Definitions of 'Biocontrol

'
the control of pests by interference with their ecological status, as by introducing a natural enemy or a pathogen into the environment

Pseudomonas for biocontrol of phytopathogens: from functional genomics to commercial exploitation.
Abstract

Pseudomonas spp. that can colonise the roots of crop plants and produce antifungal metabolites represent a real alternative to the application of chemical fungicides. Presently, much research is aimed at understanding, at the molecular level, the mechanisms that enable Pseudomonas strains to act as efficient biological control agents. This approach is facilitating the development of novel strains with modified traits for enhanced biocontrol efficacy. However, without solving some inherent problems associated with the effective delivery of microbial inoculants to seeds and without knowledge on the biosafety aspects of novel biocontrol agents, the commercial potential of Pseudomonas spp. for plant disease control will not be realised.

ADVANTAGES

the most important advantage to the use of biological control is that it typically offers longer term management than the more traditional technology areas. longer term control is achieved because biocontrol agents act as if a host specific control method is continualy present and impacting the target plant. for example, once an agent is released and well established, insect population levels cycle proportionately with the population of the plant. that is when plant population levels are high, there will be a corresponding increase in the population levels of the biocontrol gents. when plant levels decrease, there is a corresponding decrease in the numbers

of the biocontrol agents persist and continually exert controlling or regulatory pressure on the target plant. another advantage is that the cost for control is typically lower to relative to more traditional control procedures. typically, biocontrol agents are relesed in relatively low numbers for only a short time in the beginning of the program unlike more traditional methods of control which are used continually over many years. after the releases are discontinued, the agent population increases, if successful and begings to damage the target population. only in rare circumstances are the agents released continually. a lower cost for control is the result, because the initial cost of introduction, release and establishment is offset by the value of achieving and maintaining control for many years after the initial release of the organisms, i.e: beefits accrae over many years. selectivity,it does not intestify o create new pest problems. no manufacturing of new chemicals, the organisms are already available. control organisms will increase in number and spread. the pest is unable ( or very slow) to develop a resistance. control is self perpetuating. free of side effects safe to handle or use occurs naturally high degree of host specificity cost effective self perpetuation searching ability survive of low host density pesicides which are harmful to all parts of the food chain, are not needed. biological control is self- perpetuating suitable biological control organisms do not attack other species usually a large proportion of the post population is destroyed.

DISADVANTAGES

control is slow i will not exterminate the pest it is often unpredictable it is difficult and expensive to develop and supply it requires expert supervision slow to achieve results impact often not dramatic partial success can be complex disruption of food chains the need for environmentally unfriendly follow up operations to ensure that the populations does not build up resistance to the biological control agent. -----------adv: more natural control, no bioaccululation disad: the control species might eat other organism in that environment

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful