Concept of "Halal" and Haram In Islam

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Author
Ahmad Sajjad Shabbir
MS Banking &Finance PGD Islamic Finance

...................................................Contents Introduction ............................................................................................ 3 Ahadith of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) on Prohibition of Haram ............................................................ 3 Pursuits of Halal Wealth ................................................................. 4 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3 Verses of Quran on Prohibition of Haram........

narcotics. its payer. the Prophet of Islam.Muslim) Jabir reported that the messenger of Allah cursed the devourer of usury. (Abu Daud) Jabir reported that the messenger of Allah«. (Abu Daud) . Verses of Quran on Prohibition of Haram O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and wholesome in the earth. dead animals. Unlawful means of earning are strictly forbidden and a follower of Islam is permitted to earn through lawful and fair means. bribery. it is no sin for him. Lo! he is an open enemy for you..forbade the sale of wine. In fact the foundations of the Islamic economy have been laid on this concept. things that promote obscenity and vulgarity. And he said that they are equal (in sins). Similarly in the field of consumption certain items of food are unlawful such as dead animals. He hath forbidden you only carrion.. making his journey long and extending his hands towards heaven: O Lord! O Lord! while his food was unlawful.Introduction Islam has introduced concept of Halal (lawful) and Haram (unlawful) in its economic system.Muslim) Abdullah-bin-Amr reported that the messenger of Allah prohibited intoxicants. debauchery. Even expenses on certain items such as drinks. prostitution. Now let us glance through relevant verses of the Quran and Ahadith of Muhammad (PBUH). How he can be responded for that? (Muslim) Abu Masud Al Ansari reported that the messenger of Allah forbade the price of dogs. and render thanks to Allah if it is (indeed) He Whom ye worship. and blood. (Bukhari. his dress unlawful and he was nourished with unlawful things. speculation. earnings of prostitute and foretelling of a soothsayer. Certain means of earning livelihood and wealth have been declared unlawful such as interest. (2:188) Ahadith of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) on Prohibition of Haram Abu Hurairah reported that the messenger of Allah said: Verily Allah is pure. (Bukhari.Then he mentioned about a man disheveled in hair and laden with dust. his drink unlawful. neither craving nor transgressing. to highlight in brief the concept of halal and haram. and follow not the footsteps of the devil. card-playing and Gobairah and he said: Every intoxicant is unlawful. But he who is driven by necessity. business malpractices. its scribe. games of chance. pornography. and swine flesh. blood. lotteries and gambling are strictly inadmissible. and its two witnesses. This concept reigns supreme in the realm of production as well as consumption. He does not accept but what is pure «. (2:172-173) And eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity. (Muslim) Abdullah-bin-Amr reported that the messenger of Allah cursed the bribe taker and the bribe giver. Merciful. short weighing and short measuring. Lo! Allah is Forgiving. (2:168) O ye who believe! Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you. nor seek by it to gain the hearing of the judges that ye may knowingly devour a portion of the property of others wrongfully. pigs and idols««. and that which hath been immolated to (the name of) any other than Allah. swine flesh and animals slaughtered in the name other than that of Allah. etc. gambling and games of chance.

He wipes out evil with good. he will soon consume that which is harâm. the status of this fard is less than that of the other farâ'id which form part of the pillars of Islam. In-between these two. 5. It is necessary to safeguard oneself from haraam wealth and essential to exercise extreme caution in this regard. it is the heart. and the abundance of wealth makes one prone to committing sins. Beware. Without doubt. Instead. This means that although it is fard to earn halâl wealth. Nor should one show any contempt for any occupation or menial job.e. At no time should Muslims turn towards haraam earnings. numerous evils are born in the soul. etc." 2. Fat was made harâm upon them. the entire body will be sound. All they are interested in is acquiring wealth irrespective of how it is obtained while the pious servants of Allah used to regard doubtful wealth with abhorrence. harâm wealth does not wipe out sins. One should always be cautious in acquiring halâl wealth. 6." From here we can deduce the serious nature of doubtful wealth. Dâ¶ûd µalayhis salâm used to earn with his own hands. The import of the Hadith is that people should not burden others and should not beg from others as long as there is no alternative which has been recognized as such by the Sharîµah. Allah does not wipe out evil with evil. Hadith Two: Rasûlullâh sallallâhu µalayhi wa sallam said: "No person has partaken of a meal better than that which he has eaten through the earning of his own hands. halâl) and do good deeds. he should not unnecessarily seek more wealth out of greed." And He addressed the believers saying: "O you who believe! Eat of the pure things which We have provided for you. Without doubt. By consuming haraam wealth. The person who abstains from these doubtful things has in fact safeguarded his Dîn and his honour. Once a person has acquired sufficient wealth. In fact. e. It is highly possible that he will very soon fall into that sanctuary. Hadith One: It is mentioned in a Hadith that to earn halâl wealth is a fard after other farâ'id. every king has a sanctuary. business. As for the one who consumes the doubtful things. if it is sound." Hadith Six: It is mentioned in a Hadith that Rasûlullâh sallallâhu µalayhi wa sallam said: "May Allah destroy the Jews. Hadith Three: It is mentioned in a Hadith that Allah is tayyib and that He only accepts that which is tayyib. it is fard to earn halâl wealth after other farâ'id which are the pillars of Islam." Hadith Seven: Rasûlullâh sallallâhu µalayhi wa sallam said: "It is not possible for a person to earn harâm wealth. there is a piece of flesh in the body. Allah has commanded the believers with that which He commanded the prophets.Pursuits of Halal Wealth 1. one should engage in some occupation. Similar to the shepherd who grazes his flock around the sanctuary of a king. 3.g. he will enter hell. Nor is it possible for him to leave it behind and expect it to be a source of provision for him in the future. . and the sanctuary of Allah is all those things which He has made harâm. but they melted it and sold it. and should not be a burden to others." This means that it is best for one to earn with one's own hands. Behold. Nor is it possible for him to spend such earnings and expect to receive any blessings in it." Hadith Four: µAbdullah bin Mubârak rahmatullâhi µalayh says: "I prefer returning one dirham which is doubtful than giving 600 000 dirhams in charity. 7. fasting. It is not fard on the person who has acquired sufficient wealth to seek more wealth. give it in charity. nor should he unnecessarily try to increase his wealth. Hadith Five: It is mentioned in a Hadith that Rasûlullâh sallallâhu µalayhi wa sallam said: "The halâl is clear and the harâm is clear. it should be clearly understood that the greed to increase wealth is something that causes one to be neglectful of Allah. This is what destroys man. the entire body will be unsound. But if it is unsound. Allah addressed the prophets saying: "O prophets! Eat that which is pure (i. In other words. 4. and expect to receive any reward for it. Without doubt. Instead. such as salât. It is extremely sad that today people do not even give up haraam wealth. there are many doubtful things. etc. Behold.

this slave brought something and Abû Bakr radiyallâhu µanhu ate it. First of all. Although the person will absolve himself of this duty. I did not know this art (of fortune telling) very well. . Fear Allah and try to restrict yourself in seeking your sustenance. our acts of µibâdah are not offered in the proper manner. Allah will forgive him and he will be safe from the punishment which has been mentioned in the Hadîth." 8. Abû Bakr radiyallâhu µanhu used to consume this income. as a precaution and out of complete piety. However. Such wealth should therefore be abstained from. there is the possibility and fear of committing sins. it is permissible and halâl to eat and wear expensive food and clothing. Piety and righteousness demands that such food and clothing be abstained from. By consuming it. And those that are offered go to waste in this way (by harâm wealth). 10. Hadith Twelve: It is mentioned in a Hadîth that Rasûlullâh sallallâhu µalayhi wa sallam said: "There isn't anything which will take you near to jannah and keep you away from jahannam except that I have ordered you to do it. For example. there is a great possibility that one will lose control over one's nafs and thereby fall into harâm. irrespective of whether it be your sustenance or anything else. We should fear Allah in this regard. there is still the possibility of falling into sin. Therefore. In other words. a person who devours harâm will not enter jannah without expiating for his sins. What answer will we give to Allah on the day of judgement and how will we bear the severe punishment? 12. Jibra¶îl has informed me that no person will die until his sustenance has been completed for him even though he may receive it late. If he repents for his sins before his death and fulfils the rights of those whom he owes. This person met me and gave me that which you ate as a compensation for the information that I had given him. even such halâl wealth should not be consumed nor should such halâl activity be carried out. This does not mean that he will never enter jannah like the kuffâr. The slave then asked him: "Do you know what you ate?" Abû Bakr radiyallâhu µanhu asked: "What was it?" He replied: "In the times of jâhilîyyah (days of ignorance or pre-Islamic era) I had given certain information to a person according to the rules and regulations of the fortunetellers. while others are merely permissible. by turning one's attention towards the latter and consuming such wealth. And we know that the means to an evil is also considered to be an evil. Instead. That which you have eaten is actually what he gave me. One day. Hadith Ten: µÂ¶ishah radiyallâhu µanhâ narrates that Abû Bakr radiyallâhu µanhu had a slave who used to give him khirâj. there are certain things which are absolutely halâl." Upon hearing this. he expelled everything from his stomach as it would have been impossible to expel only that which was given by this slave. Abû Bakr radiyallâhu µanhu inserted his hand down his throat and vomited everything that was in his stomach.Hadith Eight: It is mentioned in a Hadîth that the flesh which has been brought up and nurtured with harâm wealth will not enter jannah. there is the possibility and fear of committing a crime. Don't ever allow a delay in receiving your sustenance from seeking something through the disobedience of Allah. Even if he did not vomit it out. Hadith Eleven: It is mentioned in a Hadîth that a person who purchases a garment for 10 dirhams and one dirham from it was harâm. he would not have been committing any sin. he will be punished for his sins and eventually admitted into jannah. I deluded this person into believing whatever I had told him. 9. he will not receive the full reward for his salât. Allah will not accept his salât as long as he is wearing that garment. However. It is makrûh to consume wealth that is doubtful. And all such flesh is most suitable for jahannam. In other words. And there isn't anything which will distance you from jannah and take you closer to jahannam except that I have prohibited you from doing it. This is because although there is no sin in engaging in such halâl activity or consuming such halâl wealth. But because by one becoming pre-occupied in such luxuries beyond the limits. 11. Hadith Nine: It is mentioned in a Hadîth that a person will not be a complete believer until he abandons those things in which there is no fear (of it being harâm) because of something in which there is fear. if he dies a Muslim but was involved in devouring harâm wealth. In other words. Other acts could also be based on this. This is because it is the grand status of Allah that nothing can be attained from Him through disobedience.

Hadith Nineteen: Rasûlullâh sallallâhu µalayhi wa sallam said: "O traders! Without doubt. However. it is reprehensible to engage in foolish talk and to take too many oaths. it has been revealed to me that I should glorify Allah. 17. and so that it may also remove the filth and grime that may have accumulated in your heart because of this. then this virtue in itself is very great. He does not have so much of time nor the opportunity wherein he can keep his clothes clean. dirty clothes. Hadith Eighteen: Rasûlullâh sallallâhu µalayhi wa sallam said: "The businessman who is honest in his dealings and trustworthy will be with the prophets. Hadith Sixteen: Jâbir radiyallâhu µanhu narrates that Rasûlullâh sallallâhu µalayhi wa sallam said: "May Allah have mercy on the person who is lenient and soft-hearted when he sells something. business is a great source of income. We know for sure that his duµâ will be accepted. 18. However." Glory be to Allah! How great it is to display leniency and soft-heartedness at the time of buying. business is such a thing that a lot of foolish talk takes place and many oaths are taken. This is because too many oaths cause the goods to become popular among the people (and because of these oaths they begin attaching value to the goods). praise Him. 14. one will still be rewarded for this leniency and soft-heartedness. Hadith Thirteen: Rasûlullâh sallallâhu µalayhi wa sallam said: "Out of ten parts. purchases something. and when he asks for repayment of loans given. and who does not worry about what he is wearing. do not occupy yourself in this world more than necessary because it is wâjib on everyone to make arrangements for living according to necessity only (and not more)." In other words. nine parts of one's sustenance is in business. he should wear clean and simple clothes. Hadith Fifteen: Rasûlullâh sallallâhu µalayhi wa sallam said: "It was not revealed to me that I should gather wealth or that I should become a businessman. You should therefore opt for it. siddîqîn." In other words. Hadith Fourteen: It is mentioned in a Hadîth that Allah befriends a believer who is hard working and who is a tradesman.13." 19. selling and asking for repayment of loans given that Rasûlullâh sallallâhu µalayhi wa sallam is making a special duµâ for such a person. 20. Hadith Seventeen: Rasûlullâh sallallâhu µalayhi wa sallam said: "Be cautious of taking too many oaths when selling anything. be of those who prostrate to Him and that I engage in His µibâdah until death overtakes me. Therefore include charity in it." In other words. If this was the only virtue of displaying leniency and there was no other reward. In other words. 15. because of his hard work and toiling. . and martyrs on the day of judgement. As for the person who has the power of tawakkul and fulfils all the conditions of tawakkul. 16. Hadith Twenty: It is mentioned in a Hadîth that the businessmen will rise as sinners and shameless persons on the day of judgement except for that businessman who feared Allah and spoke the truth. It would therefore be appropriate for the traders and businessmen to act upon this Hadith and thereby make themselves eligible for the duµâ of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu µalayhi wa sallam. he wears ordinary. such a person can leave all the occupations of this world and occupy himself with theoretical (µilmi) and practical (µamali) µibâdah. The person who did not commit any sin in his transactions will be saved from this calamity. You should therefore give in charity so that it may be an expiation for those oaths and indiscreet conversations which you may unwittingly engage in. As for the person who is not forced to do so. This results in a lack of barakah and one is thereby deprived of any profits both in this world and in the hereafter.

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