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Chicago Manual Of Style as outlined in Mark A. Radice’s Writing About Music (3rd Edition)
History of the Leilehua High School Band Program (1963-2003) Brad Walker Introduction Leilehua High School is located in the town of Wahiawa, Hawaii on 1515 California Avenue. It has served the Central Oahu Community since its founding in 1924. In 1949, the U.S. Army’s Schofield Barracks School combined with Leilehua High School and built its facility on its present thirty-two acre site. Today it supports a diverse student population of 1,800 students.1 This research traces the three band directors who have spanned this time frame and their relationship to each other. It offers a glimpse of their philosophies of music education with respect to instrumental music instruction. It also outlines how they organized their programs in terms of the ensembles they used and the methodologies of instruction. There is also a brief mention of the facilities and band parent organizations that have supported the Leilehua High School Band Program. Mr. James Uyeda In 1948-1952, Mr. James Uyeda was a band student in Baldwin High School on the Island of Maui. It was here that he and his classmate, Mr. Lloyd Inaba (one year senior to Uyeda) met and formed a lifelong friendship. In researching the concert programs in the band’s historical archives, Mr. Inaba was the band director at Leilehua High School as early as the 1956-57 school year. Mr. James Uyeda was teaching at Stevenson Intermediate School in Honolulu, Hawaii during the 1962-63 school year and was asked by his friend Mr. Inaba, if he would like to assume the position of the Wahiawa Intermediate School Band Director position.
Mr. Uyeda accepted the post but upon arrival to Wahiawa for the school year, found that things had changed. Upon Mr. Inaba’s request, the positions of the intermediate and high school positions had switched. Mr. Uyeda was named to be the new band director for Leilehua High School’s 1963-64 school year.2 He held this position until 1973.3 Some background information about Mr. Uyeda is found in many of the Leilehua High School Band’s concert programs as he has returned for numerous concerts as a guest conductor. He graduated from Baldwin High School (Maui), in 1952 and received his Bachelor of Music Education Degree from Lawrence University’s Conservatory of Music at Appleton, Wisconsin in 1956. He then taught at a Wisconsin Public School for one year. From 1957 through 1960, Mr. Uyeda served in the U.S. Air Force as a navigator-electronics warfare officer. Upon his return from the service, he taught at Maui High School for two years, them came to Oahu where he taught at Stevenson Intermediate School.4 When Mr. Uyeda began teaching in the 1963-64 school year, he had to incorporate over thirty beginning band ninth graders into his high school band. Therefore, about three-fourths of his band were beginners at the start of the year. Since most of his students could not afford private instruction, Mr. Uyeda provided that instruction to them at all hours of the day and night. Mr. Uyeda normally came into work at 5:30 AM and found students waiting for him upon his arrival. Students would practice at the bandroom for hours each day. He would them stay until well into the evening working with the students on a daily basis.5 The year was highlighted by an appearance at the western regional convention of the Midwest Band Convention where Ken Snapp from Baldwin Wallace University deemed Leilehua
High School Band as the most outstanding band. This was despite the fact that three quarters of their band were beginners.6 During each of the school years of Mr. Uyeda’s tenure, the band performed four major concerts in addition to playing a Christmas Concert, bi-monthly student recitals, and the Wahiawa Veterans’ Day Parade. The four major concerts were the Fall Pops Concert, Winter Concert, Spring Concert, and a student led (seniors) Commencement Concert. For athletic events such as football, the band provided pop music for entertainment in the stands but did not function as a halftime marching band. This was a “utilitarian” use of the students and not music education as a fine arts study according to the educational philosophy espoused by Mr. Uyeda. He also objected to using the band as a full-time marching band in the fall because the school would not grant P.E. credit for it. Mr. Uyeda concentrated on concert band and solo/ensemble work. He emphasized the use of the “instrument bibles” such as The Arban’s Method for Trumpet and Klose’s Etudes for Clarinet. The major concerts were a Fall, Winter, Spring, and commencement concert with the commencement concert as a student led program. They did not consider the Christmas Concert as one of their major engagements. As a result, the band read a great deal of concert band literature. Two vignettes were offered as a testament to Mr. Uyeda’s commitment to the band’s sightreading abilities during his tenure. Very often, when the students would play for a PTA meeting or some other local function, Mr. Uyeda would pass out a grade four piece of music to the students to sightread for performance. The students would then look at the music while the meeting was going on and
play it for the unwitting audience when the band was introduced. The resulting performance was a positive one that most people could not tell the music was being read for the first time. An un-named 1967 graduate of Leilehua High School kept track of the number of concert pieces that they had performed from 1964-67. The total numbered 420 during that student’s four year at Leilehua. Another student named Lester Tanji (who now teaches at Wheeler Intermediate School), was asked by Mr. Uyeda to play “Rhapsody In Blue” as the solo clarinetist. When Mr. Uyeda gave Tanji the music, Uyeda told him to go practice and work out the part before the first rehearsal. Tanji replied that he didn’t need to, he could sightread it. According to Mr. Uyeda, he did just that with no problems.7 In the Uyeda years, the band was recognized as one of the better bands on the island. This was evidenced by the fact that the Leilehua High School Band was one of the participating schools in the “Hawaii Music Curriculum Program” around 1968-70. (This was referred to as the “Hawaii Music Project” in an interview with Mr. Uyeda.) The band also regularly placed over twenty musicians in the Annual Oahu Band Directors’ Select Band.8 In the late sixties and early seventies, Mr. Uyeda’s bands numbered a total of over 300 students. The ninth grade band would have well over 100 students, the concert band would have over 100, and the wind ensemble would number from sixty to eighty musicians. Night time classes also took place where Mr. Uyeda would teach theory and form analysis to the students. He stressed the importance of music form to his students daily.9 A new band facility was designed and built during this time with a great deal of input from Mr. Uyeda. The existing facility was in reality a large classroom that was not built specifically to be a bandroom. The plans called for a video and sound recording production
studio on the second floor of the building and would overlook the choir and band rehearsal halls below. There would also be a concert hall in the basement beneath the entire complex. Freight elevators would be installed to ferry equipment from the rehearsal halls to the stage. Unfortunately these forward thinking plans were made in the mid-sixties. Consequently, they were nixed because they did not conform to the state specifications of the times. While the building was completed in 1968, the concerts continue to be performed in the school gym to this day because a concert hall was never built.10 The only concert programs found in the band’s historical archives with the Leilehua High School Band under the direction of Mr. Uyeda, was the Fall Pops Concert on November 18, 1972 and the Ninth Grade Band’s 4th Annual Spring Concert held on March 17, 1973. The fall pops program featured such works as: American Folk Rhapsody, Elsa’s Procession to the Cathedral, Variations on a Korean Folk Song, and, El Capitan March.11 The selections included: Two Moods Overture, Brahm’s Third Movement from Symphony No. 4, Processional March from “Der Meistersinger”, Spirit of ’76, and Selections from “Hair”.12 While this was probably not his last performance as director of the Leilehua High School Band, it is the last documented concert found in the band archives. With the end of the 1972-73 school year came two significant events that changed the face of the Leilehua High School Band landscape forever. The first was the opening of Mililani High School.13 Until the opening of Mililani High School, all students in the Mililani, Wahiawa, and Schofield Barracks were assigned to Leilehua High School. The bands would never again total to be well over three hundred students. This opening effectively cut in half the number of band students. The second event was the Mr. Uyeda’s decision to leave Leilehua High School.
Mr. Wilfred Sato The tenure of Mr. Uyeda ended at Leilehua High School when he accepted a fulltime position at Leeward Community College in 1973. It was at this time that one of his former Leilehua High School students had just graduated from college and was looking for a band directing position. Mr. Uyeda was already teaching part-time at Leeward Community College and wanted to teach fulltime there. He recommended his former student as his replacement to the Leilehua Principal. The recommendation was accepted and Mr. Wilfred Sato was named as the new Leilehua High School Band Director for the school year 1973-74.14 Mr. Sato was a protégé of Mr. Uyeda and understood the music educational philosophies of his mentor. As a result, the program did not change much during his tenure as band director. The band continued to concentrate on the concert band and the solo/ensemble idioms. The use of the band for athletic functions and parades continued in the same limited way as the Uyeda years. Mr. Sato was a Euphonium player and Uyeda was a clarinetist by trade. In comparison of the two men it was noted: “He was a physically large man and was more strict than I was. The bands had more power but a little less finesse,” said Mr. Uyeda in a recent interview.15 In looking at Mr. Sato’s first concert program, one can see he started with a “bang.” The “Fall Pops” program selections included: Procession Of The Nobles, Sea Songs, Lassus Trombones, Death And Transfiguration, Second Suite For Military Band in F Major, Pictures At An Exhibition (part 3), and Selections from “Shaft.” 16 A winter program in March of 1974 which was dedicated to small ensembles included: Fanfare for the Common Man (for brass choir and percussion), Bugler’s Holiday (for trombone trio), and for the full wind ensemble a performance of West Side Story.17 The spring concert included Festivo and Symphonic Overture 7
for the Advanced Band (sophomores); and Shostakovich’s Folk Festival, and Tchaikovsksy’s 1812 Overture for the Senior Band (upper classmen). 1812 Overture was guest conducted by James Uyeda.18 A commencement concert was also performed on May 18, 1974 but there is no indication from the program that this was student led as was the custom with Mr. Uyeda. The 1974-75 school year was punctuated with only two concerts according to the programs found in the band’s historical archives. One of these programs indicate that there was only one band in place at the time of performance. There is no reference to a “senior band” or “advanced band.” The listing of personnel shows that students ranged in classification from freshman through senior. The Christmas and Spring Concerts were the only two major performances for the year. The Christmas Concert Program did not list any selections that were indicative of anything greater than grade three music (i.e. Sleigh Ride). The spring concert of 1975 listed more difficult literature. Among the selection included, Il Re Pastore Overture, Stonehenge Symphony, Two Symphonic Movements, Three Ayers from Gloucester, and Cheerio.19 The ensuing years between 1975-1980 saw the re-establishment of the two band concept and the reappearance of the winter concert. There are some years during this time frame where there is not a record of a Christmas Concert but always a record of the winter and spring concerts taking place. This omission may be in keeping with the original intent of Mr. Uyeda to not count the Christmas Concert as a major engagement for the band. Mr. Sato invited his mentor as a guest conductor. For many of these concerts,
By this time, Mr. Uyeda was a widely
recognized clinician and director in the state but always took time for the Leilehua High School Band Program.20 Mr. Keith Fukumoto
Mr. Sato continued as the band director until 1980 when he requested a sabbatical leave of absence to pursue his master’s degree in music education at the University of Northern Colorado. A replacement was recommended by Mr. Uyeda to the administration to fill-in for Mr. Sato during the 1980-81 school year. The replacement was a Farrington High School Graduate, a 1980 graduate of Western Washington State University, and also a former student of Mr. Uyeda at Leeward Community College prior to this student’s enrollment at Western Washington State.21 Mr. Uyeda and Mr. Sato recommended this replacement to the Leilehua High School Principal Mr. Iha. So for one year only, Mr. Keith Fukumoto was to be the next Leilehua High School Band Director.22 This one year position has turned into twenty-three years and still counting. Mr. Keith Fukumoto is still the director of the Leilehua High School Band through the school year 2002-03. Mr. Fukumoto was hired to man the position temporarily vacated by Mr. Sato in what is known as a “vicing” position that did not count toward the computation of tenure. There was a good idea at the time that this job would soon become permanent since all three men (Mr. Sato included) involved in this turn of events knew that Mr. Sato would probably stay at Northern Colorado University to pursue his doctorate and not return to Leilehua High School. This proved to be true because Mr. Sato was able to complete his master’s degree in only one year and continued his studies for his doctorate.23 For the school year 1981-82, Mr. Sato convinced the principal to keep Mr. Fukumoto for one more year. For the next three years, which counted toward tenure, Leilehua Principal James Iha was instrumental in keeping Fukumoto as the band director.24
As the new band director, Keith Fukumoto put his energies into the program much the same way as Mr. Sato before him had done. The same philosophy of music education was already held by Mr. Fukumoto as had his predecessors. There was a commitment to the concert band and solo/ensemble idioms with the same concert formats as Mr. Sato. The records indicate an annual participation in the parade of bands and an addition of participation in the Honolulu Starlight Parade to kick off the Christmas season in Honolulu. The band still played pep band style music at athletic events but did not field a marching halftime show band. This was because Mr. Fukumoto held the same philosophical view of his predecessors with respect to the “utilitarian” use of music education students.25 The difficulty of the literature seemed to be gravitate toward lesser grade concert pieces during Mr. Fukumoto’s years at Leilehua. Take for example the “Fall Pops Concert” held on November 22, 1980. This was Mr. Fukumoto’s first concert as the band director. The concert program included: Il Re Pastore, An Irish Rhapsody, Holst’s Second Suite (March and Song Without Words), Colorama, Serenata, and Profiles in Courage. As one can see these are not difficult titles but appropriate for a beginning band director.26 The Spring Concert sported more difficult literature. The repertoire included: Toccata, Italian in Algiers, A Jazz Suite (R. Mersey), and American Civil War Fantasy.27 This indicated a slight upgrade of the difficulty of music though the total of the music never did increase to level of the first concert directed my Mr. Sato. Take for example the 1983 Spring Concert. The most difficult of the pieces performed on the concert were: Chant and Jublio, Washington Post March, Mannin Veen, and Broadway Spectacular.28 All of these tunes hover around the grade three level. The Spring Concert of 1986 displayed a greater degree of difficulty with selection that
included: Ye Banks and Braes O’ Bonnie Doon (James Uyeda – guest conductor), Commando March, Marche Des Parachutistes Belges, performed by the Senior Symphonic Band.(top group). The “Advanced Band” (second group) performance included Kaddish, American Folk Rhapsody, and Washington Post March.29 The eighties were marked with appearances in the Oahu Band Directors Parade of Band that showcased more serious and difficult literature through the years. In 1983, the band performed Adagio for Winds and Drammatico. The 1984 performance selections were Incantation and Dance and Procession of the Nobles. In 1985 the band played Rienzi Overture and Canzona while the 1986 and 1987 performances were highlighted by Variations on a Korean Folk Song and First Military Suite in E flat respectively.30 When compared to the later years appearances, the music seems to be on the same grade three to four level but never seems to rise above that level. Take for example the 1997 and 1999 performances at the same “Parade of Bands” Festival. The indicates the performance of Kaddish and Cheerio March. The 1999 festival selections were Jubiloso and Sakrava. The 2000 version of the festival saw Leilehua perform Salvation Is Created and Stars and Bars. The band performed Drammatico and Serenta in 2001.31 There were also years off and on when stage bands would be formed to perform at spring concerts but this was not consistent from year to year. When these stage bands were formed, they were extra-curricular with the understanding that all the students would attend all the rehearsals. With that in mind, the students scheduled all the rehearsal dates and times. The director served as the instructor and facilitator. 32
In 1983 tragedy was brought home to the Leilehua High School Band Family when news was received that Mr. Wilfred Sato passed away in July of an apparent heart attack. He was very close to finishing his doctorate at the time of his death. The fall pops concert of 1983 was dedicated to his memory. Although no specific tunes were listed in the program to honor Mr. Sato, the entire concert evening was in honor of him.33 During Mr. Fukumoto’s tenure, the band has band traveled to California, Florida, British Columbia, Washington D.C., and New York City. Although the bands of Mr. Uyeda had traveled to the west coast before, these were the first treks to the east coast of the mainland. Mainland trips to this day are a once every four years event. Mr. Fukumoto wanted to let the students who have never been off the island(s) experience other cultures and climates. He has always thought these experiences were important lessons to learn.34 The 1999, the Leilehua High School Band Booster Association (LHSBBA) was first officially constituted as a legal entity.35 The LHSBBA incorporated as a non-profit organization and continued the work that they had done in the past. But in 1999, they registered with Hawaii Director of Commerce and Consumer Affairs, drew up by-laws, and elected officers. The first president appeared on the Fall Pops Concert Program dated September 22, 1999. The 1999 LHSBBA President was Scott McLane who was a soldier at the nearby Schofield Barracks Army Installation.36 Mr. Gaylord Kihara served as the Vice-President that year.37 The LHSBBA served in varieties of capacities to include escorting the students to off-campus football games, serving as chaperones for off-island trips, manning concession booths to raise money, and providing manpower for a wide range of fund raising activities. Some of these fundraisers
included huli-huli chicken sales, seat cushion sales, car washes, and gift wrapping at Waikele Shopping Center at Christmastime. Later presidents of LHSBBA were Mr. Raymond Chang (2000-01),38 Mr. Brad Walker (2001-02),39 and Mrs. Maria Grimsley (2002-03)40. One of the highlights of the LHSBBA has been its scholarship program. The association took applications from graduating seniors and granted small scholarships to band students who upon registration at a higher education institution, receive the allocated funds. The scholarship committee is made up of LHSBBA members who do not have a graduation senior so that the process can be fair and impartial. All proceedings of the scholarship committee remain secret. The recipients were announced at the annual band banquet.41 In May of 2002, the Leilehua High School Band went on another trip to Southern California and participated the music festival at Disneyland. They also visited Universal Studios Theme Park and were introduced to making music for movie soundtracks.42 The Leilehua Band Program continues much in the same way as Mr. James Uyeda had set up the program forty years ago. The concentration on concert literature and support of athletic and community events with minimal extra rehearsal time are the foundations by which the program is based. The community continues to support the organization through donations and participation in the Leilehua Band Booster Association. The band enjoys the support of the administration and community leaders.43 Block scheduling is a major hurdle that the band has overcome. The impact that it had on the band was that Mr. Fukumoto was not able to rehearse his bands on a daily basis. In the words of Fukumoto in a recent interview, “I just adapt to it. No matter what, there will always
be schedule conflicts in the students’ schedules.” There are weeks where the band might only have the opportunity to rehearse once during the week due to holidays such as four day weekends. There are no known plans to build a performance facility in the future, but one is needed to get the concerts out of the gym. Overall, the band program thrives and enjoys enrollment of around 200 students per year. The Leilehua High School Band Program has had a long history of service to its school, community, and most of all its students. It has provided the students with a positive musical experience that has fostered a good music education. With Mr. Fukumoto as the director and the great support of the community, the future for the Leilehua High School Band Program will continue to provide a balanced music education to Wahiawa and Schofield Barracks teens for years to come.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Student Handbook of Leilehua High School, (Wahiawa: LHS, 2002), p. 4. Interview with James Uyeda, June 26, 2003. 19th Annual Spring Concert Program, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, April 6, 1974). ibid. Interview with James Uyeda, June 26, 2003. ibid. ibid ibid ibid ibid Fall Pops Concert Program, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, November 18, 1972). 4th Annual Ninth Grade Spring Concert Program, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, March 17, 1973). Scott Ishikawa, Honolulu Advertiser [Web site], “Enrollment Feeds well-rounded programs on big campus” (8 November 2001), Site address: http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/2001/Nov/08/ln/ln17a.html Interview with James Uyeda, June 26, 2003. ibid Fall Pops Concert Program, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, December 1, 1973). Winter Concert Program, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, March 2, 1974). 19th Annual Spring Concert Program, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, April 6, 1974). Spring Concert Program, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, May 17, 1975) Winter Concert Program, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, February 26, 1977) Winter Concert Program, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, February 26, 1977) Interview with Keith Fukumoto, June 5, 2003. Fall Pops Concert, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, November 12, 1983). Interview with Keith Fukumoto, June 26, 2003. ibid Fall Pops Concert, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, November, 22, 1980). 26th Annual Spring Concert. (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, April 11, 1981). 28th Annual Spring Concert. (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, May 14, 1983). 31st Annual Spring Concert. (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, April 25, 1986).
14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30 31 32 33 34 35
Oahu District Band Festival Program. (Central District Committee, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987). Oahu District Band Festival Program. (Central District Committee, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001). Interview with Keith Fukumoto, June 26, 2003 Fall Pops Concert, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, November 12, 1983). Interview with Keith Fukumoto, June 5, 2003.
Leilehua High School Band Boosters Association DCCA Registration [Web site], (11 November 2002), Site address: http://www.ehawaiigov.org/dcca/bizsearch/exe/bizsearch.cgi? &file_no=114703&file_suffix=D2&type=MSTR&master_name=LEILEHUA%20HIGH%20SCHOOL%20BAND %20BOOSTER%20ASSOCIATION %20(LHSBBA)&status=A&from=PAGE2&action=SHOWDETAILS&certificate_no=
36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 43
Fall Pops Concert, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, September 10, 1999). Spring Pops Concert, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, May 5, 2000). Fall Pops Concert, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, September, 22, 2000). Fall Pops Concert, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, September, 19, 2001). Spring and Aloha Concert, (Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, May 4, 2003). Interview with Keith Fukumoto, June 5, 2003. ibid Interview with Keith Fukumoto, June 26, 2003. ibid
Bibliography Leilehua Student Handbook. Wahiawa, Hawaii: Leilehua High School, 2002. Interview with James Uyeda. June 26, 2003. 19th Annual Spring Concert Program. Wahiawa, Hawaii: LHS Music Department, April 6, 1974. Fall Pops Concert Program. Wahiawa, Hawaii: LHS Music Department, November 18, 1972. 4th Annual Ninth Grade Spring Concert Program. Wahiawa, Hawaii: LHS Music Department, March 17, 1973. Scott Ishikawa. Honolulu Advertiser. [Web site] “Enrollment Feeds well-rounded programs on big campus.” (8 November 2001), Site address:
Fall Pops Concert Program. Wahiawa, Hawaii: LHS Music Department, December 1, 1973. Winter Concert Program. Wahiawa, Hawaii: LHS Music Department, March 2, 1974. Spring Concert Program. Wahiawa, Hawaii: LHS Music Department, May 17, 1975. Winter Concert Program. Wahiawa, Hawaii: LHS Music Department, February 26, 1977. Interview with Keith Fukumoto. June 5, 2003. Fall Pops Concert. Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, November 12, 1983. Fall Pops Concert. Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, November, 22, 1980. 28th Annual Spring Concert. Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, May 14, 1983. 31st Annual Spring Concert. Wahiawa: LHS Music Department, April 25, 1986. Oahu District Band Festival Program. Central District Committee: 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, and 1987. Oahu District Band Festival Program. Central District Committee: 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001. Interview with Keith Fukumoto, June 5, 2003. Interview with Keith Fukumoto, June 26, 2003. Leilehua High School Band Boosters Association DCCA Registration. [Web site], (11 November 2002), Site address: http://www.ehawaiigov.org/dcca/bizsearch/exe/
bizsearch.cgi?&file_no=114703&file_suffix=D2&type=MSTR&master_name=LEILEHUA%20HIGH %20SCHOOL%20BAND%20BOOSTER%20ASSOCIATION %20(LHSBBA)&status=A&from=PAGE2&action=SHOWDETAILS&certificate_no=
Fall Pops Concert. Wahiawa, Hawaii: LHS Music Department, September 10, 1999. Spring Pops Concert. Wahiawa, Hawaii: LHS Music Department, May 5, 2000. Fall Pops Concert. Wahiawa, Hawaii: LHS Music Department, September, 22, 2000. Fall Pops Concert. Wahiawa, Hawaii: LHS Music Department, September, 19, 2001. Spring and Aloha Concert. Wahiawa, Hawaii: LHS Music Department, May 4, 2003.
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