2011 Friends’ Calendar

TRACT ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS 1501 Cherry Street Philadelphia, PA 19102-1403
www.tractassociation.org

In the light I have experience of the new creation in Christ Jesus, even the passing away of the old things, and the new things coming instead thereof. The old heart gone, the hard heart gone, and a new and tender one instead thereof. The old law of sin and death taken out of the way, and the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus received in the place thereof. And the fear of the new covenant put into the new heart (in which is the beginning and perfection of the heavenly wisdom), and the Spirit of God put within, to enlighten, enliven, and fill the mind with life and righteousness, and cause it to walk with God in the new and living way, and to know his statutes and judgments, and do them. In the light the gospel-love is known and springs. In the darkness is enmity; but in the light is love. It is true indeed, that here the whole law is fulfilled, even of loving the Lord God with all the heart, soul, mind, and strength, and one's neighbour as one's self. Yea, here one is not only commanded to love enemies, but taught and enabled so to do. Yea, keep but here in the light, no enmity can spring up, but only love to the greatest enemies, whom we have no coals of wrath, but only of love to heap upon. Here I meet with, and partake of, a cool, meek, patient, tender, gentle, quiet, lowly spirit, which is of the Lord, and of much esteem with him. This is the Lamb's nature, who is light; and this also is their nature who are of the Lamb, and walk in the light of the Lamb... Isaac Penington, 1679

Quotations for the 2011 Friends’ Calendar are taken from Scripture (King James Version) unless otherwise indicated and from the writings of Friends (Quakers) or those writings Friends might do well to consider. We hope these citations will lead to further reflection and study, with consideration of spiritual and historic context.
Moon phases are from Fred Espenak, Phases of the Moon: 2001-2100. Greenbelt, MD: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center; http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/phase/phasecat.html. Dates are adjusted for Eastern Standard Time from Greenwich Mean Time.
Cover: Isaac Penington. Some Experiences, Which it hath pleased the Lord to give me, concerning his Way, his Truth, his Church and People, Against whom the Gates of Hell cannot prevail. 31st, 5th mo, 1679. In Works, v. 4, p. 535-536; Digital Quaker Collection. First Month: William Briggins 1688 from Piety Promoted in a collection of dying sayings of many of the people called Quakers… William Evans and Thomas Evans, eds. Philadelphia PA: Friends Book Store 1854; vol. 2, page 22. (www.archive.org/stream/pietypromotedinc02evan; digitized from University of Pittsburgh Library System) Second Month: William Penn 1726. Some Fruits of Solitude. Richmond IN: Friends United Press, 1978; p. 70. Margaret Fell A Call unto the Seed of Israel, that they may come out of Egypts Darkness, and House of Bondage, unto the Land of Rest. By M. F. London, Printed for Robert Wilson. no date given, p. 9-12. Digital Quaker Collection. Third Month: Selections from the letters of the Sarah Grubb. London: Simpkin, Marshall and Co. and C. Gilpin 1848; p. 281. Digital Quaker Collection. Stephen Crisp. Pure and Spiritual Worship: a sermon preached at Devonshire-House, November 12, 1690. Philadelphia: Crukshank 1773. Digital Quaker Collection. Fourth Month: Yearly Meeting of Women at York, 1688. In Hidden in Plain Sight: Quaker Women’s Writings. Wallingford PA: Pendle Hill Publications 1996; p. 530. Fifth Month: Samuel Bownas 1750. A Description of the Qualifications Necessary to a Gospel Minister… Philadelphia PA: William D. Parrish & Co. 1847. p. 98. Digital Quaker Collection. Sixth Month: Sondra Ball 2009. Abundant Life in Autumn leaves http://www.sondra.net/al/vol13/1312AbundantLife.htm . Seventh Month: George Fox 1666. An Epistle to be read in all the Assemblies of the Righteous; #245 in The Power of the Lord Is Over All: The Pastoral Letters of George Fox. T. Canby Jones, editor. Richmond IN: Friends United Press 1990; p. 209. Eighth Month: Caroline Stephen 1908. Light Arising. Cambridge: W. Heffer and Sons; pp. 68-69. Cited in Christian Faith and Practice in the experience of the Society of Friends. London: London Yearly Meeting, 1960, #246. William Penn 1726. Some Fruits of Solitude. Richmond IN: Friends United Press, 1978; p. 66. Ninth Month: William Littleboy 1916. The appeal of Quakerism to the non-mystic. London: Friends Book Centre 1945 pp. 4-7. Cited in Christian Faith and Practice in the experience of the Society of Friends. London: London Yearly Meeting, 1960, # 82. Tenth Month: Elizabeth B. Emmott 1908. The Story of Quakerism. London: Friends Book Centre; p. 96. Cited in Christian Faith and Practice in the experience of the Society of Friends. London: London Yearly Meeting, 1960; #213. Eleventh Month: Thomas R. Kelly 1941. A Testament of Devotion. New York: Harper and Brothers; p. 29. Twelfth Month: Mary Penington 1624 –1682 Quotation from The Experiences in the Life of Mary Penington 1911, p. 44. Norman Penney, editor. Cited in Christian Faith and Practice in the experience of the Society of Friends, London: London Yearly Meeting, 1960, #29.

We thank Tom Etherington of the Bible Association of Friends in America, and Anita Weber for assistance in preparing the 2011 Friends Calendar, and Earlham School of Religion, which provides the Digital Quaker Collection (DQC). http://esr.earlham.edu/dqc/

2011 Friends’ Calendar First Month
TWELFTH MONTH
1 5 6 7 8 2 9 3 10 17 24 31 4 11 18 25 12 13 14 15 16 19 20 21 22 23 26 27 28 29 30

For which cause we faint not; but though our outward man perish, yet the inward man is renewed day by day. For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory; While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eternal. II Corinthians 4: 16-18
THIRD DAY FOURTH DAY FIFTH DAY

SECOND MONTH
1 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 8 15 22 2 9 16 23 3 10 17 24 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26

FIRST DAY

SECOND DAY

SIXTH DAY
MOON PHASES
New Moon First Qtr. Full Moon Last Qtr. 4 12 19 26

SEVENTH DAY

If at any time we should be in distress, either inward or outward, if our dependence and eye were to the Lord, and with an upright heart we patiently waited on him, he in his own due time will work deliverence . . . William Briggins, 1688

1 8 15 22

2 9 16
23 30

3 10 17
24 31

4 11 18 25

5 12 19 26

6 13 20 27

7 14 21

28 29

2011 Friends’ Calendar Second Month
FIRST MONTH
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may New Moon know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory Last Qtr. of his inheritance in the saints, And what is the exceeding greatness Full Moon of his power toward us who believe, according to the working of his First Qtr. mighty power. Ephesians 1: 17-19
THIRD DAY FOURTH DAY FIFTH DAY

THIRD MONTH
1 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 31 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26

FIRST DAY

SECOND DAY

SIXTH DAY

SEVENTH DAY

The truest end of life is to know the Life that never ends. William Penn, 1726

1 8 15 22
MOON PHASES
New Moon First Qtr. Full Moon Last Qtr. 2 11 18 24

2 9 16 23

3 10 17 24

4 11 18 25

5 12 19 26

6 13 20 27

7 14 21 28

Ye shall eternally witness to the truth: So all to the light of Jesus turn your minds, and walk in his light, that the eyes of your understandings may be enlightened, that you may know, what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the Saints is. Margaret Fell (1614 - 1702)

2011 Friends’ Calendar Third Month
SECOND MONTH
1 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 8 15 22 2 9 16 23 3 10 17 24 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26

Cursed is the one who trusts in man, who depends on flesh for his strength and whose heart turns away from the Lord. For he will be like a bush in the wastelands; he will not see prosperity when it comes. He will dwell in the parched places of the desert, in a salt land where no one lives. But blessed is the man who trusts in the Lord, whose confidence is in him. He will be like a tree planted by the water that sends out its roots by the stream. It does not fear when heat comes; its leaves are always green. It has no worries in a year of drought and never fails to bear fruit. Jeremiah 17: 5-8 (NIV)
THIRD DAY FOURTH DAY FIFTH DAY

FOURTH MONTH
1 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 9

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

FIRST DAY A man may have a rich jewel and be poor. Stephen Crisp, 1690

SECOND DAY
MOON PHASES
New Moon First Qtr. Full Moon Last Qtr. 4 12 19 26

SIXTH DAY

SEVENTH DAY

1 8 15 22
29

2 9 16 23
30

3 10 17 24 31

4 11 18 25

5 12 19 26

6 13 20 27

7 14 21
28

Although we cannot see the good of our crosses and exercises at the time, yet those who trust in the Lord find eventually that things come round to their real benefit. Sarah Grubb, 1833

2011 Friends’ Calendar Fourth Month
THIRD MONTH
1 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 31 4 5 11 12 18 19 25 26

It hath pleased him to break in among us in a glorious manner, to our great satisfaction, and he hath filled our meeting with his M heavenly living presence and crowned our assembly with his OON PHASESpower and opened the fountain of life unto us, and caused the streams of his love to flow freely among us and run from vessel to vessel, to the gladding of our hearts, which causeth living praise, and hearty thanksgiving to be rendered unto him, who alone is worthy. Yearly Meeting of Women at York, 1688
THIRD DAY FOURTH DAY FIFTH DAY
MOON PHASES
New Moon First Qtr. Full Moon Last Qtr. 3 11 17 24

FIFTH MONTH
1 8 2 3 4 5 6 7

9 10 11 12 13 14

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

FIRST DAY

SECOND DAY

SIXTH DAY

SEVENTH DAY

I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy: ... whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved. Joel 3: 28-29, 32 (also Acts 2: 17-18,21)

1 8 15 22 29

2 9 16 23 30

3 10 17 24

4 11 18 25

5 12 19 26

6 13 20 27

7 14 21 28

2011 Friends’ Calendar Fifth Month
FOURTH MONTH
1 3 4 5 6 7 14 21 28 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 10 11 12 13 17 18 19 20 24 25 26 27

Keep in an humble dependence, endeavouring to keep near the Lord, having him always before our eyes, that we may receive daily ability from him, and speak as we feel our minds moved by his divine spirit; and whether it be little or much that we have to say, be thankful that we are favoured with his presence and life in our ministry, not so much regarding what others may say or judge concerning us, as the peace and satisfaction that we inwardly enjoy by the word of life, that life which is the light of men. Samuel Bownas, 1750
THIRD DAY FOURTH DAY FIFTH DAY

SIXTH MONTH
1 5 6 7 8 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 4 11 18 25

12 13 14 15 19 20 21 22 26 27 28 29

FIRST DAY

SECOND DAY

SIXTH DAY

SEVENTH DAY

1 8 15 22 29

2 9 16 23 30

3 10 17 24 31

4 11 18 25
MOON PHASES
New Moon First Qtr. Full Moon Last Qtr. 3 10 17 24

5 12 19 26

6 13 20 27

7 14 21 28

But I am like a green olive tree in the house of God: I trust in the mercy of God for ever and ever. I will praise thee for ever, because thou hast done it: and I will wait on thy name; for it is good before thy saints. Psalm 52: 8-9

2011 Friends’ Calendar Sixth Month
FIFTH MONTH
1 8 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me. Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee drink? When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or naked, and clothed thee? Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee? And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me. Matthew 25: 35-40
THIRD DAY
MOON PHASES
New Moon First Qtr. Full Moon Last Qtr. 1 8 15 23

SEVENTH MONTH
1 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 9

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

FIRST DAY

SECOND DAY

FOURTH DAY

FIFTH DAY

SIXTH DAY

SEVENTH DAY

I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly. John 10: 10

1
8

2
9

3
10

4 11 18 25

5 12 19 26

6 13 20 27

7 14 21 28

15 22
29

16 23
30

17 24

Maybe it's time to give truth to the master's words: "I am come that you might have abundant life." Sondra Ball, 2009

2011 Friends’ Calendar Seventh Month
SIXTH MONTH
1 5 6 7 8 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 4 11 18 25 12 13 14 15 19 20 21 22 26 27 28 29

O Friends, let Righteousness flow amongst you all, Truth and equity, uprightness and holiness, which becomes the house of God. Live in the holy order of the Life, Spirit and Power of the Everlasting God. Keep in the Faith that works by Love, that purifies your hearts, the mystery of which is (continued below) held in a pure conscience …
THIRD DAY FOURTH DAY FIFTH DAY
MOON PHASES
New Moon First Qtr. Full Moon Last Qtr. New Moon 1 8 15 23 30

EIGHTH MONTH
1 7 14 21 28 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 31 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27

FIRST DAY

SECOND DAY

SIXTH DAY

SEVENTH DAY

O live in the pure Hope, which purifies you as He is pure, which hope is Christ, who was before the hypocrites’ hope … [that is] impure. So feel Christ your hope, which anchors your immortal souls, in all waves, storms and tempests … sure and safe in all weathers … George Fox, 1666

1 8 15
22

2 9 16 23
30

3
10

4 11 18
25

5 12 19
26

6 13
20

7 14
21

17
24 31

27

28

29

2011 Friends’ Calendar Eighth Month
SEVENTH MONTH
1 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

A Friends’ meeting, however silent, is at the very lowest a witness that worship is something other and deeper than words, and that it is to the unseen and eternal things that we desire to give the first place in our lives. And when the meeting, whether silent or not, is awake, and looking upwards, there is much more in it than this. In the united stillness … there is a power known only by experience, and mysterious even when the most familiar. Caroline E. Stephen, 1908
THIRD DAY FOURTH DAY FIFTH DAY

NINTH MONTH
1 4 5 6 7 8 2 3

9 10

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

FIRST DAY
MOON PHASES
First Qtr. Full Moon Last Quarter New Moon 6 13 21 28

SECOND DAY

SIXTH DAY

SEVENTH DAY

1 8 15 22 29

2 9 16 23 30

3

4

5 12 19 26

6 13 20 27

7 14 21 28

10 17 24 31

11 18 25

We must know, that God is not tyed to Time or Place, who is everywhere at the same Time: And this we shall know, as far as we are capable, if wherever we are, our Desires are to be with him. William Penn, 1726

2011 Friends’ Calendar Ninth Month
EIGHTH MONTH
1 7 14 21 28 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 31 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27

God is above all the God of the normal. In the common facts and circumstances of life He draws near to us, quietly He teaches us in the routine of life’s trifles; gently and unnoticed His Guidance comes to us through the channels of ‘reason, judgment and determining circumstance’… We have been taught by Him when we least suspected it; we have been guided — we know it — though the guiding hand rested upon us so lightly that we were unaware of its touch. William Littleboy, 1916
THIRD DAY FOURTH DAY FIFTH DAY

TENTH MONTH
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

FIRST DAY

SECOND DAY

SIXTH DAY

SEVENTH DAY

Whither shall I go from thy spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence? If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there: if I make my bed in hell, behold, thou art there. If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea; Even there shall thy hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me. Psalm 139: 7-10

1 8 15 22 29

2 9 16 23 30

3 10 17 24
MOON PHASES
First Qtr. Full Moon Last Qtr. New Moon 4 12 20 27

4 11 18 25

5 12 19 26

6 13 20 27

7 14 21 28

ORDER FORM
checks payable to: TRACT ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS Send to: 1501 Cherry Street Philadelphia, PA 19102-1403 For free calendars and tracts currently out of print visit www.tractassociation.org Name Address City, State & Zip Code Please send the following marked items. No. FRIENDS CALENDAR FRIENDS POCKET CALENDAR TRACTS (Costs given for tracts and children’s tracts are a suggested donation.) A Key by William Penn The Gathered Meeting by Thomas Kelly Turning to Christ by Jnana Hodgson How We Came to be Friends by Jnana Hodgson Concerning the Order and Government of the church by Isaac Penington Detraction by Seth B. Hinshaw Five Tests for Discerning a True Leading by Hugh Barbour The Holy Spirit by Max Reich Prayer by Virginia Schurman The Transformation of Joseph Hoag [from Journal of Joseph Hoag] To Friends in the Ministry by George Fox True Spiritual Liberty by William Penn A Question of Authority by Nancy Goodwin Reclaiming the Bible in Friends Tradition by Virginia Schurman God’s Garden by Virginia Schurman On Coming to Love One’s Enemies by Virginia Schurman In Prison, Yet Free by Eva Hermann (also in German edition) Welcome to Friends Meeting for Worship by Virginia Schurman On Vocal Ministry by Ruth Pitman Maranatha! by Charles Subbock A Briefer Barclay by William Bacon Evans In the Will of God Stand by Kenneth Morse A True Testimony Concerning My Faith in Christ by John Banks Forgiveness by Phoebe Hall The Inspired Ministry from the writings of Thomas Gould A Quaker View of Christian Revelation by John H. Curtis Sealed Epistle of George Fox
For addition titles, see next page (on reverse) SUBTOTAL, p. 1

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ORDER FORM FOR FRIENDS LITERATURE
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Congregational Silence by Max Reich Our Divine Lord by Max Reich Christ in Early Quakerism by Maurice Creasey Silence by Martin Hope Sutton George Fox's letter to the Governor of Barbadoes A Concise History of the Religious Society of Friends by Thomas Evans BOOKLETS AND TRACTS FOR CHILDREN My Friend God by Christine M. Greenland, illus. by Rosalie V. Grafe Taming Oneself by Daniel Smiley How Can I believe in God? by Stephen Angell God's Map by Daniel Smiley BOOKS AND BOOKLETS Qualifications of a Gospel Minister by Samuel Bownas Mind the Heavenly Treasure compiled by Gary Bowell Selections from the Religious Poems of John Greenleaf Whittier COMING SOON: Memoir of Elizabeth King compiled by Patricia Henry The Light Within & Selected Writings by Isaac Penington Letters to a Friend by John Wilbur A Short History of a Long Travel … by Stephen Crisp Early Prophetic Openings of George Fox A Guide To Parents Extracts, Writings of Mildred Ratcliff compiled by Virginia Schurman Love in Action by Virginia Schurman Peace Be With You by Sandra Cronk (Spanish: Paz a Vosotros) Selections from William Penn's No Cross, No Crown. Sarah Miller editor A Revolutionary Gospel by Lewis Benson The Beatitudes by Virginia Schurman Subtotal p. 2 Subtotal, p. 1 Total order Contributions toward supplies and postage. Suggested donation: 20% of order I would like to become a member of the Tract Association of Friends for 2012 ($5) I enclose the following amount to support work of the Tract Association of Friends Total (including membership and contributions)

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2011 Friends’ Calendar Tenth Month
NINTH MONTH
1 4 5 6 7 8 2 3 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

We do believe both in spiritual baptism and spiritual communion… Baptism to us means the Holy Spirit’s power so known and yielded in our hearts that we live in continual dependence upon His help and guidance. He brings us into such conscious fellowship with God and Christ that we can truly say, ‘The life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me’. I live, yet not I, but Christ liveth in me (Gal. 2: 20). …
(continued below)

ELEVENTH MONTH
1 6 7 8 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

FIRST DAY

SECOND DAY

THIRD DAY

FOURTH DAY

FIFTH DAY

SIXTH DAY
MOON PHASES
First Qtr. Full Moon Last Qtr. New Moon 3 11 19 26

SEVENTH DAY

Communion is opening the door of our hearts to the Lord Jesus and finding his promise fulfilled, ‘I will come in to him and will sup with him, and he with Me’ (Rev. 3:20). … We who set aside the outward ought to make sure that we do know these inward realities. Elizabeth B. Emmott, 1908

1 8
15

2 9
16
23 30

3 10 17
24 31

4 11 18 25

5 12 19 26

6 13 20 27

7 14 21 28

22 29

2011 Friends’ Calendar Eleventh Month
TENTH MONTH
1 2 9 16 23 30 3 4 5 6 7 8 15 22 29 10 11 12 13 14 17 18 19 20 21 24 25 26 27 28 31

In this humanistic age, we suppose man is the initiator and God the responder. But the Living Christ within us is the initiator and we the responders. God the Lover, the accuser, the revealer of light and darkness presses within us. … All our apparent initiative is already a response, a testimonial to His secret presence and working within us. Thomas Kelly, 1941
THIRD DAY FOURTH DAY FIFTH DAY SIXTH DAY

TWELFTH MONTH
1 4 5 6 7 8 2 3

9 10

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

FIRST DAY

SECOND DAY

SEVENTH DAY

Whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life. John 4: 14

1 8 15 22 29

2 9 16 23 30

3 10 17 24
MOON PHASES
First Qtr. Full Moon Last Qtr. New Moon 2 10 18 25

4 11 18 25

5 12 19 26

6 13 20 27

7 14 21 28

Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me. Revelation 3: 20

2011 Friends’ Calendar Twelfth Month
ELEVENTH MONTH
1 6 7 8 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 18 19 25 26 13 14 15 16 17 20 21 22 23 24 27 28 29 30

Then the Lord enabled me to worship him in that which was undoubtedly his own, and give up my whole strength, yea, to swim in the life which overcame me that day. Oh! Long had I desired to worship him with acceptation, and lift up my hands without doubting… I acknowledged his great mercy and wonderful kindness; for I could say, ‘This is it which I have longed and waited for, and feared I should never have experienced.’ Mary Penington (1624 –1682)
THIRD DAY FOURTH DAY
MOON PHASES
First Qtr. Full Moon Last Qtr. New Moon 2 10 17 24

FIRST MONTH
1 8 2 3 4 5 6 7

9 10 11 12 13 14

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

FIRST DAY

SECOND DAY

FIFTH DAY

SIXTH DAY

SEVENTH DAY

Behold, the winter is past; the rain is over and gone. The flowers appear on the earth, the time of singing has come, and the voice of the turtledove is heard in our land. The fig tree ripens its figs, and the vines are in blossom; they give forth fragrance. Arise, my love, my beautiful one, and come away. Song of Songs 2: 11-13 (ESV)

1 8 15 22
29

2 9 16 23
30

3 10 17 24
31

4 11 18
25

5 12 19
26

6 13 20
27

7 14 21
28

2011 FIRST MONTH
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 13 14 15 20 21 22 27 28 16 23 17 18 24 25 19 26 13 14 15 20 21 22 27 28 29 16 23 30 17 18 24 25 31 19 26

SECOND MONTH
1 8 2 9 3 4 5 12 6 10 11

THIRD MONTH
1 7 8 2 9 3 4 5 12 10 11

FOURTH MONTH
1 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 9

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

FIFTH MONTH
1 8 2 3 4 5 6 7 5 9 10 11 12 13 14

SIXTH MONTH
1 6 7 8 2 9 3 4 10 11 17 18 24 25

SEVENTH MONTH
1 3 10 17 24 31 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 7 14 21 28

EIGHTH MONTH
1 8 2 3 4 5 6

9 10 11

12 13 19 20 26 27

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

12 13 14 15 16 19 20 21 22 23 26 27 28 29 30

15 16 17 18 22 23 24 25 29 30 31

NINTH MONTH
1 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 2

TENTH MONTH
1 3 4 5 6 7 8

ELEVENTH MONTH
1 6 7 8 2 9 16 23 30 3 4 5 12 19 26 4 11 18 25 10 11 17 18 24 25

TWELFTH MONTH
1 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 31

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

13 14 15 20 21 22 27 28 29

2012 FIRST MONTH
1 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 31 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28 5 6 7

SECOND MONTH
1 8 2 3 4 4 11 18 25 9 10 11

THIRD MONTH
1 5 6 7 8 2 3 9 10

FOURTH MONTH
1 8 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

12 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 26 27 28 29 30 31

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

FIFTH MONTH
1 6 7 8 2 9 16 23 30 3 4 5 12 19 26 3 10 11 17 18 24 25 31

SIXTH MONTH
1 4 5 6 7 8 2 9

SEVENTH MONTH
1 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 31 4 11 18 25 5 12 19 26 6 13 20 27 7 14 21 28

EIGHTH MONTH
1 5 6 7 8 2 3 4 9 10 11

13 14 15 20 21 22 27 28 29

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

NINTH MONTH
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 7 14 21 28

TENTH MONTH
1 8 2 3 4 5 6 9 10 11 12 13 19 20 26 27

ELEVENTH MONTH
1 4 5 6 7 8 2 3 9 10

TWELFTH MONTH
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

15 16 17 18 22 23 24 25 29 30 31

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Names of the Months and of the Days of the Week
From the practice of the Jews before the Babylonian Captivity, it seems probable that at first the months were simply numbered, not named. This is a clear and rational procedure and is found in the early Scriptures, so the Society of Friends felt called upon to use the Scriptural names of the days of the week and of the months instead of those names which are in common use and which are, for the most part, derived from the names of pagan gods. Other religions (Christians, Jews and Muslims) as well as Friends have similar views on this subject. Richard Baxter, the English non-conformist of the Seventeenth Century, said: "It were to be wished that the custom were changed of using the names of week-days which idolators honored their idols with — as Saturday, Monday, and the rest. So for the months." Friends did not object to the names "September," "October," "November," and "December," but objected to their use since the months they name are no longer the seventh, eighth, ninth, and tenth months. January was named for Janus, an old Roman god. February was named from the Februa, the expiatory ceremonies which the Romans held in honor of their dead in this month. March was named for the Roman god Mars, who, at the time of the naming of the month, was primarily a god of agriculture, the symbol of spring-time and youth. It was only after the artificial identification of Roman gods with Greek gods that Mars became the god of war, the counterpart of Ares. April is derived from the same root as the Latin aperire, which means "to open". Thus April is the month of opening buds and flowers. May is of uncertain origin, perhaps from the Roman goddess Maia, or from maiores (the older). June may have been named for the Roman goddess Juno, or from iuniores (the younger). July, originally Quinctilis, was renamed for Julius Caesar, who was born in that month. August, originally Sextilis, was chosen by the Roman emperor Augustus to be renamed in his honor because of the many fortunate events in his life that had occurred in that month. The practice of naming the days of the week is derived from Egyptian astronomy. It did not become firmly established in our civilization until the time of Theodosius at the end of the Fourth Century C.E. Curiously enough, it was the Roman custom of lettering the successive days of a nundinum (a period of eight days, in addition to the current day) which gave rise to the modern custom in some Christian groups whereby the dominical letter is determined. The days of the week are lettered from A to G, just as the Romans lettered the days of a nundinum from A to H. According to the Egyptian astronomers the sun and moon were planets and the order of the planets in terms of their distance from the earth was as follows: Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, sun, Venus, Mercury, moon. One hour of each day, beginning with the first, was consecrated to each of these "planets". The whole day was consecrated to the planet to which belonged the first hour. If the first day be consecrated to the sun, to which belongs the first hour, then the first hour of the next day will belong to the moon and the day will be the moon's day (Monday) and so on. After the cycle has been completed, the first hour of the eighth day will belong to the sun again, and it will again be the sun's day (Sunday). Our names of the days of the week are derived from Anglo-Saxon names and these in turn are named for the Saxon gods who approximate to the Roman gods for whom the days were named. The Roman names have survived, to an extent, in Spanish, French, Italian and other languages derived from or greatly influenced by Latin. The day of Mars was called the day of Tiw, the god of war (Tuesday). The day of Mercury was called the day of Woden, chief of the gods, whose attributes corresponded more nearly to those of the Roman Mercury than to those of Jupiter, chief of the Roman gods (Wednesday). The day of Jupiter, who was believed to hurl thunderbolts, was called the day of Thor, the god of thunder (Thursday). The day of Venus was called the day of Frigg, queen of the gods, who was sometimes confused or identified with Freyia the goddess of love (Friday). The seventh day was still called the day of Saturn, the sower of seed (Saturday). No doubt most Christians unthinkingly use these names, or else they use them merely in conformity to the general custom. Although general custom can, in the long run, determine the correctness of language and vocabulary, it cannot pass upon right and wrong. And so, some Christians still feel that the use of these names for months and days, derived as they are from non-Christian sources, is inconsistent with the tenets of the Christian faith. Published by the Tract Association of Friends, 1501 Cherry Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102-1403 www.tractassociation.org

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