4 THE UNION OF NGOs OF 4 THE ISLAMIC WORLD 8 NEW PERIOD IN MUSIAD 8 DUTY SHIFT IN UNIW 9 ENERAL COORDINATOR OF UNIW

AT BAB-I ÂLEM MEETING 9 SECRETARY GENERAL DELIVERS A SPEECH AT CHANNEL A 10 THE SPEECH OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL OF UNIW AT THE UNION OF ISLAMIC SCHOLARS 13 MEMBERS OF UNIW MAKE A PRESS CONFERENCE ABOUT PALESTINE ISSUE 15 WHAT’S HAPPENING IN PALESTINE, JOINT PRESS STATEMENT 18 TGTV MAKES A CALL FOR UNITY IN PALESTINE 19 UNIW - TGTV AND AL QUDS INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTION ARE TO COOPERATE 21 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ISLAMOPHOBIA 23 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ISLAMOPHOBIA OPENING SPEECH / NECMI SADIKOGLU 26 PRESENTATIONS 44 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ISLAMOPHOBIA FINAL COMMUNIQUE 47 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ISLAMOPHOBIA ORGANISED BY THE UNION OF NGOS OF THE ISLAMIC WORLD 48 CONFERENCE IN PICTURES 54 UNIW COMMISSIONS BEING CONSTITUTED 54 THE SECRETARY GENERAL’S CONGRATULATION MESSAGE TO OIC SECRETARY GENERAL 55 THE MINISTER OF YOUTH AND SPORTS OF INDONESIA MEETS WITH THE UNIW MEMBERS 55 THE ISRAELI GENOCIDE MUST BE STOPPED 57 URGENT MEETING OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR PALESTINE 58 CONSULTATION MEETING ON FAMILY IN DIYARBAKIR 59 INTERNATIONAL HALAL FOOD CONFERENCE SUPPORTED BY UNIW ENDS 60 THE SECRETARY GENERAL TO GO TO REFAH TO PROVIDE SUPPORT FOR PALESTINE 60 CALL FOR EMERGENCY AID FOR PALESTINE 61 ZUHAIR SALIM VISITS UNIW 62 UNIW COUNCIL TO GATHER IN KUWAIT ON MAY 62 THE SECRETARY GENERAL OF UNIW IS IN THE TRADE CHAMBER OF ISTANBUL

63 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF MUSLIM PHILANTHROPISTS HELD IN ISTANBUL 65 MAWLUD AL-NABI MESSAGE FROM SECRETARY GENERAL 66 SECRETARY GENERAL SPEAKS AT HABER7 TV 66 UNIW STATEMENT ON THE LAWSUIT DEMANDING CLOSURE OF AK PARTY 67 MUHAMMED NAIM AKBEEK VISITS TURKEY 68 UNIW MEMBERS ATTEND OIC’S FIRST CONFERENCE OF HUMANITARIAN ORGANIZATIONS IN DAKAR 68 EUROPEAN GOVERNMENTS MUST NOT TOLERATE ANTI-ISLAMISM 69 UNIW TURKISH MEMBERS 1ST CONSULTATION MEETING HELD 70 LEBANON NGOS VISIT UNIW AND APPLY FOR MEMBERSHIP 70 CHAIRMAN OF IRAQI STUDENTS & YOUTH LEAGUE VISIT UNIW 71 UNIW REPRESENTATIVE OF TURKEY VISITS TIKA PRESIDENT 72 UNIW SECRETARY GENERAL DELIVERS A SPEECH AT ISTANBUL CHAMBER OF COMMERCE (ICOC) 72 UNIW REPRESENTATIVE OF TURKEY VISITS DR. ADNAN ERTEM, PRIME MINISTRY DEPUTY UNDERSECRETARY 73 URGENT CALL FOR HELP TO PALESTINE 74 ASSEMBLY OF ISTANBUL CHAMBER OF COMMERCE 77 UNIW IN THE PRESS 78 ISLAMOPHOBIA SHOULD BE CONSIDERED AS CRIME 79 ISLAMOPHOBIA MUST BE ACCEPTED AS AN OFFENSE 80 TURKEY PREVENTS EUROPE’S FEAR 81 ISLAMOPHOBIA MUST BE ACCEPTED AN OFFENSE LIKE ANTI-SEMITISM 81 ISLAMOPHOBIA CONFERENCE IN ISTANBUL 82 UNIW’S SADIKOGLU: EUROPEAN STATES MUST NOT TOLERATE ANTI-ISLAM ACTIVITIES 82 UNION OF NGOS OF THE ISLAMIC WORLD (UNIW): EUROPEAN STATES MUST NOT TOLERATE ANTI-ISLAM ACTIVITIES 83 EUROPE MUSN’T AGGRAVE ANTI-ISLAMISM 84 ISLAMOPHOBIA THE CONTINUATION OF THE CRUSADES 86 FEAR OF ISLAM IN DEPTH 87 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ISLAMOPHOBIA

2008BULLETIN

THE UNION OF NGOs OF THE ISLAMIC WORLD

THE UNION OF NGOs OF THE ISLAMIC WORLD

— ABOUT US The Conference with the topic of “The International Conference of Non-governmental Organizations of the Islamic World : Searching for a New Vision in a Changing World “ was organized with the participation of more than three hundred nongovernmental organizations from 40 countries, on the date of May 1,2005 in Istanbul. On the first day of the Conference, the Chairman of Turkish Parliament Mr.Bulent ARINÇ made a speech. It was the Foreign Minister Abdullah GUL gave a speech as well, on the second day. In the last session of the Conference, a debate was initiated over the draft regulation of the Association, and the establishment of The Union of Non-Governmental Organizations of Islamic World was agreed upon with the votes of the representatives who participated to the Conference. For the first three-year period, the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Turkish Voluntary Organizations Foundation (TGTV) Necmi SADIKOGLU was elected as Secretary General of the Union. Istanbul was chosen as the headquarters of the Union. Ali KURT was elected as the Turkish representative of the Union. The Union of NGOs of The Islamic World has completed its foundation process with the Cabinet Decree dated December 31, 2005, under the proviwww.theunity.org

sions of the Act No. 3335 regarding the Foundation of the Organizations Having International Characteristic. At the present, the Union have 110 members. Mr. A.Cihangir Isbilir is the General Coordinator of the Union. — ACTING PARTS OF THE UNION: 1- General Assembly 2- Council 3- Secretariat 4- Commissions 5-Consultancies 6- Auditing Council 7- Advisory Council 8- Branches and Representatives — OUR VISION: Ensuring sustainable development, consolidation and coordination between non-governmental organizations of the Islamic world; Contributing to establishing just, peaceful and stable environments all around the world; Protecting the individuals’ and societies’ principle rights and freedoms; Performing technical and social studies based on participant and pluralist principles for developing the civil society cooperatively; Performing activities introducing Islamic culture and values.

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— OUR MISSION: Ensuring cooperation and coordination between non-governmental organizations of the Islamic world by considering their constitutional systems; developing common reflexes and obtaining advantages by ensuring knowledge, experience and views between the organizations based on the objective of the Union; Making the efforts for a better world in cooperation with all non-governmental organizations, which aim a more safe and restful world; Making the required structural arrangements for these purposes, opening the required branches, subunits and representatives; Ensuring participation to international mechanisms effectively together with the member organizations; Generalizing the programs, which are deemed as proper relating to the voluntary organizations, and participating to all organizations relevant to them and supporting them; setting up collective working teams; establishing research institutions; arranging training programs; Contributing to the solutions of the problems relating to the Islamic world collectively; following developments and crisis regions relevant to the areas in which the union interested, determining a common attitude to the developed events and the changes by ensuring participation of the member

organizations; developing projects; obtaining the required initiative, setting up monitoring committees when required, Making activities for introducing the Islamic culture and civilization and for preventing all types of discriminations; Supporting all local, regional and international attempts targeting establishing cooperation and solidarity in the Islamic world; Helping those, who are in difficulties and have experienced damages and troubles from wars and disasters when required in cooperation with local or international charitable institutions. — WHO CAN APPLY FOR THE MEMBERSHIP? Having been adopted the Islamic Culture and purposes of The Union, Have not been interfered to violent acts, Having the characteristics of a non-profit organization, Not taking orders from any other authority, Having Legal Entity under the law of their own country, Having been established at least 1 year before the recourse for the membership, Having no connection with any
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THE UNION OF NGOs OF THE ISLAMIC WORLD

political parties and any kind of sister organizations, Having taken references of two currently member organizations of the Union. — HOW CAN THE APPLICATION PROCESS BE CARRIED OUT? All and every NGOs on the condition of having application qualities of membership may apply for becoming a member in writing by the agency of its representative to The Union after rendering such decision through com— MEMBERS of the UNION COUNCIL: 1- Necmi SADIKOGLU Turkey ( Secretary General )

petent organs thereof. In the decision regarding the application for membership full name of the representative to The Union shall be expressly mentioned. Application for the membership shall be submitted to the Council through a fully filled The Union Application Form (Appendix-2) having the organization’s application decision and references of two currently member organizations of The Union appended. Procedures regarding the applica-

6- Dr. Ghulam Nabi el FAI USA

2- Ali KURT Turkey (Deputy Secretary General)

7- Mohammed Ali Al-Amin MOHAMMED ALI Sudan

3- Mubarak al MUTAWWA Kuwait (Deputy Secretary General)

8- Nedim KAYA Azarbaijan

4- Prof. Dr. Salah Abd el MUTAAL Egypt

9- Mohammed Naim AKBEEK Syria

5- Ahmed A’zam ABDULRAHMAN Malaysia

10- Mohammed Naji ALLAW Yemen

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tion for membership will be followed by the secretariat for submitting it at the next first the Council’s Ordinary Meeting. Council shall examine the membership application of NGOs in terms of eligibility qualities of membership. The application after being found eligible by the Council, all members shall be informed of this status along with the agenda of the meeting at least 15 days prior to the General Assembly meeting in which the membership is scheduled to be put to vote.

11- Dr. Hani el BENNA UK 12- Abdurrahman PIRANI Iran

16- Fuhaid M. AL-HOWAIMEL Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

17- Mohammed AL-KATTAN Bahrain

13- Suripto Indonesia

18- Mohammed Sirach MOHAMMED Ethiopia

14- Cemalettin LATIC Bosnia

19- Prof. Dr. Anis AHMAD Pakistan

15- Shuaib Abdullatif SHEIKH Somalia

20- Husam KHRAIM Palestine

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NEW PERIOD IN MUSIAD

17th Ordinary General Meeting of MUSIAD, one of the charter members of UNIW, was held in Grand Cevahir Convention Center on April 19, 2008. Necmi Sadıkoglu, the Secretary General of UNIW and Cihangir İsbilir, the General Coordinator of the Union participated in the general assembly. The meeting was also attended by Köksal Toptan, the President of the Turkish Grand National Assembly; Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Prime Minister; Hayati Yazıcı, Minister of the State and Deputy Prime Minister; Mehmet Simsek, Minister of State Responsible for Economy; Veysel Eroglu, Minister of Environment and Forestry; Hilmi Güler, Minister of Energy and Natural Sources; Zafer Çaglayan, Minister of Industry and Trade; Kürsat Tüzmen,

Minister of State Responsible for Foreign Trade; Nimet Çubukçu, Minister of State Responsible for Women and Family; Binali Yıldırım, Minister of Transportation; Bülent Arınç, Former President of the Turkish Grand National Assembly and Manisa Parliamentarian; Muammer Güler, Istanbul Governor; Kadir Topbas, Mayor of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality and Rıfat Hisacıklıoglu, the President of TOBB. Ömer Cihat Vardan was elected as the General President of MUSIAD in place of Ömer Bolat at the meeting. Necmi Sadıkoglu, the Secretary General of UNIW, sent a congratulatory message to the General President Ömer Vardan and wished him success.

DUTY SHIFT IN UNIW

A new appointment took place in the Union of Non-Governmental Organisations of the Islamic World (UNIW) as of 25 February, 2008. Mustafa Özkaya who had been serving as the General Coordinator of UNIW for two years has been appointed as the Deputy Representative of Turkey and Cihangir Isbilir who had been serving as the Deputy General Coordinator has been appointed as the General Coordinator. Cihangir Isbilir, the General Coordinator of UNIW was born in K.Maras.

Having graduated from Ankara University, Faculty of Political Sciences, Department of International Relations, Isbilir received his master’s degree in Constitutional Structure of Syria and Baath Party. He had researches on books of political science in Islamic History and on the USA political history. He has been serving as columnist for several national media organs with various signatures for over ten years and now he is the executive editor of two magazines, one is in English, the other is in Turkish.

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GENERAL COORDINATOR OF UNIW AT BAB-I ÂLEM MEETING

Guest students of 72 countries who study in Turkey met at the “International Students’ Meeting”. Cihangir İsbilir, the General Coordinator of UNIW attended the meeting. The students, gathered at the Showroom of Taksim District Subway by Bab-ı Alem International Students’ Association, showed an example of peace and brotherhood. Attending the meeting in their indigenous costumes, the students were the centre of attention. Performing the

inauguration of the exhibition, Numan Kurtulmus, the Deputy Chairman of the Fazilet Party, stated the following: “This workshop is realized in accordance with the organizational skills of the university students. Our students organize this exhibition so as to present their countries, cultures, well-known personalities and their scholars to our people. I wish they described their nation to our people, and familiarized with our values and they became voluntary messengers of our country when they return home”.

SECRETARY GENERAL DELIVERS A SPEECH AT CHANNEL A

Necmi Sadıkoglu, the Secretary General of UNIW, made a statement for a documentary, concerning Islamophobia, prepared in the scope of “Documentary from the Past to the Future” and broadcasted by Channel A (Kanal-A). Having provided information about the International Conference on Islamophobia held on December 8-9, 2008 in Istanbul and its outcomes, Sadıkoglu stated the following: “Islamophobia is an obvious threat to the world peace. It is beyond a kind of idea, it is a clear discrimination and a crime against humanity. Islamophobia should be regarded as

a crime like Anti-Semitism and new laws should be adopted against this dangerous discrimination feeding on terrorism and racism. “Attempts to consubstantiate Islam and terrorism are certainly an evil-minded discourse and it is a product of the dark propaganda which aims to increase Islamophobia. The use of such terms as ‘Islamic terrorism’ or ‘Islamofascism’ is the part of a whole attack aiming to spread Anti-Islamism. We should struggle against Islamophobia and Anti-Islamism both of which feed on ignorance, malicious policies and provocative mass media activities”.

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THE SPEECH OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL OF UNIW AT THE UNION OF ISLAMIC SCHOLARS

In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate, Endless Praises be to Allah who commanded in His Book, the Qur’an, as : “ If you do not know, ask from the Scholars “ (Fatir, 35 / 28) and made us meet each other in such a auspicious meeting like this and gave us a cause to start the first step for the unity of Muslims. Also, as much peace and praises as the numbers of letters written by the scholars, be upon Our Beloved Prophet who declared as: “the scholars are the inheritors of the Prophets.” (Buhari, Ilm, 10) and to His (pbuh) Family Members and Friends. Peace and Mercy be with You! Distinguished Mr. Deputy Prime Minister, Distinguished Ministers, Distinguished Assembly Chairmen of the Assemblies and Members of Parliaments, Distinguished Secretary General of the Islam Conference, Distinguished Chairman of Religious Affairs Presidency, Distinguished Governor, Distinguished Chairman and Members of the Union of Islamic Scholars, Distinguished Guests from all over the world,

Distinguished Chairman and Members of the Foundations of Volunteer Organizations, Distinguished Press Members, Welcome to the Opening Meeting of the 2nd General Assembly of the Union of Islamic Scholars.. We are honoured to have you here. I do thank all of you that you have participated in such an important and auspicious meeting. Also, I present my gratitudes to all the scholars and especially to Master Yusuf Al-Kardavi, that they prefer us and accept our hosting service for organizing this meeting in Istanbul. Honourable Guests, Participants and

In our culture, we regard a scholar as a universe. The scholars are our guides. All the behaviours of those scholars are taken as the guiding examples in the Islamic World. Because the scholars always remember that Our Prophet (pbuh) said: “The superiority of a scholar over an ordinary Muslim is just as my superiority over you.” (Kutub-i Sitte,4102) The Islamic scholar is a guide who directs the society and pays all the attention for applying the orders of Allah. Nations live as long as they follow and stay on the right paths of the scholars. For that reason, Our Prophet

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The Opening Speech of Mr. Necmi Sadikoglu, the Secretary General of the Union of NonGovernmental Organizations of the Islamic World (UNIW), and the Chairman of Foundation of Volunteer Organizations of Turkey (TGTV), at the General Assembly of the Union of Islamic Scholars. July 10, 2006 – Istanbul.

(pbuh) ordered : “ Death of Ali made a hole on the wall of Islam” (Darimi, Preface, 32) Because of this, this conference and this initiative is so important. This is a meeting of a unity. Furthermore, this meeting is not such an ordinary one. It is the meeting of Islamic Scholars. Even a small action that becomes a cause for the unity of Muslims must be regarded as a big action. On the other hand, a small action that becomes a cause for a conflict among Muslims must be regarded as a big murder. If our scholars unite, Islamic World will be in unity. If our scholars conflict, Islamic World will get the disease of dispute. Honourable Guests, Participants and

ing out plans that will offend Muslims where they live. They do not be reluctant to apply tricks that will cause instability and chaos in the Islamic World. For stopping those tricks, Muslims must unite in all the fields. This is our most important duty today. There are just a few causes to initiate conflicts among us, but there are many reasons for uniting Muslims. We have to remember holy ties that make us united and we have to make people remember it. Because, the help and mercy of Allah will surround us only if we hold fast to His Rope together. Today, we cry for Palestine and feel sad for Iraq. If we do not unite, there will be no change tomorrow, but those names of the places will be different and our sadness and cry will remain. Today, our picture over here is what the Islamic World needs most. So, it is not wrong to describe those kinds of meetings as ‘historical’. For that cause, I as a Secretary General of the Union of non-Governmental Organizations of the Islamic World and the Chairman of the Foundation of Volunteer Organizations of Turkey, thank once again for the ones who served for this auspicious action. Our Prayers and support will always be with you. Honourable Guests and Friends, We got on the road by thinking that
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The World is facing enormous changes and transformations. In the past, when people heard of the words ‘Islamic World’, they thought of a few countries. Today, the world has turned into a world of Islam thanks to the Muslim’s emigration to many different countries and the increase in their numbers. Regarding this subject, a thinker said: “In the past, ‘the West’ and ‘Islam’ were the words of the debates. Now, in the West, ‘Islam’ is the issue being discussed. Some power centres observing that this transformation affecting the world, are planning many tricks for incriminating Muslims and spoiling Islam. They do not hesitate for carry-

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the unity is what Muslims need most and we established the Foundation of Volunteer Organizations of Turkey on December 22, 1994. TGTV has become the symbol of unity. Sharing the distresses of Muslims and reacting for those issues, coordinating and uniting our foundations and associations for carrying out auspicious works are the main aims of TGTV With its 99 . members, TGTV has fulfilled many projects directing our nation and reflecting our nation’s views to the political and administrative fields for 12 years and it has still been carrying out similar projects. With the Help of Allah TGTV has once again carried out a giant project at the end of last year. With the initiation of TGTV the Union of non-Governmental Organizations of the Islamic World has been founded with the participation of almost 500 representatives of non-governmental organizations from 40 different countries. Founding process has officially completed with the decision of the Council of Ministers and the approval of The President of Turkish Republic. Istanbul was chosen for the centre of the Union and I was elected as the Secretary General. The Union of non-Governmental Organizations of the Islamic World excited the Islamic World. Following the establishment of the Union, the number of the members has reached to 80 in 6 month’s time. In that period, we have improved our way of reflex actions regarding the important issues. Furthermore, in that short period of time, we have organized three international meetings. Following the first meeting of the Union Council, which consisted of 20

different countries, in March 2006, the second meeting was held in Jakarta, Indonesia between 1st and 5th of July, 2006. We, as a committee which consisted of Council Members and Board of Directors Members, met our brothers in Indonesia and Malaysia. We visited Jogjakarta where the disasters of earthquake and volcano took place and we visited Ache where the tsunami disaster befell. We met our brothers and made consultations with them. We examined our brothers’ projects. We delivered your regards to them and we brought their regards from Jakarta, Jogjakarta, Ache and Kualalumpur. As a result of this, I invite all the foundations and associations of the Islamic World to be a member of the Union of non-Governmental Organizations of the Islamic World. Also, I beg you, respected scholars and guests for supporting and praying for our auspicious walk. Honourable guests and participants, The Islamic World has all the physical and spiritual richness to struggle with all the troubles and distress. Do not let any incident direct us into despair. Let’s remove any hopelessness with a Verse of Qur’an, which is: “Do not give up expecting the Mercy of Allah.” Because, hopelessness is the biggest obstacle to the success. Let’s remember that Islam is just like the sun; you can not put it out by blowing. It is like daylight; the night would not be coming by closing your eyes. It would be darkness just for the one who closes his eyes. May Allah, the Almighty, give all the health and favourable and long life to our scholars.

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With those wishes and thoughts, once again I present my thanks to you, respected Chairman and the Members of the Union of Islamic Scholars and the guests who love knowledge and scholars.

May Allah let this General Assembly of the Union of Islamic Scholars be the cause for the goodness of the Islamic World and also for all the human beings. With all respect.

MEMBERS OF UNIW MAKE A PRESS CONFERENCE ABOUT PALESTINE ISSUE

The Secretary General of UNIW, Mr. Necmi Sadikoglu made a press conference with the participation of many chairmen of the UNIW member foundations at Sepetciler Palace, at 10:30. Many chairmen and representatives of the non-governmental organizations which are the members of UNIW and TGTV participated in the conference. At the conference which was started with a common text read by the Secretary General of UNIW Mr. Necmi Sadikoglu, the Chairman of MUSIAD Mr. Omer Bolat, the Chairman of ASKON Mr. Mustafa Koca, the Chairman of IHH Mr. Bulent Yildirim, the Chairman of MAZLUMDER Istanbul Branch Mr. Mustafa Ercan, The Turkish Representative of UNIW Mr. Ali Kurt, the Chairman of Ensar Foundation Mr. Ahmad Sisman, the Chairman of Young Businessmen Foundation Mr. Muhiddin Agırman, the Founder Chairman of Hikmet Foundation Mr. Cemaleddin Kerim made speeches. The common press text read by the Secretary General Mr. Necmi Sadikoglu is as follows : WE, FIERCELY, CONDEMN ISRAEL WHICH CARRIES

OUT UNLIMITED STATE TERROR! Dear members of the press, We are following the heartbreaking events happening in Palestine and Lebanon with regret and sorrow. Israel, with its military and technology, is carrying out massacres on innocent civilians, especially on children, women and elderly people in Palestine and Lebanon. We strongly condemn Israel which killed over 200 civilians mercilessly, in one week. We are aware of that the evil centres which introduced the pretext and excuse of two kidnapped Israeli soldiers to the world media, want to take the control of the region by a plan of bringing blood and instability. We are aware of the fact that the occupation of Iraq and Afghanistan, political assassinations in Lebanon, deportation of Syrian army from Lebanon and finally, Israeli attack on Lebanon are the steps of the same project and we are calling the world for the pressure on the governments to stop this evil scenario. We are also aware that killing of hundreds of civilians with the reason of small excuses, bombing the infrastructure, destroying and taking control of the farm lands and water re-

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sources of Palestine are the other steps of this dark project. We are bewildered of the silence of the world, especially D-8 countries towards this massacre and we strongly condemn it. This situation showed once more that the peace projects imposed on the publics of Middle East countries by the global actors are just clever lies and deceptions. We are against any kind of terrorism. We have tens of thousands of martyrs and we still have them. We condemn the centres carrying out political plays over our martyrs. We inviting the global and local actors which let the terrorist groups live and grow, to fairness and justice and we invite them to prevent this evil situation. This bloodshed must be stopped and the terrorist group of PKK must be cleaned off the region immediately. The massacre carried out in Lebanon and Palestine is the state terror by using unbalanced power. We especially condemn this terror. Dear members of the press, We were glad about the independent, just and democratic election for the National Assembly of Palestine. Once more, we are conforming that the new government which has taken the confidence vote in the Assembly represents the public of Palestine. Regarding this, we strongly and regretfully condemn and refuse any kind of blackmail, boycott and blockade carried out against the public and government of Palestine. We strongly condemn Israel assassinating and murdering the people of Palestine, destroying infrastructures like sewage, electricity bases of Palestine, destroying the richness and resources of Palestinian people, never ending campaign of arresting, carrying out aggressive actions against over 10.000 Palestinian prisoners in Israeli prisons, never ending captivity of chosen members of parliament, occu-

pying the lands of Palestine continuously, efforts of making Jerusalem Jewish by surrendering there, destroying Al-Aksa Mosque, surrendering Palestinian villages, not paying the supplement rewarded by Palestinian government and finally bombing Palestinian state buildings. Israel goes on committing the crimes of humanity by not recognizing the government of Hamas coming to the power by a democratic election, cutting off any kind of funds, causing of the deaths of hundreds of Palestinian by economic sanctions. Today, Israel is carrying out the same merciless massacres as happened before, in Sabra Shatilla and Der Yasin. We as TGTV in the name of our 99 members and in the name of humanity invite the Government of Turkish Republic, The Foreign Ministry, ICO, UN, EU, the Arab Unity, D-8, IUMS, Amnesty International, the people of the world, the people of Islamic World and especially our people for stopping this monstrous killings. We are inviting all the non-governmental organizations for reacting in democratic ways. We invite the countries of Islamic World for taking the permanent and strong precautions to solve the crisis. I invite Islamic World and the sincere people of my country for uniting as one fist, praying for our brothers in crisis, showing any kind of their reactions. These events must make us more courageous and hopeful instead of being in fear and despair and make us shouting strongly instead of sitting in silence. Today is the time of doing that. Tomorrow might be too late for us. If we don’t react as necessarily today, the new crying places such as Gaza and Beirut might be added, tomorrow. Palestine is the conscience of the world. Let us protect this conscience.

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WHAT’S HAPPENING IN PALESTINE, JOINT PRESS STATEMENT

Omar El Bursh, Palestine Acting Minister of Justice and Mohammed Farac El Goul, the Chairman of the Constitutional Committee and Member of Parliament made a statement to the press. WHAT IS HAPPENING IN PALESTINE? Joint Press Statement, 02.06.2007 Feshane / 11 am Omar El Bursh, Palestine Acting Minister of Justice and the Chairman of Constitutional Committee, Member of Parliament Mohammed Farac El Gouls’s press statement: Israelis who have occupied Palestine territories since 1948 have been increasing their expansionist policies day by day and almost left no place for Palestinians to take breath. Now, Palestinians, who fell into the position being refugees in the lands they possessed once, have been undergoing genocide for more than fifty years owing to Israel’s greed for seizing The Promised Land as they regard everything as legitimate for this greed. Violation the international law, they have been assaulting everybody from infants to defenceless old men and women. They maintain that they do for the sake of state security. Illegal acts done by Israelis can be listed as follows: -They have been harassing and surrounding Palestinians continually and they have been compelling them to leave their lands which they possess by establishing new Jewish settlement

areas, notably Jerusalem, continuously in Palestine lands. These practices are contrary to the international law and human rights. They have been threatening Palestinians’ future by violating Palestinians’ basic rights. -Secretly executed capital punishment, political assassinations violate individuals’ freedom of life and safety. Civilians have been tortured by massive punishment. - Raids and attacks of Israel to the West Bank and Gaza strip have destroyed thousands miles of agricultural lands. And Palestinians’ means of existence have been destroyed. -Israel obstructs Palestinians’ living conditions; by imposing pitiless embargoes on the West Bank and Gaza strip, cause more than 75 % of the people will be unemployed and thus impoverish them. -Israel has destructed the infrastructures of Palestinian cities, the cities became uninhabitable, and immigrations have begun. -62% of the Territories of the West Side and Gaza strip were occupied and houses were constructed by Israel. Israel grabbed 90 % of the Palestine territories by this method. -Israel invade Palestinians’ privacy by attacking, raiding, pulling down their houses and their private properties. -The erection of the wall of racial discrimination in Palestine has been going on as the symbol of shame by disregarding the decree about the illegitimacy of

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Omar El Bursh, Palestine Acting Minister of Justice and Mohammed Farac El Goul, the Chairman of the Constitutional Committee and Member of Parliament made a statement to the press. WHAT IS HAPPENING IN PALESTINE? Joint Press Statement, 02.06.2007 Feshane / 11 am Omar El Bursh, Palestine Acting Minister of Justice and the Chairman of Constitutional Committee, Member of Parliament Mohammed Farac El Gouls’s press statement: Israelis who have occupied Palestine territories since 1948 have been increasing their expansionist policies day by day and almost left no place for Palestinians to take breath. Now, Palestinians, who fell into the position being refugees in the lands they possessed once, have been undergoing genocide for more than fifty years owing to Israel’s greed for seizing The Promised Land as they regard everything as legitimate for this greed. Violation the international law, they have been assaulting everybody from infants to defenceless old men and women. They maintain that they do for the sake of state security. Illegal acts done by Israelis can be listed as follows: -They have been harassing and surrounding Palestinians continually and they have been compelling them to leave their lands which they possess by establishing new Jewish settlement areas, notably Jerusalem, continuously in Palestine lands. These practices are contrary to the international law and human rights. They have been threatening Palestinians’ future by violating Palestinians’ basic rights.

-Secretly executed capital punishment, political assassinations violate individuals’ freedom of life and safety. Civilians have been tortured by massive punishment. - Raids and attacks of Israel to the West Bank and Gaza strip have destroyed thousands miles of agricultural lands. And Palestinians’ means of existence have been destroyed. -Israel obstructs Palestinians’ living conditions; by imposing pitiless embargoes on the West Bank and Gaza strip, cause more than 75 % of the people will be unemployed and thus impoverish them. -Israel has destructed the infrastructures of Palestinian cities, the cities became uninhabitable, and immigrations have begun. -62% of the Territories of the West Side and Gaza strip were occupied and houses were constructed by Israel. Israel grabbed 90 % of the Palestine territories by this method. -Israel invade Palestinians’ privacy by attacking, raiding, pulling down their houses and their private properties. -The erection of the wall of racial discrimination in Palestine has been going on as the symbol of shame by disregarding the decree about the illegitimacy of the wall (09.07.2004) by International Court of Justice in The Hague. -Innocent civilians are being killed owing to haphazardly bombardments causing to death of a lot of families such as Ebu Selmiyye, Galiye, El-Hayye ve Assamite in Palestine territories. -The source of Palestinians’ anguish is not conflict of interests among Palestinian organizations as reflected to the world. The main reason stems from at-

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tempts of the occupier Israel to overthrow the legal government elected by a democratic and free election (25.01.2006). Zionist Powers spent millions of dollars to their collaborators for the plan to break out a civil war immediately after the election. The most recent plan is Dayton Plan. -Unfortunately, world media gave information partially, ignored the massacres that Israeli powers are still carrying out, the return right of Palestinians compelled to live out of Palestine and the Palestine case itself by keeping high the conflicts between Hamas, Al Fetih and other Palestinian organizations on the world agenda. The best example of this was seen in the capturing incident of the Israeli Soldier called Shalit by the Palestinian resistance fighters. Although this case was excessively high on the agenda, they kept silent when more than 11000 Palestinians were captivated by Israel and in the Lebanon case. There were women, patients, children among the captives. -The plans made for starting civil war failed thanks to Palestinians’ common sense. A great deal of meetings chaired by Egypt among Palestinian groups especially Hamas and Al Fetih have been held recently. So, unfounded rumours and false news about clashes between Palestinians groups were denied by these meetings. First of all, we thank to Turkish Public for the “one million signature” campaign organized in order to free Palestinian MPs, ministers and mayors, which are kept in Israeli prisons. Occupier Zionists have arrested more than 47 mayors including the Palestinian assemble President Aziz DUVEYK and his secretary Dr. Muhammad RIMHI. Ignoring the voice of Turkish pub-

lic, UN, European Parliamentarians and Arab and Muslim Parliamentarians and World Freedom Partisans; occupying leaders did not release the deputies. As if it was not enough, they took some MPs of Al-Hamas and Al-Fetih captive and took over their equipments and closed their offices. Finally, they have arrested Minister of Education Nasır UDIN from National Union Government, Minister Vasfi and a number of MPs. Occupying force is still committing war crimes which are opposite to the international laws. However, nobody prevents or punishes them. Now we are asking you; What would happen if they had arrested a Minister of one of the European Countries or Israel? So, we are calling out to the World and Freedom Fighters in order to stop all of these crimes and make a pressure on Israel. Palestine Public will maintain their fight for freedom; however, this fight hopes and waits for the sensitivity of all human beings in order to gain human honour and life right. Lawyers Association, The Union of NGOs of the Islamic World (UNIW), Foundation of Volunteer Organizations of Turkey (TGTV), International Union of Lawyers, Solidarity Association with the Palestinian People, IHH Humanitarian Relief Foundation.

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TGTV MAKES A CALL FOR UNITY IN PALESTINE

The founder member of UNIW and the largest NGO of Turkey, TGTV , sent a missive asking solidarty to the Palestinian autharities. With regard to this event, TGTV committee met with the Palestine Istanbul Consul Mr. Abdulkerim elHatip, and delivered him the letter by hand. In the meeting delegation Mr. Necati Ceylan (the chairman of TGTV), Mr. Murat Yasa (vice president in charge of international relations of TGTV), Mr. Mustafa Özkaya (UNIW General Coordinator) and Mr. Kamil Ugur Yaralı (President of the Lawyers Association) were present. In this session, they gave information to Mr. al-Hatib about the latest situations in Palestine. The sent letter is given below : CALL FOR UNITY IN PALESTINE The purpose of this missive is to convey Turkish people’s concerns to all parties involved due to the common history, geographical proximity and the support for their case. The case of Palestinians is one of the most important not only because the Palestinians are our brothers and currently being victimized but also we are the children of a common history and civilization and we share the common reverence toward Masjid Al Aqsa. Turkish people have always stood by the Palestinian people with their material and spiritual support particularly to compensate the loss and destruction caused by Israel.

In this context, we believe the following points carry a great weigh of importance, hence it is our utmost desire that they are taken seriously by all parties involved. Any combat or conflict situation among the Palestinian people would only benefit Israel and her allies. The current situation and the confusion and break up from within would have adverse effects in particular over the region but on a larger scale over all the Muslims in the World. 1. The case of Palestine constitutes the heart and conscience of the Muslim Community, therefore any wrong conduct would be disrespectful toward the rights of all Muslims. 2. It is crucial for Palestinians to go back to their own agenda and focus on more essential and vital topics such as the status of Jerusalem, the conditions of refugees and their rights of return. 3. In political and economic contexts, it is of utmost importance to counter all practices of corruption and to ensure clarity and transparency. Formation of guerrilla or gang organizations should be prevented and those involved in such criminal organizations should be tried when they are discovered. 4. Respect is the ultimate and core principal when it comes to justice in being represented and in the choices of peoples using their free will. 5. To conceive this matter as a case of power struggle and to have it launched as such would hurt the case of the Palestinian people.

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6. The established national government should be perpetuated to avoid the past incidents having long term effects and the ways of dialogue should be kept open. 7. The economic, social and political blockades and sanctions on the peoples of Gaza should be ended immediately. 8. We consider Mr. Mahmud Abbas not just as the head of a particular group but as the head of the State of Palestine. At the same time, Mr. Ismail Haniyya is the legitimate Prime Minister and the Palestinian Parliament is the legitimate parliament. In this context to request the sanctions to be removed from one part and not from others would be inappropriate. 9. As is known, the talks between the parties from Palestine that took place in Mecca were well received by the Turkish people as well as the rest of the Muslim World. All parties are urged to abide by the decrees in Mecca Agreement that followed the meeting.

10. Furthermore, the solutions for arising problems should be sought under the leadership of Muslim countries or organizations formed by Muslims. It should be taken into consideration that there will be groups or global actors who will try to take advantage of the current situation. 11. There should be extreme sensitivity and caution for respect for the unity of the nation. As the Turkish People we would like to emphasize that we consider Masjid Al Aqsa as one of the most important central pillars of our civilization and hence to constitute the most important aspect of the Palestinian case. Therefore, we would not accept any attempt, activity, concern or endeavour that can harm this case. We strongly advise each new step to be seriously evaluated and the dialogues between the groups to be hastened urgently and any attempts that weaken the Palestinian people in the local or international platforms to be prevented.

UNIW - TGTV AND AL QUDS INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTION ARE TO COOPERATE
A delegation from Al Quds International Institution visited “UNIW” and “TGTV” in a meeting under the hospitality of Safa Foundation. During the meeting, the cooperation of the both sides in joint projects was discussed. The Al Quds International Institution established under the Presidency of Honorable Sheikh Prof. Dr. Yusuf al Qaradawi made a visit to UNIW and TGTV with a delegation where Sheikh Akram Adlouni (the Secretary General of Al Quds International Institution) offered cooperation with UNIW and TGTV in several Al-Quds related projects. TGTV with the cooperation of , UNIW, came to an agreement and welcomed the offered projects of Al Quds International Institution. According to this project, UNIW and TGTV will be organizing an Al Quds Conference and host the guest delegations from all around the world.

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INTERNATIONAL
CONFERENCE ON

ISLAMOPHOBIA

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ISLAMOPHOBIA OPENING SPEECH / NECMI SADIKOGLU

Honourable Ministers, Your Excellencies, Distinguished Members of Parliament, Valuable guests, Esteemed Scholars, Distinguished friends, Valuable members of the press, Ladies and Gentlemen, 1. Welcome to International Conference on Islamophobia organized by International Non-Governmental Organizations of the Islamic World. The Foundations of International Non-Governmental Organizations of the Islamic World were laid on 01.May.2005 with great excitement and enthusiasm by you, our distinguished guests, who came to Istanbul from all over the world as now. As you remember, Honourable Former speaker of the Turkish Grand National As-

sembley Bülent Arınç and distinguished Former minister of Foreign Affairs and His Excellency President Abdullah Gül honoured our Foundation Congress. The foundation of International NGOs of the Islamic World was formalized in the status of International Union by the decision of Council of Ministers. 2. Two years have passed since we founded this Union.Our process of construction and organization continues. We held Second Ordinary General Assembly Meeting successfully yesterday. At present the number of members has reached 101. 3. So far, we have held meetings of Union Council in Indonesia, Sudan and Holland. Thanks Allah, in every place we went we saw how much the Islamic World needs our union. With each passing day, our excitement and desire for working have gotten bigger and bigger. 4. We organized an aid campaign for our brothers in Kashmir after the catastrophic

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earthquake took place there and coordinated an another one fo r our brothers in Sudan after the flood disaster. 5. Since the day of the foundation of the unity, We are struggling for Palestine, one of the most important issues of Islamic World, and Jerusalem the heart of human beings. We organized a One Million Signature Campaign for Palestinian members of parliament who were in imprisonment, and thanks Allah we reached our goal. 6. Last year we played host to International Union for Muslim Scholars Meeting. With a successful meeting, 300 Muslim Scholars from all over the world gathered together and important decisions for the Islamic World were taken. Today we came together for International Conference on Islamophobia. I tender my thanks to the speakers, participants and our distinguished guests. Dear brothers,

The reasons for organizing this conference and the consequence that we expect from it are as follows: — To generate projects directed at solutions and to make contributions to the world peace by giving way to the handling of the concept of Islamophobia at all points, that is a clear discrimination. To gather experts on the issue from academic environment and non-governmental civil organizations circle, To give the issue political, social and economic dimensions, — To discuss causes and consequences, culpables and culprits and solutions to Islamophobia. — To establish a Monitoring Centre/ Committee that will offer reports and solutions to academic environments and decision making mechanisms. — To prevent personal and institutional incidents, publications and regulations

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through legal means by enabling necessary regulations according to international and national legal norms, To create a broad sensitivity about Islamophobia in international public opinion, To increase sensitivity about Islamaphobic publications in international press organs To eliminate the causes of Islamophobia, a clear discrimination which is threatening the world peace. Thanks to the papers which will be presented by the experts of the subject from all over the world, solution offers and the concequences that the conference will bear, we intend to reach these targets: The concept of islamophobia will be discussed with all details. Causes and consequences feeding the conception will be handled together. — All advocates of the notion, academicians, representatives of non-governmental organizations, political authorities will be brought together, Attention of international public opinion will be drawn to this phenomenon thus a sensitivity will be created against the threats of Islamophopia which is a clear discrimination National and international decision making mechanisms will be urged to take precautions against discriminations that can be defined as Islamophobia A powerful thesis will be developed against the conception that is threatening the world peace. The sensitivity of press organs about the issue will be increased and thus Islamophopic publications will be prevented.

Misconceptions about our culture and civilization and Islam will be restored. — Regular reports will be prepared by the monitoring centre to be established and the reports will be delivered to international decision making mechanisms and media organs. Those who misrepresent and introduce Islamic Culture and Civilization wrongly will be warned and thus misrepresentation will be prevented Attentions of non-governmental organizations will be drawn to the notion of Islamophobia and they will be urged to make researches on it. Distinguished friends, Islamophobia is an apparent danger to world peace and not only just a thought but an open discrimination and crime against the humanity, Islamophobia should be regarded as a crime such as antisemitism, laws have to be made against this dangerous discrimination nourishing from terrorism and racism. The efforts to identify terrorism with Islam are completely ill-intentioned actions and a result of black propaganda intended to increase terrorism. The use of such expressions as Islamic terrorism, Islamofascism is a part of a complete plan of attack agaist Islam intended to spread the Islamophobia. We will struggle together against Islamophobia and Anti-Islamism based on ignorance, malicious politics, provocative media. The ways of this struggle will be the main subject of this conference. In this common struggle especially our religional leaders, reverends, scholars; sivil society representatives, academicians and

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politicians have very important duties. Islam and terror are two concepts that are not possible to be cited together. But unfortunately, due to the mounted campaigns, Islamophobia has become a socialogical fact and malicious means and result of Anti-Islamism which is a political gun. As a result of Islamophobiac politics, broadcasts, publications and actions Muslims are subject to a great deal of discrimination, vexations and ill-treatment in every part of the world. Islamophobia is the newest but the most perilous malignancy the world has ever come across. Islamophobia is an open and a dreadful human rights violation. Islamophobic broadcasts, publications and expressions containing Islam and terrorism together are giving strength to disaster scenarios created against world peace. I wish this conference that we shall search solutions to the most imaginary fear of the human history to bear good results. Valuable friends, We already know that old answers are insufficent compared to new questions. We must jerk ourselves out of this somnolent state, with methods suited to both the place and the time, and explain the truths of Islam, in cooperation, thoroughly to Muslims and non-muslims and without fear when needed, make self- criticism free of prejudices. History and next generations will judge us if we do not pull our weight. We are members of a religion which glorifies goodness, beauty, interdependence, morality, knowledge and wisdom. Throughout the history our humane virtues arising from our belief system carried peace, toler-

ance towards differences and brotherhood wherever they arrived. When we look at the picture of the current world, which seems troublesome, we observe that the humanity must ponder over the messages of the heavenly religions, notably of our religion once again. We come from such a civilisation that it glorifies truth above all instead of power, peace instead of conflict, justice instead of cruelty, moral intangibles instead of materialism, knowledge and enlightenment instead of ignorance, morality and conscience instead of greed, sharing instead of opportunism, us instead of me. We come from a civilisation which held together mosque, synagogue and church in peace. We come from a civilisation which does not consume wildly, support cruel competition, exploit, tyrannize or let others tyrannize. We come from a civilisation which is friendly with the environment, regards itself and other things as the signs of divine power and respects them and does the necessary. We come from a civilisation which loves created because of creator. We come from a civilisation which works, produces, distributes equally and protects the weak. Because of these reasons fear-based expressions which created against Islam and Muslims are groundless and have no support. The real point is how to struggle against these baseless fear scenarios. Forthcoming years have very important and critical crossroads that we must struggle against islamophobia and Anti-Islamism for maintaining world and humanity peace. I wish us to turn successfully at these vital crossroads. With these thoughts and feelings I wish this conference to be successful, welcome every attendant and offer my respects.

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Two solutions for Islamophobia: The Proper Tabligh and Effective Tamsil (Representation and Presentation)

—Ali Kurt UNIW Deputy Secretary General and Representative of Turkey

The way for saving Islam from being ‘the unknown other’ is to make the communication systematized. The ‘systematical communication’ means the strong and capable communication and only by this way, ‘the deliberate ignorance’ can be removed. Unfortunately, firstly, some prejudices coming from the past and still existing in the West and also in some Muslim countries and secondly, forming the ‘the deliberate ignorance’ about Islam have become the instruments and preferences of power centers taking decisions. ‘The deliberate ignorance’ is the result of the ‘selfish ideas’ and the politic desires. So, using the communication is not enough. It has to be systematized. The persons who will represent the Islam have to know Islam widely and also, they have to endure it and be equipped with effective blessed causes. The most effective instrument against Islamphobia and the antipathy of Islam is to raise a generation who have the knowledge of ‘solid examples’, ‘speaking evidences’ and the principle of ‘dissembling’. Having this knowledge is one of the most important characteristics of the Prophets and especially

Our Prophet’s(PBUH). If the human resource raised with the appropriate thoughts and works, be equipped with the devotion, it will produce the fruit of strong personalities called as the ‘the pious foundation person’ in the Islamic terminology and that is the base stone of the systematical communication. In other words, they are the trained and well-educated staff. Just as the power and spread of means of communication urges Islamophobia it may offer solution potential as long as it is used in a good way. As it is the element of effective tabligh we underline it once more. Another duty of the owners of systematic tabligh in information disorder and publication intensity is the preparation of satisfying, tested, printed and audio-visual publications devoid of extravagances directed at the cures for diseases. The power and legitimacy of the facts also necessitate power and legitimacy of means. The rightfulness and legacy of conveyed facts does not mean one can refer any means of communication.

“Alhaqqu ya’lu wala yu’la alaih” meaning “Allah is superior to everything.” Nothing can be superior to Allah is a common principle. Ustad Bediuzzaman answers the questions, “Why is power superior to right then? Why is the follower of the truth a loser against the follower of false?” as follows: If the follower of the truth, the follower of faith does not use right matters will be a loser against the illusion of the follower of false. Here lies the superiority of right against false. There is a reason for creation and mystery of creation. One who attains it uses a true reason. In that case, tabligh in this time, in other words “i’la kalimatullah” is dependant upon materialistic progress. In relation to the topic, to perform a sound act of service of tabligh, it is very crucial that the Islamic countries, our people and institutions progress in terms of material things and establish powerful structures. Lastly, the most significant must of the systematic religious communication or the roof that provides the unity of the other necessary things is a sustainable coordination and

a permanent unity, the unity of Islam. Here, the unity of NGOs of the Islamic World that makes us get together has a great importance. Some Islamophobic publishings and policies, and some important events and political games set in this sense benefits from the disconnection, the lack of coordination and cooperation, the inability to experience transfer and prejudices and enmities among Muslims. In this conjuncture, to insist on fruitless methods, to defend the actions strengthening alignments disconnected from the spirit of union and cooperation in an obstinate and dogmatic way, to ignore the means of tabligh, being closed to the realistic understanding, is a serious disease that must to be urgently treated. In the struggle against Islamophobia, it is indispensable must that we have to get rid of our own baseless, worthless, rootless imaginary phobias. It constitutes of the systematic religious communication in our world getting smaller that the consciousness of the unity and cooperation, shaped in the catchword “Without any doubt, the believers of Allah are brothers.”

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Islamophobia: Challenges And The Way Out
—Ahmad Azam Abdul Rahman UNIW Representative Member of Malaysia Deputy president WADAH

Islamophobia and Women Rights
—Ahmed Mohammed Sharqawe Professor of Islamic Studies in Al-Azhar University and Qassim University

The earliest religion and code of human existence is Islam, albeit it was the last to be revealed to mankind upon perfection through the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The forerunners of Islam, Judaism and Christianity, neither made great impact nor meet the Almighty God’s expectations. Both were hijacked by certain groups of people for their narrow communal and political interests. Therefore, the religion of Islam had to be revealed in its perfected (religion-made-easy) form, to better guide mankind in seeking God’s favor as well as in performing their spiritual obligations. But being a perfected religion, Islam earned the envy of the other two forerunners that felt threatened of losing their flocks. They rallied their still unwary adherents to reject Islam outright with all the negative implications to preserve their leadership. However, in territories that the earlier religions have not penetrated, Islam spread like wild fire even without the aid of the sword, especially amongst pagans and animists. As the dominance of the older religions was threatened, some untoward repercussions led to

wars of attrition which mostly ended in favor of Islam. These could have triggered the phenomenon of what today is known as “Islamophobia.” Islamophobia takes different form among different groups and individuals. The European orientalists for instance blamed Islam for the “lack of democratic and scientific developments in Muslim countries.” They also argued that Muslims are not capable to lead in a democratic society and to hold values antithetical to religious tolerance and world peace. Their views are supported by America’s neoconservatives who intimidate scholars of academia that present a balanced view of Islam and the Middle East. They smear writers who criticize American foreign policy and Israel’s treatment of Palestinians. Not long after, however, the orientalists’ views were exposed by Dr. Edward Said as being built on false premise. Dr. E. Said argued that Islam was used to justify Europe’s colonial ambitions in the Muslim world. His authentic presentations of Islam as a vibrant religion, and the fact that Muslims shared many of Western values and concerns, were highly profound that the orientalists tried to refute but never fully recovered.

erations school, she is the basic factor in building society, she is firm strong hold for this religion, she is the righteous wife, advised sister, sympathetic mother, the kind daughter, the springs or sympathetic, the security strong holds, lights of houses and she is the supports of family. Islam recommend goodness concerning women an give her its rights, ennobled her as a wife, mother, daughter and sister: ennobled her as mother to make paradise under her foots, make her filial piety cause for paradise, ennobled her as wife, when Islam make her mercy and cordiality and a source of love, ennobled her as a daughter when Islam makes her learning and favor on her keeping from hell fire. With this great position which the women acquired from Islam and these care which the women obtained in the lights of its instructions: but the enemies of Islam made a dispute between Islam and women, in order to distrust in Islam and turning the Muslim women form her Islamic law, and deprivation her from justice, mercy, blessings of Islam, depredating her from the way of dignity, purity and straight which clarified by God law, besides turning non Muslims from thinking in this matter.

Praise is to Allah, prayers and peace of Allah is the seal of prophet after that: Islam is a comprehensive system, complete legislation, justice rule, and realist course care about human nature, and implementing balance between interests of individual, family and society, the religion of justice, purity, dignity, straight and piety, a religion declare about its self during its trust call, sincere doctrine, honorable law, kind morals, kind etiquettes and its pure resource: the book of Allah and the Sunna of his prophet (peace be upon him ). Women in Islam has great rank, and honorable position, she is the first teacher in gen-

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Islamophobia: False Impressions and Genuine Concerns
—Ahmad von Denffer Chairman „Muslime Helfen“ (Muslims help) Germany

Islamophobic Discourse Masquerading as Art and Literature
— Dr. Anas Al-Shaikh Ali Chair of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS UK) and Chair of the Forum Against Islamophobia and Racism (FAIR)

what they perceive to be “Muslim” behaviour. In response to this situation, a thorough analysis needs to differentiate between false impressions and genuine concerns. Both false impressions as well as genuine concerns need to be taken seriously. Many of the genuine concerns may again be based on errors and false impressions, while some may also be based on facts. These fact-based genuine concerns cannot really be included under “Islamophobia”, however they do have a great impact on the relationship between Muslims and Non-Muslims and therefore require attention as much as prejudices and misinformation. False impressions and prejudices may hopefully be removed through constant and patient efforts to present the facts about Islam on a variety of platforms. With regards to genuine factbased concerns, “Muslim” behaviour needs to be adjusted to reach conformity with proper Islamic standards. Even after that some areas of disagreement between NonMuslims and Muslims would remain. However these disagreements will truly reflect the differences that exist and therefore need to be accepted.

Examining the resurgence of Islamophobia and tracing its seeds to the Mid-Late Victorian era, the paper will examine a selection of “classical” literary works including literature, paintings and sculptures to investigate this very early use of public culture propaganda as a tool to mould and affect public opinion. The paper will then examine modern attempts to incite morality-laden anger and volatile insecurity amongst the general public through popular culture. There will be a slide show depicting historical and contemporary examples of the latter to show their relevance to the current situation. The paper will also discuss the challenge and impact of Islamophobia and touch upon the importance of education in equipping pupils and students with the tools of critical thinking and socio-spiritual-cultural “awareness of the other” to generate a society of citizens who can think for themselves and can combat the fallacy of emotional manipulation and stereotypes.

The term „phobia“, borrowed from psychology, in combination with Islam does not adequately describe the phenomena commonly understood as “Islamophobia”. However uncertain fears and anxieties with regards to Islam and Muslims do exist among many Non-Muslims and are promoted by interested parties. Cases in point from the experience of Muslims in Germany by way of example are the issues of headscarf (hijab) and construction of mosques. By and large non-Muslim public and published opinion about Islam is not based on knowledge of prime Islamic sources. Rather Non-Muslims understand and judge Islam by

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Concept of Jihad: Some Reflections

Constructing American Islamophobia: The Role of Media and Identity
—Erik C. Nisbet Lecturer, Department of Communication Cornell University

—Prof. Dr Anis Ahmad Riphah International University, Islamabad

Jihad, incorrectly translated as “holy war” has been a topic of extra ordinary interest in the non-Muslim scholarship for the past two centuries. Western orientalists as well as Muslim apologists, in their own ways, have approached the subject. While orientalists in general talk about it as militant tool for proscelitization, Muslim apologists define it as a defensive act, which is no more relevant in a “tolerant”, “peace loving” world of today. For them jihad has lost its relevance in the modern world. Therefore no need to refer to jihad in the text books in schools. They think while teaching the Qur’an, hadith and tarikh topic of jihad should not be highlighted. This paper makes an effort to approach the subject from a Human Rights and peace perspective. Relevant Qur’anic ayat and hadith are studied in order to understand the real meaning. Impact of jihad in the life of a Muslim and its impact on others is also explored. The paper presents jihad as a strategy for peace, order and justice in human society.

Negative attitudes and intolerance toward Islam and Muslims have been on the rise within the United States in recent years. This paper empirically examines what factors drive these public opinion trends, with a special focus on the role of the mass media. The paper has three sections. The first section discusses the state of American public opinion toward Islam and Muslims and how it has progressively evolved since the September 11th attacks. The second part employs a series of national public opinion polls conducted by the author that explore how different media use patterns, combined with American religious and political identities, impact both political tolerance toward Islam and the formation of Islamophobic attitudes. The last section discusses the study’s implications for developing communication strategies addressing the problem of Islamophobia within the United States.

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The Attitudes of Major Global Powers towards Islam and Moslems
— Dr. Hassan Abou Taleb Assistant Director, Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, Egypt

Islamophobic Act As Human Rights Issue
— Dr. Haytham Manna Spokesperson of the Arab Commission for Human Rights President of IBH

launched war against Afghanistan late 2001 or Iraq on March 2003, didn’t justified it in terms of religious reasons. In many occasions, some major world leaders such as President Bush and President Putin declared their respect to Islam and to Moslem communities in their countries. Both presidents expressed their belief that Islam is not related to terrorism. Nowadays, Islam and Moslem world represent a big problem to the Global Powers. This problem extends to Islam as a religion and for Moslems whom are living outside or inside. After 9/11 attacks on New York and Washington, the relations with Islam considered a sensitive national security issue, which needs a lot of efforts, money, and creative policies in different arenas. In the last 6 years, the relations between the Global Powers, especially USA and some Europeans Countries, with Moslem countries witnessed a tall list of negative accidents, even dangerous features. In the official aspect, no Global Power - including USA, Russia, China, European Union and India declared that Islam is a threat should be confronted. None of them considered itself in case of war against Islam or any Moslem country. Even USA when In the other hand, the political realties tell us a variant version. The prevailing discourse in media and intellectual productions consider Islam a dangerous threat and that Moslem peoples living inside should be enforced to go out or adjust themselves completely with the local type of life. In this context there are a highly antagonistic voices calling for segregating the Moslems in special places. This dualism is expounded by the nature of democracy. Actually the issue more complicated than that. The hostile discourse against Islam and Moslems, both inside and outside, formulate the public opinions attitudes which the politicians should keep up with. Logically, this formula produces a complicated situation and raises the levels of mutual misunderstanding between Moslems and Global powers.

Like anti-Semitism, the term Islamophobia is born in Europe. Used for the first time in 1925, it becomes a great challenge for Human Rights defenders in the 80th and 90th of the last century. Refused by a number of secular intellectuals in France, it has been criticized by a number of commentators for its loose definition and broad application and its use remains a contested issue. ‘War against terrorism’ and amalgam between Islam-Immigration and terrorism make from Islamophobia today, as Doudou Diène, Special Reporter on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance in the HCHR, said in December 2006: the most Important phenomena of racism in Europe today. Bearing in mind debates concerning the definition and application of the term ‘Islamophobia. Our intervention tentatively explores the Human Rights issues broadly based on the definitions of racism and racial discrimination. This paper calls for an international additional mechanisms, including the UN General Assembly, to treat the different expression of Islamophobia as it is defined by Human Rights defenders today.

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Countering Islamophobia: The Obligation of Scholars
— Dr. Iqbal Unus Director of The Fairfax Institute (TFI)

Islamophobia: Prejudice and Strategy
— Dr. Louay Safi Research Director, International Institute of Islamic Thought, Herndon

in anti-Islamic rhetoric out of ignorance. Islamophobia is also a consequence of deliberate effort by those who, while ostensibly promoting and defending values of freedom, tolerance and democracy, insist that they alone can and will define the debate. The obligations of Muslim scholars begin with understanding the true nature of Islamophobia. Muslim scholars will be well advised to seek active involvement in various theatres of academic discourse in the West, as well as identify Christian and other groups to build inter-faith alliance with. Today’s pervasive medium is the Internet. Therefore, Islamophobic statements on websites, blogs and such, must be responded to with credible scholarship, in the process exposing the Islamophobes as to who they are and what their objectives are. Long-term strategic attempts to reduce Islamophobia must focus on education. Education should address racist attitudes and behavior from an early age and focus on elimination of racism and racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. In addition, Western academic institutions must reevaluate their curriculum on all levels and purge material that may encourage or promote violence or hatred towards others through Islamophobia and xenophobia.

bridge the divide, or at least change the perceptions of a divide, between the Muslim world and the West. The Far right draws its ranks from the fringes of the Christian Right and the neoconservatives, particularly those who see in the indigenization of Islam and the presence of authentic Muslim voices in the United States a direct threat to their ability to manipulate the public and promote their narrow religious and foreign policy agenda. Blaming Islam and Muslims for the rise of terrorism that threatens the United States and the West is at the heart of the strategy developed by individuals and groups whose systemic attacks on Islam and Muslims, borne out of either ignorance or hatred, constitute the recent and painful reality we call Islamophobia. Islamophobia is a strategic weapon in the campaign to marginalize American Muslims by ideological extremists and paranoid bigots. This renewed focus on Islam as a problem has been justified by invoking security concerns. Many experts in Middle East and Islamic Studies departments have their ancestral roots in Middle Eastern and Muslim cultures. Many American Muslims are active in the debate on how best to Top administration figures have moved from calling the current war against groups involved in indiscriminate killing of civilians a war on “terrorism” to a war on “Islamic terrorism,” “Islamist terrorism,” and “radical Islam.” Most recently, top leaders in the Bush administration, including George Bush and Condoleezza Rice, have accepted the argument, popular among the Far Right that the war on terror aims at preventing Muslim extremists from establishing an “Islamic Caliphate” and an “Islamic Empire.” Have the Far Right succeeded in pushing their extremist views on Islam and Muslim into mainstream political discourse? Are those who want to turn the war on terror into a war on Islam getting the ears of government agencies and political leaders?

Even though Islamophobia is relatively new in our consciousness, it dates back centuries, and has ancestral and intellectual roots that must be researched by Muslim scholars. Islamophobia compounds antagonism against the religion of Islam with enmity towards individual Muslims. It is built on negative perceptions of Islam as exemplified by extremists on its fringes. Often Islamophobia is the result of Islamophobes’ dishonest contextualization of Qur’anic verses. A glaring example is Robert Spencer’s book about Prophet Muhammad, which illustrates the need for Muslim scholars to deconstruct its claim to expose the “true” nature of Islam. Since Islamophobia is the irrational and unreasonable fear of Islam, Muslim scholars need to connect with people who engage

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Manifestation of Islamophobia in Public Affairs
— Dr. Ahmet Bakcan Paris VII University, Lecturer

Concept of Jihad
— M. Fahmy HOWEIDY Columnist and deputy editor-in-chief AlAhram newspaper

manifestation of an historical mentality underlies the manner of opposition and disagreement experienced in the recent era. It is possible to see that under the reasons of socio-cultural fluctuations that have occured since the beginning of the 20th century, there lies the idea of anti-religion starting by the French Revolution in 1789 and continuing with the purging of religious people from the educational circles in 1879s, and reinforced by the invention of secularism in 1905. As Albert Camus stated in his La Peste, racism and discrimination is “Plague bacillus neither dies nor disappears, there is a plague bacillus somewhere in our rooms or amidst our clothes” Plague bacillus of yesterday was antisemitism, and today it appears as racism and discrimination. Witnessed in France, The New Trend of Islamophobia, is not in a different form than the one in the other countries of Europe. This Islamophobia, appearing in the scope of xenophobia and anti-immigrant notion, is examined as a National Problem in France, and it is a mode of rejection and form of resistance to Islam that has been gallicized in the historical aspect.

Although the impacts are varied from country to country, Anti - Muslim / Islam manners and attidutes are observed virtually all over the world and particularly in Europe, and they trigger serious disputes. France is among the leading countries where the debate is put to tender most frequently in the recent era. Having broken the Medieval domination of The Church by the Revolution, for over 200 years, France has been vigilant, in general, for the religion phenomenon and particularly for any of the diverse trends that might emerge, and eliminated this diversity sometimes by meeting its costs. In fact, a

While the word jihad is probably the most famous word associated with Islam today, it is largely viewed as a negative term that’s widely synonymous with terrorism. The behaviour and action of some Muslims have contributed to this unfortunate perception, but a significant part of the blame lies with out-of-context and selective western approach towards jihad. In Islam, jihad has 13 levels which are mostly civil. Jihad by fighting is encouraged only defense purposes when a Muslim is subject to aggression. The paper attempts to explain the concept of jihad in Islam, how it has been manipulated by various parties -and thus misunderstood- and suggests solutions to overcome this perception.

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Anti-Terror Laws: Promoting Security or Dividing Communities
— Massoud Shadjareh Chairman, IHRC

Muslims’ Contribution to Islamophobia In America
— Dr. Merve Kavakci Lecturer, George Washington University International Affairs

The British government will soon introduce a new terrorism bill which it says is in the interests of our safety and security and designed to ensure that we will prevail in this never-ending ‘war on terror’. With scores of young Muslims in Britain being arrested every month under existing anti-terror laws, one would be forgiven for believing that these laws are necessary to prevent any future atrocities and protect innocent lives. But the difficulty arises when on closer examination, it emerges that the vast majority of those arrested are released without charge and that even those who are ultimately convicted are, as one high court judge stated, “no closer to a bomb or a firearm than a computer keyboard”. For British anti-terror laws have effectively criminalized simple everyday activities such as photography, tourism, studying engineering, camping, research and even poetry. The discriminatory manners in which these laws have been used to target the Muslim community alone have even resulted in the persecution of Muslim lawyers who defend terror suspects. With politicians, the judiciary and the media associating levels of religiosity with “extremism”, rather than achieving security, these laws and their implementation only serve to divide communities in Britain and foster hatred of the “Other”.

In the post-September 11 America, profiling has become increasingly pertinent to the “Muslim” experience. This has entailed the emergence of the notion “Islamophobia” as a salient concern in Muslim American, civil and human rights circles. Neo-con Washingtonians who are also known to be the entrenchers of Orientalist assumptions at a global scale, at the outset of the new millennium, are rendered liable for the most part, for the rise of Islamophobia in today’s America. In this paper, after delineating the theoretical framework within which Islamophobia burgeons, I zero in on several positioning of the Muslims of US in response to the changing environment in the hands of neo-cons. I provide a reverse reading of Muslims’ re-actions. I argue that their stance not only lacks the necessary tools to counter Islamophobia but, more importantly, and maybe deleteriously, albeit inadvertently, contributes to its further augmentation.

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INTERNATIONAL
CONFERENCE ON

ISLAMOPHOBIA

“The OIC/NGOs Cooperation in Combating Islamophobia”
— Dr. Mojtaba AMIRI VAHID Deputy of OIC Mission to UN Geneva Office

Fundamental Questions About The Concept Of Islamophbia
— Dr. Moncef Marzouki Researcher Writer

In the past, the driving force of Islamophobia was base on religion, but present-day Islamophobia has taken new forms stemming from societal changes linked with significant waves of immigrations and the growing political and economic assertiveness of Muslim countries. Islamophobia which is rooted in the long standing Oreintalism discourse in the western societies, could be seen as a direct consequence of the Cold wartype of ideology building on, “Clash of civilizations” and religions –MacJihad verses Modernization, “Us and Them”, “enlightenment against darkness,” “civilization against barbarism”, “good against evil”, which according to the UN Special Rapporteur is dominated in several political and intellectual circles of Western societies. Indeed, according to the frequent reports of UN Special Rapporteur there are two main factors which depict the rise of Islamophobia: a) the Intellectual legitimization of hostility toward Islam and its adherents and b) the political tolerance of such hostility in many countries. These two growing trends “not only pose a direct threat to the safeguard of the rights of Muslim individuals, but also to the very democratic foundations of many societies.”

Islamophobia is a multifaceted and complicated present-day phenomenon. It is a pertinent task to define the matter conceptually, explain its manifestations and underlying its causes, and identifying preventive and preemptive measures for tackling with its current expressions through advocating legal binding instruments in national and international levels. Islamophobia refers to a baseless hostility and fear of religion of Islam and as a result fear of and aversion towards all Muslims. Some prefer to use anti-Islam or anti-Muslim instead of Islamophobia, although each concept has its own merit, they can be used interchangeably.

Because Islamophobia sounds like a medical word, I would like to address it as a physician, my concern being to make the most comprehensive and objective diagnosis of the issue we are debating. In my medical practice, the approach might be painful because of the tests or because of an unexpected diagnosis. But it is the only way to tackle the problem for the benefit of the patient.I hope that some participants would accept, with my apologies, the pain that might be provoked by what I am going to explain. Islamophobia is a word made of Islam and Phobia. All of us here are supposed to know what Islam is, but not necessarily what means Phobia. This word coming from ancient Greek refers in psychiatry and psychoanalysis, to painful feelings such as blocking fear, disgust, and anxiety, leading some times to dangerous behaviours. Therefore we must ask ourselves if all westerners, Russians, Hindus and other populations among them live Moslems have such pathological feelings and behaviours towards them! If we accept that the word is not relevant, and that in fact Islamophobia refers simply to ignorance about Islam,

confusion between religion and politics, hidden racism against Moslems, the question became so what and what is new? The word has been used for the first time in 1921, by Etienne Dinet and Slimane Ben Brahim in their book ‘’ L’orient vu de l’occident’’ describing hostile attitudes against Moslems as ancient as the conflict between the conquering Islam and the religions and cultures that he confronted. The racism against Arabs in France and Turks in Germany did not begin after September 11. I am not denying the rising discrimination that Moslems are suffering from, or the existence of negative feelings against Islam in the Western countries, in Russia or in India. A physician never dismisses the symptoms his patient is complaining from. He just has to interpret them, not necessarily like the patient does or would like them to be interpreted. The symptoms might be less, or more serious than he believes. They might be the signals of an other problem he did not expect. To go further in our diagnosis let us ask the question: Who, and for what purpose, is stirring old fears against Moslems and Islam, pushing towards the clash of civilization?

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What Can Muslims Do to Oppose Islamophobia?: Lessons from Canada
— Nader Hashemi Visiting Assistant Professor University of California – Los Angeles (UCLA)

The Political Exploitation of Islamophobia in Post–Communist Albania
— Olsi Jazexhi PhD researcher, European University Institute in Florence

During upon a decade of experience as a Muslim political activist in Canada, it will be argued that are numerous steps Muslims should be taking to stop the rise Islamophobia and that traditional Muslim passivity in challenging Islamophobia has in fact allowed it to proliferate. A key battleground is in the realm of human rights. Drawing upon the Qur’anic verse (4:135) an argument will constructed that the failure of Muslim organizations/groups to criticize acts of violence by fellow Muslims -- out of fear that it might contribute to Islamophobia -- is a strategy that has backfired. Rather than abating the spread of Islamophobia -- this strategy of silence -- has given credence to Muslim-haters in the West and contributed to the rise of Islamophobia. Moral consistency is required, not moral hypocrisy. Finally, it will argued that the failure of Muslims to be self-critical is also a denial of the Qur’anic ideal embodied in 4:135 where Muslims are encouraged to “stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to God, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin.”

The paper ‘the Political Exploitation of Islamophobia in post–communist Albania’ gives a resume to the historical and present usages of Islamophobia by different religious, political, intellectual and artistic actors of modern Albania. The first part of the paper starts its narrative during the era of communism, when Islamophobia and Turkophobia were two major elements that the communists used for constructing the modern Albanian identity, in opposite with Albanians’ inherited cultural heritage from the Ottomans. While, the second part, the paper travels in the realities of post-communist Albania. Here Islamophobia is exploited by different political and intellectual quarters, for legitimizing political ambitions and projecting the new modern enemy of the ‘European’ Identity of Albanians with Islam. While during the era of communism the Muslims of Albania were portrayed as anadol-

Islamophobia is on the rise. Everyday anti-Muslim and Islamic prejudice becomes more acceptable and mainstream in Europe and North America. From television programming, to political debate, to intellectual discussion, overt racism and discrimination against Muslims and mean-spirited attacks against Islam have become almost fashionable in some circles. While recognizing the danger of this growing social phenomenon this paper poses a challenge to Muslims by asking the critical question: what can Muslims do to oppose Islamophobia?

lakë (Anatolians), prapanikë (backward), tradhëtare (turncoats), dallkaukë (idiots), turqeli (little Turks), dylberë (homosexuals), aziatikë (Asians), fanatikë (fanatics), bixhozçinj (gamblers), përdhunues (rapist) and barbarë (barbarians), after the fall of communism Islamophobia found new usages. People from Ismail Kadare, Fatos Nano, Remzi Lani, Piro Misha and many more, who in the past were high members of communist nomenclature, after the fall of communism started using the so-called American war on terror and the theories of clash of civilizations, for legitimizing their grip on power and reviving the old communist hatred and stereotypes against Muslims, the Ottomans and the Islamic heritage of Albania. But if during the communist past, Islamophobia was projected as a tool for fighting the Ottoman heritage and Islam was treated as a remnant of the Turkish invasion, at present days Albania, it is being projected against the newly Islamized Albanians who are portrayed as ‘Arabized’, ‘threat to national security’, ‘foreigners and the other of the modern Albanian’, ‘the main obstacle for Albania’s attempts to join the European Union’ and ‘remnants of the Turkish invasion’.

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35

INTERNATIONAL
CONFERENCE ON

ISLAMOPHOBIA

The Sociology Of Fear

American Exceptionalism, Globalization and Islamophobia: Double Discrimination
— Saied Reza Ameli Associated Professor of Media and Cyber Studies – University of Tehran

— Prof. Dr. Yasin Aktay Selçuk University, Faculty of Science and Art, Department of Sociology

The fear of communism in the McCarthy Period of USA, the fear of the Jews in Germany, the cultural Revolution of Mao’s China, the great fears of capitalism or counter-revolution supporting the great cleansing operations of Stalin, the “fear from the negro” in America and South Africa resulted in the great discrimination… In all these examples fear is employed as instrument for the elite domination, but in turn also convincing the masses through conspiracy theories it worked as a mass ideology. Anti-Semitism, had brought about the emergence of a human tragedy through the creation of a fear from the Jews. Humanity has paid the cost of the fascism prepared and elaborated by this fear by the life of several millions of Jews and about 30 millions of other people. So there has been elaborated a sensitivity in Europe against the fears that might surrounding the political sphere. In all the mentioned examples it has been seen clearly that all no one of the object of the fear had the potential to produce any threat to those who were afraid. However, it has been proved that these fears have been employed as reasons to exclude some people from their human rights, to realize systematical discriminative policies against them.

Therefore after a long and rich period of experience it has been agreed that such fears are either psychological diseases (phobias) that should be rehabilitated and should be precluded from dominating the political or social spheres, or they are something produced or abused as political instrument to control the political sphere. In any case, the possibility of the revival of the fears as political power instrument could not be excluded yet. As a matter of fact especially in relation to the Muslims in the entire world the political is ruled by such production of fears. These fears are feeding each other as political instruments and as psychological diseases. The sociology of fear propose to think on the employment of fear in the political discourses as instrument, on the reality and availability of this fear. Furthermore the importance of the Subject of fear (who fears) is emphasized. The impact of the fear on the object who is being afraid and on the one who is afraid should be distinguished. Since, as it is told in this paper, when the one who is afraid is in power or is the dominant-major part of the society, then the possibility of the emergence of systematic human right violations, discrimination based on that fear is quite higher and higher.

Islamophobia is about negative representation of Islam and Muslim through encoding Muslims and Islam by phobic concepts such as violence, terror, fundamentalism, anti-humanism and uncivilized behavior. This destructive ideology has two overt and covert dimensions. The overt dimension of Islamophobia is related to variety ways of representation of Islam and Muslims in literature, television, radio and cinema productions. The covert and hidden aspect of Islamophobia is related to Ideology of Exceptionalism embodied in Americacentrism and Euro-centrism. Such an exceptionalism explain the major force and major cause of ‘revenge culture’ in Europe and America, which respect one and reject the rest. Islamophobia is explaining why and how conflicts between so called the West and Muslim World expanded in the post September 11th world policy of the United States and its allay around the world. Islamophobia is conceptual ground which one can reflect covert aspects of devaluation, misperception and misrepresentation of Islam and Muslims internally and externally. Islamophobia instru-

mented as a code of fact for war against any Islamic countries and code of legitimation of violence against Muslims. There is serious trend to exaggerate Islam and Muslims to more hatred environment by emphasizing on “Islamofascism’. Islamophobia used as tools for ‘otherization’ or ‘segregation between Muslims and others’ which works for Isolation and demonization of largest religious community around the world. This isolation and demonization convey mistrust, misunderstanding, communication noise, mutation of Muslims and legitimating war and violence against Muslims if it happened. Islamophobia can also seen as a “minority policy’ for either negative immigration policy to force Muslim to leave USA and European Countries or at least slow down the trend of Muslim immigrations to USA and European Countries. According to such a discourse this paper, will examine connection between American Exceptionalism as a ‘domination ideology’ and globalization as an instrument for ‘globalization of American Ideology’ and it’s effects on crating ‘hatred environment’ and ‘revenge culture’ against Muslims in the form of Double discrimination around the world.

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Islamophobia and Its Impact on the American Muslim Community
— Dr. Sulayman S. Nyang Howard University, United States of America

South America: The Unknown West. Opportunities for dialogue and alternatives for relations among civilizations
— Dr. Susana Mangana Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies, Montevideo, Uruguay

destroyed by a counter- image manufactured by foes and enemies of the religion. There are clearly identifiable elements that can be labeled as purveyors of hate against the religion and its believers. Unfortunately, there are also certain Muslims who contribute to this phenomenon and their words and deeds are partly responsible for this matter. This paper wishes to explore the rise of these political animals whose activities foster what has been called the Clash of Civilizations. The purpose of this paper is to look at the word Islam phobia and to trace its origins as well as the manner in which it has affected the Muslim community. Primary attention is devoted to the problem and its impact on Muslims in the West. The first part of the paper deals with the idea and the manner in which it is conceptualized by its perpetrators. The second part is to explore the different dimensions it affects in Muslim existence in Western societies. The third part of the paper addresses Muslim reactions to the phenomenon and their attempts to contain and defeat it in the Western public square. The final section gives the author’s conclusions on the subject.

Iguazu (Brasil) have reopened the door for criminalizing Muslims. Moreover, recent strengthening of bilateral relations between Venezuela and Iran has set off the alarms among Jewish communities in the region that also instrumentalise cultural differences with Islam. However, the common citizen of Argentina, Brazil or Uruguay realise nowadays that there is a need to understand what Islam really represents and what being a Muslim means in order to discard prejudices. Thus, it would be interesting for Islamic nations to come closer to South America and to show there Islamic culture in a thorough and complete manner, including the rich cultural legacy Muslims left the West. This can be achieved by financing courses and seminars and opening cultural centres to spread Islamic culture and different Middle Eastern languages throughout South America. Besides, cultural exchange programs involving students from both sides of the Atlantic ocean would contribute towards a bigger understanding and a exchange of information between Islamic societies and a much friendlier side of Western civilization.

Islam is one of the four major world religions. It is also described as the fastest growing faith among humankind. This image of Islam as a world religion and as a popular community of believers is being

When analysing Islamophobia in South America we can distinguish remarkable differences with the developed West. Although all South American countries identify themselves with western values and culture, their recent history –which was marked by military governments and dictatorshiphas shown them the degrees of information manipulation and interference to which the United –States resorted in their own nations. Hence, they maintain a more objective stand towards news dealing with Islam and Arabic countries. Nevertheless, a terrorist attack against the AMIA (Jewish medical centre) in Buenos Aires in 1994 or suspicions about Islamic terrorist activity in Foz de

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INTERNATIONAL
CONFERENCE ON

ISLAMOPHOBIA

“The Role of the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights in Combating Intolerance against Muslims”
— Taskin Tankut Soykan Adviser on Combating Intolerance and Discrimination Against Muslims, OSCE/ODIHR

Islamophobia in Europe: A New Evil?
— Vincent GEISSER Researcher in Political Science and Sociology at Research Institute on the Arabic and Moslem World (IREMAM)

Islamophobia is unfortunately an increasing phenomenon which threatens stability and security within countries and in international relations. Therefore, it requires our consistent attention and intensive efforts of the OSCE. The first OSCE standalone decision specifically on tolerance and non-discrimination was adopted during the 2002 Porto Ministerial Council Meeting. This decision calls for the increased efforts of the OSCE and participating States to promote tolerance and non-discrimination in all fields. It further affirms the importance of freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief, and condemns all forms of discrimination and violence, including against any religious group or individual believer. The decision also recognizes the need to combat hate crimes, which can be fuelled by racist, xenophobic, and anti-Semitic propaganda on the Internet, a digital area where the most extreme forms of racial and religious hate speech take place. The roots of this decision can be traced back to the 1975 Helsinki Final Act provisions which are related to non-discrimination, freedom of religion and protection of minorities. The commitments made in 2002 have been subsequently

followed by a series of specific decisions which are taken during the annual meetings of the Ministerial Council. However, not until the 2004 decision of the Permanent Council (PC Dec No. 621), the OSCE made explicit reference to the protection of Muslims from intolerance and discrimination. This decision of the Permanent Council was endorsed by the Sofia Ministerial Council, which was held later in the same year. More important, in the 2005 Ljubljana Ministerial Council Decision, the participating States rejected the identification of terrorism and violent extremism with any religion, culture or ethnic group; and reemphasized commitments to raise awareness and develop measures to counter prejudice, without endangering freedom of information and expression, in order to effectively respond to xenophobic stereotypes and intolerance against all religious groups, including Muslims. Finally, in the 2006 Brussels Ministerial Council, the OSCE called upon the participating States to address the root causes of intolerance against Muslims by encouraging the development of comprehensive domestic educational policies and strategies.

As in all European countries in the follow up of september 11th, France experienced a rise of anti-Islamic racism in many social sectors. However, it must be said that these « islamophobic attitudes » were already at work prior to the 9/11 event as much as they went on far

beyond this date. The attacks on New York City acted as a revealing and amplifying factor of the French islamophobia more than a deciding one . With this regard, the slaughters of civilians that took place in Algeria between the years 1991 and 2000 produced a somehow greater emotionnal trauma on the French public opinion, Islam being often related to barbaric violence and fundamentalist terrorism. Indeed, there is in France an « Algerian trauma » comparable to the « 9/11 trauma » in the United States, especially since a threemillion French-Algerian community live in the country and many Algerian intellectuals are regularly denouncing the ill effects of radical islamism. These French-Algerian networks are indeed working as a « cultural lobby » anxious to fight every aspect of « Islamic activism » and as a matter of fact, altogether contribute, to shape the perception of the Islamic religion in the French opinion. It is therefore the particular conjunction of the fallouts of both the recent Algerian civil war and the 9/11 terrorist attacks that makes the French situation a very unique one among the European countries.

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The roots of Islamophobia in Sacred Books and Ancient Traditions
— Dr. Yusuf Suiçmez Near East University, TRNC

About the Meaning of the Freedom of Religion and Muslims Attitudes towards “Anti-Semitism” and “Islamophobia
— Fatih Okumus Lecturer, Vrije University-Amsterdam

As it is known the legacy of Islam and Christianity left their signs on both East and West cultures. In the recent years Islamophobia has become a topic of increasing sociological and political importance. But it is not a new concept; it has its roots in sacred books and traditions. When we look to the Bible we can find many verses which impose radicalism and hostility toward non-Christians like: “Think not that I came to send peace on the earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword (Mat 10:34)`. Another version of this verse is: “Do you think that I came to give peace on the earth? Not at all, I say to you, but rather division! (Luk 12:51). When we look to the origins

of all these beliefs we can find its roots in The Bible and in its commentaries. According to the traditional Christianity and Judaism the property of Abraham was divided among the sons of his legitimate wives, the eldest son getting a larger portion than the rest. The Mosaic law made specific regulations regarding the transmission of real property, which are given in detail in the Bible. The Christians, after coming of Christ claimed that he became the “heir of all things” and his followers became heirs of the “promise,” “of righteousness,” “of the kingdom,” “of the world,” “of God,” “joint heirs” with Christ. The destiny of those who oppose these beliefs determined in another verse: `But these mine enemies, that would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me (Luk 19:27)`. According to Adam Clark, this verse refers to the awful destruction of Jerusalem, but pointing to the final destruction of all that are found in open rebellion against Christ. As a result we can say that, what is going on today has its roots in sacred books and history. Being unaware of this reality, we can not comprehend the issues of today’s events and we can not find real solutions.

Due to the main stream of the progress in Europe freedom is being perceived as ‘freedom from God’ , it is impossible to observe the religious freedom by Muslims at full length yet for the time being as the historical and social reflexes of the continent are not yet suitable for that. Under the guiding of intellectual habits, religious freedom is usually understood as a kind of tolerance between Christian groups themselves. After the Second World War the Jews achieved an exception and protected by the hate laws. Although we can find the roots of “Islamophobia” in the crusades at the ‘childhood’ of the western civilization, nowadays it is in its new fashion of a modern and fabrication phenomenon. The modern Islamophobia is directed to Islam as an identity and its visibility via symbols such as hijab and minaret; more then Islam as pure religion.

New Europeans those who describe themselves as “European Muslims” transforming from temporality to residency, from expatriation to citizenship have weaker bonds either with cultural heritage of their own forefathers or European Cultural heritage. European Muslims are being affected negatively by fear of Islam and opposition to Islam proportional to their distance to own roots. The raising of Islamophobia and anti-İslamizm which activates the European inner reflexions, not only causes a demand of more information regarding Islam but also on the other side causes initiatives of efforts to defense and normalizing the Islam’s existence. Crisises and expansion periods follow one another: qabz and bast (pressure and expansion). Several European governments are taking preventive measures for getting rid of this kabz status to eliminate more increase of Islamophobia. Concrete indicators of this new approach are, having financial support of governments, steps such as Islamic theology education programs that are being opened one after another and social activities of mosques in European countries.

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39

INTERNATIONAL
CONFERENCE ON

ISLAMOPHOBIA

Muslim Women’s Rights and Islamophobia
— Fatma Benli Chair, Women Rights Against Discrimination (AKDER)

“The Concept of Human Rights in Islam Versus Universal Declaration of Human Rights”
— Ghulam Nabi Fai UNIW Representative Executive Director, Kashmir American Council (CAR)

Islamophobia in Europe and the USA first appeared by otherizing Muslims and subsequently turning them into elements of threat. A different version of Islamophobia appeared in “the headscarf ban”, limited the rights of pious Muslim women’s attending in education, work and social lives without discrimination in Turkey. In the process, women wearing headscarf as a command of their religion have demanded to be more visible in the society as having university level education and working in public offices different from their previous generations. Veiled women have not been satisfied with the compatible roles in the society such as housewife, agricultural worker, house maid or secretary. The problematization of the headscarf as a problem in the society came across with the demand of ‘visibility.’ Finally beginning from February 1998, headscarf has been forbidden and women’s visibility at the “public sphere” was banned. The discrimination of attire as such appeared in non of the European countries, and

contrary to the constitution of Turkey and any codes it exists in circulars and court decisions on attire. To legitimize the ban a distinction between headscarf and “turban” emerged. Turban is a differentiating term derived from abroad to differentiate veiled women among them. Young and more educated women’s scarf described by the term, turban. Additionally turban defined as a political symbol and just because of this reason those veiled women’s rights were limited. It was just ignored that because of the ban on headscarf not only university students but also their mothers were not allowed to be at the university graduation ceremony, or even some women attending public seminars at the university properties were taken out during seminars. Stigmatized by their attire, otherized women’s status reflected to debate on tne new constitution. The debate on “1982 constitution” which was criticized since its first day and claimed as illegitimate in any aspects was locked to discussions on headscarf. Some fears such as Turkey turning into Malaysia were discussed. These fears without any concrete roots can be considered as Islamophobia.

precepts as contained in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). After all, Islam means submission to God (and should be translated when communicating in nonArabic languages to capture the universal meaning intended), and does indeed encapsulate the same moral principles as outlined in the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament, both of which served as templates for the modern Western code of law and legal system. In fact, Islamists should be defending the universal truths as conveyed through all the sacred scriptures, and specifically the three Abrahamic faiths – Islam, Judaism & Christianity. Some of these timeless spiritual principles can indeed be seen in the thirty articles of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Prophet Muhammad introduced the concept of human rights to Arabia, a place where people were suffering the worst kind of human rights violations known to humanity. Under these conditions, he promoted human rights and human dignity not only for his followers, but also for all humankind.

The West holds many misconceptions about Islam, particularly in regards to human rights, and often point to some dictatorial regimes in the Muslim world to prove their point. Confusing these oppressive autocracies with Islamic states, Westerners then reject the religious voices that arise in opposition to these rulers, and ironically continue to support the existing despotic regimes, which in reality reflect beliefs and practices of pre-Islamic Arabia. Islam as a value system upholds the same human rights

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The Roots and Challenges of Islamophobia
— Karen Armstrong Writer

The Role of International Conventions in Promoting Islamophobia through the Media
— Dr. Manal Abolhasan Mass Communication, Al Azhar University

The lecture will discuss the historic roots of Islamophobia in the West. Why did the West conceive a fear and aversion to Islam and the Muslim world? And how does this operate in the Western psyche. We will see how Islamophobia is affected by the rise during the twentieth century of the militant piety, often, somewhat misleadingly, called “fundamentalism.” We will also see how Islamphobia has played a role in and been increased by such recent events as the September 11 attacks, the episode of the Danish Cartoons, and the recent crisis in Sudan. Finally we will look at the religious challenge that Islamophobia offers to Muslims today.

to impose a single cognitive framework on the whole world, thus ignoring the specific nature of different cultures and societies, resulting in a clash among civilizations. Most importantly, Muslim countries’ objections to some of the articles pertaining to Women Rights which contradict with the Islamic Shari’a are usually rejected because they allegedly have a negative effect on women rights in the world. The reason behind this are the widespread misconceptions concerning the tolerance and justice of Islamic Shari’a, which grants additional rights to women without bypassing their obligations that ensure respect to the rights of others. This international vision is reflected in the Media by either ways: highlighting negative practices of radical Islamist groups, or stressing positive sides within anti-Islamic media productions, a fact which promotes Islamophobia. The paper attempts to show several results of Mass Communication studies besides uncovering some of the anti-Islamic aspects of international conventions on women rights, and finally to reach a more objective viewpoint regarding the role of media in fighting Islamophobia.

The Media sector currently represents one of the main devices through which International Conventions on Women are implemented. This was the natural outcome of the increasing world and regional interest in Women Rights since the final decades of the twentieth century, when international conventions on women were successively in place thanks to the United Nations. The purpose of such agreements is apparently

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41

INTERNATIONAL
CONFERENCE ON

ISLAMOPHOBIA

Needs Of Muslims Throughout The World For The Union Of Civil Organizations & Legal Institutions To Compact Islamic Phobia
— Mubarak al Mutawwa Deputy Secretary General Union of the NGOs of the Islamic World (UNIW)

Civil Peace
— Prof. Dr. Mümtaz’er Türköne Gazi University Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Department of International Relations, Lecturer

No doubt that the need to resort to the law, rules and human rights principles through concerned bodies and expert specialized persons has recently become apparent and urgent and it has even become more urgent as the result of close relationship between countries and interact of interests and the communications among nations due to the easy movement and communications the matter which resulted in several different relationship. Some of these relationship is based on rules of law and justice while others are against this rules, to the extent that it might some times become a crime, aggression or terrorism regularly. Hence it’s a must to resort to these rights and acquiring them through legal institutions.

Therefore, the International Union for the Civil Organization in the Islamic World was established in Turkey and its Headquarters is in Istanbul City in May 2005. The inaugural conference was attended by hundreds of civil organization from all over the Islamic World and Muslims from other countries. In its meeting the Union was announced and the First General Assembly was held on March 25, 2006. Its first activities started in a number of several areas in the Islamic World. The union has included major civil organization and other important committees that aim realizing legal protection and to guarantee the rights of individuals and civil organization worldwide. These organizations included Turkey Endowment Organization TOTV Al Ansar , Endowment H.H, Organization of Islamic Invitation in Sudan, Bahrain Reformation Society, International Islamic Committee for Human Rights of the International Islamic Council for Invitation & Relief as well as other Organizations, Students Unions, the European Muslims Union.

attempted to take the matter in terms of the freedom of ideas, they understood how dangerous a field they were about to stir. Attacking the prophet of Islam meant to wish death. However Muslims are not facing the humiliation for the first time. Salman Rushdie’s novel, Satanic Verses was one of the storms of 1980s. The novel included humiliating things against Qur’an, similar to those which Christian theologians use. What made this novel, which is of no literal value, and its author famous was the fatwa of death given for its author by Ayatullah Humayni. Despice against the foreign and “other” Islam is a part of European history. The same symbol remained behind the recent murder of Van Gogh in Holland. Today, those who visit European cities can certainly find one or two pictures on the walls of church which humiliate Islam. The ordinary figure is one with the crescent being trampled. These caricatures which causes great indignations in the Islamic World express a humiliation directly aiming at Islam. It is ironic that there are still many people that advocates this inauspicient pictures simply because they think it is a matter of freedom of ideas.

The Islamic world gave a vivid and an impressive reaction when the caricature crisis arose. These reactions were surprising for the western world, which had long been in bad terms with their own religions and the sacred things. Muslims’ purpose was to warn the west not to play with fire. Though the westerns

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Socio-cultural Perspective of Islamophobia
— Prof.Dr. Salah Abdel Motaal UNIW Representative Member of Egypt Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts, University of Cairo

— PARTICIPANTS —
Necmi Sadikoglu, Secretary General of the UNIW, Turkey; Necati Ceylan, President of the Turkish Foundation for Volunteer Organizations (TGTV), Turkey; Prof. Dr. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, Secretary General of the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Anwar Ibrahim, Former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia, Malaysia; Karen Armstrong, Writer and Lecturer, UK; Ali Sarikaya, OIC-Youth, Turkey; Prof.Dr. Norman G. Finkelstein, USA; Prof. Dr. Tariq Said Ramadan, Switzerland; Hasan Abou Taleb, Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, Egypt; Dr. Ibrahim Kalin, Politics, Economics and Society Researches (SETA), Turkey; Dr. Merve Safa Kavakci, Writer, Lecturer George Washington University, USA; William Baker, Founder and President of Christians and Muslims for Peace (CAMP), USA; Vincent Geisser, President of Study and Information Center on the International Migrants (CIEMI), France; Prof. Dr. Susana Mangana, Arabic and Islamic Studies, The Catholic University, Uruguay; Dr. Louay M. Safi, Executive Director, ISNA Leadership Development Center, USA; Dr. Moncef Marzouki, Writer, France; Ghulam Nabi Fai, Executive Director of Kashmiri American Council (KAC), USA; Prof. Dr. Ahmed Muhammed Al-Sharkawe, Islamic Studies, Al-Azhar and Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Haytham Manna, Arab Commission for Human Rights, France; Fatma Benli, President of Women Rights Society against Discrimination (AKDER), Turkey; Ahmad Azam Abdurrahman, President of Global Peace Mission, Malaysia; Mojtaba Amiri Vahid, Deputy of OIC Mission to UN Geneva Office, Iran; Ahmed von Denffer, Muslime Helfen, Germany; Ali Elghatit, Deputy President Egyptian Society of International Law, Egypt; Massoud Shadjareh, Chairman Islamic Human Rights Commission, UK; Dr. Yusuf Kaplan, Lecturer, Director Science and Art Academy, Turkey; Prof. Dr. Mmtazer Trkne, Lecturer Gazi University, Turkey; Prof. Dr. Anis Ahmad, Vice Chancellor Riphah International University, Pakistan; Dr. Iqbal Unus, Director Fairfax Institute, USA; Ali Kurt, Deputy Secretary General UNIW, Turkey; M. Fahmy Howeidy, Deputy Editor in Chief Al-Ahram Newspaper, Egypt; Prof.Dr. Nader Hashemi, Northwestern University, Political Sciences, Mr. Orhun, OSCE Personal Representative dealing with Intolerance and Discrimination against Muslims, Turkey.

The present study has tried to determinate dimensions of the concept of Islamophobia from sociological and cultural point of view, putting into consideration its psycho-sociological contents. That Phobia is a symptom of psychological disturbance in personality as well as in group or society. It has been coined recently and as socio-political phenomenon and might be tested by sociological approaches. Since the classical literature of sociology by Ibn Khaldoun, E. Durkhiem, K.Marks and M.Weber; to contemporary Sociology by P .Sorokin, A.Giddens e.g. and in Psychology Abraham Maslow. Islamophobia as well may be partly related to the domain of social pathology and sociology of (man-made) disaster, which at present days after 11th of September 2001has been reactivated by USA administration and some European states. In fact as Edward Said claimed, and he is right, “Islamic terrorism displaced Communism as public enemy number one” with the end of the Cold War, providing a continued justification for the military-industrial complex and national security it is not a coincidence state apparatuses in the U.S. Socio-historical analysis may lead to roots of hostility against

Islam from the dawn of Islamic era and since the crusades to liberation movements against colonization. That kind of conflict has created spheres of mutual hatred between most of Moslems and the crusaders and their descendants in western world , whom they actually dominated most of Islamic countries by military occupation and in present days , by so called world’s new order and empowered Zionism to establish Israel State in Palestine, the heart of Arab and Islamic world. That kind of unfair conflict has motivated Islamic revitalization and created according to many Moslem groups to develop resistant movements which some of them are extremely fanatics against foreigners and their indigenous political regimes. The present study proved evidences of western hostility feelings against Moslems particularly the immigrant residents in western countries. Many aggressive events are still occurred since explosions of September 11th 2001. Islamophobia behaviors in one side is usually happened by some western citizens, mostly extremists, and the other side by formal institutions .i.e. ,Islamophobia has been Institutionalized.

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INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ISLAMOPHOBIA FINAL COMMUNIQUE DECEMBER 8-9, 2007 – ISTANBUL
Our world is intentionally and deliberately desired to be transformed into a planet where the fear is dominant, security is a matter of crisis and culture of living together is declined. The hegemonic powers’ policies that are self-interested and negligent of the law and human rights threaten the peace and comfort of the mankind. The events like the occupations of Afghanistan, Iraq and Palestine, the slaughter of hundred of thousands of innocent people, the conviction of millions of Palestinians to a life of refuge, the exposition of Caucasus and Kashmiri people to dreadful cruelties for decades and their being deprived of their internationally legal rights are all the results of the same mentality. These policies, especially after the collapse of the eastern bloc, are nourished by Anti-Islamism and Islamophobia. Fear-based policies have resulted in so many dramas of mankind; provided that nobody takes lessons from the past and today nobody takes the essential precautions, then the future Islamophobia may present similar outcomes. The discriminative applications that Muslims are exposed; the verbal and physical attacks targeting at devoted individuals and groups, and places of worship; the deprivation of Muslims from their basic rights; contemptuous, unkind and insulting broadcasts and expressions on Islamic values and sacred things; the political, sociological and psychological oppressions and applications performed to prevent the implementation of religious merits; every kind of bad treatment that the Muslim is subjected to while serving or being served in the sectors of politics, education, health and business should be evaluated in Islamophobic context. No one can be condemned, insulted and offended because of his performing what his religion says. No one can be inhibited from practicing his religion, hampered from applying choices and submitted to discrimination due to his religious way of life. Islamophobia is a dark and dirty tool of a global depression. In today’s world, when we deeply need multiculturalism, pluralism and the mentality of living together, Islamophobia is the biggest betrayal carried out against the peace of the world. Islamophobia is a clear discrimination and violation of the human rights. Therefore Islamophobia must be considered a crime like antiSemitism; decisions must be taken and laws must be made against Islamophobia by national and international mechanisms. In the last century, there has been a great, worldwide inclination towards religion and spirituality. Mankind has begun to eliminate the lack in his soul with the assistance of spiritual sources and to question that being more worldly and secular. Especially, although Islamic countries stayed undeveloped in comparison with the western countries, the increase in the interest towards Islam or in the number of devotees has scared some groups. Islamophobia is a concept of a global war on Islam against spirituality and any religious values. Media organs are used as the most effective instruments in the formation and spread of Islamophobia. Constant violent broadcasts resulted from ignorance of Islam and Muslims bring about misconceptions and misperceptions in public

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and this case causes Islamophobia to take roots in public. Especially, mentioning of Islam together with “terror” and “violence” and identifying Muslims and Islam with the terms such as “Islamofascism”, “fundamentalism” and “reaction” hurt public conscience deeply and cause irrecoverable damages on the souls of Muslims. The major factors in the formation and spread of Islamophobia are media organs and programs of educational institutions as well as systematic disinformation activities implemented by various instruments. Struggles against Islamophobia should politically, legally and economically be maintained on national and international grounds; systematically and strategically on educational grounds through professional instruments. Systematic information studies towards systematic disinformation and manipulation activities should be strengthened. Islamic World should increase the feelings of cooperation and solidarity and put “proper presentation” and “effective representation” into practice. They should courageously make self-criticism if necessary and should bravely discuss not the values they believe in but the failure in the practice and presentation of the values to their own people and others. Muslim nations made political and sociological progresses whenever they live in accordance with the values of Islam and fell back whenever they got away from the values of Islam. The main causes of Islamic world’s having a life standard below the world standards are their indifference to the facts of Islam and not reflecting the essence and real aspects of it to their lives. Especially socio-economic underdevelopments of Islamic countries do the groundwork for misconception and misperception of Islam and Muslims. And this case provides opportunity for Islamophobic policies, publications, and approaches.

Therefore socio-economic development progresses and development plans of the Islamic counties have a vital significance. Our Conference condemns all kinds of anti-Islamic and Islamophobic publications, policies and events; regretfully condemns the persons and institutes using the Muslims as the instruments of political and economical interest. Our Conference believes that Islamophobia strengthens the ‘war of civilizations’, ‘war inside the civilization’, ‘war of religions’ and similar catastrophic scenarios and thinks that all the measures must be taken for a strong presence of the Muslims. At this point, our conference desires to address at the political environs, representatives of non-governmental organizations, media organs, international institutions, governments and international public opinion with the following title:

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ISTANBUL DECLARATION 1. Combating Islamophobia is to be one of the main duties of all the people of this world, all the institutions of human rights and all the just governments. 2. The national and international decision making mechanisms must know that their political plans based on Islamophobia and antiIslamism will result in nothing but driving our planet through a sphere of chaos. 3. The media organs of Islamophobia, the institutions applying discrimination against Muslims, the organizations acting in Islamophobic manners are to be boycotted. 4. All kinds of lobby activities must be carried out against the decisions, policies and the laws taken and will be taken by the national and international decision making mechanisms and law-makers using the instrument of Islamophobia. 5. The products stirring up and spreading Islamophobia must be consistently boycotted. 6. In combating Islamophobia, the products of multimedia must be used more effectively, sufficient funds must be saved and the most appropriate projects must be applied. 7. We have to be the people of action, not the people of reaction. We have to plan and apply two sided proactive education activities targeting both insiders and outsiders to remove the prejudices and misunderstandings. 8. New institutes raising specialized people must be founded and supported for stopping Islamophobia from being a dark cause and a dirty key opening the evil doors. 9. In combating Islamophobia, the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) must work much more effectively through the political environs. The leading countries of the Islamic world must act according to their responsibilities. 10. Islamic NGOs must persistently and vigorously take necessary precautions on civil basis. A Monitoring Centre Committee must be established under the body of The Union of NGOs of The Islamic World (UNIW) and this committee must warn and inform international decision making mechanisms, press organs and world public with periodic reports. 11. Finally our conference severely condemns the occupations of Iraq, Palestine, Kashmir and Caucasus at first and other unjust occupations and reject any type of global policy based on this axis.

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INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ISLAMOPHOBIA ORGANISED BY THE UNION OF NGOS OF THE ISLAMIC WORLD
The conference addressed the roots of Islamophobia, which can manifest itself directly in verbal or physical attacks on Muslims but also indirectly in negative images of Muslims presented by the media. A delegation from the European Muslim Union, Malik Sezgin from Cologne and Abdurrahman Zenichowski from Potsdam, Germany, participated in this event, which also gave opportunity to inform about the general work and recent activities of EMU. The Honorary President of EMU, Prof. Dr. Nevzat Yalcintas participated at the conference on the first day. The Secretary General of the UNIW, Necmi Sadikoglu stated that his team had been working on this project for nearly a year and explained the intention in organizing a conference on Islamophobia as to discuss the concept of Islamophobia with all its aspects and finding a way out of this problem to contribute to world peace, to gather experts on the subject from both academic circles and the civil society, to scrutinize the subject from the political, social and financial viewpoints, to examine the reasons and results, to define the perpetrators and victims and to present solutions to Islamophobia. Sadikoglu said that UNIW wants to contribute to the prevention of individual and institutional Islamophobia cases, publications and regulations by the means the law offers and to create a common sensitivity in the international public opinion by contributing to lay down regulations on international and national norms of justice. He also said that after the conference, UNIW wants to establish a Monitoring Centre which will monitor and inform concerned institutions about Islamophobic publications, broadcasts, events, or politics taking place in the world. Sadikoglu said Islamophobia is not only a cause of discrimination against Muslims but also an open threat to world peace. He added, “With this conference, we are aiming to increase the sensitivity of domestic and foreign media and to determine the methods to combat this phenomenon.” Around one hundred academics, scholars, and NGO representatives from the Muslim World participated in the conference delivering around sixty papers discussing issues surrounding the status of Muslims in different regions of the world and suggesting solutions for the problem of pervasive misconceptions about Islam and widespread anti-Muslim sentiment known as Islamophobia. Over a thousand academicians, journalists and NGO representatives followed the conference during the two days. The main subjects discussed during the two conference days, in the delivered talks as well as in parallel sessions were: The Causes of Islamophobia; Islamophobia in the World; Islamophobia and Human Rights; Solutions in Combating Islamophobia. There was also agreement that international mechanisms both on the state and civil society level need to be set up to combat successfully the phenomenon of Islamophobia. One such mechanism will be the Monitoring Centre of UNIW.
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CONFERENCE IN PICTURES

PHOTO CREDITS © MUSTAFA YILMAZ, M. AKIF GULER

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UNIW COMMISSIONS BEING CONSTITUTED

The commissions are being constituted in order to work according to the internal regulations accepted in the second Ordinary General Assembly of the Union of NGOs of the Islamic World (UNIW), on 7th December, 2007. It was decided that the commissions would present their programs in UNIW Council Meeting which would be held in Kuwait and they would start their activities after approval of the Union. The foundations and countries where UNIW Commissions and Chairmanships exist are as follows: 1- ) Commission for Culture and Education- SUDAN “Munazzamat al Da’wa al-Islamiia”- Islamic Governmental Organization 2-) Commission for Human Rights

and Freedom- BAHREIN “Jamiyyat al-Islah” (Al Islah Society) 3-) Commission for Financial and Administrative Affairs- TURKEY “Turkiye Gonullu Tesekkuller Vakfı” (The Foundation of Volunteer Organizations of Turkey) 4-) Commission for Woman, Family and Youth-INDONESIA “Komite Kemanussian Indonesia”(Indonesian Humanitarian Comittee) 5-) Commission for Social and Human Affairs Solidarity- MALAYSIA Global Peace Mission 6-) Commission for Research and Development (R&D)EGYPT “ Al Markaz Al-Arabi Lil Dırasaat”(Arabian Research center)

THE SECRETARY GENERAL’S CONGRATULATION MESSAGE TO OIC SECRETARY GENERAL
Prof. Dr. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, the Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), was re-elected as OIC Secretary General for a second five-year term of office at the summit conference held in Senegal’s capital, Dakar, on March 13-14. Ihsanoglu who has still one-yearterm of office is expected to serve in the same position for the next six years. Necmi SADIKOGLU, the Secretary General of the Union of NGOs of the Islamic World (UNIW), sent a written message to Prof. Dr. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu to congratulate him on his re-election and expressed his wishes for successful activities in the next term and stated his desire for coherent and coordinative cooperation between UNIW and OIC.

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THE MINISTER OF YOUTH AND SPORTS OF INDONESIA MEETS WITH THE UNIW MEMBERS
Dr. Adhykasa Dault, the Minister of Youth and Sports of Indonesia, who was in Istanbul as the guest of the Union of NGOs of the Islamic World, met the UNIW members. UNIW Members and representatives of some non-governmental organizations attended the meeting held at the headquarters of the Humanitarian Aid Organization (IHH) in Fatih. Delivering the opening speech at the meeting, Necmi Sadikoglu, the Secretary General of UNIW gave information about the foundation and activities of UNIW and the consequences of the Council Meeting of UNIW held in Jakarta. Explaining the situation of the Islamic World in brief, Sadikoglu stated that the unity of the Islamic World is the only way for the solution of the problems. Giving some information about geographic and demographic structure of Indonesia, the guest Minister Dr Adhyska noted the major reason for the unity of such a huge country after all was Islam. The Minister Dault emphasized that the youth population of Indonesia was 80 million whereas its total population was 230 million and remarked that it was necessary to dwell on student exchange projects between Turkey and Indonesia in order to make contributions to the development of the Indonesian youth and added that especially the perspectives of the students who would study history and philosophy in Turkey would improve.

THE ISRAELI GENOCIDE MUST BE STOPPED

The Union of NGOs of the Islamic World (UNIW) issued a press statement regarding the latest Israeli bloody attacks on Gaza. Israel has begun genocide and attempted to occupy Gaza. Tens of Palestinians, regardless of being civilians (babies and children), have been martyred just after the illegal and inhumane embargo.

Israel performed the bloodiest massacre of the last forty years in March 1, 2008, targeting even the government building in Gaza. The international powers’ passive policy towards this horrifying massacre is more regretful than the crime itself. Unfortunately Muslim world are merely spectators to this atrocity. Israel takes courage from Muslim

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countries’ insensitivity, and has been increasing her violence day by day. Israel has been implementing illegal and unjust plans step by step like the occupation of Palestinian territory, isolation of West Bank and Gaza, trying to pull down Masjid al-Aqsa, imprisonment of thousands of innocent people including Palestinian deputies, imposing embargo on Gaza. Israel imposes her attitudes and conduct mischievously to humanity, particularly to the Muslim world. Hence, Muslim countries have to put all of their potential powers and resources in action before it’s too late. The meeting of the United Nations’ urgent assembly and call Israel for halting this slaughter was recorded in history as inapplicable, ignored, and inefficient decree. For this situation, Muslim world has to take an immediate action against the bloodiest massacre of the human history. In this context, the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) urgently has to assemble, put Gaza on the agenda, assign an efficient and sustainable action plan and strictly implement it. On the other hand, the state of Egypt has to open Gaza crossing border and allow transfers of all kinds of relief, assistance and support to Gaza. Palestinians must not allow any kind of sedition and disturbance to infiltrate into them. Authorities must abstain from all sorts of policies which can show weakness and bring damage to the Palestinian integrity. We call all Muslims to declare mobilization for Palestinian people, Gaza, Masjid al-Aqsa and al-Quds (Jerusalem).

We do summon non-governmental organizations for an urgent action to unveil Israel’s plans and to help on monetary, spiritual, worldly manner in order to increase public awareness. We call mass media to show necessary sensitivity for Palestinian issue and to reflect the tragedy in Palestine to the world unbiased and clearly. Humanity has been taking one of the most important examinations. If this situation remains unchanged, future generations will remember it very regretfully and ashamedly today’s people who are indifferent to Israel’s atrocity. Finally, we call Muslim World to take action and pray for Gaza, alQuds, Masjid al-Aqsa which was our first qiblah. Respectfully declared by, Necmi SADIKOGLU, Secretary General The Union of NGOs of the Islamic World (UNIW)

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URGENT MEETING OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR PALESTINE

The representatives of non-governmental organizations in Istanbul gathered upon the call of Humanitarian Relief Foundation (IHH) at the headquarters of IHH in order to determine an extensive and effective action plan for the Palestinians. As a consequence of consultations the joint action plan to be implemented in the next term were agreed upon by consensus. Commencing with the presentation of Ahmet Emin Dag, Member of the Board of IHH, in which he assessed the recent developments in Gaza in terms of Israel and Palestine along with its economic and demographic situation, the consultation meeting went on with the speech of Bülent Yıldırım, the President of IHH. Emphasizing that there was a great expectation from Turkey, Yıldırım stated that in order to promote sensitivity for Palestinians in Turkish public opinion, it was essential to run extensive campaigns appealing to every fraction. Yıldırım also noted that it was necessary to decipher Zionism and to continue mainly politic and humanitarian and all kinds of aid increasingly at all costs and added that the campaign titled as “not verbally but urgently” which they started was still carrying on and they were expecting supports

from all organizations. Yıldırım called for the assist of all non-governmental organizations to the children of the martyred Palestinians and remarked that notably effective meetings and many more activities could be done for them. In his speech Necmi Sadikoglu, the Secretary General of UNIW highlighted that it was essential to give reliable information to media constantly in order to sensitize it and enlighten the public opinion on the issue. Implying that it was necessary to impose pressure on Egypt to convince it to open the Border Gate of Rafah, the Secretary General noted that the attitude of the Turkish Republic towards Palestine had been successful and restrained Israel to a large extent. The Deputy Secretary General of UNIW, Lawyer Ali Kurt maintained that researches and studies concerning Palestine are very precious and UNIW will support the researches to be conducted in Ottoman Achieves to disclose land registers of the Palestinians. In the other speeches delivered at the meeting it was indicated that the winners of recent incidents were the Palestinians despite their 120 martyrs and deep sorrows and they won a historic victory against the Israelis and the Jerusalem issue has been a significant matter in uniting the Islamic World. The action plan to be followed in the next term was accepted with unanimity at the end of the meeting.

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CONSULTATION MEETING ON FAMILY IN DIYARBAKIR
The first project meeting initiated by Nimet Çubukçu, ministry of state, in order to reinforce Turkish family concept, was held (from February 29 to March 2) in Diyarbakır. Sengül Yigit, the Secretary General of the Association of Istanbul Woman and Woman institutions, participated in the meeting on behalf of the Union of Non-Governmental Organizations of the Islamic World (UNIW). Nimet Çubukçu, Ministry of State, Dr Ayse Gürcan , Director General of Family and Social Research General Directorate of Prime Ministry; Hüseyin Avni Mutlu, Governor of Diyarbakır; Ihsan Aslan, Parliamentarian of Diyarbakır, Sengül Yigit, the Secretary General and representatives of some non-governmental organizations from Siirt, Batman, Mardin, Sanlıurfa, Diyarbakır participated in consultation meeting on non-governmental organizations in familial services. In the session chaired by Sengül Yigit, after protocol speeches had been made, some achievement stories, representatives from non-governmental organizations were listened in the first day. Nimet Çubukçu, Ministry of State, stated that family is the source of various problems such as from destitute children, the handicapped, nursing of elder, to familial problems and added that all the solutions are family-oriented. Project for the destitute children, “Return to the home” Project for the children who stay in state-owned nurseries and nursing services elder people at home continue regularly. She also said “We are trying to support the families which have problems by giving a hand not only in financial aid but also in social service. We have determined the families under risk within the scope of our project. We gave support to the children without adopting a protection resolution. The children would be easily exposed to abuse in the future.” Dr. Ayse Gürcan, Director General of Family and Social Research General Directorate of Prime Ministry, said: “We will continue the meetings which were devised for reinforcing Turkish family concept in Antalya, Konya, Bursa and Istanbul. We want to hold the meeting in Diyarbakır because Diyarbakır is one of the important cities in our cultural mosaic and pioneers of change and transformation. Synergy which will begin here will also spread to the other regions.” Hüseyin Avni Mutlu, Governor of Diyarbakır, said: “The more a family is given adequate care and enough support is given to its every individual and its parents in their development, the more important services can be possible for social welfare, peace and comfort.” In the second day of the consultation meeting, the importance of education of family and non-governmental organizations, marriage school programmes, education of instructors in family education and NGOs’ problems were discussed.

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INTERNATIONAL HALAL FOOD CONFERENCE SUPPORTED BY UNIW ENDS

Association for the Inspection and Certification of Food and Supplies (GIMDES) held the 1st International Halal Food Conference in Istanbul, Feshane on Monday, February 24, 2008. In this UNIW-supported Conference, GIMDES introduced its Halal Food Certification Project on which it had been working for three years to the public opinion and called for solidarity for its activities. Secretary General of UNIW Necmi , Sadıkoglu said, “Moral side of the subject should be the most important part we lay stress on, let alone the large market portion and charm of Halal Food Sector. For this reason, this activity of GIMDES is praiseworthy.” In the first session of the conference chaired by Prof. Dr. Mustafa NUTKU, under the title of “General Overview of Halal Food” Prof. Dr. Ahmet AKGÜNDÜZ, Oguz SATICI and Mohammad Mazhar HUSSAINI; in the second session chaired by Prof. Dr.Ahmet AKGUNDUZ under the title of “Certification & Jurisprudence Aspect” Dr. Ahmad H. SAKR, Dr. Mehmet ÇELEN, Dr. Ir. H.M. Nadratuzzaman HOSEN; in the last session chaired by Dr. Mehmet ÇELEN under the title “Scientific Approaches” R.PH Volkan GULER, MS. Food Engineer Ayhan KENTBUGA, Prof. Dr. Mustafa NUTKU made their speeches. After the International Halal Food Conference held in Feshane/ Istanbul in February 24, 2008, the following final announcement was issued; International Halal Food Conference reached the expected goals. The following re-

sults have been obtained from the presented papers; 1. The need for Halal-certificated products in Turkey is confirmed by various international specialists. 2. It was stressed that Turkey should pioneer in this subject because of its geographical, demographic and strategic position. 3. Certification of Halal Food will make a great contribution to Turkey’s economy. 4. Since the need for Halal Certificate is accepted by public opinion, the certification procedure has to be started by our organization. 5. Since the market demand for Halal Certificated Products is increasing day by day, the transition to the halal certificated products should be maintained immediately by Turkish manufacturers. 6. The consumers should be made conscious of consuming Halal certificated products and it should be assured that they can inspect the manufacturer on the matter of Halal certificate. 7. It is stressed that the procedure of Halal certification is not limited to food products but it also includes cosmetics, medicine and such other sectors. 8. In these days when United Nations took Halal Food in its Codex and Organization of the Islamic Conference plans to start certification process in its member countries, related official organizations in our country have to conclude applications as soon as possible.

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THE SECRETARY GENERAL TO GO TO REFAH TO PROVIDE SUPPORT FOR PALESTINE
Today Necmi Sadikoglu, the Secretary General of UNIW, is going to Egypt with a committee of thirteen people. Tomorrow, after visiting Turkish and Palestine Embassy in Cairo, respectively they are going to visit the Nasır and Haram hospitals, and have a talk with Dr. Beha Ebu Zeyd. They are going to visit Dr. Cemal Abdusselam, the President of the Egyptian Doctors’ Union and the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Health of Egypt, and go to Arish district to meet the governor of the district. After going to Refah border gate, the committee is going to make a press statement in order to provide support for Palestine. In this place, Necmi Sadikoglu, the Secretary General of UNIW, is going to read the text of support for Palestinians. The following day, the committee is going to return to Turkey. Necmi Sadikoglu, the Secretary General of UNIW, is going to be accompanied by Cemal Yılmazdemir, Samsun parliamentarian; Mehmet Nil Hıdır, Mugla parliamentarian; Fevzi Sanverdi, Hatay parliamentarian; Necati Ceylan, the Chairman of the Foundation of Volunteer Organizations of Turkey (TGTV); Sadi Çarsancaklı, Member of Board of Trustees of Mazlumder; Ilker Inanç Balkan, Member of Board of Directors of “Yeryüzü Doktorları”; Münir SAHIN, Secretary General of Palestine Friendship Association; Tahsin Mısırlı, Chairman of Palestine Solidarity Association.

CALL FOR EMERGENCY AID FOR PALESTINE

A thirteen-people committee including Necmi Sadikoglu, the Secretary General of UNIW, visited wounded people at Nasr and Haram hospitals in Cairo, the capital of the Egypt, in the first day of the visit. They made some contacts in order to provide the necessary treatment in Turkey for the wounded Palestinians. The committee visiting the region is as follows: Necmi Sadikoglu (Sec-

retary General of UNIW), Cemal Yılmaz Demir (Samsun Deputy), Mehmet Nil Hıdır (Mugla Deputy) Fevzi Sanverdi, (Hatay Deputy), Mehmet Emin Dag (IHH’s Representative of Middle East), Yasar Kutluay, (Chairman of Health Unit of IHH), Adem Demir (IHH Representative in Charge of Press), Dr. Saban Coskun (IHH volunteer), Tahsin Mısırlı (Chairman of Palestine Solidarity Association

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(FIDER)), Necati Ceylan (Chairman of the Foundation of Volunteer Organizations of Turkey (TGTV)), Sadi Çarsancaklı (Member of Board of Trustees of Mazlumder), Ilker Inanç Balkan (Member of Board of Directors of “Doctors Worldwide”) Münir SAHIN (Secretary General of Palestine Friendship Association). The Turkish deputies and representatives of NGOs visited the wounded at the hospital of Nasr and hospital of Haram in the first day. They also visited the Embassy of Turkey and Palestine. Then they made some contacts so as to provide the necessary treatment in Turkey for the wounded Palestinians. They talked to Dr. Cemal Abdusselam the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Health and the Chairman of the Arab Doctors’ Association in concern with the issue.

After these contacts, the committee is expected go to Arish region near Gaza. After visiting wounded Palestinians at Arish hospital, they will go to Rafah border. They will hold a press conference to the Turkish and World public opinions to give information about what is happening in the region. The committee is planning to come back to Turkey with the Palestinian wounded people. Necmi Sadikoglu, the Secretary General of UNIW, called all member organizations and our people for an emergency aid for people of Gaza. He stated that all activities have to be appropriate in order to be efficient and sustainable, and he added that a new and confirmed list of requirements should be obtained.

ZUHAIR SALIM VISITS UNIW

Zuhair Salim, the General Director of Arab Orient Centre(http://www. asharqalarabi.org.uk/) centred in London, visited UNIW and gave information about their activities. Salim had a contact with Ali Kurt, the Deputy Secretary General and UNIW’s Representative of Turkey, and explained their activities concerning the human rights issues in Syria and the challenges they faced there and asked for help from UNIW . The Deputy Secretary General of UNIW, Ali Kurt stated that they would be pleased to hear any progress regarding the human rights in Syria;

however, he also noted that it should be in a peaceful way and with no external intervention. Remarking that they would provide any support on that issue, Ali Kurt expressed that Turkish-Syrian relations were developing substantially and this positive process would reflect on all the problems of the region. Mr. Bülent Yıldırım, (IHH Chairman), Mr. Gazi Mısırlı (Board Member of MUSIAD), Mr. Cihangir Isbilir (The General Coordinator of UNIW) and Deputy Co-ordinator Besim Perolli were also present at the talk.

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UNIW COUNCIL TO GATHER IN KUWAIT ON MAY

The Union of Non-Governmental Organizations of the Islamic World (UNIW) will gather in Kuwait on April 27-29. The UNIW Council being gathered in Istanbul, Jakarta, Khartoum, Rotterdam, and again in Istanbul respectively, consists of representatives elected from 20 different countries. The activity program of the Com-

missions approved in the 2nd General Assembly, new member accessions to UNIW, members of the Committee on the Struggle Against Discrimination and their working principles, and basic issues of the Islamic World and regional and international projects prepared by the members of UNIW are among the main topics to be discussed at the meeting chaired by Necmi SADIKOGLU, the Secretary General of UNIW .

THE SECRETARY GENERAL OF UNIW IS IN THE TRADE CHAMBER OF ISTANBUL
The Secretary General of UNIW Necmi Sadikoglu visited Murat Yalçıntas, the president of the Trade Chamber of Istanbul (ITO) with a delegation in the headquarters of ITO. Secretary General Necmi Sadikoglu gave information about the purpose of foundation, works and targets of UNIW. The President of ITO Murat Yalçıntas stated that he congratulated the foundation of the organization and he was very hopeful that this union would be very influential as it was on the international basis; he was honoured by this visit. And he said that although ITO was an official institution, they regarded ITO as a nongovernmental organization and they would make all the contributions they could to the UNIW’s activities. The Secretary General who is at the same time The Chairman of Board of Directors in The Foundation of Volunteer Organizations of Turkey (TGTV) gave information about the campaign that they launched for the disaster victims in Kashmir and Pakistan called “ Are you ready for winter? They are not! ”. After the president Murat Yalcintas had mentioned about the aid activities that they did in Pakistan, he promised to give all the necessary supports in order to make the campaign supported and known. In the meeting, it was decided to prepare some common projects among UNIW, TGTV and ITO. Some members from chairman of board of directors of ITO and authorities from UNIW, TGTV participated the meeting. For the structure and activities of ITO visit; www.ito.org.tr

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INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF MUSLIM PHILANTHROPISTS HELD IN ISTANBUL
1st World Congress of Muslim Philanthropists under the theme “Facing Challenges and Finding Solutions” was held in Istanbul on March 22-24 2008 with the participation of famous and influential philanthropists and representatives of NGOs from all over the world. Cihangir Isbilir, General Coordinator, participated in the congress on behalf of UNIW . Mr. Isbilir gave information about UNIW, and had some important contacts regarding next term activities of UNIW . In the premiere night dinner of the congress, after having a talk with the Turkish Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, the Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, Cihangir Isbilir asked the participants to support the ‘solidarity and coordination approach’ that UNIW wants to develop. Tariq H. Chaeema, the founder of the Congress, stated that UNIW was a very important organization and they would like to cooperate with UNIW . The congress threw some very famous figures together such as Shahid Malik, who became the first Muslim Minister of England, as well as the Minister of International Development; Ibrahim Rassol, the Prime Minister of South Africa Western Cape; Hamza Yusuf Hanson, and the founder of the USA-centred Institute of Zaytuna; and Sheikh Aisha Al-Thani, the Qatar Prince and the founder of Doha Academy,. In the opening speech, Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, the Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, stated that Islamic relief and humanitarian organizations had encountered obstacles and many difficulties and they had to prepare a road map so as to overcome these difficulties and obstacles. He also added that humanitarian activities took an important place in OIC’s activities. OIC had started limited but successful campaigns. Some relieves and aid campaigns in Afghanistan, Bosnia, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Gaza could be mentioned as good examples. Sheikha Al Mayassa Bint Hamad Al-Thani, the Chairman of “Reach out Asia Association” conducting activities in Qatar stated that since delivery of relief and aid sometimes were not conducted properly, expected objectives were not attained. “These activities should be put together, should be combined.” Ibrahim Rassol, the Prime Minister of South Africa Western Cape, stating that poverty was not an exception, poverty was an inherent quality of globalization. “Qualified people have immigrated to developed countries from now on. We face inequality and shortage in the global commerce.” He added that we had to form a new paradigm and first of all shouldn’t support violence and crime. Ali Bardakoglu, the Chairman of the Presidency of Religious Affairs,

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stated that if what has been happening in the world was assessed carefully and sensitively, it would be seen that great anguish had been suffered and mankind made the world very chaotic. “We were sent to this world with two blessings: First one is bearing love, affection, humanness, the feeling of helping each other in our hearts”. He also said that the reason why mankind could not use these virtues is that he cannot transcend his own boundaries. “If we know ourselves, the world, the existence, the Almighty Allah, it would be enough. All are an interrelated whole.” Other subjects which were dealt within the scope of the congress are as follows: “the rise of social justice”, “general view to humane crisis in the world”, “an important example in humane crisis: refugees”, “giving in hard times: providing legitimacy in a rapidly changing political atmosphere”, “humane development index: a close glance to the inequality in the Muslim world”, “faith and philanthropy: relationship between benevolence and religion”, “going beyond boundaries for common denominator: cooperation that can’t be limited by cultures and religions”, “new mission of aid in a changing sociology of Turkey, philanthropists’ attempts”, “from philanthropy to change: philanthropists’ efforts in the Arabic world”, “on the scale changing problems, new interpretation of philanthropy”. At the end of the first day of the congress, Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Ibrahim Rassol (the Prime Minister of South Africa Western Cape), Nimet Çubukçu (Minister of State), Shahid Malik (the minister of International Development), Prof. Dr. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu (the secretary general of Organization of the Islamic Conference), Muammer Güler, (the Governor of Istanbul), Kadir

Topbas, (the Mayor of Istanbul metropolitan), Sheikha Aisha Al- Thani as well as academicians, businessmen and philanthropists attended the premiere night dinner of the congress of international philanthropists. In the premiere night dinner of the congress, Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that because of problems stemming from changing ecological conditions, inequalities in income distribution and injustice in the world, millions of people lived in more difficult conditions. Having underlined the importance of hosting the congress for Istanbul, he said that it was the right decision to choose Istanbul, for Istanbul had been the host of many ancient civilizations. We were proud of calling for the determination of cooperation to give a helping hand for all people regardless of their beliefs and homes and all kinds of differences. Pointing out that he was very happy to see the efficient participation of NGOs of Turkey in this organization aimed at providing cooperation and coordination among world NGOs, he added “Holding this congress in Istanbul is very meaningful as Istanbul is a waqf city bearing the historical root of benevolence and philanthropy. Waqfs, either in Turkey or Ottoman territories, had been the protector of the poor and the destitute for 960 years, and now they are still the protectors of them. This tradition has been going on in these lands for centuries. The first important waqf was built in Pasinler in 1048 under the Seljuk’s rule. This system was initiated exactly 960 years ago in order to take care of the stranded and to feed the poor.” See also: www.thewcmp.org

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MAWLUD AL-NABI MESSAGE FROM SECRETARY GENERAL

Necmi Sadikoglu, the Secretary General of the Union of Non-Governmental Organizations of Islamic World (UNIW), issued a message for the Mawlud al-Nabi, the birthday of our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Stating that this sacred day is of great importance for humanity and appreciating the significance of the day is vital especially for the Islamic world, Mr. Sadikoglu underlined that Muslims have to strive with the sense of responsibility in order to draw a lesson from the negative publications about our Prophet (PBUH) in European press and in order to present him to the world properly. Necmi Sadikoglu said that our prophet’s message is full of glad tidings containing formulas of happiness in both the world and the hereafter. His title “Mercy for the Universe“ should be understood thoroughly. Mr. Sadikoglu called the Islamic World to pray in such an important day. He noted that we have to strive more systematically and vigorously in order to stop violations, oppressions, unjust occupations and discriminations against Islamic World, regarding this day as a milestone. Mr. Sadikoglu emphasized that the only remedy for the problems that humanity faces today is to hold on to our Prophet’s (PBUH) message tightly. He added that if mankind does not want to encounter further disasters, his message must be paid attention. If the Islamic World desires to have a dignified and

honourable future, they have to show necessary respect for him. Mr. Sadikoglu made the following statements afterwards: “As the supreme miracle of our Prophet (PBUH) is Qur’an, the supreme miracle of the Qur’an is our Prophet (PBUH). He (PBUH) is the perfect model for us. He is the pre-eminent and unsurpassed man of the mankind in respect to faith, prayer, honesty, reliability, modesty, affection, compassion, generosity, thrift, dignity, bravery, intelligence and even beauty in facial appearance. Yet more, everybody, both his enemies and friends, agree with the idea that He (PBUH) is the best in every kind of attributes and qualities. He educated and trained the ignorant society of his time in such a way that, in less than a hundred years, they spread the lights of the Qur’an from France to China and they became the leaders and educators of great civilizations of that time and they taught them the true civilization and humanity. He realized revolutions that transcended his time just in twenty-three years’ time, and brought the prescription of true happiness both in this world and in the hereafter. He is the master of the minds. He is the teacher of the souls. He is the beloved of the hearts. He is the Messenger of Allah that we love much more than our souls.

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SECRETARY GENERAL SPEAKS AT HABER7 TV

Necmi Sadikoglu, the Secretary General of the Union of Non-Governmental Organizations of the Islamic World (UNIW), took part in the programme “Today (Bugün)” prepared and presented by Ersoy Dede in Haber7 TV . Necmi Sadikoglu conveyed his opinions on several topics such as the lawsuit demanding closure of “Ak Party” (Justice and Development Party), the fifth anniversary of the Americanled invasion of Iraq and finally gave information about UNIW’s activities. Necmi Sadikoglu denoted that the lawsuit against Ak Party (Justice and Development Party) is outdated and they had difficulty in explaining this matter to the Islamic World and underlined that the indictment also insulted the social values and was written in an Islamophobic approach.

Calling attention to the International Conference on Islamophobia held by UNIW in December 8-9, the Secretary General said “It has been clearly understood that we must combat the Islamophobia in our midst first“. Stating that the occurrence of the current situation in Turkey which coincided with the fifth anniversary of the Iraqi invasion is quite bothersome, Sadikoglu expressed that the USA lost in all terms, and that the region suffered dreadfully. He also added that Russia grew stronger due to this fact, which caused a change of balance in the region. Sadikoglu noted that all the events during this period revealed the strong need for the unity, cooperation and solidarity within the Islamic World. Despite everything, we must be hopeful.

UNIW STATEMENT ON THE LAWSUIT DEMANDING CLOSURE OF AK PARTY
The Union Non-Governmental Organizations of the Islamic World (UNIW) held a press conference on the lawsuit brought against Ak Parti (Justice and Development Party). Necmi Sadikoglu (Secretary General), Mr. Ali Kurt (Representative of Turkey) and Cihangir Isbilir (General Coordinator) attended the meeting which was organised by the non-governmental organizations of Turkey, under the leadership of The Foundation of Volunteer Organizations of
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Turkey (TGTV). UNIW made the following statement on the topic: Unfair lawsuit means a blow to the stability and peace! “The unfair and unjust lawsuit against the government, which had been brought by the Chief Prosecutor of the Supreme Court of Appeal, is such a freak that would go down in the darkest and the ill-fated pages of the history. This anachronistic and back-

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ward attempt which undermined the public conscience both tarnished the image of justice in the public opinion, and heavily damaged the respectability of Turkey around the world. This case is a filthy blow to the peace, harmony and the sound climate of economic and political stability of the country. The support, by some circles, to the baseless and ridiculous law indictment, and the acclamation of this historical scandal by some sections of the society is an apparent indicator of the weakness and the foulness of the politics. This judicial catastrophe shall be remembered by the history, our people and the international community, and the future generations shall judge this attempt and the supporters, shamefully. Turkey and the World undergo a great change. This unjust lawsuit is the fruit of a concept which insists remaining unaware of this change and which desires to put its old habits into practice again. The appearance of this concept undermined the pub-

lic trust in justice, especially the trust in the constitutional institutions. It caused great incurable damage to the mechanism of justice. It is the high time to sentence these concepts to the non-existence. We, as the Union of Non-Governmental Organizations of the Islamic World, call the constitutional institutions to do their part to remove the unjust and unfair barricades aimed to obstruct Turkey. We call our people to common sense. We call NGOs to give voice to their reactions. We call the media to broadcast sensitively and effectively. We also call the political parties to move together in order to protect and promote the constitutional order. We call the government, the ruling party and the 71 people, who are the subjects of this case, to act with commonsense and boldness. Respectfully announced by UNIW

MUHAMMED NAIM AKBEEK VISITS TURKEY

Muhammed Naim Akbeek, the Representative of Syria and the Council Member of the Union of NGOs of the Islamic World (UNIW), paid a visit to UNIW’s headquarters. After giving information to Necmi Sadikoglu about the Association of Recovering the Turk-Arab Heritage, which is now about to be founded in Syria, Akbeek stated that this associa-

tion would contribute to the developing Turk-Arab relations and invited UNIW Council to the inaugural of the association. Necmi Sadikoglu, the Secretary General, expressed that the association to be formed on this purpose would be of great use and as UNIW, they would support this effort.

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UNIW MEMBERS ATTEND OIC’S FIRST CONFERENCE OF HUMANITARIAN ORGANIZATIONS IN DAKAR
The First Conference of Humanitarian Organizations in the OIC Member States gathered in the resort of Sally Portudal in the Republic of Senegal on March 7-9. Fauwaz Hasbullah, the Chief Executive Officer GPM and IHH Member of Executive Board Murat Yasa attended the conference. Fauwaz Hasbullah from Global Peace Mission gave a report to UNIW on the First Conference of Humanitarian Organizations in the OIC Member States held by OIC and gave information about the conference.

EUROPEAN GOVERNMENTS MUST NOT TOLERATE ANTI-ISLAMISM

The Secretary General of UNIW, Necmi Sadikoglu, has released the following statement regarding the recent Anti-Islamist events occurred in Europe: The trend of Anti-Islamism, which was initiated by the publication of some humiliating caricatures about Our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in Denmark and in some other European countries, has gained momentum recently. In March, extremist right-wing politician Geert Wilder’s film “Fitna”, which heavily included insults to the Holy Qur’an and to the Islamic values, was demanded by some to be broadcast in Dutch TV channels; but it was rejected. However, it was broadcast on internet sites, which was received by Muslims with grief. According to the news in the media, on April 20, a cartoon film that includes insults to Prophet Muham-

mad shall be put on the market in the Netherlands. Besides, in Germany, an adaptation of the book “The Satanic Verses” by Salman Rushdie was put on the stage. Permission for such attempts and allowing them provoke marginal circles. Thus, a 17-year-old Turkish boy was killed by an extremeracist group. Such newly attempts that shall do harm world peace have no humanistic reasons. Humiliation of the values that are held in high esteem by people cannot be justified by the freedom of speech or copyright or sense of art. Freedom of speech and disseminating ideas do not amount to the right to insult. It cannot be expected from anyone to receive the humiliation of sacred values indulgently. In this context, at first the Dutch Government and all the European governments should not give permisson to such publications, broadcasts

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and policies; and they should immediately take the necessary regulations that shall regard the Islamophobic acts and incidents as a crime. Broadcasts, attitudes and policies that may instigate Anti-Islamism or Islamophobia should be considered crime like Anti-Semitism. Otherwise, marginal extremist-racist groups that are after discrimination may be strengthened. This poses a danger to the social stability and peace. Islamophobia is an obvious infringement of human rights and is a perilous discrimination. In spite of these facts, this should

be born in the mind that the reason why Muslim public opinion have not overreacted to these aforementioned broadcasts, policies and events is that they have a common sense stemming from their belief. Nevertheless, it does not mean that they shall never react. It should be ensured that Muslim public opinion react to these all the AntiIslamist broadcasts, policies and acts through peaceful means. Once again, we call all the European governments to use their common sense and heed, and to revise their attitudes in order to build social peace.

UNIW TURKISH MEMBERS 1ST CONSULTATION MEETING HELD

The Union of NGOs of the Islamic World has held its 1st Consultation Meeting with Turkish Members in the conference hall of Insan ve Medeniyet Hareketi (Human and Civilization Movement) which is in Eyup, Istanbul on April 5, 2008. The Secretary General Mr. Necmi Sadikoglu gave information in the meeting, which was highly attended by the Turkish Members, about the founding process of the Union, the activities within three years and the forthcoming projects. Mr. Sadikoglu took attention to the prior aim that is geographic and demographic representation. He also underlined the following main topics: Accrediting mechanisms, active lobby initiatives, presenting the Islamic culture and civilization, finding solutions to the global problems with the light of our own values. The President of the Foundation

of Volunteer Organizations of Turkey (TGTV) Mr. Necati Ceylan has highlighted the importance of UNIW He . also said that within the Union there is a great expectation from Turkey. Deputy Secretary General and the Representative of Turkey Mr. Ali Kurt informed the attendees about the UNIW commissions and the operating styles of commissions. He additionally said that UNIW would gain more active initiatives with the help of these commissions. The representative members of organizations also asked about the UNIW commissions and they expressed their feelings and expectations about UNIW Abdullah Ustaosmaoglu . from Bayrampasa Yesil Cami Vakfı (Foundation of Bayrampasa Green Mosque) finalized the meeting with a satisfying prayer. It was announced that these meetings would be held bimonthly.

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LEBANON NGOS VISIT UNIW AND APPLY FOR MEMBERSHIP

Directors of the Lebanon-centred Foundation of Humanitarian Relief For A Developed Society and Foundation for The Improvement of Palestinian and Lebanese Families, Wissam Taha and Talal Hussein Mustafa visited UNIW and applied for membership. Wissam Taha, the Fund Raising Director of Foundation For The Improvement of Palestinian and Lebanese Families, expressed that their field of activity was mostly the families in Palestine. They focuse on improving the fatherless and abandoned families and their rehabilitation. They demanded support for all kinds of projects on this area. Talal Hussein Mustafa, the Head of Board of Directors of Algawth, underlined that their foundation worked in order to solve the problems of Palestinians living in Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon and that they provided service for all kinds of needs from health to education, from construction to food aid.

The Lebanese directors of the foundation, who negotiated with Cihangir Isbilir, the General Coordinator of UNIW stated that they would like to , be members of the Union since they believed that UNIW is going to perform many good services in the upcoming time period. Cihangir Isbilir said that UNIW is about to take action as well as continue its settlement period with 110 members from 30 countries and that UNIW will perform more effective coordination activities thanks to the provision of geographic and demographic representation day by day. Isbilir, who emphasized that the split of the Islamic World should come to an end and the greatest duty to achieve this is of the non-governmental organizations, stated that there could be favourable and successful services by establishing collective project and effective consultation mechanisms. Besim Perolli, the Deputy General Coordinator of UNIW was also present at the , meeting.

CHAIRMAN OF IRAQI STUDENTS & YOUTH LEAGUE VISIT UNIW
Kreem Kh. Elewi, Chairman of Iraqi Youth & Students Association, visited UNIW Elewi, who met the General . Coordinator Cihangir Isbilir, stated that they wanted to be member of UNIW . They told that they produced projects for Iraqi youth who were affected by the occupation and unfavorable situations in Iraq and expressed that in order to perform these projects they wanted to be in cooperation with UNIW .
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Mr. Isbilir, General Coordinator of UNIW said that the problems in Iraq , are always on their agenda; especially the disputes and domestic conflicts make the Islamic World very upset. And they hope that after the resolution of these disputes and getting life normal in Iraq, the cooperation between UNIW and associations in Iraq will be improved. Detailed information about Iraqi Students & Youth Leage can be obtained at www.alrabita.net

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UNIW REPRESENTATIVE OF TURKEY VISITS TIKA PRESIDENT

Lawyer Ali Kurt, the Turkish Representative of the Union of NonGovernmental Organizations of the Islamic World (UNIW), made a visit to Musa Kulaklıkaya, the President of the Turkish International Cooperation and Development Agency (TIKA), on April 10, Thursday. Congratulating the President Kulaklıkaya on his taking office on December 30 2007, Ali Kurt gave information about the activities of UNIW and expressed that they should develop cooperation and common projects between UNIW and TIKA. Mr. Kurt underlined that they were ready, with all their members, for helping TIKA in every project they would carry out. TIKA President Musa Kulaklıkaya expressed his gladness for the visitation and stated that they were also ready for every kind of cooperation with UNIW in the forthcoming cycle. He also noted that the nongovernmental organizations with high quality of organization and improved capacity were active in foreign territories and intercommunal cooperation became more vital at the present time. Cihangir Isbilir, the General Coordinator of UNIW, was also present at the meeting. The Turkish International Cooperation and Development Agency (TIKA) was formed under the ordinance of Act 480 as an organization linked to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs based on a Cabinet decision on January 24, 1992. (www.tika.gov.tr) The roles and responsibilities of

TIKA include: 1. Providing economic, commercial, technical, social, cultural and educational cooperation to developing countries via projects aimed at assisting the development of these countries. 2. Defining economic, commercial, technical, social, cultural and educational cooperation and assistance areas by taking the development objectives and needs of developing nations into consideration and developing the required projects or securing the development of these projects by private sector organisations. 3. Establishment of government organisations in developing countries, preparation of legislation, training of civil servants, provision of assistance required during the transition to a freemarket economy in the areas of banking, insurance, international trade, finance and taxation, deployment of experts to these countries, provision of work experience and education to employees from these countries as well as undertaking coordination required for the allocation of grants to these employees. 4. Undertaking the required organisation for overseas cooperation programs in education and culture in cooperation and coordination with Turkish Cultural Centres. 5. Providing cooperation to other Non-Governmental Organisations in line with TIKA’s main roles and responsibilities.

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UNIW SECRETARY GENERAL DELIVERS A SPEECH AT ISTANBUL CHAMBER OF COMMERCE (ICOC)
Necmi Sadikoglu, the Secretary General of UNIW delivered a speech at , the april session of the ordinary general assembly of Istanbul Chamber of Commerce (ICOC) (www.ito.org.tr), presided by Muharrem Keçeli. Commenting on the the recent political issues in Turkey and the reflections in the Islamic world, “Turkey, the country which adopts both the democratization and westernization most intensely and the spokesman of the east in the west. It is a country that the political consequences of both positive and negative situations are always above the expected level. The impact of the unfavourable conditions cause imponderably high and irretrievably deep damage” stated Sadikoglu.

UNIW REPRESENTATIVE OF TURKEY VISITS DR. ADNAN ERTEM, PRIME MINISTRY DEPUTY UNDERSECRETARY

Lawyer Ali Kurt, the Turkish Representative of the Union of Non-Governmental Organizations of the Islamic World (UNIW), paid a visit to Dr. Adnan Ertem, the Turkish Prime Ministry Deputy Undersecretary, on April 10, Thursday and congratulated him on his new assignment on November 2007. After giving information about the International Conference on Islamophobia held by UNIW most recently, to Mr. Ertem, who previously served as Istanbul District Manager of Foundations, Mr. Kurt stated that UNIW is an organization which doesn’t have any alternative and gathered the non-governmental organizations of the Islamic World under the same umbrella. Dr. Adnan Ertem wished them suc-

cess in their activities and said that they would give support to UNIW to the end as they did before. Cihangir Isbilir, the General Coordinator of UNIW was also , present at the meeting. In the period when he served in Istanbul District Office of Foundations, Adnan Ertem had taken charge in the restoration of a number of historical artifacts, as well as preserving many premises belonging to foundations and saving them from marauding. Mr. Ertem was born in Mercan District of Erzincan, in 1965 and graduated from Faculty of Political Sciences, Department of Public Administration of Istanbul University.

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URGENT CALL FOR HELP TO PALESTINE

The Union of NGOs of the Islamic World called all the Islamic countries and its members for urgent aid to Palestinian brothers who are pushed to poverty and hunger by Israel. Necmi Sadikoglu the Secretary General said that they had regular information from Husam Kareem about the region and that there were 120 patients with chronic renal-deficiency and these patients were trying to survive in hard conditions. He added that they were planning to send four kidney machines to the district. In addition, IHH, a member of the Union, started a big charity campaign for Palestinian people .The campaign

was introduced to the public and the press at a meeting with mayors from Palestine. The Secretary General of the Union and a lot of NGO representatives attended the meeting. Adli RS Yasih, the mayor of the Nablu Metropolitan Municipality made a speech and said that the whole Palestinian people suffered from the occupation and the wall of shame excluding Palestinian people because of the embargo imposed on them .They face hunger and deaths in great numbers .Their situation is too pathetic to describe.

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ASSEMBLY OF ISTANBUL CHAMBER OF COMMERCE The speech delivered by Necmi Sadikoglu, Secretary General of UNIW

Mr. Chairman, Distinguished members of the assembly, I extend my respectful greetings to each of all you. Dear friends, I wish I could deliver a precursory and a cheering speech today. I wish I could present you a bundle of great achievements of our country today. I wish I could mention our steps towards economic, political and social developments as well as our projects today. Unfortunately, the chaotic conditions, under which our country is, damaged the atmosphere of stability and weakened our hopes for the future. We earnestly desire that this turbulence is not a long-lasting one. With its substantial history, dynamic population and rich cultural accumulation, Turkey boosts and provides security not only to its community, but also to the whole Islamic World. As Turkey sets an example of inspiration by its War of Independence; thanks to the steps towards development and democracy, it gave hope to the whole Islamic world, it

built unshakable bridges between the West and the East. However; today, we regrettably see the legal system, the source of the atmosphere of peace, is incriminated and became political. The August Assembly, the stage of public-will, is put under the care of a guardian by the closure case. Today’s executive power, having an exceptional success among the Republican governments, shall face the edge of the closure case’s sword at every step it may take. Every section of the society is uneasy due to this situation and is also pessimistic. The recent blocking conditions and the step towards guardianship as well as the governmental and executional crisis have obstructed and blocked Turkey and tarnished its image, and laid groundwork for every kind of problems that may shatter the determination of the country. It is possible to evade from this out-of-date, anachronic and humiliating position, even though it caused great irretrievable damage. Dear friends, I would like to briefly discuss the implications of the recent developments occurring in our country in the Islamic world.

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The foundation of ‘The Union of Non-Governmental Organizations of the Islamic World’ (UNIW), the Chairman of which is me, gained its formality as an international association with the resolution of the Council of Ministers in December 2005. With the term “Islamic World”, we not only indicate the Islamic countries, but also the whole world where Muslims live. Since then, we have been receiving numerous membership applications from Indonesia and the USA to the Caucasia and Burkina Faso. We were able to establish a giant network with 110 members from 50 countries. Our union is expanding day by day, and it is becoming an effective and efficient coordination system. We are on the verge of beginning a period of action with this acceleration, while continuing the restructuring process. What made us powerful while we exert these efforts are our historical richness and cultural values, as well as the stability and the self- respecting multi-dimensional foreign policy strategies of our country. Today, we receive many questions posed by the same countries and by all our members. The recent events in our coun-

try disappointed our citizens as well as the countries and the peoples on which Turkey has a cultural impact and geostrategic effect. In Turkey, which is the Spokesman of the East in the West, and the country which adopts both the democratization and westernization most intensely, the political consequences of both positive and negative situations are experienced above the expected level. The impact of the unfavourable conditions causes imponderably high and irretrievably deep damage. Valuable friends, In spite of the unfavourable conditions, we desire that the common sense prevails in our country, which left hard times behind. I wish that today’s atmosphere of tension and chaos would be a propelling factor for democratization and development. I wish our country and our citizens would attain a level exceeding even the living standards of the developed countries and the right to live decently. I wish the law would win and the justice would prevail. I extend my respectful greetings with these sentiments and thoughts.
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PRESS

UNIW IN THE

ISLAMOPHOBIA SHOULD BE CONSIDERED AS CRIME

International Islamophobia Conference held by The Union of NGOs of the Islamic World (UNIW) has ended. In the final announcement of the conference that commenced yesterday at Grand Cevahir Hotel with the participations of academic circles and experts from non-governmental organizations, it is notified that “Islamophobia should be considered as crime like Anti-Semitism, laws should be made and decisions should be taken against Islamophobia by international law mechanisms.” In the final announcement, it is implied that the world is deliberately being turned into a place where fear is dominant, security crisis is prevalent and the custom of living together is diminished and also remarked that these days Islamophobia is the biggest betrayal to the world peace as we need multiculturalism, pluralism, and custom of living together more than anytime. It is remarked in the announcement that “Therefore Islamophobia should be considered as crime like Anti-Semitism, laws should be made and decisions should be taken against Islamophobia by international law mechanisms and stated that media organs are the most effective means in the formation and spread of Islamophobia. In the announcement emphasizing that the combat against Islomophobia should carry on systematically and strategically at political, legal, economic, national and international level with professional instruments based on education and media and it is also noted that especially underdeveloped Islamic countries causes misunderstanding and misconception of Islam and Muslim.

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A CALL TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PUBLIC OPINION The announcement has made a call to political circles, governments, representatives of NGOs, religious leaders, media organs, international organizations, and the public opinion as: “Dealing with Islamophobia should be main task of everyone, every organization and government for the world peace.” National and international decision making mechanisms should know that their political plans based on antiIslamism would have no result other than leading the world to disaster. Any type of lobby activities should be followed persistently in order to make National and international decision making mechanisms and lawmakers’ take decisions and make laws against Islamophobia and put them into practice or oppose to resolved Islamophobic law, decision and policies in practice. The multi-media instruments fuelling and increasing Islamophobia should consistently be boycotted. In order to deal with Islamophobia, multi-media instruments should be used more efficiently, adequate funds should be allocated, and the most convenient projects should be implemented. In order to eliminate misunderstandings and misconceptions about Islam and Muslims with actionnaire and proactive actions and conceptions rather than reactionnaire and passive actions and conceptions, extroverted and introverted double sided educational activities should be put in practice. Therefore especially political, intellectual and religious leadership are of high significance. In order not to allow Islomophobia to be a new instrument of cruelty against Muslims and a new dirty key opening the dark doors, institutions capable of training staff expert on the issue should be established and supported.

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ISLAMOPHOBIA MUST BE ACCEPTED AS AN OFFENSE

“International Islamophobia Conference” organized by UNIW has finished. In conclusion report of the conference, it is mentioned that the world is trying to be made consciously and deliberately a place that fears are dominating and has only one culture and has a security crisis and members want that Islamophobia must be accepted an offense like Anti-Semitism. “International Islamophobia Conference” organized by The Union Of NGOs of the Islamic World (IDSB) has finished. In conclusion report of the conference, which has started yesterday and at Grand Cevahir Hotel and Congress Center and gathered experts from academic community and civil community, it is requested that Islamophobia must be accepted an offense like AntiSemitism and national and international laws must be created in the law area against to Islamophobia. In conclusion report of the conference, it is mentioned that the world is trying to be made consciously and deliberately a place that fears are dominating and which has only one culture and that has a security crisis. However, Islamophobia will be the biggest betrayal to world peace which requires multicultural, multinational and understanding of living together. “For these reasons Islamophobia must be accepted an offense like AntiSemitism and national and international laws must be created in the law area against to Islamophobia.” It is also mentioned in this conference report that Media Corporations are the most effective way in order to spread Islamophobia. It is also stressed that

struggle for Anti-Islamophobia must be maintained in both national and international areas politically, economically and legally by using media and education based professional vehicles. Islam countries’ less-development of socioeconomic level causes people to misunderstand Islam and Muslims. CALL FOR THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND PUBLIC OPINION In report, political circles, governments, representatives of NGOs, all spiritual leaders, media establishments, international institutions and public opinion are called for “To fight against Islamophobia should be one of the main duties of everyone, every institution and every government. National and international decision making mechanisms should know that their political plans based on Islamophobia and anti-Islamism would result no benefits except than dragging the world into disasters. Islamophobic media institutions and the establishments that treat Muslims discriminatively and show Islamophobic actions should be boycotted. We should lobby insistently in the direction that the national and international decision making mechanisms and law makers to make laws against Islamophobia, to take decision and apply these decisions or we should lobby against current Islamophobic laws, decisions and policies. The multimedia products that incite disseminate Islamophobia should be protested insistently. In order to struggle against Islamophobia, multimedia tools should be used more efficiently, to achieve this, necessary funds should be allocated
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and the most appropriate projects should be implemented. In order to prevent the misunderstandings and misperceptions concerning Islam, actionary but not reactionary, proactive but not passive actions and expressions; two sided, inward and outward education programs should be planned and applied. For this reason, political,

intellectual and spiritual leadership is particularly important. In order not to let the Islamophobia be a new vehicle for oppression to Muslims and a new and dirty key to open the dark doors, the institutions which will train the experts on those matters should be founded or supported.”

TURKEY PREVENTS EUROPE’S FEAR

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Mr. William Baker, the Chairman of the Union of American Christians and Muslims, who participated in the first ever ‘International Islamophobia Conference’ organized in Istanbul, stated that Turkey is the only country that will remove fear of Islam in the Western World . The first ‘International Islamophobia Conference’ organized by ‘the Union of non-Governmental Organizations of Islamic World’ in Istanbul, ended yesterday. By making such an extensive participated organization in which the concept of Islamophobia that deeply threatens the World of Islam, is to be discussed first time ever, Turkey once again put forth its leading position in Islamic World. The importance of Turkey being a neighbor country to Europe and also being a nation with good qualities for struggling with the fear of Islamophobia, increased once more. In his statements to Yeni Safak, Mr. William Baker,the Chairman of the Union of American Christians and Muslims, said that Turkey would make great contribution for removing the fear of Islam in the West and also, Turkey would be the best country for struggling with the fear of Islam. Islam is not a threat
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Prof. Dr. Mr.Tarik Said Ramadan, a well known Islamic scholar living in Switzerland, stated as : ‘The EU Membership of Turkey will contribute to introduction of Islam and removing the misunderstandings in the West.’ This conference could not be organized in another countryMr.Anwar Ibrahim, the former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia said : ‘Is it possible to organize such a conference and to make debates about equality and democracy in a Muslim country other than Turkey? It is definitely impossible. You could do it in Turkey.’ The World is pointing out youMr. William Baker said : ‘Once, there was a Islamophobia in Turkey, but not now. Today, Turkey is moving ahead once again with her President and Prime Minister. This conference is the sign of those progresses. This conference proves that people are not afraid of Islam, now. I appreciate the new government. In the world, all the people are pointing out Turkey and they say that Turkey is achieving. Turkey would resist if her sovereignty is in danger. The government says that they would their best for their country and their nation.’

ISLAMOPHOBIA MUST BE ACCEPTED AN OFFENSE LIKE ANTI-SEMITISM

“International Islamophobia Conference” organized by IDSB has finished. In the conclusion report of the conference, it is mentioned that the world is trying to be made consciously and deliberately a place where fears are dominating and that has only one culture and has a security crisis and members want that Islamophobia must be accepted an offense like AntiSemitism. “International Islamophobia Conference” organized by The Union of NGOs of the Islamic World (IDSB) has finished. In the conclusion report of the conference, which has started yesterday and at Grand Cevahir Hotel and Congress Center and gathered experts from academic community and civil community, it is requested that Islamophobia must be accepted an offense like Anti-Semitism and national and international laws must be created in the law area against to Islamophobia. In the conclusion report of the

conference, it is mentioned that the world is trying to be made consciously and deliberately a place where fears are dominating and that has only one culture and has a security crisis. However, Islamophobia will be the biggest betrayal to world peace which requires multicultural, multinational and understanding of living together. “For these reasons Islamophobia must be accepted an offense like AntiSemitism and national and international laws must be created in the law area against to Islamophobia.” It is also mentioned in this report that Media Corporations are the most effective way in order to spread Islamophobia. It is also stressed that struggle for Anti-Islamophobia must be maintained in both national and international areas politically, economically and legally by using media and education based professional vehicles. Islam countries’ less-development of socioeconomic level causes people to misunderstand Islam and Muslims.

ISLAMOPHOBIA CONFERENCE IN ISTANBUL

Ihsanoglu defined the Islamophobia as an illness. It was informed that Anti-Islamism and Islamophobia are becoming a dangerous sickness and threatening the world peace. International Conference on Islamophobia started in Istanbul. At the conference that was organised by The Union of NGOs of the Islamic World, Islamophobia and the necessities of that issue were discussed.

Islamophobia, namely fear of Islam was defined as “misunderstanding Islam, seeing Islam as a danger, seeing Islam as an enemy, behaving to Islamism differently, the problems that we saw at Western World”. Describing Islamophobia as an ailment, The Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, Prof. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu emphasized the enmity of Islam was increasing following the September 11 attacks.
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UNIW’S SADIKOGLU: EUROPEAN STATES MUST NOT TOLERATE ANTI-ISLAM ACTIVITIES

Union of NGOs of the Islamic World (UNIW) Secretary-General Necmi Sadıkoglu has commented on recent anti-Islam activities in Europe, saying European governments must not tolerate such things. Sadıkoglu warned that anti-Islam activities across Europe are gaining momentum and called upon European governments to take the necessary steps to stop their further spread, in a written statement released last Friday. “The anti-Islam trend that was initiated by the publication of caricatures of the Prophet Mohammed in Denmark as well as some other European countries gained momentum following the broadcasting of extremist right-wing politician Geert Wilder’s film ‘Fitna,’ which insults the Quran and Islamic values on Internet sites, although Dutch TV stations refused to broadcast it,” Sadıkoglu stated.

Sadıkoglu also noted that such attempts would harm world peace, adding that the denigration of values held in high esteem by certain groups cannot be justified by freedom of speech as the latter does not provide the right to insult. “The Dutch government and all the European governments should not allow such publications and policies, and they should immediately take the necessary measures and make regulations that treat Islamophobic acts as crimes, like anti-Semitism. Otherwise, marginal extremistracist groups may grow stronger,” Sadıkoglu said. Stating that Islamophobia is an obvious infringement on human rights and leads to dangerous forms of discrimination, Sadıkoglu called on European governments to use their common sense and to change their attitudes in order to build social peace.

UNION OF NGOS OF THE ISLAMIC WORLD (UNIW): EUROPEAN STATES MUST NOT TOLERATE ANTI-ISLAM ACTIVITIES
Union of NGOs of the Islamic World (UNIW) Secretary-General Necmi Sadıkoglu has commented on recent anti-Islam activities in Europe, saying European governments must not tolerate such things. Sadıkoglu warned that anti-Islam activities across Europe are gaining momentum and called upon European governments to take the necessary steps to stop their further spread, in a written statement released last Friday. “The anti-Islam trend that was initiated by the publication of caricatures of the Prophet Mohammed in Denmark as well as some other European countries gained momentum following the broadcasting of extremist right-wing politician Geert Wilder’s film ‘Fitna,’ which insults the Quran and Islamic values on Internet sites, although Dutch TV stations refused to broadcast it,” Sadıkoglu stated. Sadıkoglu also noted that such attempts would harm world peace, adding that the denigration of values held

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in high esteem by certain groups cannot be justified by freedom of speech as the latter does not provide the right to insult. “The Dutch government and all the European governments should not allow such publications and policies, and they should immediately take the necessary measures and make regulations that treat Islamophobic acts as crimes, like anti-Semitism. Otherwise,

marginal extremist-racist groups may grow stronger,” Sadıkoglu said. Stating that Islamophobia is an obvious infringement on human rights and leads to dangerous forms of discrimination, Sadıkoglu called on European governments to use their common sense and to change their attitudes in order to build social peace.

EUROPE MUSN’T AGGRAVE ANTI-ISLAMISM

The Secretary General of UNIW, Necmi Sadıkoglu warns the European governments on the aggravation of the Anti-Islamism. Sunday, 06 April 2008 21:41 Regarding the recent Anti-Islamist events occurred in Europe,The Secretary General of UNIW, Necmi Sadıkoglu, has released a statement. Here is his statement: “The trend of Anti-Islamism, which was initiated by the publication of some humiliating caricatures about Our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in Denmark and in some other European countries, has gained momentum recently. In March, extremest rightwing politician Geert Wilder’s film “Fitna”, which heavily included insults to the Holy Qur’an and to the Islamic values, was demanded by some to be broadcast in Dutch TV channels; but it was rejected. However, it was broadcast on internet sites, which was received by Muslims with grief. According to the news in the media, on April 20, a cartoon film that includes insults to Prophet Muhammad shall be put on the market in the

Netherlands. Besides, in Germany, an adaptation of the book “The Satanic Verses” by Salman Rushdie was put on the stage. Permissing such attempts and allowing them provokes marginal circles. Thus, a 17-year-old Turkish boy was killed by an extremeracist group. Such newly attempts that shall do harm world peace have no humanistic reasons. Humiliation of the values that are held in high esteem by people cannot be justified by the freedom of speech or copyright or sense of art. Freedom of speech and disseminating ideas do not amount to the right to insult. It cannot be expected from anyone to receive the humiliation of sacred values indulgently. In this context, at first the Dutch Government and all the European governments should not give permisson to such publications, broadcasts and policies; and they should immediately take the necessary regulations that shall regard the Islamophobic acts and incidents as a crime. Broadcasts, attidutes and policies that may instigate Anti-Islamism or Islamophobia should be considered crime like

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Anti-Semitism. Otherwise, marginal extremist-racist groups that are after discrimination may be strengthened. This poses a danger to the social stability and peace. Islamophobia is an obvious infringement of human rights and is a perilous discrimination. In spite of these facts, this should be born in the mind that the reason why Muslim public opinion have not overreacted to these aforementioned

broadcasts, policies and events is that they have a common sense stemming from their belief. Nevertheless, it does not mean that they shall never react. It should be ensured that Muslim public opinion react to these all the AntiIslamist broadcasts, policies and acts through peaceful means.” Once again, We call all the European governments to use their common sense and heed, and to revise their attidutes in order to build social peace.

ISLAMOPHOBIA THE CONTINUATION OF THE CRUSADES

British writer Karen Armstrong said that Islamophobia is a continuation of the Crusades. International Conference on Islamophobia began with the participation of a lot of scholars, intellectuals, politicians and the presidents of NGOs in Grand Cevahir Hotel. In conference, which will continue tomorrow, a Western centred clear discrimination, Islamophobia, and its reflections will be discussed. Necmi Sadikoglu, The president of UNIW said that Islamophobia is a clear discrimination. Sadikoglu stated that Islamophobia must be banned by law just like anti-semitism and governments must be sensitive in this subject regarding it as a big problem for peace. ISLAMOPHOBIA: POLITICAL PROPAGANDA OF THE USA Necati Ceylan, The president of the Foundation of Volunteer Organizations of Turkiye said that Islamophobia, which is a continuation of ethnocentrism originating from racist

attitudes, was revived again as a USA centred mechanism, because of the USA’s “being unable to exist without artificial enemies” and to persuade its own public opinion, it is developed and marketed to the world by the USA. Ceylan said that European countries also participated to the foundation of this trap standing by the USA to have their share from communion in point Islam was propagandized as the biggest threat for the West and Muslims were shown as potential enemies. In our country, Islamophobic events occur sometimes and some programs are broadcast relevant to this subject. Some Muslims trying to accomplish their religious duties experience hindrances and they are taunted in our country. The restriction of headscarf is one of the clearest examples of Islamophobic restrictions. Media runs up Islamophobia by making distortional news about Muslims. However, Islam is main characteristics and identity of our country. Holding on to Islam must

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be our hallmark. Anti Islamism is a political and ideological attitude. On the contrary, Islam is love, peace, civilization and mercy. THE WEST PRODUCES ISLAMOPHOBIA BY MEANS OF ARTIFICIAL FEARS Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, Secretary General of the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC), said that Islamophobia will constitute a serious treat to world peace and stability, and create threats to all public from all religions and culture unless we are opposed to it. Islamophobia has lots of reasons and its roots dates back to historical enmity. The report of intergovernmental and governmental organisations indicates that Islamophobia made progress more dominantly and more commonly than racial segregation. The insistent “bad introduction” of Islam and Muslims by Some western media organization remains as the most strong and continual source of the prejudice against Muslims. It is very rare to live a day without hearing a headline focusing particularly on violence events which occur in either Iraq, Palestine, Afghanistan or another place in which Muslims involved. Naturally, this kind events figured in such a way enforce the prejudice engraved widely to European common subconscious. Some Western academicians try to establish unreal information, which are not related to the truth, under the cloak of their academic studies. WE ARE SUSPICIOUS OF THE CALLS FOR DIALOGUE Ihsanoglu, taking attention that there are doubts about the sincerity of the West in its calls for the dialogue, said “since the outbreak of the caricature crisis, international arena has made an excessive call for a dialogue. Some countries, where insulting incidents occurred, and some organizations called for the dialogue between the West and the Islamic world.

We supported these calls heartily and responded to the dialog wishes. But we stop for a while and ask: Are different things intended by means of a dialogue? If these dialogues aim to rectify the past mistakes, then the dialogue should follow a certain path. These countries should establish an inner dialogue among different fractions in their societies in order to clear up their stance. The problem is in the boundaries of these countries. It is not in the other side of the dialogue call. On the other hand, Islamic world should run the serious works in order to remove Islamophobia. The absolute necessity to defend us against these attacks increases as the days pass by.” THE WEST WANTS TO CREATE AN ATMOSPHERE OF CONFLICT And Enver Ibrahim, the ex-Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia, said that the West tries to create an atmosphere of conflict. Ibrahim told that western countries cannot understand that Islam contains peace, reconciliation and justice messages and so this situation causes Islamophobia. “Neither West can understand our language, nor we do their language” Mr. Ibrahim told that the occupation of Iraq, attacks to Palestine and slaughter of innocent people in Afghanistan show the level that the Islamophobia has reached. Ibrahim, declaring that the Islamophobia is an imaginary fear, said “We should begin to act against this challenge. Muslims should correct themselves and get rid of this inferiority complex.” Ibrahim, saying that the fear of Islam did not emerge due to the 9/11attack, stated that it was a fear in the depth of European mentality and reminding the news whether the Turkey transforms into Malaysia, he said “Turkey and Malaysia should not be compared, Turkey is a model country in terms of economics and politics, it follows a way far from Malaysia.”

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FEAR OF ISLAM IN DEPTH

At the conference to be held on 8-9 December in Istanbul with the participation of about a hundred scholars, intellectuals and non-governmental organizations, the fear of Islam is going to be discussed. The Union of NGOs of the Islamic World (UNIW), whose Secretary General is Necmi Sadıkoglu, is going to hold an International conference on “Islamophobia” on 8-9 December in Istanbul at Grand Cevahir Hotel Convention Centre. The opening speech of the conference is expected to be delivered by The Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The conference at which the causes and solutions of Islamophobia that has been rising especially since September 11 and defined as a type of discrimination and characterized as the sources of anti-Islamist policy, publications and activities targeting at Muslims is going to last two days. More than a hundred and fifty scholars, academics and representatives from all around the world are going to attend the conference. Prof. Dr. Ekmeleddin IHSANOGLU (The Secretary General of the Organization of Islamic Conference), will also deliver a speech in opening session and around 60 papers be presented at the conference and over 100 academics, journalists, and representatives of NGOs from home and abroad are expected to follow it. Stating that they have been working on the project for the whole year Necmi Sadıkoglu, The Secretary General of NGOs of the Islamic World (UNIW) has explained their objectives in organizing a conference on Is-

lamophobia as: “To generate projects directed at solutions and to make contributions to the world peace by giving way to the handling of the concept of Islamophobia at all points that is a clear discrimination, to gather experts on the issue from academic environment and non-governmental civil organizations circle, to give the issue political, social and economic dimensions, to discuss causes and consequences, perpetrators and objects of Islamophobia, to establish a Monitoring Centre/Committee that will offer reports and solutions to academic environments and decision making mechanisms”. Noting that they are willing to prevent personal and institutional incidents, publications and regulations through legal means by enabling necessary regulations according to international and national legal norms, and to create a broad sensitivity about Islamophobia in international public opinion, Sadıkoglu remarked that they are going to establish a Monitoring Centre/Committee under the body of the union after the conference that will regularly offer reports on Islamophobic publications, incidents and policies all around the world to related organizations. Along with western intellectuals such as Prof. Dr. Norman Finkelstein, who is of Jewish origin and criticizes Israel and its global policies and wellknown with the book, “The Holocaust Industry”, the author of the book “Islamic Threat Myth” Prof. Dr. John L. Esposito who assesses EasternWestern Relations objectively, French intellectual Dr. Vinsent Geisser who has prepared a very comprehensive

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report on discrimination against Muslims in Europe, Karen Amstrong, Susana Mangana, William Baker, Eric K. Nisbet some significant scholars, intellectuals and politicians from Islamic World like Tarık Ramazan, Fehmi Huveydi, Enver İbrahim (Former Vice Prime Minister of Malaysia), Ahmed Von Denfer, Louay Safi, Prof. Dr. Anis Ahmad, Mounsef Marzuqi, İqbal Yunus, Dr. Ahmet Bakcan, Dr. Merve Kavakçı and from Turkey Fe-

hmi Koru, Dr. İbrahim Kalın, Prof. Dr. Numan Kurtulmus, Prof. Dr. Mümtazer Türköne, Prof. Dr. Ömer Faruk Harman, Prof. Dr. Mehmet Görmez, Doç. Dr. Yusuf Kaplan, Ali Kurt, Yasin Aktay, Fatma Benli, Doç. Dr. Fethi Güngör and many more academics are going to present papers at the conference. For more details on the conference visit www. islamophobiaconference. org

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ISLAMOPHOBIA

Islamic Horizons, the monthly publication of the Islamic Society of North America, mentioned about the International Conference on Islamophobia in its last issue. The role of Islamic scholars in the prevention of Islamophobia was emphasized in the article by Dr. Iqbal Unus. Islamic Horizons, a magazine sold for 4$ and published by ISNA which has been carrying out non-governmental activities for over forty years, mentioned about the International Conference on Islamophobia held by The Union of NGOs of the Islamic World (UNIW) on December 9-10, 2007 at Istanbul Grand Cevahir Convention Center. Stating the great significance of Islamic scholars in the prevention of Islamophobia, which has been increasing for the last few years in an unjust way and felt especially in the USA, Unus said that Islamophobia essentially originated from those who were afraid that their financial hegemony

and mental structure would end. Referring to the origins of modern Islamophobia and Karen Armstrong’s opposition to the term “Muslim terrorist”, the magazine stated that conference gathered many scholars, academicians, authors, thinkers, representatives of NGOs from 36 different countries and was very successful. The magazine quoted from statements made by Necmi Sadıkoglu, the Secretary General of UNIW, about the intended goal of the conference and the significance of it for the world peace. Islamic Horizons also mentioned the speech by Dr. Louay Safi from ISNA Leadership Development Center in detail and reported that Prof Dr. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, the Secretary General of Organization of Islamic Conference, and other distinguished guests participated the conference.

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