7 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT---------------------------------.TABLE OF CONTENTS HISTORY OR ORIGIN OF DANCE-------------------------1-2 COSTUME---------------------------------------------.8 .5 SAMPLE PICTURES-------------------------------------.3 COUNTS----------------------------------------------.6 LEARNING-------------------------------------------.4 MUSIC -----------------------------------------------.

or bring their family or buy a bride from Europe. In 1913 the Tango had spread from St Petersburg to New York. 1/3 from Spain.Italy. desperate. and the tango! The generally accepted history has the tango dance originating from the minor toughs. which was popular in the 1870s . male population bred crime. and dubious legend has it that the women could chose their clients by their dancing skill. brothels. developing in the melting pot of cultures that was Buenos Aires. and had become an international phenomena. possibly. At this point a long conflict started between tango as the expression of the soul and experience of the Buenos Aires resident.History or Origin Of tango Although there are many legends and stories about the origins and development of tango. centre of the cultural and entertainment world. The Argentine upper classes who had shunned the tango were now forced into accepting it. the much wilder candombe was mixed with the milonga to form the early Tango. hoping to earn enough to return to Europe. where it met more refined cousins coming down. Tango inevitably moved to where they could be found . Many were single men. the compadritos. Thus. but during this time the first films were made. They introduced the tango into a society eager for innovation. Central to the emergence of the milonga is was the culture of the black population. not without controversy. and continued to assimilate new innovations from abroad. with Valentino as the most famous if completely inauthentic tangoing gaucho. and not entirely averse to the risqué nature of this import. with nothing to their name except macho pride. The man had three dances to prove himself! In the mysterious way that popular culture develops. with almost penniless immigrants coming to make their fortunes on the plains of Argentina or Uruguay. Hollywood glamorised the tango to a mass audience.there were few women. for example the "tango andaluza" from Spain in the 1880s. imitating the dances of the African population. This was known as the "poor man's Habanera". failing and ending up in the cities. Men learned together from a young age.The First World War was a hiatus to the development. because it was fashionable in Paris. They brought their native music and dances with them. Germany and every other European country mixed with earlier generation of settlers of all races from other South American countries. this dance and music was both popularised. rich latin boys who brought it. Russia. Immigrants from Europe . to form a new dance and music. waltzes and mazurkas were mixed with the popular Habanera from Cuba and the spanish seaboard. A poor. Britain. 1/2 from Italy. I will attempt to give an outline that is commonly recounted. and moved up the social scale. music and poetry that originated in Buenos Aires at the turn of the century. The word tango was used at the time to describe various music and dances. which contributed the early 'canyengue' movement and style the cuts (cortes) which became a central feature of tango. the milonga. Tango is a dance. with their dances such as the candombe. and this being inaccessible to anyone else. as the danced on the street. Poland.the Porteño. The African descended population may also have provided the name 'tango' after the place they danced. and certainly none to practice with. Traditional polkas.in the brothels. a mix of many different african traditions. By 1910 the rich sons of Argentina were making their way to Paris. In the early years of the 1900 2 million immigrants arrived in BsAs from Europe. even if its heart was still on the Rio de la Plata and the cities of BsAs and Montevideo. which I have picked up from a variety of sources. and a universally practiced and meaningful music and dance. gangsters. Buenos Aires was very poor city. the tango lyric and music . if stillcontested. and was picked up by the sons of the rich who preferred to spend their time in the less salubrious parts of their city. especially as taught by the dashing. Spain.

lyricists and composers. From the 1960s to the 1980s it was only danced and played by a few of the older generation and enthusiastsThe current revival dates from the early 1980s. the slang of the working class barrios was still used emphasise this. and the lyrics reflected the renewed poverty and social divisions in the country. with a flourishing in music. This is said to have stimulated the revival in the US. They were not only famous in Argentina and Uruguay. and dancers were once again forced into small venues with less space. reinvigorated the tango as a popular dance by going back to the more rythmic roots (1936).By 1930 Tango was out of fashion in Europe. and a growing circuit of Argentine and international festivals. The period since 1990 is again a time of renewal. danced by thousands of respectable citizens in the caberets of prospering cities: Argentina was now one of the richest countries in the world. and becoming film stars. Stars were made. purged of the 'corrupt' language of lunfardo. and a search for a national culture. and was repressed by post-Peronist nationalist government .g. the lyrics of the songs slowly moved from lamenting the poverty and loneliness of the immigrant men. Europe and Japan. but travelled the world. a military coup in Argentina surpressed and censored it for 10 years. . and another to evolve it in the light of modern culture and values. and the tango came to be a fundamental expression of Argentine culture. At the end of the 1950s Tango eventually went out of fashion. and Gardel died in a plane crash in 1935. notably Carlos Gardel. and many other musicians. New bandleaders. such as D'Arienzo. and although still ignored by many young people. as large salons closed . toured the world creating a dazzling version of the tango and a romantisisation of the early and golden ages of tango. crushed like many other dances. There is an explosion of interest around the world with places to dance in many cities and towns. After the War the tango was again taken up again and became the dominant music and dance of the fun seeking and culturally anarchic 20s. of tension between the international and the argentine. Many lyrics played on nostalgia for the "good old days" before the neighbourhoods were cleaned up (e. orchestras were smaller. Manzi). The dance was refined to the slick and elegant 'salon' style. and as political repression developed. However the Golden Age lasted through the 40s and early 50s and this is the period of its greatest development and expression. Indeed it was championed by nationist political movement of Juan and Eva Peron from 1946. Yira Yira. through poets and lyricists such as Enrique Cadícamo and Enrique Santos Discépolo(Cambalache.developed and recordingsmade. lunfardo. starring dancers such as Juan Carlos Copes and other future stars of tango. With the arrival of democracy in Argentina. Uno. until they started to be banned as subversive. Tango changed with political and economic conditions. when a stage show Tango Argentino. and we can hear this in the music. lyrics become political too. But out of this developed the Golden Age of Tango. In poorer times. poetry and culture. The depression also changed the character of tango. dancers. there is enough interest to supply the world with a steady stream of hopeful tango teachers and a market for musicians to rediscover and reinvent the music. singers. to more generic love songs for the mass market. to become a mass entertainment. where sex and machismo were the everyday. The dance style changed. between a desire to recreate the Golden Age. by the arrival of America swing and rock and roll. tango interest was revived. The development of tango in this period reflects its emergence from the small venues. Cafetin de Buneos Aires).

jeans. FOR MEN 1. 6Take your partner's comfort into account. 3. 7Choose something that makes you feel sexy. casual pants and t-shirts are appropriate for many milongas. Your tango clothes should allow you to move freely and easily. especially those that cater to a younger crowd. 4. 3. 2Choose moisture-wicking fabrics for your shirts (or undershirts) if you're prone to sweating. Make sure your ganchos. choose clothes that are comfortable to wear. leg wraps and boleos are unencumbered by a too-long skirt. one-color halter dress with an asymmetrical hemline can be more stunning than a fancy gown-because the focus is on you.Think about skirt length. 5Consider pants.Check the fit. and don't feel bound to the traditional red and black of tango. Simply constructed clothes are more flattering on the dance floor and give you less to worry about. If that means a back-baring black dress for you.COSTUME FOR WOMEN 1. Use your own style as a guide. not on your clothing.Be simple. Dresses studded with rhinestones or embellished with sequins may look good. A simple buttondown or short-sleeved shirt and attractive trousers in black or rather neutral colors are ideal. with no constraint. it's the right outfit! In most of today's milongas.Wear what makes you feel sexy and comfortable. the connection with your partner is more important than how you look on the dance floor. This will ensure that your dance won't be affected by your clothing. regardless of your dance style. 4.Go for comfort. but don't be flashy. With this in mind. However. 2. as the wide legs emphasize your steps. Be thoughtful and turn your buckle so it is well out of a follower's range.Watch your buckle! If you dance close embrace. A flowing fabric will sweep around your legs and make your moves look even more dramatic.Get stretchy clothes made of fabrics that move to accommodate your footwork. Keep it no longer than calf length for your best dancing. A simple. . You can be your most sultry self if you feel unconstrained. In Argentine tango. Gaucho and palazzo pants are especially flattering for tango. Sweat stains may cause a follower to reject your dance invitation-she might be afraid of getting drenched! You can find moisture-wicking shirts at stores specializing in dancewear. go for it! If you feel sexy in gaucho pants and a long-sleeved top. but make sure that they will be comfortable for his embrace. almost any approach to clothing works for women. your belt buckle becomes an obstacle for your follower-and can be quite painful in some situations.

Step forward with the left again. The man's right hand cups the lady's left shoulder blade. At the same time. this will take up two counts of music. the lady will step back on her right. Step directly side (about a shoulder's width length) with the right foot and shift all your weight to it. the lady will step back on her left. the man's left hand clasps the lady's right. 2. The follower's (woman's) part is the exact opposite. you want your feet to be offset. Your feet should be no more than six inches away from the woman's. It's also a 'slow. Once you learn this basic. it takes just one count of music. If you're familiar at all with dance parlance. This step should take two counts of tango music in regular 4/4 time. As far as speed of the step. Again. heel first.' 3. Step forward with the right foot. you'll be able to go to a party or an event and have at least an idea of what you are doing.' . heel first. Instead. or another 'quick. or a 'quick.' 4. this step would be a 'slow. Lady steps back on her right as you do this. For this. Make sure your feet are not in line with the woman's. Here are the steps to dancing a fabulous tango basic: 1. At the same time. Get in dance position with your partner.' 5. this time slightly faster. The timing for this step is also just one beat of music. Step forward with your left foot.COUNTS The steps below are for the leader (man).

The post-Piazzolla generation (1980-) includes musicians such as Dino Saluzzi. that indicates two full counts of music for one step. the timing or count of the step is: Slow. Carlos Gardel. it visually looks like the knight's move. If you play chess at all. Slow. Alfredo De Angelis. guitar. But hopefully this gives you a basic idea of what the tango is like. I know it's tough to convey all the nuances that go on with the tango. Let this action take a full two counts of music.Some of the many popular and influential orchestras included the orchestras of Juan D'Arienzo. You and your partner's torso should be touching.Other notable tango musicians and composers include Astor Piazzolla. and Enrique Santos Discepolo. It really is a fun dance once you get the hang of it. or a 'slow' to complete. which often includes a violin. 3-4. flute. Piazzolla and his followers developed Nuevo Tango. Where there is a dash. Enrique Martin Entenza and Juan Maria Solare. Eduardo Mederos. 5. which incorporated jazz and classical influences into a more experimental style. In all. and Anibal Troilo. Rodolfo Biagi. Now brush your left foot to your right. . Osvaldo Pugliese and Carlos di Sarli made many recordings. It is danced in very close quarters. MUSIC Tango music has a tempo of about 120 beats per minute. Francisco Canaro. In musical terms it would be 1-2. and especially a bandoneon. Argentine Tango music is traditionally played by a small orquestra. Quick.6. 7-8. you walk forward three steps and then take one step to the side. piano.6. Slow. In short. Juan de Dios Filiberto. going forward. Quick.

Sample pictures .

LEARNINGS: We sum up all our learnings as a group. Although it was difficult we urged ourselves to practice that dance so that we can have something to present in front of everybody. All that we can say is that tango is a difficult dance for us. Tango is not an easy dance because it is very meticulous with it¶s formation and basically everything about it! It¶s a first for all of us to dance tango therefore it is really a burden to all of us on who among us will teach. It is more confusing when we accompanied it with a music . because the music is really fast. All of us learned that tango is not an easy dance to learn and acquires us to be patient in order for us to learn. the basic steps it was sort of easy because as what I have said it¶s just the basics. We just gave our all and the best we can to know the dance. . But we didn¶t lose hope . But in order for us to know the basic moves or steps in tango we watched videos of it and it was really confusing. When we were practicing. instead we practiced eventhough it was a big mess and we were able to present our dance to our teacher. At first we were confused on what foot to step first but with our determination we were able to get the basic dance steps.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: We would like to thank Mr. Nilo Castro for giving us the time to practice the dance and I would like to thank the members for giving their best in learning the dance for their determination. .

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