Abstract A pendulum is an object that is attached to a pivot point so it can swing freely.

This object is
subject to a restoring force that will accelerate it toward an equilibrium position. When the pendulum is displaced from its place of rest, the restoring force will cause the pendulum to oscillate about the equilibrium position. Physical pendulum is small compared with the length of the cable. When these approximations are not sufficient, one must take into account the way in which mass is distributed in the cable and bob. This is called the physical pendulum, as opposed to the idealized model of the simple pendulum. Significantly, the period of a physical pendulum does not depend on its total mass either. This experiment, physical pendulum is done to determine the mass moment of inertia by oscillation at centre of gravity and at suspension point of the wooden pendulum. The experiment was performed in the dynamic lab by using universal vibration apparatus. In this experiment there are two suspension point that we use to hang wooden pendulum. And at each point, the pendulum is oscillated. By letting the pendulum to be oscillated for 10 cycles, the time is then taken. By this, we will get the time needed for the pendulum to oscillate ten cycle released from the angle of 30 degrees. In this experiment we can measure and calculate the length, wide, volume, and density of the wooden pendulum.And from the data we are able to calculate the period of oscillation, mass moment of inertia at centre of gravity and mass moment of inertia at suspension point. We can conclude that the time and period for each point of suspension is about the same. Different angle does not affect the period of oscillation. The value of IG and IO between the two points of oscillation is also tolerance

3) Mass of Wooden Pendulum. The process was repeated for different suspension point which was point O 2 and period of oscillation. 8. By using equations from the Mathematical and Physical Pendulum. Compared these values against those obtained from manual calculation. 5. 9. the period of oscillation. The average of the three periods was calculated for each suspension point. the period of oscillation. The length. The pendulum is then hanged at 150 onto the Universal Vibration System apparatus by inserting the Vee support at point O1. . and wide of the wooden pendulum were measured using a ruler. The average of the period was calculated. O1 and O2. 6. 3.Procedure To show how MMI can be determined by oscillation. the pendulum is allowed to oscillate about 2 different suspension points. An angle of 150 was fixed where the wooden pendulum was released to oscillate from this angle. T 1 was measured for three times. 4. m=600g 1. 2) Period of oscillation of Mathematical Pendulum. Equations from Mathematical and Physical Pendulum were used to determine the mass moment of inertia (I G and I o). the MMI (IG and Io) can be determined. thickness. T 2 was measured for three times. 7. The time taken for the oscillation to complete 10 cycles is recorded (T1). T1 and T2 are measured. 2. The pendulum was allowed to oscillate about point O 1. Then. Then. Note: 1) Natural Frequency of Mathematical Pendulum.

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