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Please note: this quiz is not for a grade! It’s just a way to practice the kinds of questions that will appear on the midterm. I) Fundamentals Please define two of the following musical texture terms: monophony – a single line or melody; unison polyphony – multiple lines, parts, or melodies (i.e., different pitches) happening at different times homophony – multiple pitches happening at the same time heterophony – a generally unified line or melody with variations in pitch or time 1. ___________________________________________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________________________________ 3. What is a genre of African-American music we have studied in which you would likely find heterophony? ring shout _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4. What performance conditions might contribute to the prevalence of heterophony in this kind of music? everyone participates regardless of training; energetic and repetitive; function of music requires less emphasis on a perfectly unified sound; not always allowed to perform or practice the tradition _____________________________________________________________________________________ 5. Please fill in the missing chord symbols [in Roman numerals] for the 12-bar blues progression. Then, using the brackets, label the phrase structure the text accompanying this progression would follow. [A] _____I____ ____IV______ _____I_____ ____I_____ ____I____ ____I_____ ____I____
[A] _____IV_____ ____IV____
[B] ______V____ _____V or IV_____
How did this artist/group do so? [A brief statement is fine. Choose one of the periods you have identified above.] examples: International Sweethearts of Rhythm. guitar. male vocal duet. Dixieland—1910s – 1930s 9. Please identify the period from which each one is taken. Dixieland: collective improvisation/polyphonic/smaller ensemble [around seven instruments] Swing: big band/ ‘choirs’ of voices/saxophone takes over from the clarinet Bebop: small combos/faster tempos/ornate & virtuosic solos/expansion of rhythm section/complex harmony 10. 6. Swing—1930s – 1950s 7. Bebop ––1940s – 1960s 8. Is this a ballad or a corrido? How do you know? Please name two musical features you hear in this listening excerpt that support your answer. Duke Ellington. corrido—Spanish language. Josephine Baker _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Example Two: 11.II) Listening Example One: You will hear three examples from the same musical tradition. though they are taken from different stylistic periods. and name two important musical features that define its style. What is the genre of this excerpt? Who composed this piece? parlor song – Stephen Foster _____________________________________________________________________________________ . Name one artist or group that we studied in lecture who complicated simple racial divides prevalent in the early years of this genre. then state the approximate years that style was prevalent. rhyme and syllable scheme in the verse Example Three: 12.
the main/strong beats in the measure 16. male vocal harmonies. naming two technological media that aided its dissemination. not primarily directed at African-American consumers. showy arrangements. _____________________________________________________________________________________ yes it is! acoustic strings instruments. syncopation – when a note lands off. no dancing. What is minstrelsy and how is this genre related to it? minstrelsy—theatrical & musical tradition of 19th and 20th centuries. improvisational breaks _____________________________________________________________________________________ . fast tempos. so not a genre in the category of “race records”) Example Six: 17. _____________________________________________________________________________________ ragtime made successful through piano rolls.13. sheet music. high& tense vocal style. or between. recordings. music boxes first mass produced music to come out of Af-Am culture (ragtime was written for sheet music by both African-American and white composers. and instrumental virtuosity. Where might this song have been performed? What are two of the social conventions/etiquette that were observed during a song such as this one? at a powwow—removing hats. What is a defining feature of the rhythm found in this musical tradition? Please provide the term as well as a definition. like those in nostalgic songs by Foster and others that use a “Zip Coon”-like character many minstrel performers sang Stephen Foster’s songs Example Four: 14. Please describe the importance of technology to this tradition. performers (often in blackface) provided stereotypical representations of African-Americans. Is the example you hear bluegrass? Why or why not? Please list three musical features of bluegrass you hear in this excerpt that distinguish it from other styles of country music we have listened to. everyone stands Example Five: _____________________________________________________________________________________ 15.
What were these meetings called and why were they important to the development of a particular kind of musical literacy? Singing schools – they taught young people to read music.. unison chorus songs. Although most singers use a drum to set the beat and cue the dancers. lonesome sound” _____________________________________________________________________________________ III) Readings 19. Vocal music includes solo pieces. rattles and sometimes whistles are also common.’ 22. ho. Listen to the top voice. ‘In ___________ music. ya. such as kissing and squeezing. we. The distinctive vocal style you hear in this excerpt has a particular name we learned in class. Name one piece from your listening homework in which we heard this vocal style. instead of just “lining out” _____________________________________________________________________________________ 23. and so on’ to this tradition’s vocal style. What musical tradition is the author discussing in this passage [and the article as a whole]? the blank: “American Indian” music _____________________________________________________________________________________ 20. etc. some with rattle and/or drum accompaniment.18. The ‘meeting’ the author of this passage is referring to was an important part of a musical tradition we have studied. the voice is the most important instrument. What is it? a “high. for I am almost sick of the world and were it not for the hopes of going to the singing meeting tonight and indulging myself a little in the carnal delights of the flesh. Name the musical tradition the article that this passage is taken from examines.’ This quote is taken from one of your readings for this course. I should leave it now. The author goes on to discuss the importance of ‘nontranslatable syllables. either standard European notation or the simplified shape-note style. such as he. responsorial songs in which the leader and chorus take turns. and multipart songs. Sioux Flag Song _____________________________________________________________________________________ ‘At present I have no inclination for anything. What is the term scholars use to describe this kind of singing? vocables 21. .
How did it get its name? shape note singing .because the different shapes of the note heads aid singers in reading .
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