POLITEKNIK SULTAN SALAHUDDIN ABDUL AZIZ SHAH 1 KEJURUTERAAN BEKALAN AIR & AIR SISA | C5305

Index

No. Contents

Page

1

Index

1

2

Introduction

2

3

Leak Noise Sounding Corelator

3

4

Conclusion

8

5

Reference

9

6

Appendix

10

or in a service line. The user normally has to input the size and type of pipe as well as the distances of the loggers from each other. Most leak correlators serve two major purposes. . Most correlators can also analyze the sound levels and sound frequencies to determine other information about the leak such as the size and severity of the leak or whether it's on the pipe. Many standard pipe sizes have known speeds of sound which can be used for the correlation calculation. First to detect the presence of a leak.POLITEKNIK SULTAN SALAHUDDIN ABDUL AZIZ SHAH 2 KEJURUTERAAN BEKALAN AIR & AIR SISA | C5305 Introduction Leak correlators require accurate information on the materials in which the leak sound is traveling in order to do an accurate correlation. the speed of sound through the materials will have to be calculated on site to get an accurate leak correlation. a valve or hydrant. If the materials are unknown. second to pinpoint the location of the leak for repair when detected.

ALM leak Detection uses a surface microphone. The sound data is processed through a mathematical algorithm which compares or correlates the speed of sound that the leak noise travels from the point of the leak to each of the sensors. The correlation can then be used to determine the location of the leak. . The noise is detected at two separate points. hydrants. The leak noise takes longer to travel to the microphone furthest from the source. a computer leak correlator sound sensor. A leak noise correlator is an electronic device used for Leak Detection and as a leak locator to find leaks in pressurized water lines. meters) by highly sensitive microphones. and accelerometers that are placed at two or more places in contact with the pipe to detect and record sound emitted by leaks.POLITEKNIK SULTAN SALAHUDDIN ABDUL AZIZ SHAH 3 KEJURUTERAAN BEKALAN AIR & AIR SISA | C5305 Leak Noise Sounding Corelator A leak in a pipe under pressure creates noise that travels through the pipe walls. (water valves.

Various Pipe Materials Transmit Sound Differently.POLITEKNIK SULTAN SALAHUDDIN ABDUL AZIZ SHAH 4 KEJURUTERAAN BEKALAN AIR & AIR SISA | C5305 Water Leaks Create Different Sounds. . factors that impact sound transmission Water Leaks create different sounds. Water leaking from an underground pipe normally generates an audible sound due to the water pressure. This leakage sound contains four elements: y y y y Water flow sound Impact sound Friction sound of the water against the pipe Pipe vibration sound Sounds from water leaks: transmission through pipe walls and soil. Sound Intensity Increases with Water Pressure. Higher Frequencies are More Attenuated (Absorbed) in Soil than Lower Frequencies.

Water Leak Pinpointing y y y Only after performing surveys. curb stops. etc. meters. and other exposed sections / fittings. machinery Water Leak Surveys and Water Leak Pinpointing. Water Leak Surveys y y Listen at hydrants. buildings. highways. Between two loudest fittings (hydrants. y y y y y Water Pressure in Pipe Type of pipe material and pipe diameter Soil Type and Soil Compaction Ground Surface for microphone: concrete versus sod Extraneous noises: wind. Valves. meters.) Directly over top of line. 2. No sounds at all: then no leak nearby. 1.POLITEKNIK SULTAN SALAHUDDIN ABDUL AZIZ SHAH 5 KEJURUTERAAN BEKALAN AIR & AIR SISA | C5305 What Affects Leak Sounds & Our Ability to hear them. LEAK SURVEY at Meters Water Leak Pinpointing .

1.POLITEKNIK SULTAN SALAHUDDIN ABDUL AZIZ SHAH 6 KEJURUTERAAN BEKALAN AIR & AIR SISA | C5305 What are Sounds of Leaks Like? 1. "Click. click. crop leak or small leak: "hiss". 4. Good water pressure. Last for many years: 10-15 years life expectancy. Pipe resonance noises (i. Intermittent and on again / off again noises: not a leak.. 6. 6. Practice required to lean leak sounds and techniques. 2. always very constant.5m for pinpointing. "um and ringing´: transformers.e. "hiss" or "whoosh"). Pretty easy to operate. Maintenance free and pretty reliable (Don't drop the sensor!). 4. 3. Maximum depth for pinpointing: 1 to 1. main break or big leak: "whoosh". Not too expensive. Pinpointing over soft or grass cover more difficult. 8. Very close to leak (15-20 feet during pinpointing): rapid "thumping" noises of water against soil in cavity or "clink. Pinpointing is sometimes possible only at night. Good water pressure. Can be used inside of buildings for leaks inside of walls and under floors (turn off HVAC system and other building noises). 1. 3. click´: meter turning (not a leak). motors. Almost never wrong: where leak is loudest is almost always where leak is located. 5. 3. Water splashing on the pipe: may be close to leak or may be water traveling along pipe for long distance. . 2. 7. 2. Disadvantage of Accoustic Leak Detector. clink" of small stones bouncing off pipe. 5. 4. Advantage of an Accoustic Leak Detector. or gas lines.

meters. y y y For 13mm to 150mm PVC pipe. (Max distance between points 150m). listen at EVERY curb stop. Between two loudest fittings (hydrants. No Leak nearby. y y y Listening at Meter by FSB-8D. valve.POLITEKNIK SULTAN SALAHUDDIN ABDUL AZIZ SHAH 7 KEJURUTERAAN BEKALAN AIR & AIR SISA | C5305 Water Leak Surveys: How to do them? y y y For most complete surveys. listen at hydrants and at a curb stop/meter between them (max distance between points: 100m). For 150mm and larger PVC pipe. For AC pipe. hydrant. (Max distance between points 100m).). Only after performing surveys. etc. etc. When listening at curb stops/meter boxes. Directly over top of line. listen at hydrants or Meters every 100 to 200m. Water Leak Pinpointing: How to do it. . For iron and steel lines. y No Leak Sounds? Then. meter. pick side of street with shorter length services.

but the use of up-to-date technology and methodology can ease the entire process. each aspect becomes more efficient ± and the whole benefits greatly as a result. before the best approach to tackle them can be chosen.POLITEKNIK SULTAN SALAHUDDIN ABDUL AZIZ SHAH 8 KEJURUTERAAN BEKALAN AIR & AIR SISA | C5305 Conclusion Simply throwing resources at issues such as pressure management and active leak control is one way of improving those aspects of water loss management. Gathering information is the first step in identifying how any problems can be best resolved. This is particularly evident in largely automated (typically computerised) systems. and even more limited in its efficiency. however such a brute force effort is always going to be limited in its scope for effectiveness. . Training and information sharing at all levels of service is essential to achieving success. and personal experience is still invaluable to a leakage engineer. By separating and specialising responsibilities not just between people but also by sharing them with technological systems. When time and resources have gone into building an effective system ± any system ± those investments are saved many times over when the system is implemented. where the burden of processing is placed with devices specially designed to do them.

POLITEKNIK SULTAN SALAHUDDIN ABDUL AZIZ SHAH 9 KEJURUTERAAN BEKALAN AIR & AIR SISA | C5305 Reference http://en.html http://www.com/howto/Howtofindleaks.fujitecom.net/water-main-leak-detection.html http://halmapr.wikipedia.almleakdetection.html http://www.com/howto/FSB8D.org/wiki/Leak_noise_correlator http://www.com/news/hwm/water-lost-is-water-wasted-%E2%80%93-working-with-thewater-loss-task-force/ .fujitecom.

POLITEKNIK SULTAN SALAHUDDIN ABDUL AZIZ SHAH 10 KEJURUTERAAN BEKALAN AIR & AIR SISA | C5305 Appendix .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful