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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A solar oven or solar cooker is a device which uses sunlight as its energy source. Because they use no fuel and they cost nothing to run, humanitarian organizations are promoting their use worldwide to help slow deforestation and desertification, caused by using wood as fuel for cooking. Solar cookers are a form of outdoor cooking, and are often used in situations where minimum fuel consumption or fire risk are considered highly important.
■ 1 Types ■ 1.1 Box cookers ■ 1.2 Panel cookers ■ 1.3 Solar kettles ■ 1.4 Parabolic cookers ■ 1.5 Hybrid cookers ■ ■ ■ ■ 2 Using a solar cooker 3 Advantages 4 Disadvantages 5 Solar cooking projects ■ 5.1 Bakeries in Lesotho ■ 5.2 Darfur refugee camps ■ 5.3 Indian solar cooker village ■ 5.4 Gaza
In Ghana, Zouzugu villagers like this woman prevent dracunculiasis and other waterborne diseases by pasteurizing water in a CooKit solar cooker.
■ 6 See also ■ 7 References ■ 8 External links
There are a variety of types of solar cookers: over 65 major designs and hundreds of variations of them. The basic principles of all solar cookers are: ■ Concentrating sunlight: Some device, usually a mirror or some type of reflective metal, is used to concentrate light and heat from the sun into a small cooking area, making the energy more concentrated and therefore more potent. ■ Converting light to heat: Any black on the inside of a solar cooker, as well as certain materials for pots, will improve the effectiveness of turning light into heat. A black pan will absorb almost all