This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

:

The correct answer for each question is indicated by a Choose the best answer

1 INCORRECT

.

The difference between a random variable and a probability distribution is A) A random variable does not include the probability of an event. B) A random variable can only assume whole numbers. C) A probability distribution can only assume whole numbers. D) None of the above. Feedback: The correct answer is a. A random variable is a value resulting from an experiment, while a probability distribution is a listing of all possible outcomes and their associated probability.

2 INCORRECT

Which of the following is not a requirement of a binomial distribution? A) A constant probability of success. B) Only two possible outcomes. C) A fixed number of trails. D) Equally likely outcomes. Feedback: The correct answer is d. A binomial distribution has only two possible outcomes on each trial, results from counting successes over a series of trials, the probability of success stays the same from trial to trial and successive trials are independent.

3 CORRECT

The mean and the variance are equal in A) All probability distributions. B) The binomial distribution. C) The Poisson distribution. D) The hypergeometric distribution.

4 INCORRECT

In which of the following distributions is the probability of a success usually small? A) Binomial B) Poisson C) Hypergeometric D) All distribution Feedback: The correct answer is b. That's why it is often referred to as the “law of improbable events.”

5 INCORRECT

Which of the following is not a requirement of a probability distribution? A) Equally likely probability of a success. B) Sum of the possible outcomes is 1.00.

00 D) None of the above. C) The sum of the outcomes is greater than 1. A binomial distribution has only two possible outcomes on each trial. the probability of success stays the same from trial to trial and successive trials are independent. without exception. the positive tail gets relatively longer. D) The probability of each outcome is between 0 and 1. 10 INCORRECT . Feedback: The correct answer is b. Feedback: The correct answer is a. The probability of a success changes from trial to trial in the hypergeometric B) distribution.05 the distribution will A) Become more positively skewed. D) The outcomes cannot be whole numbers in the hypergeometric distribution. D) All of the above. B) Become more negatively skewed C) Become symmetrical. Feedback: The correct answer is d. B) All the values within a certain range are possible. 6 INCORRECT For a binomial distribution A) n must assume a number between 1 and 20 or 25. Feedback: The correct answer is b. 8 INCORRECT In a continuous probability distribution A) Only certain outcomes are possible. 9 INCORRECT For a binomial distribution with n = 15 as π changes from . So it includes all numbers. Continuous implies without interruption. B) π must be a multiple of . C) The number of trials changes in the hypergeometric distribution. As the likelihood of success gets smaller. Hence the probability of a success changes from trial to trial.C) The outcomes are mutually exclusive.50 toward . in a range. Only the classical notion of probability requires the events to be equally likely. D) None of the above. A typical case where the hypergeometric distribution applies is sampling without replacement. results from counting successes over a series of trials. Feedback: The correct answer is a. 7 INCORRECT Which of the following is a major difference between the binomial and the hypergeometric distributions? A) The sum of the outcomes can be greater than 1 for the hypergeometric. C) There must be at least 3 possible outcomes.10.

D) All of the above. Feedback: The correct answer is d.The expected value of the a probability distribution A) Is the same as the random variable. D) Cannot be greater than 1. C) The adequacy of sample results. They are all correct. A sample A) Is a part of the population. Feedback: The correct answer is b. Feedback: The correct answer is d. 2 INCORRECT Which of the following is not a reason for sampling? A) The destructive nature of certain tests. B) Every item has a chance to be in the sample. That's its definition. The average or mean describes what you “expect. C) Is usually identified as N. B) The physical impossibility of checking all the items in the population. 4 INCORRECT In a simple random sample th A) Every k item is selected to be in the sample. Feedback: The correct answer is a. B) Is another term for the mean. C) Is also called the variance. D) All of the above are reasons for sampling. .” Your Results: The correct answer for each question is indicated by a Choose the best answer 1 INCORRECT . 3 INCORRECT Which of the following is not a method of probability sampling? A) Random sampling B) Systematic sampling C) Stratified sampling D) All of the above are methods of probability sampling. D) All of the above. B) Has more than 30 observations. They are all probability sampling methods. C) Every item has the same chance to be in the sample.

If we select sample of what size will the distribution approximate the normal distribution? A) 2 B) 5 C) 20 D) 30 Feedback: The correct answer is d. Feedback: The correct answer is c. B) Always be normally distributed. B) The distribution of samples means will follow the uniform distribution. Answer a describes systematic sampling and answer b describes sampling. Feedback: The correct answer is d. Feedback: The correct answer is a. 9 INCORRECT Suppose we have a population that does not follow the normal distribution. B) Population standard deviation. C) Standard error of the mean. That's enough for the Central Limit theorem to take . It's a fact! 8 INCORRECT Suppose we have a population that follows the normal distribution. 7 INCORRECT The mean of the all the sample means and the population mean will A) Always be equal. D) None of the above. D) Sampling error. Which of the following statements is correct regarding the distribution of sample means? A) The population standard deviation is always unknown. D) None of the above is correct. but not a simple random sample.Feedback: The correct answer is c. That's its definition. 5 CORRECT Suppose a population consisted of 20 items. How many different samples of n = 3 are possible? A) 6840 B) 1140 C) 20 D) 120 6 INCORRECT The difference between the sample mean and the population mean is called the A) Population mean. C) Characterized by the standard error of the mean. In fact because of the Central Limit theorem effect it reinforces it. The process of averaging the sample values doesn't change the normality of the distribution. C) The distribution of the sample means will also follow the normal distribution.

Feedback: The correct answer is a. D)None of the above. 1INCORRECT A point estimate is C)An estimate of the population parameter. D)None of the above. Your Results: The correct answer for each question is indicated by a A)Always an estimate of the population mean.5 . 10 INCORRECT The standard error of the mean is A) The standard deviation of the sampling distribution of sample means. we would not do which of the following: A)Increase the size of the sample. ) C)Decrease the level of confidence. The width would increase if you reduced the size of the sample. Feedback: The correct answer is B. 3INCORRECT If we wish to decrease the width of a confidence interval. ) . Feedback: The correct answer is D. B Always equal to the population value. C) Sometimes less than 0.6 ) 5 C)2. 4INCORRECT We wish to develop a confidence interval for the population mean. B) Always normally distributed. What is the appropriate value of z? A)1. A confidence interval can include any value and you can only hope it includes the population parameter. but we have a sample of 40 observations. Section 9. D) None of the above. Feedback: The correct answer is C. Page 372 contains an explanation of the factors that determine interval width. ) C)Cannot include a value of 0. See pages 360 and 361.effect. See page 372 for an explanation of why B is the correct answer. That's its definition. 2INCORRECT A confidence interval A)Always includes the population parameter. You could be estimating a standard deviation as well as a mean and you're never sure it's exactly the same as the population parameter. B Decreases in width as the sample size is increased. We decide to use the 92 percent level of confidence.2 (pages 364-366) gives a general introduction to the concept of confidence intervals.9 6 B 1. The shape of the population is not known. B Reduce the size of the population. D)None of the above.

9INCORRECT The finite population correction factor is used when A)n is more than 30. There are different t distributions depending on the degrees of freedom. B Mean. 7INCORRECT The fraction or ratio of a sample possessing a certain trait is called a A)Population. so will the sampling distribution of the mean. The population follows the normal distribution. See pages 382-383.262 ) Feedback: The correct answer is A.7 5 Feedback: The correct answer is D. B N is more than 1.000. continued on pages 377-378. but we also need a large enough sample to let the Central Limit theorem work and approximate the binomial distribution by a normal. Feedback: The correct answer is D.8 D)1.9200/2 or 0. ) C)p should be less than . ) . and try the SELF-REVIEW 9-2 on page 367. D)Like z. If the population follows the normal distribution.812 E t = 2. 8INCORRECT To develop a confidence interval for a proportion A)We need to meet the binomial conditions. Feedback: The correct answer is D. That's its definition. The appropriate value to represent the level of confidence is A)z = 1.05. Option A is close. See page 382. See the discussion about the correct choice when estimating µ (Z or t) at the beginning of section 9. D)Proportion Feedback: The correct answer is D.4600 in the body of the standard normal (z) table. there is only one t distribution.833 D)t = 1. we know the population standard deviation.4 on page 373. 6CORRECT We wish to develop a confidence interval for the population mean. See page 374 for a description of the characteristics of the t distribution. B It has a mean of 0.96 ) C)t = 1. B The sample should be at least 100. Remember to look for an area of 0. ) C)Confidence interval. ) C)It is symmetrical.65 B z = 1. and have a sample of 10 observations. D)None of the above. We decide to use the 90 percent level of confidence. 5INCORRECT Which of the following statements is not a characteristic of the t distribution? A)It is a continuous distribution. See pages 366 –367.

5 D)We cannot complete the problem. Zero represents the impossible and one. No estimate of the population proportion is available. B It may assume negative values.0 ) 1 C)0. See page 393. We want to be 95 percent confident of our results and we want the estimate to be within . What value should we use for p? A)1. ) C)Always greater than 1. ) C)It may be greater than 1. D)The act of taking a measurement or the observation of some activity. D)It cannot be reported to more than 1 decimal place.C)np is greater than 5. Feedback: The correct answer is a. Your Results: The correct answer for each question is indicated by a . Then our sample (n) is a significant part of the population (N). B Collection of outcomes. we need more information. 10INCORRECT We wish to estimate the population proportion.9 6 B 0. That's its definition. 2CORRECT An experiment is a A)Collection of events. E None of the above is correct. ) Feedback: The correct answer is d. D)n/N is more than . E All the above are ) correct.01 of the population parameter. 1INCORRECT Which of the following is a correct statement about a probability? A)It may range from 0 to 1.05. 3INCORRECT Which of the following is not a type of probability? A)Subjective B Independent ) C)Relative frequency D)Classical . a sure thing. Feedback: The correct answer is D.

) C)The order of the outcomes is important. E None of the above. ) Feedback: The correct answer is a. 6INCORRECT We use the General Rule of Multiplication to combine A)Events that are not independent. ) C)Events that total more than 1. 4CORRECT Events are independent if A)By virtue of one event occurring another cannot. D)The special rule of multiplication E Joint probability ) Feedback: The correct answer is b. C)We can count the possible outcomes. It considers dependent or conditional probability. "Independent" refers to a relation between events. 7INCORRECT When we find the probability of an event happening by subtracting the probability of the event not happening from 1. 8INCORRECT When we determine the number of combinations A)We are really computing a probability. ) C)The general rule of addition. ) Feedback: The correct answer is d. That's its definition. There is no "double counting" among mutually exclusive two events. B Mutually exclusive events ) C)Events that total more than one. ) Feedback: The correct answer is b. D)The probability of one event happening does not affect the probability of another event happening. . B The probability of their occurrence is greater than ) 1. not probabilities. D)Events based on subjective probabilities E Found by using joint probabilities. 5INCORRECT The Special Rule of Addition is used to combine A)Independent events. D)Events based on subjective probabilities E Found by using joint probabilities. B Mutually exclusive events. we are using A)Subjective probability B The complement rule. That's its definition.Feedback: The correct answer is b.00. B The order of the outcomes is not important.

) Feedback: The correct answer is b. B Presenting data. for a final grade of 30%. ) Feedback: The correct answer is c. B Describe the data we collected. That's a fact! 10INCORRECT The difference between a permutation and a combination is: A)In a permutation order is important and in a combination it is not. 2CORRECT In descriptive statistics our main objective is to A)Describe the population. We also usually include collecting and analyzing data in our definition of statistics. Order is only important is permutations. ) C)A combination is based on the classical definition of probability. E None of the above.D)We multiple the likelihood of two independent trials. E None of the above. B In a permutation order is not important and in a combination it is important. D)A permutation is based on the classical definition of probability. ) C)Interpreting data. you answered 3 correctly. E None of the above. 3 correct (30%) 7 incorrect (70%) 0 unanswered (0%) Choose the best answer Your Results: The correct answer for each question is indicated by a . ) Results Reporter Out of 10 questions. D)All of the above. ) C)Is used to revise a probability based on new or additional information. D)Is found by applying the complement rule. 9INCORRECT Bayes' Theorem A)Is an example of subjective probability. 1INCORRECT The science of statistics includes which of the following: A)Organizing data. . Feedback: All of these are correct answers. B Can assume of value less than 0.

5INCORRECT A qualitative variable A)Always refers to a sample. The population doesn't have to be large or refer only to people. and ¾. It could be fractions. Feedback: The best answer is b since we are trying to "summarize data in an informative way." 3CORRECT Which of the following statements is true regarding a population? A)It must be a large number of values.) C)Infer something about the population. ) C)It refers to descriptive statistics. . D)Compute an average. ) C)Can assume only certain clearly separated values. ) C)It is a collection individuals. Feedback: The correct answer is b. Feedback: The correct answer is c. D)All of the above are correct. B Is not numeric. objects. Examples of qualitative variables include hair color. B Can assume only whole number values. or measurements. and gender. ½. Feedback: The correct answer is c. D)None of the above. 7CORRECT A nominal scale variable is A)Usually the result of counting something. such as ¼. B It must refer to people. B It must contain at least five observations. ) C)Has only two possible outcomes. 6INCORRECT A discrete variable is A)An example of a qualitative variable. which is the definition of a sample. D)All of the above are correct. D)Cannot be negative. Feedback: The correct answer is a. religious affiliation. 4INCORRECT Which of the following statements is true regarding a sample? A)It is a part of population.

) C)Has a meaningful zero point. D) The data must be at least interval scale. Feedback: The correct answer is c. Feedback: The correct answer is c. B Cannot assume negative values. That's the definition. To conduct a nonparametric test the A) Population must follow the normal distribution. D)Is usually based on counting. but there is no natural order. D)All of the above. B The objects can be ranked. D)Each object can be included in only one category. Recall nominal variables can only be classified. 9INCORRECT The ordinal scale of measurement A)Has a meaningful zero point.B Has a meaningful zero point. B Is based on ranks ) C)Cannot assume negative values. The ratio scale is the "highest" level of measurement. D)Cannot have more than two categories. Your Results: The correct answer for each question is indicated by a Choose the best answer 1 INCORRECT . ) C)May assume negative values. . The word "order" is another way of saying rank. C) It is not necessary to make any assumption about the shape of the population. 8INCORRECT The ratio scale of measurement A)Usually involves ranking. B) The standard deviation must be known. ) C)Each object must appear in at least one category. 1 Categories are exhaustive when INCORRECT 0 A)There is a meaningful zero point. Feedback: The correct answer is b. Feedback: The best answer is a.

Feedback: The correct answer is d. and the significance level is . The degrees of freedom is the number of categories minus one. . This is different from earlier chapters when we assumed a normal population.Feedback: The correct answer is c.488 B) 11. The critical value of X2 is A) 9. C) Forty percent of the cells must contain at least 10 observations. The major feature of nonparametric tests is assumptions about the shape of the population are not necessary. 2 INCORRECT Which of the following is not a characteristic of the X2 A) Its shape is based on the sample size. there are 5 categories. C) There must be at least 10 observations in each cell. 3 INCORRECT In a goodness-of-fit test where the sample size is 200. B) A variable is classified according to two criteria.773 D) None of the above. B) There must be at least 30 observations.05. C) It is positively skewed.05. The value is 9.070 C) 43. Feedback: The correct answer is a. and red). Move down that column to the row with 4 degrees of freedom. so df = 5 – 1 =4. How many degrees of freedom are there? A) 3 B) 8 C) 399 D) None of the above. 4 INCORRECT In a goodness-of-fit test A) All the cell frequencies must be the same. 5 CORRECT In a contingency table A) The number of rows must be the same as the number of columns. D) None of the above. D) It approaches a normal distribution as the degrees of freedom increase. black. Feedback: The correct answer is a. Go a chi-square table and locate the column headed . 6 INCORRECT In a contingency table a sample of 400 people is classified by gender and hair color (4 groups: blond. brown. The X2 distribution is based on the number of categories not the size of the sample. None of these statements are always correct. The other responses are all characteristics of the X2 distribution. B) It is not negative.488. D) All of the above.

8 INCORRECT To find the expected frequency in a contingency table A) Take the square root of the degrees of freedom. D) We must assume a normal population. We wish to investigate whether the number of observations could be the same in each of the categories in the population. 7 INCORRECT For a X2 goodness-of-fit test A) There is only one degree of freedom. B) When the cell frequencies are all equal. The degrees of freedom is equal to the number of categories minus one. Feedback: The correct answer is b. C) When the degrees of freedom is 1. The data may be of nominal scale and the degrees of freedom are the number of categories minus one. D) None of these. Feedback: The correct answer is b. Your Results: . it would be 0. B) The rejection region is in the upper right tail. so df = 6 – 1 = 5. How many degrees of freedom are there? A) 5 B) 97 C) 3 D) None of these. The X2 distribution cannot assume negative values because it is based on the squared difference between observed and expected frequencies.Feedback: The correct answer is a. D) Never Feedback: The correct answer is d. C) The scale of measurement is interval. If the observed and expected values were the same. Feedback: The correct answer is a. 9 INCORRECT Suppose we select a sample of 100 observations and organize them into 6 categories. For this X2 test all the rejection region is in the upper tail. C) Use the total number of observations minus one. 10 INCORRECT Under what conditions could the X2 distribution assume negative values? A) When the sample size is small. To find the expected frequency is each cell we multiply the row total by the column total and divide by the grand total. Multiple the row total by the column total and divide the result by the grand B) total. The degrees of freedom is (r – 1)(c –1) = (2 – 1)(4 – 1) = 3.

B The alternate hypothesis. B Both populations are positively skewed. ) C)The upper tail of the test statistic. The alternate hypothesis will never have an equal. which is the only one of the choices that always refers to proportions.01 significance level) to determine if there is a difference in the population means. For a one-tailed test of hypothesis (. 1INCORRECT In a two-sample test of means for independent samples. D)n and n(1-) are both greater than 5. 2.2 = 10 + 8 . the equal sign always appears in A)The null hypothesis. A)The population standard deviations are equal. 4CORRECT A random sample of 10 observations is selected from the first normal population and 8 from the second normal population. not means." 2INCORRECT In a two-sample test of means for independent samples. it will be >. B Both populations are positively skewed.921 C)-2. Feedback: The correct answer is a.55 2 B -2.01significance level) to determine if there is a difference in the population means.583.2 =16.The correct answer for each question is indicated by a . 5CORRECT A random sample of 10 observations is selected from the first normal population and 8 from he second normal population. The degrees of freedom is found by n1 + n2 . For a one-tailed test of hypothesis (. or "not equal to. D)None of the above. we use the z distribution when A)The population standard deviations are equal. D)n and n(1-) are both greater than 5. 3CORRECT Which of the following is a requirement for a two-sample test of proportions. and d refers to tests of proportions. ) C)Both samples are at least 30. The equality sign always is in the null hypothesis. the critical value(s) are A)2. Feedback: The correct answer is c. ) 2. Answer a is not a necessary condition. Feedback: The correct answer is d. the degrees of freedom are A)1 8 B1 ) 7 C)1 6 D)None of the above Feedback: The correct choice is c.583 .921. the shape of the population does not matter when the sample is large. ) C)Both samples are at least 30. <.

9INCORRECT When conducting a test of hypothesis for the dependent samples A)We should have at least 30 pairs.05.10. ) C)The p-value is more than . B The value of the test statistic. find the row for a one-tailed test. D)None of the above Feedback: The correct answer is d. 7INCORRECT To conduct a test of means for two independent samples which of the following are always required? A)At least one of the samples must have 30 observations B Both samples must have 30 observations ) C)nπ and nπ (1 . 10INCORRECT Which of the following is not necessary to determine a p-value? A)Knowledge of whether the test is one-tailed or two-tailed. so a and b are not correct.π ) must be 5. There is no sample size requirement. the column corresponding to .D)None of the above Feedback: The correct answer is a.552. D)All of the above. and move down to the row with 18 degrees of freedom. The populations must follow the normal distribution and have equal standard deviations. but the sample sizes do not have to be the same. ) C)The level of significance. None of these responses refer to tests are required. Your Results: The correct answer for each question is indicated by a . B The significance level is more than . Feedback: The correct answer is d. D)None of the above. ) C)The samples are unrelated. Feedback: The correct answer is a. D)All of the above are needed. . The samples are dependent or related and to conduct the test. 6INCORRECT Which of the following is not a requirement for the two-sample test of means for independent samples when both samples contain less than 30 observations? A)Normal populations B Equal population standard deviations ) C)Equal sample sizes D)All of the above are required. 8INCORRECT To conduct a test of hypothesis for dependent samples we assume that A)The distribution of the difference between the paired observations follows the normal distribution. Refer to Appendix F. Feedback: The correct answer is c. the differences must follow the normal distribution. B Both samples are at least 30. The value is 2.01 significance level. Answer c refers to tests regarding proportions not means.

B) Shows all possible net regression coefficients. B) The total number of observations C) The number of degrees of freedom.Ŷ).Ŷ) . . C) Is one intercept value. D) All of the above. whose square root is the coefficient of correlation. The multiple standard error of estimate is based on squared deviations from the regression equation. D) All of the above. B) Is negative when one of the net regression coefficients is 0. C) Is found by (Y . Feedback: The correct answer is a. k refers to the number of independent variables. C) Shows the correlations that are positive. C) Is found by taking the square root of SSR/SS total. 2 CORRECT A dummy variable or indicator variable A) May assume only a value of 0 or 1. It cannot be negative. The term SSR/SS total yields the coefficient of determination. B) Is another term for the dependent variable. D) The sum of squares total. All of the statements are correct. D) Is equal to Ŷ 3 INCORRECT The multiple standard error of estimate is 2 A) Is based on the (Y .Choose the best answer 1 INCORRECT In a multiple regression equation there A) Are two or more independent variables. 5 CORRECT A correlation matrix A) Shows all simple coefficients of correlation. 4 INCORRECT In the ANOVA table the value of k is A) The number of independent variables. B) Is only one dependent variable. Feedback: The correct answer is a. Feedback: The correct answer is d. 6 INCORRECT In a multiple regression equation A) There is only one dependent variable. D) Reports the multiple regression equation.

7 INCORRECT Multicollinearity occurs when A) The residuals are correlated. D) Has the same degrees of freedom as the MSE term. Feedback: The correct answer is b. B) Whether any of the set of independent variables differ from 0. Feedback: The correct answer is c. Feedback: The correct answer is a. C) We usually delete the variables where the null hypothesis is not rejected. 8 INCORRECT In a global test of hypothesis we determine A) Which independent variables do not equal 0. D) All of the above. Homoscedasticity occurs when the residuals are not constant for all fitted values. C) Whether any of the correlation coefficients differ from 0.50. B) Cannot assume a negative value. D) None of the above. 9 CORRECT In testing the significance of individual regression coefficients A) The test statistic is the t distribution. C) All the regression coefficient must be between -1. . 10 CORRECT The residual Is the difference between the actual and the predicted value of the dependent A) variable. The term multicollinearity refers to correlation among the independent variables. D) The residuals are not constant for all Y' values. D) None of the above.00. C) Is also called the correlation matrix. B) We test the independent variables individually. The global test considers the independent variables as a group. Autocorrelation often occurs when time is involved in the study. There may be several independent variables but we can only predict the outcome of one variable.2 B) The R term must be at least .00 and 1. B) Time is involved in the analysis C) The independent variables are correlated.

Sign up to vote on this title

UsefulNot useful- Decision of Uncertainty Paper.docxfinal
- qrb501_r2_sample_examination_faculty[1]
- Business STAT Answers
- Accounting Concepts & Conventions
- Learning Team B Business Research Method Part 1 Final
- Assignment 3 - Answer Key
- Practice Exam
- CH 23 Homework
- Chapter 04
- 3 Probability and Sampling Distributions
- Quantitative Techniques
- 79315_Lecture 6 - Qualitative and Quantitative Sampling
- importance_sampling
- MFSAS.pdf
- Stochastic Simulation
- is.2500.3.1995
- c i 4201564569
- It is Incumbent on the Researcher to Clearly Define the Target Population
- 3 Sampling
- Sampling Terminology
- Sampling Techniques
- bryman3e_ch07
- Q Review of Sampling Modes
- Stats Practice (RJ 08 P2)
- research methods - sampling techniques.ppt
- Acceptable Quality Level (AQL)_ Issues and Resolution
- sampling
- Different Sampling Techniques
- Basic Sampling Issues
- BBASemWise Third QuestionBank
- Quantitative Reasoning Final Exam (QTN-561)