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Packages Limited

Packages ltd

1 Introduction

Overview of the Organization:
Packages Limited is the outcome of an idea to develop and build local skill and competence in sophisticated packaging industry based upon indigenous raw material and talent. It started its business/production in May 1957, as a private Limited company with a total of about 300 employees. Initially the emphasis was on conversion business and raw material was purchased from outside. Encouraged by the response and confidence reposed by the industry at large, in 1965 it was decided to convert the organization into a Public Limited Company. It was soon realized that self- sufficiency in all the raw materials was a pre- requisite for maintaining growth. Accordingly in 1968 a 24,000 tones pulp, paper and board Mill was built and integrated into packaging plant. After the modernization and balancing of the machinery in the paper and board Mill its capacity has been increased to 50,000 tones per year. It is also manufacturing and selling varieties of tissue under the brand name of Rose Petal.

ABN Packaging International. and personal use. sale. It is fully integrated into government. industry. The form and shape of nature s packaging varies from rigid to flexible. and end use. logistics. Kuwait. Somalia and Nigeria where packaging companies required assistance in running and managing their operations. Adamjee Paper & Board Mills Ltd. informs. Packages Limited has also provided technical assistance to Tetra Pack for general packaging in . Packaging contains.2 Packages Limited With more than 50% of the total share in the industry. Management and Technology was sent to Tanzania. Packaging can be described as a coordinated system of preparing goods for transport. The classic example of nature s packaging is an egg. Packages Limited remains unrivalled among all of its competitors like Century Paper Mills. Indonesia. Packages limited have extended its expertise to a number of Third World countries in the 1972. Basically. Arsam Pulp & Paperboard Industries etc. 2 Reasons for selecting the organization y Most of the people do not have the information regarding this manufacturing company y Largest paper and paper products manufacturing company in Pakistan y It is the only paper and paper products manufacturing company that is currently representing Pakistan abroad y It is listed on all the four stock exchange markets of Pakistan 3 Nature Of organization Packages is a manufacturing business entity. Saudi Arabia. warehousing. In manufacturing it is renowned specifically for its unique ideology behind packaging. It seems that the earliest cues were provided by the nature. Company chose this business because the evaluation of packaging in essence is the evaluation of mankind. Packages Limited is the industry leader. . business. preserve. protects. It can be thus safely assumed that in this regard. institutional. simple to complex. and sells. transports.

Russia and looking forward to expanding its horizons for more multicultural experiences. 4 Organizational structure Board of director Chairman Executive board Advisor Managing director General manager Project director BSMP Deputy GM Mill manager Marketing manager Sales and product manager Finance manager Technical manager ERP manager R&D manager Liasion and admin manager BU carton Flexible Consumer product CSD manager Commercial Sales and inventory Rubber manager QC manger Group brand IR manager HRD manager Manager tissues IP manager I/C CPD production .3 Packages Limited Kuban.

4 Packages Limited 5 SWOT analysis 5.1 Strengths y y y y y y y y y y y y y Well organized and highly motivated labour Willing to work long hours Decentralized to a greater extent Strong marketing penetration Market leadership in own brand of rose petal Increasing domestic market having demand for both low end and high end markets Staff is experienced and knowledgeable in their daily routine tasks Dedicated to expansion and convenience Location is a competitive strength Raw materials available Infrastructure available Market leaders Raw materials available both locally and internationally 5.2 Weaknesses y y y y y y y y y y y No application of new management Poor marketing compaigns Lack of innovation and creativity to pace with changing market demands Lack of online marketing for international users In most cases staff feel injustice regarding promotions Staff require better environment and compensation and benefits Relocation of new projects to employees out of city Availability of skilled labor in new projects High rate of contamination Traditional designing No innovation in consumer products .

5 Packages Limited 5.3 Opportunities y Large horizon in foreign markets for both consumer carton line and corrugated y Adaptation of new technologies like Lemanic y Technology for recycling of waste y Speedy and in time dispatching y Safe delivery 5. The paper industry has been insensitive to these factors until recently and same has been the case for Packages.4 Threats y y y y y y y y y y Broad target market Global competition Emerging competitors in the same business sector High quality standards Shifting trend from carton line to flexible packaging Rising trend of global access through online system Booming changes in computer systems Delivery of raw material in time High custom duties on raw materials Local market penetration by regional competitors 6 PEST analysis Political and legal environment has the following factors: 6.1 ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS Paper industry is one the most pollution causing industry in Pakistan. In Pakistan many people are becoming more conscious about environmental factors that is why the rules and regulations of the government are getting . The effluent that flows out of the production processes contains toxic chemicals that can cause damage to crops. In the last few years there has been growing concern about environmental damage caused by industrial production processes all over the world.

to import paper from India can have serious complications for the paper industry Packages produce most of the paper they require themselves. The available purchasing power in an economy depends upon current income. DEVALUATION OF RUPEE Since Packages imports a lot of chemicals and machinery so any devaluation tremendously increases the operating and fixed costs. a threat to the undemocratic Govt.6 Packages Limited more and more strict day by day and Packages is facing some problems related to their processes. prices. HIGH INFLATION High inflation also reduces the purchasing power of the customers. debt and credit availability. For example 1. In Pakistan the inflation rate has been in the double digits for the last many . 2. Governments have also used import duty on imported paper (newsprint) to pressurize newspaper industry. 3. 1. 3. Followings are the major influencing factors of paper industry. As far as the paper industry is concerned there are serious implications for Government policies. Marketers must pay close attention to major trends in income and patterns in consumer spending.2 STABLE GOVERNMENTS Too often turmoil in the Government causes uncertainty in the Government policies and are often viewed as not favorable for the market. 6. Throughout the history of Pakistan the governments have not allowed any manufacturing for newsprint paper fearing that it would cause growth in the Newspaper industry. HIGH INTEREST RATES Inflated interest rates reduce the buying power and obtaining loan becomes expensive which affects the industry adversely. 2. savings.3 ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT Market requires purchasing power as well as people. 6. In Pakistan. but these implications have adverse effects as a whole. In future the decision of the Govt.

Zafar M 31000 Operator 2 2 Naveed Iqbal M 35000 Sales manager 3 3 Nadeem Qayum M 35000 Sales manager 4 4 Tauseef Amjad M 40000 Assistant manger 5 5 Shauqat Ali M 45000 Production supervisor 6 6 Maqbool Ahmed M 60000 Brand manager 7 7 Ahmed Amjad M 31000 Trainee 8 8 Shazia mansoor F 45000 Store officer 9 9 Rabia chaudary F 50000 Manager 10 10 Salma Khan F 40000 Assistant manger 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Mubeen Safial Shehroze Khan Saad awan Irfan Ali Bilal Khan Bilal Malik Farwa Ali Rameen Shah Uzair Farhan Sadia Khan F M M M M M F F M F 31000 Trainee 40000 Assistant manger 38000 Operator 45000 Production supervisor 50000 Manager 45000 Production supervisor 60000 Brand manager 35000 50000 45000 Sales manager Manager Store officer 7.2 Supervisor table . 7 Tables 7.7 Packages Limited years so it has affected the sales of the Packages as well as for other similar industries.1 Employee table Employee ID Employee Id Name Gender Salary Job title 1 1 M.

8 Packages Limited Supervisor ID Supervisor Id Name Dept Code S_status 1 20 Abdul Majeed 120 20000 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 Hamid Ali Zaka Ullah Afzal Khokhar Ehsan Ali Malik Shahid Iftikhar Ahmed Abdul Rehman Waqas Nasir Sobia Ali Rana Imran Samia Rehman Asia Ali Samia Akram Saba aslam M.Rafique Danial Ahmed Sania Saif Saba Azeem M.Waseem 720 390 700 290 390 114 278 220 310 340 420 510 630 450 710 820 330 350 360 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 10000 25000 35000 45000 55000 65000 75000 35000 45000 55000 65000 15000 25000 65000 7.3 Department table Department ID Dept Code 1 120 2 720 3 390 4 700 5 6 7 8 9 290 390 114 278 220 Dept Name Marketing Finance Sales HR Paper and Board Accounts CPD Stores Art Supervisor Id Employee Id 20 1 30 2 40 3 50 4 60 70 80 90 100 5 6 7 8 9 .

9 Packages Limited Department ID Dept Code 10 310 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 340 420 510 630 450 710 820 330 350 360 Dept Name Packing Planning Production Purchase Personnel Research MIS Sales Research Production CPD Supervisor Id Employee Id 110 10 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 7.4 Performance Table Employee Performance ID Employee Id Yr of Experience Yr of joining Past performance 1 1 23 1987 Very Good 2 2 10 2000 Good 3 3 15 1995 Very Good 4 4 20 1990 Good 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 30 35 10 11 17 11 26 18 19 34 16 22 23 33 1980 1975 2000 1999 1993 1999 1984 1992 1991 1976 1994 1988 1987 1977 Very Good Very Good Good Good Good Very Good Very Good Good Good Very Good Good Very Good Very Good Good .

10 Packages Limited Employee Performance ID Employee Id Yr of Experience Yr of joining Past performance 19 19 34 1976 Good 20 20 29 1981 Good 7.6 Product Table Product ID Order Id 1 19007 2 18018 Product name Tea cartons Paper cups Customer name Nestle Mcdonalds Employee Id 1 2 .5 Customers table Customers ID Customer name Quantity ordered Order ID Supervisor Id 1 Nestle 200000 19007 20 2 Mcdonalds 15000 18018 30 3 Procter & Gamble 300000 16026 40 4 Bata 250000 17038 50 5 Dane foods 15500 15009 60 6 National foods 50000 12006 70 7 Saphire textile mills 55000 25006 80 8 KFC 10000 37068 90 9 Services shoes 35000 10928 100 10 Continental biscuits 29000 82098 110 11 Lever brothers 350000 34780 120 12 Coca cola 299000 47302 130 13 Gourmet 19000 56027 140 14 Rahat Bakers 34000 35920 150 15 Pizza hut 18000 76391 160 16 PIA 21000 54824 170 17 Aero asia 45000 91035 180 18 Crescent Greenwood 29000 56108 190 19 Pakistan tobacco 555000 45908 200 20 Lacson tobacco 250000 87861 210 7.

11 Packages Limited Product ID Order Id 3 16026 4 17038 5 15009 6 12006 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 25006 37068 10928 82098 Product name Poly bags Shoe cartons Sweets Cooking oils Gum tapes Paper plates Shoe cartons Paper cartons Customer name Employee Id Procter & Gamble 3 Bata Dane foods National foods Saphire textile mills KFC Services shoes Continental biscuits Lever brothers Coca cola Gourmet Rahat Bakers Pizza hut PIA Aero asia Crescent Greenwood Pakistan tobacco Lacson tobacco 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 34780 Poly bags 47302 Paper cups 56027 Paper plates 35920 Gum tapes 76391 Paper and poly cartons 54824 91035 56108 45908 87861 Paper products Paper products Detergents Match boxes Match boxes 8 Queries 8. A precise request for information retrieval with database and information systems.1 What is a query? A query is a request for information from a database. .2 Query 1: Find out the employee working for the marketing department under the supervisor manager. in a line of inquiry. The tables or queries from which a query gets its data are referred ta as its recordscource. or from a combination of two. A query can get its data from one or tables. from existing queries. In general. 8. a query is a form of questioning.

12 Packages Limited 8. 8. The customers for the bonus are those whose quantity ordered is more than 200K.11 Query 10: Display the name of customer companies whose name contain E and their qty ordered is more than 100K.working experience and job status. . 8.5 Query 4: Retrieve the information regarding employees (whose name starts with M).Also show total salary after bonus. 8.6 Query 5: Display the name of all employees whose contains letter A but their salary must not be more than 50.9 Query 8: Packages owner has decided to give extra services to their customers. bonus is 5% to their salary else no bonus. 8. salary.3 Query 2: Display employee ID and name of those employees who are male and their working experience is more than 20 yrs.8 Query 7: Bonus is given to employees whose yr of experience is more than 17 yrs. 8. 8.7 Query 6: Display the name and ID of all employee who joined after 1999 their performance is good and are earning more then 35000. age.000. 8. 8.4 Query 3: Display the name of employee and their ID with the status of assistant manager.10 Query 9: Derive the name of the customer companies whose atleast 2 products are packed by packages.

2. Every employee must set their objectives by themselves. First of all. 9.3 Supervisors status Supervisors with their departments and current salaries. Employees should have a lot of autonomy in planning their tasks of daily routine. the human resource management has not assumed its mature shape in true sense of the word.1 Employee Employees of various departments with their salary and yrs of experience. .13 Packages Limited 9 Forms 9. Server gets more strikes at one time which create hindrances in the smooth work flow of organization. While HRD department has limited roles and responsibilities which should be enhanced. 5. 9. on employee s level. 10 Conclusion Having analyzed the policies and procedures and some random interviews we inferred some recommendations which are as following 1. there is a dissatisfaction regarding pay and benefits. HRD should seriously work on that apart from training and development activities 4. 7. that s why employee s motivation level is low. 6. Steps should be taken to improve the network system which gets too slow due to uneven networking. Career ladder for each employee should be well defined. Secondly.2 Quantity supplied Names of the products supplied to their customers and their quantity. The activities are limited only to payroll and record keeping. Employees are not sure about company s concerns for their grievances and complaints. 3.

2 Muhammad Amer Iqbal (Business Unit Manager Carton Line) PRESENTATION BY ALI BABAR RUBAB BABAR M. 11. HR must be made an autonomous body for Career management.AHMED AMJAD M.14 Packages Limited 8. The production workers should be made aware of the safety needs in a workplace environment. 9.1 Fatima Mehmood (Human Resource Development executive) 11.DANIYAL BHATTI . The employee s grievances should be attended to and be considered 11 References 11. Negligence of shift workers should strictly be watched by supervisors. 12. training and employee s development. Training need assessment methods should be applied for the accuracy and precision of such a large workforce. 10. Its area of action needs to be restructured and well defined.