You are on page 1of 4

c c 

c
c    cc  c c c cccc !c

c
CHAPTER ONE (INTRODUCING HARDWARE)

c cc
cc  c  cc
 
c 
ccc
 
c c
 c  c 
c c   c c 
c   c 
c   c 
c 
c
 ccc c
  c
 ccccc c
 
c  cc 
c
 ccc
c cchardware cc
c c c c cc
c 
 c cc
 
c c 
cc 
 c
 
c c
ccc c

 
c  c  c 
c  c c c c 
  c 
 
c  c  
c c 
c c c
  c 
 
c c c   c c  
c c 
c  c c 
c 
 
c c
 c 
c c 
c  c  c  
c  c
c  c 
 
c c c   c


c 
c   c 

 c  c  c c c 
 c c c
 c 
c
c c 
 c c 
 
c   c c c  c c 
c  
c   c  c

 
c c c
ccccc c  cc
 
c  c
ccc
c  
c c  c  c   c   c 
c c  c c  c 
c c

 c ccc
c c  c  c
 
c
cc  c

cc
c
!
c  c c  c c 
c  c  c c  c c  c c  c c c c


c cc
 c
cc
c cc
c"
cc c
 
cc c
 c  c  c 
c  c 
 c c 
 c 
c c  c  c 
c 
 c c c
 c c  c c 

c c  
c 
 c #

c 
 c c c c  
c
$c  c  
c %$&'(c c c  c c 

c 
 c c c  

c 
c
c c  c  c c   c  
c  c  
c 
 c c c 
 c 
 c c
  c 
c c  ccc
c
c c
 cc
c  c
c
 c
) c *c c !c
 c c  c c
 c 
 c c c cc 
c
c  c c  c 
 c 
  c c )#!c  c motherboardc c c 
 c c c

c 
c 
c c c c c 
c 
c  c 
c c c  c )#! c c
 c c 
c   c c  c  c c  
 c c 
  c  

c 
 c
cc
c& c  c c c

c)#!c'

c
c
c c cc c ccc
c 
 c c
 c!c
ccc
c
"
 c 

c  c 
c 
c  c 
c c c   c
 c  c c 

c 
c  c 
  c  c c  c 
c c 

c c
  cc c  ccc+ c ccc+ ccc
c&cexpansion cardcc
ccc
 c
c
ccc c
 ccc c ccc
c


ccc c ccc
c c,c
cc
cc
 c c  c )#!c c c 
 c   c c c   c  c   
c c  c  c
c c  c
c    cc  c c c cccc !c

c

 c c
c
c cc cc
c 
 c c c
c c
cc
c&)c  c 
 c
 cc)c  c
cccc c c cc c

c c&c  c c
c c
c c
-
c
c cc

c c

c 
c c  c 

c c 
c 
c 
c c c c c  c
% "(c c c 
c 
c c $"'c c 
c 
 c 
 c c 

c
 c
c c
c#) c c c  cc c c

c c

c
c c  c
c    cc  c c c cccc !c

c
CHAPTER TWO (INTRODUCING OPERATIONS SYSTEMS)

c "
c  c c 
c 
 c c 
c  c 
 
c
c
  c
 cc
 c
c
cc

  cc  c c c cccc
 c  c cc
 
c  c Disk operating systemc %"(c c

c
c c cc 'c
c"c c  c./c
c c c c
 
c
 ccc
 c
c
 c%0! ( c  c  c  c c
c  c c  c 
c c  c  c  c c  c  c  c '   c  c
12',c c 
 c 
c  c c  c "c 
c c 0! c Windows NTc c c  c
  c cc c
c c  c3c 
c
c cc  c
3c

cc
 cc  
c cc c c
c  c"cc.4cccc cWindows
2000c c 
 c c  c 3c c 
c  c c 

c 
c  c c c c

  c c  c 
  c  c c  c 
 c   c 
c

c
 c c

 c 
c  
c
cc  c
 c c
c

c Windows XPc c  
 c 
c  c 12',c c  c 4555c c c  c c

c c  c c c 
  c "
 c Windows Vistac c 
 c 
c
 c/#cc cc c
c c ccc  cc c c cc 
c
  c 
c

 c
-
c c   c 

 c Windows 7c c 
 c c


c*c cccc   cc


cc cMAC OSc 
ccc
c

c
cc  c   c c
c

c
 c c  c

c c
c  c   c c  c 
c
c  c Linux c c 
cc !3 /c c c
c  
c 
c 
c  c 
c c c c  c 
c  c c

c
cc
c
 cc  cc ccc
 
c
&c 
c  c c  c c c  c
 c c 
c c  c c 
 c c

 c 
c 
c c 
 
c  c  c  c c c c
  c 
 c c
c 

c c 
 c  c c 
c  c  c
 c
 
cc  c

c c c

c
cc c
c
 ccc  c
  c 
 c c  c c 
 
c c  "c 
 c 
c c  c )#!c 
c
  cc
c cc 
c  c
c
c  c  c  c


c c  "c ) 
 c #
 c !c %)#!(c 
c c 
c c  c .4c cc  c
 c  c 
c &'c c 
 c 67c c c c  c  c 4555c .4c c  c  c /#c
#
  c67c c67ccc
c*c8 c c8 c#
 c c,

 c
c !  c c c  c 
c .4c c 
c 67c c 
c   c  c 
c 
c
 cc c
 
ccc c.4cc
c67cc
 c  c67ccc
c c  c
c    cc  c c c cccc !c

c
.4ccc c67cc
 c
cc.4cc'

c67cc  cc c cc
 c  c  c  c 45552/#2*c  c #)c 
c  c   c c c
-
c
  cc  c
+ ccc 
ccc c c  c  c
c
c
 
 c  c  c c  c   c  c , 

c  c #

  c )
 c
# c  c'
c c 
cc  c8 c