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   is a hand-to-hand combat system developed in Israel that involves wrestling,
grappling and striking techniques, mostly known for its extremely efficient, effective and brutal
counter-attacks, as it is mostly taught to elite special forces around the world. It was derived
from street-fighting skills created by Imi Lichtenfeld, who made use of his training as a boxer
and wrestler, as a means of protecting the Jewish quarter against fascist groups in Bratislava in
the mid- to late-1930s. In the late-1940s, after his immigration to Israel, he started to provide
hand-to-hand combat training to what was to become the IDF, developing the techniques that
became known as  . It has been refined for both civilian and military applications.

  has a philosophy which has a serious emphasis on threat neutralization, a mixture of
defensive and offensive maneuvers, and aggression.    is used by the IDF Special
Forces units and several closely related variations have been developed and adopted by law
enforcement and intelligence organizations, Mossad, Shin Bet, FBI, ATF, DEA, ICE, SWAT
units of the NYPD, French Army Special Forces and United States Special Operations Forces.

As all, there are no rules in Krav Maga, as it is a defense fighting technique which is not
regulated making it the ideal choice for personal defense! It is utilized to keep the user safe and
incapacitate the opponent by any means necessary. Men and women generally undergo similar
drills. It has no sporting federation as it is not regulated, and there are no official uniforms or
attire, although some organizations do recognize growth through training with rank badges,
different levels, and belts.
General principles include:

› Counter attacking as soon as possible (or attacking preemptively).

› Targeting attacks to the body's most vulnerable points such as the eyes, jaw, throat, groin,
knee etc.
› Neutralizing the opponent as quickly as possible by responding with an unbroken stream
of counter attacks and if necessary a take down/joint break/concussion.
› Maintaining awareness of surroundings while dealing with the threat in order to look for
escape routes, further attackers, objects that could be used to defend or help attack and so
Training also include situational awareness to develop an
understanding of one's surroundings and potentially threatening situations before an attack
occurs sometimes. It also cover ways to deal with potentially violent situations, and the best part
is that it emphasizes on physical and verbal methods to avoid violence whenever possible.

Krav Maga incorporates techniques from traditional Eastern European streetfighting, military
combat, Boxing, Muay Thai, Western Wrestling, and Ju-Jitsu.


Punches are highly emphasized in Krav Maga as main basic strikes which
are useful in almost any situation. Training in boxing is highly prized in Krav Maga (Lichtenfeld
was himself a boxer at national-level). Among some of the punches taught are the straight punch,
palm heel strike, low punch, hammer-fist, hook, uppercut, chop, overhand, as well as a variety of
elbow strikes.

While Krav Maga does use kicks, it focuses on efficient, low-risk
kicks. The actual focus is on low kicks. More advanced and risk prone kicks are taught at high
levels, but use of them is discouraged. They are mainly taught so that practitioners are able to
recognize them in case they are facing an experienced opponent with a background in kick-heavy
martial arts, such as taekwondo. Some of the leg techniques that are taught include the front kick,
round kick, side kick, back kick, heel kick, slap kicks, axe kicks, various knee strikes, and

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Krav Maga practitioners are taught to go from defending to attacking as

quickly as possible as the best defense is a good offense. Most blocking techniques are designed
to facilitate the conversion from defense to attacking. Students are taught how to defend against
kicks and punches, as well as learning how to defend against attacks from any angle

While Krav Maga stresses staying off the ground at all costs, it is
accepted that you may eventually have no choice but to fight there. Students are taught how to
get into the best positions while on the ground, how to throw certain kicks while on the ground,
arm bars, triangle choke, and guillotine. They're also taught how to defend against punches while
mounted, chokes, headlocks, and what to do if their wrists are pinned.

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Not a lot of throws are covered in Krav Maga, because the system
emphasizes staying off of the ground. Some techniques that are taught include the wristlock, one
and two leg takedowns, the hip throw, and the one arm shoulder throw.


Krav Maga details many ways to remove and defend your-self against
many common weapon threats as it is mainly developed for the armed services. These Krav
Maga Techniques include: Gun defense techniques, Knife defense techniques, and blunt striking
weapon, such as a stick.