y The project introduces a novel passive suspension system for ground vehicles. y The system is based a flexible electromagnetic shock absorber (EMSA). y In the proposed system, it is attempted: (a) To select a variable high damping coefficient usable in a car; (b) Physical dimensions and the geometry of EMSA not to be very different from mechanical shock absorbers; (c) Its weight and volume to be low for the core not to be saturated. y After designing and providing a model, the results of the test model are compared with the behavior of a tubular linear induction motor, which is connected to DC supply. y This system will have low cost and will be controllable. y The present invention discloses an electromagnetic shock absorber which may be employed to prevent the bottoming of spring in autos during shock conditions, or the replace ,in its entirety a shock absorber .
the oil reservoir (D). Shock absorbers must absorb or dissipate energy. the cylinder (C). In other types of dashpots. the dissipated energy can be stored and used later. such as electromagnetic ones. the piston with seals (B). energy is converted to heat inside the viscous fluid. and the air chamber (F). In most dashpots. when designing or choosing a shock absorber is where that energy will go. the floating piston (E). the hydraulic fluid will heat up. One design consideration. while in air cylinders.
. The components are: the rod (A). the hot air is usually exhausted to the atmosphere. It is analogous to a resistor in an electric RLC circuit.
Shock absorber with internal reservoir.THEORY Shock Absorber
A shock absorber in common parlance (or damper in technical use) is a mechanical device designed to smooth out or dampen a sudden shock impulse and dissipate kinetic energy. In hydraulic cylinders.
* Dry friction as used in wheel brakes. Although now considered obsolete. Hysteresis is the tendency for otherwise elastic materials to rebound with less force than was required to deform them. or twisting of torsion bars. with friction forced by springs. they tend to back to it's normal uncompressed state as the pression of fingers is relieved) of structural material. stretching of rubber bands and cords. up through some British cars of the 1940s. to some extent. Used in early automobiles such as the Ford Model T. the degree of damping can be easily adjusted by tightening or loosening the screw clamping the disks.
. A disadvantage is that the damping force tends not to increase with the speed of the vertical motion. if you press down rubber disks.Types of shock absorbers
There are several commonly-used approaches to shock absorption:
* Hysteresis (hysteresis is like a "memory" of the material. by using disks (classically made of leather) at the pivot of a lever. Simple vehicles with no separate shock absorbers are damped. bending of steel springs. for example the compression of rubber disks. by the hysteresis of their springs and frames. and it can be easily rebuilt with simple hand tools. an advantage of this system is its mechanical simplicity.
controlling "jounce". . a series of valves controlled by springs can change the degree of stiffness according to the velocity of the impact or rebound. An advantage of this type is that using special internal valving the absorber may be made relatively soft to compression (allowing a soft response to a bump) and relatively stiff to extension. using one or more tapered. Foaming temporarily reduces the damping ability of the unit.
* Fluid friction. typically made of metals such as nitinol. tapered chain shock absorbers. to reduce the tendency for the oil to foam under heavy use. thereby maintaining a desirable rearward weight distribution for enhanced traction. In more expensive vehicles the valves may be remotely adjustable. constitute the vast majority of automotive shock absorbers. giving both a smooth ride and a firm suspension when needed. then strongly resist letting it settle. offering the driver control of the ride at will while the vehicle is operated. for example the flow of fluid through a narrow orifice (hydraulics). there may even be a secondary cylinder connected to the shock absorber to act as a reservoir for the
. which is the vehicle response to energy stored in the springs. Some shock absorbers allow tuning of the ride via control of the valve by a manual adjustment provided at the shock absorber. Specialized shock absorbers for racing purposes may allow the front end of a dragster to rise with minimal resistance under acceleration. similarly.* Solid state. In very heavy duty units used for racing and/or off-road use. Many shock absorbers contain compressed nitrogen. in a casing. The ultimate control is provided by dynamic valve control via computer in response to sensors. axial alignment(s) of granular spheres.
oil and pressurized gas. II.
This shock consist of following part:
y Two Electro magnet I. Another variation is the Magneto rheological damper which changes its fluid characteristics through an electromagnet. Fixed north to south field Reversible polarity type
y Sensor y Solenoid coil induction system y Spring action to remove motion y Infrared transmitter and receiver
y Working Fluid y Shocker rod y Rack and pinion gear assembly y DC Motor y Wheel y Floating piston
A MODIFIED DESIGN IS SHOWN FOR THE SHOCKER MOTION PROVIDED BY RACK AND PINNION GEAR ASSEMBLY PROVIDED BY MOTOR POWER.
IN THE ABOVE STRUCTURE. THE ABOVE DESIGN IS VERY IMPRACTICAL IN THIS WAY AND FURTHER MODIFICATIONS ARE REQUIRED FOR ACTUAL IMPLEMENTATION IN VEHICLE. THE SENSOR ACTIVATE THE RELAY DRIVE AND THIS ELECTRO-MEGNETIC SWITCH ACTIVATE THE MOTOR IN CLOCK AND ANTICLOCK MOTION. THE MOTOR WILL OPERATE CLOCL AND ANTICLOCK AS PER CIRCUIT DRIVER GIVING THE COMMAND TO OPERATE. AS THE IR SENSOR SENSE THE POTH HOLES OR BUMPS ON THE ROAD.
and railway rolling stock. the present invention relates to an improved damping system for the suspension of any vehicle having both a sprung weight supporting section. and an unsprung surface contacting portion. More particularly . trucks.
The present invention relates to a suspension and shock Absorbing means for automotive vehicle. The prior art has seen various generalized attempts involving the utilization of magnet and electromagnet of order to serve the purpose of suspension and shock absorbtion with mechanical system. inclusive of cars.such as the axel of an auto. such as the frame of an auto mobile .
. Large shock absorbers have also been used in structural engineering to reduce the susceptibility of structures to earthquake damage and resonance. aircraft landing gear. and the supports for many industrial machines.Applications
Shock absorbers are an important part of automobile and motorcycle suspensions.
Rear shock absorber and spring of a BMW R75/5 motorcycle.
Applied to a structure such as a building or bridge it may be part of a seismic retrofit or as part of new. damp the motion of the unsprung weight up and down on the springiness of the tire. which can cause excessive motion and eventual structural failure. In this application it allows yet restrains motion and absorbs resonant energy. "shock absorber" is reserved specifically for the hydraulic piston that absorbs and dissipates vibration.Vehicles suspension
In a vehicle. effective wheel bounce damping may require stiffer shocks than would be ideal for the vehicle motion alone. They also. Spring-based shock absorbers commonly use coil springs or leaf springs. In this combination. as energy is stored in the spring and then released to the vehicle. Shock absorbers allow the use of soft (lower rate) springs while controlling the rate of suspension movement in response to bumps. Ideal springs alone. leading to improved ride quality. Control of excessive suspension movement without shock absorption requires stiffer (higher rate) springs. are not shock absorbers as springs only store and do not dissipate or absorb energy. Since the tire is not as soft as the springs. however. Vehicles typically employ both springs or torsion bars as well as hydraulic shock absorbers. possibly exceeding the allowed range of suspension movement.
. which would in turn give a harsh ride. earthquake resistant construction. it reduces the effect of traveling over rough ground. the vehicle would have a bouncing ride. along with hysteresis in the tire itself. though torsion bars can be used in torsional shocks as well. Without shock absorbers.