1) Section I: All the questions are compulsory (2) Section II: Attempt any three out of five questions.

(3) Figures to the right indicate marks. Section I (1) Explain following concepts in brief (any two): (10) (a) Karma Siddhant and Productivity (b) Yoga Practice and Managerial Effectiveness (c) Inner Reality and Self-Management (d) Meditation and Managerial Decision-Making (a) (c) (e) (h) Potential Divinity (b) Atman Purushartha Model (d) Quality of work life Concept of Meditation (f) Concept of Karma (g) Gandhiji’s philosophy of Trusteeship

SRT Gunas

(a) Theory of Dharma (b) Concept of Karta (c) SRT Gunas (d) BLISS (e) Leadership (f) Social audit (g) Ethical dilemma (a) The concept of Corporate Karma (b) The concept of Karta (c) The concept of Divinity (d) The concept of Dharmic Leadership (e) The concept of Sustainable Development (f) The concept of Social Harmony (a) Ethical dilemma (b) The four varnas (c) Bliss (Ananda) (d) Social Audit (e) Creativity (f) Service Attitude (g) Self Motivation Section II 3) What roles does Indian corporate can play to harmonise human values, culture and society? (10) 4) Comment of the reflections of Indian thought on corporate leadership of family managed business in India (10) 5) Define Indian ethos. Explain with examples its distinctive characteristics influencing management practices in India and abroad. (10) 6) Explain in brief- (10) a) Inner personality development as per Indian view

(10) (6) “Yoga and Meditation can bring down the stress. and increase performance levels” – Discuss (10) (3) Discuss the impact of Indian culture heritage on the youth today. (10) (6) Explain how an organization can achieve corporate excellence through Business Ethics? (10) (3) Write about Motivation and Leadership from the Indian Perspective (10) (4) Who is a mentor? Describe the importance of mentor in transforming an organization (10) (5) What differences exist in the practices of Management in traditional and modern type of organizations. society and business in the Indian context.b) Pranayam and efficiency at work (3) Analyse the concepts of Inspiration and Motivation in the Indian context and compare them with the western concepts. (10) (3) In your view which leadership theory is most effective in India? Explain. (10) (5) What according to you are the qualities and traits of an ideal leader? Explain giving suitable Indian examples. human mind and society? How does it help in building human capital? (10) (5) Explain the concept of Transformational Leadership Style with reference to the Indian management Thoughts with one corporate example. (10) (4) Discuss the synthesis between nature. (10) (4) How does stress affect performance? How it can be controlled through yoga and meditation? (10) (5) What are different types of conflicts? How do they arise and what are the methods of resolving them? (6) What are the essential differences in management practices between traditional organizations and modern organizations? (10) (7) Write short notes on: (10) (a) Nishkaam Karma (b) SRT Gunas (c) Holistic approach to Personality Development . (10) (6) Distinguish between the modern and gurukul system of learning. (10) (4) Discuss the correlation between nature.

25. When Frank’s boss.000 bonus for Frank. Speaking of which. I heard that you have season tickets to the Cubs!” replies Otis. Business has picked up. Otis Hillman was a buyer for Thermocare. I know that part of your increases are due to our quality products. “You might be right. resulting in a 2 crore contract. “I’ve always wanted to see Sammy Sosa hit a home!” Frank thought for a moment and said. or hierarchical. I think you’ll need the additional inventory. few mistakes were tolerated. “Otis. How about we discuss this over a ball game?” “Well. she was very pleased. Otis agreed.” said Frank. may be not. May be it’s because of your product. a national hospital chain.(d) Stress management through yoga and meditation (a) (b) (c) (d) Indian Cultural Heritage Business Ethics and Corporate Governance Confluence of Individual Karma and Corporate Karma Success in Life from Indian Perspective (a) Creative thinking (b) Purusharth Model (c) As the king so the people (d) Ecological Responsibility (a) (b) (c) (d) Karta in Family Managed Business Krishna as a Management Guru Methods of Learning Corporate Governance (a) Productivity improvement through IMTP (b) Organizational culture (2) Case Study: Frank Gracia was just starting out as a salesman with Acme Corporation. Because of the competitive nature of the medical-suppliers industry. OK”. By the seventhinning stretch. It looks as if you didn’t have at the end of Last quarter. but then again. 2 crore. Frank’s first meeting with Otis was a success. “Otis. It’s still not clear to me whether Acme is the best for us. Frank had convinced Otis that the additional inventory was needed and offered to give Thermocare a pair of season tickets. This sale represented a significant increase for Acme and an additional Rs. Amber. heard of the sale. . Some months later Frank called in Thermocare seeking to increase the contract by Rs. Acme’s corporate culture was top-down.

“Frank. ‘for which Frank received another bonus increase and another positive letter from headquarters.then’ if he’s not asking you to go. You seem to have connected with their buyer. “You let me worry about that”. In Cancun. Everyone of you has your salesperson here. At the beginning of the quarter Frank had run the numbers on Thermocare’s account and found that business was booming. Amber gave each person Rs.000 and said. One of those invited was Thermocare. Amber. “Is he asking you to go with him?” “No. so he excused himself to another room and called Amber about what he was thinking of doing. Two quarters later Frank had become one of the top producers in the division. As a result of your understanding the qualitative differences of our products. Questions: (Each Question carries 5 marks) (a) What are the potential ethical issues faced by the Acme Corporation? (b) What should Acme do if there is a desire to make ethics a part of its core organizational values? . We’ve been trying to get Thermocare’s business for a long time. “Are you kidding!” responded Amber. this is great. Amber told him. (This case is strictly hypothetical: any resemblance to real persons.” said Amber. but this is a big increase. I don’t understand why you’re talking to me. the conversation seemed to go smoothly. Some time later Amber announced to her division that they would be taking all of their best clients to Las Vegas for thank-you party. 10. Didn’t I say we’d take care of their needs?” “But what will Acme say if this gets outs?” asked Frank. Frank had never been in a situation like this before. If there is anything that you need. “I want you to know that Acme is very grateful for the business that you have provided us. we have doubled our production facilities. As Frank went over the figure enjoyed the season tickets. Otis decided to purchase the additional goods. companies or situation is coincidentaly). This trip and everything that goes with it for next few days is our small way of saying thankyou. Frank soon found that Otis and his wife had never been to Cancun. Frank received another large bonus check and a letter of achievement from the Vice President of Marketing. When they arrived. “Don’t worry’ it won’t. “Why are you even calling me on this? I’ll find the money somewhere to pay for it. The numbers showed that Otis’s business without hurting return on assets. please let them know and we’ll try to accommodate you. When Frank came to Amber about this.” As a result of the Thermocare account. not me!” “well.” As the conversation meandered. Have a good time! That night Otis had seen Frank at dinner and suggested to him that he was interested in attending an “adult entertainment” club. When Frank suggested that Otis and his wife be his guests in Cancun. she said.” “Is this OK with Acme?” asked Frank. Mexico.

the BIBI Coffee Ltd. Killing of Mr. (2) Case Study: (20) In August 1997. . The background of the involvement of BIBI Coffee explained as follows: Earlier the AFLA called for a meeting of BIBI Coffee which were attended by the BIBI Coffee Ltd. P. The contraversly brought to the attention of the rest of the country and it remembered such other happenings – (Kidnapping. Officials from Government side opined that “it is the moral responsibility of companies to inform the Government. The BIBI Coffee Company one of the companies among all.Scaria was gunned down who was one of a famous tea company employees. murders. training. The companies joined efforts to create a security force to fight against the AFLA militants also went in vain. Manager Ledo Tea Estate. The Government (State.C. Surinder Paul. Asstt.(c) Identify the ethical issue of which Frank needs to be aware. anti-national act on the part of Business Homes. Many top names of India’s corporate and political circles were in controversy. there would be further killings. clerk of Coamore Estates. Amal Barna. Mumbai Police arrested a woman (Unnati) who was cultural secretary of the Banned Militant Organization AFLA. equipping Militants of AFLA were shared by the companies. Chaudhury. The representatives were threatened further by the AFLA terrorists that if they were not paying money etc. In September. Mr. Gora) too. 1997 BIBI Coffee’s North Indian Plantations Division Manager at Darjeeling. The Chief Ministers and other higher officials also were of the same opinion from the various State Governments. was arrested on charges of “aiding and abetting terrorism” and assisting persons involved in waging war against the country. representatives and from other companies. exortions – There were many such victims like D. Central) however maintained its stand that funding extremists is an anti-social. Many meetings took place between corporate Top Officials and Top Bureaucrats. The police of Delhi had been following her for more than 3 months and after confirming her link with AFLA. Charges were issued against company’s welfare officer (Mr. the police or CBI about exortion by Militants”. Most of the companies accepted the demand of AFLA. and the list is exhaustive. brother of famous Industrialist etc. but was for her association with India’s leading Coffee Company BIBI Coffee Ltd. (d) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each division Frank could make. was alleged to have borne the expenses for the check-up at the Lokjas hospital plus travel and hotel charges for her two more companions and herself. The cost of hiring. who had accompanied Unnati to Bombay. out of compulsion. also had to support and fund the terrorists of AFLA. The police arrested her not for her link with AFLA.

I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody who asked for it nor will I make any suggestions t this effect. a nurse after locking the room where blankets for doctors were stored. they went on a strike and demanded that the matron and the nurse tenders an apology. Finally the dispute was resolved by the Administration and the Dean and resumed duty after almost 48 hours. On discovering that there might be no blankets for the night. A senior physician associated with the hospital has condemned the irresponsible behavior of the doctors. Apparently. Misbehavior of the doctors by striking just when they are almost needed is indeed regrettable.” – Hippocratic Oath taken by Medical Students When lakhs of people of the quake-hit region in Gujarat State were braving the biting cold under open skies. had forgotten to deposit the keys with the hospital matron. I will keep them from harm and injustice. some 100 odd resident doctors of a hospital in Rajkot went on a flashing strike ignoring more 100 critically injured quake victims for almost six hours. the physician and all the gods and goddesses. I will apply dietic measures for the benefit of the sick according to my abilities and judgment.Questions: (1) Analyse the reason for which BIBI Coffee to strike a deal with AFLA? (5) (2) Is it ethical and moral to help AFLA to keep its business running? (5) (3) What are various ethical dilemmas faced by BIBI Coffee? (5) (4) The charges on BIBI Coffee were how far correct? What options available to the company? (5) (2) Case Study: (20) “I swear by Apollo. Questions: (1) Have the doctors violated the Hippocratic Oath? (5) (2) Was the behavior of the Resident Doctors unethical? (5) (3) What is remedial action would you suggest? (5) (4) Do you believe that professionals have an ethical code of conduct? (5) (2) Case Study: (20) . making them my witness that I will fulfill according to my ability and judgment this oath and this covenant. announcing a flash strike. The hospital didn’t supply blankets or given medical treatment to the quake injured and seriously ill patients as the angry doctors assembled in the hospital compound and chanted slogans. all of the doctors gheraoed the matron and the assistants and abused them for a mistake committed by a nurse. In a fury. to ward of the chill in the special rooms where the doctors had been put up.

On the other hand.A. Vivek to leave Mumbai as he was having a well established medial practices here. from their competitor XYZ System Ltd. This is why a child only creates very little karma through his actions. but the karma he has goes with him. feeling and need impels a corresponding reaction. Vivek. son or friends or any other relatives. with whom she got married about a year back. Dr. She was thrilled to receive a job offer for a senior position in California U. father. (c) She had assembled a team of professionals who will feel left out in case she decides to leave ABC. it is more the motive and intent behind a deep that impels a reaction rather than the deed itself. whom she greatly admired both as Industry Leader and as an Ideal Employer. The body is burnt by the fire. Krishna tells us is in the . He crosses the dangerous thresh holds without the companionship of mother. family life etc (5) THE CONCEPT OF KARMA “A man is born alone and dies alone. her quitting could put the whole project in jeopardy.Sarita is a software engineer working with ABC technologies Ltd. On family front it was not possible for Dr. only have a small positive effect. (b) She being a driving force behind a huge project of ABC. a police officer killing a potential evildoer to save a victim’s life will only face little karma. but with an egoistic motive behind. Every thought. brother. Vivek raised couple of questions in this connection: (a) ABC Ltd. Therefore. morality. The position that was offered was just what she wanted. has invested heavily on her training both in India and USA. you shall reap in this life or the next as you have sown in this and previous lives.S. at Mumbai. However. She discussed the matter with her husband Dr. Questions: (1) What should Sarita do? Is it normally wrong to leave the present job? (5) (2) Will she be disloyal to the team members whom she had bought together? (5) (3) Is there any clash between career development and family life for woman professionals? (5) (4) Create a tabular chart to facilitate decision making involving issues such as loyalty. This is also why deeds seeming good. professional growth.” – Maharshi Vyas Karma is a Sanskrit word meaning “action”. According to the Law of Karma. they will have to practically live as forced bachelors.

It is important to emphasize that karma not only involves all the positive effects we have brought about through our many lives. Good karma on the other had opens up for possibilities. who have taught us humans about eternal values. first told us to seek the kingdom of God. Accept the result with Prasad Bhav – Lord Krishna The studious student must remember that he has put in his 100% efforts & given his very best performance in his exam.Bhagvad Gita: “One who acts by dedicating all activities to the Ultimate Truth. but also the painful circumstances we have had to deal with and learn from. we have a free will to choose and learn through our choices. is not affected by sin. As long as we are attached to transient earthly things. then we shall be given all that we need. Bad Karma results in suffering and the purpose is to help man get back on the right path. Inspite of that. but only through group efforts. we shall experience suffering when we lose them. . he will perform better next time. Corporate Karma Karma is both collective & individual. Still. giving up attachment. all great and enlightened souls. This is the doctrine of Nishkam Karma Where he is not attached to the results of one deeds or karma.this is due to his Prarabdha karma & if he accepts this & studies more rigorously. Employees & mangers of a company are led by the corporate mission. It is a principle of justification in nature & is law of action & reaction implying that every action under specific circumstances have its corresponding reaction which is exactly proportionate to it. This is corporate karma. Thus he will help himself The law of karma as understood in India does not simply mean merit is rewarded in heaven & demerit punished in hell.which tells the world what the company stands for & goals & targets are set up they cannot be attained individually. he missed the distinction by 1 %.” Ignorance is to a far greater extent than malice the cause of human suffering. and the aim here is for man to use his good experience and qualities to help others. Therefore. just as a lotus leaf in water.

Until you start to become aware of your own behavior and start to be fed up with the result of your very own actions. The only sure method of finding one is changing your very own behavior. The law of Karma is known in Christian teachings. It says: Whatever you do to others – will be done to you. the cradle of modern science Actually it is very simple and has been known for thousands of years. This law is so straightforward and logical. Karma Yoga is all about identifying your priorities and trying to achieve them. If you knock your head against a wall. In short. Karma Yoga It is yoga of selfless service to others. injury to the person and the law of Karma requires you to experience the same pain. even though the idea was widespread in ancient Greece. If you knock someone by physically fighting – you may cause harm. Until you start to strive for a more peaceful environment. he should always hold only himself responsible for whatever goes right or wrong. individual problems are the result of both inner and outer circumstances having root in the past. The core issue separating Western belief from Eastern belief is whether the causes of suffering only may be ascribed to this life or whether they may also be ascribed to past lives. that some persons still think they may somehow get around it. If you are of a physically fighting nature. pain.e. Whatever you do. hereditary genetic factors and social circumstances. as well as in many other cultures. you may attract persons around you. in this or any future incarnation of your soul. It is actually widely accepted that traumas may be traced back to childhood and early adolescence. Current researchers of psychological and social issues are trying to uncover this relation. It is further recognized that unfortunate decisions made by decision-makers of previous generations contribute to social problems in later generations. it is acknowledged that suffering is an interaction between individual psychological dispositions. This is to have you learn to behave in a way that accuses but pleasant experience to others and yourself alike. The latter belief is not accepted in academic circles today. that have a same or similar Karma than you have. a person should have accountability i. it sometimes is hard to believe. All in all. you may attract such persons again and again. it is obvious – it may damage the wall and it may hurt your head.Western scientists also see a relation between deeds and either well being or suffering. . Also.

There are 6 basic principles.. They are : & Each soul is a potential God & Holistic approach & Equal importance to Subjectivity/Objectivity & Karma yoga & Yogah Karmasu Kaushalam & Co – operation IS IT POSSIBLE IN TODAY’S WORLD TO INTEGRATE VALUES AND MANAGEMENT? Ans. etc. Any work carried out with full concentration. The extrinsic incentives e. becomes valuable and the person also becomes valuable to others as well as to society. Values: . Under this slogan we have one hundred percent concentration coming from within. Kaushalam denotes doing work with devotion and without attachment i. Your head. Yoga Karmasu Kaushalam Yoga means excellence at work. which come to light in the holy books applicable in today’s management world. or personal gain. You do not hanker over the fruits of action. heart and soul co-operate with your hands.g. Such detached attitude enhances its values and improves the concentration and skill of the worker. Upanishads. cultures or even entire planets. dedication and with all abilities that a person has. Seek to perform your assigned duty or work in an excellent manner. other perks. In total quality management(TQM) Karma Yoga and Yogah Karmasu Kaushalam provide valuable contributions. You have no anticipation of reward. without being a work-a-holic. determination and ability.e. You become a tool of God to perform the work. nations. To answer the following question let us know the core meaning of both values and management. Bible and Kuran. money. Indian ethos for management means the application of principles of management as revealed in our ancient wisdom brought forth in our sacred books like our Gita. You work with smartness. cities. play a very minor role as motivators. groups.This law applies for individuals as much as for families. villages.

Outer success fulfils social responsibilities and ecological balance. the human values help good inter personal interactions. Our effectiveness at work is tied to exercising intrinsic human values i. worker and citizen satisfaction they enhance the goodwill of the organization. . the human values help self development managerial functions such as direction control. The outer achievement is related to achieving set goals using one’s talents and experience for the benefit of others (Employees. supervision.e. Cosmic unity – That the individuals’ soul or jivatvam is linked to the universal soul/idea/energy or parmatman or Brahman. Some fundamental values which are universally applicable are: 1. as a permanent state of mind. communication. This is also called daivi sampati or divine qualities. 2. moral and ethical values such as communication excellence. innovation. coordination are much easier. Now if we coagulate both the meanings then we would realize that both are complimentary to each other than supplementary. creativity and co-ordination. mental. enrichment. that is in Satyug. Outer success is related to all parts of our personality thus by analyzing the above points. They are part and parcel of achieving accelerated process of improvement. customer.e. Chit or consciousness 5. Dwaparyug Tartyug or Kaliyug as well. Satya or truth 4. I come to the conclusion that values and management can be integrated in every yug i. Management: Management is a process of designing and maintaining an environment in which people achieve common organizational goals in most effective and efficient manner. integration. derived from this unity.The mental contents of a good person are called ethical values. physical. We seek fulfillment. Inner spiritual. Ananda or bliss. Ahimsa or non-violence. In short. customers. clients and public). credibility. happiness and success it is achievement of inner and outer success needs holistic view. emotional. management is getting things from others. They reduce conflicts and disputes. 3.

beliefs. Most cultures expect different behaviour from males than from females. It reflects our views. 5. abilities. Thus heredity plays a very important part in shaping the personality. Heredity: The role of heredity in the development of personality is an old argument in the personality theory. located in the chromosomes. One of those expectations has to do with sex roles. While growing the child learns to behave in ways expected by the culture of the family to which the baby was born. Physical structure Reflexes Innate drives Intelligence Temperament Nevertheless. We act/behave/think in a particular way because that is values ethics and cultures determine to a very large extent our personality. 2. characters. Environment: Personality development owes as much to environment as it does to heredity. Physical attributes for instance may be largely attributed to heredity. the role of heredity on personality development cannot be minimized totally. knowledge. etc. Heredity refers to those factors which were determined at conception and reflexes.“PERSONALITY IS THE PRODUCT OF HEREDITY AND ENVIRONMENT” EXPLAIN: Ans. The heredity approach argues that the ultimate explanation of an individual’s personality is the molecular structure of the genes. The following classification of characteristics is said to be inherited by all humans: 1. Personality is the sum total of what we are. . attitude. 3. The methods by which an infant is fed and is toilet trained and makes transition from adolescence to adulthood are all culturally determined. Environment is a board term and includes such factors as culture. energy levels and biological rhythms are characteristics that are generally considered to be imported either completely or substantially by one’s parents. 4.

Achievement Orientation: . The following traits need to be developed are: 1. ethics and cultures determine to a very large extent or personality. Although culture has significant influence on personality development. which are significant to managers. They naturally prefer stable and structured work environments. 1. These personality traits are manifested in different behaviors.The cultural sub-groups exert its influence on personality. 2. attitude. because they are transmitted by certain people. parents and others – who are not at all alike in their values and practices and 2. which are governed by clean rules and procedures. Machiavellianism: Machiavellianism. characters. Each individual reacts in his own way to social pressures. Machiavellianism performs better. In jobs that require bargaining skills or where there are substantial rewards for winning. place high moral value systems and are strongly oriented towards conformity to rules and regulations. a term refers to an individual’s propensity to manipulate people. Locus of Control: Locus of control refers to an individual’s belief that events are their within one’s control or are determined by forces beyond ones control. Authoritarianism: Authoritarian tend to be rigid in their positions. differences in behaviour being caused by biological factors WHAT PERSONALITY TRAITS NEED TO BE DEVELOPED BY AN EFFECTIVE MANAGER? Ans. 3. It reflects our views. beliefs. The individual has some experience that is unique. knowledge. Personality is the sum total of what we are. abilities etc. The cultural impacts upon an individual is not uniform. linear relationship cannot be established between personality and given culture for 2 reasons. 4. We act / behave /think in a particular way because values.

They want to overcome obstacles. 6. Managers high in self-monitoring can show considerable adaptability in adjusting their behaviour to external situational factors. Managers should have a very cordial relation with others in the organization and he should build harmonious environment in the organization.e. 4. He should have an excellent rapport with his superiors. 7. An emotionally stable manager has detached involvement towards his work and he is not worried about the consequences of actions i. PORTRAY SOME PERSONALITY TRAITS IN THE INDIAN CONTEXT: .Managers with a high need to achieve continually strive to do things better. but they want to feel their success or failure is due to their actions. his actions are rational. peers as well as his subordinates in the organization. High-esteems are more satisfied with their jobs. They tend to choose uncongenial jobs than those with low self-esteem. The high self-monitor is capable of putting on different “faces” for different audiences. Straightforwardness and simplicity: It refers to an individual’s ability to adjust his or her behavior to external factors. 5. 3. instead of getting evaluated by others he should gain importance by his own views. He should be stable enough i. Risk Taking: High risk taking managers make more rapid decisions and use less information in making their choices. The decisions taken by an emotionally stable managers are rational an anxiety levels are low. Managers should be emotionally stable: 1. 5. 2. Self-Esteem: Managers should have a high self-esteem. People with high self-esteem believe that they have abilities to undertake challenging jobs.e.

Bhagwad Gita has identified different Personality Models / Traits / Behaviors in the Indian context: # Tamasic: Living with the values which are utterly selfish. # Rajasic: Living with tendencies which are extremely passionate and ambitious. more balanced and discrimination based on higher values. 2) Aggressive Personality: Eg: Duryodhana and Dushashan. Vidur & Dhronacharya showed their behaviour during Draupadi Vastraharan. .Ans. dull and meant to satisfy only personal interest. 3) Manipulative personality: Eg: Shakuni. ego-centered motives. # Sattvic: The attitude and motives are selfless. dynamic in nature but centered to fulfilling selfish desires. The western view talks about various personality traits which are found in the Indian context: 1) Passive personality: Eg: Bhisma. 2) Trust: Indians do trust easily and very fast on others. Motives slightly nobler but centered on selfish etc. 4) Assertive Personality: Krishna. The other traits that are found in the Indian context are: 1) Respect The respect for others as well as elders and youngsters can be figured out as a distinct personality trait in the Indian context.

Lord Krishna has advised ARJUNA the man of the world. 4) Straightforwardness and Simplicity: The straightforwardness and simplicity in the life of an Indian can be clearly seen as a special personality train in the Indian context. the seeker of moral perfection. Indians have a sense of high and deep thinking Transformational leadership from the Bhagavat Gita perspective The issues of morality and leadership are discussed drawing parallels from India’s ancient philosophy of the Bhagavat Gita.” Transformational leadership is seen as immoral in the manner that it moves members sacrifice their own life plans for the sake of the organizational needs. war against his own family members. to follow the scriptural injunctions in planning his way of life and by selflessly discharging his duties (as prescribed in the shastras) to reach the level of SATVIKA BUDDHI where he attains the equable state of mind. “I define leadership as leaders including followers to act for certain goals that represent the values and the motivations the wants and needs. although according to social law one should not fight against one’s kith and kin. We acquire the right to judge others when we reach the highest level of spiritual maturity and that is the level at which the moral leaders should operate: that is why sometimes they do not obey social laws. Lord Krishna has advised ARJUNA to follow his SWADHARMA and fight the righteous . the aspirations and expectations of both leaders and followers. EXAMPLE: A social worker and a Gandhiyan leader said that the first definition of leaderships to do with power and influence. . and leaders must always be aware of how the use of power affects others. Analysis of various renowned scholars are put forward and a qualitative survey has also been carried out to ascertain modern views on transformational leadership. SWADHARMA implies that an individual has the obligation to conduct his (her) duties at a level much higher than the social norms. Burns wrote.3) Emotion: Indians are very much emotional in nature and feelings affect them. 5) Perseverance: This is a unique feature of a personality trait found in Indians and along with it.

Such a person attains the state of a perfect sage (STHITAPRAJNA) and for him there is no need of following scriptural injunctions.’ When a STHITAPRAJNA such as Gandhiji speaks. has shown that through unselfish service to the people. Gandhiji was a softtalker. . The spiritual person acts for the social cause and for the common welfare without looking for an iota of material benefit. a perfect sage. he was able to free his mind from desires. a fast walker and never a quitter.GANDHIJI. Gandhiji was able to put away all his desires and focus his mind and soul on the Supreme Reality. everybody listens.

Personality and leadership qualities of . Entrepreneurship v/s Intrapreneur v/s manager Risk taking abilities in entrepreneurship Types of entrepreneurs The growth and future of entrepreneurship Women entrepreneurship Innovation and creativity in entrepreneurship. Role of culture for entrepreneurial opportunities Decision Making.Here's the entrepreneurship Questions Bank for the year 2010 for TYBMS Sem 6 students.

“Ethics. K. & Rao S. Ghosh. (Edt) “Indian Ethos in Management” IPR Cell. Chakraborthy. Oxford Press 2) Rao M. Ltd. “Management Theory” . “Management by Values”. Kanishka Publishers Distributor 3) P.. Indian Ethos and Management”. Shroff Publishers and Distributors Pvt. TePP.entrepreneur Business planning / project formulation and Swot Indian Management Thoughts and Practices1) S. Outreach Centre 4) S. Ratiocination a fresh approach and enthusiasm alongwith a solid skill-set which would enable me to fulfill all the responsibilites assigned . K. Balachandran and others.

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