BANDAGING A bandage is a material used to provide support either to a medical dressing or an injured part of the body The various

reasons for applying bandages are: Bandaging helps the dressing to stay firmly on the wound. Bandaging is an effective technique to support a hurt joint. Bandage wrapping helps to reduce swelling. In case of a wound, bandaging helps to stop bleeding. Bandaging helps to restrict the movement of an injured body part. Types of Bandages: 1.TRIANGULAR- used to support and immobilize the part of the body. 2. CRAPE BANDAGE- type of woven that has the quality of stretching. 3. GAUZE or COTTON BANDAGE- use to retain dressings on wounds of fingers, hands, toes, feet, ears eyes and head. 4. Adhesive Bandage- use to retain dressing and also used where application of pressure to an area is needed.

METHODS OF APPLYING BANDAGES: 1.Circular- used chiefly to anchor bandages 2.Spiral- used to bandage cylindrical parts of the body that are fairly uniform in circumference, such as upper arm and upper leg. 3.Reverse Spiral- or (spiral reverse turns) arte used to bandage cylindrical parts of the body that are not uniformed in circumferencesuch as the lower leg or the lower fore arm. 4.Figure of 8- application of bandages on elbow, ankle and knee.

SECURING BANDAGE: To secure bandage apply the following 1.tape 2. metal 3. safety pin 4. binders - binders used to secure a dressing in the rectum or perineal area. - abdominal binders ( Scultetus) Ensure that there are no wrinkles or creases in the binder. PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES IN APPLYING BANDAGES: 1. Wash hands. ( wear gloves if necessary) 2. Assist victim to assume comfortable position on bed or chair and support the body part to be bandage. 3. Always stand in front of the part/ victim to be bandaged. Except when applying bandage to the head, eye or ear. 4. Be sure that the bandage is rolled firm. 5. Make sure that the body part to be bandage is clean and dry. 6. Assess the skin before bandaging. For any breakdown. 7. Observe circulation by noting pulse , surface temperature, skin color and sensation of the body part to be wrap. 8. Always start bandaging from inner to outer aspect. 9. Always start and end with two circular turns.