming huge hindrance and insurmountable obstacle which is always thrown in the way of the investigator with all the skill and power that craft and cunning and malice and fear and blind zeal can invent and command. and it is wholly a gratuitous assumption to call the latter the "Manuscript Found. Solomon What gives this document prominence is the fact Spalding. script Story" . This newly found "missing link" completes the chain of evidence which proves that the "Manuscript Found" never was and never could . ." appears in parentheses. all would be difficult to find. for the past fifty years. Professor Fairchild nullifies wrong inferences which have been drawn from his declaration. In the preface to the copy of the Honolulu manuscript. as the source. among that has been written upon this subject. I find the following false and misleading statement: Herewith we present to the reader the notorious "Manu("Manuscript Found" ) of the late Rev. not to be found on the manuscript anywhere. cause or germ of the Book of Mormon. a 1 more false. as published by the Reorganized Mormon Church. by and from which Joseph Smith and Sydney Rigdon wrote said Book of Mormon and organized said Church. ence of this /original witness in the case for when it speaks it reveals the flimsiness and falsity of the claim that it was in any way or in any sense the origin of the Book of Mormon. or that there is the least likeness between the two. that. the root. A MORMON LIE NAILED. "Manuscript Found. it has been made to do duty by the opposers of the Book of Mormon and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. vanishes from the pres1 . misleading and Notice that the title. different from the one found in Honolulu. and swings into line with the position generally assumed by intelligent anti-Mormon polemics." It is .

Found" was a Jewish romance. purporting to have been translated to contain only a single 1 "Disbelievers in Joseph Smith's 'find' have never claimed that the Book of Mormon was a plagiarism of the Oberlin manuscript." p. is incorrect statement than the inexplicable. 'See the "Braden-Kelley Debate. from the is a romance. in it- writer of the foregoing self. ll employed in public discussion* before the manuscript. * his church. 52 (1883). the Conneaut testimonies about to be given. gives the outline of it. Bennett and other anti-Mormons." book in 1834. Bennett and Braden had written prior to this time to the contrary. honest writer could have penned these telligent and words. following claimed that the "Manuscript he honestly assert that they the former? There has been line. as the and the inspiration. 'The Mormons well knew the contents of the "Manuscript Story" long before it was found in Honolulu. and all the powder used by the Mormons on that subject is a wasted explosive. by and from which Smith and Sydney Rigdon wrote said Book of Joseph Mormon and organized said Church. could not have been ignorant of these facts they were to be found in the books widely known of and read among . 8 Howe wrote as follows of the "Manuscript to Story": The trunk referred amined and found by the widow was subsequently ex- MS. was found The the members of In 1834. in SpalThis ding*s handwriting. in his "Myth of the Manuscript Found." p. book." face of the fact p. and Reynolds. and the contents of it were well known and source.74 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF How an inforegoing. in the face of what Howe." From 1834 it was expressly denied that this manuscript had anything to do with the Book of Mormon or that it was the "Manuscript A paragraph review of it was given in Howe's Found. the root. Hurlburt. how could claimed that the Book of Mormon came from some pretty hard Mormon lying all along the . 43. containing about one quire of paper. 1884." Stanton's "The Three Movements. Then. in the that Howe. 91. The "Manuscript Story" was never "made to do duty by the opposers of the Book of Mormon and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.

in order that it might appear more ancient it ding's." hence This this that it was the basis of the Book of Mormon. the and the inspiration. found the banks of 75 on twenty-four rolls of parchment." that it bears no resemblance to the "Manuscript is the first description ever given in print of "Manuscript Story" which was afterwards found in And Howe the possession of Mr. between the "Manuscript Story" and the "Manuscript Found. who recognize he having told them that he had altered his as first They say Found. me. again. SIR: Your note of 21 st is before PAINESVILLE. an apostle of the Reorganized he says: Church. in the face of this fact. several of the foregoing witnesses. Ohio. ! monism Exposed" of 1842. and in Bennett's "Morroot. but written in modern style. this country then being This old MS. here disclaims that it was the "Manuscript Found. July 26th. whatever. has been shown to inhabited by the Indians. . Rice. addressed to W. while proceeding from Rome to Britain. Smith." It was a common-place story of some Indian wars along the borders of our Great Lakef. disclaimed any connection or resemblance. 1881. by and from which Joseph Smith and Sydney Rigdon wrote said Book of Mormon and organized said Church" This same statement appeared again in the second edition of Howe's book of 1840. by going farther back with dates. in 1881. and writing in the old Scripture style. Howe. a short time previous to the Christian era. on Conneaut Creek.THE BOOK OF MORMON Latin. Elder T. outside or inside "Manuscript Found. we are coolly told that this manuscript has been made to do service "as the source. and I will answer your queries seriatim. of Honolulu. and giving a fabulous account of a ship's being driven upon the American coast." In a letter. Yet. in a cave. The manuscript you refer to was not marked on the 1st. Spalplan of writing.

Dr. Eries. I now recollect 1 not in I 2d. Of her I obtained a manuscript. late of Conneaut. supposing it to be the manuscript of the romance written by the said Solomon Spaulding. also. and the result published at the time." I did not examine the manuscript till I got home. as Bible style but purely modern. etc. Mass. Hampden county. it was very much like the Mormon Bible. Ohio. -Never succeeded in finding out anything more than was detailed in 5th. Yours.THE TRUE ORIGIN OP between the Chicagoes and Eries. my The manuscript book of exposure published about fifty years ago. Ashtabula county." To In a statement issued at Gibson- burg. never saw or heard read the "Manuscript Found. It was not the original "Manuscript Found. I dp have seen concluded 4th." by the several statements that have been made by those to solve the problem after sleeping quietly for half a century." but five or six persons who had. he says: all whom it may concern: In the year eighteen hundred and thirty-four (1834).. 1881. Every effort was made to unravel the mystery at the time. E. when upon examination I found it to contain 1 He is mistaken in Notice Howe saying. Ohio. I went from Geauga county. think there has been much mist thrown around the whole subject of the origin of the Mormon Bible and the "Manuscript who have been endeavoring Found. is not the "Manuscript Found. called the "Manuscript Found.." and not believe Hurlburt ever had it. Hurlburt. Davison. and I think it all folly to try to dig out anything more." which was reported to be the foundation of the "Book of Mormon. HOWE. and from their testimony. 3d. where I found Mrs. January 10. Davison. and which is now in Oberlin College Library. that came into my possession I suspect was destroyed by I fire forty years ago. . D." They were not the Chicagoes and the regard to the tribes mentioned. Solomon Spaulding. late widow of the Rev. Ohio. bears testimony to the fact that the manuscript which he obtained from Mrs. but the Sciotans and Kentucks. "As I now recollect. to Monson. when nearly all the parties were on earth.

" The same distinction between the manuscripts was also made by Clark Braden in the celebrated Braden-Kelley debate. who comes to your door with his literature. Geauga county. but being a manuscript upon an entirely different subject. 1 it is claimed the Book of Mormon was discovered in Honolulu. 75. Ohio. was not the "Manuscript Found. in 1884. a short time before the lulu manuscript Hono- came to light. p. Ohio. when the Mormon elder. then. don't you believe it." from which taken. The manuscript. destroyed by fire. D. of Painesville. P. but was "upon an entirely different subject. and further the deponent saith not. with the understanding that when he had examined it he should Said Howe says the manuscript was return it to the widow. held at Kirtland. . which Hurlburt obtained from Mrs. HURLBURT. Ohio. at the publishing-houses of the Brighamite and Josephite Mormon Churches." but the "Manuscript Story . 1 Sec "Braden-Kclley Debate" (first e<L). from Honolulu is not the "Manuscript manuscript Reader. was Found. now Lake county. Davison. This manuscript I left with E. Hawaiian Islands. (Signed) D. and that they now have it in printed form for The twenty-five cents per copy. Howe. as the Book of Mormon. tells you that the "Manuscript Found." the former may be found. revamped." from which it is claimed the Book of Mormon was taken. in 1884.THE BOOK OF MORMON 77 nothing of the kind.

1 if Smith worked for Sabine at this time. Davison. a friend of Spaul- ding at Amity.78 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF CHAPTER Mrs. . who worked as a teamster for Sabine. his McKinstry's Affidavit Immediately after the death of Solomon Spaulding." but the "Manuscript Story. Jerome Clark." one of which was in the trunk while it remained at the house of Squire Sabine at Onondaga Valley. 21. Sabine. having left the trunk at Hartwick in the care of her cousin. a prominent lawyer of Onondaga Valley. In 1820. he was both too young and too illiterate to have taken much interest in such a romance." itself. reveals the fact that the "Manuscript Found. was stolen from the Patter"New Light on Monnonism. living with her daughter. she was married to a Mr. But I am convinced that this contention is not correct. this trunk contained and the "single manuscript" which is now known to have been. either stole or copied it. and that Joseph Smith. but which is doubtful. And eight years later we find her at Monson. McKinstry. carrying with her the trunk which contained the writings of her deceased husband. Davison's Boston Recorder V. as alleged. for. near Coopers- town." while the testimony of Joseph Miller. Pennsylvania. and removed to that place. It has been the contention of some that Spaulding made several drafts of the "Manuscript Found. William H. New York." p. taking the trunk and its contents with her. Mrs. of Hartwick. not the "Manuscript Found. widow removed to the home of her brother. Massachusetts. New York. The Quincy Whig Re- letter plyMrs.

P. has excited much attention. since its discovery in 1884. the missionaries of the Mormon Church opened operations in the town of Holliston. In 1838-39. D. I think it is a duty which I owe to the public to state what I know touching That its its origin. Mrs. which occurred in 1816. who seem to have retained but a vague recollection of what Spaulding wrote and to have paid but little attention to his writings after his death. McKinstry. Massachusetts. Some of the members of Dr. through Prof. and. or Golden Bible (as it was originally called). In the letters of both. Pratt says: "If the public will be patient. and several of its most pious and intelligent members. R. Davison and her daughter. claims to a divine origin are wholly unfounded >P. DAVISON'S BOSTON "RECORDER" LETTER. 1839. after losing the deacon of his church. principal of the Monson (Massachusetts) Academy. in order to save his craft. Davison which he published in May. The confusion upon this point largely arises from the letters of Mrs. in the Boston Recorder. and is deemed by a certain new sect of equal authority with the Sacred Scriptures. John Storrs was the pastor. This statement of Mrs. of Holliston. . while a number of statements are undoubtedly correct. they will doubtless find that the piece signed 'Matilda Davison' (Spaulding's widow) is a base fabrication by Priest Storrs. there is a distinct tendency to identify the "single manuscript" in the old hair trunk with the "Manuscript Found. itself." Letter in Ntvi York Era. who left his society to embrace what they considered to be truth. Austin." which is disproved by that manuscript. and this caused him to bestir himself to action. Davison is as follows 5 1 : As the Book of Mormon. MassachuIn that town there existed a Congregational church setts. of which the Rev. MRS.THE BOOK OF MORMON 79 son printing-office before Spaulding's death. 1839. he obtained a statement from Mrs. Storrs church became proselytes to the Mormon faith.

and I recollect the date well from that circumstance. and even by those who have sustained the character of devoted Christians. Spaulding being an articles evincing great skill in the arts. so that excommunication has been necessary. Hull's surrender at Detroit occurred near the same time. Solomon Spaulding. in his narrative. From this place. Shortly after our removal to this place. and a great interest It claimed to have been in the work was excited among them. as it is situated on Conneaut Creek. the As he progressed written by one of the lost nation. we removed to New Valley. Ohio. Ashtabula county. his health sunk. This was about the year 1812. yet it is received as divine by some who dwell in enlightened New England. and a great fondness for At the time of our marriage he resided in Cherry history. Learning recently that Mormonism had found its way into a church in Massachusetts. to whom I was united in marriage in early life. New Salem there are numerous mounds by many to be the dilapidated dwellings and These ancient relics arrest fortifications of a race now extinct. Salem. took a lively labors. In the town of and forts supposed interest in these developments of antiquity. and as the Old Testament is the most ancient book in the world. he imitated its style as His sole object in writing this imaginary nearly as possible. Numerous implements were found. the attention of the new settlers. and furnish employment for his he conceived the idea of giving an historical sketch of this long lost race. educated man.80 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF needs no proof to a mind unperverted by the grossest delusions. and become objects of research for the curious. New York. sometimes called Conneaut. I am determined to delay no longer in doing what I can to strip the mask from this mother and to lay open this pit of abominations. and he was laid aside from active tinguished for a lively imagination. and was disof sin. and to have been recovered . and other Mr. and has impregnated some with its gross delusions. history was to amuse himself and his neighbors. and passionately fond of history. Their extreme antiquity led him to write in the most ancient style. That any sane person should rank it higher than any other merely human composition is a matter of the greatest astonish- ment. was a graduate of Dartmouth College. and in order to beguile the hours of retirement lively imagination. neighbors would come in from time to time to hear portions read.

The manuthen fell into my hands. etc. is that it is a typographical error for "Mormon Or it may have been some lady convert to Mormonism. as Rigdon himself has frequently stated. Patterson. Spaulding deceased in 1816. Spaulding's former resi- dence. Washington county. Mass. who was newspaper. Mr. and the very place where the "Manuscript Found" was written. Here Mr. Solomon Spaulding had a brother. he would inform them. a copy of it was Salem. Mrs.. from his acquaintance with the classics and ancient history. Patterson. became acquainted with Mr. He was enabled. and informed Mr. fused to do. Davison's But it does not say that it was a Mormon "woman preacher. in Pennsylvania." testimony. Spaulding's manuscript. and soon after we removed to Amity. the place of Mr. an editor of a Sidney Rigdon. The It may have been a woman preacher of some other connection. and they would assemble to hear it read. preacher. He exhibited his manuscript to Mr. with whom I now reside." The neighbors would often inquire how Mr." 1 Mormons this as . and could be easily recognized by them. was figured so largely in the at that time connected with the and printing office of Mr. woman1 preacher appointed a meeting there. and assumed the title of "Manuscript Found.THE BOOK OF MORMON 81 from the earth. he would publish This Mr. where Mr. Spaulding that if he would make out a title page and preface. and when he had a sufficient portion prepared. as is well known in that region. and by other script It friends. Spaulding found a friend and acquaintance in the person of Mr. He retained it for a long time. who has Mormons. perfectly familiar with the work. history of the burg. who was very much pleased with it. which were particularly noticed by the people." and use one of the arguments in their attempt to discredit Mrs. After the Book of taken to New Mormon came out. residing in the place at the time.. Mr. John Spaulding. who. It was a matter of notoriety and interest to all connected with the printing establishment. Patterson. and copied it. probability. Spaulding progressed in deciphering the manuscript. and borrowed it for perusal. however. and was carefully preserved. to introduce many singular names. M'Kenstry. At length the manuscript was returned to its author. and repeatedly heard From New Salem we removed to Pittsthe whole of it read. Spaulding reit and it might be a source of profit. and in A claim that they never had a "woman preacher. of Monson. has frequently been examined by my daughter.

and to prevent their friends from embracing an error so delusive. The excitement in New Salem became so great. with all of whom I was acquainted. doubtless suggested the idea of converting it to the purposes of delusion. one of their number. and expressed to the meeting his sorrow and regret that the writings of his deceased brother should be used for a purpose so vile and shocking. This was in the year 1834. for the of own purpose.82 the meeting read THE TRUE ORIGIN OP Mormon. Mormon women taking part in their social services. Spaulding. Mr. judging from the facts possess. historical romance. which was signed by Messrs. that the inhabitants had a meeting. preacher was practically I extracts from the Book of Mormon. has been construed into a new Bible. and others. than the use which has been made of his work. presents to us a strange conglomofficially. He vas amazed and afflicted that it should have been perverted to so wicked a purpose. This that while letter we now not a of Mrs. Dr. The air of antiquity which was thrown about the composition. Spaulding. and palmed off upon a company of poor deluded fanatics as Divine. execration they so justly deserve. John Spaulding was present and recognized perfectly the work of his brother. to repair to this place and to obtain from me the original manuscript of Mr. Henry Lake. as the identical work of Mr. Aaron Wright. to satisfy their minds. as they were my neighbors when I resided at New Salem. and extracts from the sacred Scriptures. with the addition of a Thus an few pious expressions. His grief found vent in a flood of tears. Hurlburt brought with him an introduction and request for the manuscript. I am sure that nothing would grieve my husband more. in which they had all been so deeply interested years before. of comparing it with the Mormon Bible. were he living. Davison. and he arose on the spot. and deputed Dr. such by reading copious are not forbidden have heard them do as much . Philastrus Hurlburt. I have given the previous brief narration. and as claimed here. that this to the work of deep deception and wickedness may be searched foundation and the authors exposed to the contempt and (Signed) MATILDA DAVISON. The and repeated copious extracts from the Book historical part was immediately recognized by all the older inhabitants.

if it was. however. in York." p. Everything goes to show that the "Manuscript Found" was not finally returned to the Spaulding family. in the Whig of Quincy. Davison appeared in the Boston Recorder. Davison has made a mistake in sup- posing that the manuscript which she preserved so long was the "Manuscript Found. by Sidney Rigdon. she is quite uncertain. New 120. she thinks it was once taken to the printing-office of Patterson & Lambdin. . with the assistance of Smith and Cowdery. Hurlburt. in reply. and that it was afterwards returned to her family and was by them carefully preserved until it was delivered to Dr. While they lived in Pittsburgh. In this supposition she is doubtless correct. But she is also certain that this manuscript was copied by Rigdon while it lay in the Patterson printing-office. Some months after the purported letter of Mrs. the following interview was published. transformed it into the Book of Mormon. In this she is doubtless incorrect. 1 Mrs. of manuscripts. doubtless. left in Otsego County. but that it was stolen. with script his other writings. but whether it was ever brought back to the house again.' but of its contents she has now no distinct knowledge. and recollects that one was entitled the 'Manuscript Found.THE BOOK OF MORMON eration of truth and error. her family or that it was the trunk Howe says: "She states that Spaulding had a great variety manuscript. 83 This confusion is. not copied. who. mances resembled the Book of Mormon and was written in imitation of the Old Testament style of speech." a trunk which she had Quoted in "Mormonism Exposed. due to the failure of memory during the lapse of time between the death of her husband and the date of her She is certain that one of her husband's rowriting. Davison was not so certain that the "ManuFound" was returned to. THE QUINCY "WHIG" REPLY. it was then. Illinois 1 : At another time." whereas it was an entirely different manuscript upon an entirely different subject. Mrs.

took some minutes on paper. my house and asked questions. Co. and spent several hours with them. What agency had you D. and shall content myself by presenting before the public the other side of the question in the form of a letter.84 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF A CUNNING DEVICE DETECTED. during which time he asked them the following questions. get it printed and D. and also Dr. wrote that letter. "Q. "A. Does Mr. Storrs? "A. Adams Co.. Spaulding's manuscript and the Book of Mor- mon agree? "A. . Hurlburt came here and took let me have one half of the said he would profits. write a letter to John Storrs. neither did I ever see the letter until I saw in the Boston Recorder. but shall call upon every candid man to judge in this matter for himself. I shall not attempt to say at this time. How as follows: Copy of Middlesex of Quincy. far the writer of that piece has effected his purposes. to his daughter. the letter was never brought to me to sign. where he saw Mrs. "Q. R. Mrs. to it? Did you sign your name it did not. McKinstry. "Q. viz. or what his purposes were in pursuing the course he has. me some and from these minutes "Q. Davison. I I did not. "A. Elizabeth Haven. Davison and her daughter. Does the manuscript describe an idolatrous or a re"A. John Haven. a letter written by Mr. "Q. Mrs. I think some few of the names are alike. Austin came to in having this letter sent to Mr. Have you read I the Book of Mormon? have read some of it. Massachusetts. Illinois. of Holliston.. "A. "Your brother Jesse passed through Monson. "Question Did you. Ely. ligious pepole? An Where idolatrous people. P. purporting to give an account of the origin of the Book of Mormon. It will be recollected that a few months since an article appeared in several of the papers. is the manuscript? it. giving an account of the origin of the Book of Mormon? : "Answer "Q.

Have you read any I in the Book of Mormon? have not. and somewhat broken.* There are a few points 1 in this "Cunning Device De- 1 have copied pp. How large is Mr. people "A. and am satisfied they are persons of truth. ? Did the manuscript describe an idolatrous or a religious An "Q. to Was Mr. this letter from Reynolds' "Myth of the Manuscript Found. and I further say. A. "A. which has induced me to copy it for publication. Are you certain that some of the names agree? I idolatrous people.THE BOOK OF MORMON "Q. "You see by the above questions and answers. 86 P. the above is a correct copy of Mr. BADLAM. that Mr. has asked Mrs. answers werfe given in the form that I have written them. 22. am not. these questions were asked. About five years of age. Spaulding's manuscript? "A. your name attached to that letter. "Q. Storrs in I do not say that the above questions and his own language. Davison a few questions. "Q." This may certify that I am personally acquainted with Mr. No. in his great zeal to destroy the Latter-day Saints. but Mrs. I have also read Mr. Does the manuscript and the Book of Mormon agree? I think some of the names agree. McKinstry: How old were you when your father wrote the manuscript? "A. which was sent by your order? "A. "Q. and these answers given. I Has D. "Q. "Q. ''A. 21. When Did you ever read the manuscript? I was about twelve years old I used to read it for diversion. I never meant that my name should be there. Haven. John Davison is about seventy years of age. About one-third as large as the Book of Mormon. Hurlburt got the manuscript printed? received a letter stating that it did not read as he expected. "Q._To Mrs. Storrs. and he should not print it. his son and daughter. Austin. Haven's letter. "A. "A. Haven's letter to his daughter. then wrote a letter to Mr." . "A. "Q.

the charge is made that the it "Cunning De- it appears in has been maliciously garliterature. claims that the admission of Mrs. if published in the the purported letter of Mrs." page On page 22 of the "Myth of the Manuscript Found" this interview appears with the statement that the Boston Recorder article was in the main true. the Mormons have zealously sought to establish the identity of the "Manuscript Found" with the "single manuscript" in the old hair trunk and which afterwards fell into the hands of Hurlburt." as I have given and as Mormon out. If this is true. testimony to further "Prophet of Palmyra.*" If this is true." p. "The Origin of Its I3> says: A. By this letter. L.86 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF l tected" tention to which it will be well to call the reader's at- : First. containing but so far have been unsuccessful. present-day bled and an important admission of Mrs. carefully omitted. that the Boston Recorder article "was in the main true. and which have been circulated as truths by the Mormons themselves. Schroeder. p. the Times and Seasons. 421. Austin. why have the Mormons left this im- portant admission out of their later publications of the Haven letter?* Thirdly. R. Davison left vice Detected. Davison. Haven does just what Austin is accused of ihit letter. ." was to be found in the Mormon paper. 47. is not genuine. Davison. Thomas Gregg. this may account for the errors which it contains. in his excellent little pamphlet. Secondly. as Boston Recorder. T. Vol. *I have tried to locate the files of the Quincy Whig. also. the Book of Mormon Re-examined in Relation to the Spaulding's Manuscript Found. but is the production of Principal D. it is not the first time that Mormonism has garbled its ends.

A. we find the Does the manuscript and the Book of Mormon agree? I think some of the names agree. Mrs. this purported interview with Mrs. Davison told him. McKinstry says: we shall Afterward he (Spaulding) read the manuscript which I had seen him writing. Maroni. They are as fresh to me today as though I heard them They were Mormon. by his own admission. I have never forgotten. asked some questions. Some of the names that he mentioned. a friend of his.THE BOOK OF MORMON having done. admits that the questions and answers in the "Cunning Device Detected" are not given in their original form. on this point. . the true. yesterday. Haven told his much liberty with what Mrs. himself. which presently give. So." Times and Seasons. And then Haven. who came to see him. Q. and sign the took as latter. Davison did not write and sign the former. Lamenite. And. that she did not write or sign the Boston Recorder letter. and. following questions and answers: Q. Are you certain that some of the names agree? I am not. as Austin took with what Mrs. we have the admission published in the Mormon paper. In her purported interview with Jesse Haven. disagrees with the sworn statement of Mrs. In her sworn statement. if there are just grounds for questioning the Boston Rethere are equally as just grounds for questioning the Quincy Whig reply. McKinstry afterwards made. in favor of the Boston Recorder letter. A. took down some minutes and wrote the letter. to the neighbors and to a clergyman. Jesse. If Mrs. Mrs. while reading to these people. Davison and her daughter. 87 He declares that Mrs. but that Professor Austin came to her home. she certainly did not write corder letter. Davison son. McKinstry. Nephi. Davison told his son. that it was "in the main Fourthly. Jesse.

" written by my father. but that he remained at home most of the time and was reading and writing a great deal. I was residing with my parents in a town in Ohio called Conneaut. McKinstry so as to make them appear as favorable as possible to the claims of the Book of Mormon an art in which the Mormons are particularly accomplished. and I remember his iron foundry and the men he had at work. rather than those of my maturer During the war of 1812. I have willingly consented to make the following statement regarding it. my earlier years. the Rev. Mormon the four down dently either a Mormon or a Mormon sympathizer. she says that Book of Mormon names given were as fresh to her then as though she had heard them only the day before. Mrs. and that my memory. in common with elderly people. and its supposed connection with the book. who was evi. at the same time affirming that I am in tolerable health and vigor. I was then in my sixth yeaf. wrote the answers of Mrs. 1880. and he said a tree on the top of one of little . made in 1880. Mrs. repeating all that I remember personally of this manuscript. Matilda Spaulding McKinstry has left us the following sworn statement in regard to the manuscripts of her father: WASHINGTON. April 3rd. So much has been published that is erroneous concerning the "Manuscript Found. is clearer in regard to mother related to my the events of life. called the Mormon Bible. It seems very probable that Haven. which he read to me. D. There were some round mounds of earth near our house which greatly interested him. My father was in business there. McKinstry is said to have been uncertain in regard to the identity of certain names in her father's manuscript with those in the Book of in her affidavit. and all that is of importance which me in connection with it. C.88 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF In the Haven letter. Solomon Spaulding. He frequently wrote little stories. MRS. M'KINSTRY'S AFFIDAVIT.

a friend of his. Pennsylvania. our personal effects with us. and heard my father talk about books with him. He set some of his men to work digging into one of these mounds. Sabine was a lawyer oi Onondaga Valley. one of which he called "The Frogs of Wyndham. and one of these was an old trunk. New York. After we had been at my uncle's for some time. Patterson's library with him. They are as fresh to me today as though I heard them yesterday. Connecticut. I was about eleven years of age at this time. who came to see him. and other papers. and I saw a manuscript. They were Mor- mon. and I remember that . Davison. when my father read it to his friends. We removed from Conneaut in to Pittsburg while very young. Maroni. Some of the names that he mentioned while reading to these people I have never forgotten. Nephi. portions of gigantic skeletons. my We carried all distinction and wealth. but did not take her furniture nor the old trunk of In 1820 she married Mr. Hartwicks. closely w/ritten. and his death of ley. my mother left me there and went to her father's house at Pomfret. a village near Cooperstown. New York. but every circumstance of this removal I was is still distinct my memory. to the neighbors and to a clergyman. in which my mother had placed all my father's writings which had been preserved.THE BOOK OF MORMON 89 them was a thousand years old. and greatly respected. of manuscripts with her. and sent for the things she had left at my mother and myself went to visit at the residence mother's brother. and various He talked with my mother of these discoveries in the relics." I did not read it. William H. and I vividly remember how excited he became when he heard that they had exhumed some human bones. and directly after Patterson. tied with some of the stories my father had written for me. and of looking at its contents. "Manuscript Found. and saw the names I had heard at Conneaut." On the outside of this wrapper were written the words. I perfectly remember the appearance of There were sermons this trunk. at Onondaga ValOnondaga County. mound. Afterward he read the manuscript which I had seen him writing. and was writing every day as the work progressed. Sabine. about an inch thick. In 1816 my father died at Amity. Lamenite. Mr. but looked through it and had it in my hands many times. In that city I my father had an intimate friend named frequently visited Mr.

Sabine. at Hartwicks. In 1828. Mr. and through the "Manuscript Found/' wished to expose its wickedness. I believe it was in 1834 that a man named Hurlburt came to my house at Monson to see my mother. at once recognized its similarity to the "Manuscript Found. as he (my uncle) was desirous "to uproot (as he so as to compare letter to my expressed it) this Mormon fraud. not long after she came to live with me I do not remember just how long something of Mor- Very soon after my mother We monism." Hurlburt represented that he had been a convert to Mormonism. I was married to Dr. she trunk. Massachusetts. on one occaBible was read there in public. and that. intending to send for it. She did not like his appearance and mistrusted his motives. my John Spaulding. but had given it up.90 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP the old trunk. Clark to open the trunk and deliver afterwards heard tha* he had received it from Mr. containing the desired "Manuscript Found. reached her in safety. A. H. Lake and many other persons who were present. and went there to reside." and then came to us direct an account of the Mormon meeting at Conneaut. who spent a day at my house. He presented a it with the Mormon Bible. peated promise of Hurlburt to return the manuscript to us." which they had heard read years before by my father in the same town. Jerome Clark of Hartwicks.ut she having great respect for her brother's wishes and The old reluctantly consented to his request. mother from my uncle. My mother was careful to have me with her in all the conversations she had with Hurlburt. McKinstry of Hampden County. There was a great deal of talk and a great deal published at this time about Mormonism all over the country. l. We . opinions. but from that time we have never had it in our possession. and was with me most of the time until her death in 1844. Solomon Spaulding. Ohio. in which he requested her to loan this manuscript to Hurlburt. when the Mormon father's brother." she had placed in the care of Mr. and the report that it had been taken from my father's "Manuscript Found. when On the reshe came to Monson. sion. and I have no present knowledge of its existence. Wm. heard. joined me there. Hurlburt never returning it or answering letters regave him a it letter to to him. Clark. who told us that he had been sent by a committee to procure the "Manuscript Found" written by the Rev. Mr. of Onondaga Valley. with its contents.

and his faith that its production would show to the world that the Mormon Bible had been taken from it. father loaned this Pittsburg. William H. and with my consent he was asked for the mentioned many other circumstances to me in connection with this subject which are interesting. My mother was familiar with its contents. written in Biblical style. save Hurlburt as above described. McKiNSTRY. at the city of Washington. 1880. had undoubtedly read the manuscript while it was in his house. either of us. She stated to me that she had heard the manuscript alluded to read by my father. of my father's literary tastes. his fine education and peculiar temperament. he said: finish it and you will make money out of it. "Manuscript Found.. and while we have no personal knowledge that the Mormon Bible was taken from the "Manuscript Found. So far I have stated facts within my own knowledge." she said. and told me of his frequent conversations regarding a theory which he had of a prehistoric race which had inhabited this continent. Notary This affidavit was first Public. and she deeply regretted that her husband. C. "Manuscript Found" to Mr." there were many evidences to us that it was and that Hurlburt and the others at the time thought so." but until now have never made a statement at length for publication. as she believed. D. etc.THE BOOK OF MORMON 91 Two years ago. 1880. living in Ohio. and that "Polish it up." mother confirmed my remembrances of my father's fondness for history. Patterson. of when he returned it to my father. A convincing proof to us of this belief was that my uncle. A. S. (Signed) M. Sabine. D. .* published in Scribner's Monthly for August. or in any way communicated with the Mormons. My CHARLES WALTER. I heard he was still questing him to do so. Sworn and subscribed to before me this 3rd day of April. had innocently been the means of She said that my furnishing matter for a religious delusion. all showing that his mind dwelt on this The "Manuscript Found. or was the same with I have frequently answered questions which slight alterations. was a romance subject. We never. and that while she heard it read. ever saw." He made no response although we have evidence that he received the letter containing the request. she had no special admiration for it more than other romances he wrote and read to her. have been asked by different persons regarding the "Manuscript Found.

she states that the manuscript in the old trunk was examined by her when eleven years of age and that it had the words "Manuscript Found" written on the wrapper. McKinstry undoubtedly saw when she was eleven years of age. for no such title appears on the manuscript found in Honolulu. and her mistake is probably due to the failure of memory during the great number of years that elapsed between the time when she last saw this manuscript and the date of her affidavit.92 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF We call the attention of the reader to the following points which are brought out in the foregoing affidavit: First. McKinstry thinks that the trunk script manu- was the same as the one recognized by the old . Secondly. could not have been the one that Hurlburt afterwards obtained from the old trunk. This would seem to show that as early as 1817 the title. In this we know that she was mistaken. "Manu- was on the wrapper of the romance from Honolulu and that it was probably script Story. called the "Manuscript Found." do appear the title in "faint penciling. Thirdly." resembled the Book of Mormon in the use of such proper names as Mormon. McKinstry certifies that her mother told her that her father wrote a number of romances. she states further that one of these ro- mances." in "faint penciling." This is which Mrs." placed there by her father himself. Lamenite and Nephi. she declares that her mother informed her that the "Manuscript Found" was written in Biblical style. Fifthly. which is not written in Biblical style. another in the library proof that it was not the manuscript now of Oberlin College. This manuscript. But the words. Mrs. then. "Manuscript Story Conneaut Creek. Fourthly. for that manuscript contains no such names as these. Mrs. Maroni.

Although the letters of both Mrs.THE BOOK OF MORMON citizens 93 of Conneaut as the basis of the Book of Mormon. these are easily detected by the facts that have been brought to light since 1884. presently. So. his celebrated This was "Manuscript Found." . culling these errors out. Davison and Mrs. we have the invulnerable facts remaining that Solomon Spaulding wrote one manuscript in Biblical style and employed names that afterwards appeared in the Book of Mormon. that in this she is mistaken. We shall see. McKinstry contain a number of errors.

The opinion of some of those. Miller. who heard him read his celebrated "Manuscript Found. Nahum Howard and Artemas Cunningham. Aaron Wright. The Jaredite copy. have been begun at Conneaut and completed at Pitts- burgh." as follows This copy was written at Con1. been written 1 at Pittsburgh. These evidences consist of the testimonies of eleven of the relatives and acquaintances of Solomon Spaulding. and is thought to have contained only the outline of Nephite history as given in the Book of Mormon. Martha Spaulding. to have contained all that See "Braden-Kelley Debate. that Solomon Spaulding made three copies. Henry Lake." They are met by the Mormons either with silence. or drafts. Having script established the distinction between the in manu- "Manuscript Found. This copy is supposed to have 3. It is supposed to have contained all that was in the former copy." I now pass to those evidences which go to identify the latter with the basis of the Book of Mormon. and p. This copy is thought to 2. is : discovered Honolulu and the neaut. who have made the matter the subject of special study." 75. . The Zarahemlaite copy. The Manuscript Found Its Identity with the Book of Mormon Established The Testimony of John Spaulding. Oliver Smith. with evasion or with a blustering denial.THE TRUE ORIGIN OF CHAPTER VI. The Nephite copy. * of his "Manuscript Found. outside of Mormonism. John N. with the account added of the colony which came to America under Mulek at the time of the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar.

THE BOOK OF MORMON was in the 85 preceding copies. of the "Manuscript Found. "the most important single collection of original evidence ever made upon the subject. After he left school. is beyond question. but to settle down to the easier task of showing that this manuscript. In order to accomplish shall put before the reader. Re-examined Spaulding's 'Manuscript Found. ' says Schroeder. with the Jaredite portion of of Mormon added. but it requires the following of altogether too slender lines of evidence to be very trustworthy. and But that he did write one manuscript at least. in 1761.. The were testimonies of the eight to be given first in this chapter published in Howe's "MormonA. he entered Plainfield Academy. 115-120.* and constitute. the Book I must confess that this classification of the writings of Solomon Spaulding is ingenious. or drafts. then the Zarahemlaite. gave a history of the first two peoples. contracted a taste for literary pursuits. and excelled most of his classmates. therefore. and in Ashford. make no attempt to discriminate between the different copies." THE TESTIMONY OF JOHN SPAULDING. was identical with the Book of Mormon 1 in proper names and general histhis. 40. . where he made great proficiency in study. T. in this chapter and in the following chapter. which lastly the Jaredite. whether it originally existed in one or in three drafts." pp.' " in Its Relation to p. I torical outline. in early life Solomon Spaulding was born very much doubt if Spaulding ever wrote more than "Manuscript Found. I have copied them from Bennett's 1 Personally. I shall. Unveiled" of 1834. as some other authors have done." if such really existed. Conn. 8 "The Origin of the Book of Mormon." though this may have been written in three installments. I one copy of his "Mormonism Exposed. the testimonies of the eleven witnesses referred to. who either at Conneaut or Amity heard the "Manuscript Found" ism read. first the Nephite part. * Not having Howe's book at hand.

. and in the year 1809 removed to Conneaut. They afterwards had quarrels and con- tentions. I have recently read the Book of Mormon. and separated into two distinct nations. In a few years he failed in business. and to my great &c. and according to the best of my recollection and belief. in I made him a failed. Jr. brother Solomon wrote. The year following. Cruel and bloody wars ensued. and commenced about every sentence with "And it came to pass. the which he thought would enable him to pay all his debts. I am unable to determine. and was considerably involved avails of He then told me he had been writing a book. having in the meantime turned He soon after entered Darthis attention to religious subjects.. Y. in Ohio. under the command of Nephi and Lehi. I well remember that he wrote in the old style.. which he intended to have printed. and found that he had debt. with the exception of the religious By what means it has fallen into the hands of Joseph Smith. were in my brother's writings. in which he made little progress. Their arts.M. and found him engaged in building a forge. . It gave a detailed account of their journey from Jerusalem. where he obtained the degree of A. JOHN SPAULDING. visit in about three years after.96 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF He next commenced the study of law. and was afterwards regularly ordained. sciences and civilization were brought into view in order to account for all the curious antiquities found in various parts of North and South America. names. in which great multitudes were slain. endeavoring to show that the American Indians are the descendants of the Jews." of which he read to me many passages.. and the other Lamanites. and commenced the mercantile business. I removed to Ohio. as they it nearly the same historical matter. in Windham county. till they arrived in America." the same as in the Book of Mormon." or "Now it came to pass. They buried their dead in large heaps. one of which he denominated Nephites. N. with the intention of qualifying himself for the ministry. The book was entitled the "Manuscript Found. removed to Cherry Valley. mouth College. it is the same as surprise I find my matter. It was an historical romance of the first settlers of America. he gave it up. which caused the mounds so common in this country. by land and sea. in company with his brother Josiah. After preaching three or four years. or the lost tribes.

MARTHA SPAULDING. I spent many hours in hearing him read said He writings. He very frequently read to me from a manuscript which he was writing. after which disputes arose between the chiefs. till He being buried in large heaps was the cause of the numerous in the country. are the same. Some of these people he represented as being very large. and I have no manner of doubt that the historical part of it is the same that I read and heard read more than twenty years ago.." &c. but the names of Nephi and Lehi are yet fresh in my memory. CONNEAUT.. I formed a copartnership with Solomon Spaulding. The lapse of time which has intervened. Ashtabula I left the State of New Co. which has mounds brought fresh to my recollection the writings of Solomon Spaulding. and the phrases of "and it came to pass. Ohio. The old. York. and ar- rived at this place. he was then writing an historical novel founded upon the first settlers of America. one of which was called Lamanites. obsolete style. 97 I was personally acquainted with Solomon Spaulding. and this idea he carried out in the book in question. 1833. for the purpose of rebuilding a forge which he had com- menced a year or two before. which he entitled the "Manuscript Found." and which he represented as being found in this town. and their salem. as being the principal heroes of his tale. and became well acquainted with its contents. They were officers of the company which first came off from Jeru- and gave a particular account of their journey by land they arrived in America. sea. which caused them to separate into different bands. which frequently covered the ground with the slain. and the other Between these were recounted tremendous battles. late in the year 1810. THE TESTIMONY OF HENRY LAKE. He had for many years contended that the aborigines of America were the descendants of some of the lost tribes of Israel.. . I have read the Book of Mormon. about the first of January following. Sept. prevents my recollecting but few of the leading incidents of his writings. I was at his house a short time before he left Conneaut. Soon after my arrival. Nephites. about twenty years ago. He represented them as an enlightened and warlike people.THE BOOK OF MORMON THE TESTIMONY OF MARTHA SPAULDING.



wished me to assist him in getting his production printed, alleging that a book of that kind would meet with a rapid sale. I designed doing so, but the forge not meeting our anticipations,
failed in business, when I declined having anything to do with the publication of the book. This book represented the American Indians as the descendants of the lost tribes, gave an account of their leaving Jerusalem, their contentions and wars,


when he was reading to pointed out to him what I considered an inconsistency, which he promised to correct; but by referring to the Book of Mormon, I find, to my surprise,
which were many and




the tragic account of Laban,


that it stands there just as he read it to me then. Some months ago, I borrowed the Golden Bible, put it into my pocket, carried it home, and thought no more of it. About a week after, my

wife found the book in my coat pocket, as it hung up, and commenced reading it aloud as I lay upon the bed. She had not read twenty minutes, till I was astonished to find the same passages in it that Spaulding had read to me more than twenty years before, from his "Manuscript Found." Since that, I have
fully examined the said Golden Bible, and have no hesitation in saying that the historical part of it is principally, if ' not wholly, taken from the "Manuscript Found. I well recollect telling


Mr. Spaulding that the so frequent use of the words














here in 1812, and

furnished him the

means to carry him to Pittsburgh, where he said he would get the book printed and pay me. But I never heard any more from him or his writings, till I saw them in the Book of Mormon.




SPRINGFIELD, Pa., September, 1833. In the year 1811, I was in the employ of Henry Lake and Solomon Spaulding, at Conneaut, engaged in rebuilding a forge. While there, I boarded and lodged in the family of said Spaulding for several months. I was soon introduced to the manu-

and perused them as often as I had leisure. had written two or three books or pamphlets on different subjects; but that which more particularly drew my attention was one which he called the "Manuscript Found." From this
scripts of Spaulding,




he would frequently read some humorous passages to the company present. It purported to be the history of the first settlement of America, before discovered by Columbus. He brought them off from Jerusalem, under their leaders; detailing their travels by land and water, their manners, customs, laws, wars, &c. He said that he designed it as an historical novel, and that in after years it would be believed by many people as much as the history of England. He soon after failed in business, and told me he would retire from the din of his creditors, finish his book and have it published, which would enable him to pay his debts and support his family. He soon after removed to Pittsburgh, as



have recently examined the Book of Mormon, and find in it the writings of Solomon Spaulding, from beginning to end, but mixed up with Scripture and other religious matter, which I did not meet with in the "Manuscript Found." Many of the passages in the Mormon book are verbatim from Spaulding, and
others in part. The names of Nephi, Lehi, Moroni, and :n fact the principal names, are brought fresh to my recollection by the Golden Bible. When Spaulding divested 1.1s history of its

fabulous names, by a verbal explanation, he landed Lis people near the Straits of Darien, which I am very confident Le called

Zarahemla; they were marched about that country for a length of time, in which wars and great bloodshed ensued; he brought them across North America in a northeast direction. JOHN N. MILLER.

CONNEAUT, AugUSt, 1833. became acquainted with Solomon Spaulding in 1808 or '9, when he commenced building a forge on Conneaut Creek. When at his house, one day, he showed and read to me a history he was writing, of the lost tribes of Israel, purporting that they were the first settlers of America, and that the Indians were their descendants. Upon this subject we had frequent conversations. He traced their journey from Jerusalem ta America,


given in the Book of Mormon, excepting the religious The historical part of the Book of Mormon I know to be the same as I read and heard read from the writings of




more than twenty years ago;

the names,





He told me his are the same without any alteration. to account for all the fortifications, &c., to be found in this country, and said that in time it would be fully believed


I once anticipated all, except learned men and historians. reading his writings in print, but little expected to see them in a new Bible. Spaulding had many other manuscripts, which I In conexpect to see when Smith translates his other plate.


names of, and most of the hisBook of Mormon, were as familiar to me before I read it, as most modern history. If it is not Spaulding's writing, it is the same as he wrote and if Smith was inspired, I think it was by the same spirit that Spaulding was, which he confessed to be the love of money. AARON WRIGHT.

will observe, that the

torical part of the


CONNEAUT, AugUSt, 1833. Spaulding first came to this place, he purchased a tract of land, surveyed it out, and commenced selling it. While engaged in this business, he boarded at my house, in All his leisure hours were occupied in all nearly six months. writing an historical novel, founded upon the first settlers of He said he intended to trace their journey from this country.

When Solomon

Jerusalem, by land and sea, till their arrival in America; give an account of their arts, sciences, civilization, wars, and contentions.

of the old

In this way, he would give a satisfactory account of mounds so common to this country. During the

time he was at pages or more.


house, I read and heard read one hundred Nephi and Lehi were by him represented as

leading characters,

when they


started for America.


main object was to escape the judgments which they supposed were coming upon the old world. But no religious matter was
I now recollect. Just before he left this place, Spaulding sent for me to call on him, which I did. He then said that although he was in my debt, he intended to leave the country, and hoped I would not prevent him. For, says he, you know I have been writing the history of the first settlement of America, and I intend to go to Pittsburgh, and there live a retired life, till I have completed the work, and when it is printed, it will bring me a fine sum of money, which will enable me to return and pay off all my debts. The book, you know,

introduced as

will sell, as every


anxious to learn something upon that I heard of Spaulding or his book, came into the neighborhood. When I heard the historical part of it related, I at once said it was the writings of old Solomon Spaulding. Soon after, I obtained the book, and on reading it, found much of it the same as Spaulding had written, more than twenty years before.


This was the last subject. until the Book of Mormon


I first


CONNEAUT, AugUSt, 1833. became acquainted with Solomon Spaulding, in Decem1810. After that time, I frequently saw him at his house,

at my house. I once, in conversation with him, expressed a surprise at not having any account of the inhabitants once in this country, who erected the old forts, mounds, &c.

and also

was writing a history of that race of frequently showed me his writings, which I read. I have lately read the Book of Mormon, and believe it to be the same as Spaulding wrote, except the religious
then told
that he




and afterwards





in Pittsburgh,

and he thought that

that he intended to get his writings published in one century from that time,

would be believed as much as any other




In the month of October, 1811, I went from the township of Madison to Conneaut, for the purpose of securing a debt due me from Solomon Spaulding, I tarried with him nearly two days, for the purpose of accomplishing my object, which I was I found him destitute of the means of finally unable to do.

paying his debts. His only hope of ever paying his debts appeared to be upon the sale of a book which he had been writing. He endeavored to convince me from the nature and character of the work, that it would meet with a ready sale. Before show-

he went into a verbal relation of its was a fabulous or romantic history of the first settlement of this country, and as it purported to have been a record found buried in the earth, or in a cave, he had adopted
his manuscripts,


outlines, saying that

the ancient or Scripture style of writing.


then presented his

and began nearly every paragraph with "And it came to pass" and "Now it came to pass. the following points are established First." It could not. "I recollect as distinctly as though although the general features of the memory. and am fully of the opinion that Solomon Spaulding had written its outlines before he left was but yesterday. it was also written in Scripture style. He attempted to account for the numerous antiquities which are found upon this continent. Howe in 1834. Lamanites. therefore. Laban. "Manuscript Found" was devoid of the matter found in the Book of Mormon. and conversing upon them. Secondly. when we sat down. have been identical with the manuscript found in Honolulu. Nephi. story have passed from my it Conneaut. Nephi." Mormon names. This completes the original testimony on the "ManuBy it script Found" as given by E. through the lapse of twenty-two years. his account of the first inhabitants of America would be considered as authentic as any other history. The Mormon Bible I have partially examined. Nephites. after this generation had passed away. which appeared to be the principal hero of the story. and remarked that. and the most important of them. member the name of Nephi. hence religious this must have been added later. this manuscript agreed with the Book of in its general historical outline and proper it containing such proper names as Lehi. Zarahemla and Moroni. which does not contain these introductory expressions. the Are these coincidences purely accidental? . presumably by Rigdon." I The frequent repetition of the phrase. one of these manuscripts. bore the title of the "Manuscript Found. Thirdly. Fifthly. and spent a good share of the I well renight in reading them. : Solomon Spaulding wrote several manuscripts which he was fond of exhibiting to his acquaintances. Fourthly. D.102 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF manuscripts.

THE TESTIMONY OF JOSEPH MILLER. I and as the fashion was at that day. we in the would state that I was worked in Amity. He afterwards removed to Pittsburgh.. I 20. C. or of the people who built them. but it could not be found. He said there was a man named Sidney Rigdon about the office. 441. and a particular friend of Solomon Spaulding while he resided at that place. Pa. (8) . In a letter to Thomas Gregg. The work was very odd. The passage you it. He He me publish copy and moved to Amity. He afterhave his MS. The words "Moreover. Bennett. other witnesses have borne testimony to the close resemblance of the "Manuscript Found" to the Book of Mormon. even as touching certain details. He left the wards went back to 1 "Prophet of Palmyra." pp." house he lived in Ohio when he wrote his manuscript. Washington Co. The Testimony of Other Witnesses Joseph Miller Ruddick McKee Abner Jackson The Mormon Admissions of Genuineness The Disclosures of J. Patterson." "And it came to pass. Jan. Joseph Miller was a resident of Amity. and while there he took his manuscript to Mr. 1882. Patterson told him if he would write a title page he would told said he lost his health. Pennsylvania. familiar with his Solomon Spaulding. he 1 says: TEN DEAR lived. then engaged in a publishing house." occurred so often that the boys about the village called him "Old Came to Pass. and kept a little store to support his family. Mr. MILE. and he frequently would read from his manuscript. and he commenced writing a history of the mounds near where he lived..THE BOOK OF MORMON 103 CHAPTER VII. 442. published. SIR: In answer to yours. and they thought he had stolen it. where he all assembled at evenings (as he kept tavern). Since 1834.

where I was a boarder. as they had been imprinted on my mind by reading Spaulding's manuscript. Some time ago I heard most of the Book of Mormon read.). I think. his grave. 1879. Thos. on page marked with red THE TRUE ORIGIN OP 148. as to "Lamanites" it is not so distinct." I recollect distinctly.104 refer to. of Washington.1 THE TESTIMONY OF RUDDICK M'KEE. and a great many other names that were very odd. The MS. and had frequent conversations with him about it. from the pen of Mr. in which the soldiers of one army placed a red mark on their foreheads." p. Miller: to take great delight in reading I we Mr. is in reference to being in their foreheads. Sometimes spelled Redick. as Cooper has it. chapter II. Spaulding seemed his manuscript written from heard him read most if not all of it. Brice. to distinguish them from their enemies. JOSEPH MILLER. Spaulding was a very poor man during his stay at Amity. that I saw. 42. In the Washington (Pennsylvania) Reporter for April 21. would not. I was very familiar with him. but the very words. find the following In the Pittsburgh Telegraph of February 6. bailed him for money at least twice and by request of Spaulding. "Nephites. It was on Main street. my mind not only the narrative. a few doors west of Spaulding's Tavern. . Ruddick" McKee. make as large a book as the Book of Mormon. assisted his wife some in settling up his little business made his coffin and helped lay him in . as occurring very often. said in regard to Spaulding and his romance In the : fall of 1814 I arrived in the village of "Good WS1P and for eighteen or twenty months sold goods in the store previously occupied by Mr. . District of Columbia. With both Mr. 1879. Solomon Spaulding and his wife I was quite in1 "Braden-Kelley Debate. On hearing read the account of the battle between the Amlicites and the Nephites (Book of Alma. it seemed to reproduce in on foolscap.

in Conneaut. not disguising ing much time in writing that it was wholly a work of the imagination. fulness lection and of sincerity of the author. with a dark complexion. Otsego County." pp. near wher? of the present century. It was said that failing health caused him to resign the pastorate. rather slow of speech. Spaulding spend(on sheets of paper torn out of an old book) what purported to be a veritable history of the nations or tribes who inhabited Canaan. The following statement of Rev. Miller about the Amlicites making a cross with red paint on their foreheads to 1 distinguish them from enemies in the confusion of battle. Ohio. D. 444-450. and he was much respected by those of his acquaintance. 1812. December 1880 ': It is 20. the passage referred to I THE TESTIMONY OF ABNER JACKSON. of rather slender build. that I The evidence of Canton. New York. never trifling." "Lost Manuscript. who heard him preach. 1 my f other lived. black hair. Ohio. a small village in Ashtabula County. . but seldom laughing His deportment was grave and dignified in society. I was struck with the minuteness of his details and the apparent truth- have an indistinct recolby Mr. have already given is sufficient to establish the plagiarism. pleasant in conversation. I recollect 105 quite well Mr. He was a clergyman of the Presbyterian order. had origin from a romance that Book of was written by Solomon Spaulding. started a store. and for a time a settled So said his brother John pastor in the city of New York. He called it "Lost History Found. p. "Prophet of Palmyra. Abner Jackson." or some such name. but I introduce one more testimony. He then came to Richfield. and aloud. was communicated to the Washington County (Pennsylvania) Historical Society. Spaulding was a highly educated man about six feet high. about the beginning Schroeder. 46. written to amuse himself and without any immediate view to publication. a fact well established that the book called the its Mormon. Spaulding and others in the neighborhood. black eyes.THE BOOK OF MORMON timately acquainted. about A.

He begins with their departure from Palestine. of and earth mounds. 1 then up through Asia. the account was afterwards changed. This romance. Said Morse. especially when they built their craft for passing over the straits. In building this he failed. . where the town of Albion now stands. Ohio. At that time I was confined to the house with a lame knee. hardships and sufferings. New York. the farm on which he told his romance. because the Book of Mormon ha* them come across the Pacific Ocean to South America. on each side of the state line. conrelics and human bones. and two miles from the state line. and moved on it A. altogether convinced him that they were a larger race and more enlightened and civilized than are found among the Indians among us at this day. A note in Morse's Geography suggested it as a possibility that our Indians were descendents of the lost tribes of Israel. for land in Erie County.. two miles from Conneaut Harbor. in both Pennsylvania and Ohio. Spaulding sold his store in Richfield. they might have wandered through Asia and moved to Conneaut. Ashtabula County. and some of taining so them so large. points out their exposures. a short time before he moved from Conneaut to Pittsburgh. sold out. and built a forge on Conneaut Creek. also their disputes and quarrels. explained his views of the old fortifications in this country. commenced to write his famous romance called by him the Manuscript Found. and up to Behring's Strait. Pa. Spaulding brought with him on a visit to my father. Mr. and in conversation with him. D. purporting to be a history fortifications Then the old many kinds of of the lost tribes of Israel. Spaulding contracted for large tracts of land along the shore of Lake Erie. 1805. My father exchanged with him. and so I was in company with them and heard the conversation that passed between them. and about the beginning of the year 1812. These facts and reflections prompted him to write his Romance. Then after their 1 If Spaulding's "Manuscript Found" gave this migrational direction. Besides there were habits and ceremonies among them that reIsraelites sembled some habits and ceremonies among the that day. or Judea. and across the strait to this continent. It was then a dense forest. Spaulding read much of his manuscript to my father.106 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF lived in Otsego County. Shortly after my father moved.

at was a recruiting officer in the U. Beaver Co. in short. Y. a wild. Soon after this visit. he gave an account of their divisions and subdivisions under different leaders. in one of those mounds. I do not remember that anything more was said of him. for the benefit of mankind. and Sometimes one party was successful and sometimes the other. and then commenced war anew. and he was Chief Prophet and He was notified of the defeat in time by Divine Recorder.THE BOOK OF MORMON 107 landing. D. except at very short intervals. Onondaga Co. for the education of their children. Washington County. savage life. The last account he gave us of them and she was sewing up clothing The next we heard of them was by report. Jackson. I do not remember what that fate was.. one of which was but a few rods from Spaulding's residence. and to a life of civilization.. One of them of God. He was left alone of his party. 1840. wicked. until finally All the a terrible battle was fought. intending to in this Spaulding moved to Pittsburgh.. When I was returning from Clarksburg. Spaulding moved to Amity. They contended for a life of idleness. and settled down to cultivate the soil. Being well acquainted with Spaulding and his lady. righteous were slain. A. J. Spaulding's romance professed to find the record where the Recorder concealed it. His wife and daughter went to her brother. to my home in New Brighton. hunted the grave of Spaulding and copied from was that he was selling pictures for the soldiers. and brought to They soon quarreled.. which was conclusive. and stationed Pittsburgh at that time. S. the headstone the following inscription: . The others were idolaters. and in his letters home would inform us how they were getting along. when and how to conceal the record. but he failed. I passed through Amity. J. So the Recorder professed to do. authority. and soon after died and was buried there. was called the righteous. to the Pittsburgh Gazette office. Va. Pa. priests and teachers. and He would take care that it should be preserved. he soon found them. continued to fight. and then submitted to his fate.. except one. but two parties controlled the balance. told where. Lawyer Sabine. Pa. N. My brother. Onondaga Valley. Army. W. and took his manuscript have it printed. worshipers and servants These organized with prophets. light again at the proper time.

skies. was a father's newspaper. Moroni. telling the traveling from the same plain." and amused them as he progressed with his work. and he should report it to a third person. "Kind cherubs guard the sleeping Until the great decision day. The Book of Mormon follows the romance too closely to be a stranger. the Book of Mormon. Nephites. He wrote it in Bible style. and it It is true there are some follows the romance very closely. The first account notice in of the Book of Mormon that i saw. 1816. In both many persons appear havinr the same name. who should write it in plain English.. my N. Y. who departed this Oct. Smith was incred- ulous and did not go until the second or third time he dreamed the same dream. This purports to be a history of the lost tribes of the Children of Is- Some N.. a New Revelation." So much for Spaulding's romance. according to his dreams. same way. enlarging the production some- rael. Maroni.108 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP "IN MEMORY OF life Solomon Spaulcling. called the Book of Mormon. Y. Lama. and he would find a gold-leaf Bible. D. 2oth. Aged ss years. having the same . Lamanite. And saints complete in glory To share the triumph of the rise. in 1830.s written. Here then we are presented with romance second. without changing its main features.. another statement appeared that an angel had consented to read and interpret it to Joseph Smith. verbal alterations and additions.. the book was published at Palmyra. Some time after. what. stating that Joseph Smith. he found the golden Bible. clay. Mormon. time after. Nephe and others. But it was written in a language so ancient that none could be found able either to read it or tell in what language it \vr. so that all might read the new Bible and understand its import. now for the Book of Spaulding frequently read his manuscript to the neighbors Mormon. professed having dreamed that an angel had appeared to him and told him to go and search in a place he named in Palmyra. as. Jr. and. called It begins with them just where the romance did. "And it came to pass" occurred so often that some called him "Old Come to Pass. in the same story of the same people. to his surprise. A. Then he said he went.

Mormon destination. a new Bible : ! it was brought to Conneaut and read there in public. where all the righteous were slain. and exclaimed. in all essential particulars I know to She relates those acts as they occurred to my own be true. Wright heard it. old Esq. except by letters and newspapers. the others were called Lamanites (see Moroni's account of the closing scene). sixteen years after Spaulding'c death. McKinstry. though she was then a little girl. was in 1832. He soon moved to Amity. I am particular to notice these things to show that I had an opportunity of knowing what I am writing about. Pa. When the second claims to be a revelation of God. This 'Squire Wright lived on c. that it follows the romance so closely. and on the 613. 614. contained a note and affidavit of Mrs. They were called the Nephites. "and now it came to pass that a great battle was cept Moroni). 1880. Solomon Spaulding's only child. The most singular part of the whole matter is. I heard that an article in Scribner's Monthly. ." Book of 344. it mattereth not. until they moved to Pittsburgh. I sent at once for the Monthly. Then see account of the last battle at Cumorah. now about seventy-five years of age. Her statement from the commencement. 1 How much this resembles the closing scene in the Manuscript Found. After I commenced writing this article. 615 and 616 pages. She is personal knowledge." Here was the place where Spaulding wrote and read his manuscript to the neighbors for their amusement and This 'Squire Wright had often heard him read his romance. with this difference the first claims to be a romance . fought at Cumorah. "Old Come to Pass has come to life again. page third American edition. Washington County.. and shortly 1 This is not an exact quotation. Matilda S. I was acquainted with him for twenty-five years. The Lamanites slew all the Nephites (exand he said. Mormon.THE BOOK OF MORMON difficulties 109 and same the results. I lived on his farm when I was a boy and attended school in the village. in the earth. same battles and with thousands upon thousands slain. stating that she remembered her father's romance. with the same wars. farm just outside of the little village. I stated before that I knew nothing of Spaulding after he moved to Pittsburgh. for August. I will write and hide up the Record and whither I go. found the article and her testimony. on the Book of Mormon.

. and one by the latter's wife. Martha Spaulding. I have not seen her since she was a little girl. His daughter's account of the deceitful method by which Hurlburt gained possession of and retained Spaulding's manuscript. Ohio. made and of these testimonies. important and should not be lost sight of. I wish. 20. I submit the cede its genuineness. cation of the truth by her unvarnished statement of what she remembered of her father's romance." and recognized in it the the general outlines of Solomon Spaulding's story. a number of affidavits were taken from former neighbors and friends of Solomon Spaulding. McKinstry's state- ment fills a gap in my account from Spaulding's removal to Pittsburgh. pages 465 and 466: fall of 1833. following extract from the pen of Elder Brigham H. closely to Le anything else than a borrowed proI think that Mrs. Pennsylvania. and one was given by his brother. I mean that they were subscribed to by the parties to whom they are ac- . heard Spaulding read much of his romance to my father and explain his views and reasons for writing it. and both testified that they had "recently read the Book of Mormon. I also have seen and read the Book of Mormon. is. 1880. Roberts. to the death of his wife in 1844.110 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF this after he died and his wife went to her brother's. and it follows Spaulding's romance too duction from the romance. that the truth may be vindicated by the truth beyond any reasonable doubt. but I have seen both of these productions. they con1 As proof of this. John Spaulding. (Signed) ABNER JACKSON. Dec. THE MORMON ADMISSIONS OF GENUINENESS. if my statement is published that hers also be published. claimed especially 1 By the genuineness actually credited. with it. I She was no think. CANTON. I think she has done her part well in the vindichild then. taken from the Associations Man- ual" for 1905-1906. of the "Young Men's Mutual Improvement In the Utah Mormon Church. While the Mormons deny the truthfulness of the testimony in this and the preceding chapter. They at the time were residing in Crawford.

saying in effect that on reading the Book of Mormon he at once recognized it as the writings of Solomon Spaulding." the words "Nephites and Lamanites." Aaron Wright the foregoing. theory parties that the Spaulding Subsequently many others claimed to have information upon the subject." which he was confident he called "Zarahemla. he waited upon Solomon Spaulding at his home in New Salem. living at Conneaut in the fall of 1833." Mr. ding's story. according to Spaulwere descendants of the "lost tribes" of Israel. testified that Solomon Spaulding read to him from the "Manuscript Found. and that he suggested to Mr. John N." as also the ancient scriptural style and the frequent use of the phrase "and it came to pass. recently read the Book religious part of it was the same as that written by Spaulding." that it represented the American Indians as the de- scendants of the "lost tribes" of Israel. Geauga county. the religious matter. testified substantially to the same things as That the American Indians. to collect debts. testified that in 1811 after partially examining the Book of Mormon he became convinced that Spaulding had written its outlines before he left Conneaut. Miller testified substantially to the same things saying in addition that Spaulding's story landed his colony near the "Straits of Darien. and gave affidavits and statements to newspapers almost ad infinitum. living in the same neighborhood. constantly varying the claims and rests. and claims especially that the historical part of the Book of Mormon is substantially what he heard read from the "Manuscript Found" though he excepts out of the work. Oliver Smith testified substantially to the same things. as not being Spaulding's. or "lost tribes of Israel. Ohio." and that the American Indians are descendents of the Jews. Spaulding that the frequent use of the phrase "and it came to pass" rendered the book ridiculous. an associate in business with Mr. living in Perry. Spaulding.THE BOOK OF MORMON 111 to remember the names "Nephi and Lehi. Henry Lake. in connection with others that will be named. of Nahum Howard testified that he had Mormon and believed that all but the Artemas Cunningham. and that the latter read to him on that occasion some parts of his manuscript story. It is upon the testimony of these .

"The Spaulding Story Re-examined." of Book Mormon. Martha Spaulding states. "I Nephi. John Spaulding tells what his brother told him. the same general facts. Howe says: We all testifying to the trouble to procure the statements of but few. are of that class 1 that gives secondary or hearsay evidence. all of whom are the most respectable men. Of the eight whose testimonies are given in the preceding chapter. historically that she read him. but we have not taken impeachable. men established by the admissions of these gentlethat the testimonies given were really borne by the individuals to whom they are ascribed. under the accumulation. than the whole statements of these parties it is." page 6: The witnesses.112 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF adding items that so burdened the theory with inconsistencies and contradictions that it breaks down. he believes that Spaulding wrote the outlines before leaving Conneaut. the more weight 'Compare word of any one of them would have any respectable community. and their characters for truth and veracity are un- might therefore introduce a great number of witnesses. that having read the ago. as found in his pamphlet. she has no doubt it is the same and heard read more than twenty years Nahum Howard states only what he says Spaulding told Artemas Cunningham recollects an expression. with scarcely an exception. as occurring in the reading of a manuscript by Spaulding but pleads the lapse of twenty-two years as accounting for a failure After a partial exto remember more fully the general plot. I now pass to prove that the latter were persons of excellent reputa- Having tion for honesty and veracity. D. further proof of the genuineness of the testimony already given. and highly esteemed for their moral worth. I submit the following admission from the As pen of Joseph Smith. as we shall see. In in fact. president of the Reorganized Church. E. this assertion carefully with the and see how wide of the truth . amination.

1905. in 1834. and a large owner of real-estate. and was one of the pioneers of the vicinity. and he further says: I was living in my father's home in the township of Richmond. D. that time Ashtabula Co. O.. Mr. and was also one of the first settlers of the vicinity. TUTTLE. Britton. O. N. Y. being duly sworn. from about 1836 until about 1848.. I also offer Ohio: OF OHIO. ss< J Before me. which statements are published in E." published knew said Wright and Lake at Painesville. H. THE STATE Lake County. on his oath says: That he is is now a resident of Painesville in said county. and owned a flouring-mill which was reported to be the first mill of its kind built in that vicinity. N. Wright then lived in the village of Conneaut. that I well. of Painesville. ") the following affidavit of Mr. who. J. Wright. 113 who have told about hearing witnesses. personally appeared J. H.. Lake also lived near Mr. Howe's "History of Mormonism" or "Mor- monism Unveiled. As throwing light upon the reputation of two of our Aaron Wright and Henry Lake.. BRITTON. J. Mr. the voice of an angel. In this chapter and the preceding. Onondaga Co. a notary public in and for said county. that Spaulding's we have established bled the Book of Mormon "Manuscript Found" resemin general historical outline . and now of the age of seventy-two years. that they were men of good reputation for truth and veracity. was born in the town of Van Buren. and during I became and was acquainted with Aaron Wright and Henry Lake. (Seal) Notary public in and for said county. and were in every way well esteemed and respected in the community where they lived. in said county. And further affiant sayeth not. day of June.THE BOOK OF MORMON family of Smiths and Whitmers. two of the persons who have furnished statements as to the origin of the Book of Mormon. Subscribed in my presence and sworn to before me this 22d G. H. three things: First.. Britton.

Here he rapidly grew in favor with the prophet Joseph Smith and the Mormon people until he was ele- summer of 1840 and soon vated to the position of "assistant president" Church during the illness of Sidney Rigdon. Amlicites and Zarahemla.. when they quarreled and Bennett left Nauvoo. who have veracity was unimpeachable. BENNETT. Solomon Spaulding. THE DISCLOSURES OF JOHN state of Illinois. placed by him in Smith's possession.114 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF in and such proper names as Lehi. This I have from the Confederation. Nephi. Lamanites. of Springfield. are genuine.M. There never were any plates of the Book of Mormon. by adding the religious portion. that the character of these individuals was considered the best and their reputation for honesty and viduals. ' of the The in- timacy between Smith and Bennett continued until the summer of 1842. Vol. that the originally written by the Rev." and placed by him in the printing-office of Patterson and Lambdin. Nephites. and his book. Secondly. Laman. from whence it was taken by a conspicuous Mormon divine. that the testimonies of the eleven indi- certified to these facts. Quartermaster General of the became a convert to Mormonism in the after removed to the city of Nauvoo. excepting what were seen 1 See Times and Seasons. John C. he published an expose of the conditions in that city through the columns of the San- gamo Journal. "Mormonism Exposed. he says : I will remark Book of Mormon was here. II. C.. Dr. A. and then published to the world as the testimony exemplifies. Bennett. in the city of Pittsburg." On the origin of the Book of Mormon. as a romance. and re-modeled. Illinois. and entitled the "Manuscript Found. Later. in confirmation of the above. 3&7- . p. and of its perfect correctness there is not the shadow of a doubt. Thirdly.

Bennett says further: "Shortly pp. Joe promised to me to go to New York and get some plates engraved. Mrs. eyes of the witnesses. friend of Bennett and who was on the verge of leaving the after I located in Mormons at this time himself. C. which he pretended had been taken from him and 'hid up' by an angel. J. The Mormons answer this and other disclosures of Bennett by saying that he had been cut off from the church. as his story with what others have testified to. Sarah M. I beagrees perfectly lieve that it must be accepted as true." Mrs. we venture to say that no man deserves the appellations of 'popular and deserving' more than Gen. But they can not deny that before his apostasy he was held in the very highest esteem. Pratt confirmed it fully and stated also that Bennett had reported to her thi conversation with Joseph on the very day when it happened. by this trick." Times and Seasons. I mentioned this proposition to Mrs. Dr. and that his testimony is all a lie. 1 The story of the plates chimerical. 116 and not the is all natural.* or that he enjoyed the confidence of the other men did. Bennett.. 175). &c. Wyl. which he intended to exhibit at twenty-five cents a sight. as there would of course be a great anxiety to see the plates. and requested her to keep it in memory. and bring them to him. The 'conspicuous Mormon leaders as few ' Mormon who was 1 divine" a warm was none other than Sidney Rigdon." Was there ever a bigger grafter than Joseph Smith? 2 Here is one of the many good things said about Bennett by the Mormon press before his apostasy: "We would say. and which he would He calculated upon making considerable money profess to have recovered. gence to aid the literature afflicted and intelligence. that if untiring dili- and the oppressed. says: "When asked by me in the spring of 1885 about this statement of John C. Pratt. as it might be of much im- "Mormonism Exposed. 123. Pratt afterwards confirmed Bennett's stateportance" (p. on the day the Prophet made it." p.THE BOOK OF MORMON by the spiritual. ment. are evidences of popularity. Nauvoo. so that he could exhibit them as the genuine plates of the Book of Mormon. that he was therefore sore at the Prophet. zeal for the promotion of and a virtuous and consistent conduct. . 21. Bennett. "Mormon Portraits. 124. Therefore. 2: 351.

The place of his birth is variously estimated at from six to twelve 1 miles from Pittsburgh. and after that until his twenty-sixth year. p. In the month of May following. with 1823. 1822. . Sidney Rigdon was born at Piney Fork. the assistance of Alexander Campbell and Walter Scott. Harrison Lambdin Suspected of Stealing the Manuscript Exhibits the Manuscript Foretells the Coming Out of the Book of Mormon. Allegheny County. but who was afterwards prominently connected with the movement of the Campbells. and began October n. a sister of the wife of Adamson Bentley. and was licensed to preach in March. he was excluded for heresy. May 31. 15. He lived on the farm with his parents up to the time of his father's death in 1810. 1793. 1819. The following year he was ordained a Baptist minister and was married to Phoebe Brooks. 1821. He united with the Baptist Church at Piney Fork. On He continued to preach for the Disciples up to the time that he became a 1 Mormon in November. 1817. or till 1819. February 19. who at that time was a minister in the Baptist Church. Rigdon received a call from the Baptist Church of Pittsburgh. In November. Pennsylvania. Ohio.ORIGIN OF CHAPTER VIII. organized a Disciple church of which he became the pastor.116 THE TRUE . 2 Some accounts say in December. his pastoral duties in February. Rigdon's Connection with the Spaulding Romance His Relations with J. he removed to Trumbull County.' 1830. Schroeder. and. subsequently.






In the year 1812, Spaulding removed from Conneaut, Ohio, to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in order to have his "Manuscript Found" published. At this time, Robert

firm of Patterson
uary, iSiS.
lations of

Patterson was in the printing business in that city in the & Hopkins, which continued until Jan-

During the years 1812-16,


which the


Spaulding with Patterson existed, J. Harrison Lambdin was an employe at the printing-office. It has

been claimed that Rigdon was also employed by Patterson at this time, but this claim lacks proof. However,
the facts are established that he

was a

particular friend

of Lambdin and that he spent considerable of his time lounging around the office. As establishing this point,

submit the testimony of Mrs. R.


Eichbaum, given



My father, John Johnson, was postmaster at Pittsburg for about eighteen years, from 1804 to 1822. My husband, William Eichbaum, succeeded him, and was postmaster for about eleven years, from 1822 to 1833. I was born August 25, 1792, and when
became old enough, I assisted my father in attending to the and became familiar with his duties. From 1811 to 1816, I was the regular clerk in the office, assorting, making up, dispatching, opening and distributing the mails. Pittsburg was then a small town, and I was well acquainted with all the stated


visitors at the office


called regularly for their mails.


were the mails that I could generally tell without looking whether or not there was anything for such persons, though I would usually look in order to satisfy them. I was married in 1815, and the next year my connection with


at that time

the office ceased, except during the absences of

knew and




remember Robert and Joseph Patterson, J. Harrison Lambdin, Silas Engles and Sidney Rigdon. I redistinctly

member Rev. Mr.

called to inquire for letters.

Spaulding, but simply as one who occasionally I remember there was an evident



They very often came remember that they would come during the hour on Sabbath afternoon when the office required to be open, and I remember feeling sure that Rev. Patterson knew nothing of this, or he would have put a to it. I do not know what position, if any, Rigdon filled
I particularly

intimacy between Lambdin and Rigdon.
to the office together.



stop in Patterson's store or printing office, but am well assured he was frequently, if not constantly, there for a large part of the time when I was clerk in the postoffice. I recall Mr. Engles say-

ing that "Rigdon was always hanging around the printing office." He was connected with the tannery before he became a preacher,

though he may have continued the business whilst preaching.

The testimony of Mrs. Eichbaum nullifies the claim of certain Mormon writers that "Sidney Rigdon never was at Pittsburgh, or any other place, at the same time
as Mr. Spaulding's manuscript was there, and therefore he could not have seen or read it." While he may not * have lived at Pittsburgh until he assumed the pastorate

of the Baptist Church of that

city, it is

very improbable,

lay aside the foregoing statement, that he was never there before that event, as his parents' farm was only between six and twelve miles distant and as he con-




tinued to reside with his mother until the year 1819. Spaulding's Romance was stolen from Patterson's estab-

lishment in 1815 or 1816, at which time Rigdon was twenty-three or twenty- four years of age. To contend, therefore, that a young man that old, in good health and

mental vigor, would


but a few miles distant from

the leading city and chief trading-point of that part of the country and never visit it, is so absurd that it is not






"Myth of the Manuscript Found," p. 23. The testimonies that Mormons present (see "Myth,





prove that Rigdon could not have stolen the manuscript simply prove that But he he did not live in Pittsburgh before 1822, and this we concede. This Mormons have to did live only a few miles from there until 1819.


and while there lounged around the printing-office. 1 and confided to him After the death of Spaulding. On this point. or was susI recollect distinctly that Rigdon's name pected of taking it." p." p. would publish it.THE BOOK OP MORMON worth consideration. 44. Spaulding told me that Sidney Rigdon had taken it. Pennsylvania. says : My recollection is that Spaulding left a transcript of the manuscript with Patterson for publication. if he. After being at Amity some time. so he had ample opportunity charged. says again: Patterson said he. that while Rigdon lived at Piney Fork. to steal the manuscript as has been RIGDON SUSPECTED OF THE THEFT. but he was also suspected of being the thief by Spaulding himself. Dickinson and dated at Ten Mile. 119 The fact is. In the meantime the manuscript was spirited away. the theft. 1 This same gentleman. 1882.-a preface. whose testimony upon another occasion we have given. and could not be found. Dr. Patterson. Rigdon not only had the opportunity to steal the manuscript. he was frequently in Pittsburgh. would write a title page. SpauldHe told me he kept a little store ing. he called it the lost manuscript found. Dodd pur- * "Braden-Kelley Debate. took his title page. The publication was delayed until Spaulding could write. February 13. was mentioned in connection with it. "New Light on Mormonism. When he went to Pittsburg. Joseph Miller. the manuscript could not be found. in Pittsburg. 140. He then moved to Amity. in a letter to Mrs. With him Spaulding was his suspicions of very confidential. he went back to Pittsburg. Ellen E. leaving a copy of the manuscript in Patterson's hands. 1 a man by the name of Sidney Rigdon (who) had stole it. The illness physician who attended Spaulding during his last was Dr. or had been. He said there was. (9) . Cephas Dodd.

June 6. . curiosity. J. Dr. Mrs. G. Amos Dunlap. and I am prepared to testify that Spaulding told me that his work was entitled. Rigdon took out of his desk in his study a stating that it was a Bible romance purporting to be a history of the American Indians. 1831. but his testimony is vouched for by Rev. Winter testifies as follows a member of : In 1822 or large 3. was his church and a schoolteacher of that city. JUNE 6. who had taken it to the printers to see if it would pay to publish And that he (Rigdon) had borrowed it from the printer as a it. A. Kirk and Mrs. M. Under date of December 7. Dr. a Presbyterian preacher whose health had failed and MS. after reading it. Winter died at Sharon. Bonsall. mainly and wickedly copied CEPHAS DODD. 1831 : This work. wrote as follows from Warren.. That it was written by one. RIGDON EXHIBITS THE MANUSCRIPT. who was suspicioned by Spaulding with purloining his manuscript from the publishing- house to which he had taken it. in the year 1878." p." believe that this From his description of its contents. Spaulding. A. Pennsylvania. probably by Sidney Rigdon. Ohio: 1 Irvine. of the Nephites. "The Manuor Unearthed Records script Found in the Wilds of Mormon .120 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF chased a copy of the Book of Mormon. 1879. Rigdon. 49. Mary W. John Winter. a niece of Mrs.D. 1 Dr. Solomon Spaulding. While he was pastor of the Baptist Church of Pittsburgh. Rev. and. inscribed the following on one of the fly-leaves. Winter's daughter. "Braden-Kelley Debate. has been made from writings of Spaulding. I am convinced by facts related to me by my deceased patient. Rev. The next step in the history of this manuscript is its exhibition by Rigdon. his son-in-law. I fully is Book of Mormon from it.

1841. he foretold the coming out of a book describing the ancient inhabitants of America. he was so completely occupied that he seemed en1 tirely unconscious of anything passing around him. I was much gratified to hear DEAR BROTHER SCOTT: Your favor of from you and family. indeed. Rigdon went to his bedroom and took from a trunk which he kept locked. In the Millennial Harbinger for 1844. and no one else. we are warranted. the 7th December is received. in the light of the other evidences adduced. Ohio. : Since Rigdon. She then added: "I mean to burn that paper. and the answer to your acceptable letter has been deferred. there appeared the following letter from Adamson Bentley. Winter three or four years before. His wife at that moment came into the room and exclaimed "What. Rigdon's family. this will be a great thing some day. you are studying that thing again?" or something to that effect. at least three years before the Book of Mormon appeared. During my visit." He said: "No. the fireplace and commenced reading it. and talk over our toils and anxieties in the cause of our blessed Redeemer.. Rigdon's brother-inlaw: SOLON. He my aunt. a certain manuHe came out into the other room and seated himself by script. (1826-27). p. on the loth. Rigdon did not stop with the exhibition of this manuscript. I returned from Philadelphia." reading this. Pa. Mr. . 1 Schrocder. you will Whenever he was not. but would be much more so to see you once more in the flesh. has ever claimed that he himself wrote such a manuscript. page 39.THE BOOK OF MORMON married 121 When I was quite a child I visited Mr. RIGDON FORETELLS THE COMING OUT OF THE BOOK OF MORMON. They at that time lived at Bainbridge. 24. in believing that this was none other than the romance of Solomon Spaulding which he had exhibited to Dr. January 22.

and In the same paper. and Campbell corrected his mistake in the same issue. I cannot say he it from me. and may they repent of this their wickedness! May the Lord bless you. This is about all I can say. except the year in which it occurred. The Mormon book has nothing of 1 baptism for the remission of sins in it. Jr. and of course at the time Rigdon got Solomon Spaulding's manuscript he did not in possession of respecting learnt understand the scriptures on that subject. editor. to interrogate Brother Bentley touching his recollection of it. The same I communicated to brother A.122 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF You request that I am should give you all the information I Mormonism. and family! ADAM SON BENTLEY. I know that Sidney Rigdon told me there was a book coming out (the manuscript of which had been found engraved on geld plates) as much as two years before the Mormon book made its appearance in this country or had been heard of by me. Alexander Campbell. some two or three years ago. brother Scott. but also it was stated that the Christian religion had been preached in as we were preaching In this this it country during the first century. just in the Western Reserve. May God have mercy on the wicked men. and my recollection of led me. Bentley was mistaken. I. he placing it in the summer of 1827. there was an account. which accorded with mine in every particular. however. not only of the aborigines of it this country. Campbell. He stated to me that he did not feel himself capable of introducing the subject in if Mentor. before he came to my house. and he had to stay two weeks with us to induce me to go. Rigdon at the same time observing that in the plates dug up in New York. Yours most affectionately. corroborated the foregoing statement and commented upon Bennett's letter in the following note : The conversation alluded to in Brother Bentley's letter of 1841. as he had been about a week with you in Nelson and VVindham. the truth. was in my presence as well as his. . returned \vith him to Mentor. I in the summer of 1826. I have no doubt but the account given in Mormonism Unmasked is about would not return without me was got up to deceive the people and obtain their was a wicked contrivance with Sidney Rigdon and Joseph Smith. It property.

For a few months before his professed conversion to Mormonism. and rode with him on horseback a few miles. either in May or June. communicated to A. some years before. as being a thing most extraordinary. As further confirmatory of the same contention. as follows mon Our In the early part of the year 1830.THE BOOK OF MORMON 123 Adamson Bentley and Alexander Campbell were pioneer preachers in the great Restoration movement. of Mantua Station. : under date of June 3. when the Book of Morappeared. was Dr. Rosa. extravagant propensities had been more marked. He reas he . enthusiastic style." pages 239. to whom Rigdon expressed his This gentleman wrote expectations. 1841. S. 1873. these in his eloquent. Ohio. in the form of a letter which is published in the book. and said that they must have been made by the Aborigines. Ohio. Atwater says: Soon after this. S. another witness." or Campbellites. Mr. 240. Sidney Rigdon preached for us. I was in company with Sidney Rigdon. and their testimonies will not fail to carry weight. and notwithstanding his extravagantly wild freaks. That he knew before of the coming of the Book of Mormon is to me certain. the great Mormon defection came on us (Disciples of Christ). "History of the Disciples in the Western Reserve. He said there was a book to bt latter's He spoke of published containing an account of those things. Still from Painesville. it was noticed that his wild. was at that time a very popular preacher of the denomination calling themselves "Disciples. He gave a wonderful description of the mounds and other antiquities found in some parts of America. from what he said the first of his visits at my father's. conversation was principally upon the subject of religion. Hayden April 26. They establish tions of beyond a doubt that Rigdon knew of the operaSmith years before his pretended conversion to Mormonism. he was held in high repute by many. we have the testimony of Darwin Atwater.

and that they both had become the dupes of Joe Smith's necromancies. I asked him how long. I thought he alluded to the Campbellite doctrine. Rigdon declared that he thought of leaving Pennsylvania and of being gone some months. I left Ohio that fall and went to the state of New York to visit my friends who lived in Waterloo. . And. probably to confer with Smith in regard to the launching of the new ecclesiastical craft. Rosa supplies a number of links for the chain that connects Sidney Rigdon with the Mormon fraud.124 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF it was time for a new religion to spring up. In the second place. as he was a minister of the gospel. I began to think a little strange of his remarks. He said it would not be long before something would make its appearance. Partridge. in May or June of 1830. Sidney Rigdon were in Waterloo. the foregoing conversation occurred. in getting up this farce. an employe in the Patterson printing-office. I was confirmed in the opinion that Rigdon was at least accessory. In November 1 was informed that my old neighbor. Rigdon told him that a new religion was about to make its appearance. was Schroeder. which shows that he had some anticipations along that line. p. hence that he must have kept informed of the movements of Smith. and should be absent for some months. 1 Dr. if not the principal. rife and ready for it. I have presented in this chapter to establish conclusively that Sidney Rigdon was Harrison Lambdin. which was about six months before Rigdon openly united with the Mormons. and when I became informed of the Spaulding manuscript. The evidence which seems an intimate friend of J. in the third. and the Rev. not far from the mine of golden Bibles. 25. E. In the first place. and that he. according to Rosa. he also said that all marked to me that that mankind were he thought of leaving Pennsylvania. He said it would depend upon circumstances. living not more 1 than twelve miles distant from Pittsburgh. It then occurred to me that Rigdon's new religion had made its appearance.

" Nearly all Gentiles will agree with the Mormons that Sidney prepared the way before the Mormon delusion. that Rigdon was suspected of the theft that Rigdon. that at this time the "Manuscript Found" of Spaulding. and that at least three years before the Book of Mormon came out and the Mormon Church was organized. verily. exhibited such a manuscript. . for thou shalt do great things. after Spaulding's death. thou wast sent forth even as John. which had been placed in Patterson's hands for publication. I have looked upon thee and thy works. he to made disclosures to certain individuals which he was perfectly familiar of Joseph Smith. but when it comes to the statement that he knew it not. Behold. and thou knew it not. I have heard thy prayers and prepared thee for a greater work. to prepare the way before me. upon one occasion. it is quite another thing. he de- clared had been written by Spaulding. which. verily I say unto my servant Sidney. and before Elijah which should come.THE BOOK OF MORMON 125 frequently in that city and lounged around the office. came up missing and . Thou art blessed. 1 show that at this time go with the movements and plans x The "Doctrine and Covenants" (34:2) throws out a hint of Rigdon's former connection with Mormonism in these words: "Behold.

Martin Harris roles and probably others. Harris the financier. I am satisfied that the "Gold Bible Company" was composed of a larger number of individuals than the ordinary reader has ever dreamed of. all the way through the history of Mormonism. and that each had his part to play in springing the system upon the world.126 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP' CHAPTER IX. Personally. It is the conviction of nearly all of the opponents of Mormonism. Pratt. 1 Mor- evidences of it. but that 1 it was first conceived of by Sidney Rigdon. who have paid particular attention to the history of its origin. Parley P. Rigdon's Connection with Smith The Pretended Conversion of Rigdon Rigdon's Previous Visits to Smith The Mormon Alibi Katherine Salisbury's Affidavit. secondly. though It is certain that he made a that Strange as it may seem upon any other hypothesis. Cowdery the scribe. Rigdon was the theologian. are conclusive. the very doctrines Rigdon preached before 1830 became a most vital part of the Mormon system after that date. surface. These motives come to the of the fraud. . but the meager. and that Smith was merely his tool in giving the movement publicity while he played his part behind the scenes until his pretended conversion in the year 1830. a further conviction that Rigdon were not the only members of the conspiracy. Parley P. to gratify lust. Smith. that the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was not an emanation from the mind of Joseph Smith. Oliver Cowdery. who came in to play their particular and to receive in return the honors and pecuniary benefits of the Mormon kingdom. to make money out the logician. And it is and his puppet. but that associated with them were Hyrum Smith. and. here and there. Smith the prophet.* in the genesis of The part that Rigdon played monism was most secret. Pratt the dreamer and Orson Pratt The underlying motives were two: first.



. where she became his polygamous wife. From this time on. Pratt. but failed. the "sisters" of the church set themselves to the task of providing the requisite clothing." Sec. had left her husband and children and gone to Salt Lake City. had been converted to MorPratt. although we have every reason to believe that he was secretly playing an important part before. when he was suddenly and miraculously converted while on a visit to New York and began at once his work as a missionary. in 1857. Arkansas. Jr. 1830. overtaking back. THE PRETENDED CONVERSION OF RIGDON. Mrs. '"Doctrine and Covenants. later. 31. Oliver Cowdery. and was known in that vicinity as the "mysterious stranger/' communicated with Smith through their confederates. whose wife he had 1 seduced and whose home he had broken up. McLean. * "Joseph Smith and His Progenitors. Pratt. about the 1 5th of the month. preaching and baptizing on their way. The enraged father threatened Pratt's life. Oliver Cowdery and Parley P. Peter Whitmer.* As soon as this revelation was re- ceived. and. who lived in Arkansas." p. Cowdery first appeared publicly upon the while it is also believed that he stage in the year 1829. but Pratt withheld his debut until Mormon August. a revelation was received directing Parley P. the four men designated "started on their mission. In October. After this. she and Pratt returned axd attempted to abduct the children. 305. kirn. 8 wherever an opportunity offered. and. killed him with his bowie-knife. 1 monism by . and the latter fled on horseWhen McLean heard of his flight. 1830. and. twelve miles north of Van Buren. and Ziba Peterson to leave New York and go on a mission among the Indians. Hector McLean. he gave chase.THE BOOK OF MORMON 127 number of clandestine visits to Palmyra before 1830. he was a prominent actor in the Mormon drama until he fell a victim of his own lust at the hands of an enraged husband.

called upon him and presented him with a copy of the Book of Mormon." Journal of History. Ohio." J He was its garnishing his house for early evidently cleaning and reception of Mor- monism. baptized at the said to same was November This have been Testimony of Reuben P. 1830. p. before he fully believed and embraced it. myself." p. he had a great struggle of mind. and after he had read it. declaring that "he had been mis- taken all his lifetime. both himself and nearly all the congregation were melted into tears. who was 14. I was present. at this time. and when finally convinced of its truth. The two diverse accounts by the same person are probably inadvertencies due to neither being the truth. they came out of 8 the water overwhelmed in tears. Rigdon. he said: "He was much interested. I. two miles from Kirtland. he forgave all who had persecuted or injured him in any manner. lived at Mentor. Pratt says : We it called on Elder S. had the happihim in person. At another time. according is to the "Diary" of Lyman Wight. Sometime in November. He asked forgiveness of everybody who might have had occasion to be offended with any part of his former life. and had given up preaching and gone to farming. it was a solemn scene. most of the people were great affected." Pratt did not always tell the same story in regard to the manner in which Rigdon received the Book of Mormon. and then for the first time his eyes beheld the ness to present it to Book of Mormon. 1910. January. The time. He was much surprised. he called together a large congregation of his friends. 1 date of Rigdon's baptism. neighbors and brethren. 33.128 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF Sidney Rigdon. Cowdery. a . being acquainted with Rigdon. Harmon in the "Braden-Kelley Debate. and the next morning himself and wife were baptized by Elder O. 15. and promised a thorough perusal of the book. and then addressed them very affectionately for nearly two hours during on to read most of which time. and was with much persuasion and argument 2 that he was prevailed it. and Pratt. '"Myth of the Manuscript Found. the Mormon missionaries reached Mentor.

covertly. New York. But Howe declares that Rigdon was 2 baptized the second day after Pratt's arrival. the home of Rigdon. accompanied by Edward Partridge. . that he could not have been in collusion with Joseph in springing Mormonism upon the world. for the purpose of meeting Joseph Smith. James T." H. 8 * in a letter to I. 104.. especially when we consider the startling claims of Mormonism." Vol. means of foisting upon RIGDON'S PREVIOUS VISITS TO SMITH. part of January. H. where they arrived about the first In the month of December following his conversion. while H. more 8 specif- In any ically puts the baptism within thirty-six hours. of these cases. Cobb. careful and conscientious investigator. of Utah.* Mormons declare that prior to this visit of York." Vol. of February. p. Clapp. and we are strongly impressed that it was only part of a prearranged plan and that his pretended emotions were invented for the occasion to swing his neighbors to that imposture which he had. Rigdon's conversion was altogether too sudden and romantic for a truly candid. p. As an answer to this claim. 2 "Mormonism Unveiled. a resident of Rigdon's vicinity. Joseph and his family left New York and started for Kirtland. and immediately took up the work of In the latter openly promulgating the Mormon faith. "Church History. Clapp.THE BOOK OF MORMON 1 129 about a fortnight after the Book of Mormon was first presented to him. 169.. been one of the the world. p. Sidney Rigdon went to Waterloo. I. I now submit the testimonies of a number of the neighbors the Smiths in 1 New Rigdon to "Church History. H. 141. and. he had no acquaintance with them and never visited them. hence.

whose coming immediately preceded a new departure in the faith. There was great consternation when the 118 pages of manuscript were stolen from Harris. who declare that know Rigdon of Joseph and that he personally visited him before the year 1830. The reappearance of this mysterious stranger at Smith's at this juncture was again the subject of inquiry and conjecture by observers. 1 Pomeroy Tucker. wife of Dr. When the Book of Mormon appeared. for it seems to have been impossible. from whom was withheld all explanations of his identity and purpose. to retranslate the stolen portion. says : mysterious stranger now appears at Smith's and holds intercourse with the famed money-digger. had been a resident of Palmyra and who had heard of the doings of the Smith family from the lips of their acquaintances. Rigdon was an early convert. It had been his policy to remain in concealment until all things were in readiness for blowing the trumpet of the new gospel. not even to Smith's nearest neighbors. Mrs. a "mysterious stranger" seeks admittance to Joe Smith's cabins The conferences of the two are most private. 3. was Sidney Rigdon. for thirty-two years. Union New York. Horace Eaton. For a considerable time no intimation of the name or purpose of this stranger transpired to the public. Ohio. says. a neighbor of the Smiths and one of the proof-readers of the Book of Mormon. who. Home Missionary May 27. 1881 : Meeting held at Buf-J Early in the summer of 1827. a backsliding clergyman. Up to this time. Horace Eaton. It was observed by some that his The sequel of the intimacies of A were frequently repeated. at this time a Campbellite preacher in Mentor.130 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF in of the Smiths did New York. fore the falo. he had played his part in the background^ and his occasional visits to Smith's had been observed by the inhabitants as those of the mysterious stranger. . 1 "Hand-book on Mormonism. in a paper read be-. for some unacvisits this stranger countable reason." p. This person. and the moneydigger will sufficiently appear hereafter.

relative to the visits of Sidney Rigdon to Palmyra before 1830: Co. I was well acquainted with the Smith I was family. brother Willard Chase died at Palmyra. and I have no doubt his sworn statement regarding the Smiths and the Mormon Bible is genuine. He was at Smith's several times. 19. Ingersoll had the reputation of being a man of his word. and it was in the year of 1827 when I first saw him there. several years after. lished in the 1 "Braden-Kelley Debate. N. in which he was accustomed to look. Chase signed the above statement in our presence. Abel D. now living a youth at the time from twelve to thirteen years old. PALMYRA. Y. May 2. and Frederick Smith. I don't think Snrth had any such plates. He was mysterious in his actions.. Wayne in I. frequently visiting the Smith boys and they me. N. . Abel D. published in Howe's "History of Mor1871. is Peter Ingersoll. another neighbor of the Smiths. 1 131 to the front as the first regular preacher in On May 2. before whom Chase's and Ingersoll's depositions were made. make the following statement regarding my early acquaintance with Joseph Smith and incidents about the production of the so-called Mormon Bible. 1814. Palmyra. is also dead. The pecpstone. having been born Jan. whose affidavit was pubsame book. N. My 10. I was also well acquainted with Thomas P." genuine. Wayne Co. 1879.. at Palmyra. he got of my elder brother Willard while at work for us digging a well. 1879. a lawyer and Notary Public. as near as I can recollect. March His affidavit. CHASE. N. Rigdon. signed the following statement.THE BOOK OF MORMON He now came Palmyra.. Abel D. During some of my visits at the Smiths.. Baldwin." p. Y. Some time after that tales were circulated that young Joe had found or dug from the earth a book of plates which the Smiths called the Golden Bible. Chase. I saw a stranger there who they said was Mr. It was a singularlooking stone and young Joe pretended he could discover hidden things in it. monism. He moved West years ago and died about two years ago. Y. 46. Y. Chase.. and who were residents of this village at the time and for ABEL D. a lawyer and magistrate.

Neal. of Gray son. GILBERT. who has kindly loaned The these documents to me to publish in this book. written by Mr. Lorenzo Saunders." p. 230. He letter. H. . 1885. H. coupled with his letters poor educational advantages as a boy. names you among the very few left. and this. J. LORENZO SAUNDERS. and later the correspondence was turned over to Mr. introduces us. Thomas Gregg. Saunders was an aged man. Gregg is as follows : HAMILTON. secretary of the American Anti-Mormon Association. 1 J. I regard his letter as one of the most important documents which we have bearing on the present question.132 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP and he is known to us and the entire community here as a man whose word is always the exact truth and above any possible PLINY T. Saunders' letter." the second is the reply to the same. R. B. 111. Michigan. except that in that of Saunders a number of errors in spelling. to "interview" you by Mr. capitalization and punctuation have been corrected. a stranger. Y. Dear Sir: Permit me. who was an intimate acquaintance of the Smiths.. the author two of "The Prophet of Palmyra. SEXTON. suspicion. The letter of Mr. Hancock Co. I now have letters the pleasure of presenting to the reader touching upon this point that have never been published before. of Reading.. of Hamilton. The first of these was written by Mr. N. MR.. Gregg died before he had the opportunity of publishing Mr. Gilbert. Kentucky. Illinois. of Palmyra. Hillsdale County. Mr. January 19. who know something about 1 "Mormon Portraits. have been carefully copied from their originals and appear just as they were formerly written. accounts for the errors which appear.

Spaulding's book. GREGG. Gregg's letter. certifying to the Divine origin of the B. Ser. in which the plates were found or was there ever such a hole? Please answer on. . Cowdery's career? His first appearance among you what to to of was printed? Did you know the 12 signers.? You see I can chalk out a great variety of subjects or points on which I want information but I might cut it short by asking. on Cumorah Hill. the Whitmers Harris Hiram Page and all the Smiths and were they ignorant or sensible learned or unlearned and did they. add to it I will pay postage. the pretended plates. as a neighbor of the Smiths. or try to see. but I am induced to apply you. we can do little else than sit in the house and read and write and perhaps you will be able to find time to reply to this. Of course. In reply to Mr. and the life and career of Joe Smith. A he was doing where he came from and what seemed to have Also. little occurto incorporate the Rise and about Palmyra. of M. myself. Your friend and obt. of M. Some think Cowdery was the medium some that it was Rigdon. course you are an aged man I know what it is to be an old man. Michigan. S. in general.THE BOOK OF MORMON 133 the origin of Mormonism. and if not enough of paper. TH. Saunders wrote from Reading. seem to adhere to Smith while he was digging for treasure. rences unimportant at the time. as follows: . was first printed. &c. for such information as you can give that will enlighten the public on the Origin of Mormonism and more Of especially its connection with the Rev. -More questions: Did you ever see. of brought him into closer relationship with Smith? Rigdon Gilbert says it is thought you saw him once at Smith's. but these cold winter days. P. Can you be sure of that? and whether it was before the B. or any of them. Mr. and return this sheet. hoping you may be able What can you recall recall events that may help me out. it is hard to remember after a period of 50 or 60 years. I am engaged on a work the pretended Prophet. and thus oblige very much. mainly a History of the Mormon Era in Illinois but with which I wish and Progress of the miserable fraud in main point I wish to investigate is as to how the Spaulding Manuscript got into Smith's hands previous to 1829 when the B.. of M. or how Smith acted in regard to them? Or did you ever see the hole in the ground.

"What a liar Joseph Smith is. I was cutting corn for Lawrence and went to dinner and he took dinner with us and when dinner was over they went into another room and I didn't see him again till he came to Palmyra to preach. The Mormons say it want wrote there but I say it was because I was there. January 28. with Joseph. C. MISTER GREGG. C. I went to Smiths to eat maple sugar. Two men tackled him and he fought and knocked them both down and made his escape and secured the and had them safe and secure. I saw him in the Fall of 1827 on the road between where I lived and Palmyra. The next morning after he the man by They talked together and 1 claimed to have got (the) plates he came to our house and said he had got the plates and what a struggle he had in getting home with them.) who he was and he said it was Rigdon. I received your note ready at hand and will try (to) answer the best I can and give all the information I can as respecting Mormonism and the first origin. about the middle of March. 1885. plates lies he every word he says. You want to know how Smith acted about it. After (he) went from the house. Dear Sir.134 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF READING. He showed his thumb where he bruised it in fighting those men. he came from Kirtland in the summer of 1826 and was about there until fall and took a school in the district where and the next summer he was missing and I him until fall and he came back and took our school in the district where we lived and taught about a week and went to the schoolboard and wanted the board to let him off and they did and he went to Smith and went to writing the Book of Mormon and wrote all winter. A. as this was too early in the season . I was with a the Smiths lived didn't see name of Jugegsah (spelling doubtful. I know he lies because he looks so He probably for the other. when he went on I asked Jugegsah (spelling doubtful. and I saw five or six men standing in a group and there was one among them better dressed than the rest and I asked Harrison Smith who he was (and) he said his name was Sidney Rigdon. A. Then in the summer of 1828 I saw him at Samuel Lawrence's just before harvest. S. I saw Sidney Rigdon in the Spring of 1827.). a friend of Joseph's from Pennsylvania. my mother says. As respecting Oliver Cowdery. S. 1 means plowing corn.



he couldn't see nothing." from the hill was on the 22 day of September. I never saw the He had an old glass box with a tile plates nor no one else. they was poor scholars. in 1827. sir. but no fresh dirt. It is all a lie. and I went on the next Sunday following with five or six other ones and we hunted the side hill by course and could not find no place where the ground had been broke. No. 1913. the one who printed them. A. please excuse my know as you bad spelling and Yours With Respect. I knew all of the Smiths. j Charles A. (10) . deposeth and saith that the foregoing letters of Thomas Gregg and Lorenzo Saunders are verbatim copies (excepting spelling. Notary Public. He had a peep stone he pretended to see in. they was handed over to Martin Harris and he took them to Egbert Granden. how dare (he) tell such The time he claimed to have taken the plates lie as that. C. there never was any plates taken out of that hill nor any other hill in that county. The Manuscripts was stolen by Rigdon and modelled over by him and then handed over to Cowdery and he copied them and Smith sat behind the curtain and handed them out to Cowdery and as fast as Cowdery copied them. C. being duly sworn according to law. (spelling doubtful. R. at Eddyvillc. he can't see out of his eyes. this i3th day of February. and that was the gold plates and Martin Harris didn't know a gold plate from a brick at this time. Shook. Nebraska. But that was an impostor. I now this. was in Wayne county. and Gilbert set the type.THE BOOK OF MORMON a 135 guilty. I will close. There never was such a hole. Smith and Rigdon had an intimacy but it was very secret and still and there was a mediator between them and that was Cowdery. punctuation and capitalization) of the originals now in the possession of the American Anti-Mormon Association. Subscribed to in my presence and sworn to before me. all a lie. From LORENZO SAUNDERS. A. The older ones did adhere (spelling doubtful. CHARLES A. they had not much learning. I never knew any of the twelve that claimed to have seen the plates except Martin Harris and the Smiths. SHOOK. S. don't If you can.) to Joseph Smith. HEDGLIN.) in it. B. He could see all the hidden treasures in the ground and all the stolen property.* 1 STATE OF NEBRASKA. There was a large hole where the money diggers had dug a year or two before. ss> County of Dawson. He was can read mistakes. S. about 7x8 inches.

New being written at Harmony. Oliver Cowdery first came to Palmyra in the summer of 1826 Mormons claim. least three visits to Palmyra before 1830: . Geauga County. instead of in the winter of 1828-9. as the Secondly. Pennsylvania. dates. instead of all of it ette. who was so burdened with the arduous duties of an active minister. historian of the Reorganized Church. he came from Kirtland. 145* of Sidney Rigdon was that of an active minister. presently. Ohio. Fourthly. in those days of slow locomotion. In their attempt to refute the testimony just given. Rigdon had removed to the same county the to spring before. and Palmyra. New York. 1827 of 1828. Ohio. in the fall We of 1827. p. Smith. to have visited and conferred with Smith as charged. may have been sent by him at the Thirdly.136 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF The following deductions from Mr. where Rigdon resided. was so great that. Vol. i. and shall. and Cowdery New York for a purpose. Mormons claim that the distance between Mentor. and FayYork. where Smith lived. in the summer make good use of these THE MORMON the ALIBI. Elder Heman C. Rigdon made at in March. On this point. it would have been impossible for Rigdon. whereabouts can be determined by public records so frequently as to make it impossible that he could have made the The life his . part of the Book of Mormon was written home of the Smiths near Palmyra. says : and long and tedious journeys to New York (which this story makes necessary) for the purpose of conspiring with Joseph Smith in those days of slow transportation. Church History. Saunders' letter should be noted by the reader : First. according to Saunders' positive knowledge.

in-law. in Pennsylvania.* moved Ohio. ne went on a mission to Canada.* All of these movements occurred before he became a Mormon. New York. 1819. Sidney Rigdon and did just what Elder Smith was impossible for him to do he made "long and itinerant preacher wholly untenable. 279-286. we are told that between the years 1831 and 1838." And the fact that he made such long and tedious journeys is to be found largely in the litera. New Lisbon and Warren. After his pretended conversion. the distance would not have 1 only 252 miles from M. Next. to confer with Smith and to return with him two months later. New York. pp. we hear of him at Mentor. p. Ohio. 1910. 191. See testimony of Dr. in the fall of 1833. bridge." July." p. Rosa. and in May or June. over the L. a 8 * B "History of the Disciples in the Western Reserve. we find him on a mission to Kentucky with his brother1 In the spring of 1826. 19. S. . to Trumbull County. and as Rigdon was accustomed to long and frequent moves. ture of the find Mormon Church itself.THE BOOK OF MORMON But was an this position is 137 says it tedious journeys. a distance of not less than eight miles. p. where he labored one month. 1830. Pennsylvania." Vol. In May. Railroads. and N. 130. Adamson to Bentley. but not least. Ohio. 6 hundred As Palmyra. is & Mentor." "History of the Disciples. And last. Perry. Austintown. R.. he made four trips in the to Missouri. Ohio. "Journal of History. and located at Bain8 After this. we find him Eastern States with Joseph Smith. In the summer and fall of 1836. I. "Church History. and later back again. S. we find him going straight to Waterloo. & H. In company with Joseph Smith and Freeman Nickerson. we him moving from near Pittsburgh. he reGeauga County. C. Hyrttm Smith and Oliver Cowdery. Shalersville. Y.

SIDNEY RIGDON. pages 16-20.138 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP made it impossible for him to have conferred with Smith before 1830. ner. then. on the second of November. and we have his whereabouts determined by public records so frequently that this element is wanting and thus the impossibility still remains.. But. of events and dates has been compiled by Elder E. before his conversion in 1830. Smith and Julia Giles. let us examine the list alibi. says the Mormon objector. Recorded the I3th of Dec. 1830. 1827. it would have required time for Rigdon to have made such visits. EDWARD PAINE. j This is to certify that I solemnized the marriage contract between John G. agreeable to license obtained from court of said county. Elder Rigdon held public meetings in Mantua.) February. No. 1826. Kelley. Ohio. ") Geauga County. and arranged as I give it. Held protracted meetings at Mentor. of the same church. . 1826. New York. Clerk Com. Ohio. i. Very well. (Hayden's History of the Disciples of the Western Reserve. L. This list is said to cover the movements of Rigdon from November 2." Vol. of the Reorganized Church. to November 14. so thoroughly and fully that no opening is left to slip in spaces of time sufficiently lengthy for him to visit Palmyra.. Pleas. The following from court records and historical and personal sources.) March and April. by Elder Heman C. even if what you say is true. January. Chester. Preached funeral discourse of Hannah Tan(Authenticated by Henry Tanner. STATE OF OHIO. 1826. III. 1827. and published in the Josephite "Journal of History. Smith. 1827. Jun..

15. Recorded July 12. SIDNEY RIGDON. This is to certify that I solemnized the marriage contract on the Qth of October. STATE OF OHIO. This is ") on the fifth day of June. Geauga County. I solemnized in the township of Kirtland. Jun. | Geauga County. 1827.. Clerk Com. Sanford. agreeably to license obtained from clerk of the court of the said county. Ohio. Association of the Western Reserve at Elder Rigdon met with the Ministerial New Lisbon. 1827. Geauga County. 1827.) STATE OF OHIO. August 23. on the 3d of July. Clerk Com. in the township of Mentor. between . Clapp. Pleas. Clerk Com. Recorded August io. SIDNEY RIGDON. Pleas. in the solemnized the marriage contract between Theron Freeman and Elizabeth Waterman. baptizing Nancy M. This is to certify that I solemnized the marriage contract between James Gray and Mary Kerr. 1827. in township of Mentor.. 1827. (Evidence by Nancy M. and others. Personal testimony of Henry H. William Dunson and wife. and others. 1827. j This is the marriage contract to certify that on the ipth of July. Mentor. STATE OF OHIO.. SIDNEY RIGDON. Ohio. EDWARD PAINE. Baptized Thomas Clapp. to certify that I j village of Painesville. Mantua. Geauga County. agreeable to license obtained from the clerk of the court of said county.THE BOOK OF MORMON 139 Ohio. Mentor. Recorded June June Ohio. between Alden Snow and Ruth Parker. 1827. EDWARD PAINE. Pleas. Sanforcl. Jun. EDWARD PAINE. Jun. 1827. 1827. STATE OF OHIO. 7. Ohio.

Pleas. Recorded December STATE OF OHIO. 1827. 1828.. This is to certify that I solemnized the marriage contract between Roswell D. Cottrell and Matilda Olds. Held a series of meetings at New Lisbon. Pleas. in the township of Mentor. SIDNEY RIGDON. Geauga County. 1827. STATE OF OHIO. November. SIDNEY RIGDON. Recorded October October 27. Clerk Com. A member of the ministerial council at Warren. Ohio. Pleas. Jun.. ) J Geauga County. EDWARD PAINE. in the township of Kirtland. Clerk Com.140 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF Stephen Sherman and Wealthy Mathews. 1 j This is to certify that I solemnized the marriage contract between Otis Harrington and Lyma Corning. EDWARD PAINE. Clerk Com. 20. on the I4th of February. agreeably to license obtained from the clerk of the court of said county. Clerk Com. . Jun. 1827. 1827. SIDNEY RIGDON. Jun.. on the 6th of Dec. 1828. Jun. sg This is to certify that I solemnized the marriage contract between Alvin Wait and Sophia Gunn. 12.. from SIDNEY RIGDON. STATE OF OHIO. 1828. agreeably to license obtained from the clerk of court of said county. agreeably to license obtained from the clerk of court of said county. on the I3th day of December. EDWARD PAINE. EDWARD PAINE. 1827. Geauga County. Pleas.. in the township of Concord. Ohio. Recorded March 31. agreeably to license obtained the clerk of the court of said county. Recorded January 8. 1827.

with others. Elder Rigdon baptized Henry H. SIDNEY RIGDON. 1828. and held a protracted meeting at that place. 1828. Clerk Com. Recorded October . D. was a member of this class in theology. Pleas.THE BOOK OF MORMON 141 March. 1828. Ohio. Instructor of a class in theology at Mentor. Zebulon Rudolph. He meets with Alexander Campbell at Shaler- Ohio. Elder April. afterwards an elder in the Disciples Church. agreeably to license obtained from the clerk of the court of said county. 13. Ohio. tor. Clerk Com. J This is to certify that I solemnized the marriage contract between Luther Dille and Clarissa Kent. D. Attended great yearly association at Warren. AIKEN. D. agreeably to license obtained from the clerk of the court of said county. 1828. He became a man of note in the Western Reserve. on the 7th day of September. 1 S! Geauga County. Ohio. in the township of Mentor. 1828. June. vival at Kirtland. ) Geauga County. 1828. 1828. on the i8th day of September. Rigdon conducted a great religious re- May. Pleas. D. Wilson. 1828. j This is to certify that I solemnized the marriage contract between Nachor Corning and Phebe E. Clapp at Men- August. Ohio. STATE OF OHIO. ville. . AIKEN. 1828. 13. in the township of Mentor. Ohio and also held a series of meetings at Mentor and Warren. Recorded October STATE OF OHIO. SIDNEY RIGDON.

1829. 1829. April 12. 1829. in the township of Concord. D. 1829. I went forward and was baptized by his hands. Clerk of Com. Ohio) 1829. 1829. he writes August (same "My wife was baptized together with John Murdock and many others by Sidney Rigdon. Protracted meeting. Protracted meeting at Kirtland. 1829. this in his private journal. year) In the journal of Lyman Wight. This is to certify that I solemnized the marriage contract between Albert Churchill and Anna Fosdick on the ist of January. Geauga County. AIKEN.142 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP STATE OF OHIO. D. July I. Ohio. Recorded February 12." : . 1829. in the township of Mentor. Lyman Wight. SIDNEY RIGDON. Ohio. Recorded February STATE OF OHIO. Organized church at Perry. 12. D. D. ) This is to certify that I solemnized the marriage contract between Erastus Root and Rebecca Tuttle on the ist day of February. AIKEN. Pleas. agreeably to a license obtained from clerk of court of said county. Clerk of Com. After hearing him go through the principle of baptism for the remission of sins. till says: "I resided in place (Warrensville. about the month of May. J SIDNEY RIGDON. Geauga County. Ohio. Mentor. when I heard Sidney Rigdon preach what was then called Rigdonite doctrine. Pleas. March. agreeably to license obtained from the clerk of the court of said county.

1829. Geauga County. STATE OF OHIO. 1829. Ohio. D.. Pleas. Clerk of Com. tizing J. D. Recorded October 7. on the I3th of August. D. AIKEN. bapMoss. October. j This is to certify that I solemnized the marriage contract between Joel Roberts and Relief Bates. Recorded September STATE OF OHIO. 1829. Pleas. in the township of Perry. D. SIDNEY RIGDON. 1829. Held meetings at November. Recorded October 7. Pleas. 1829. 1829. agreeably to license obtained from clerk of court of said county. SIDNEY RIGDON. who was afterwards Disciple minister of some note. | Cuyahoga County. j Wait Hill. 1829. bap- This certifies that I solemnized the marriage contract between David Chandler and Polly Johnson in the township of . 1829. 1829. Ohio. This is to certify that I solemnized the marriage contract between Darwin At water and Harriett Clapp. in the township of Mentor. AIKEN. Clerk of Com. At Perry. ) J 143 This is to certify that I solemnized the marriage contract between John Strong and Ann Eliza More. tizing Alvin Wait. J. D. on the I4th day of September. in the township of Kirtland. Ohio.THE BOOK OF MORMON STATE OF OHIO. agreeably to license obtained from clerk of court of said county. on the ist of October. September. D. AIKEN. STATE OF OHIO. Geauga County. Geauga County. Series of meetings at Mentor. agreeably to license obtained from clerk of said county. SIDNEY RIGDON. Clerk of Com. 14.

SIDNEY RIGDON. agreeably to license obtained from the clerk of the court of said county. August. eight hundred and twenty-nine. 1830.. D. But. March. 1830. and this includes the dates of the recording of the various marriage certificates which probably would not have required the personal presence of Rigdon either at court or at any other particular place. 1830. With Alexander Campbell at Austintown. STATE OF OHIO. Lyman Wight This is the alibi by which our Mormon friends seek so zealously to combat and overthrow the testimonies of Smith's neighbors. tized states that "my Family and myself were bapon November 14. 1830. At Mentor. S ' This certifies that I married Lev/is B. Ohio. 1830. SIDNEY RIGDON. AIKEN. Filed and Recorded January 12." And his widow states that she distinctly remembers that Rigdon was baptized on the same day." Their alibi is these occur right at the very times so full of great gaps (and when our witnesses .144 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF Chagrin on the 31 st day of December. on the 4th of November. Ohio. Geauga Co. Recorded November n. Clerk of Com. At Mentor. June i to 30. and we have them "beaten to a frazzle. D. baptized forty-five. Wood to Laura Cleaveland in Kirtland Township. Pastor Baptist Church in Mentor. giving them every date. July. Ohio. 1830. Geauga County. Ohio. Pleas. Ohio. 1830. Protracted meeting at Pleasant Valley. one thousand.

Chester. 9 20 27 1827 Nov. Mar.) Held meeting at Mentor. O.) 1827 1827 1827 1827 1827 Mar. Above marriage recorded. O. . Held meeting at Mentor. (Gap of about one month. Jan. O. Marriage of Snow and Parker. but value to their opponents. so that the reader can readily discover the weakness of this alibi as evidence to those who seek by it to prove that Sidney Rigdon could not have been in New York between the years 1826 and 1830.THE BOOK OF MORMON declare that 145 Rigdon was in Palmyra) that worthless as evidence to the Mormons. At Ministerial Council. Instructed theological class. (Gap of one month and seventeen days. Marriage of Herrington and Coming. Baptized 23 Met with Ministerial Asso. O. O. Feb. O. Mentor. VINT 1826 1826 1827 1827 Nov. Held meeting at Mantua. Above marriage recorded. 1827 1827 6 12 13 Dec. (Gap of possibly month and a half. Marriage of Sherman and Mathews recorded. Dec. Above marriage recorded. Dec. O. O. Marriage of Cottrell and Olds. Above marriage recorded. Oct. 1827 1828 1828 8 14 1828 1828 Mar. Oct. 2 13 Marriage of Smith and Giles. Dec. Funeral of Hannah Tanner. 1827 1827 1827 July July 3 12 19 IO 1827 1827 1827 1827 1827 Aug. Above marriage recorded. O.. New Lisbon. Feb. Aug.) Marriage of Sherman and Mathews. June June June July 5 7 15 Marriage of Freeman and Waterman. Thomas Clapp at Mentor. I now and events arranged in simpler form and with the wide not only of positive submit the list of dates it is is gaps of time indicated. Marriage of Gray and Kerr. Marriage of Wait and Gunn. Above marriage recorded. Jan. Warren. Oct. Apr. Above marriage recorded. Held meeting at New Lisbon.

146 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF ri * > .

THE BOOK OF MORMON In this alibi. have been York and Ohio. at the time that he went to Harmony. for Smith. with sufficient time for a reasonable visit. according to the generally accepted theory. 147 we have nine wide gaps. As Rigdon lived only 252 miles from Palmyra. for. a dozen times between the years 1826 and 1830 and still the list of dates and events as given by Elders Kelley and Smith remain intact. days Again. 1838. and some of them occurring at the very in each. days to make the distance of 135 miles ("Mother Lucy. New in Palmyra. Three of these gaps occur in the year 1827. two in 1828. and this would require him being there only a few days at most. but the roads were probably better than in make New . York. which was less 1 than the ordinary distance traveled by stage in those days. Pennsylvania. in 1829. When Rigdon left Kirtland in January. in times in when New York the old citizens of Palmyra say that he was conferring with Smith. of over a month which the whereabouts of Rigdon is not accounted for. took just two. 162). So. 1 An ex-stage-driver here in Nebraska tells me that he used to seventy-five miles a day. one in 1829 and three in 1830. we must make an allowance of ten for time spent on the road. fifty miles a day was easily made. However. it would have required five days to go and five days to visits to our calculations concerning Rigdon's York. and David Whitmer. it is not to be supposed that it would have been necessary for his visits to have been of extraordinary return. if he traveled at the rate of fifty miles a day. therefore. so in all New lengths. the "Manuscript Found" had been thoroughly worked over and was ready for transcription before it passed out of Rigdon's hands. Rigdon could. he went at the rate of sixty miles in ten hours ("Church History. the time it took to go to Palmyra and to return." 2: 136). This would make his presence necessary only as an adviser." p. could be easily included within one month.

1827." Joseph Smith. us now quired the presence of Rigdon at Palmyra at the different times specified. while Zebulon Rudolph.148 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF The date when Rigdon first met Smith is not known and never will be definitely known. in order that all might be agreed. in order that all might be agreed. supplies us with information which would seem to establish a later visit. we pass on to surer ground. and it should not surprise us if Rigdon were the "man" who came to the Smith neighborhood soon after Alvin's death. according to his own account. in the On the last fall of 1827. and that this event thus worship God with one tively speaking. 1908). Rigdon had left the Church in August preceding. She says : Shortly after the death of Alvin. and in the summer of 1828. and common heart and one mind. be defined as "a union of the different churches. father-in-law of President Garfield. Baptist of the people. and thus worship God with one heart and with one mind. there marked his first contact with his "prophet. which might. during the early part of the year 1830. 1824. Let consider the circumstances which might have re- In the present consideration. to effect a union of the different churches. Lorenzo Saunders declares that he saw Rigdon at Palmyra three times before 1830: in the middle of March. visit. we shall move upon the . in the colloquial Alvin died in November. raises a strong suspicion that it was late in 1824 or early in 1825. Pomeroy Tucker agrees with Saunders." Relawere but few ministers preaching this doctrine at that time. permitting the reader to accept this inference for what it is worth. and had become identified with Campbell in preaching the doctrine. a man commenced laboring in the neighborhood. but a statement in Mother Lucy's "Joseph Smith and His Progenitors" (ed. But. page 101.

and when his father asked the reason. he replied that he had taken the worst "Gods. And. Ohio.THE BOOK OF MORMON 140 theory that Sidney Rigdon was the "angel" that appeared to Joseph Smith. 112. better dressed than the rest. 1 strange to say. the "angel" did appear to Joseph about this time. He tells us that he was there to eat maple sugar. In Jan1827. and saw a group of five or six men (probably the "Gold Bible Company"). and. send him to Manchester. are simply exalted men. angels and men are all of one species. play the "angel stunt" and then return in time for the Mentor meeting. Rigdon preached the funeral sermon of Hannah Tanner. and that Harrison Smith told him that one of them. p. according to Mother Lucy's account. of Chester. '"Joseph Smith and His Progenitors. to uary. 1 family. After the funeral of the Tanner woman. "in good health and fine spirits. in the Sidney Rigdon at those points in Mormon history wherwe will have established a number Saunders says that he first saw Rigdon at the Smiths middle of March. his father had occasion. was Sidney Rigdon." Therefore." who spoke to himself and Smith at the time of their baptism. I believe that if we put the appearance of ever "angels" appear. one morning. according to Oliver Cow1 dery. In the month of February of that year. in Mormon theology. a friend of Joseph's from Pennsylvania." Some time after this." p. one great Key to Theology. 33. the voice of the "angel of God. and in the following month of March commenced a series of meetings at Mentor. 1827. Angels. Joseph did not return until nearly six o'clock in the evening." . Joseph had returned with his wife from Pennsylvania. of historical facts. he could easily have found time to go to Palmyra. did "most mysteriously resemble the voice of Elder Sidney Rigdon. one race.

so all will be well. but Joseph quieted him and said that "it was the angel of the Lord as I passed by the Hill Cumorah. And the Mormon alibi is deficient at this point. and said that I had not been engaged enough in the work of the Lord that the time had come for the record to be brought forth and that I must be up and doing." The second time that Saunders saw Rigdon at Pal- myra was in the fall of 1827. where the plates are. for. to be present. be- tween August 23 and October 9." Sure. for I know the course that I am to pursue. springing of the great "Latter-day Swindle. supposing that the chastisement Smith. the angel met me. give yourself no uneasiness concerning the reprimand that I have received. What occurred in the fall of 1827? On the 22d of September of that year. after he had preached Hannah Tanner's funeral sermon. had been given at the hands of some of the neighbors. alias Moroni. stealing a wife and. . give him a chastisement. and it was necessary again for "angel" Rigdon. The third visit of Rigdon to Palmyra.150 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP life. instead. that Saunders . 1827. Joseph Smith claimed to receive the plates. because of the opposition of her people. and "angel" Rigdon." The course that he was to pursue was to continue to do as he had been doing in deceiving the people by getting them ready for the : . we have a gap of one month and seventeen days in which it does not account for Rigdon's whereabouts. chastisement that he had ever received in his senior. Joseph had not been paying enough attention to business. but. Pennsylvania. had just quietly slipped over into New York to see about it and Joseph said further: "But. and set myself about the things which God had commanded me to do. father. he had been down to Harmony. was very angry. had some notion of throwing up his prophetic office and working for a living.

visionary talks. "did most mysteriously resemble the voice of Elder Sidney Rigdon. 1829. Between December 31. and that probably he was not ignorant of the authorship of the Book of Mormon. 1827. the certificate of the marriage between David Chandler and Polly Johnson was recorded. By the facts that I have just -given. at least four times before he openly became a Mormon: in March. He often appeared preoccupied and he would indulge in dreamy. and the month of March. also. I believe that it is positively proved that Sidney Rigdon was in Palmyra. Harris. in September. and again as he speaks of we have Saunders Tucker. Cowdery says. was in the 151 Tucker visit. This occurred in the month of June. Rigdon was in the habit of spending weeks Book away from home. going no one knew whither. 1830. in June. just before harvest. 1828. 1830. the alibi and Between the months of June and August. to have summer of 1828. and in the winter of 1830." ap(11) . 1829. known something about this Rigdon being at the Smiths soon after the 116 pages of manuscript were destroyed by Mrs. the alibi does not give us a single clue as to the movements of Rigdon except mentioning the fact that on January 12. York. 1828.* New 1 On May 15." whose voice. we have every reason to believe that Rigdon and Smith were together during the winter preceding the publication of the Book of Mormon. seems. 1827. there are weeks in which no light is thrown upon the movements of Rigdon by the Mormon alibi. When the Book of Mormon appeared and Rigdon joined in the advocacy of the new religion the suspicion was at once aroused that he was one of the framers of the new doctrine. Zebulon Ru- coinciding also with the with testimony of testimony of Pomeroy the dolph says : During the winter previous to the appearance of the of Mormon. "John the Baptist. which puzzled those who listened.THE BOOK OF MORMON mentions. Lastly.

Jr. she made the following sworn statement. STATE OF ILLINOIS. I lived was a member of such family. and several months after the publication of the Book of Mormon. or was an acquaintance of. in which she certifies that Sidney Rigdon never was. nor was such person known to the family. . depose and say. Jr. the translator of the Book of Mormon. until the last part of the year A. Joseph Smith. Ontario county. Katharine Salisbury was a sister of Joseph Smith. July 28th. Jr. in the town of Manchester. and for years prior thereto. or any member thereof. Joseph Smith. there was no person who visited with.. to my knowledge. and personally knowing in and to the things transacted in said family. lived in the family of my father. New York. Pennsylvania. by Joseph Smith. that I am a resident of the state of Illinois. that at the time of the publication of said book.. Notice that part of May and all of June of that year are not accounted for in the alibi. That I am a daughter of Joseph Smith. Jr. who visited at or came to my father's house. or upon the said family. and have been for forty years last past. } SS * That at the time. Senior. and some time after the organization of the Church of Jesus Christ. by the name of Sidney Rigdon. that I will be sixty-eight years of age. being duly sworn. D. and the friends of the family. 1830. and sister to Joseph Smith. and the friends and acquaintances of my brother... That prior to the latter part of the year A. and those who visited at my father's house. or the first part of called the year 1831. That I remember the time when Sidney Rigdon came to my peared to Smith and Cowdery at Harmony. Kendall County. to her knowledge. In the year 1881.152 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF THE AFFIDAVIT OF KATHERINE SALISBURY. or any member thereof to my knowledge. in the home of her parents until after his conversion to Mormonism in November. and that he had all of his life to this time made his home with the family. 1830. That at the time the said book was published. I was seventeen years of age. and conferred upon them the Aaronic priesthood. 1881. D. ) I. 1830. Katherine Salisbury. my brother.

where he resided from December.THE BOOK OF MORMON father's place. Sworn before me. up to June. Salisbury says At the time of the publication of said book. some time after he was married. all of his life to this time. and fully one year after the Church was organized. as before stated herein. would be supposed that a member of the Smith and one who was seventeen years of age in 1830. be able to give the public information upon the point at issue that would be both valuable and accurate. and that he had. as I verily believe. In- stead of living all of his life. Joseph Smith. In the first place. Ontario county. 1827. the family. Jr. 1829. in the town of Manchester. with his parents in Manchester. or hope of reward of any kind. A. but simply that the truth may be known with reference to said matter. to Kirtland.. But such is not the case in It family. and the investigator is impressed that it was either made with the design of concealing events that really did happen or else that the affiant was lamentably : ignorant of her own family history. N. not on account of fear. the Hales. made his home with The very contrary of this last statement is true. KATHERINE SALISBURY. Mrs. and that the foregoing statements made by me are true. my brother. Joseph went. by the said Katherine Salisbury. lived in the family of my father. would. when he removed to the home of the . That this was in the year 1831. up to the publication of the New York. Salisbury is so full of glarring errors that it is wholly valueless as evidence. this isth day of April. the present instance. New York. Y.. from personal knowledge. H. D. The affidavit of Mrs. J. Notary Public. and some months after the publication of the Book of Mormon. JENKS. 1881. Ohio. favor. in Harmony. That I made this statement. Book of Mormon. Pennsylvania. to the home of his wife's people. 153 and that it was after the removal of my father from Waterloo. and subscribed in my presence.

Salisbury failed to visit other visits of this gentleman made secretly and when fhe was still younger? . In December of the same year (1830). and some months after the publication of the Book of Mormon. and that before stated herein. Joseph Smith and His Progenitors (ed. Harris. Salisbury has Rigdon visiting her father's family.164 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF Mother Lucy. as I remember the time it father's place. Mrs. 1908). and about nine months after the Church was organized. p. reerror that Mrs. to Kirtland. in writing Whitmers in Seneca County. Sidney Rigdon in. and fully one year after the Church was organized. when she was seventeen years of age. I cite the following from Lucy Smith (p. for the first time. 135. That this was in the year 1831." In refutation of this. 205) : meeting at our house. Salisbury makes is to the time of the first public visit of Rigdon to the gard Smiths. Here Mrs. after they had removed to Kirtland. She says: The second m when Sidney Rigdon came to my was after the removal of my father from Waterloo. New York. congregation. only This was remember this most important of Sidney Rigdon to her father's family in Waterloo. in 1830. Joseph appointed a While he was preaching. being about two weeks after her Harmony. says: of When arrival in she returned home. Y. the place where Joseph resided. Ohio. in the year 1831 and "fully one year after the Church was organized. N. Ohio. is it unlikely that she failed to remember the If Mrs. before 1831.. she en- deavored to dissuade her husband from taking any further part in the publication of the record. New York. and Edward Partridge came and seated themselves in the in Waterloo.

" it will be necessary for me to explain the peculiar . from Spauldingfs First Manuscript that He Was Author of the Book of Mormon Both Found under a Stone A Great Storm at Sea The Great Spirit The Revolution of the Earth The Use of the Horse The Manufacture of Iron High Priests The Seer-stone." the one and the same with that parties it is two manuscript. there now is a unanimity of opinion. are agreed that it was written by Solomon Spaulding." in the library of Oberlin College.THE BOOK OF MORMON 165 CHAPTER Internal Proofs the X. another manu- While I am forced by the logic of the evidence to take the latcer view. alike." and that these. The difference exists between the of its identification with the Mormons claiming that it is on the grounds "Manuscript Found. I believe that porated in his Solomon Spaulding incorFound" some of the features "Manuscript which appeared in his "Manuscript Story. first It is my purpose in the present chapter to point out these points of resemblance and to weave them into my fabric as cumulative evidence to support the general position that I have taken that the author of the script Story" was the author of the basis of the "ManuBook of Mormon. Before making my quotations from the "Manuscript Story. notwithstanding the undoubted thorough revision of Sidney Rigdon. Mormons and Gentiles. the Gentiles claiming that script entirely. have come down to us and appear in the Book of Mormon. On on deposit the authorship of the "Manuscript Story.

probably. quotations from the Book of Mormon My will also be taken from book. he spells a word correctly and in others incorrectly. I hapned to tread on a flat stone. their reprint of the third American edition of that BOTH FOUND UNDER A STONE. With the But you may easily assistance of a leaver I raised the stone. which stone was raised with a lever in the hands of the finder. it is full order to represent these. Spaulding gives the finding of the first: following account of the reputed various conjectures respecting the character situation & numbers of those people who far exceeded the preesent Indians in works of art and inginuety. that I could not read the inscription. which appeared to me to be letters. In it markings that occur. 1 learned a . so that the reader can have the work in print just as appears in manuscript. while those places marked thus are illegible. With this this explanation. I discovered a number of characters. mon Both the "Manuscript Story" and the Book of Morare said to have been found under a stone. I shall give my quotations from manuscript just as they appear in the copy of the original as published by the Reorganized Church. but a careful study of his "Manuscript Story" will show that they are due to pure carelessness. As I was walking and forming was ravages of time. which he never expected any one to see. those words and sentences marking. 1 of erasures and mistakes of various kinds.156 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP As the original manuscript stands. which are underlined are stricken out in the original. In some instances. These are sometimes held up to prove that Spaulding was not as man as he is supposed to have been. & it lay on the top of a great small mound of Earth exactly horizontal. This was. The face of it had a singular appearance. This at a small distance from the fort. but so much effaced by the Near the west Bank of the Coneaught River there are the remains of an ancient fort. it was found necessary by the publishers to invent a system of In this system. his first draft.

Roman Letters & in M. as stated by the mes- New . Within this cavity I found an earthen Box with a cover which shut it perfectly tite. The Box was two one feet & three inches in sensations which crowded fast upon me would hardly permit my hands to remove this venerable deposit. the Urim and Thummim. 12. but the edge all around was covered with earth. a cavity within the wall presented itself it being about three feet in diamiter from side to side and about two feet high. my astonishment when I discovered that its ends After giving a description of this cave. Spaulding continues : Observing one side (of the cave. p. Ontario County. When I had removed the Cover I found that it contained twenty-eight rolls of parchment that when & appeared to be in length one & half in breadth & diameter. p. York.) to be perpendicular nearly three feet from the bottom. Having removed the earth and obtained a lever which I got fixed under the edge of the stone and with a little exertion raised it up. not far from the top. This stone was thick and rounding in the middle on the upper side.. but curiosity soon gained the assendency & the box was taken raised to open it. S. S. of a doar. C. so that the middle part of it was visible above the ground. n. under a stone of considerable size. On the west side of this hill. This is Spaulding's fictitious account of the finding of the "Manuscript Story. stands a hill of considerable size. I looked in and there indeed did I behold the plates. I found by examining that its sides were lined with stones built in a comnical form with down. Here I noticed a big flat stone fixed in the form I immediately tore it down and Lo.. and the most elevated of any in the neighborhood." Now let us read Joseph Smith's description of the finding of the Mormon plates : Convenient to the village of Manchester. My mind filled with awful manuscrips written in eligant hand with the Latin Language. lay the plates deposited in a stone box. & that it was about eight feet deep. M. A.THE BOOK OF MORMON conjecture 167 and sides rested on stones & that it was designed as a cover to an artificial Cave. I began to inspect that part with accuracy. S. and thinner toward the edges. and the Breastplate.

Spaulding represents himself as accidentally discovering his records. and which he raised with a lever..158 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF The box in which they lay was formed by some kind of cement. and on these stones and the other things with them. mantle over the face of the filled with consternation and despair. but thin at the edges. senger. Then it was that we felt our absolute dependence on that Almighty & gracious Being who holds the winds & floods in hands. and in a stone box. To him our most fervent desires assended. S. From him alone could we expect deliverance. two stones crossways of the box. C. together in were laid lay the plates Vol. which was thick in the middle. Prostrate & on bended nees we poured forth incessant Suppli- . for the heavens darkness had spread her sable raging deep. The former says : (Constantine. p. The "Manuscript Story" and the Book of Mormon both agree in describing a great storm at sea during the voyage which brought the people they describe from the Old World must go to the New. 16. Preparation was made instantly and we One day he to Brittian sailed now the The vessel laden with provisions for the army Cloath-knives and other implements for their use had arived near the coasts of Britain when a tremenduous storm arose & drove us into the midst of the boundless Ocean. Smith claimed to find his plates under a stone. in the bottom laying stones of the box. & unanimously agreed that What could we do? How be extrecated from the insatiable jaws of a watry tomb. A GREAT STORM AT SEA. Church History.) says to me Fabius you & carry a~ important to the sail in a vessel & return general of our army there when she returns. Spaulding claimed to find his manuscripts under a which he raised with a lever. A. Smith declares that the depository of his was revealed to him by the angel Moroni. flat stone. I. Their minds were the direction for to the rising were covered with clouds. They knew not & Sun or polar Star. and in an earthen box. Soon whole crew became lost S: bewildered.

my brethren began to see that the judgments of God were upon them.. (12) SPIRIT.) Lord. And it came to pass after they it had loosed me. A. S. and behold. A. the compass. that there arose a great storm. And we were about to be swallowed up after we had been driven back upon the waters for the space of four days. 42. to be ex- And it came to pass that in the depths of the sea. S. 15. the storm which occurred ceased in answer to prayer. and after I had prayed. a great and terrible tempest and we were driven back upon the waters for the space of three days and they began to be . pp. And came the winds did cease. which we had been driven back. the tempest began ceeding sore. . After being driven five days with incridable velocity before the furious wind the storm abated in its violance. great calm. had bound me (Nephi. save that they should repent of their iniquities wherefore. C. and there was a In both accounts. THE GREAT lieved in the Great Spirit. they came unto me and loosed the bands which were upon my wrists. they had swollen exceedingly and also mine ankles were much smollen. . and great was the soreness . yea. of M. insomuch. did cease to work wherefore.). 43. . lest they should be drowned in the sea: And on the fourth day nevertheless they did not loose me. behold.. and the storm did cease. and to pass that I work whither prayed unto the Lord did desired it. insomuch that I could not move. B. frightened exceedingly. p.THE BOOK OF MORMON cation 159 & even Old Ocean appeared to sympathize in our distress by returning the echo of our vociforos Cries & lamentations. I . S. Both records declare that the ancient Americans beSpaulding gives the following address of an ancient American chieftain: . thereof. The Book of Mormon account of a as follows: similar storm is came to pass that after they (Laman and Lemuel. which had been prepared of the it And C. M. they knew not whither they should steer the ship. and that they must perish. I it took the compass.

p. also a single "Great Spirit" Revisited. F. S. and polytheism in the worship of mythic First Report of the animals and nature-gods remain.. because of their murders? B. says: S. 23. M. says: 1 Nations with civilized institutions. ye favorite children of the great and good Spirit. p. Tribes with the social institutions of kinship. J. Hail. former chief of the Smithsonian Institution.160 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF The Speaker then extended his hands & spoke. the incomprehensible. This God. is represented as asking is is Believest thou that there a Great And Ammon King Lamoni: And he said. who resides in the Sun who is the father of all living creatures & whose arms encircle us all around. p. Maj." till They had no understanding of 1 See Chapter VIII. And Ammon Yea. Spirit? said. all vanish from the priscan condition of North America in the light of anthropologic research. the mysterious. Bureau of American Ethnology. for now conceded by all of the leading students of the ancient American religions that the American Indian knew nothing whatever of the "Great Spirit" until he heard of him through the white missionary. 255. 253. Mr. a prominent archaeologist. p. art with its of communal highest architectural development exhibited in the structure dwellings. B. is not this the Great Spirit who doth send such great punishments upon this people.. Powell. 69. the unknown. I find King Lamoni saying Behold. In the this: Book of Mormon. art with palaces.. W. of M. The native terms for God do not express the idea of personality. it is This appellation stamps both books as a fraud. of my "Cumorah . monotheism as the worship of the Great Spirit. of M. Dellenbaugh. but simply of the supernatural in general.

mentioned. the earth is a globe & the sun is stationary. and of fruit. while the horse was an in- habitant of America in the earlier geologic epochs. p. It is now agreed that. then the earth by a moderate velocity perform her revolutions. and behold. and goats. yea. I find the following: The ground was plov/ed by horses & generally made very mellow for the reception of the seed. if according to the platonic system. and flocks of all manner of cattle. out his the the THE USE OF THE HORSE. it is done: and thus according to word. this is so. and wild goats. 375. 161 own THE REVOLUTION OF THE EARTH. the earth goeth back. if he say unto the earth. Brinton says : Book . moved .. Thou shalt go back. 35. p. M.THE BOOK OF MORMON the Europeans. In the Book of Yea. 29. D. Helaman says: it is he say unto the earth. and also many horses. but the following will it came to pass that the people of Nephi did till the and raise all manner of grain. and not the sun. S. mon Both the "Manuscript Story" and the Book of Morinform us that the ancient Americans made use of In the first the horse. 410. and flocks of herds. and it appeareth unto man that sun standeth still: yea. B. of M. G. Dr. p. Move. Fabius. of M. M. and if Mormon. S. for sure it is earth that moveth. of every kind. that it lengthen the day for many hours. belief. he ceased to exist long before man had attained to any considerable degree of culture as represented in the of Mormon. after reaching our shores.. B. p. informed them of their North Americans of Yesterday.. reasoned as follows on the revolution of the earth : Whereas. often unconsciously. p. 133.. And land. There are a number of references in the Book of Mormon suffice : to the use of the horse.

p. : The use of iron as a metal to the discovery by Columbus.50. 63. and of iron. p. No better established than that the American before race did not use manufactured iron the discovery. and some palaeon- THE MANUFACTURE OF IRON. Cyrus Thomas. B. and of and of steel. but for some mysterious reason the genus became extinct in the New World many generations before its discovery. P. 36. of M. On the manufacture of iron tools and implements. but was not carried on to that extent & perfection as in Europe. t p. M. Priest & his . I did teach my people to build buildings: and to work manner of wood. By hammering & hardening their Iron they would convert it nearly into the consistence of Steal & fit it for the purpose of edged tools. and of precious which were fact is in great abundance. p. sonian Institution: and steel tools Says Prof. PRIESTS. The American Race. and of copper. S. ores.. Nephi says : And in all brass. postglacial tologists are of the opinion that the on the continent man. and of gold. In the Book of Mormon. M. the "Manuscript Story" says Emperor Labamack accepted were appointed. S. HIGH On lor this point. the "Manuscript Story" says: The manufacturing of lead Iron & lead was understood.162 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF There is no doubt but with that the horse existed contemporaneously European and Asian horses were descendents of the American species. four assistants the office of & his four counsel- Lambon was ordained high chosen. of the Smithwas unknown in America previous American Archeology. and of silver. n.. 64. A small quantity of Iron in proportion to the number of Inhabitants served to supply them with all the impliments which custom had made necessary for their use.

when this trans- Hamack parent stone was placed before his eyes. B.THE BOOK OF MORMON On office.. his father having conferred the office upon him. secluded from the eyes of other mortals. 18* the it the appointment of the Nephite Book of Mormon says: Alma to such an And came to pass that Alma was appointed to be the first chief judge. S. In the "Manuscript Story" we find one of the characters employing a stone exactly as Joseph Smith is said afterward to have employed the Urim and Thummim or the seer-stone. Thro* this he could view things present & things to come. he being also the high priest. THE SEER-STONE. The following Joseph Smith is is a description of the manner in which said to have employed the Urim and Thummim. 98. of M. the dreamer of Conneaut. 204.. could behold the dark intriques & cabals of foreign courts. a character in his first We now come to an novel. Let the reader carefully compare this description with the foregoing account from the "Manuscript Story." and then decide for himself whether or not there are good grounds for believing that this feature of . & count all their moles warts & pimples. & behold discover hidden treasures. He looked firmly & steadfastly on the stone & raised his prophetic voice. Spaulding says: then arose & in his hand he held a stone which he pronounced transparent. and had given him the charge concerning all the affairs of the church. identity between the "Manuscript and the claims of Mormonism which is most conStory" clusive in proving that the Mormon fraud had its inception in the brain of Solomon Spaulding. and published in the Chicago Times of August 7. He could behold the galant and his mistress in their bedchamber. 1875. p. one of the three witnesses. p. Such was the clearness of his sight. M. from the pen of David Whitmer. Of Hamack.

. however. in which are summed up the points of identity between the "Manuscript Story" and the Book of Mormon : 1 See also "Mosiah" 5: 10 for a similar stone in use by a Nephite seer. and the erudite scribe put them together. . his. Joseph . Reader. O. that he didn't even know that Jerusalem was a walled city. hidden treasures. of Bridge. is not this coincidence suspicious. but could see nothing through it. The stone was the same used by the Jaredites at (from?) Babel. Having placed the Urim and Thummim in his hat.. . dark intrigues and cabals. When I went to Harmony after him. and tell exactly what was transpiring there. but nevertheless effective. through his stone. Hooten. Joseph could read signs one hundred and sixty miles distant. syllable by syllable and word by word. * to say the least ? I close this chapter with the following verses from the through pen of A. Whitmer And (I) was an eye-witness to the method of procedure. and behold various scenes through which Whitmer passed.164 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF Mormon fraud was first the conceived in the mind of the says: dreamer of Conneaut. I have seen revealed. 72. more it to his eyes and instantly read signs one hundred and sixty miles distant. he told me the name of every hotel at which I had stopped on the road.. place Seer" p. The plates were not before Joseph while he translated. while Cowdery or Harris acted as recorders. the names on the hotels. and with prophetic eyes read the invisible symbols. Oregon. and described various scenes without having ever received any information from me. The method pursued was common-place. I have frequently placed it to my eyes. read the signs. placed the hat over his face. Quoted in "Joseph the Joseph. and even moles and warts and pimples. So illiterate was Joseph at that time. . amorous practices. and he was utterly unable to pronounce many of the names which the magic power of the Urim and Thummim and therefore spelled them out in syllables. Hamack could view things present and things to come.

" 'Twas just under a "stone." Joseph's in a "box. surging billows everywhere.THE BOOK OF MORMON 165 Solomon and Joseph. "Sacred" writings kept separate. warts and wrinkles. all things came to view. for a while. in regular The wicked punished love. Just so he calls it "revelation. Has a man whose words. us. Was ." only part was "translated. this land were dwelling in. and not one was lost." Each one gave his reasons." was very." in a cave "artificial. accepted. form. They were saved from destruction in answer to prayer. With them nothing could be hidden. Each "record" mentions horses. to cleanse them from all Judges were appointed. the magical "interpreters" or "transparent stone" so clear ." For many centuries." And each of the "records." and counsellors four or two. as coming from above. and "characters" used for words. life The "records" each tell Tremenduous storms Yet all were safely landed. as coming from above." that's enough to them 'tis true. Joseph's "Reformed Egyptian. why a part was reserved. while parties crossed the ocean arose." That each found his "record." "engraved" on "plates" of "gold. Has property held in "common." and written on "parchment. miraculously preserved. Each "translator" must have "planets" that move And "Oracles" their words received. very old." near the surface of the ground Of each of the "records. safe and sound Solomon's in a "box. they each found a "record. all things far and near. hidden. sin. three. while Joseph's was "more bible. Moles and pimples." each dry. Solomon's was in "Latin. Solomon's was a novel. that justice might be done. then saved by redeeming Each builds on his forts of "earth" thrown up with timbers placed top. to each "translator's" heart. that were found upon the land. But the thing that was dearest. And different peoples. "Burnt offerings" people offered." which he raised by a "lever.

Will Mormons please explain ? The preface to the 'Manuscript Story" by the Reorganized Church peaks of it as "this hobgoblin of the pulpit." Yet Spaulding wrote his "manuscript." And there's nineteen points of identity. this 'nigger-in-the-woodpile' " which of the press and the forum.166 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF There's no "likeness" shoots the "nigger" 'neath the "woodpile" of the saints." . This "missing link" of "evidence" at last completes the his "chain." and this "newly found 'missing link' "completes the chain of evidence." before Smith found "book.

THE BOOK OP MORMON 17 CHAPTER XL Mormon Objections Answered Size of the Book of Mormon Book of Mormon Character of the Book of Mormon Smith's Inability to Produce the Book of Mormon Style of the The Challenge to Produce the Original Manuscript The Character of Hurlburt and Howe Supposed Contradictions in the "Manuscript Found" to the Book of Mormon Recapitulation. torical and doctrinal teachings of the Book of Mormon. from such a is too elaborate a work to have come small manuscript as Spaulding wrote. hence that manuscript this manuscript never existed that the character of Hurl. burt and Howe was is so low and detestable that their testidiscredited thereby." that its doctrinal teachings are radically different from those that one would expect from the pen of a Presbyterian clergyman. and that it differs widely from the style of his "Manuscript Story. These are the most important objections that have been raised against the theory which finds the original . that the Mormon demand ish to produce Spaulding' s purported Jewhas never been complied with. been raised against the theory that the Book of Mormon originated in the celebrated "Manuscript Found" of Solomon It is objected that the Book of Mormon Spaulding. that the style of the book is too common for a scholar so learned as Spaulding is represented to have been. to the hismanuscript. from time to time. independent of divine help. to perform the task assigned him. mony and work contradictions if and that certain second must have appeared in Spaulding's that manuscript ever existed. that Smith was wholly unable. Various objections have.

but adding a large . "Manuscript Found" with the "Manuscript Story. of Pittsburgh. therefore. mannames proper this and certain Scriptural expressions. retaining only the historical outline. and by so doing have produced a mass of apparent contradictions. which he called the "Manuscript in 1815 or 1816. that this chapter is written." and in some instances they have applied the descriptions of the one to the other. is is clearly fixed in the able to mind that the investiwork himself out of the fog of Mormon sophistry and misrepresentation and into the sunlight of The Mormon from true theory of the revamping of the Book of the "Manuscript Found" is this: About Solomon Spaulding began an historical novel. and vice versa. The Mormons have ever taken full advantage of the confusion that arises over the forced identification of the this view. inconsistencies and absurdities that is both ludicrous and disgusting. Found." While these objections possess but little force to those who are familiar with the evidences adduced and the positions taken by the advocates of the Spaulding theory. Rigdon afterwards rewrote uscript. It is only when the distinction between the two manuscripts gator truth. based upon the antiquities of America.168 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP of the Book of Mormon in the "Manuscript Found. from which it was stolen by Sidney Rigdon novel. in which he described the first colonists as coming to our shores from Jerusalem under the leadership of Lehi and Nephi. This the year 1809. they are so plausible on the face of them and are so ingeniously presented as often to deceive the superficial and those who have little or no information on the grounds that are really occupied by those who hold to It is for the purpose of supplying this information." he placed in the printing establishment of Robert Patterson.

of those who word don. Further on he adds : Taking up the first reason. Oliver Cowdery.).THE BOOK OF MORMON amount of 169 religious matter and clothing the whole in his and manner of expression. who wrote it down as it fell from his I believe this to lips and got it in shape for the printer. advocate it. Elder E. for the reason that it was too meager a thing to make a book the size of the latter. as they concede Spaulding's was. at least." place it beyond . whole thing was rewritten by Rig- retained from the original only the outline. would cover at least fifteen hundred pages of foolscap paper. after which he put style it in the hands of Joseph Smith. p. No one claims Mormon is just The that the historical part as Spaulding wrote it. THE SIZE OF THE BOOK OF MORMON. Was the "Manuscript Found" such? The statements of those who claim they saw the "Manuscript Found. who and give them a fair. candid and careful examination. Braden and Kelley Debate (first ed. let us now take up the objections that have been offered. who. own be the theory of the revamping of the Spaulding story as it would be stated by the majority. the proper names and certain Scriptural expressions. With this explanation. L. It is objected that the "Manuscript Found" could not have been the basis of the Book of Mormon. about the year 1827. to contain the amount of matter that is included in the strictly historical part of the Book of Mormon. 80. of the Book of for word. it will at once be clear to you that a manuscript written in the English language. read it off from behind a sheet to another accomplice. in turn. Kelley says: The manuscript Spaulding is said to have written was too meager a thing to in any sense compare with a manuscript that would make a book the size of the Book of Mormon. a young "money-digger" of western New York.

to actually is The above confusion confounded. etc. Aaron Wright heard Spaulding read it. Howe of Painesville. that it was about a third as large as the Book of Mormon and that her doubt that daughter (Mrs. it must have been a very small comparison to the historical portion of the Book In fact there was no comparison of the one. and . (Braden's witnesses). Mrs. from Howe to Rice and from Rice to the Oberlin College Library. Henry Lake heard it read. John N. Hurlburt who was commissioned by Henry Lake. "Read the manuscript frequently when she was about twelve years of age. say they heard it read. "The trunk referred to by the widow was subsequentlyexamined and found to contain only a single manuscript book it. Then their other trumped up witnesses all. whatever. wife of Solomon Spaulding. Aaron Wright. of his book in describing that. Miller heard it read from beginning to end. but was the "Manuscript Story. so it could not have been very large. Mrs. who was writing the book to break down the Mormons. and the only one in Spaulding's handwriting which the widow had. page 288. or nearly all. the daughter of Solomon Spaulding.170 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF it was no such. states in her testimony published in the Illinois Quincy Whig." She read it frequently. saw it. in Spaulding's handwriting. the other. were mistaken. from Hurlburt to Howe. as we have already shown. D. and Howe says. to go and get the Spaulding writing. It is an instance of flagrantly jumbling the two manuscripts together in order to produce an effect of absurdity and inconsistency. for the reason that it was in the hands of Rigdon. went and got it he says. McKinstry. containing about one quire of paper." Then according by those who affair indeed in to the description of the manuscript itself of Mormon. McKinstry) read it frequently. t al. says. in her evidence. for the manuscript they describe has been traced from the old trunk to Hurlburt. These ladies. That he delivered it to E. The manuscript which Mesdames Davison and McKinstry describe could not have been the "Manuscript Found" at all. that she. and that it was about one inch in thickness. Matilda Spaulding. John Miller." The former was never in the "old hair trunk" after Spaulding's death.

that it is evident that whoever wrote all or any part of the history contained in the book." correct after all. can be easily written upon twelve hundred pages. Miller and Wright. may be THE STYLE OF THE BOOK OF MORMON." is away wide of the mark. and we contend that this was the work of Rigdon. Lambert says: writers." while it is profoundly different from the "Manuscript Found" as this is described by John Spaulding. Henry Lake and the others. Again.THE BOOK OF MORMON 171 the only title that it bears is "Manuscript Story Conneaut Creek. This would leave.. concerning the size of Spaulding's "Manuscript Found. about three hundred pages for the historical part. Another fact is that about three-fourths of the book is religious matter. I. and if this were reduced to a consistent size by the omission of redundant and superfluous language. I have found that the whole Book of Mormon. Kelley's statement that the historical of the Book of Mormon alone "would cover at part least fifteen hundred pages of foolscap paper. by a fair estimate. Rigdon's overdress. So the statements of Lake. what a if much shorter work than it the original "Manuscript Found" was the Book of Mormon? How does this prove that the latter? could not have been the basis of Mr. It is claimed that the historical and doctrinal parts of the Book of Mormon are so closely interwoven that they could not have been the work of two independent Elder J. The historical and doctrinal parts are so closely blended and interwoven. written just as it is. . it would fill a space in print at most one-eighth the size of the Book of Mormon. R. repetitions. throughout the book." and this "in faint penciling. By a test which I have made. historical part and all. etc.

Objections to the Book of Mormon Answered and Refuted. the information. 76. or any man of finished education. could for one moment think that Rev. This is what we claim Rigdon 2. 174. for it is done every day in our line. Joseph the Seer. commonly reputed to be a man of poetic nature. language and arrangement of the book. . p.172 also wrote the THE TRUE ORIGIN OF doctrine presented with it. to write the Book of Mormon. This would not have been an impossible feat. in this quotation. Spaulding. is below Spaulding. 1 That any one of judgment. I75) In the first quotation. Spaulding's ability is run up. is Mormon objected that the style of the Book of altogether too common for a man of the it is education and literary ability of Elder W. holds to any such theory. Mr. Again. nor the intellectual ability. ever wrote the book. nor anything to compare with it" (p. or even one page of it. Had he. W. the scholars reproducing in their own language the thoughts of another. Blair says: "Whoever will read the 'Manuscript Story' written by Rev. their scholarly attainments would have been manifest in the style. J When it is to the advantage of the Mormons. Mr. who has given the matter due consideration. All that we claim is that Rigdon took the historical out- proper names and certain Scriptural expressions from the "Manuscript Found. I feel But sure that no anti-Mormon writer. that his opponents hold to the view that the historical part of the Book of Mormon is verbally the work of Spaulding." and clothed them in his own particular literary style. romantic tastes and high scholastic attainments. it is run down. Blair writes : Solomon Spaulding. Spaulding. Lambert proceeds to reason upon the grounds. public schools. the morals. did. and presented them to the world as the Book of Mormon. and when not to their advantage to run it up. written the book. Right in this same connection. is more than we can believe. it is above him. p. will perceive that he had neither the religion. which we have already denied. on reading the book. as a literary production. the Book of Mormon.

Elder George Reynolds says : It is not written in the language of either Joseph Smith or Sidney Rigdon. proper names and a as "And it came to pass/* are undoubtedly Spaulding's. 3. I say that no such the- ory would. for a moment. grammatical construction and verbal idiosynMyth of the Manuscript Found. Mr. hence that it must have come from a higher is source and must be divine. with its frills etc. is just as it came from Spaulding's pen without being worked over. While the give the subject the consideration outline." just such a style as would abound in verbosity . redundancy and repetition. But. Blair proceeds to argue along the same line as Mr. the difference being due to the respective character of each. one being mainly historic. But I am not so sure of this.THE BOOK OF MORMON 173 But here. and we shall find there is nothing common in any of these with the peculiarities of crasies of the PP. be held by any anti-Mormon polemic that it who would deserves. and assumes that his opponents hold that the Book of Mormon. If we compare the revelations given through Joseph Smith at the time the plates were being translated. 38. the dress. and flounces of verbosity. few Scriptural expressions. In come respects the style of the Book of Mormon may differ from the style of Smith's revelations. comes from the dressmaking establishment of Sidney Rigdon. how about Rigdon? His style is described to have been "eloquent" and "enthusiastic. On this point. or at least the historical part of it. we find an altogether different diction. 39- Book of Mormon. the other mainly prophetic. Lambert. again. or let us compare it with the Lectures on Faith in the Book of Doctrine and Covenants and then with the acknowledged writings of Sidney Rigdon.. It is further objected that the Book of Mormon not written either in the style of Rigdon or that of Smith.

therefore. his language copious. The made a it doctrinal character of the Book of Mormon is further objection to its Spaulding authorship. But 1 it has never been claimed that Spaulding's ro- Hayden says of Rigdon: "His notion was graceful. . Mr. Spaulding. Baptist writer. 192. that "Jesus is the Christ. W. The that one doctrinal portions of the Book of Mormon are not those would expect from a retired clergyman of the Presby- terian school." p. 13." strongly impress us as Rigdonisms. his- THE CHARACTER OF THE BOOK OF MORMON. interwoven with They begin with it from first to the history last. takes the ground that the Book of Mormon was written in the direct interest of the Campbellites. fluent in utterance. many of which are in no sense Congregational. Blair. it being claimed that it smacks more of "Campbellism" than does of Presbyterianism. of the backwoods revivalist. a Congregational (or Presbyterian) minister. in "The Spaulding Story Re-examined.174 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF 1 Besides being a backwoods preacher of those times when revival excitement ran high. W." History of the Disciples. but rather tin-Congregational. Such Book of Mormon ex- pressions." "did sing redeeming love. in "Joseph the Seer. and published in the Western Recorder. and are intimately and some of the cardinal features of the Presbyterian Confession of Faith are discarded. he undoubtedly employed the hackneyed expressions and redundancy of speech. Professor Whitsitt. he would have filled it with his doctrine instead of advocating in it such doctrines as are found in the book. and confine the production of "lay the tory Book of Mormon to that period in the world's when such expressions were in common use." "experienced a change of heart" and down the weapons of your rebellion. in a lecture delivered be- A fore a Baptist Pastors' Conference. 174." If p. wrote the book. as "everlastingly too late. p. with articulation clear and musical. and in support of their confession of faith." Joseph Smith.

SMITH'S INABILITY TO PRODUCE THE BOOK OF MORMON. It is denied that Joseph Smith could. than to believe what he claims. and. Blair says : That Joseph Smith. could write that book. and that is worthy of the admiration of the race and publishing a series of prophecies the most important and startling. Let us. in the great Restoration movement." soAnother thing to be taken into called. who. under such conditions. was neither a Presbyterian nor a "Campbellite. and so if he had any religious views at all. take a look at the remarkable (13) . from 1824 to 1830. facts which have since been fully attested by the antiquarian and the geologist: disseminating a system of morals and religion that challenges the criticism. All that the re- Book of Mormon proves is that was revamped from the "Manuscript Found" after Rigdon had become familiar with the doctrine of baptism for the remission of sins and other points of theligious character of the it ology as held by the Campbells. which appear. have produced the Book of Mormon. it would be far more difficult to believe. Joseph the Seer. it is claimed that it must have come from God. 175. to start with. consideration is that Solomon Spaulding." but a skeptic. Mr. as it was above his ability. at this time. declaring improbable historical facts. viz. they must have been antagonistic to Christianity. p. The religious part was added by Sidney Rigdon. without the inspiration of God. was a colaborer with Alexander Campbell. Walter religious romance. It account of a Scott and Adamson Bentley. many of which are being fulfilled under our own observation that he could do such a work. abounding as it does in the most accurate items of history.THE BOOK OF MORMON mance was a ical 175 was purely an historfictitious people. hence the points of "Campbellism. in any way.. and to this all of his relatives and acquaintances agree. the guidance and inspiration of God.

176 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF was things which Mr. many of which have since been fully attested by the This statement is sufantiquarian and the geologist. "In His Steps." virtuous mind can my "Cumorah . it proves nothing as to its inspiration. The moral light which shines from the pages of the Book of Mormon is reflected from the Bible. Book of Mormon. to be coming from God? I have proved conclumore of connections between the Book of Mormon and archaeological science. that the claims of the Book of Mormon have been fully confirmed "by the antiquarian and the geologist"! As for the morality of the Book of Mormon. Is a book which says that Christ was to be "born at Jerusalem" (Alma 5:2) historically accurate? And is a book which stands in open conflict with the great facts pertaining to the ancient inhabitants of America. See The honest and Revisited. and are morally uplifting to a greater degree than yet their authors would hoot at the suggestion that they were inspired to write them. In the first place. in spite of these proofs to the contrary." by the Stall. ficient to raise a smile. Thousands of books teach good morals without being inspired. Smith's prophecies or revelations are decidedly in proving that he was under the guidance and in- spiration of God. It has not given the world a single moral truth that it did not have in the Christian Scriptures before it appeared." by Sheldon. weak a Lastly. Such books as "Pilgrim's Progress. as revealed by archaeological research. and yet we retrusted as sively a score or 1 peatedly hear." by Bunyan. Blair refers to as proof that Smith under the guidance and inspiration of God. it is claimed that he produced a book which abounds in the most accurate items of history. and "What a Young Man Ought to Know.

"syllable by syllable and word by word. II. 585). hence that As early as 1839.. P." But. Pratt. 19:5. to read off to Cowdery. was able to perform. from behind the sheet. this THE CHALLENGE TO PRODUCE THE MANUSCRIPT. when.nan" and a wife deserter. 107:6). Ohio" (Church History. to play the prophet.. whether you take up the Book of Mormon as a history or a code of morals. and. and Cov. according to Whitmer. or else he was ignorant in 1841 of what Bennett did in 1838. having to spell some of the words out. and of that time.THE BOOK OF MORMON have but little 177 confidence in a prophet whose guiding servant John C. he was "a very mean . But perhaps the flimsiest objection that has ever is been raised against this theory Book of Mormon manuscript which they claim was its original. letter by letter. at the same time." and promises to accept tinues (Doc. in a most bungling manner. we find that it would not require more than a young man of his age and education. And he did. To claim that he had to be inspired for such a procedure. first. Vol. Morgan County. tauntingly said: . His sole work was. god connived at wife desertion So. or consider the prophecies of Joseph Smith. you will find nothing so remarkable that it would be above the ability of the "Gold Bible Company. spirit speaks of an individual as "my his work if he conBennett. having "a wife and two or three children in McConnelsville. secondly. through the that the opponents of the have never been able to produce the New York Era. turning now to the real part which Smith played in the imposture. Parley this manuscript never existed. Either the Mormon in defiance of Matt. is an insult to common sense. p." what Rigdon had already written down.

H. September 7. for the "Gold would have had a smaller degree of Company" common sense than we give them credit for if. It is not strange that Mormons would take advantage of such an objection. in the dark. have also thrown out this challenge to the members of their who have own party. rejected the Spaulding theory. T. D. and every Mormon knows perfectly the same challenge to-day. Schroeder. wrote his "Docand Dogmas of Mormonism. Schroeder. then of Salt Lake City. Utah. who for twenty-seven years was an elder in the Reorganized trines Church. they had carelessly let it lie around to fall into Gentile hands and thus expose in issuing the same Bible their fraud.178 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP Now if there is such a manuscript in existence. and grasp at it as a drowning man would at a straw. but the incomprehensible thing is that some anti-Mormon writers. 1 letter to demands : If "three manuscripts" ever existed. why not produce the evidence to prove it? Why not induce that library of "over one thousand books and pamphlets" to yield up some of its hidden question once for all? 1 treasures of knowledge upon this point." Rev." . and dated at Battle Creek. after this manuscript had served its purpose. Bays. Pratt well that he knew was safe. let it come forward at once and not be kept In throwing out this challenge. 1899. and who. in order to save their failing cause." in a rather caustic A. "The Origin of the Book of Mormon Re-examined. Michigan. later. ably refuted the contentions of Mr. and settle this mooted Mormonism for more than half a century Mr. and at the inability of the latter to produce the manuscript have derisively declared that "the entire theory connecting Sidney Rigdon and the Spaulding ro- mance with Joseph Smith in originating the Book of Mormon must be abandoned. Bays in hit etc. after his apostasy.

Josephite "Journal of History. not proved. p. Smith. 2. no proof is offered to identity" of the names with those in the It is surprising to rne now. Bays' whole argument. First." January. as he claims to have been. Bays could say that no proofs have ever been offered to show the "absolute identity" of the names in this "second manuscript" with those in the Book of Mormon. 93. If such show the "absolute Book of Mormon. how Mr. that a gentleman. after once having sided with Mr.THE BOOK OF MORMON 179 has been demanding the production of the "Manuscript Found. He The existence of a second manuscript is assumed. the face of Mr. these testimonies stand as proving that the "second manuscript" of Spaulding really existed." that it might be compared with the Book of Mormon. then. should take his stand upon two such baseless propositions as these. 1909. the existence cf Spaulding's "second manuscript" is not assumed. and no others. have ever shown that our eleven witnesses lied in the testimonies which it is admitted they gave. manuscript really existed. so familiar with the history and evidence of the present controversy. And yet Bays overlooked this fact! Secondly. Bays in his theory of the Cowdery-Smith origin of the Book of Mormon. then sums up his arguments against the Spaulding theory in the following astounding propositions: 1. is also human beyond the falls in limits of understanding. . and the Josephite. Roberts. As these gentlemen. but proved proved by the testi- mony mony of eleven witnesses. when eight of these admittedly genuine testimonies had been before the world for sixty-six years certifying to this very fact. the genuineness of which testiis admitted both by the Brighamite.

as no doubt he did. the case against Rigdon be dismissed and he be adjudged not guilty! THE CHARACTERS OF HURLBURT AND HOWE. Jones takes the hog to White and they kill and eat it. for stating before you I cannot take as evidence anything that has passed through such hands as Mr. and VII. who secured the testimonies of eight of the eleven witnesses which we have given. Martha Spaulding. After the hog is all devoured. ladies and gentlemen. Aaron Wright. but Rev. with Smith's assistance. The demand to produce Spaulding's second manu- script suggests the following illustration: Jones steals a hog from Brown. in historical outline and proper names. Hurlburt and Howe. of Spaulding's manuscript with the Book of Mormon. Elder E. L. Henry Lake. as the Spaulding manuscript can not be produced. D. unless I have the original statement to compare. Bays and the Mormons demand that.180 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP we have already given in the eleven testimonies which Chapters VI. as the prove his guilt. But the justice decides can not be produced. Eleven witnesses testify to the identity. or it can be proven outside in some way that these statements that he has been referring to are unaltered aid genuine? Here is where he gets his John Spaulding. H. It is charged that the characters of Hurlburt and Howe. revamps it into the Book of Mormon. were so corrupt that these testimonies are discredited thereby. Eleven of Brown's friends see the hog in Jones' pen and identify it as belonging to Brown. Jones is innocent. Oliver Smith and but never reading in full to you . Kelley says: Do you blame me. Brown has Jones arrested for the crime and introduces his eleven witnesses to that. after which he destroys it. John Miller. then. : hog Now for the application Rigdon steals a manuscript from Spaulding and.

suppose that both of these charges are true. wholly imLet the reader comprobable. and he pare will see how far it is from the truth. simply calling them "contradictory. pp. BfiDCTOft Llbr?5 The charge that is made against Hurlburt is that he was cut off from the church for immorality.). malicious falsehoods. self -accusing. US. Howe's . since it is admitted by the highest Mormon authority that these testimonies are genuine? Hurlburt and Howe may have possessed characters as black as midnight. and against Howe. and Kelley Debate (first ed. 181 Do you want me to swallow their contra- wholly improbable. they may have been guilty of the things charged and they may not. it appears very inconsistent for the Mormon churches to characters of attempt to discredit the Conneaut testimonies by the poor men who never made them." this charge with the statements themselves. But. malicious falsehoods. Mr. 116. how does that affect the testimonies of John Spaulding and the rest. but the statements they secured were actually made and signed as represented. rather than accept the truth of God? Could anything pure and immaculate have passed through that sewer of filth and come out worthy of the palate of decent men and women? Braden self -accusing.THE BOOK OF MORMON Nahum Howard. The policy of Mormonism has always been to attempt to blacken the character of every man who has ever openly and successfully opposed it. dictory. As for the accusations against Hurlburt and Howe. how has their own individual corif ruption affected them ? With the admissions of genuineness which their own leading men have made. Kelley did with these testimonies Mormons do and have nial just what all to do: he issued a blustering de- and brought out no proof to support the same. that he was jealous because his wife and sister united with the Mormons.

its This objection in the in the and answer found is based upon a quesHaven-Davison inter- view as published people ? Quincy Whig of 1839. according to the Con- neaut testimonies. religious Q. 1. Does the manuscript describe an idolatrous or a A. probably. again. we have the same old play on Mrs. that in the descriptions of the purported "Manuscript Found" which exist. certain contradictions to the Book of Mormon appear. further. in the book way of able to meet SUPPOSED CONTRADICTIONS IN THE "MANUSCRIPT FOUND** TO THE BOOK OF MORMON. and. 2. It is claimed. It is said that the "Manuscript Found" is declared to have described an idolatrous people instead of a people who worshiped God and obeyed his laws as the Book of Mormon tion describes. that. further. It is objected.182 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF is. But here." The former does describe an idolatrous people. while only incidentally religious. The latter described a company of Jews that came from Jerusalem. but they were never excommunicated. probably represented them as worshipers of their Jehovah. Unand overthrow this testimony. the most important book ever written against Mormonism. Davison's mistake of confounding the trunk manuscript with the "Manuscript Found. as it was the first and contains so much original testimony that stands as a huge mountain the onward advance of Mormonism. but it also describes a Christian colony which came from Rome. Other men. and among them Smith himself. the Mormons turn and vent their spleen on the devoted heads of its compilers. also. An idolatrous people. the "Manuscript Found" described the . besides Hurlburt. the aborigines. were guilty of seduction in the Mormon Church.

THE BOOK OF MORMON 183 Jewish colony as the lost tribes of Israel. advocated before and about 1830 by such writers this objection I reply as follows: is To of of as as the Book of Mormon Adair. by Frederick S. on page 46 of his "Myth of the Manuscript Found. On the other hand. how is it possible for the two works to be identical? The theory so closely akin to the theory the origin of the American Indians in the lost tribes. : It is well to remark that the Book of Mormon makes but very few references to the ten tribes. Dellenbaugh. that it would be very easy for the witnesses. or natives of this continent. and further. But there i$ positively no ground for the belief. unsome script with the other. see "Nortk Americans of Yesterday. of whom have read the Book of Mormon. The Mormons specially hold to thit opinion. As an example of this common mistake. during any portion of their existence as a nation. the case. while the Book of Mormon makes them out to be only of the tribe of After giving. Boudinot. Reynolds says on page 47 Joseph." . or any part of it. who had not heard the "Manu- Found" read for twenty years. that the ten tribes never were in America. Smith and Priest. an employe of our National Museum and an accomplished archaeologist. it directly." p. thoughtedly speak of it as a history of the lost tribes. the Book of Mormon as directly informs us from whom the aboThis being rigines. and in those few. are descended." the claim that Spaulding's "Manuscript Found" gave an account of the immigration of the lost tribes to America. to confound one Even to-day we hear intelligent people. 403.* The important city of thing is that the writers of both romances have the ancient inhabitants (Israelites) coming from the Jerusalem and under the leadership of Lehi and Nephi. plainly and unequivocally states that the American Indians are not the descendants of the ten tribes. where he says: "Certain resemblances between the myths of the Amerinds and those of the Israelites increased the belief that the American race is the Lost Tribes.

wrote a small manuscript which he claimed to have found written in the Latin language on twenty-eight rolls I." 1809. The latter was the theory of many investigators at the beginning of the nineteenth century." This is objected to as being entirely different from the migrational account in the the Pacific Book of Mormon. Jackson. Abner Jackson. points out and sufferings. also their dis- putes and quarrels. who was a very aged RECAPITULATION. The Rev. that the lost tribes entered America by way of Alaska. About of parchment in an artificial cave on Conneaut Creek. so widely held when he was a boy. gregational Ohio. it may have been according to the original plot of the "Manuscript Found. to have the Nephites enter America via Behring Strait. Solomon Spaulding.184 THE TRUE ORIGIN OP 3. man at the time that he made his have confused the migrational account in statement. which has the Nephites crossing over Ocean and landing upon the coast of South America. a retired Conor Presbyterian preacher. especially when they built their craft for passing over the straits. I wish to sum up the points which have endeavored to establish in the preceding pages : I i. In conclusion. living at Conneaut. may the "Manuscript Found" with the theory. This objection may be met in several ways: First. and may have been afterwards changed by Spaulding himself. says that Spaulding begins "their [Nephites'] departure from Palestine. in his testimony. hardships up through Asia. THE "MANUSCRIPT STORY. or. or Judea. then their exposures. or it may have been changed by Rigthis feature still don later. and which purported to be the historical account of a . what seems more probable." as heard read by Jackson.

was accidentally discovered by him. which he entitled "Manuscript Found. "Mormonism Unveiled. a cousin of Mrs." In 1809. Hurlburt. ii. State printer. D. L. carried this manuIn 1884 it script with him. This manuscript he abandoned and placed in an "old hair trunk. purported to be the history of a Jewish colony that came to I. Columbus. Ohio. and later placed in the Oberlin College Library. took it to Painesville. Sabine. was reto in the care Hartwick." in the possession It was of E. Ohio. 2. and. and turned it over to E." This romance. it. author of 5. Rice. W. where for years he was the this. In 1820. Valley. 4." Spaulding began a new romance in the Scriptural style. Oberlin. which THE "MANUSCRIPT FOUND. which he often read to his neighbors. Spaulding-Davison. The manuscript remained in the "old hair trunk" moved until 1834. Davison. of that State. it Rice establishment. with the permission of Mrs. after he had thrown aside his "Manuscript Story. now Mrs. when Dr. Spaulding. when it was inadvertently who bought Howe's printing to transferred to L. Howe. this trunk." which at his death in 1816 was taken to the home of his wife's brother. took 6.THE BOOK OF MORMON 185 party of Romans who were thrown upon our shores in the time of Constantine the Great. After Islands. The Mormons have published copies of erroneously entitle "Manuscript Found. Howe until 1839 or 1840. of Onondaga 3. D. where it was later placed of Jerome Clark. Hawaiian though unaware of it. . New York." they 7. from Ohio. Rice removed to Honolulu. H. New York. with the manuscript.

Rosa a number of startling things. who. but who frequently lounged around the printing-office. 2. which he told the former had been written by a man by the name of Spaulding.186 THE TRUE ORIGIN OF our shores in early times under the leadership of Lehi and Nephi. Spaulding removed to Pittsburgh. at three different times : in March. Pennsylvania. In 1822 or 1823. in turn. his wife's niece. Alexander Campbell. and again in 1826 or 1827. Pennsylvania. In 1814. and he told two intimate acquaintances. 5. Darwin Atwater and Dr. the latter had in his employ a young man by the name of J. New York. 1816. Amos Dunlap. Harrison Lambdin. Cephas Dodd. Joseph Miller and Dr. Before Spaulding's death. Rigdon exhibited such a manuscript to Dr. in the fall of 1827. Spaulding country on his mother's farm. Between the years 1826 and 1830 he told Adamson Bentley. While Spaulding's relations with Patterson existed. 4. 3. for the purpose of having this manuscript printed. 1828. his manuscript came up missing. where he died in October. had a friend by the name of Sidney Rigdon. that he suspected Rigdon of the 6. 1827. and again in the summer of . 7. among them that a golden book had been dug up in New York which gave an account of the ancient inhabitants of this continent and stated that the Christian religion had been preached here in early times just as it was then being preached by Campbell and his coadjutors. During this time. and placed it in the printing establishment of left Pittsburgh and went to Amity. who lived a few miles in the Robert Patterson. or vicinity. 8. In 1812. theft. Rigdon was seen at Palmyra. John Winter and Mrs.

These. and its became one of most prominent leaders. later I fall of 1830.THE BOOK OF MORMON 9." THE END. believe. . Rigdon was converted to after only a few days' investigation. leads us directly to Spaulding's "Manuscript Found. are the links in that chain of evidence which. 187 In the late Mormonism. when followed from the Book of Mormon.

postpaid. in order to "Every one secure a who doubts the claims of it Mormonism should Geo.50 "While they strongly oppose polygamy now. This book a veritable thesaurus of information for the Mormon polemic.00 MORMONISM AGAINST ITSELF Cloth. writers anti- of Mormon. that the ancient inhabitants of the American racially. linguistically and of Book Mormon and the author shows differed continent socially from the peoples described in the Book argument made by archaeology is is Mormon carefully Every important and based upon American considered and its falsity exposed. postpaid. they acknowledge as prophet the man who author in his preface says: confessed to being the father of the doctrine of the plurality of wives. This book has been written to disprove the Mormons. O. 589 pp. This man to have. $1. .BOOKS Exposing Mormonism By CHARLES A. culturally. $1. is just the book for the busy meet and defeat this false teaching. TRAUM Price." THE STANDARD PUBLISHING COMPANY CINCINNATI. 12mo. copy and give a faithful study. Price. 12mo." The By S. $1. Hussey. THE TRUE ORIGIN OF MORMON POLYGAMY Cloth. religiously." This work enables the reader to "speak with authority. W. postpaid. SHOOK CUMORAH of the REVISITED Price. 12 mo.50 historical claims Its doth.






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