1. INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. GENERAL STEEL STRUCTURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. STRUCTURAL CONNECTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5. SPECIALIZED STRUCTURAL DESIGN GUIDES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. FIRE RESISTANCE DESIGN AIDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. ARCHITECTURAL AND DOMESTIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. FABRICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. COMPOSITE CONSTRUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11. COMPOSITE DESIGN SOFTWARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12. SOFTWARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13. STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS SOFTWARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14. MEMBER / JOINT DESIGN CHECKING SOFTWARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15. COSTING SOFTWARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16. STRUCTURAL MODELING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17. PURLINS AND GIRTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18. CIDECT PUBLICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19. MATERIAL & PRODUCT CATALOGUES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20. AS/NZS STANDARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21. HERA STRUCTURAL PUBLICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22. STEEL CONSTRUCTION JOURNALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23. WEBSITES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 4 7 8 10 13 15 16 17 18 22 22 23 25 26 27 29 30 33 34 36 37 42

Please note that a number of the publications contained in this summary were the result of research and developmentcarried outby BHPand the printed form may display the BHP logo. With the spin off of Onesteel and subsequent BHP restructuring, itislikely thatprinted bookletswith the BHP logo may no longer be available. It is to be hoped thatthe resultsof the valuable work will still be available in alternate forms in the future.



An Overview of Design Aids for Structural Steelwork
Peter Kneen National Manager Technology Australian Institute of Steel Construction



The Australian Institute of Steel Construction was formed in 1967 and is Australia’s premier technical marketingorganizationrepresenting companiesand individuals involved in steel manufacture, fabrication, design, detailing and construction. Its mission is to promote the efficient and economical use of structural steel in the construction industry. Part of its work is to conduct technical seminars, educational lectures and to publish and market technical design aids. The AISC is also actively involved with Standards Australia on numerouscode committeesin areasthat impacton steelstructures. The engineering designof steel structures is driven by the appropriate design code of the day. We have witnessed the transition from a permissible or working stress design code to the current limit states code AS 4100. Many of the earlier AISC’s publications were published to assist consultants and industry understand and utilize the new code requirements. The AISC publications are availablebypurchasing throughthe AISCBookshop at a considerable discount to AISC members. The AISC maintains a comprehensive library at its head office and thisresource isoften used to respond to technical enquiries by its members. AISC members are encouraged to visit the library. The AISChasbeen supported in partbymembership duesbutsignificantly by generous sustaining grants from BHPand more recently both BHPandOneSteel along with Ajax Fasteners, Bisalloy Steels, Palmer Tube Mills and Fielders Steel Roofing. These organizations have also published design related material, some of which is available through the AISC.Whereappropriate, theAISCpublicationcode is given. In this paper, the various publications of the AISC and its sustaining members have been grouped as follows: ! General steel structures ! Design capacity Tables ! Structural connections ! Specialized structural design guides ! Fire Engineering

! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

Architectural and domestic Fabrication and General references Composite construction Purlins and Girts Composite Software Commercial software CIDECT publications Technical papers in Steel Construction Australian and New Zealand Standards Websites

This paper is a snapshot at this point in time of the main local design aids. This work will be placed on the AISC website with a view to maintaining an up to date reference source for itsmembers. The writer apologizes for any omissions from this paper but would be pleased to receive factual product descriptions so that the future web version of this publication can be maintained. There has been a significant trend over the past two years for major companies to turn to the internetfor storing valuable product and design related data. Several companies such as BHP, OneSteel, Ajax, Palmer Tube Mills, The Graham Group and Industrial Light Beams to produce CDROMS with design aids and “printed” documentation included. Most design aids available on CDROM are in the form of spreadsheets compatible with Microsoft Excel. Existing books are being puton CDin a form that preserves the original formatting. The most common method is to use PDF (Portable Document Format) files. The PDF files can be viewed on any computer (eg PC, Mac, Unix) using the Adobe Acrobat Reader which is normally included on the CD, or can be downloaded from the web. The reader can be used to navigate through the documentsusing pre- established bookmarks, or by searching. Pages can also be printed. It is likely that all future books will be at least available electronically and the AISC is gradually moving in that direction as well. Other software design aids may be more complex than a spreadsheet and are available as a licensed package.



2. 2.1.

GENERAL STEEL STRUCTURES Economical Structural Steelwork 4th edition 1997
AISC 81 Pages This publication aims to supply the necessary information on the components thatmake up the cost of fabricated steel.

The textincludesageneralsectionon computeraided drafting butisbasicallywritten fromthe viewpointof traditional manual drafting. The reader is assumed not to be an engineer and some engineering fundamentals are included to help in understanding the procedures. Contents: 1) Introduction; 2) Structural Steel; 3) Drafting Equipment and Drafting Practices; 4) Arrangementand DetailDrawings;5)Fundamentals of StructuralEngineering;6) Bolting;7) Welding;8) Standardised Structural Connections;9) Beamsand Girders;10) Columns;11) Trusses;12) Bracing;13) Purlins, Girts and Eaves Struts; 14) Portal Frames; 15) Stairways; 16) Detailing for Economy; 17) References; Appendix A - Fabrication of structural steelwork; Appendix B - Sample project drawings.



It also shows how the decisions made at the design stage can influence these costs. It is not a design manual but rather a guide that considersfrom a cost point of view all the matters that a structural steel designer should consider by taking into account current fabrication practices and material/labour relationships in the steel industry. The fourth edition has substantially adopted the rationalised approach to the costing of fabricating steel by using a cost per metre for sections and cost per square metre for platesdepending on the size, in lieu of the cost per tonne method. Adherence to the principles outlined in this publication will do much to assist designers in reaching decisions that will lead to effective and economic structures. Contents:1) Preliminary Considerations;2) General Factors Affecting Economy; 3) Framing Concepts and Connection Types; 4) Industrial Building; 5) Commercial Buildings; 6) Bolting; 7) Welding; 8) Detailing for Economy; 9) References & Further Reading; 10) Standards, Index.


The Behaviour & Design of Steel Structures to AS4100
3rd edition 1998 N.S. Trahair and M.A. Bradford 455 Pages




Australian Steel Detailers’ Handbook
AISC Code 430 AISC First Edition, Second Printing 2001 The purpose of thisHandbook is to provide sufficient information for a trainee structural steel detailer to learn the fundamentals of how to detail most members and connections in a simple steelframed building.

This reference book will prove to be invaluable for practicing structural engineers and undergraduate/ graduate engineering studentsinvolved instructural steelrelated subjects. Topicspresented include:loads on structures;materialpropertiesof structuralsteels; behaviour of members subject to tension, compression,in- planebendingandtorsion;in- plane behaviour; lateral buckling; biaxial bending of members subject to both transverse and axialloads; rigid- jointed frames; and the behaviour of connections. The updated third edition provides an excellent background to understanding the behaviour of steel structures and the relationship to the design provisions of AS 4100- 1990. Previous editions of thepublicationhad alsoincorporated informationon the relevant British and American Standards which have nowbeen replaced with further material on the Australian designStandard. Thiswillprovidegreater clarity and further helpful material. Worked and unworked (ie solutions only) examples are provided and a comprehensive subject index is included.



Contents: 1) Introduction; 2) Tension Members; 3) Compression Members; 4) Local Buckling of Thin Plate Elements; 5) In- plane Bending of Beams; 6) Lateral Buckling of Beams; 7) Beam- columns; 8) Frames; 9) Connections; 10) Torsion Members; Index.


Steel Designers’ Handbook 6th edition 1996
Gorenc B., Tinyou R., Syam A. Published by University of New South Wales Press 334 Pages


Worked Examples for Steel Structures 3rd edition 1997
Bradford M.A., Bridge R.Q., Trahair N.S. 88 Pages





The first two editions of Worked Examples to AS 4100 have established it as a fundamental teaching tool for both students and designers of steel structures. Thisthird edition retainsthe same format and content of the last edition updated for current steel grades and Standards. Worked Examples is written by prominent members of the Standards Australia committee which prepared AS 4100 and provides an extensive series of worked examples whichdemonstratetheapplicationofthe memberand the connector design rules. Each example makes reference to relevantAS4100 clause numbers, other publications where appropriate, cross references to other worked examples in the publication, and inclusion of data from the AISC Design Capacity Tables for Structural Steel, 2nd edition, Volume 1 Open Sections to showthe typicalapplication of the tables to steel design. The newedition incorporatesAmendments1,2 and3 to AS 4100 as well as changesto the base steelgrade of OneSteel, formerly BHP, hot- rolled steelsections to a base Grade 300. Worked Examples for Steel Structures will continue to be a current and comprehensive teaching tool for the limit states design of steel structures to AS 4100, and will continue to assist both designers and students alike. Contents: 1) Introduction; 2) Materials; 3) General Design Requirements; 4) Methods of Structural Analysis; 5) Members Subject to Bending; 6) Members subjects to Compression; 7) Members subjectto Tension;8) Memberssubjectto Combined Actions; 9) Connectors; References.

The Previous five editions of the publication have generally been considered a valuable and practical text on the permissible stress design of steel structures. The sixth edition sees a major revision in design philosophy to embrace the limit statesdesign method of Australian Standard AS 4100- 1990. The publication continues the theme of providing a practical insight to the theoretical background, Standard requirementsand techniquesfor thedesign of structural elements for a wide range of steel structures - in this instance to AS 4100. Significant coverage isgiven to member and connection design to Section 4 to 9 of AS 4100 with also some consideration given to the other limit states of the Standard. A large range of numerical examplesand illustrations are included to assist the student and practising engineer. Contents: 1) Introduction; 2) Material & Design Requirements; 3) Design Loads; 4) Structural Analysis; 5) Beams & Girders; 6) Compression Members; 7) Tension Members; 8) Connections;9) Plastic Design; 10) Structural Framing;APPENDIX


Design of Portal Frame Buildings
S Woolcock, S Kitipornchai, M Bradford. 3rd Edition 1999 320 Pages



In the Australian context, thispublication isregarded asone of the mostpracticalpublicationson thedesign of steel portal framed buildings. The genesis of this



purlin/girt systems.technicalpaper presentedin October 1985 which considered some grey areason the topic. section size. 5) Analysis.preliminary selection of Universal Beams (grade 250) andWelded Beams(grade 300)for columnsand raftersof pinned base steelportalframes. connections. from AS 1538 to AS/NZS 4600) reference to. Grummitt AISC Code 190 ! ! ! ! This publication will be a useful design aid for structuralengineersand studentsalike. Through an evolving process. changes in roof wind loads in Amendment No. primary structure .e. Portal Frame Design Charts 1st edition 1991 111 Pages S.weight bending and axialcompression). ! STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2.ground for . S.2 to AS 1170 reflecting on the change in the design code for cold. This wasthen followed by the publication ofadesignhandbookon steelportalframedbuildings initially based on a permissible stress design approach and subsequently three limit statesdesign editions were published. the third edition considers all aspects of the design of portal framed buildings . L. It assistssteel designers in arriving at a cost.7. the recently released third edition hasbeen completely rewritten to reflect changes that have occurred in the industry as wellas in associated Standards and design aids. The bookis notintended for use in finaldesign butrather tostudy the effectof variationsin frame spacing. and use of. 6) Procedure for Using Design Charts.g.on.effective structural solution to satisfy functionalrequirementsfor portal frame buildings. cladding. load evaluation. 4) Strength and Serviceability Limit States.rafter. Contents: 1) Introduction. a substantial worked example is developed through publication. which account for the effect of self. Blinco. 3) Loading. 2) Portal Frame Parameters. structural analysis. A proforma portal frame design sheet is supplied in table format. rafter pitch and haunching of the rafter and for rapidly checking existing designs. the recently released limit states purlin and girt design tables from Lysaght and Stramit a new chapter on design of portal framed buildings with overhead travelling cranes (including crane runway girders and monorail beams) design of footings and slab.g. The publication complementsthe AISC book Limit State Design of Portal Frame Buildings by providing wasnoted ina non. APPENDICES: A) Design Charts. materials handling structure and foundations.use charts for the . These include: ! ! the change in basic steel grade from 250 MPa to 300 MPa changes in loading Standards . C) Preliminary Portal Frame Design Sheet Design capacity tables provided in the third edition (and not released elsewhere) include: top flange and above top flange loading of crane runway girders (composed of standard combinations of UBs and WBs with PFC top flange channels) ! monorail beams (UB and WB) ! CHS and SHS roof and wall bracing struts (e. Worked examples are provided to illustrate the typical application of the design charts and the use of the proforma. The limit states editions are based on AS 4100.e. Kitipornchai. Based on these limitstates design philosophy.W.foundationsfor steelportal framed buildings. As with the popular previous editions.formed steel structures to limit states principles (i.E. B) Worked Examples. columns and bracing. 7) Design Examples. 2. JUNE 2001 6 .

Also included are Grade 300PLUSt . includingimproved table layout and easy to read design curves. values for fire design. Design Capacity Tables for Structural Steel 3rd Edition 1999 Volume 1: Open Sections AISC . Sections are colour coded for quick and easy reference. Design Capacity Tables for Structural Steel 2nd edition 1999 Volume 2: Hollow Sections. Data in the DCT includes: dimensions and section properties. Due to the growing popularity of hollow section construction there been a significant increase in the range and associated gradesof thissection type.section properties for gantry girders and rails. Data is presented in the limit states format of AS 4100. (DCT) provides information for the design and detailing of structural steel members and connections. design section capacities. The 7 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. 2) Design Action Effects. shear. 10) Rails. Thisvolume of the DCT containsinformation on the readily available range of ”open” structural steel sections (WB. the relevantclauses of AS 4100. An essential publication for those checking steel in existing structures. It contains limit states design capacities to AS4100 in similar format to that of the second edition.3) MemberssubjecttoBending. the method used to generate the tables and worked examples on the tables. Contents: 1) Introduction 2) Materials 3) Section Properties 4) Methods of Structural Analysis 5) Members subject to Bending 6) Members subjectto Axial Compression 7) Members subject to Axial Tension 8) Memberssubjectto combined Actions9) Connections 10) Detailing Parameters 11) Floor Plates 12) Rails 13) Gantry Girders This edition contains steel grades and section sizes not included in Volume 1 of the second edition. and the discontinued large universalbeams and columns. the new ”Lean Beams”. AISC Code 110 UA).4)Members subjectto AxialCompression. TFB. Significant enhancements have beenmade tothe secondedition. UC. JUNE 2001 .WC.3. including Grade 250 and 350 for all the hot. Volume 2: Hollow Sections (DCTv2ed2) is the most comprehensive set of member design aids for structural steel hollow sections (CHS.2. AISC 238 Pages An invaluable tool for structural designers.detailing parameters.Informativetextisincludedin eachsection explaining the use of the tables. 6) Members subject to combined Actions. the 2nd edition of Design Capacity TablesforStructural Steel. 3.298 Pages Regarded as a ”must have”designaid forengineers. Also included are design capacities for bolts. and useful tables for angles subjects to flexural loadings about their rectangular axes (restrained and unrestrained) and angles in trusses. elastic buckling loads.1998: Steel Structuresand iscomplementary to Volume 1: Open Sections in the AISC DCT publication series. Contents: 1) Section Properties.fabricators and other specifiers of structural steel. bearing. and incorporation of Amendments1 and 2 to AS 4100.7) Connections. AISC Code 122 The Design Capacity Tables for Structural Steel.3. axial tension and combined actions. DESIGN CAPACITY TABLES Design Capacity Tables for Structural Steel 1st Edition 1991 AISC 424 Pages The first edition of the Design Capacity Tables for StructuralSteel isstill an important reference book for steel users of today.1. TFC.and design capacitiesfor members subjectto bending.8) Detailing parameters. welds and floor plates.5) Memberssubjectto Axial Tension. 11) Gantry Girder 3. PFC. EA & The publication is in limit states format to AS 4100.9) Floor Plates.rolled sections. UB. axial compression. designers. RHS SHS). AISC Code 140 3.

Hogan T.2. Information on the design. Bolts are widely used for connections in steel structures due to their efficiency and economy. 5) Design of Bolts. B) Details of special bolts nuts and washers.Pinned Type Connection using the yoeld line method.DCTv2ed2 providesup.. 2) Materials. the 1998 version of AS 4100 included some significant changes to the hollow section design provisions. Bolting of Steel Structures providesdesign information based on the limitstates format of AS 4100.e. A subject index is included.Speedibolt “Footipak” 4. 7) Detailing. detailing and specification of bolts. Other features of DCTv2ed2 include tables associated with section and combined shear and tension. the topics covered included:( i) commonlyspecified bolttypes and their characteristics. Using easy to follow tables and diagrams. 4) Bolting Categories. HD bolts. Current details can be found from the website www. Contents: 1) Introduction. tension. information on the . Each kit has base plate. Standardised Base Plate and Holding Down Bolt System . 5) MembersSubjectto Bending.J. The text includesdata used to generatethe tables. Additionally. These changes have also been incorporated in DCTv2ed2.steel. shear. washers and a timber template. JUNE 2001 Standardized Plate Components A potential source for these is at www. surface areas. - 8 .information relevant to common applications. and ( vi ) methodsand guidance for selecting corrosion prevention systems. 4. Contents: 1) Introduction.( iv ) detailing information (e.7) MembersSubjectto Tension. design section moment (including torsion) and web capacities. 10) Economical Design and Detailing. maximum design loads for simply supported beams with full lateral restraint. The WebLok cage is a galvanised strip which may be easily wrapped around the HD boltsinsitu and readily adjusted to avoid reinforcing or other services. 4) Methods of Structural Analysis. thread runs outs. 2) Scope. Qld) for a standardised basplate and holting down system for the Australian market. Described as a publication that ”gives you the good oilon boltsby a couple of nuts”. 9) Connections. 9) Corrosion Protection. The concept involves pre. STRUCTURAL CONNECTIONS Bolting of Steel Structures 3rd edition 1990 Firkins A. WebLok cage. ( v ) methods of installation. telescoping sections. ( ii ) methods of identification. nuts.6)MembersSubjectto AxialCompression.3. Kits are available for hollow steel sections as well as for open sections.full range of Australian manufactured hollow sectionscomplying with AS1163. design moment capacities for members without full lateral restraint and design member capacities in axial compression/tension. 3) Section Properties. nuts and washers ispresented. 8) Members Subject to Combined Actions. useful examples and notingof clauses/equationsin AS4100 whichare specific to hollow sections.speedibolt. 3) Characteristics of Structural 4. thisbook coversthe many aspects of the bolting of steel structures. nominal bolt lengths. The design modelisbased on the AISC Column Base Plate .APPENDICES:A)Detailsofcommonly used bolts nuts and washers.1. thread lengths. C) Design capacities strength limit state. 56 Pages. E) Design Capacities fatigue limit state. D) Design Capacities Serviceability limit state.manufactured items as stock items in a kit 12) References. Details of the Footipak system will be incorporated in the next edition of the AISC Standard Connections. AISC Code 100 Footipak is a joint initiative between AISC and Speedibolt (Geebung. 8) Installation of Bolts. 11) Summary of Bolt Usage. Now in its third edition. 6) Bolt Length Selection.) . ( iii ) design capacities for bolts in STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2.

side plate.R. maintaining a similar format to previous working stresseditions.9) Slotted End Plate.A. Edition 4 is to the limit states Standard AS 4100. web side plate. a description of various design action effects acting on the connection. Flexible connections (angle seat. listing ofvariousreferenceswhich developed the design model. splices (welded and bolted) and base plates (pinned) are considered.7) Flattened End. 12) X Connections 13) K & N Gap Connections.2) Notation. AISC Code 160 Theirsmoothcleanlinesand engineeringefficiencies provide great appeal.architectural” structures . D) Formulae for Section Propertiesof Single Web Coped I. 15) Appendix A: Recommended Weld Details Codes for design of steel structures primarily deal with member design and provide only the basic information for fastener and overallconnection design. A. 11) Y & T Connections. C) Gauge Lines for Sections. The types of connections considered in the DHSC include:base plate. 14) K & N Overlap Connections.4. Thomas I. AISC Code 170 Structural Steel Hollow Section (SSHS) have been used by designers for many years. 6) Bracing Cleat. mitred knee.particularly in the Australian context. H) User’s Guide for Computer Program ”LIMCON” 4. little attention has been given to the design of SSHS connections in ”non.rolled I and channel sections. The generalformatof each design model includes diagrams and notation defining the joint. E) Design Aids for Recommended Design Models. referenced Standardsand design models.Bolts and Bolt Groups. F) Formulae for Section Properties of I. 4) Cap Plate. bearing pad. The DHSC is a specialist publication for SSHSconnections which reflects the current state of knowledge of such connection behaviour. Contents: 1) Introduction. See also corrigenda on AISC website. The publication contains information on general design and detailing parameters. Contents:1) Introduction. Design of Structural Steel Hollow Section Connections 1stedition 1996 256Pages Volume 1:Design Models Syam. flexible end plate.6. 10) Mitred Knee.CHS. stiff seat. However. 4) Design Models for Connections. This publication supplements these codes by providing rational design models for a range of the commonly specified connections in structural steelwork that are presently used in Australia. It is believed that the DHSC will fill a real need in the design community for practical connections for SSHS. slotted end plate. bracing cleat). Y & T welded. Chapman. angle cleat.3) Base Plate.. JUNE 2001 . 5) Side Plate. 5) Commentary.Sections with Holes. additionalnotes on the application of the model. 9 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. Standardised Structural Connections 3rd edition 1985 AISC 68 Pages AISC Code 360 4. B. welded tee end.4. Mostconnectionsrelate tohot.5. X welded. 2) Design parameters. and K & N overlap. the design model and substantial worked examples to illustrate the use of the design model.3) Design of Connection Elements. 6) References. K & N gap. One of the prime objectives of the manual is to minimise the possible detailconfigurationsofconnections by providing only one basic detailcontaining all essential elementsforeachconnection type. Design of Structural Connections 4th edition 1994 339Pages Hogan T. B) Design Aids .Sections.bracing cleat.G. AISC has published Design of Structural Steel Hollow Section Connections (DHSC).G) Projected Area of Overlapping Stress Cones for Anchor Bolt Groups. APPENDICES: A) Design Aids . In recognising this situation.J. rigid connections (welded moment and bolted moment end plate). despite the increased use of SSHSinrecent years and significant research undertaken (e.flattened end. The publication has an accompanying commentary which details the research and basisof each connection’s models.8) Welded Tee End. for welded joints in trusses).. Volume 1: Design Models.Welds and Weld Groups.g.

2) Loads. B) Survey results .3) Classification of Cranesand Runways. bolted moment end plate) and splices (bolted.This publication provides standard details for the details for the commonly specified structural steel connections. JUNE 2001 10 . 13) Standard Rigid Connections. 9) Detail Design.A section index is included.4) Rails. Some information is also provided on purlin cleats and column base plates. 11) Brief Commentary on Connection Types. 2) Runway and Crane System. 15) Purlin Cleats. Crane Runway Girders 2001 Limit States Design Gorenc B. 8)References. 19) Further Reading NOTE: AISC expects to publish a Limit States Version of Standardised Connections late in 2001 The aim of this publication is to gather some of the relatively recent information on the subject and to highlightthose areas of the design of crane runaway girders(fortop runningcranes) whichdiffer fromthe familiar design routinesof steelstructures.E. detail drawings and safe load tablesof jointsare presented in an easy to follow table and diagram format for each connection. it is likely that printed booklets with the BHP logo may no longer be available.E. on stress analysis and detaildesign of the top flange area.5) Supporting Structure. 12) Standard Flexible Connections. bearing pad. Crane Runway Girders 1983 Gorenc B.2.1. Fabrication. and on the design of those parts of the building directly adjacentto cranerunway girders. Working stress design method. This publication gathers information on the subject and highlights those areas of the design of crane runawaygirders(fortoprunningcranes)whichdiffer from the familiar design routinesof steelstructures. 3) Standard Connection Components. Contents: 1) Preliminary Considerations.7) DesignExample.4) Gauge Lines.A section index is included. 8) Deflection Limits. SPECIALIZED STRUCTURAL DESIGN GUIDES Please note that a number of the following publications were the result of research and developmentcarriedoutbyBHPandthe printedform may display the BHP logo. 7) Design for Fatigue Resistance. bolting layouts. 11) Materials. flexible end plate. 6)Fabricationand Maintenance. The details provided have beenacceptableto designers. 5. 6) Design Procedure. 9) Standard Connection Designations. web side plate).APPENDICES:A) Enquiry/Orderfor supply of crane. Contents:1) Concepts. 17) Additional Uses for Standard Components. 14) Splices. angle cleat. Contents: 1) Introduction. Note This edition is based on the working stress design method. 5) Structural Analysis.fabricatorsanderectors for a number of years. Approximate publication date . 3) Design of Crane Runaway Girders. 13) Inspection and Maintenance. on analysis and detail design of the top flange area. With the spin off of Onesteel and subsequent BHP restructuring. The design of these members is notfully covered in either the working stress Steel Structures Code (AS 3990/ AS 1250) or the Crane Code (AS 1418) although both codesprovide muchguidance onhow to deal with individual design aspectsof the system.18) Connection Variants for RHS and CHS. and on the design of those partsofthe building directly adjacentto cranerunway girders. Information such as standardised parameters. 10) Rails and Accessories. 10) Values of Vmin. Itisto be hopedthattheresults of the valuable work willstillbe available in alternate forms in the future. The main emphasis is placed on the special nature and combination of crane loads resulting from crane operation.crane girder and rails 5. Workmanship and Tolerances. 5) Coping. 5. The safe load tables were calculated using the design models in the AISC publication Design of StructuralConnections(third edition) and thus are based on the working stress design method. 16) Column Base Plates. rigid (fully welded. References. STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. 2) Standard Parameters. Standard connections considered include: flexible (angle seat. 6) Bolting Layout. 54 Pages AISC Code 340 For crane runwaygirders thedesigner mustconsider the interaction of the mechanical (crane) and structural (supporting) systems.4) Crane Loads. welded). Only photocopies are available. standard connection components and their designations.August 2001 For crane runway girdersthe designer mustconsider the interaction of the mechanical (crane) and structural (supporting) systems. Appendices: Glossary. The main emphasisisplacedon thespecialnatureand combination of crane loads resulting from crane operation.

30 Pages AISC Code 370 As cold.M.8) Design AgainstYielding and Buckling.Walled Members in Compression and Bending. G500. 11 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2.M.Design Methods . a summaryof bucklingbehavior ofsteelbinelements under variousloading situations. Contents: 1) Introduction.3) Loads. The third edition includes the latest developmentsin cold.4. Abel A. 5) Beams.Formed Steel StructuralMembers. a discussion on linear analysis of steel bins.3. Ansourian P. Floor Vibration in Buildings . Regardedasan authoritativecommentary toAS/NZS 4600:1996.rolled members structural stability has to be checked more thoroughly by the designer.4) Supporting Structures. 13) Notation Note: Spon Press have published (2001) a new book by Prof Rotter. distortional buckling of beams and columns. Purlins and Bracing.4) Stiffened and UnstiffenedCompression Elements. Detailed examples consider practicaldesign situationsand arepresented in a simple format.1990 Murray T. the topics considered in this publication include: suggestions for load determination. The new rules include unstiffened elements with stress gradient..formed members are usually thinner than hot. analysis and design of axisymmetric steel bins for bulk solids. 240 Pages AISC Code 150 This book explainsthe background to the design rules of AS/NZS 4600:1996 . analysis and failures of silos.5. Guide for the Economic Design of Circular Metal Silos.. Contents:1) Introduction. 5.M. In addition to structural design requirements (slanted towards Eurocode requirements). JUNE 2001 . the booklooksatloadings. 3) Buckling Modes of Thin. Extensive referencesare provided for further reading. 5.J. Based on the working stress method of design.6) Design Against Yielding.1983 Trahair N. Rotter J. 6) Webs.11) Brittle Fracture and Lamellar Tearing.formed membersin detail. Design of Cold. G550). 7) CompressionMembers. 2) Materials and Cold Work of Forming. earthquake provisions and blind riveted connections.7) Design Against Buckling.ColdFormed Steel Structures which is in limit states format. 10) Frames.8)MembersinCombined Axial Load and Bending.and suggestionsfor designing against buckling and combined yielding and buckling. there are some additional rulesthathave been included in AS/NZS4600:1996 which are not contained in the AISI document.formedsteeldesign. Structural Design of Steel Bins for Bulk Solids .Furtherinformationisgivenon thelimit states design of rack systems..S. use of high strength steels (G450. Irvine H. Additionalinformation is also presented on analysis for earthquake loading (to AS 2121) and design againstfatigue andfracture.formed steel structures. 9) Connections. 12) References. 9)AnalysisforEarthquake Loading. 20 Pages AISC Code 400 This publication provides two paperswritten by Professor Thomas Murray.10) Fatigue. Thebook examines the buckling of cold.5. This publication is concerned with thestructural behavior.. 11) Steel Storage Racking. this publication will greatly assist practitioners and students in understanding the behaviour and design of cold. the application of the results of linear analysis to design against yielding.5) StressDistribution in Steel Bins.Formed Steel Structures 3rd edition 1997 Hancock G. Professor Murray is a world expert on the phenomenon of human induced floor vibrations in buildings.Though basedon the1996 edition of the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) Specification for the Design ofCold. 1983 .2) Materials.

Thebeamsareapplicable to a range of steel framing solutions providing excellent strength and stiffness to weight ratios.Building regulations. Contents: 1) Introduction. composite steel beams and steel columns. For more information. 1998. Economical Carparks A Design Guide Ken Watson. Brief notes on fire safety and corrosion complete the document. cantilevered or continuous spans. monitoring. 5.Induced Floor Vibrations and Floor Vibration in Buildings. sensitivity of costs. design loads. Oct. contact ILB in Orange NSW by email at ilbsteel@lisp. 8) Costing Methodology. carpark efficiency. JUNE 2001 5. decking. he presented the following papers: Acceptability Criterion for Occupant.Art . the rational costing method.6. column splices. Appendices . 11) References. beams.State.single and multiple schemes. 2nd Ed July 2001 available in PDF format from OneSteel..slabs. footings. beam and column sizes. profiled steel sheeting design. 9) Case Study . 5.headroom.7. designs and costing. atmospheric classification. The schemes utilise composite slabs with profiled steel decking.of. design charts for selecting bearersand joists for single. 10) Acknowledgements. columns. assembly and bracing requirements. John Cottam and Spiros Dallas Published by BHP Integrated Steel Marketing Construction & Engineering FirstEdition. quantity surveyors. 2) Steel Carparks. Severallarge portalframed structureshave beenbuilt and the system permits the use of curved members. DuraGal R Mezzanine Flooring System OneSteel February 2001 20 pages The DuraGal Mezzanine Flooring System offers a high strength lightweightsteelflooring system for new or existing buildings. The guide presents nine carpark schemes which can be combined or modified to suit the given layout. ILBhave a 33 page design booklet“Design Capacity Tables for ILBs” as well as software distributed by 12 .the. structural system.survey. Appendices include design procedures for office and residential environments and a worked example. different surface treatment systems. 7) Durability . 6) Design Criteria .column location. Thispublication hasa descriptionof thestandardized components. structural steelwork.Deakin University Carpark. lateral load resisting systems. slabs.5) Parking Modules . STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2.8.Costsarealso givenfor each scheme. column capacity charts for 3 and 5kPa loadings. builders and developersproduce and costpreliminary designsfor steel carparks. 3) Review of Existing Steel Carparks. decking. connection details and corrosion protection systems. 4) Layout of Carparks. penetrations. Extensive information is given for each scheme for slab details. The papers primarily focus on composite steel/concrete floor systems and contain analytical procedures to determine the acceptability of proposed floor systems supporting residential or office type environments. fire resistance requirements. strong and lightweightsteelsection fabricated from two RHSor SHS chords with a trapezoidal folded plate web weldedbetweenthechords. architects. This design guide was prepared to assist engineers. stairways and handrail components and specifications. gradients. Industrial Light Beam Industrial Light Beams (ILB) are a stiff.Summary. design example. costs.A visiting AISC sponsored speaker in 1990. number of shear studs.

. JUNE 2001 . August 1992.D..e. Contents: PartA: USE OF HANDBOOK. The book also specifies the means of attaining the required fire resistance levels as well as presenting background material on the subject. composite or precast floors have been possible since changes to the Building Code of Australia which permitsthe use of bare steel in many situations. Proe D. APPENDICES: 1) Basis for assessment of materials.W.T. Material Data Sheets.1987 Bennetts I.D. 3) Definitions.) This publication is based on a report prepared by BHP Research .. MRL/PS69/87/003.. steelbeamconnected to a concrete slab) to resist the efforts of fire. these bookletswill be published on CD. Thomas I.1) Scope. Szeto W. Guidelines for Assessment of Fire Resistance of Structural Steel Members .1985. Poh K. Guidelines for Assessment of Fire Resistance of Structural Steel Members.D.Commentary on 1)to 5). APPENDICES: 1) Worked examples.7) Connections. Thomas I. All data been obtained from testswhich satisfy the relevant requirementsof AS 1530: Part 4.2.Index to Material Data Sheets.. Steel columns and columns in conjunction with reinforced. 4) General Principles. 2) Nomenclature. 6.. Contents: 1) Scope. Additional information can also be found by referencing ” Design of Steel Structures for Fire Resistance in Accordance with AS 4100”. 6) Members with Web Penetrations.6.Melbourne Laboratories. 6. 4) Interpolation of ThermalPerformance from a Series of Tests. FIRE RESISTANCE DESIGN AIDS 6. Proe D. 3. Handbook of Fire Protection Materials for Structural Steel .reference should now be made to Section 12 of AS 4100..R. 6) References. Economical Carparks A Guide to Fire Safety Bennetts I. by OneSteel avail. March 1999 30 Pages Ed 2 pub.level carparks have been built in Australia and New Zealand. 2) Use of simplifiedformula forobtaining criticaltemperature for beams. 3) Methods of Assessing Period of Structural Adequacy. 20 Pages AISC Code 410 This publication sets out the requirements for the design of composite steel beams(i. 5) Influence of concrete properties on beam temperatures. J. 2) Influence of slab characteristics on performance of three. It assesses the materials on a consistent basis to enable the required thickness to be ascertained without reference to individual test reports. Values of Fire protection material thickness determinedinaccordancewith thishandbook maybe deemed to satisfy AS4100 and the AISCdocument.R.R.26 No. 5) Procedure for Determination of Material Thickness. Vol.3. 2) Definitions.1.J. (NOTE:for steelmembersand connections. Steel Construction. 3) Useof simplifiedformula forobtaining critical temperature for columns. 13 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2.with or withouta specific fire protectionmaterial.sided members. in PDF Aug 2001 Many multi. It is likely that in the near future. 71 Pages AISC Code 420 This handbook summarises standard fire testdata for specific fire protection materials applied to steel members and composite beams. Thomas I. Report No.1990 Bennetts I. Part B: FIRE PROTECTION MATERIAL DATA . 5) Calculation of Temperature Conditions for Structural Adequacy. 4) Behavior of composite beams in fires. BHP and OneSteel have spent considerable monies in the area of fire engineering and have produced a number of focused guidelines.

6.deck or sprinklered carparks.resistance 2 Application of BCAAccessand Egress Requirementsto a Building. detailed requirements.rise office buildings.. Bennets. Contents:1) Introduction. Contents: 1) Introduction: Steel construction. 3 Calculation of Evacuation Times. what situations allow the use of bare steel. Smoke development and management.deck. 2001 This publication applies to sports stand buildings in open stadia. and ownerswhich did notrelate to the riskto lifefrom fire in these buildings. Aug.Brigade communication and response. Fire detection and suppression . 6. carparks adjoining or below other parts.6.R. Thomas P. 5) References.8) Fire Detection and Suppression..L. exits. 6) Occupant Avoidance. Poh K.R. building elements .June 1998 I. 3) Historical Review.D. 5) Fire Safety Aspects. Appendices: 1 Modelling of Fire Characteristics. of noncombustible construction that fall outside clause C1. Thomas S. multi.D.7 of the BCA.sprinkleredoffice fire tests. closed and partially open carparks. The purpose of thisbook isto consider the fire safety of these complex buildingsand to present design principles and procedures which will allow the fire safety objectives and relevant performance requirements of the BCA to be met. 12) Conclusions and References.W. exposed area tomassratiosof steel sections. 10) Brigade Communication and Response.32 pages Ed 2 by OneSteel in PDF format. 5 Checking of Steel Member Size for Fire Adequacy.what is Open.3) Partsof Shopping Centre Building. C.walls and roof. K. 5) References.Satisfy Provisions: BCA terms and . 7) Smoke Development and Management. 3) Fire Engineering Approach: alternative solutions for open. 6) Appendix: ESA/M of steel sections. recommendations. Thomas I. Overview of provisions.W. I. 4) Experimental Basis: open.5. 2) BCA Deemed.satisfy provisions: what is a carpark? . STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. research outcome.4. ESA/M of steel sections.9) Fire Spread and Management. OneSteel November 2000 63 Pages AISC Code 405 6. fire compartments. 4) Fire Safety Aspects . N.C.D. 2) Parts of Modern Sport Stands Buildings. JUNE 2001 14 . Anderson . 13) Appendices:Example. type of construction. 2000 41 Pages AISC Code 406 The construction and extension of large shopping centreshad involvedonerous costs on developers Many impressive.FRL’s. etc. 4 Exposed Surface Area to Mass Ratios for Steel Sections. Poh.Rise Office Construction A Guide to Fire Safety Bennetts I.concepts including rise in storeys and effective height.2) Background. 6) Appendices:Sprinkleredandnon.deck? Sprinkler requirements.Occupant avoidance. This publication is the result of a two year research projectanditpresentsa modifieddesign approachthe aim of which is to enable the designer to satisfy the fire safety objectives and relevant performance requirements of the BCA for these classes of buildings. .level sports stadia have been builtin Australia recentlywhich containquality facilities. Kurban G. 4) Building Characteristics. travel distance.11) Managementof Fire Safety. England. Goh. Fire spread and management. Design of Sports Stand Buildings for Fire Safety .. carparks in multiclassified building. Low. fire. 3) Fire Safety Evaluation:Whatcan welearn fromthe fire record? What matters for fire safety? 4) Alternative Solutions: BCA objectives and performance requirements. low. barriers to fire spread . Contents: 1) Sports Stand Buildings. OneSteel Nov.Contents: 1) Introduction: Steel carparks. Design of Sprinklered Shopping Centre Buildings for Fire Safety Bennetts I. 5) References. 2) BCA Deemed. Poon.

ConnectionExamples.Bearers. balustrades and stair stringers. 10) Corrosion Protection. gates. Lintels Supporting Roof and Floor. APPENDICES: A) Design Criteria. The beam and column tables take into account any loads transmitted from timber floors. ARCHITECTURAL AND DOMESTIC The Use of Steel in Homes 1995 AISC Code 141 Pages 440 7. Presented in a simple. BHP Structural Steel in Housing Span Tables and Connection DetailsforLintels. 12) Determination of columns sizes. steel beam and column sizes can be quickly determined for use in domestic construction.overallframingsystem. By referring to the main tablesin the book. 14) Composite steel/concrete floors. highlights the many facets of steel in architecturaldesign. Contents: 1) Introduction. 9) Removing columns under dwellings. 7.LintelsSupporting Strutting Beam. this publication provides information that will assist engineers and owner builders alike. 7) Bibliography. B) Worked Examples. 6) Stairs. Tables are also included to enable users to quickly determine suitable steel wallmullions. concrete floors. Contents:BHP (nowOneSteel) ProductDescription & Range. 15) Steel roof and wall cladding. 8) Credits for Illustrations and Photographs. cladding details aswell asinteresting information of historical significance. Notonly isAustralian architecturein steelconsidered but world case studies are also carefully highlighted toillustrateconceptualideas. steel. The use of Steel in Homes (TUSH) includes informative text on a wide variety of issues pertaining to steel in housing. steel sheet roofs and tiles roofsand also take into account wind loads.3) Floor beams. 5) Roof beams.relationship ofcladding toframe.Verandah Beams. Commercial high rise buildings.Span Table Design Data. handrails. Lintels Supporting Roof. Architecture in Steel . The major advantage is that complex calculations and knowledge of Design Standards are not necessary to determine the correct steel member sizes. Steel Sheet Roofs in High Wind Areas.Theauthor. 4) Walls.7. Steel Supply. C) Contact addresses. 6) Guide to Australian Buildings. Strutting/Hanging Beams. 2) Chronology and History. sporting facilities and many other steel buildings and structures are examined in detail. connection details. airports. Alan Ogg. easy to followformat. 16) References.framed houses.3) Design in Steel. lintels.2.5) Australian Case Studies. 15 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. Surface Treatment.1987 Ogg A. 11) Determination of beam sizes. Published by RAIA 255 Pages AISC Code 450 This award winning publicationiselegantly presented with quality photographs and illustrations. Contents:1) Scope and general. 8) Gate frames. 7.3. 13) Steel framed housing.4) World Case Studies.2) The use of steelto enhance siting and building design. Roof and Floor Beams 28 pages July 1998 Produced with the assistance of many experts in the field.Strutting Beams. Trussed andpitched roofsare includedas well as loads transmitted from the roof to the floor. 7) Handrails and balustrades.1. JUNE 2001 . LintelsSupportingMasonry.

Refer to the Graham Group productbrochuresor the website at Guardrails Design information on crash barriers are available from Industrial Galvanisers www.References. Contents: 1: Welding of steel structures. and reflects on typical industry practice in various areas. 8. AS 3990 Mechanical equipment .au STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. Part 5: Welding of structures subject to high levels of fatigue loading. This is accomplished by providing much background material. 7. Terminology. Section A: Welding of Steel Structures. Section E: Welding of Steel Structures Subject to High Levels of Fatigue Loading.formed steel structures and NZS 3404 Steel structures standard. the solid base Galintel ’T’ bars and the Galintel Rendabar. Part 3: Welding of reinforcing steel.indgalv. Practitioners and students in the structural/ mechanical engineering and fabrication areas will find thispublication veryusefulandeasy tointerpret.AS 4100 Steel structures. JUNE 2001 16 . Stairs and Railings A number of companies manufacture standard stanchions and railing components.1.Steelwork.8. AS/NZS Cold.Section D: Welding of High Strength Quenched and Tempered Steels. Listof WTIA Technical Notes. refer to the Weldlok website at www.6. Refer also to Industrial Galvanisers website at www.5. Steel Gratings and Floor Mesh Steelgratings and floor decks. one of the productsof the Graham Group (see above).au Allfive partsof the Standard are considered. Syam Editor 72 Pages AISC Code 470 Jointly published by the Welding Technology Institute of Australia (WTIA) and AISC.grahamgroup. the solid base Galintels. Part 2: Stud welding (Steel studs to steel) 7. TN 11 is intended to complement the Standards by explaining its application to welded steel construction. Examples are the Galintel range of multi.i. For design information on Weldlok gratings and drainage products. Section C: Welding of Reinforcing Steel.further interpretationof clauses.4.rib flat bar. FABRICATION Commentary on the Structural Steel Welding Standard 1992 A.referenced with the Standards by the use of a similar clause/heading numbering 7. Section B: Stud Welding (Steel Studs to Steel). An example is the Weldlok Balltube Scope.indgalv. and. Lintels A number of design chartsexist for specialisedproductswhichare available from different product manufacturers. both of open mesh or solid plate are a common steel component in industrialplantsaswellasaccessto other mechanical plant and mezzanine floors.Part4: Welding of high strength quenched and tempered steels. this Technical Note (TN) provides a valuable commentary to AS/NZS 1554: Structural Steel Welding. The publication is easily cross. Significantconsideration isalso given to the intentof the related design Standards .7. Lighting Poles Design information on steel lighting poles are available from Industrial Galvanisers www.

13) Glossary. APPENDIX. 134 pages 8. There are resultsfor natural frequenciesof various loadings on beams. 5) Arc Welding Processes.and gives a summary of formulae.Fabrication Methods 9. 3) Heat Treatment. Contents: 1) Definitions. Contents: 1) Explanatory Notes for developing a Corporate Quality Manual.3. 12) Weldability and Welding Defects.12) Shells of Revolution. and need to quickly know whether these components will withstand the physical and environmental stresses to which they are subjected. GENERAL Roark’s Formula for Stress and Strain 6th edition 1989 Young W. 11) Mechanisation of Welding and Cutting. 15) Dynamic and Temperature Stresses. The document has been designed to aid with the interpretation of the requirements of the Australian Standard AS3902 as they relate to quality and the steel fabrication industry and may act asa catalystto thedevelopmentofaquality manualand theadoption of quality principles. 6) Manual Metal Arc Welding. 14) Elastic Stability. 9) Torsion. 1991 This publication (in photocopy version only) were produced as partof a workshop held jointly with the National Industry Extension Service to aid fabricators in their endeavours to embrace the principles of Quality Assurance. 13) Bodies under Direct Bearing and Shear Stress. Volume 1 .1. A name and subject index are included. 4) Joining Processes. 2) Cutting and Forming Steel. moments and deformations as well as various simple distributed loadings. 7) Submerged Arc Welding. JUNE 2001 . 9) Gas Tungsten Arc Welding. Formulae are given for stresses and deformation in bars. Quality Assurance and the Fabricator This book is a tremendous time and cost saver for engineers who design and analyse structural elements. Shear. 8.4. Compression. plates. Pipes. 3) Principles and AnalyticalMethods. This publication is an excellent reference book compact yet detailed . 10) Flat Plates. shells and vessels when subjected to concentrated loads. 4) Experimental Methods. 9. and principles pertaining to the strength and deformationsof materials.2) Explanatory Notesfor developing an Operational Procedures Manual.8. Gregory R Goad.2) The Behavior of Bodies under Stress. Published by McGrawHill 763 Pages AISC Code 460 Note: 7th Edition available later in 2001 First Edition August 2001 John Taylor 160 pages Contents:1) Materialfor SteelStructures.C. 7) Beams. frames. and Combined Stress. 10) Arc Stud Welding.Detailing for Fabrication and Quality Management First Edition expected late 2001 John Taylor approx. An Engineer’s Guide to Fabricating Steel Structures. 8) Curved Beams. facts.2. 17 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. beam. Flexure of Straight Bars. 8) Gas Metal Arc and Flux Cored Arc Welding. 6) Tension. 3) ExplanatoryNotesfordevelopingaWorkInstruction Manual. 5) Properties of a Plane Area. Pressure Vessels. Volume 2 . 11) Columnsand Other Compression Members. An Engineer’s Guide to Fabricating Steel Structures.

COMPOSITE CONSTRUCTION Many of the OneSteel Composite Design Manuals are available on CDROM from AISC (Code 515).1.3) Design Concepts. This booklet does not cover design for serviceability. Contents: 1) Introduction. 3) Overall Design Process.9) Appendicesincluding design charts.2 Design of the Shear Connection of Simply. The tables may be used in conjunction with AS2327. Appendices .8) References.friction model.8) References. C) Design Examples (using tables). 5) Design Approach. SAA HB91.1 Edition 2 Feb 2001 48 Pages on CDROM AISC Code 515 Dr. 6) Design for Strength. 7) WorkedExamples:primaryinternalbeam. detailing connectors perpendicular and parallel to the steel beam. placement of shear connectors. longitudinal shear surfaces and the role of reinforcement (types 1. 10. ductile shear force model. shear. 6) Design Rules: design objectives.supported composite beams.6) Design Rules.1997 Composite Beam Design Handbook 1997 Jointly published by AISC and Standards Australia Available through Standards Australia The composite BeamDesign Handbook has primarily been written to assist design engineers perform calculations in accordance with AS 2327.2. D) Design for Construction Stages A design booklet covering the strength design of simply. 10) Design for Fire Resistance. detailing profiled steel sheeting. Contents: 1) Scope. 2) Terminology. anchorage and spacing requirements.Supported Composite Beams to AS 2327. Mark Patrick Rodney White STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. 5) Effective Sections.secondary edge beam. 4) Design Loads. Mark Patrick Centre for Construction Technology and Research This is the sixth booklet in the Composite series. The new concepts introduced in AS 2327. 9) Transfer of Longitudinal Shear in Concrete. 4) Design Models. effects of profiled steel sheeting.slip behaviour of shear connectorsand factorsaffecting this behaviour. which enables significant construction cost savings which can be consistently achieved. design of concrete slab reinforcement and types 1. Appendices: A) Design Tables. 10.1996 have been briefly explained and a limited commentary on the important design clauses has been given.1. 5) Design Approach: COMPSHEARt input data.2 Edition 1 Feb 2001 97 Pages on CDROM AISC Code 515 Dr.1 Design of Simply Supported Composite Beams for Strength OneSteel Composite Structures Design Manual Design Booklet DB1. DB1. 10.Design Tables.4 reo.10. Design Models: ductile shear connection model. load.2) Terminology.3. DB1. JUNE 2001 18 .1996to improve the efficiency of the design process.1996 OneSteel Composite Structures Design Manual Design Booklet DB1. 2) Materials.1. Qing Quan Liang Dr. Notation.sections.1996. 8) Design of Shear Connectors. shear connectors or fire resistance. A complete and detailed worked example is progressively presented through several chapters to outline the calculations necessary to design a typicalcompositebeam. Daya Dayawansa Dr. compared with previous practice.4). The handbookalso contains design tables which primarily provide the design moment capacities for a wide range of practicalcomposite beam cross.1. Contents:1) Scope and General. simplified longitudinal shear surfaces. uniform shear flow model.1.7) Worked Examples. connector shear capacity. B) Tables for Shear Connector and Longitudinal Shear Reinforcement Design. 3) Design Concepts: purpose of shear connectors. 7) Design for Serviceability.

3) Design Concepts.service condition.sections in negative bending. compared with previous practice.1 163 Pages on CDROM Edition 1 Feb 2001 AISC Code 515 Dr. and improved serviceability in terms of reduced deflections. construction.sections.depth andflush endplate connections. 8) Worked Examples. 7) Aids for Strength Design.secondary beam in an office. strength design forconstruction stages 3 through 6 and the in. Thisbooklet presentsthe additionaldesign information necessary to allow large web penetrationstobeincorporatedintosimplysupported bare steel and composite beams. serviceability design. This is the fifth booklet to be published for the Composite Design Manual which is being maintained by OneSteel.3 Design of Simply Supported Beams with Large Web Penetrations OneSteel Composite Structures Design Manual Design Booklet DB1. compared with previous practice. JUNE 2001 .5)Design Approach. DB1.3 Edition 2 Feb 2001 87 Pages on CDROM AISC Code 515 Dr. design tables and charts parallel and perpendicular cases. Chong Chee Goh Dr.4. Strengthfor Profiled Sheeting Products. DB3. 3) Design Concepts. improved vibration performance and crack control of the concrete over the supports. section behaviour of members and connections. which enables significant construction cost savings which can be consistently achieved. Contents: 1) Scope.6) Design Rules.lateral torsionalbuckling. partial. global analysis and behaviour. 9) Appendices: elastic properties of members in negative bending.6. 2) Terminology. properties and classification of cross. DB2. 3) Design Concepts: general behaviour of continuous beams. 2) Terminology. Design Capacity Tables.4) DesignModels. Daya Dayawansa Dr. methods of analysis. Cameron Chick Dr. 9) References. Appendices.1 Edition 2 Feb 2001 56 pages on CDROM AISC Code 515 Dr. critical sections. Russell Bridge Dr. 7) Worked Examples. crack control.Notation. 8) References. which enables significant construction cost savings which can be consistently achieved.6) Design Rules. where reinforcement is present over the supports. 7) Worked Examples: secondaryandprimarybeamsinacarpark. Mark Patrick The initialresearch and developmentwascarriedout at the BHP Melbourne Research Labs and thiswork has been completed at the University of Western Sydney Centre for Construction Technology and Research. positive and negative moment member capacities. Chong Chee Goh Dr.4) DesignModels.5) DesignApproach:designdata. 4) Design Models: ductileshearconnection.6) Design Rules: design loads. design and distribution of the shear connectors. Continuous composite beams can offer significant benefitsoversimplysupportedbeamswithimproved strength. 10. Paul Berry Prof.moment. Design Moment and Vertical Shear Capacity Tables. Mark Patrick David Proe Rodney White A design booklet covering the strength design of composite slabs. bare steel beams.1 Design of Continuous Composite Beams with Rigid Connections for Strength OneSteel Composite Structures Design Manual Design Booklet DB2. 10.5. Mark Patrick Rodney White A booklet covering the design of supported beams with large web penetrations. Notation.5)Design Approach. elastic contraflexure analysis. 19 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. member cross. Contents: 1) Scope.10. preliminary design. Contents: 1) Scope. 2) Terminology. negative moment capacity of members and end plate connections. Appendices Nominal moment capacities for composite beams.1 Design of Composite Slabs for Strength OneSteel Composite Structures Design Manual Design Booklet DB3. 8) References.shearinteraction.Referenced AS.

formwork design loads. durability. moment. general design parameters. Contents: 1) Introduction . New Bondek 2000 Software enables quick and economical solutions.reliablecontrolofflexuralcrackinginsupport regions and new reinforcement grades D500N and D500L. design using design shear capacity tables. The web.11) Notation.reinforcement). weld detailing. Contents: 1) Scope.limit state requirements. avoiding contact. connection design by detailed calculation.7. STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2.designforinsulation andintegrity.1 Edition 1 November 2000 on CDROM AISC Code 515 Dr.side.crack control options. serviceability design.8. JUNE 2001 20 . design action effects on connection component strengths.10) References. Paul Berry Prof. dimensionsand properties. It tabulates the propping.rotation andcapacity checksby methods for Bondek. 3) Design Concepts . materials (sheeting.Plate Steel Connection OneSteel Composite Structures Design Manual Design Booklet DB5. strength design for negative moments.rotation behaviour. composite slab data and fire design for various situations. Andrew Wheeler Jamie Adams The initialresearch and developmentwascarriedout at the BHP Melbourne Research Labs and thiswork has been completed at the University of Western Sydney Centre for Construction Technology and Research. application. finishing. design loads.plate is a common connection type and an improved design method is presented based on the 1994 AISC limit state design methodfor structuralconnectionsandan extensive test program. design action effects.side. Russell Bridge Dr. support conditions.single spans and 8) continuous spans. 5) Construction . multiple spans. structural adequacy. partial shear connection strength theory. rotational stiffness. 7) Design Tables . 2) Terminology.STEEL. This new publication embodies limitstate design approach and isbased on extensive testing on Bondek profiles along with severalmajor new technical developments such as savings in negative reinforcement due to moment redistribution.concrete.general. reinforcement.4) Design Models .support conditions. 10. design loads. 6) Worked Examples. Appendices including design shear capacity tables. New work on design eccentricities.9)Bondek2000 Software. 5) Design Approach identification of support conditions.1 Design of the Web. installation. overload condition.10.designflowchart. deflection limits. reinforcement for fire design etc. cleat thicknesses and rotational capacities are included. design eccentricities. positive moments. 3) Composite Slab Design . columns and slabs. moment. linear elastic resistanceperiods.corrosionprotection. Using Bondek: Design & Construction BHP Building Products Research and Development February 2001 132 pages plus Bondek 2000 Software CDROM This new publication supersedes eight previously published manuals of various titles. concrete. 4) Fire Design .2) Formwork Design . 8) References. DB5.rotation model. 6) Design Rules .general. The support condition can be stiff or flexible which can lead to improved efficiencies and smaller connections. Mark Patrick Dr.. Bondek profiled steel sheeting is the centre of a formwork and reinforcement system for concrete slab construction. rotation modelling. Partof a suite of design bookletscovering the design of simply supported and continuous composite beams. suspended ceilings and services. 7) Worked Examples.

The Lshaped lapping ribs provide an easy connection between adjacent sheets and in conjunction with the dove. Fielders Kingflor Designer The trapezoidal ribs of KingFlor 70 provide great strength and stiffness that allowthe steeldeck to support large loads and span greater distances during construction.11. 4) Design Charts for Multiple Plate Girder Bridges. 13) Steel Fabricators. Propping.10.Tips for Design and Construction. Architectural Details. Thispublication hasbeen prepared to assistbridge designerswith thepreliminary designof economical composite I. Contents: 1) General. 3) Design Charts for BHP Standard Beam Bridges. For further information on the CDROM. Fire Resistance Design Information. Design Principles. 9) Safety . KF70. 5) Design Charts for Twin Plate Girder Bridges.tail ribs provide a strong and ductile rib shear connection after the concrete has hardened. 7) Specificationsfor Steelwork Fabrication. Design Examples. 11) References. 12) BHP Technical Support. Thismanual was updated following extensive testing at the University of Sydney. JUNE 2001 . FieldersKF70 isalready demonstrating it providesa faster more costefficientsolution on projectsaround the country. Stramit Condeck HP Structural Steel Deck Technical Design Manual 34 pages. trough or box types). Section 10) Estimating Bridge Construction Costs.8) Surface Protection. Contents: Introducing Condeck HP. 2) Preliminary Design. Composite Slab Capacity Graphs. 14) Steel Distributors.girder steel bridges using the 1996 Australian Bridge Design Code. Features. Design charts in the document for spans up to 60 metres enable sufficient accuracy for preliminary cost estimating.fielders. 21 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. contact Fielders via the website at www. 10. Negative Reinforcement. August 1996 Published by Stramit Metal Building Products Condeck HP (High Performance) is part of the Stramitrange of concrete floor systems. 6) Bridge Systems and Details for Economy. Brief guidelines are given on a number of aspectswhich influence the economicsof steelbridges. Design live loadshave been assumedto be the worst effect of T44 and HLP 400 for both serviceability and ultimate strength limit states. 10. Composite Steel Road Bridges Concepts and Design Charts Frank Rapattoni (BHP) DennisEastwood (Vicroads) Mark Bennett (RTA) Harry Cheung (RTA) Published by BHP Integrated Steel November 1998 An increasingly popular bridge superstructure isthe composite concrete deck and steelgirders (I.10.9.

1996 Steel Structures made Easy Publishedby StandardsAustralia asa studentguide to AS4100.1 For simply supported composite beams 11. DB3.onesteel. DB1. JUNE 2001 12. structural analysis. The software is an Excel 95 5/7 spreadsheet which gives solutions that conform to AS 3600 . Contact OneSteel Market Mills on 1800.STEEL (TM) Version 1.1 For web penetration in simply supported beams 11.STEEL . or in fact for most practicaldesign. The CD also contains steel section properties for the open.1994 Concrete Structures.1.0 For the design of web. In addition to the standard COMPSECT and COMPSHEAR are all available on the OneSteel Composite Structures Design Manual Version 1. DCTplate . Design is in accordance with AS 22 .1 and SDB5.1. 11.1.1.plate connections - 11.3. Teaching 12. it provides some additional options such as: ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! interior spans thinner than end spans design of concrete. Lysaght Bondek 2000 . HB83 .and Expert.forfirstorsecond year engineering students.2.Version 1 This software is distributed on CDROM with the BHP Lysaght design manualUsing Bondek: Design & Construction. Because of the specialized nature and technical supportassociated with these packages.the AISCcan only draw attention to The Composite CD is also available from AISC.4. It covers all grades of steel plate manufactured to AS 3678 or AS 3597.for all tiers in the code.11. Capacity Tables 12.Design Capacity of Structural Steel Plates DCTplate extends the range of solutions found in AISC’s Design Capacity Tables and most texts.2. WEBPEN (TM) Version 1. DB1. WSP. The AISCis however of the opinion thatinvestment in specialized software which permits closer integration of the design. The software wasused to generate the design tables in the manual.3. It requires Microsoft Excel 95 to run. These are organized in two groups a learning fashion related to each of the seventeen sections in the Code. steelwork modeling and documentation. There isa “readme” file of instructions.1.1. welded and hollow sections together with design capacity graphsand two smallDOSprograms for selecting members for bending and columns.1. COMPBEAM (TM) Version 1. The above mentioned manualiscontained on theCD as a PDF (Portable Document Format) file.1. Advanced . COMPBEAM. SOFTWARE There are a numberof softwarepackageswhichoffer considerable design and documentation tools. COMPSECT (TM) Cross. COMPSHEAR (TM) For design of shear connectionsin compositebeams. WSP.this CDROM has three levels of AS4100:Novice . there is a running commentary and backgroundexplanations given aimed at that level of student.1 CDROM issued July 2001 along with the Design Booklets DB1. 12.for third or fourth year students.5.1.frame buildings with band beams all reinforcement grades and sizes lightweight concrete superimposed dead.2.or at www.2. DB2. COMPOSITE DESIGN SOFTWARE 11.STEEL.6. The CD also containsabout700 highdefinition colouredpictures of steel topics.1. 12. WEBPEN. DB5. AISC Code 515 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. storage and live loads fire ratings of 4 hours design with no crack control requirements design of formwork as continuous or discontinuous over permanent supports A2 exposure classification. 11. and a Project album. To fully benefitfromthesepackagesrequiresan investmentin time for training and a commitment to utilize the features in order to gain overall efficiencies in steel construction.side.section strength design of composite beams - For the Novice and Advanced levels.

No longer do you have to flick pages. STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS SOFTWARE 13.Design Capacity Tables for Computers DCTcompcovershotrolled. Finally. easy. An interactive calculator for the full range of bolt and ply combinations to help with connection package for the analysis and design of all kinds of frame structures .1998. Finally. print the key parameters and a drawing of your 12. All design capacities on a single screen for the parameters you specify. ofextensivelyusedinformationhasbeencompressed into one simple easy.use . trusses. contact Engineering Systems Pty Ltd or visit the website at www. Once the structure has been analysed the members may be designed or checked in accordance with the design code. Changes to the structure or loads can be assessed quickly by repeating the analysis/check cycle and then inspecting a graphical display of design results that shows inadequate members in red. DCTcomp . Structures may be two. a Microstran model may be exported to a DXF that could become the basis for a CAD drawing.2.use in other software. The ability to apply linearly varying loads to all or part of a rectangular plate. trusses. Intelligent lists to let you quickly find information.2. A Microstran model may be created by importing a suitable CAD DXF and conversely. DCTplate features: ! ! ! ! With ! ! ! ! Simple design forms that act as wizards to guide you.microstran. towers. ACADInterface isan integralpartof Microstran that offersthecapabilityof It comes with a full complement of features thatmake itsuitable for any ! If you use AISC’s Design Capacity Tables then DCTcomp isthe software for you! Over 1. grillages and beams.DCTcomp (Windows Version) is available as partof the OneSteel Product Catalogue CDROM issued in July 2001. Optional steel detailing modules are available for StruCAD and Xsteel. Simple buttons or menus to display all the information about a section. varying in size from a few members to many thousands of members.000 pages 23 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. The consistency check will detect a range of modelling problems related to geometry and loading. Microstran performs an automatic check of all input data prior to analysis.4100 or the American AISCWorking Stress rulesfor plates whose yield stress exceeds 450 MPa.dimensional. No longer do you have to remember which hollow sections are available in a particular steel grade. Microstran . Automatic checks for strength and/or serviceability. It also features: ! ! Information from FIVE (5) publications in one package. Browse buttons to see alternative sections in the range. A drawing reflects your choices. Space Gass SPACE GASS is a general purpose structuralanalysis and design program for 2D and 3D frames.dimensional or three. Integrated LIMSTEEL is an optional modules that permitsthe design and checking of steel membersin accordance with AS 4100. . print any display or copy values to the clipboard for use in other software. The program remembers and automatically updates as you change the display. JUNE 2001 . ! ! ! ! Multiple forms for easy comparison of different designs. No longer do you have to interpolate for effective lengths or combined actions. Microstran’suser interface makesit easy to inputthe data necessary for steel design. and bridges. DCTcomp ismuch more than justa list of section properties.Ddatabetween a structural model and CAD systems.beams. DCTplate you can: Change support conditions by clicking the mouse on the AISC Code 535 13.Analysis & Design of Structures Microstran is a comprehensive. Select cells from a grid for partial pad loads on rectangular plates Select grades and preferred plate thicknesses without consulting product literature.2. For further information contactthe AISCbookshop: e. For further information. weldedand coldformed sections plus welds and boltsthat can be designed to AS4100.mail: bookshop@aisc.

! Datasheet input and text file input. material and boundary non. Strand7 also features ! an extensive element library: 1D: Beam. ! Multiple viewports that allow you to display up to four different views of the model at once. Check mesh quality with aspectratio and warping contours and free edge detection. buckling and non.sections. SPACE GASS for Windows has been designed so thatyouhave everythingatyourfingertips. which is visible almost all of the time.contactIntegratedTechnical Software in Geelong. pinned links. pyramid and hexahedral elements Constraints: Rigid links. Import geometry data from ACIS and DXF files. 24 . catenary cable and contact elements (2D and 3D) 2D: Plane stress. Imperial or a user defined units system.rigid joints. Transient: Linear and non.job from small at www. ! Loading and deformed geometry diagrams. 3D membrane. cranesand bridges.strand.state and transient (linear and non.and non. with different views of the structure. towers. ! Full data generation facilities for linear and curved structures. pin. sector. shear panel and axisymmetric elements 3D: Tetrahedral. plate and weld libraries. Construct models.a flexible working evironment lets you build modelsquickly. plane strain.and copy data to and from other Windows programs.polar coordinates.aust. ! Full node and member renumbering before or after other data has been input.integrated visual environment combined with a suite of powerfulsolvers givesyou unparalleled functionality in a single application.Metric. sliding and pin. Organise a complicated modelinto a simple set of parts using the Group Tree. tension. ! Standard section. run analyses and investigate results simultaneously using a seamless interface.only members. material and boundary non.linear) standard and specialize structural materials. truss. harmonic response and spectral response.rigidmemberoffsets. analysis and design software. ! Linear and non.4.only members. Specialist areas of applicationincludenavalarchitectureand shipconstruction. Advanced modelling at your fingertips .ended members and STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER can display up to four viewports(windows). wedge.3.ended members. ! A Structure Wizard that guides you through the generation of standard structures.linearanalysis are all standard features. or visit the web. Create. The standard features in SPACE GASS include: ! Intuitive graphical user interface.linear (geometric. Victoria or visit the website at www. 13. automated meshing and unlimited undo. industry standard data libraries such as steel section properties. isthe centralfocusof theprogram andconstantly shows the current state of the model. ! 3D member offsets.linear (geometric. Themain graphics display. coupling links a range of solvers: Static: Linear.linearity) Dynamic: Natural frequency. Multiframe Version 8 Formation Design Systems is a software developmentcompany specializing in 3D modelling. ! Tension. ! SI.paste elements in 3D .symmetry links. bolt. Cut. ! Rigid. ! Load case enveloping.linear analysis with wavefront optimization.only and compression. Itemssuch asgraphicalinput. ! Simple and logical menu and toolbar button system offering access to all program features. Forfurtherinformation. ! Highly customizable and previewable output reports.spacegass. ! Bending moment. damper. plate/shell.elastic supports. ! Semi.linearity) Heat transfer: Steady. ! All types of node and member loads and combinations. ! ! ! For further information contactG+D Computing in Sydney. Strand7 Strand7 is fully. Define your own coordinate systems and beam cross.and. ! Graphical input and context sensitive menus. material. Open multiple models at the same time. trusses and portal frames to large high rise buildings. shear force. and axial force diagrams. JUNE 2001 13. Strand7 harnesses the power of Windows. at one time. structural engineering and industrial design. master/slave links.even between models . delete and manipulate elements with a comprehensive setof tools.

ColdSteel/4600 isintended to be used as a cold. The integrated version of LIMSTEEL is used in conjunction with the two structural analysis programs Microstran and SPACE and rectangular and square hollow sections. and doesnotallowa reportto be generated. JUNE 2001 . Limcon shows a dimensioned detail diagram of the connection atalltimesduring thedesign process. You can produce varying reportsto printoutarecord of tables.Multiframe’s flexible construction capabilities will dramatically reduce the time it takes you to set up structural models. In the check mode. Limcon’s virtual reality viewer. walls and roof trusses of any configuration and to any design standard both locally and internationally. the companion program to the AISC publication Design of Structural Connections. Limcon V2 Limcon also includes the OneSteel Web Side Plate connection. Visit the website at www. The program is available in three versions . permitschecking and design of allthe connectionsin this book.Checking & Design of Steel Connections to AS 4100 Limcon. LIMSTEEL LITE allows the user to check one AS 4100 member ata time. A built. more time for you to investigate design alternatives and a more professionalresult. In the design mode.Side.Formed Steel Structures Standard AS/NZS 4600. published by OneSteel Market Mills (November 2000). e:Frame covers floors. Youcan alsocopy andpaste or save files of results for your own post. diagrams or calculations for all or just a selected range ofmembers.timber and concrete code checking. The program may be purchased from AISC or Engineering Systems. MEMBER / JOINT DESIGN CHECKING SOFTWARE 14. lite and integrated.civil.processing programs or reports. The other data inputscreens for NZS3404 andAS/NZS4600members. 14. 25 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2.rolled I. ColdSteel/4600 ColdSteel/4600 isacomputer programfor thedesign of cold.formed steelstructuralmembersby freeingthe engineerfromthecomplex detailof effectivesection.LIMSTEELLITE canonly checkhot.automated design of cold.ess. Printed output contains a detail diagram and full results of all design checks.the userinteracts with LIMSTEEL to proportion a welded I or box section member. provides a useful visual check of arrangement and clearances.Other modulesallowyouto draw section shapes and install them in the sections library. or visit the website at www. For further information see www. LIMSTEEL can also design DuraGal channelsand anglesaccording to the Australian/New Zealand Cold. LIMSTEEL checks the capacities of a specified member or connector for the specified design Further information on Limcon is available at www.usyd.1 Design of the Web. contact Formation Design Systems in Perth. This means fewer errors. 14.standalone. in which different colours are used for each type of component. plateweb girders and welded box sections. described in Design Booklet DB5.formsys.formed steel design calculator that facilitates the semi.The connection detailscan be saved to an AutoCADDXF at the click of a 13. e:Frame 3D framing design and analysis systems for steel framed building through to numeric controlof plant equipment. LIMSTEEL LITE is a reduced student version of LIMSTEEL Standalone available free of charge.2. For more information. or the stiffeners for such a member. stiffeners and connectorshave been disabled. LIMSTEEL choosesthe smallestfrom a selected group of member sections or connector sizes which is adequate for the specified design actions. butremain visible to calculation sheet allows you to prepare design calculations and apply them to any partof any member. LIMSTEEL LIMSTEEL isa computerprogram forthe limitstates design of steelstructures according to the Australian and New Zealand Steel Structures Standards AS 4100.Plate Steel Connection.formed steelstructural membersto the limit states Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS And an ever expanding rangeof design add.5.1998 and NZS 3404:1997. The standalone version providesthedesigner ofsteel structures with a simple. These programs allow an analysis and design of the complete frame to be done. The program runs in a standalone interactive mode under the Windows 95/98/NT operating systems. In the proportioning orproportion steelmembers and connectors. and economical methodto check.engsys.onsalso allowsyou tosimplify steel.

sesismic capacity STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. STEELbeam offers a comprehensive beam analysisproduct thatis easy to 15. For further information. contact BHP NewZealand Steel by Email (bird. These tablesinclude all the common formsof member end connections from simple cut and drill through to attached welded end plates and intermediate cleat or fin plates. Simply define the beam member from the comprehensiveSTEELcatcatalogue suppliedwhich includes OneSteel sections. rectangular hollow sections.uniform ortriangular) and supports (pinned. COSTING SOFTWARE The program can run in either a check or design mode.yielding) as well as a revamped user interface. Now. STEEL41 helpsoptimise your design with little effort and even handles the difficult tasks with a range of tier levels. see www.ess. Forfurther information. For further information. STEELestimator STEELestimator has been developedinresponse torequestsfromdesignersand fabricatorsfor asoftware package that would allow the Rational Costing Method (RCM) to be fully embraced. this member design checking program hasrecentlybeen upgraded to include several newmember typesand grades.6.sections. bending moments. In design mode. 14.formedprofileshapesincludinganglesections. channel sections. STEELbeam hasbeen developed to include over 30 new features.civil. hat sections. additional design checking features such as shear and bending interaction. the RCM divides costsinto four maincomponents:steelsupply. Member types from New Zealand included are Steelpipe custom and standard spiral welded pipes. Apply loads(point.sectionalshape for which the design with respect to the given set of actionsand other relevantparameters issatisfactory. For any steel member. displacements and stresses for simple supports through to continuous beams. that provides clear visual and graphicalresults. that presents high quality relevant reports. STEELbeam has all the tools needed to determine shear 14.usyd. ( STEEL41 has a comprehensive library of BHP and Tubemakers section properties Multi. fabrication sections. It highlights unsafe designs and helps you to enter correct and accurate valuesthrough the useof interactivehelp. STEELcat Comprehensive online electronic catalogue of steel sections incorporating a section property calculator for virtually any design requirement. The load factor and corresponding governing limitstate isalso reported. www.segment beams can be handled with tapered shaped sections. Asdistinct from the old “rule of thumb” cost per tonne method. For a given set of design actions and other relevant parameters such as effective lengths. surface treatment. STEELbeam Formerly known as Beam for Windows. or. STEEL41 includes a comprehensive report writer detailing all of the working out and discussion made by stating the relevant clause in AS4100. moments. STEEL41 is used by many Australian Universities and Colleges. each of the component costs can be determined from inbuiltor customizable data tables. and that can be used and understood byanyone fromstudents to experienced engineers. fabrication and erection. Steltech custom and standard welded beams and BHP NZS “Just Black” hollow sections. contact Engineering Software Solutions (www.distortionalbuckling stressand other detaileddesign computations. fixed and springed) at any point along the member. JUNE 2001 26 .com. Z. MemDes Version 2 Developed with the support of BHP NZ Steel.ess. Steel41 Design of steel structural members to AS4100 limit state design criteria is fast and accurate with STEEL41.4. and circular hollow sections. running ColdSteel/4600 in check mode will determine if the member issatisfactorily designed to AS/NZS 4600:1996 with respect to all relevant strength limit states. ColdSteel/4600 determines the lightest section of a particular ColdSteel/4600 performs all the relevant member strength calculations for a range of commonly used cold. alternatively define your own section to checks (yielding and non.7. various grades and much

for model and connection design but without the facility to produce shop drawings StruCAD Checker . see www. set clearances to enable easy bolt fixing. The dynamic zoom and pan facility allowsthe operator toexamine thestructure fromany angle in close 3D detail. member properties. STEELnest provides an inventory manager to optimise your off cut store and allows you to set up multiple nesting rules that govern joints. surface protection and erection costs. Using Xsteel the operator creates a complete. Xsteel has comprehensive full clash detection facilities including specifying tolerances to accommodate site problems. SteelNest Fabricators can now determin exactly what lengths and sectionsneed to be purchased to minimise waste.D model the system can automatically generate: fully detailed fabrication shop details fully detailed general arrangement and erection drawings ! CNC manufacturing data ! customizable material lists ! bi.STEELestimator includes enhanced reporting functions with component cost breakdowns.for steel detailing of smaller structures StruCAD Engineer . Xsteel Xsteel provides full integration of model. fabrication.screen display of changes to the model and associated connections.xsteel.2. For example. dimensions of adjoining connections change accordingly.e. using either fast wireframe methods or modelling directly in solid forms.generateandupdatethescreenwhenever achange or addition is 15.pacificcomputing. The model of the structure is created by the operator specifying interactively the layout of the elements and associated connections. off cut/scrap control etc. producing automatic general arrangement and detail drawings together with material lists and CNC files. 16. Member sizes can be selected from existing or customer defined catalogues. when the size of a beam is This completely removes the problem of the traditional 3D.for viewing the 3. The elements appear on the screen asrealsections. or as a collection of modules including: ! ! StruCAD Lite . see www. StruCAD StruCAD is a powerful 3.D CAD system which allowsthe creation of 3.steelwork modeling systems which need to re.From the 3. and tools to produce and maintain user databases for supply. whichenablestheoperator to dictate the necessary detailing requirements to solve any practical problems whilst generating the model. STRUCTURAL MODELING 16. connection types and materials..D model but without any editing tools ! ! ! 27 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. All elements are intelligent objects. drawings and reports. The use of Xsteel’s comprehensive yet easy to use connection library shortensthe throughputtime and thusliftsyour productivityto acompletely newlevel. There is no limit to the size of the structure that can be modeled with Xsteel. For further information from the Australian distributor. solid 3Dproductmodelof the steelstructure including all the relevant information required for manufacture and construction. ATraining Tutorialon CDisavailableand forfurther informationcontactEngineeringSoftwareSolutions or inspect their website at www. Xsteel’s object oriented functionality providesthe operator with allthe tools to quickly create the structure’s geometry. thereby eliminating any unnecessary amendments. The interactive true 3D approach of Xsteel enables the model to be easily amended with instant on. or the website of Tekla in Finland www. Connections can be applied from StruCAD’s extensive libraries or createdinitspowerfulinteractiveenvironment.ess.2.Dmodelsof steelstructures. Xsteel can accommodate an unlimited number of joints and members and is therefore very capable of managing large structures without losing any of its superb performance. A team of operators can work on the same model at the same time and Xsteel’s capabilities ensure the consistency ofthe modeleven whenseveralusersedit the same part of the model For further information. cutting widths. JUNE 2001 .directional links into various third party analysis and design packages StruCAD is available as a complete system.

TEDDS TEDDS is fast. It operates within the standard AutoCAD environment or now as a standalone StruCADisproduced by AceCad Software of theUK (www. 16. TEDDS is highly configurable and you can link not only all of CSC’s software portfolio but also your own software including spreadsheets and other programs.4. Full user control of design condition. Its use and application are especially beneficial for various sectors in the steel construction industry such as structural engineering and steel. If TEDDS doesnotalready have the calculationsyou 16. accurate calculation pad which is unique in the engineering field.Frame). aswellasallshape. TEDDShasbeen developed specificallyfor civiland structuralwork by experienced structuralengineers and so itavoidsthe shortcomingsof generalsoftware originally intended for financial or scientific calculations. top contact AEC Systems in North Sydney.ProSteel3Drepresents the ideal solution for professional and comprehensive applications. UK (BS 5950) and Australian AS4100 ! ! ! 16.1. A variety of powerful 3D Tools are available to the user for this purpose: ! ! ! ! Efficient. etc. you can create them easily.thoughtout.4.) Details derived from isometric and perspective views Creation of shop drawings such asindividual component parts and construction groups. 3D+ 3D+isa CSC Software Civiland StructuralComputing Ltd have developed a number of integrated packages in the structural engineering areas covering 3D structural analysis ( nesting module For further information.) Derivation of the NC/PPS data directly from the 3D model Linking with standard statics programs with automatic import of the geometries 16.Frame. Scratch pad for design refinement.US (AISC. CAN/CSA. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Prosteel 3D ProSteel 3D is an object. elastic plastic analysis of portal frame structures (Fastrak).3.acecad. ThisCADmodelwilldisplay and makeavailablealltheinformation requiredfor constructionand fabrication. structuralmodeling solution for structural designers.cscworld.M94.ASD 89 and AISC.3.steel Design features: Automatic steel design or check fully integrated with P. or visit the website at www. and distributed in Australia by AceCad Software (Australia) Pty Ltd. 16.the macro programming language of StruCAD StruCut . neat. Plate girder and tapered plate girder section design.oriented steelconstruction application based on AutoCAD. easy. contact CSC Australia in Ballarat. Full implementation for the following design codes .1.LRFD 94).based model. the worldwide standard CADprogram.Steel - S. ProSteel3Dwillhelp you to turn the modelin the designers mind into a visually accessible CAD. Unparalleled quality of printed results. StruMac . STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2.aecsystems.framed building produce machine code to drive NC machines. bolt. and well. Check or automatic redesign options for all or part of the structure. well. JUNE 2001 28 . Typical Areas of Application are as follows: ! Steel Construction / Structural Engineering ! Hangar Construction ! Facility Construction ! Rack Construction ! Façade Construction Asa practicalCADprogram based on AutoCAD. or visit the parentwebsite at www. For further information on these products.! ! ! StruCam . construction group lists. 3D+ allows the structural designer to rapidly create a model from simple set out. detailed steel design (S. a 3D parametric modeling package (3D+) and a unique calculation pad for engineers (Tedds).proven construction technology in 3D Details derived from the overviews (frontal view. Member grouping for rationalised design. in any desired scale or unit of measure Generation of complete component parts ( which have to satisfy the highest standards and requirements. (Email: acecad@it.based construction tasks.

17. For example. Exchange drawings and models with other 3D modeling systemsvia DXF. Drawing Management and CNC Management. Thismanualincorporatesthe wholerange ofLysaght purlins and girts in a much wider range of spanning and bridging configurations than before. Automatic generation of multiple 2D/3D analysis and design models is possible from the structural model. Fullscale testsresultsof complete systems have been used in the development of AS/NZS 4600: 1996 Cold. DWG.fascia and ridge capping products. The data is intended for specifiers. Links to other third party analysis products are also supported.1. metal deck cladding profiles. Create structural loading within the model. Stramit Stramit specializes in the manufacture.2. including dimensions. foundations etc. Lysaght Zeds & Cees Purlin & Girt System Lysaght Purlins and Girts Limit state capacity tables& productinformation.formed steel structures. Material Management. 3D+ can then automatically update all such drawings/views with a single command.4. packing.4. Createloading. slopes. member and slab attributes. PURLINS AND GIRTS Thispublicationcannotcover allproductsanddesign guides. 17. Girts & Bridging Stramit have a Product Technical Manual incorporating design capacity tables. walls. the Stramit Portfolio is available which currently has some 28 high profile projects. Following changes to the model 3D+ will identify those drawings/views which need to be For architecturalcase JUNE 2001 . load values. A separate Detailing and Installation is available. rainwater.stramit. cladding. members or areas. Stramit and Fielders for up to date data. Revised May 1999 This work follows extensive testing at the University of Sydney using the largest vacuum test rig in the world. all within the same structural model. Totally integrated with advanced analysis using S. engineers. Visualize the structure using the power of AutoCAD. together with limit state capacity tables. storage. structural. as simply asdrawinglines. supportsand member end conditions. concealed fixingschemes. Production Management. SDNF (Steelwork Detailing Neutral File) or CIS 2. along with colour rangeschanges reasonably rapidly and the reader is referred to individual suppliers such as Lysaght. 16. marketing. Following changes to any 3D+ parametric value or expression. buildersand erectors.0 (CIMsteel integration standard). They have an extensive technical catalogue covering design guides. FabTrolcan be purchased on a modular basis. distribution and sales of building products throughout Australia. dimensions. slabs. offsets.issued. Included aredetailsofmaterial specifications. Fabtrol FabTrol is a fully integrated modular totalManagement Information System for StructuralSteelwork. A boltless bridging system can be used and special sizes to 400mm deep are possible. Exchange material list data with MIS systems.Stramit have an Interactive CDROM “Solutions in Steel” with the product data (in limit states format) as well as maintaining a website at www. holes and bridging location. 29 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. The range of purlins is from 100 to 350mm deep in several thicknesses for C and Z purlins. angles.Parametric changescan be applied at any time in the construction of the model. A wide range of loading types can be applied to joints. 61 pages.Inadditionto theprinted catalogue. 17. otherscrewfixings. distances. etc. Parameters may be used to define any numeric data within the 3D+ model. all data within the 3D+ model can be regenerated completely automatically. formwork and other products.Place members. Thisinformation. 3D+ has an inbuilt drawing management system. Purlins.Frame. the six modules are: Estimating Contracts Management.

4) Joint Design Under Predominantly Static Loading.formed truss.. 57 Pages AISC Code 250 This book deals with the global. 5) Members in Combined CompressionandBending. Yeomans N. JUNE 2001 30 . Wurker K.. Dutta D. deals with the design and fabrication of rectangular and square hollow steel section joints. 9) Symbols. 7) Symbols..and (iii) the use of worked examples to illustrate the application of the design provisions.planar truss (triangular girder). Kurobane Y.. Simple design formulae and fabrication rules are presented for adequate member/jointperformanceandfabricationeconomy of structural steel circular hollow sections (CHS). 6) Worked Out Design Examples...3.(vi) effective buckling length of truss members. this book deals with the design and fabrication of circular hollow section joints. localand flexuraltorsional bucking behavior of hollowsections.2. 2) Design of Tubular Structures. 8) References 18.. Kurobane Y.(v) trusswith semi.. Followingextensiveexperimentalinvestigationsand theoretical analysis. 102 Pages AISC Code 260 This publication. 5) Bolted Connections. 2) Cross Section Classification. CIDECT 2: Structural Stability of Hollow Sections 1992 Rondal J. All joint strength design formulae are presented in limit states terms. Yeomans N. Using this design guide will enable users to obtain a better idea of the stability advantages they can gain by using hollow sections.G. 18. the third in the CIDECT Design Guide series.18. Simplified design proceduresand worked examples are provided for the economic use of structural hollow sections. Packer J..4) Members in Bending. 68 Pages The first of the CIDECT Design Guide series. Tables. CIDECT 1: Design Guide for Circular Hollow Section (CHS) Joints Under Predominantly Static Loading 1991 Wardenie J. 7) Bucking Length of Membersin LatticeGirders. Dutta D..6) Thin. AISC Code 240 Followingextensiveexperimentalinvestigationsand theoretical analysis. (vii) bolted connections. 10) References 18. Wardenie J.A. graphs and worked examples are provided in an easy to follow format.flattened and bracings. 3) Fabrication of Tubular Structures. All CIDECT booksare published by Verlag TUV Rheinland GmbH. (iv) multi.A. Dutta D.3) Membersin AxialCompression.. Yeomans N. Contents: 1) General...walledSections. Wardenie J. Design examples include: (i) uniplanar truss. (iii) vierendeel truss.1. (ii) arch. CIDECT 3: Design Guide for Rectangular Hollow Section (RHS) Joints Under Predominantly Static Loading 1992 Packer J. STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. This includes: (i) the various aspects of bucking based on strength limit state design principles. simple design formulae and fabrication rules are presented for adequate member/jointperformanceandfabricationeconomy of structuralsteelrectangularhollowsections(RHS).8) Examples. Contents: 1) General. CIDECT PUBLICATIONS The International Committee for the Development and Study of Tubular Structures (Comité Internationalpour le Développementetl’Etude dela Construction Tubuliare or CIDECT) wasfounded in 1962 as an international association which joins together the research resourcesof major hollowsteel section manufacturersto promote the application of hollow steel sections worldwide. They have produced a number of Design Guides which are available through the AISC. (ii) the methods to determine effective lengthsof chordsand bracing.

Klingsch W. 5) Designing Water Filled SHS.Columns for Fire Resistance. Not only do water.Columns for Fire Resistance. The simplified design method includes provisions for compression. 3) Designing Unfilled SHS. 8) Other Uniplanar Connections. 7) Symbols. Matsui C.. 4) Shear and load introduction. 6) RHS to RHS MomentConnections. Specialproblems with mono. 6) Design for seismic conditions. 7) Multiplanar Welded Connections.planar welded and bolted connections of square and rectangular hollow sections. ANNEXES I..5.planar and multi. Contents: 1) Introduction. This book investigates both traditional methods and water and concrete filled solutions. Calculation procedures for all three fire protection methods are explained and charts. 68 Pages AISC Code 280 This 5th book deals with the design of hollow sections filled with concrete. Bucak O..filled columnsrequiremarkedly lessspace butthey also add to the slim and aesthetic appearance of the construction. 9) List of Symbols.. Packer J. 4) Truss Design Examples. JUNE 2001 31 .A. 2) Fire Resistance. preloaded columns. 5) Bolted Connections. Contents: 1) Introduction.1994 Twilt L. 4) Designing Concrete Filled 18. partially filled columns and the use of special concrete are highlighted..columns. 2) Design of Tubular Structures. Yeomans N. 10) References SHS.. knee connections and plate to RHS connections. 6) Connections and Fire Resistance. 8) Design examples. EdwardsM. 9) Building Examples.Columns for Fire Resistance.. CIDECT 6: Design Guide for Structural Hollow Sections in Mechanical Applications 1995 Wardinier J. Dutta D.. A simple assessment of a water filled column structure 18. 3) Simplified design method. The book uses the limit state design method and provides a simplified method for the design of composite columns..symmetrical sections. CIDECT 5: Design Guide for Concrete Filled Hollow Section Columns Under Static and Seismic Loading . II Shear plate and shear stud design. CIDECT 4: Design Guide for Structural Hollow Section Columns Exposed to Fire . III. Hass R. N. Design graphs for unprotected concrete filled SHS. 9) Notations 18. Dutts D. Design Examples covering a steel reinforced concrete filled circular hollowsection and aconcrete filled rectangular hollow section subjected to eccentric loading are included. Contents: 1) General. 95 Pages AISC Code 270 This fourth book deals with the protection of hollow section columns exposed to fire and is based on recentand extensiveresearch..All joint strength design formulae are presented in limit states format. . One of the major advantages of hollow section columns isto make fire protection possible by using methods other than the classic addition of external coatings or materials. gusset plate connections.6. 5) Special problems. shear and combined compression/bending load cases. Possessing smaller exposed surface area to mass ratios than hot.1995 Bergmann R. Meinsma C. graphs and worked examplesare provided in aneasy tofollowformatfor various static uni. fire protection for hollow sections can be considerably more economical. 244 Pages AISC Code 290 This is the sixth book in the CIDECT Series.. Y. Tables. STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. 7) References. flange plate connections. fabrication and assembly of hollow steel sections in mechanical applications. Vierendeelconnections. and deals with the design.4. diagrams and examples provide practical assistance for design.connections). The connections considered include: welded trusses ( K. 2) Design method according to Eurocode 4.rolled sections. Dutta D. T. 3) Welded Uniplanar TrussConnections between RHS Chords and RHS or CHS Bracing members.cooled or concrete. bending. methods of fire protection unique to hollow sections are examined. 8) References.

NominalStress Ranges. A. Fatigue Damage Accumulation.5) STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. D) SCF Formulae and Graphs for CHS Joints. Assembly and Erection of Hollow Section Structures 1998 D. from a designer’s aspect. Fatigue Strength Curves. 18. van Wingerde A M. These included ski lifts. 121 Pages AISC Code 305 The objective of this eighth book is to give design recommendationsfor structural hollow sections under fatigue loading. liftshafts. Sedlacek G. There isa large number of photographs showing the varied use of hollow sections in mechanical applications. Contents:1)Introduction . 9) References. Yeomans. andemphasisisplaced on the design and detailing of bolted and welded connections to ensure adequate and economical results. 5) SCFfor RHSJoints. 3) Structural hollow section fabrication methods. Weynand K. 4) SCF Calculations for CHS Joints. Wardenier J. B. thus demonstrating the versatility of hollow steel sections.2001 Zhao.7. Hot Spot Stress Ranges.12)References.11) Listofsymbols. Contents: 1) Introduction 2) General application fields 3) Fabrication and assembly 4) Design considerationsformembers5)Designconsiderations for connections 6) Connection detailing 7) List of Symbols 8) References. B) Detailed Categoriesfor Classification Method. Dutta. Sakae.8. Apps. J. farmmachinery. K. Design information is provided on both static and fatigue behavior of members. 6) Transportation of hollowsectionsand structures. Stress Concentration Factor (SCF) Calculations. 4) Structures and subassemblies of hollow sections. note the specialised tasks of fabricators. erectors and other downstream contractors in completing the final structure.6) StructuralDetailing for Fatigue and Reinforcement.TypesofJointsandLoading. there are some particular characteristicsof hollowsectionsthatneed to be considered for structural integrity and overall economy. - 18. 2) Classification Method . Bucak. Fatigue Resistance. For weldedconnections between hollow sections need to consider the non. J. Packer J A. 2) Structural hollow section steel grades and dimensional tolerances. Partial Safety Factors. 7) Design Examples for CHS. C) Chemicalcomposition and formulae for geometrical properties of structural hollow sections. Theguide describesthe methodsand equipmentused to undertake the post. Nominal Stress Ranges. N.9)Protection againstfire. JUNE 2001 32 . 3) Hot Spot Stress Method . Fatigue Life Estimation.10)Economical aspects regarding building steel structures with hollowsections. General procedure for the fabrication and assembly of hollow section structures. O. Yeomans N F. The guide is well detailed and has many photographs and sketches to illustrate it’s aims. E) SCF Formulae and Graphs for RHS processes used on structuralsteelhollowsections. Appendices: A) Fatigue Actions.D) Minimum bending radiifor SHS& RHS for cold bending with 3. Wardenier. trailer and coach bodies. Contents: 1) Introduction.App. this design guide deals with the postdesign perspective on the use of such sections. Herion S.C) The Determination of SCFsby Testing and Finite ElementAnalysis. Hollowsections are widely used in construction and mechanicalengineering where fatigue isan essential aspectin design and fabrication.uniform stress distribution around the welded intersection and thesecondary bendingstressesinthe joint.XL. The aim of the guide is to highlight the importance of suitable design conception and. cranes and many more.Roller bender.A. Packer 171 Pages AISC Code 300 Being the seventh book in the CIDECT Construction with Hollow Steel Sections series. CIDECT 7: Design Guide for Fabrication.Detail Categories. CIDECT 8: Design Guide for Circular and Rectangular Hollow Section Welded Joints Under Fatigue Loading . Though these processes are basically the same asfor conventional open structures.7) Erection ofhollow sections and structures. 8) Protection against corrosion. Puthli R S.This is a user friendly book with many photographs and diagrams to illustrate the text. gangways. 8) Design Examples for RHS Joints.

a high strength. Additional product brochures are also supplied with the Manualwhichcan beobtained bycontacting Palmer Tube Mills(see below) or requested on.formed ERWhollow sections. RHS. specification and use of hollowsections. Bisplate 70 .low carbon.3246 2600)or fax(+61. 33 ! ! ! ! ! ! 19. Platescovered have minimum yield stresses from 415 to 690 MPa and are: ! Bisplate 60 .19. STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. JUNE 2001 . product availability (CHS. engineers. structural integrity and fatigue resistance isoutlined. Bisplate 80PV . MATERIAL & PRODUCT CATALOGUES 19. data for specific applications(pressure pipe.low carbon. Using a specially developed navigation system. low 14 pages. September 1998 This publication gives the specific mechanical and chemicalpropertiesforthe range of high strength and high hardness steels. Bisplate 80 . Palmers Tube Mills Product Manual. coatings. is easy when using the 16 pages. mass and bundling data. NSW Email: bisalloy@bisalloy.).line. the page can be printed onany printerwithoutlosingthe quality. Columns.designers. You canobtain a ProductManual.3246 Bisplate Range of Grades Published by Bisalloy Steel.ROM & Website - 19. sectionproperty data. telephone ( abrasion resistant steel plates.3. etc. Bisplate 320 for high impact abrasion. specifications. CD. Design examples of heavily loaded elements based on the American Institute of Steel Construction’s Specification for Structural Steel Buildings. SHS. low alloy..2. Bisplate 360 and 400 though hardened. The process by which Bisalloy Steels are treated to improve toughness. The Palmer Tube Mills Product Manual isavailable inarobust3. high strength structural steel with excellent cold formability and low temperature which has much more information on Palmer Tube Mills’ products and initiatives.2660). additionalsections).specifiers.for pressure vessels.ROM is filled with much detailed information on the entire Palmer product range. Trusses Published by Bisalloy Steel. Searching for information on a specific product. visit the new website at www.ringbinderfolderand containsinformationonthemanufacture ofcold.line through the website (www.7.7. processing of section ends. The ProductManualisalso suppliedin electronicformat on a CD. Design Examples: Beams. When found. fabrication information.1. Palmer Tube Mills can supply specific technical/design capacity tables and other advice on the design. low alloy plate with a high yield stress with excellent notch toughness. The and can be ordered on. good weldability and formability. material safety data sheets and details of distributors/suppliers.mail ( ”find” function of the electronic version of the ProductManual. suppliers and fabricators can access the information they need within seconds. Unanderra.ptm. Bisplate 425 and 500 through hardened plates for sliding and gouging January 1998 The current AS4100 does not cover the design of structural elements utilising high strength quenched and tempered steels. downloadedfromourwebsite orby contactingPalmer Tube Mills. NSW Email: or even a manufacturing Standard. CD. high strength structural steel which can be welded with minimum preheat and has excellent low temperature fracture toughness. Unanderra.Other links go directly to text and spreadsheet data.ptm.ROMand otherinformation by contacting ourtechnicalmarketing/salesrepresentatives via e. designed to make it easy to find information with the click ofa mouse.

gantry and portal cranes (including container cranes) (Amdt 1 9/98) 1995 Part 5: Mobile and vehicle loading cranes (Amdt 1 6/99.Commentary (for the 1998 edition of AS4100) has been published.arc welding of carbon steels and carbon. 1170. Amdt 2 8/99) Methods for fire tests on building materials.1 1993 Graphical symbols for general engineering 1391 1418 1418.manganese steels - 1163 1170 Design capacity tablesfor the DuaGal R sectionsare included aswell as technical documents providing guidance on painting and welding DuraGal R Sections.4 1210 1252 1275 20. the code was published as a second edition in 1998.1 1418. welded. hollow.5 1530 1530. components and structures 1997 Part 4: Fire. The first edition in the limit states design format was published in 1990.1999 Steelstructures. JUNE 2001 34 . Australian Standardsare availablein eitherhardcopy or downloadable PDF format (PC and Mac compatible) directly from the Standards Australia website (www. AS/NZS STANDARDS 20.3 1170. 1993(2) and with amendment 4. including thin nuts. Standards referenced in AS4100 1998 Steel structures AS4100.3 1110 1111 1112 1987 Part 3: Welding and non. It wasfollowed by amendments in 1992. Amdt 3 12/93) 1990 Part 3: Snow Loads 1993 Part 4: Earthquake loads (Amdt 1 10/94 & under review 2001) 1997 Pressure Vessels (Amdt 1 10/94) 1996 High strength steel bolts with associated nuts and washers for structural engineering 1985 Metric screw threads for fasteners (Amdt 1 8/86 reconfirmed 1990) 1991 Methods for tensile testing of metals Cranes (including hoists and winches) 1994 Part 1: General requirements 1997 Part 3: Bridge.3 1418. It provides users with section propertiesforhotrolledstructural.1.19. DuraGal R profile and rail sections.resistance tests of elements of building construction Covered electrodes for welding 1995 Part 1: low carbon steel electrodes for manualmetal.destructive examination 1995 ISO metric precision hexagon bolts and screws 1996 ISOmetric commercialhexagon bolts and screws 1996 ISO metric hexagon nuts.merchant bar. slotted nuts and castle nuts 1991 Structural steel hollow sections Minimum design loads on structures (known as the SAA Loading Code) 1989 Part 1: Dead and live loads and load combinations (Amdt 1 1/93) 1989 Part 2: Wind loads (Amdt 1 1/91.AS4100 Supplement1 . The following referenced codes have been listed in numericalorder and include noteson thepublication date and the status of any amendments. Inaddition tothe code.4 1553 1553. These propertiesare available in anon.1 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2.standards.1 This CDcontains a range of structural steelproducts manufactured and marketed by OneSteel 1101.line formatas well as in PDF format for printing.2 1170.1998isaprimaryreferencedstandardofthe Building Code of Australia. Amdt 2 1/93. OneSteel Product Catalogue Structural Steel 1101.

1 1111.ferritic steel electrodes (Amdt 1 3/92) Methods of destructive testing of welds in metal 1997 Part 2. floorplates and slabs Structural steel 1996 Part 1: Hot.2 2214 1418.18 1627 2207 2327.HB77. operation and maintenance 1994 Part 2: Design and Construction 1994 Part 3: Charges 1994 Part 4: Fasteners 1982 Steel castings 1990 Cored electrodes for arc welding .2 1554.1554 1554. stairways and ladders – design.8 PD6493 1996 Part 8: Railway Supplement 1991 Guidance on Some Methods for the Derivation of Acceptance Levels for Defects in Fusion Welded Joints.2 1996 Part 2: design loads SAA. escalators and moving walks (known as the SAA lift code) 1999 Part 1: General requirements Electrodes and fluxes for submerged.3 1873.simply supported beams Evaluation of human exposure to whole body vibration 1990 Part 1: General requirements 1990 Part 2: Continuous and shock induced vibration in buildings (1 to 80 Hz) 2717 2717. construction and installation Lifts.1 2670.held fastening tools (withdrawn) 1994 Part 1: Selection.HB77 Australian Bridge Design Code SAA.1: Transverse butt tensile test 1994 Certification of welding supervisors – Structural steel welding 1996 Composite structures .rolled steel flat products 1992 Fixed platforms. JUNE 2001 . walkways.dip zinc coated or aluminium/zinc coated 2001 Cranes runways and monorails 1997 Metal finishing.Hot.1 3600 3678 3679 3679.arc welding 1986 Part 1: Carbon steels and carbon – manganese steels (Amdt 1 10/87) Powder – actuated (PA) hand.rolled plates.2 1873.rolled unalloyed steel sheet & strip 2000 Guide to painting of buildings 1873.2 1394 1397 2000 ISO hexagon bolts.rolled bars and sections (Amdt 1 6/97.2.1 Welding – electrodes – gas metal arc 1996 Part 1: Ferritic steel electrodes 1994 Concrete Structures 1996 Structural steel – Hot. screw.Preparation and pretreatment of surfaces 1994 Non. HMSO 1994 Technical note 5 ‘Flame Cutting of Steels’ 1735.HB77.1 1873. Product grades A & B Bolts 2000 ISO hexagon bolts.dip galvanised steel bolts with associated nuts and washers for tower construction 1997 Hot. Product Grade C Bolts 2000 ISO hexagon bolts & screws.1 1554.1 1858 1858.2 1111. Amdt 2 5/2000) 1559 1594 1657 3679. Product grades A & B Screws 2000 ISO hexagon bolts & screws.2 3828 4041 1595 2311 35 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2.4 2074 2203.1 1110.5 Structural steel welding 2000 Part 1: Welding of steel structures 1993 Part 2: Stud welding (steel studs to steel) 1995 Part 5: Welding of steel structures subject to high levels of fatigue loading 1997 Hot.1 WTIA 1873 20. screws. Product grade C Screws 2001 Round steel wire for ropes 2001 Steel sheet and strip .1 2205 2205.destructive testing – Ultrasonic testing of fusion welds 1998 Guidelines for the erection of building steelwork 1998 Pressure piping 1998 Cold.1 2670 2670. Other AS/NZS Standards and Handbooks 1110.2 1735 1996 Part 2: Welded I sections (Amdt 1 9/98) SAA.

80 R4.89 R4.56 - R4.May 1998 Structural Steelwork Estimating Guide July 1998 Specification for the Fabrication.76 - STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2.92 - R4. studs 1996 Cold. All publications are available from the HERA Information Centreor availablevia theonline format www. Erection and Surface Treatment of Structural Steelwork .February 1990 Manual of Standard Connection Details for Structural Steelwork Second Edition April 1990 Notes Prepared for a Seminar on Stressed Skin Diaphragm Design and Construction .September 1988 Notes Prepared for a Seminar on Composite Floor System Design and Construction: Emphasis on In.November 1994 Fire Models for Large Firecells .July 1994 Calculation of the Design Fire Resistance of Composite Concrete Slabs with Profiled Steel Sheet Under Fire Emergency Conditions .September 1998 R4.May 1995 R4.100 StructuralSteelwork ConnectionsGuide April 1999 R4.50 Notes Prepared for a Seminar on Composite Design and Construction Volume 1 and Volume 2 .83 R4.hera.Resisting Steel Frames Incorporating Semi.the New Zealand conditions have required more stringent earthquake loading requirements. screws.60 - R4.Rigid Elastic Joints:1996/97 Research Report .July 1997 Development of Perimeter Moment. HERA STRUCTURAL PUBLICATIONS HERA(Heavy EngineeringResearch Association)is the sister organization to AISC in New Zealand.58 - R4.1 R4.101 Notes Prepared for a Seminar on the Steel Structures Standard NZS 3404:1997 February 1999 R4.3750 3774 3894 4291.96 R4.Rigid Elastic Joints: 1995/96 Research Project September 1996 HERA Fire Protection Manuals Sections 7 & 8 .79 - Report to the Heavy Engineering Research Association on the Los Angeles Earthquake January 1994 .November 1994 Structural Steelwork Limit State Design Guides Vol.88 - - 4600 4680 4792 HB2.March 1996 Development of Moment. JUNE 2001 36 .99 - R4.94 - R4.November 1996 Restraint Classification for Beam Member MomentCapacityDetermination to NZS 3404:1997 .2 HB48 HB61 R4.91 - 21. In particular.Rigid Elastic Joints: 1994/95 Research Report September 1995 Development of Moment.May 1990 Seismic Design Procedures for Steel Structures . 1 .nz.87 - R4. HERAhaspublished numerousvaluabledocuments pertaining to structuralsteeldesign.Resisting Steel Frames Incorporating Semi.September 1996 Notes Prepared for a Seminar on Design of Steel Buildings for Fire Emergency Conditions .Resisting Steel Frames Incorporating Semi.formed steel structures 1999 Galvanized (zinc) coatings on fabricated ferrous articles 1999 Galvanized (zinc) coatings on ferrous hollow section 1998 Australian standards for civil engineering students – Materials & testing 1998 Australian standards for civil engineering students – Structural engineering 1999 Steel structures design handbook 1999 Handbook of building standards extracts R4.Service Vibration . R4.Bolts.1 1995 Paints for steel structures 1996 Loads on bulk solids containers 1996 Site testing of protective coatings 2000 Mechanical properties of fasteners made of carbon steel and alloy steel.

au).New Approaches Moment Distribution Methods Steel Highway Bridges .aisc.Today and Tomorrow Car Parks Dynamic Analysis of Steel Frames Temperature Effects on Tall Steel Framed Buildings Part 1 Response of Steel Columns to Temperature Exposure Part 2 Structural Analysis Part 3 Design Considerations Innovation in Tall Buildings The Economics of Suspended Structures Exposed Steelwork for Multi. STEEL CONSTRUCTION JOURNALS The AISC has published its quarterly technical journal “SteelConstruction” since 1967.Storey Buildings Composite Steel. JUNE 2001 .A Tool for Structural Designers Residual Stresses in Steel Sections Steel Bridges .Competitive? City Buildings .First Cost or Maximum Worth? Sway in Structures Jumbo Hangars Steel on the Highway Tall Steel Buildings . 1967 Vol 1 1968 Vol 2 1969 Vol 3 1970 Vol 4 1971 Vol 5 1972 Vol 6 ISSUE No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 Special No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 No 1 No 2 No 3 1973 Vol 7 1974 Vol 8 1975 Vol 9 No No No No No No No No No No 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 TITLE A Future for Steel Structures Elastic Analysis of Eccentric Connections Massive Welded Girders Composite Construction Contemporary Research and Routine Design Welding of High Strength Steels Universal Columns in High Strength Steels Fire Protection of Steel Structures AS CAI A Review and Explanation Buckling of Plane Frames The Computer . From Volume 34.22. Number 4 (December 2000). Some copiesof mostissues are in stock. The papers are listed in the following table.Concrete Building Frame Steel Structures Code .The 1972 Version Beams and Columns by Computer Effective Lengths Steel Floors Space Frames Design of Compression Members Modern Bridges in Steel Cold Formed Members Economic Advantages of Steel Prediction of Residual Stresses / European Column Curves The 1975 Changes to AS 1250 Stiffened Compression Panels Steel Footbridges AUTHOR A Wargon H Harrison E W Phillips S G Silhan / R C Westbrook M G Lay J B Wade H B Harrison R J Bonaldi M G Lay N S Trahair P Grundy M G Lay / R Ward P Elliott F R Khan M G Lay AISC Reprint Reprint M Lowrey Reprint Reprint M J Lowrey E R McLaughlin H H West / A K Kar F R Khan / A F Nassetta P B Edwards G B Godfrey D Belford M G Lay D Batten / R Toakley M G Lay C C Resevsky Reprint B E Gorenc Reprint V R Beck Reprint J B Dwight M G Lay J B Dwight AISC 37 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER YEAR / VOL. the papers are available for members on the website (www.

A Discussion Elevated Steel Tanks Standardized Structural Connections Wall Loads in Steel Bins Fire Engineering Design Design of Fillet Weld Groups Fillet Weld Design in the AISC Standardised Structural Connections Painting Steelwork Bearing Stress and Edge Distance Plastic Design of Steel Frames CBA Centre .Five Years On Two Recent Long.Walled Beams Hollow Sections Cold.YEAR / VOL.Formed Purlins Steel Bridges Portal Frame Design Wide Span Structures Tapered Masts Composite Columns City Buildings Standardized Structural Connections . 1976 Vol 10 1977 Vol 11 1978 Vol 12 ISSUE No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 TITLE Highly Restrained Welded Connections Low Rise Industrial Structures Grandstands Crane Runway Girders Economy in Tall Buildings Decision Logic Tables and AS 1250 Bolting of Steel Structures Limit State Steel Design Code .Drury T J Hogan / I R Thomas Reprint ECCS I McKenzie / N Morrison/ R Sim T J Hogan / I R Thomas T J Hogan / I R Thomas S T Woolcock / S Kitipornchai R Q Bridge / N S Trahair J Wardenier G J Hancock A R Smith L J Morris D T Wright / R G Taylor R J Veitch R P Johnson / D G Smith A Firkins A Firkins / T J Hogan N Long G J Hancock D L Oakes R Q Bridge AISC G Riviezzi ACADS working party on Guyed Masts No 2 No 3 No 4 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 1981 Vol 15 No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1980 Vol 14 1982 Vol 16 1983 Vol 17 1984 Vol 18 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2.Formed Columns Economical Steelwork Composite Floors Fire Protective Products Curving Structural Steel Guyed Masts 1979 Vol 13 No 1 AUTHOR Reprint M G Lay Reprint B E Gorenc Reprint T J Hogan A Firkins / T J Hogan B Gorenc / T J Hogan D W Ramm A Firkins / T J Hogan / I R Thomas P C Arnold / A G McLean Reprint from Swedish Institute P Swanell T Hogan / I R Thomas P M Woods / C P Lloyd / A Pavey / M Frost.Span Steel Structures Cold.Sydney Tee Sections The 1981 Changes to AS 1250 Single Angle Struts Thin. JUNE 2001 38 .

1985 Vol 19 ISSUE No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 TITLE Tension Bracing Pin Connections Fire Testing Simulation . JUNE 2001 .Thermal Responses Fire Testing Simulation 1. Design Capacity Tables for Structural Steel . Plate Slenderness Limits AUTHOR S T Woolcock / S Kitipornchai G Riviezzi I D Bennetts / D J Proe / I R Thomas I D Bennetts / D J Proe / I R Thomas P F Dux / S Kitipornchai C I Smith S T Woolcock / S Kitipornchai J Mullins / P Saunderson D C Gillett / K B Watson R Q Bridge / N S Trahair J E Croll 1986 Vol 20 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 1987 Vol 21 1988 Vol 22 R McPharlin M Patrick / R Q Bridge R Kohoutek R K Huzzard / J W Larson S Kotwal / R Doherty P F Dux / S Kitipornchai M Patrick M Patrick S W Hasan / G J Hancock M G Stewart A Firkins / R Hemphill M Patrick F G Al.L Zhao / G J Hancock - 39 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2.Columns High Strength Quenched & Tempered Steels in Structures No issue The State Bank Centre .The Issue of Ductility Composite Beam Web Penetration Design Methods Putting Theory into Practice Plastic Bending Tests of Cold. Hints for Designers.1990 AS 4100 .Beams Under Self.Weight Lifting Design of Continuous Composite Slabs .Supported Composite Beams Serviceability Performance of Steel Joints High Rise Residential Buildings Staggered Truss System Recent Developments in Australian Standards for Steel Flat Products Stability of I. Analysis and Testing of a Static Line System Design of angles to AS 4100 .Bermani / S Kitipornchai P H Dayawansa / C C Goh / R Wilkie P H Dayawansa / C C Goh / I D Bennetts A A Syam A J May A A Syam 1989 Vol 23 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 1990 Vol 24 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 1991 Vol 25 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 X.A Concept in Steel The Structural Steel Fabricator in Sub.Contract Ductility of Simply.1900.A Quick Access Guide RHS Tubular Sections Grade C450. Overall Behaviour Buckling of Braced Beams Structural Steel Fire Protection Portal Frame Deflections Steel Construction in Canada Developments in Steel High Rise Construction in Australia Limit State Design Rules for Steel Beam.Formed Rectangular Hollow Sections Safe Load Tables and the Human Dimension Fabrication Cost of Structural Steelwork A New partial Shear Connection Strength Model for Composite Slabs Predicting the Ultimate Structural Behaviour of Transmission Towers Construction Safety.YEAR / VOL. Mechanical Response 2.1990 Hints for Designers Steel Headframes for Mines AS 4100 .

An Introduction for the Practising Engineer Structural Analysis to AS 4100 . Introduction to Methods of Analysis in AS 4100 .Supported Composite Beams .Braced Frame Tests on Static Line Systems Design of Tapered Haunched Universal Section Members in Portal Frame Rafters Occupational health and safety: Best practice study of erection of steelwork at Sydney showground – Homebush Bay No 3 No 4 1993 Vol 27 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 No 1 No 2 AUTHOR A Syam A J O’Meagher / I D Bennetts / P H Dayawansa / I R Thomas I R Thomas / I D Bennetts / D J Proe S P Pikusa / M A Bradford N S Trahair / T J Hogan / A A Syam M Patrick N S Trahair S Parsanejad A A Syam / T Hogan M Patrick / P H Dayawansa/ R Wilkie / K B Watson J W Woodside 1994 Vol 28 G L Hutchinson / L Pham / J L Wilson R Q Bridge G J Hancock G J Hancock J D Holmes / M J Syme J Petrolito / K A Legge N van der Kreek Edited by A A Syam AISC M Patrick / P H Dayawansa / I Eadie / K B Watson / N van der Kreek N S Trahair / Y L Pi K B Watson / S Dallas / N van der Kreek / T Main R A Francis X L Zhao / G J Hancock / R Sully P McBean P H Dayawansa / R Ralph TJ Hogan / AA Syam John Holland Construction & Engineering Pty Ltd and WorkCover NSW No 3 1995 Vol 29 No 4 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 1996 Vol 30 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 1997 Vol 31 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2.Beams Costing of Steelwork from Feasibility through to Completion An Update on the Corrosion Process and Protection of Structural Steelwork Design of Tubular Members and Connections using Amendment Number 3 to AS 4100 Australia’s First Seismic Resistant Eccentrically. Paper 1.An Introduction.1990 Paper 2.Base Haunched Gable Frame Design Capacity Tables for Structural Steel Partial Shear Strength Design of Simply. Second Order Elastic Analysis Solution Technique Wind Loads on Steel.Supported Beams Simplified Torsion Design of Compact I. Part 1 Background to the New Loading Code – Minimum Design Loads on Structures AS 1170 Part 4: Earthquake loads Earthquake Resistant Design of Steel Structures .YEAR / VOL. 1992 Vol 26 ISSUE No 1 No 2 TITLE Beam Formulae Design of Single Storey Industrial Buildings for Fire Resistance Design of Steel Structures for Fire Resistance in Accordance with AS 4100 An Approximate Simple Plastic Analysis of Portal Frame Structures Design of Unbraced Beams Testing and Design of Bondek II Composite Slabs for Vertical Shear Design of Unbraced Cantilevers Deflections in Pinned.Draft Revision of AS 2327. Part 1: Simply.Framed Low. Elastic Method of Analysis of Rigid Jointed Frames Including Second Order Effects Paper 3. JUNE 2001 40 .Rise Buildings Benchmarks for Nonlinear Elastic Frame Analysis Steel Lateral Load Resisting Systems for Buildings of up to 8 Levels A Guide to the Requirements for Engineering Drawings of Structural Steelwork Australian Composite Structures Standard AS 2327.

1998 Vol 32 ISSUE No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 TITLE Design and documentation deficiency and its impacton steel construction Innovative tied portal steel structure achieves a world first Inorganic zinc or galvanizing: choosing the ideal corrosion protection for structural steel Full scale experiments of a steel portal frame building Occupational health and safety: Welding fume minimisation guidelines The evolution of Australian Material Standards for structural steel The evolution of Australian Material Standards for Pressure Vessel Plate Steel stocked in Australia – A Summary for designers of heavy steelwork Information technology in the Australian Steel construction industry Australia’s grand stadia: Stadium Australia. documentation and litigation Engineering documentation standards Spencer Street Footbridge .out failures - AUTHOR P A Tilley A N Pollard R A Francis T J Heldt / M Mahendran A A Syam / G Saunders G Rhyder / A Forbes / S Kotwal S Kotwal R Keays P Burns D McDonald / M Sheldon R Sheldon G F Barker N S Trahair Galvanizers Association of Australia L Wilson P A Tilley / S L McFallan / S N Tucker A Baigent P Cocciardi B McNiven E Zyhajlo S Fernando M Mahendran 1999 Vol 33 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 2000 Vol 34 No 1 No 2 No 3 No 4 2001 Vol 35 No 1 41 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER 2. JUNE 2001 . Colonial Stadium Assessment of existing structures: A strength limit state appraisal of hot driven rivets Lateral buckling design of portal frame rafters Design details for after fabrication galvanized structures Engineering documentation standards Incomplete documentation: Is there a problem Design and documentation quality and itsimpact on the construction process Engineers.YEAR / VOL.Case Study Brief Comments on Engineering Documentation Standards An Engineering insight into the fundamentalbehaviour of tensile bolted joints Design of steel roof and wall cladding systems for pull. Australian Stainless Steel Development Association Rawlinsons Construction Cost Guide Japanese Society of Steel Construction British Standards Institute Australian Earthquake Engineering Society Heavy Engineering Research Association International Standards Organization Roads and Traffic Authority Australasian Wind Engineering Society American Society of Civil Engineers Blast Cleaning and Coating Association of Australia American Society for Testing and Materials Society for Protective Coatings www.asn.aisc.cis.iso.or. Organizations Ajax Fasteners Institution of Engineers Australia Association of Consulting Engineers Galvanizers Association of Australia South African Iron and Steel Institute Fielders Steel Roofing Palmer Tube Mills Iron and Steel Institute of Japan Institution of Mechanical Engineers American Welding Society American Institute of Steel Construction Australian Building Codes Board Master Builders Australia Corrosion Prevention Centre Singapore Structural Steel Society w International Iron and Steel Institute Building Science Forum of Australia Finnish Constructional Steelwork Association Institute of Industrial Engineers Lincoln Electric National Asssociation of Steel Framed Housing National Institute of Steel Detailing ( BHP Billiton www.) NATSPEC Institute of Civil Engineers( American National Standards Institute STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER Australian Institute of Steel Construction Building Innovation and Construction Technology European Convention for Constructional Steelwork Bisalloy British Constructional Steelwork Association National Association of Testing Authorities Australia www. JUNE 2001 42 .) New Zealand Standards OneSteel Australasian Corrosion Association Integrated Technical Software Cordell Building Information Services Building Research Association of New Zealand WEBSITES International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering Institution of Structural Engineers OHS Royal Australian Institute of Architects American Iron and Steel Institute

) Construct in Steel Corrosion Management Engineering Journal (U.) Engineers Australia Hot Dip Galvanizing International Journal of Steel Structures Journal of Constructional Steel Research Journal of Structural Engineering ASCE ( JUNE 2001 .pacificcomputing. Sites Referenced in this Paper AEC Systems AISC BHP Bisalloy Engineering Software Solutions Engineering Systems Fielders G & D Computing Graham Group HERA Industrial Galvanisers Integrated Technical Software LIMSTEEL Lysaght OneSteel Palmer Tube Mills Standards Australia Stramit STRUCAD Welding Technology Institute of Australia www.usyd.2.) New Civil Engineer International ( 23.ess.) 43 STEEL CONSTRUCTION VOLUME 35 NUMBER www.) Structural Engineering International (Brussells) TAS (Australian Standard) Welding Journal (U. Journals Received by AISC Library for Benefit of Members Arup Journal ASTM Standardization News Australasian Welding Journal Australian Building News Australian Civil Engineering Transactions Australian Concrete Construction Building Australia Building Economist Civil Engineering ( distributor Email: acecad@it.sria.bhpsteel.bisalloy.) Journal of Structural Engineering (Madras) Metal Working Australia Modern Steel Construction ( www.) Nickel Steel & Composite Structures Steel Construction Steel Construction ( East Asia Iron and Steel Institute Southern African Institute of Steel Construction Standards Australia Steel Construction Institute ( www.) New Steel Construction ( www.) Steel in Focus Steel Profile Steel Structures Steel Today and Tomorrow (Japan) Structural Engineer ( www.) Steel Institute of Australia Steel Reinforcement Institute of Australia Surface Coatings Association Australia Swedish Institute of Steel Construction Swiss Institute of Steel Construction Welding Technology Institute of Australia www.standards.

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