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COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
SUB.CODE/NAME: ME1352-DESIGN OF TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS YEAR/SEM: III/VI
UNIT- I (DESIGN OF TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR FLEXIBLE ELEMENTS) PART- A (2 Marks)
1. Give the relationship of ratio of tensions in a V-belt drive. 2. Define maximum tension in a belt. 3. What is the effect of centre distance and diameter of pulley on the life of belts? 4. What are the various losses in the power transmission by belts? 5. In what way the timing belt is superior to ordinary belt? 6. Why V belts are preferred than flat belts? 7. Define creep in belts. 8. What is the advantage of V belt over flat belt? 9. Define slip. 10. Distinguish regular lay and long lay ropes. 11. Give some application of wire ropes. 12. In what way silent chain is better than ordinary driving chain? 13. What do you understand by simplex, duplex and triplex chain? 14 .Explain the chordal action of chain drive. 15. Explain the term “Crowning of Pulley”.
UNIT- I (DESIGN OF TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR FLEXIBLE ELEMENTS)
PART-B (16 Marks) 1. A workshop crane is lifting a load of 25kN through a wire rope and a hook. Te weight of the hook etc is 15kN. The rope drum diameter may be taken as 30 times the diameter of the rope. The load is to be lifted with an acceleration of 1 m/s2 Calculate the diameter of the wire rope. Take a factor of safety of 6 and Young’s modulus for the wire rope 80 kN/mm2 The ultimate stress may be taken as 1800 MPa. The cross-sectional area of the Kings College of Engineering
N2 = 300 rpm and power. The minimum centre distance is 500 mm. while the driven pulley runs at 375 rpm.ME1352. the compressor speed being 350 rpm.5 kW. 5. center distance C=925 mm. Minimum centre distance should be 500 mm.DESIGN OF TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS wire rope may be taken as 0. d=150 mm. the distance of the centre from the nearest bearing being 200 mm The coefficient of friction between belt and pulley rim is 0. 2 . Kings College of Engineering .Two shafts whose centers are 1 meter apart are connected by a V-belt drive. The material of the belt has density of 1100 kg/ mm3 The driven pulley is overhung. Estimate the number of belts required. D= 500 mm. . Determine. Design a chain drive to actuate a compressor from a 12 kW electric motor at 900 rpm. speed N1 = 1000 rpm. Design a chain drive to actuate a compressor from 15kW electric motor running at 1. the compressor begins 250 rpm. P = 7. A V-belt drive is to transmit 15kW to a compressor. The motor runs at 1150 rpm and the compressor is to run at 400 rpm. The compressor is to work 8 hour/day. The angle of groove on the pulleys is 40° .38 times the square of the wire rope diameter. . 4. The chain tension may be adjusted by shifting the motor 6. Driven pulley diameter. it runs at 1000 rpm. (i) Belt specifications (ii) Number of belts (iii) Correct centre distance and (iv) Drive pulley diameter. The driving pulley is supplied with 95 kW power and has an effective diameter of 300mm. Design a V-belt drive and calculate the actual belt tension and average stress for the following data. driver pulley diameter. the chain tension may be adjusted by shifting the motor on rails.000 rpm. Permissible tension in 400 mm2cross– sectional area belt is 2.1 MPa.28. 3. the compressor operates 15 hours per day.
A (2 Marks) 1 Why is a gear tooth subjected to dynamic loading? 2. UNIT. is 10kN. State some materials used for gear materials. The weight of the hook etc. What is virtual number of teeth? 11. Design a chain drive.DESIGN OF TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS 7) A crane is lifting a load of 18 KN through a wire rope and a hook. 3.8 x 105N/mmThe ultimate stress may be taken as 1800 N/mm.38 times the square of the wire rope diameter. What is interference in involutes profile? 6. The centrifugal pump is located at 700 mm form the motor. . 12. What are the conditions required for interchangeability? Kings College of Engineering . 8.The cross-sectional area of the wire rope may be taken as 0. The rope diameter may be taken as 30 times the diameter of the rope. Take a factor of safety of 6 and Young’s modulus for the wire rope 0. . 9.II (SPUR GEAR AND PARALLEL AXIS HELICAL GEAR) PART. What is Herringbone gear? State its application. The load is to be lifted with an acceleration of 1m/sec2 Calculate the diameter of the wire rope. What is working depth of a gear-tooth? 10. What are the forms of gear tooth profile? 13.A 15 kW squirrel cage motor. Why the crossed helical gear drive not used for power transmission 4. State the advantage of herringbone gear 5. How many number of teeth affects the design of gears? 7 What are the advantages of the helical gear over spur gear? 8. 14. Define the term back lash. Differentiate the following terms with respect to helical gears: (a) Transverse circular pitch (b) Normal circular pitch and (c) Axial pitch.ME1352. 1250 rpm is driving a centrifugal pump at 550 rpm.
Assume starting torque to be 25% higher than the running torque.II (SPUR GEAR AND PARALLEL AXIS HELICAL GEAR) PART-B (16 Marks) 1.Speed reduction ratio=5. The gears are overhanging in their shafts. The teeth are 20° involutes with 25 teeth on the pinion. 6. Both the pinion and gear are made of C45 steel. Design the gears. A helical gear with 30 ° helix angle has to transmit 35kW at 1500 rpm. Assume 15Ni2Cr1Mo15 material for both pinion and wheel. determine the necessary module.5. A motor shaft rotating at 1500 rpm has to transmit 15kW to a low speed shaft with a speed reduction of 3:1.ME1352. If the pinion has 24 teeth. The input shaft rotates at 2000 rpm. assuming a life f 10.000 hours. 4.The gears are to have 20° pressure angles. A pair of helical gears subjected to moderate shock loading is to transmit 37. Motor speed = 1440 rpm.8 kW. The pinion speed is 720 rpm and the speed ratio is 2.25 and the helix angle is 15° The service is continuous and the teeth are 20° FD in the normal plane. Design a pair of helical gears to transmit 30kW power at a speed reduction ratio of 4:1. 2. Kings College of Engineering .5kW at 1750 rpm of the pinion. An electric motor is to be connected to a reciprocating pump through a gear pair.DESIGN OF TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS UNIT. 5. Both the gears are made of the same surface hardened carbon steel with 55RC and core hardness less than 350 BHN. 3. pitch diameter and face width for 20° full depths the teeth. Ultimate strength is 720 N/mm2 and yield strength is 360 N/ mm2 . The number of teeth on the pinion may be taken as 30. Motor power = 36. Also sketch the spur gear drive. The speed reduction ratio is 4. With a speed reduction ratio 2. Design a spur gear drive to suit the above conditions and check for compressive and bending stresses and plastic deformations. Take helix and pressure angles equal to 25° and 20° respectively. Design a straight spur gear drive to transmit 8 kW. Design a spur gear drive. .
Both the pinion and gear are made of heat treated cast iron grade 35.A (2 Marks) 1. State true or false and justify. What are the materials commonly used for worm gears? 11. design the gear drive. List out the main types of failure in worm gears. The pinion has 30 teeth. “Miter gears are used for connecting non-intersecting shafts” 4. What are forces acting on bevel gears? 14.DESIGN OF TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS 7. What is zero bevel gear? 5 Define the following terms: (a) Cone distance (b) Face angle 6. In which gear drive. What is a crown gear? 15. 1200 rpm motor through a14½° full depth spur gears . and the driven gear is to be of cast iron. WORM AND CROSS HELICAL GEAR) PART. Where do we use worm gears? UNIT. Determine the cone distance.III (BEVEL. State the use of bevel gears. What are the various losses in worm gear? 13. Why is multistart worm more efficient than the single start one? 2. A compressor running at 300 rpm is driven by a15 Kw. Assuming medium shock condition. average module and face width of the gears. 8. How can you specify a pair of worm gear? 10. UNIT. What factors influence backlash in gear drives? 3. 12. The pressure angle of the teeth is 20°.ME1352. self-locking is available? 7. A kW motor running at 1200 rpm drives a compressor at 780 rpm through a 90° bevel gearing arrangement. Kings College of Engineering .III (BEVEL. WORM AND CROSS HELICAL GEAR) PART-B (16 Marks) 1.The centre distance is 375 mm .The motor pinion is to be of C30 forged steel hardened and tempered. What is irreversibility in worm gears? 9.
The worm is of quadruple start with 50mm as pitch circle diameter. 25 degree pressure angle pinion ahs 15 teeth of pitch circle diameter. and gear forces if the. and power lost in friction 4. The velocity ratio should be about 3 and the pinion should have about 20 teeth which are full depth 20° involutes. Find the module. Design a worm gear drive with a standard centre distance to transmit 7. Design a pair of bevel gears for two shafts whose axes are at right angles. The face width is 50mm. The temperature rise should be restricted to 40° C. The pinion rotates at 240 rev/min. diameter of the gears and pitch core angle for both gears. The worm gear has 40 teeth with 5mm module. An efficiency of at least 85% is desired. determine (i) the tangential force at the Mean radius (ii) the pinion thrust force (iii) the gear thrust force. Design a worm gear drive to transmit 22. 4. 5. 8. Design the teeth of a pair of bevel gears to transmit 18. A pair of straight tooth bevel gears has a velocity ratio of 4/3. and (ii) centre distance.75 kW at 600 rpm of the pinion. The pitch diameter of the pinion is 150 mm. (ii) velocity ratio. The pressure angle in the diametral plane is 20° Determine (i) the lead angle of the worm. Kings College of Engineering . Also. 7. 3.5 kW from a warm rotating at 1440 rpm to a warm wheel at 20 rpm. A 2 kW power is applied to a worm shaft at 720 rpm. pitch diameter. face width. The speed of the pinion is 300 rpm and the gear is 120 rpm. Determine the pitch cone angle. and the transmitted power is 8 HP at 550 pinion rpm.ME1352. If 6 kW is transmitted. The power transmitted is 25kW. Draw the free body diagrams indicating the forces. Determine the required cooling area . The worm is of quadruple start type with 50mm as pitch circle diameter. A 90° degree straight bevel gear set is needed to give a 3:1 reduction.5 kW at a worm speed of 1440 rpm. The teeth are 5mm module. Velocity ratio is 24:1. 14 1° involutes. 6.DESIGN OF TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS 2. calculate efficiency of the worm gear drive.
Construct speed diagram of the gear box and obtain various reduction ratios. 6. State any three basic rules followed in designing a gear box. material for wheel is cast iron.25kW with a transmission ratio of 20. 4. Drove speed is 1440 rpm. (DESIGN OF GEAR BOXES) PART-B (16 Marks) 1. The speed of the hardened steel worm is 1500 rpm. 9. drive is non-reversible. The drive should have a minimum efficiency of 80% and above. What are preferred numbers? 8. Sketch the kinematics layout of gears for 3 speeds between two shafts. What is the function of spacers in a gear – box? 2. The worm wheel is to be made of bronze. A speed reducer wait is to be designed for an input of 11. driving shaft speed = 200 r.ME1352. What situation demands the use of gear box? 10. What is backlash in gears? 3. material for pinion is steel.IV (DESIGN OF GEAR BOXES) PART.A (2 Marks) 1.DESIGN OF TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS 9. UNIT.m.p.p. State the advantage of gear box. The worm speed is 1440 r. List six standard speeds starting from 18 rpm with a step ratio 1. What does the ray diagram of a gear box indicates? 7.4. 5. Sketch the arrangements of a six speed gear box. List any two methods used for changing speeds in gear box. The minimum and maximum speeds required are around 460 and 1400 rpm. 10 Design a bevel gear drive to transmit 3. Use standard output speeds Kings College of Engineering . 11Design a worm gear drive to transmit a power of 22. and life 25000 hours. and the speed of the wheel is 60 rpm. The tooth form is to be 20in volute.5 kW. Select suitable materials for worm and wheel and decide upon the dimensions of the drive..m.5 kW with the following specifications: speed ratio = 4.
Design the layout of a 12 speed gear box for a milling machine having an output of speeds ranging from 180 to 2000 rpm.m.A six speed gear box is required to provide output speeds in the range of 125 to 400 r. Power is applied to the gear box from a 6 kW induction motor at 1440 rpm. What is the step ratio and what are the values of 9 speeds? Sketch the arrangement. Sketch also the speed diagram. 4. Determine the length of the gear box along the axis of the gear shaft.m. In a milling machine. The gear box receives 3.Assume any alloy steel for the gear. The maximum and minimum speeds required at the gear box output are 1000 r.p.25 and transmit a power of 5 kW at 710 r. 2. Kings College of Engineering . Suitable speed reduction can also be provided in the belt drive.m.Design a nine-speed gear box for a machine to provide speed ranging from 100 to 1500rpm. Design a three stage gear box with a standard step ratio. The gear box is connected to the motor by a belt drive. Decide upon the various reduction ratios and number of teeth on each gear wheel sketch the arrangement of the gear box 3. 18 different speeds in the range of 35 rpm and 650 rpm are required.The input is from a motor of 5KW at 1440rpm.ME1352.6 kW from an electric motor running at 1.m.m. and 200 r.DESIGN OF TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS and standard step ratio. Obtain the number of teeth on each gear and also the actual output speeds. Determine the number of teeth module and face width of all gears. 5 . Choose standard step ratio and construct the speed diagram. respectively. Sketch the layout of the gear box.A machine tool gear box is to have 9 speeds. Draw the speed diagram and kinematics diagram. 6 .440 rpm.p.p. assuming suitable materials for the gears. Calculate number of teeth in each gear and verify whether the actual output speeds are within + 2% of standard speeds. indicating the number of teeth n each gear. The gear box is driven by an electric motor whose shaft rotational speed is 1400 r. with a step ratio of 1.p.p.
CLUTH AND BRAKES) PART-B (16 Marks) 1 A multi-disk clutch consists of five steel plates and four bronze plates. How the thrust of the follower can be reduced? UNIT. 7 What are the effects of temperature rise in clutches? 8 What is the significance of pressure angle in cam design? 9. 10.V (DESIGN OF CAM. CLUTH AND BRAKES) PART.A (2 Marks) 1 State the advantage of cam over other reciprocating mechanisms. 2 How the “uniform rate of wear” assumption is valid for clutches? 3. What is jerk? 13. The coefficient of friction is 0.3 N/mm2 Assuming the uniform Kings College of Engineering .ME1352.1 and the intensity of pressure is limited to 0. What is the function of a clutch? 11. What is undercutting in cams? 12. What is the function of a cam? 14. What are the different types of followers? 15.V (DESIGN OF CAM. Why should the temperature rise be kept within the permissible range in clutch? 4 What is meant by a self -energizing brake? 5 What are the desirable properties of friction material to be used for clutches? 6 Sketch a cone clutch. .DESIGN OF TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS UNIT. The inner and outer diameters of friction disks are 75mm and 150mm respectively. Name four materials used for lining of friction surfaces in clutches.
DESIGN OF TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS wear theory. and (ii) the torque-absorbing capacity of the brake. A single plate clutch.15 4. the energy dissipated during the clutch slip and the energy supplied to the machine during engagement. velocity time and the acceleration time curves for the follower in order to satisfy the following conditions (1) Stroke of the follower 25mm (2) Outstroke takes place with SHM during 90° of cam rotation (3) Return stroke takes with SHM during 75° of cam rotation (4) Cam rotates with a uniform speed of 800 rpm 6. and (ii) power transmitting capacity at 750 rpm. 3. Check whether undercutting will occur.32. calculate (i) the required operating force.Also calculate the force required to engage the clutch. A radial cam rotates at 1200 rpm with the follower rising 20mm with SHM in1500of the cam rotation . Kings College of Engineering .The roller is 32mm in diameter and the prime circle is 80mm in diameter. Also determine the power transmitted by the clutch. both side being effective is required to connect a machine shaft to a driver shaft which runs at 500rpm . determine the time taken for the machine to reach full speed when the clutch is suddenly engaged. Draw the displace time. Find the dimensions of the contact surface to transmit 22Kw at 2000 rpm .The coefficient of friction is 0. 2 An automotive type internal-expanding double-shoe brake is shown in figure 15b.1N/mm2 and µ =0.The inner and the outer radii of the friction discs are 50mm&100mm respectively . Calculate (i) the actuating force P. A leather faced conical clutch has cone angle of 30°.Assuming uniform pressure of 0.The pressure between the contact surfaces is limited to 0.25.ME1352. 5. Take µ =0. The angle φ1 can be assumed to be zero.The moment of inertia of the rotating parts of the machine is 1Kgm2.35N/mm2 and the breath of the conical surface is not to exceed 1/3 of the mean radius. The face width of the friction lining is 40 mm and the intensity of normal pressure is limited to1 N/mm2 .
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