SAFETY OF EQUIPMENT

DIRECTIVE 94/9/EC
23 March ‘94 Implementation date 1 July ‘03

SAFETY OF THE INSTALLATION

EQUIPMENT MARKING
ATEX
0999 II 1 G G : Gas, vapour, mist D : Dust Type of explosive atmosphere (Group II) M1 : energised M2 : de-energised Equipment Category 1 2 3 Equipment Group I : Mining II : Non-Mining E

DIRECTIVE 1999/92/EC

16 December ‘99 Implementation date 1 July ‘03

SCOPE - THE ARTICLES • • • Placing on the market and putting into service Equipment and protective systems for use in potentially explosive atmospheres Conformity assessment procedures

CENELEC/IEC
Ex d IIB T6 -40°C - Tamb - +50°C

SCOPE - THE ARTICLES • • • • Prevention, avoidance, mitigation Assessment of explosion risks Classify into hazardous zones Explosion protection document

EQUIPMENT GROUPS & CATEGORIES - ANNEX 1 ESSENTIAL HEALTH & SAFETY REQUIREMENTS - (EHSR’s) - ANNEX II • • • • • • • Principle of integrated safety Consideration of environment Marking Choice of materials All potential ignition sources Risk caused by software Risk from gas, vapours, mist and dust

Referenced to ambient of -20°C to +40°C unless indicated as above Temperature Class (Group II) Apparatus Group Type of protection Explosion protection symbol Conformity with European Standard

CLASSIFICATION OF PLACES WHERE POTENTIALLY EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES MAY OCCUR - ANNEX I • Hazardous zones - gas, vapours or mist and combustible dusts

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR IMPROVING SAFETY & HEALTH - ANNEX II • • Training, working procedures Criteria for selection of equipment and protective systems

EU Explosive Atmosphere Symbol Identification number of Notified Body responsible for surveillance

WARNING SIGN WHERE EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES MAY OCCUR - ANNEX III UK IMPLEMENTATION Dangerous Substances & Explosive Atmosphere Regulation 2002. Health & Safety Executive. (www.hse.gov.uk/spd/dsear.htm) Your country implementation...............................................................

UK IMPLEMENTATION Statutory Instrument SI 1996. No 192, SI 2001. No 3677 Department of Trade and Industry (www.dti.gov.uk/strd/atex.htm) Your country implementation....................................................................

CE mark

For further explanation of gas, temperature, area classification and the various types of electrical protection please refer to MTL Flammable Facts Poster

SURFACE INDUSTRY (II)
CE MARK CONFIRMS COMPLIANCE WITH ALL RELEVANT DIRECTIVES SUCH AS:

EQUIPMENT CATEGORY & INTENDED USE
Level of protection Area classification
Zone 0 (gas) Zone 20 (dust) Zone 1 (gas) Zone 21 (dust) Zone 2 (gas) Zone 22 (dust)

EXAMPLES OF BODIES NOTIFIED UNDER
DIRECTIVE 94/9/EC

Equipment category
II 1G D 2G D 3G D

‘SIMPLE APPARATUS’ & THE ATEX DIRECTIVES
Simple apparatus has been in use as a valuable part of intrinsically safe systems for many years. It was necessary to reassess the use of this apparatus with the introduction of the two ATEX directives. The following has been agreed at EU level; “Simple apparatus is considered not to require certification by a notified body. The responsibility for compliance with the relevant parts of the standard rests with the persons claiming compliance. Certification to the ATEX Directive is not required because of the low levels of energy, which are added to the intrinsically safe circuit by this apparatus. Simple apparatus is required to be clearly identified when it is installed.” Fieldbus intrinsically safe concept FISCO is detailed in MTL Application Note AN9026. Within this document Appendix I and II details ‘Simple Apparatus’. Fieldbus systems for use in Zone 2/Division 2 are described in MTL Application Note AN9027 Fieldbus Non-Incendive Concept (FNICO).
Measurement Technology products are manufactured under a quality system in accordance with BS EN ISO 9001:2000

THE NEW APPROACH
To gain a better understanding of directives based on the New Approach to technical harmonisation and Global Approach to conformity assessment e.g. ATEX, Pressure Equipment, Machinery directives, refer to the European Commissions Guide available to order or download from:
http://europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/new approach /legislation/guide/legislation.htm

Low Voltage Directive 73/23 EEC
modified by 93/68/EEC

Oganisation
Baseefa (2001) Ltd DMT GmbH KEMA Quality BV LCIE PTB TÜV Product Service GmbH

Identification No
II
1180 0158 0344 0081 0102 0123

Electro Magnetic Compatibility Directive 89/336/EEC

II

modified by 92/31/EEC & 93/68/EEC

{ { {

Two independent faults (ia) or Two types of protection One fault (ib) or One type of protection Safe in normal operation (n)

Machinery Directive 89/392/EEC amended 98/37/EC ATEX or parallel Flammable Atmospheres Directive

Mining industries (I) has categories M1 and M2

Full list can be found on: http://europa.eu.int/com/enterprise/atex/nb/nblist.htm

CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
Equipment category 1 2 Electrical 2 Non-electrical 3 Annex of 100a Directive

FUNCTIONAL SAFETY
IEC 61508
Instrumented safety systems are widely used in industrial process plants where there is threat to life or environment should something go wrong. The IEC 61508 standard ‘Functional safety of electrical/electronic/programmable electronic safety-related systems’ is now gaining broad acceptance by manufacturers and users designing products and systems for safety related applications. The MTL Application Note AN9025 provides an introduction to the subject.

ATEX GUIDELINES FIRST EDITION
Guidelines on the application of European Parliament and Council Directive 94/9/EC of 23 March 1994 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres.
Visit: http://europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/atex/index.htm

COMPLIANCE
Compliance with the ATEX Directive 94/9/EC can be demonstrated by using the Harmonised European Standards. Reference to these standards relating to the various methods of electrical protection can be found on the MTL Flammable Facts poster or the EU ATEX website listed below.

CERTIFICATION PHASE
Certification by notified body Certification by manufacturer Unit verification by notified body

3

3

3
UNIVERSAL OPTION

3

III VIII IX

SURVEILLANCE
QA of production by notified body QA of product by notified body QA by manufacturer
NOTE. Internal combustion engines are electrical equipment Unit verification is normally used for special small quantity apparatus

3

3

IV

3

3

VII VIII

Baseefa (2001) Ltd
QUALITY ASSURANCE NOTIFICATION
Measurement Technology Ltd Baseefa ATEX 0703

All MTL products are manufactured under a quality control system satisfying the ATEX Directive

enquiry@mtl-inst.com

www.mtl-inst.com

The MTL Instruments Group plc
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For technical advice or further information call:

European (ATEX) Directive www.europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/atex/index.htm European (CENELEC) standards www.cenelec.org International (IEC) standards www.iec.ch

China
T. +86 010 8562 5718 F. +86 010 8562 5725

India
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UK
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