NORSOK STANDARD

STRUCTURAL STEEL FABRICATION

M-101 Rev.4. Dec. 2000

This NORSOK standard is developed by NTS with broad industry participation. Please note that whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this standard, neither OLF nor TBL or any of their members will assume liability for any use thereof. NTS is responsible for the administration and publication of this standard. Norwegian Technology Center Oscarsgt. 20, Postbox 7072 Majorstua N-0306 Oslo, NORWAY Telephone: + 47 22 59 01 00 Fax: + 47 22 59 01 29 Email: norsok@nts.no Website: http://www.nts.no/norsok Copyrights reserved

Structural steel fabrication

M-101 Rev. 4, Dec. 2000

CONTENTS
FOREWORD INTRODUCTION 1 SCOPE 2 NORMATIVE REFERENCES 3 DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS 3.1 Definitions 3.2 Abbreviations 4 SELECTION OF STEELS 4.1 Design classes 4.2 Selection of steel quality level 5 QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURES AND WELDERS 5.1 Welding procedure specification (WPS) 5.2 Qualification of welding procedures 5.3 Welding procedure approval record (WPAR) - Range of approval 5.4 Examination of the test weld 5.5 Welder and welding operators qualifications 6 FABRICATION AND WELDING REQUIREMENTS 6.1 General 6.2 Forming 6.3 Assembly 6.4 Preparation for coatings 6.5 Preparation and fit-up of weld bevels 6.6 Welding processes 6.7 Welding consumables 6.8 Preheat and interpass temperature 6.9 Production welding 6.10 Post weld heat treatment (PWHT) 6.11 Grinding 6.12 Peening 7 PRODUCTION TESTS 8 FABRICATION TOLERANCES 9 NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING (NDT) 9.1 General 9.2 Qualification of inspectors and NDT-operators 9.3 Extent of visual examination and NDT 9.4 Visual examination and finish of welds 9.5 Radiographic testing 9.6 Ultrasonic testing 9.7 Magnetic particle and Penetrant testing 9.8 Acceptance criteria 10 REPAIR 3 3 4 4 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 8 11 11 11 11 12 13 13 13 14 14 15 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 18 19 21 21 21 22 22 28 Page 1 of 36

NORSOK standard

4.TYPICAL GRINDING DETAILS FOR HIGH FATIGUE UTILISATION (INFORMATIVE) ANNEX A 2 .5 Definitions Correction of welds containing defects Repair by welding Repair welding procedure Correction of distortion M-101 Rev.4 10. 2000 28 28 28 29 29 30 31 ANNEX A 1 .2 10. Dec.TYPICAL PEENING DETAILS FOR HIGH FATIGUE UTILISATION (INFORMATIVE) ANNEX B .CORRELATION BETWEEN STEEL QUALITY LEVEL.1 10.QUALIFICATION OF WELDING CONSUMABLES BY DATA SHEETS (NORMATIVE) ANNEX D .Structural steel fabrication 10. MDS NUMBER AND STEEL GRADE/DESIGNATIONS (NORMATIVE) 33 ANNEX C .WELDING CONSUMABLE DOCUMENTED BY BATCH TESTING (NORMATIVE) ANNEX E FABRICATION TOLERANCES (NORMATIVE) 34 36 37 NORSOK standard Page 2 of 36 .3 10.

Where relevant. Annex A is informative. e. NORSOK standards are administered and issued by NTS (Norwegian Technology Center). In addition a steel grade with SMYS 690 is introduced with additional requirements to fabrication. D and E are normative. value adding and cost effectiveness and thus are used in existing and future petroleum industry developments. the NORSOK standard will be withdrawn. Subject to implementation into international standards. 2000 FOREWORD NORSOK (The competitive standing of the Norwegian offshore sector) is the industry initiative to add value. C. to develop standards that ensure adequate safety. reduce cost and lead time and eliminate unnecessary activities in offshore field developments and operations. The NORSOK standards are developed by the Norwegian petroleum industry as a part of the NORSOK initiative and supported by OLF (The Norwegian Oil Industry Association) and TBL (Federation of Norwegian Manufacturing Industries).Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.g. NORSOK standard Page 3 of 36 . INTRODUCTION Revision 4 of this standard has been necessary due to regulations in new design standard N 004 and new designation of steel grades. Dec. The NORSOK standards make extensive references to international standards. the contents of a NORSOK standard will be used to provide input to the international standardisation process. The purpose of NORSOK standards is to contribute to meet the NORSOK goals. Annexes B. 4.

Note: For highly fatigue utilized structures. Other recognized standards may be used provided it can be shown that they meet or exceed the requirements of the standards referenced below. relevant parts. and these will be shown on the design drawings.Magnetic particle examination of welds .Recommendation for welding of metallic materials. NORSOK standard Page 4 of 36 .Tasks and responsibilities.. 2000 1 SCOPE This standard covers the requirements for fabrication and inspection of offshore steel structures with SMYS < 500 MPa and with a minimum design temperature down to -14°C.Image quality of radiographs. Welding coordination .Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. Welding . NDT of welds . through reference in this text. Approval testing of welders . Welding . Welding . API 2B API RP 2X ASME. Part 1 BS 7910 DNV RP D404 EN 287-1 EN 288-series EN 444 EN 462-series EN 473 EN 719 EN 729-series EN 875 EN 970 EN 1011-series EN 1289 EN 1290 Specification for fabricated structural steel pipe. more severe requirements may apply. Guide on methods for assessing the acceptability of flaws in fusion welded structures. Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials.Specimen location and notch orientation for impact tests. Unstable fracture. Quality requirements for welding .General principles for radiographic examination of metallic materials by X-rays and gamma rays. NDT . constitute provisions of this NORSOK standard. Ultrasonic examination of offshore structural fabrications. For special application steels with SMYS up to 690 MPa may be used.Welded joints in metallic materials .Fusion welding of metallic materials.Fusion welding. Section V BS 7448. Fracture mechanics toughness tests. Latest issue of the references shall be used unless otherwise agreed. Dec. 2 NORMATIVE REFERENCES The following standards include provisions which.Penetrant testing of welds Acceptance levels. Non-destructive testing.General principles. Qualification and certification of NDT personnel .Visual examination of fusion welded joints. 4. Non destructive examination of welds . NDT .

Structural steel fabrication EN 1291 EN 1418 EN 1435 EN 1597-1 EN 1714 EN 10204 prEN 10225 EN 26847 ISO 3690 ISO 5817 (=EN 25817) NORSOK M-001 NORSOK M-120 NORSOK N-001 NORSOK N-004 NS 477

M-101 Rev. 4, Dec. 2000 NDT of welds - Magnetic particle examination of welds - Acceptance levels. Welding personnel - Approval testing for fully mechanised and automatic welding. Non destructive examination of welds - Radiographic examination of welded joints. Welding consumables - Test methods - Part 1: Test piece for all weld metal test specimens in steel, nickel and nickel alloys. Non destructive examination of welds - Ultrasonic examination of welded joints. Metallic products - Types of inspection documents. Weldable structural steels for fixed offshore structures. Covered electrodes for manual metal arc welding. Deposition of a weld pad for chemical analysis. Welding - Determination of hydrogen indeposited weld metal arising from the use of covered electrodes for welding mild and low alloy steels. Arc welded joints in steel - Guidance on quality levels for imperfections. Material selection Material data sheets for structural steel Structural design Design of steel structures Welding. Rules for approval of welding inspectors.

3

DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS
Shall mean normative in the application of NORSOK standards. Shall mean informative in the application of NORSOK standards. Shall is an absolute requirement which shall be followed strictly in order to conform with the standard. Should is a recommendation. Alternative solutions having the same functionality and quality are acceptable. May indicates a course of action that is permissible within the limits of the standard (a permission). Can is conditional and indicates a possibility open to the user of the standard.

3.1 Definitions Normative references Informative references Shall Should May Can

3.2 Abbreviations AWS American Welding Society BS British Standard CE Carbon Equivalent equation CTOD Crack Tip Opening Displacement DAC Distance Amplitude Curve DC Design Class DIN Deutsche Institut für Normung NORSOK standard Page 5 of 36

Structural steel fabrication DNV EN (pr EN) FCAW FSH HAZ HDM IIW ISO NDT MDS MSF Pcm PWHT SAW SMYS SQL WPS WPAR Det Norske Veritas European Standard (proposal for EN) Flux Cored Arc Welding Full Screen Height Heat Affected Zone Hydrogen content, deposit metal International Institute of Welding International Organization for Standardization Non Destructive Testing Material Data Sheet Module Support Frame Carbon equivalent (Parameter for crack, modified) Post Weld Heat Treatment Submerged Arc Welding Specified Minimum Yield Strength Steel Quality Level Welding Procedure Specification Welding Procedure Approval Record

M-101 Rev. 4, Dec. 2000

4

SELECTION OF STEELS

4.1 Design classes The design classes will be decided by the designer and shall form the basis for selection of steel quality level (SQL). Reference is made to NORSOK standard N-004. 4.2 Selection of steel quality level The steel quality level will be decided by the designer in compliance with N-004. Annex B gives the correlation between the steel quality levels I, II, III and IV, and designations on equivalent steels given in NORSOK standard M-120, Material data sheets. Selection of a better steel quality level in fabrication than the minimum required by the designer shall not lead to more stringent requirements in fabrication.

5

QUALIFICATION OF WELDING PROCEDURES AND WELDERS

5.1 Welding procedure specification (WPS) WPS shall be established in accordance with EN 288 part 2. 5.2 Qualification of welding procedures Welding procedures used for structures requiring steel quality level I and II for all strength levels and steel quality level III for SMYS ≥ 355 MPa shall be qualified in accordance with EN 288 part 3 and the additional requirements in this standard. The qualification is primarily valid for the workshop performing the welding tests, and other workshops under the same technical and quality management. It may also be transferred to and used by a subcontractor, provided the principles of EN 729 part 2 are implemented and documented. NORSOK standard Page 6 of 36

Structural steel fabrication 5.3 Welding procedure approval record (WPAR) - Range of approval

M-101 Rev. 4, Dec. 2000

5.3.1 For welding of steels with SMYS ≤500 MPa The WPAR is valid within the limitations specified in EN 288 part 3, with the following clarifications and modifications: a) Control of heat input according to EN 288 part 3, section 8.4.7, shall apply. If an approval testing have been performed at both a high and a low heat input level (with all specified mechanical testing), then all intermediate heat inputs are also qualified. b) When the steel to be welded has a Pcm ≥ 0.21, or a carbon content C ≥ 0.13%, then an increase of more than 0.02 Pcm units or 0.03 carbon equivalent units (IIW formula) over the value on the approval test shall require a new qualification test. c) A change from wrought (rolled, forged) steel to cast steel or converse. d) A change in delivery condition (normalised, thermomechanically controlled processed or quenched and tempered). e) A change in microalloying element or manufacturing technique for steel with SMYS ≥ 400 MPa. f) A change in groove angle more than +20 deg./-10 deg. g) A qualification of fillet welds carried out on plate thickness equal to or greater than 30 mm, applies for all plate and throat thicknesses. Single layer fillet welds qualifies multi-layer, but not the converse. h) CTOD testing shall be included in the qualification of welding procedures for weldments with a plate thickness above 50 mm for all strength levels for steel quality level I and II and for SMYS >400 MPa for steel quality level III. CTOD testing shall be included in the qualification of welding procedures for weldments with a plate thickness below and equal 50 mm if requested by the designer for the specified steel quality level. Testing shall be executed from as welded and PWHT weld assemblies as applicable, covering the following combined conditions: • • • Full penetration buttweld with K-, or half V -groove as deemed most representative for the actual fabrication. V and X groove are acceptable for weld metal test.. A welding procedure representing the maximum heat input to be used in fabrication. Maximum joint thickness (within 10%).

Assemblies shall be made and tested for the actual combination of steel manufacturer, welding process and welding consumable (brand) used, except welding consumables used for root passes only, provided these are removed completely by gouging and grinding. Note: The changes specified in d) and e) need not require re-qualification if HAZ properties for the material to be welded have been documented from the steel manufacturer for relevant thicknesses and heat input ranges. If sufficient documentation from the steel manufacturer is not available, a change of material shall require re-qualification of a reduced number of procedures. The number of procedures to be re-qualified shall be sufficient to verify that the HAZ properties of the new material is comparable with that used for the previous qualifications.

NORSOK standard

Page 7 of 36

1 General The type and number of tests shall be in accordance with table 5.4 5.1 the following additional requirements apply for welding of steels with SMYS >500 MPa a) b) c) d) A change in steel manufacturer. CTOD testing as described in 5. Examination of the test weld 5. Dec.21 or a carbon content ≥ 0.1 h) shall be executed for thicknesses above 30 mm Stress relieving if required/specified by designer When the steel to be welded has a Pcm ≥ 0.3.1. 4.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.3.3. The soundness of the weld shall comply with clause 9. 2000 5.2 For welding of steels with SMYS >500MPa In addition to the requirements given in 5.13.4. then an increase of more than 0.03 Pcm or 0. Testing shall be performed in accordance with EN 288 and the additional requirements given below. The test weld shall be 100% examined for both surface and volumetric defects with the relevant NDT-methods. NORSOK standard Page 8 of 36 .04 carbon equivalent units (IIW formula) over the value of the approval test shall require a new qualification test.

e. T-joints on plates qualify for tubular joints. the Charpy Vnotch properties shall be documented on a butt weld joint made with the same consumable and same base material.1h and 5. two additional sets of Charpy V-notch tests shall be taken from the root area.2.2 Charpy V-notch testing Sampling of Charpy V-notch impact tests shall be carried out in accordance with EN 875. the hardness limits in NORSOK M-001 (i. 2 mm from fusion line (VHT 2/2) Notch in HAZ. Dec. If the dimensions of the joint does not allow Charpy V-notch testing.3. • • • • Notch in centre of weld (VWT 0/2) Notch in fusion line (VHT 0/2) Notch in HAZ. 2 mm below the surface of the material. 3.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. It shall be documented on a butt weld test that the welding consumable used will have sufficient tensile strength.4. max 350 HV10) shall apply in addition to the requirements of EN 288. 5.) (Designation in parenthesis refers to EN 875). Bend tests shall consist of 1 face and 1 root bend specimen for t < 20 mm and 2 side bend specimens for t ≥ 20 mm 2. For SMYS 690 MPa max 400 HV10 shall apply. and vice versa. 5. with the notch in the following positions: • Notch in centre of weld (VWT 0/b) • Notch in fusion line (VHT 0/b) The test temperature and energy requirements shall comply with table 5.1 Type and number of tests Mechanical testing Tensile Bend test tests 1) 2 2 3) 3) 3) 3) Joint configuration Buttwelds (Tubulars and plates) T-joints (plates) 4) Tubular joints 4) Joint thickness (mm) t<50 t≥50 t<50 t≥50 t<50 t≥50 All 2 2 Charpy V-notch tests 4 sets 6 sets 4 sets 2) 6 sets 4 sets 2) 6 sets Hardness and macro 5) 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 CTOD Ref. (All specimens shall be machined with the notch through the thickness.4 Fillet welds Notes: 1. For welds on submerged structures with cathodic protection. 4. 4. with the notch in the positions listed below. 5 mm from fusion line (VHT 5/2) For welds with a joint thickness of 50 mm or more. 5. and welding parameters and thickness within the range qualified for the joint. 2000 Table 5. NORSOK standard Page 9 of 36 .4.

Note: Test assemblies may be given hydrogen diffusion treatment prior to testing.4 CTOD testing The CTOD. If not specified. 5. Steel quality level I SMYS 400< ≤400 SMYS≤ 500 0°C -20°C -20°C -40°C -40°C -40°C -40°C -40°C 36J 42J Material thickness mm SMYS >500 -20°C -40°C -40°C -40°C 60J SMYS ≤400 0°C 0°C -20°C -40°C 27J t ≤ 12 12 < t ≤ 25 25 < t ≤ 50 t > 50 Energy Requirement 1) II 400< SMYS≤ 500 -0°C -20°C -40°C -40°C 42J III SMYS >500 -20°C -40°C -40°C -40°C 60J 355≤ SMYS ≤500 -0°C 0°C -20°C -40°C 27J SMYS >500 0°C -20°C -40°C -40°C 42J Note: 1. Dec. Three (3) valid test specimens shall be obtained for each notch location. Other test temperature may be prescribed by the designer. If not specified otherwise.technique with the Bx2B through-thickness notched type specimen according to BS 7448 Part 1 should be used. The minimum average value is given in the table. 20% of the fracture surface shall consist of weld metal/HAZ). the test temperature for design temperature down to -14 °C shall be: -10 °C for splash zone or above. provided the requirements for the essential variables are met. The requirement for minimum CTOD value shall be prescribed by the designer. is made to prEN 10225.3 Transverse tensile testing Testing shall be carried out in accordance with EN 288. For HAZ. max.Structural steel fabrication Table 5. 0 °C for submerged parts. 4. Three valid test specimens shall be obtained for each test position. Ref.e. 2000 Charpy impact test temperatures and energy requirements for welding procedure qualifications.2/3.4. The fracture shall be located outside the weld metal (i. CTOD-testing of welds shall be carried out with the fatigue notch tip positioned in the coarse grained region of the heat affected zone and in the weld metal. determination of the actual location of the fatigue crack tip shall be performed after testing. 5. and specimens may be precompressed. No individual value shall be less than 70% of the minimum average value. NORSOK standard Page 10 of 36 .2 M-101 Rev.4. CTOD-testing of HAZ can be omitted if relevant CTOD properties in HAZ have been documented previously in accordance with requirements in this standard.5/6 and 5 mm . the requirement for minimum CTOD value shall be as for the steel purchase order.5 mm . Reduction factors of energy requirements for subsize specimens shall be: 7.

which fulfil the relevant part of EN 729 and the applicable level of EN 719. For tack welders. The manufacturer shall have a quality system. a certificate for welding of plates in position PE is sufficient for welding all product forms.5 Welder and welding operators qualifications The welders. either heat treatment shall be performed.e. or strain ageing tests shall be carried out according to the following procedure: • The material shall be permanently strained locally to the actual deformation. • The material shall be artificially aged at 250°C for 1 hour. forming below 250°C) shall be carried out within the deformation range recommended by the steel manufacturer. provided the requirements for the essential variables are met. The required fracture toughness level shall be decided in design for joints when steel quality level I and II are required. NORSOK standard Page 11 of 36 . The fabricator shall apply a weld numbering system for identification on all shop drawings and as reference in all documentation. • One set of 3 impact test specimens shall be tested from the base material in the strained plus artificially aged condition. 2000 CTOD-testing of weld metal can be omitted if relevant CTOD properties in WM have been documented previously in accordance with requirements in this standard. 4. • The Charpy-V impact value shall comply with the minimum requirements for the steel grade and shall not be more than 25% lower than the impact value for the material before deformation and strain ageing. 6. Dec.2 Forming Cold forming of steel (i. the deformation limit without documentation of mechanical properties is 5%. If the deformation is more than the above given limits. For welding of joints where steel quality level IV is selected.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. 5. For welding of single sided acute angled tubular joints with α < 70º.1 General All welding work shall be according to recommendations given in relevant part of EN 1011. • The impact testing temperature shall be as specified for the actual steel grade in question. Testing is normally not requested for structures with plate thickness below 40 mm for SMYS≤500 MPa or for structures with plate thicknes below 25 mm for SMYS>500 MPa. 6 FABRICATION AND WELDING REQUIREMENTS 6. welding operators and tack welders shall be qualified in accordance with EN 287. For steel quality level I and II. welders shall be qualified with a realistic joint. in the part of the cross section which have received the highest strain. an internal test may be used. The notch shall be located within the plastically strained portion of the material. EN 1418 or equivalent. representing the minimum angle α to be used in production.

D/4 W3 = 600 mm or min. 2000 If forming is performed at temperature above 250°C. it shall be documented that the base material properties. Longitudinal respectively circumferential welds shall not be located in shaded area. Dec. W1 W1 W1 W1 W2 W2 W2 W2 D Longitudinal welds Circumferential welds W1 = 75 mm or min. weldmetal and HAZ properties satisfy the actual MDS and this standard.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.1 General In tubular joints. D Fig. a tapering of 1:4 should be used. The percentage strain due to forming is defined as follows: Percent strain = 6. NORSOK standard Page 12 of 36 W 3 . 6.3 Tapering Tapering shall be in accordance with the requirements given in relevant standards or drawings. noted as restricted on design drawings.3. unless otherwise shown on design drawings.1 Prohibited location of welds in tubular joints.2 Splices Splices shall not be located in areas.1.3. 6.3 Wall thickness x 100% Forming mid thickness diameter Assembly 6. 6.3. circumferential and longitudinal weld joints should not be placed in the shaded areas shown in fig. 2 times chord thickness W2 = 150 mm or min. If no other requirements are specified. weldability. 6. 4.

hollow sections shall be ventilated. Where steel items shall be hot dip galvanised.5 Preparation and fit-up of weld bevels Permanent backing strips are not accepted. inspection and documentation procedures and requirements that govern the structural part in question. unless otherwise indicated on design drawings. 6.3.3. Holes shall be made by machine drilling.6 Temporary cut-outs Temporary cut-outs shall not be located in restricted areas as shown on design drawings. 6. NORSOK standard Page 13 of 36 .3. 4.3.3.7 Straightening of structural members Members distorted by welding shall be straightened according to a detailed work instruction. Maximum temperature for straightening shall not exceed the temperature limit recommended by the steel manufacturer. Temporary cut outs shall have a corner radius not less than 100 mm. 6. Material selection. Crevices and areas which become inaccessible after fabrication or assembly shall be sealed off from the outside atmosphere.8 Doubler plates All temporary attachments which shall be flame cut or welded under water shall be attached to the structure by using doubler plates. Temporary cut-outs shall be closed by refitting the same or an equivalent plate and employing the same welding.4 Preparation for coatings Edges of plates and structural shapes which are intended to be coated shall be rounded to approximately 2 mm radius. 6. Buttering in excess of 20 mm shall be avoided. but it shall in no case be higher than 600°C. All attachments in the splash zone shall be attached to the structure by using doubler plates.6 Welding processes The welding processes listed in EN 288-3 are acceptable. 6. Dec.4 Bolting connection Bolting material shall comply with requirements in NORSOK standard M-001. Seal welds shall have a throat thickness of at least 3 mm. The base material properties shall satisfy the specified requirements after straightening. Buttering shall be carried out in accordance with a relevant WPAR. 6. 6.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. unless shown in design drawings. 2000 6.5 Seal/blind-compartments.

When certification according to Annex C is used. a maximum interpass temperature of 250ºC may be used. and qualified by the WPAR. The preheat temperatures used during repair welding should be minimum 50°C higher than the preheat used for the original weld. 4. toughness and homogenity.7 Welding consumables The manufacturers shall ensure that welding consumables applied for joints where steel quality level I. Stricter requirements than given above may be relevant.2 certificate. For C.2). as a minimum.8 Preheat and interpass temperature Preheating above 50ºC should be achieved by electric heating elements. including a statement of compliance with the Welding Consumable Data Sheet and the chemical composition of the weld deposit (elements of the data sheet). 2000 6. II and III are required. i. see annex D. welding consumables (except welding fluxes) shall be supplied with an inspection certificate (type 3. Welding fluxes shall be supplied with a test report (EN 10204 type 2. For self shielded flux cored wire HDM ≤ 8ml/100g may be accepted.and C/Mnsteels. Dec. see annex C. For all steels with SMYS ≥ 500 MPa special precautions shall be taken to verify that selected consumables comply with hydrogen requirements. Hydrogen testing shall be according to ISO 3690 or equivalent. Cutting torches are not allowed for preheating. declaring conformity with the approved product type. HDM ≤ 5ml/100g weld metal. the maximum interpass temperature shall not exceed 250°C measured at the edge of the groove.1B) in accordance with EN 10204. • For steels with SMYS ≥ 500 MPa Annex D is mandatory Except for solid wires such consumables shall be classified by the supplier as extra low hydrogen. meet the requirements for mechanical properties as specified for the welding procedure qualification. 6. provided preheating temperature and post weld holding temperature and time is assessed to avoid hydrogen cracking. to ensure sufficient weld strength.Such consumables shall be delivered with EN 10204 type 2. even if a lower temperature was recorded on the WPAR. • An established and reliable system of batch certification against accepted supplier data sheets.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. If not otherwise stated in the WPS. NORSOK standard Page 14 of 36 . in both as welded and (where applicable) PWHT condition. thickness and weldability. The minimum interpass temperature shall not drop below the minimum required preheat temperature. All welding consumables shall be individually marked. Consumables for joints in steel quality level III (with SMYS <355MPa) and IV and for joining stainless to carbon steel shall be selected with due consideration of base material properties.e. Prequalification with mock-up structures shall apply if there is a risk for high restraint in welding or erection. This may be achieved through (alternatively): • Batch testing including chemical analysis and mechanical properties.

or removed only partially.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. Special precautions. ladders or other fabrication and erection aids should be removed. the temporary attachments may be left as is. supports for cables. equipment. attachments or penetration sleeves in stainless steel materials may be selected for various purposes. The ground area shall be visually examined and magnetic particle/penetrant tested (as relevant) in accordance with the inspection category in question. 6. the PWHT shall be repeated.) Any occurrence of cracking during production welding shall be investigated.9.9 Production welding 6. 6. whenever possible.9.3 Stainless steel components Permanent or temporary structural elements. the 10O should be machined from the root to each plate surface. lugs for scaffolding and assembly. For joints in inspection category A. If indicated on design drawings that removal (full or partial) is not required. minimum holding temperature and extended post weld holding temperature for 24 hours or more. Cracks or other persistent weld defects may lead to revision and requalification of the WPS. Butt welds in joints where steel quality level I and II for all strength levels.2 Attachments Temporary attachments as lifting lugs.1 General Welding shall be carried out in accordance with the WPS and applicable drawings. Dec. All welding of attachments shall comply with the requirements for the structure to which they are attached. or steel quality level III for SMYS > 400 MPa are required shall. Welding should be suspended until the cause of cracks and defects has been identified and measures taken to prevent their reoccurrence. Temporary attachments shall be cut minimum 3 mm from the base metal and ground. unless it is documented that possible defects can be detected by the UT technique used .and 1/2V-butt weld grooves shall have a groove angle of at least 10O. Unless other requirements apply higher alloyed consumables than given for the relevant stainless component shall be selected for tacking and final welding. 4. (For K-grooves. Requirements for welding and testing of stainless outfitting structures shall follow similar classification principles as for other structural steel elements. 2000 Note: Production welding of high strength steels with SMYS>500 MPa is normally more sensitive to hydrogen cracking than experienced during welding for qualification. including preheating temperature.9. If any welding is conducted after PWHT. 6. the ”straight” edges of K. All welding and testing of welds to carbon steel structures shall as a minimum comply with the requirements for the structure to which they are attached. be welded from both sides. NORSOK standard Page 15 of 36 . shall be taken into consideration.

surface roughness and profile of grinding as well as peening shall be specified. Double sided heating shall be used as far as possible.12 Peening Weld improvement by peening shall be performed in accordance with detailed procedures. Typical examples of requirements for peening of joints are given in Annex A. Normally pregrinding of a groove will be required to assure correct location of peening area. independent of steel quality level. when the nominal thickness (as defined in EN 288-3. Grinding tools. 6. Configuration of structure to be PWHT or details if local PWHT shall be carried out. Documentation of correct performance shall include macrophotography.2. Recording equipment.3. NORSOK standard Page 16 of 36 . Insulation. Control devices. 2000 6. unless adequate fracture toughness can be documented in the as welded conditions. 4. Dec.10 Post weld heat treatment (PWHT) PWHT shall be required for structural welds in steel quality level I or II. the grinding shall be performed according to a detailed procedure. or quality level III with Re>400MPa. Number and location of thermocouples to be used during PWHT. PWHT shall be carried out in accordance with a procedure which shall include: • • • • • • • • • Heating rate. Typical examples for requirements for grinding of joints are given in Annex A. Tools for grinding and peening. Soaking temperature and time. direction. The temperatures shall be continuously and automatically recorded on a chart. section 8. PWHT may be required for smaller thicknesses. 6.11 Grinding When grinding is specified on design drawings or is instructed as a corrective action. Tools for check and measurements shall be described and shall be available during operations.1) exceeds 50 mm. For restrained joints of complicated design. Reference samples for typical joints and sections may be prepared and used for acceptance of treated welds.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. The holding time and temperature shall be as recommended by the steel manufacturer The temperature difference between different parts of the structure during soaking time shall not exceed 30°C within the heated area. Heating facilities. Cooling rate. surface roughness and final profile shall be specified.

2000 7 PRODUCTION TESTS Production tests shall be selected on weldments in critical regions to verify that the specified requirements have been meet. and shall be specified on the design drawings. 9 NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING (NDT) 9. The defect rates shall be recorded on a weekly basis from each production area (geographically split in production areas at the same yard) and shall be reported together with the accumulated defect rate. Two steps of actions apply within trigger level 2. NORSOK standard Page 17 of 36 .Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. contractor shall implement a system for recording of weld defect rates. The time delay may be reduced to 24 hours for steel grades with SMYS of 355MPa or lower. normally as extension of the production weld. Dec. Cracks detected with any NDT method shall require documented investigation/action by the responsible welding engineer. Causes for defects shall immediately be investigated and corrective actions shall be taken to prevent further occurrence. At a weekly high defect rate or at repeated occurrence of planar defects. two trigger levels apply for extended NDT for welds in inspection category B. C and D. The defect rate statistics shall be used as a tool in weld quality control. the reason for the failure shall be determined and remedial action implemented. 4. unless otherwise specified on drawings. Test coupons shall be welded in a manner which realistically simulates the actual production welding. If a production test fails. provided delayed cracking have not been observed for the materials and/or welding consumables in question. Final inspection and NDT of structural steel welds shall not be carried out before 48 hours after completion except where PWHT is required.1 General The inspection category shall be decided by the designer in accordance with NORSOK N-004. When PWHT is performed. the final NDT shall be carried out when all heat treatment have been completed. Minimum one test coupon is required from each applied welding process. and for steel grades with SMYS of 420MPa or lower for plate thicknesses below 40 mm. and meet the requirements for welding procedure approval tests. CTOD testing is not required for production testing. 8 FABRICATION TOLERANCES Fabrication tolerances shall be in accordance with Annex E. Prior to fabrication start-up.

NORSOK standard Page 18 of 36 . to assure that the weld quality is maintained also with the lower extent of NDT. A low defect rate may be used as basis for a reduction in the extent of NDT for inspection categories B. See Note 2 in Table 9. 2000 Trigger level 1 If a defect rate for any method exceed 10 % for a single week the extent shall be increased to 100 % for all welds in question irrelevant of the required inspection category for the welds. The increased NDT extent shall cover welds of the same inspection categories. C and D. Step 2.shall be qualified in accordance with NS 477 or equivalent scheme. 9. 4. if the defect rate approaches 10 % during any stage in production welding. Dec. provided that a correct defect rate identification is prepared for each weld method. Unless the causes for defects found leads to immediate and documented preventive actions. If the defect rate for the weld length where the extended NDT is taken in accordance with Step 1 above exceed 5 %. Personnel performing visual inspections of welded joints shall be qualified in accordance with relevant part of EN 473/NORDTEST.1. Spot extent shall be increased to 20 %. Personnel responsible for all NDT activities shall be qualified according to EN 473/NORDTEST Level 3 or equivalent.10 % for a single week is observed the following two steps of extended NDT shall apply: Step 1. welded in the same period of time when the high defect rate was produced. the higher level of extent of NDT shall be maintained until the weekly defect rate is well below 5 %. Trigger level 2 If a defect rate for any method of 5 . NDT after repair shall not be included when calculating the defect rate. Generally.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.welding inspectors . The NDT operators shall be qualified according to EN 473/NORDTEST Level 2 or equivalent. The defect rate is defined as : (Defect length x 100%) (Length of tested parts of welds)1) Note 1: “Tested part of welds” means the part that is tested with the same NDT method. each NDT method and each production area. further welding should be held until investigations are completed and corrective actions implemented. the extent shall be increased to 100 % for all welds in question irrelevant of the required inspection category for the welds. A defect rate for any NDT method exceeding 5 % (1% for MT) for a single week require doubling of the extent of NDT according to the inspection category.2 Qualification of inspectors and NDT-operators Personnel responsible for welding inspection .

Dec. Testing performed shall be representative for the weld quality. 2000 Operators simply producing radiographs and not performing evaluation.1. do not require level 2. 9. Partial NDT shall normally be planed for on all shop drawings.3 Extent of visual examination and NDT The required minimum extent of examination/testing is given in table 9. but shall have sufficient training. In undertaking testing of castings or forgings the NDT operator should also document experience with forged and cast products. 4.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. Design drawings may show areas of welds where testing is mandatory. The testing shall be performed on minimum 5% of welds in inspection category A and B for SAW (12) and FCAW (131 and 136) NORSOK standard Page 19 of 36 . Ultrasonic testing to reveal the presence of possible weld metal transverse cracking shall be included for butt welds with thickness more than 25 mm.

Inspection category A B1) C1) D1) E Type of connection Buttw. T-conn.1) for UT/RT is <2.1 Minimum extent (in %) of non-destructive testing for structural welds. 2000 Table 9.5%. are as given for the limits below. 2. Trigger level 1 .Defect rate exceeding 10 %: The extent shall be increased to 100 % irrelevant of inspection category.Defect rate for the extended testing under Step 1 exceed 5 %: The extent shall be increased to 100 % of the weld lengths in question for all inspection categories. Visual examination 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 RT 10 Spot Extent of testing UT 100 100 50 2) 50 2) 20 2) 20 2) MT 100 100 100 100 2) 100 2) 100 2) 20 2) 20 2) 20 2) spot - Legend RT = Radiographic testing UT = Ultrasonic testing MT = Magnetic particle testing Spot means 2 . including all types of defects. provided the defect rate (see clause 10. Spot extent shall be increased to 20 %. The required level of increased extent shall be maintained until a defect rate below 5 % is re-established and documented.Defect rate of 10 % and below calls for stepwise increase in extent: Step 1 . T-conn. Note: 1.2% during the last 100m of weld.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.Defect rate exceeding 5 % ( MT exceeding 1%): The original extent shall be doubled. T-conn. Fillet/partial All conn. NORSOK standard Page 20 of 36 .1 and 11. the normal extent of NDT shall apply again.0% and for MT is <0. A possible reduction in the extent of NDT shall be considered separately for each welding method and each production area. Dec. If the defect rate exceeds the limits given above. Trigger level 2 . The extent of NDT shall be increased for Inspection categories B. Fillet/partial Buttw. The extent may be reduced to 50% of the specified extent. based on experience and documented records with similar joints. All conn. 4. The last 100m shall be continuously updated every week. Step 2 . Fillet/partial Buttw. C and D if repeated occurrence of planar defects are revealed or if the weekly defect rate for any NDT method.

and such that areas of welds most susceptible to weld defects are covered. and those locations where presence of defects is deemed to be most harmful. UT may be replaced with RT.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. intersection welds. shall be tested. the sensitivity shall be 2% or better. Class A. b) Where radiographic testing is required. Sensitivity level shall be in accordance with EN 462 part 3. the following shall apply for inspection category A and B: a) One film at each end for longitudinal welds of tubulars (including tubulars for nodes and stubs). Dec. For such thicknesses. Radiographic testing is normally not applicable for thicknesses above 40 mm.4 Visual examination and finish of welds The visual examination shall be carried out in accordance with EN 970. During the initial fabrication the extent of UT and MT of inspection category B and C welds shall be intensified. except when 100% UT is specified.1 refers to the total length of welds in each inspection category.1. In general. examination level C. if gamma ray sources are used.2. 9. Suspect planar indications discovered by RT shall be type determined. Reference blocks shall be made with thickness and side-drilled holes in accordance with table 9. All WPS's used and welds representing all welding personnel involved in the fabrication shall be subject to NDT. In addition to what is listed in table 9.1.6 Ultrasonic testing Ultrasonic testing of welds in plate and tubular butt welds and double side welded tubular joints shall be performed in accordance with EN 1714. The specified percentage to be tested in table 9. 9. located and sized by UT. ambiguous imperfections revealed by UT shall in addition be tested by RT. Class A. d) Ultrasonic testing is normally not applicable for thicknesses less than 10 mm. 2000 When partial testing is defined for welds in an area. The increased initial testing may be accounted for in the overall extent provided the initial testing confirms consistent good workmanship. c) Ultrasonic and radiographic testing shall not overlap. RT should be considered if UT is not possible. 9. Penetrameters of wire type (according to EN 462-1 or equivalent) shall be utilised. However.5 Radiographic testing Radiographic testing shall be carried out in accordance with EN 1435. However. NORSOK standard Page 21 of 36 . e) MT shall be performed on both external and internal surface as accessible or as required by the designer. normally to twice the level given in table 9. 4. This extent shall be maintained for a weld and test length sufficient to conclude that the weld repair percentage is at a reasonable level. DAC reference curves shall be established. the testing shall be spread such that the most essential members and nodes are included in the inspection.

5 unless more stringent requirements are specified by the designer. the direction of rolling. in 9.7 Magnetic particle and Penetrant testing Magnetic particle testing shall be carried out in accordance with prEN 1290.3 Radiographs The soundness of the welded joint shall comply with the requirements of table 9. when it will be necessary to raise the curve using reflectors at increased depth. NORSOK standard Page 22 of 36 . Where ultrasonic testing is to be performed on steel produced by controlled rolling or thermomechanical treatment.9. shall be used when plotting indications.1 General All welds shall comply with the requirements given below. All indications exceeding acceptance criteria shall be reported. 9. depth and type of indication. 9.2 Visual examination All welds shall show evidence of good workmanship. 4.8 Acceptance criteria 9. A transfer correction between the reference block and the test surface shall be performed.4 Ultrasonic testing acceptance criteria The acceptance criteria for welds shall comply with table 9. and parallel to. Ultrasonic examination procedures shall be sufficiently detailed to ensure 100% of the weld body and heat affected zones are examined for longitudinal defects.3. For non-magnetic materials penetrant testing in accordance with EN 1289 should be used.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. The rolling direction shall be clearly identified. The reference block shall be from a steel type that is representative for the steel to be inspected.2 . Dec. 9. The quality shall comply with the requirements of table 9. The examination record shall include the position. The actual refracted angle for each probe measured from the reference block or as measured on the actual object being examined. unless more stringent requirements are given in table 9.8. reference blocks shall be produced both perpendicular to. All indications exceeding 20% DAC shall be investigated to the extent that they can be evaluated in terms of the acceptance criteria.5. Magnetic yokes using alternating current shall be used.8. length. 2000 The effective test range of a DAC curve shall be determined by the point at which the curve has fallen to 25% FSH.8.8. Permanent magnets are not acceptable.5. 9.8. the echo height.4. 9.8. Prods are acceptable where the geometry of the welded joint prevents the use of yokes.

Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. Additional holes are allowed and recommended Distance of hole from one surface Thickness of material to be examined (mm) 10 < t < 50 50 < t < 100 100 < t < 150 150 < t < 200 200 < t < 250 t > 250 NORSOK standard Page 23 of 36 .3. Any linear indications shall be ground and re-examined. Table 9. Dec.5 mm ) are not acceptable.8.2 mm t/2 and t/4. Rounded indications shall be evaluated in accordance with the requirements of table 9.6 All methods All defects shall be repaired according to clause 10.e. Defects may be accepted by the relevant parties when repair work is considered detrimental to the total integrity of the weld. Such acceptance shall be based on a fitness for purpose evaluation in accordance with BS 7910 . indications with a length/width ratio above 3 and length above 1. DNV RP D404 or other recognised methods. 4. 2000 9.2 mm Ø 6 mm +/-0.2 Calibration reference block requirements Thickness of block 40 or t 75 or t 125 or t 175 or t 225 or t 275 or t Diameter of hole Ø 3 mm +/-0. 9.8. The same acceptance criteria applies for penetrant testing.5 Magnetic particle testing Linear indications (i.

3) 1) Reinforcement of fillet/partial pen.15 x t or max. 5) Grinding arc strikes etc. 1) Roughness of weld (fig. E Not acceptable Single . The bottom of roughness in butt welds shall not be below the base material surface. b .4) 1) Not acceptable. Max. Repair welding and inspection shall be performed if removal of the base metal exceeds the specified requirements.h: 5 mm “a” greater than 13 Max difference. 1) Misalignment of butt welds (fig.h: 8 mm Grinding of base material shall not exceed 7% of the wall thickness or max. misalignment (M). 3 mm. 3 mm “U” shall be less than 2. Removal of temporary attachments 2) Sharp edges NORSOK standard Page 24 of 36 . without sharp transitions.Structural steel fabrication Table 9. 4 mm. Minimum 2 mm radius (Ref. “t” less or equal to 10 Max reinforcement “C” 2 mm “t” greater than 10. whichever is the smaller. up to 15 Max reinforcement “C” 3 mm “a” greater than 15.5 mm Continuous undercut is not permitted Not acceptable Concave root Excessive pen. Visual and MT-acceptance criteria for structural steel welds Acceptance criteria Inspection category C. welds (fig. max 10 mm Defects shall be regarded as a continuous defect if the distance between them is < t.4) Symmetry of fillet welds (fig. Max. Dec. 2000 Structural steel welds.75 mm Continuous undercut is not permitted Welding Type of defect Cracks Incomplete penetration or lack of fusion Undercut Insp.side weld: Length < t/2. Max.3 M-101 Rev. up to 25 Max reinforcement “C” 3 mm “t” greater than 25. B Not acceptable Not acceptable Surface porosity Exposed slag Max depth 0. b . the following defects may be acceptable if it does not conflict with surface treatment requirements: Accumulated pore diameters in any area of 10 x 150 mm is not to exceed 15 mm. Weld surface shall be smooth. whichever is the smaller. concavity 0. up to 50 Max reinforcement “C” 4 mm “t” greater than 50 Max reinforcement “C” 5 mm “a” less or equal to 10 Max reinforcement “C” 2 mm “a” greater than 10. up to 25 Max reinforcement “C” 4 mm “a” greater than 25 Max reinforcement “C” 5 mm “a” less or equal to 6 Max difference.h: 3 mm “a” greater than 6. size of a single pore is t/4 or 4 mm. cat.5 mm. up to 13 Max difference.5 mm if the transition is smoothly formed. 6. 4. 0. Max. 2) Reinforcement of butt welds (fig. A. D. However. b . Maximum depth 0.

11). The ground area shall be visually inspected and MT shall be performed in accordance with the inspection category in question. Dec. U U Fig. 3) When required (ref. 1 Roughness of weld c M Fig. 2 Misalignment of butt weld t Fig. grinding of the surface shall be specified. 4. 4b Reinforcement of partial pen. 2) Temporary attachments shall be cut min. 3 mm from the base metal and ground smooth. 4a Reinforcement of fillet weld Fig. 6. weld a Fig. 5 Symmetry of fillet weld NORSOK standard a Page 25 of 36 . 2000 Notes: 1) Localised reinforcements exceeding the above requirements are acceptable.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.3 Reinforcement of butt weld b t h c a c Fig. Typical examples of grinding requirements are given in annex A.

but max. 25 mm t/4. max. max 50 mm t. or piping porosity (Note 2) Width Length (Note 3) Incomplete penetration.Structural steel fabrication Table 9. max. lack of fusion Length (Note 2) Cracks max t/4. RT acceptance criteria Type of defect Internal porosity (Note 1) Isolated: Pore diameter Cluster: Pore diameter Scattered: Accumulated pore diameters in any 10x150 mm area of weld Slag inclusions. 100 mm 2t. the pores are to be considered as a cluster. 2) Defects in a line where the distance between the defect is shorter than the longest defect shall be regarded as one continuous defect. 6 mm 4t. Dec. 25 mm Not acceptable t/3.6 mm 2t. 20 mm Inspection category A. max . 3 mm max. NORSOK standard Page 26 of 36 . 3) No length limitation for width ≤2 mm for t ≥20 mm and for width ≤1 mm for t <20 mm. D. E max t/3. 2000 C. but max.4 Structural steel welds.6 mm max. max. 4 mm max. max 50 mm Not acceptable Notes: 1) If more than one pore is located inside a circle of diameter 3 times the pore diameter. B M-101 Rev. 6 mm max. 4.

defect position etc. Type of defect shall be decided by: I: Supplementary non-destructive testing. from the nearest surface. whichever is smaller. Max length 2t. Defect length shall be determined by the 6dB drop method from the end of the defect (for defects larger than the beam) or by the maximum amplitude technique (for defects smaller than the beam). 2000 Notes 1 2 3 4 Cracks Lack of fusion or incomplete penetration 1 2 3 4 5 Slag inclusions Porosity 1 2 1 Notes: 1. Dec. NORSOK standard Page 27 of 36 . A defect is classified as a “surface defect” if any part of the defect is located less than 6 mm or t/4. UT acceptance criteria. M-101 Rev. max 25 mm max 50 mm II: The echo height is between 50 and 100% of the reference curve: Max length 2t. With UT performed from only one side of the weld with only one surface accessible.5 Description General Structural steel welds.Structural steel fabrication Table 9. Max length 4t. signal geometry. D. II: The ultrasonic operator's assessment of the defect. the defects shall be evaluated as one continuous defect. using his knowledge of the welding process. E If the type of defect can not be ascertained with certainty the defect shall be repaired when the length exceeds 10 mm and the echo height exceeds the reference curve. 3. Max length 2t. 4. max 50 mm max 100 mm Surface defects are not acceptable except: For root defects in single sided welds . 5. max 25 mm max 50 mm When echo height exceeds the reference curve: Max length 2t. 4. Unambiguous cracks are unacceptable regardless of size or amplitude. Inspection category Inspection category A+B C. With “internal defects” it is meant defects which are located more than 6 mm from the nearest surface. If elongated defects are situated on line and the distance between them is less than the length of the longest indication. respectively. max 50 mm max 100 mm Repair is required if porosity may mask for other defects. the max length for which the echo height exceeds the reference curve shall be: Max length t. 2. the acceptable echo heights are reduced from 100% to 50% and from 50% to 20%. Internal defects : I: The echo height exceeds the reference curve: Max length t. Max length 4t.

4. The excavated area shall have smooth transitions to the metal surface and allow good access for both NDT after excavation and subsequent repair welding. 10. If applicable. PWHT shall be performed after repair if specified for the original weld. the repaired area plus at least 100 mm on each side) shall be subjected at least to the same NDT as specified for the original weld. Defects spaced less than 100 mm shall be repaired as one continuous defect. If necessary. the remaining thickness in the ground area shall be measured. measured at defect depth even if the defect itself is smaller. NORSOK standard Page 28 of 36 . complete removal of the defect shall be confirmed by MT or PT.2 Correction of welds containing defects All repairs shall be carried out in accordance with established procedures.3 Repair by welding 10. 2000 10 REPAIR 10. 10. After repair welding the complete weld (i. Cosmetic grinding may be performed at the discretion of the fabricator. Weld defect: Discontinuity with a size and/or density that exceeds the acceptance criteria defined in clause 9. Repair welding is required if the remaining thickness is less than that specified. aided by applicable NDT methods.1 Repair and re-repair welding Before repair welding. Crater cracks may be repaired by grinding followed by NDT and subsequent repair welding according to an accepted repair welding procedure. until the reason for the cracking has been determined. After excavation.3. the defective part of the weld shall be cut out for further examination. When weld defects are removed by grinding only. repair welding or re-welding. the final weld surface and the transition to the base material shall be smooth. Welds containing cracks shall not be repaired.e.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.1 Definitions Weld discontinuities: Irregularities in the body of the weld or on the weld surface classified as either weld imperfection or as weld defect. The excavated groove shall be minimum 50 mm long. Dec. Repair welding may only be carried out twice in the same area. the defect shall be completely removed. Weld imperfection: Discontinuities that are within the acceptance criteria defined in clause 9 and are considered to have no practical limitations on the intended use of the product. Weld imperfections may be left without remedial work. Other defects shall be corrected by grinding. Removal of defects shall be verified by local visual inspection.

should be straightened in accordance with the requirement in clause 6. 10. Parts distorted by welding. 4. NORSOK standard Page 29 of 36 .2 Re-welding Re-welding shall be performed in accordance with the procedures and WPS utilised for the original weld. 2000 10. beyond the tolerances.5 Correction of distortion Improperly fitted parts should be cut apart and re-welded in accordance with the applicable qualified WPS. a separate WPS shall be qualified if required by 5. provided the process/consumable is backed up by other WPAR’s. Mechanical testing may be limited to HAZ Charpy V-notch testing in the original weld. and includes complete removal of the original weld and HAZ. and/or consumable.2.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. For repairs using a different process.3. 10. or a separately qualified procedure. Dec.4 Repair welding procedure Repair and re-re-repair welding may be performed using the same WPS as for the original weld.

using a rotary burr grinder. For removal of undercuts the toe of the weld should be blended in a smooth transition and extended below the plate surface in order to remove the toe defects. S UT O E ID L AL W Remove sharp edges E AC BR T1 T2 = 2mm or 0. Grinding should extend below plate surface to a minimum of 0. Dec. (wichever is less) T3 T4 Rotary burr grinder Remove sharp edges Weld rad. 4. Notes to figures: 1. 3.5 mm below the bottom of any visible undercut and ensuring that no exposed defects remain. Upon completion of blending of toe the whole of the ground surface shall be inspected with 100% visual examination and 100% MT. Ground surface shall be free of any cracks or cracklike indications. (wichever is less) chord wall TYP.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. 2. Grinding marks should run at right angels to weld axis and under no circumstances parallel to it. 2000 ANNEX A 1 .05 x T3 max. 5. 4. Minimum radii of weld profiles after blending should not be less than 10 mm.TYPICAL GRINDING DETAILS FOR HIGH FATIGUE UTILISATION (INFORMATIVE) TYPICAL GRINDING DETAILS FOR HIGH FATIGUE UTILISATION T4= 2mm or 0. TUBULAR JOINT GRINDING DETAIL Blend out to remove edge on undercut Grinding direct ion Maximum depth below plate surface for blend is not to exceed 1. NORSOK standard Page 30 of 36 . and there shall be no evidence of undercut or overlap.5mm Remove ov erlap flush with plate surface TYP BUTT WELD JOINT GRINDING DETAIL . 05 x T1 max.

including: grinding details as tools.1 General Peening of local area as weld toe or weld trasition is an acceptable method to improve fatigue life of structures.2. For local toe peening a single tool hammer is recommended. Both grinding and peening require skills and preparations not normally available in fabrication yards. preferably by stone grinding. Dec. 4. 2000 ANNEX A 2 . performance and documentation A complete responsibility and personnel matrix Statement on expected or required improvements Detailed work instructions Documentation on operators experience. Special tools with adjusted curvature shall be prepared in accordance with weld geometry. A. Applicable tool for peening is normally pneumatic hammers.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. tests or other relevant information As built record index for the final DFI resume As preparation for peening the surface shall be dressed in a way that makes lack of coverage detectable. All traces from previous grinding shall be completely removed. radius. Single hammer peening shall result in a fully covered hammered groove where the surface is smooth with uniform indentation. NORSOK standard Page 31 of 36 . The depth of the groove is approximately 0.5 mm below the original surface. depth and direction tools to be used for peening method. All surface defects shall be removed by grinding prior to peening. intensity and extent of peening quality control measures documentation of performance and results Verification of performance such as experiments. Peening is applied together with grinding where grinding serves the purposes to remove stress risers such as surface defects and to define a steering grove for the tool in the area to be peened.TYPICAL PEENING DETAILS FOR HIGH FATIGUE UTILISATION (INFORMATIVE) A. skill or training Selection of peening methods to be applied Detailed mark up drawings showing all areas of application Detailed stepwise procedure for the work.2. Correct tool is essential to maintain correct peening in compliance with requirements. Needle peening shall be applied with a coverage of minimum 200 %.2 Requirements for application When peening is planned for the following preparations are required : • • • • • • • • ! ! ! ! ! • • Nomination of responsible engineer for preparations. Applicable tool for grinding is normally a rotary burr or stone of 6 to 8 mm diameter when a single tool hammer is used and 10 to 12 mm when a needle hammer is used. Due to the dependancy of correct performance specific precautions shall be taken when peening is planned for. A needle hammer is normally used when a wider area shall be covered.

Dec. NORSOK standard Page 32 of 36 . Groove depth measuring tools and macro photo is normally applied. 2000 Devices for quality control and documentation shall be thoroughly selected. Reference specimens shall be prepared for comparison between ground and final peened surfaces.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. 4.

4. MDS NUMBER AND STEEL GRADE/DESIGNATIONS (NORMATIVE) Steel NORSOK quality MDS No.CORRELATION BETWEEN STEEL QUALITY LEVEL. Reference No. NORSOK standard Page 33 of 36 . level Note 1 Y20 Y21 Y22 Y30 Y31 Y32 I Y40 Y41 Y42 Y50 Y51 Y52 Y70 Y25 Y26 Y27 Y28 Y35 Y36 Y37 Y45 II Y46 Y47 Y55 Y56 Y57 Y70 Y05 Y06 III Y07 Y08 Y15 Y16 Rev. Dec. 2000 ANNEX B . standard 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Product type Plates Rolled sections Seamless tubulars Plates Rolled sections Seamless tubulars Plates Rolled sections Seamless tubulars Plates Rolled sections Seamless tubulars Plates Plates Rolled sections Seamless tubulars Welded tubulars Plates Rolled sections Seamless tubulars Plates Rolled sections Seamless tubulars Plates Rolled sections Seamless tubulars Plates Plates and sections Tubulars Hot finished tubulars Cold formed tubulars Plates and sections Cold formed tubulars Steel grade Former Steel grade S355N4z/M4z S355N3z/M3z S355Q3z/N3z S420Q3z/M3z S420M3z S420Q3 (z mod) S460Q3zM3z S460M3z S460Q3(z-mod) S500Q3z/M3z S500M3z S500Q3(z-mod) S355N4/M4 S355N3/M3 S355Q3/N3 S420Q3/M3 S420M3 S420Q3 S460Q3/M3 S460M3 S460Q3 S500Q3/M3 S500M3 S500Q3 prEN 10225 prEN 10225 EN 10113 prEN 10225 EN 10210 EN 10219 En 10113 EN 10219 EN 10025 IV Y01 3 EN 10210 EN 10219 S355G10+N/G10+M S355G12+N/G12+M S355G15+Q/G15+N S420G2+Q/G2+M S420G4+M S420G6+Q(mod) S460G2+Q/G2+M S460G4+M S460G6+Q(mod) S500G2+Q/G2+M S500G4+M S500G6+Q(mod) S690+Q S355G9+N/G9+M S355G11+N/G11+M S355G14+Q/G14+N S355G13+N S420G1+Q/G1+M S420G3+M S420G6+Q S460G1+Q/G1+M S460G3+M S460G6+Q S500G1+Q/G1+M S500G3+M S500G6+Q S690+Q S355NL/ML S355G1+N S355NH S355MLH S420NL/ML S420MLH S235JRG2 Plates and sections S275JR S355J0 S235JRH Hot finished tubulars S275J0H S355J0H S235JRH Cold formed tubulars S275J0H S355J2H Note 1 NORSOK Material data sheets are published in NORSOK standard M-120.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.

as applicable: • Chemical analysis limits for solid wires and metal powders. For SAW fluxes the analysis shall be given as ranges for all main ingredient and flux basicity. For information also typical weld metal analysis. Minimum: C. Mo.1 SCOPE The purpose of certification is to verify that each batch of consumables has a chemical composition within limits as specified by the supplier in conformance with a recognised classification standard. The analysis shall include limits for all elements specified in the relevant classification standard and/or intentionally added and for residual elements known to influence weld metal quality. except for solid wire (GTAW. Si. By controlled and certified chemistry the supplier also confirms that mechanical properties of the weld metal fulfil the minimum requirements specified for the product. issued as a controlled document within the suppliers quality system. Cr. Nb. For information also specified limits for S. originating from the same heat. Cu. 2000 ANNEX C . If the consumable shall be used for welds in PWHT condition. Mn. determined under defined reference conditions. Dec.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. SAW). deposited according to EN 26847. The data sheet shall give guaranteed limits and/or minimum values for composition and mechanical properties. The purchaser shall base his selection.QUALIFICATION OF WELDING CONSUMABLES BY DATA SHEETS (NORMATIVE) C. manufactured in one continuous run from batch controlled raw materials. using a relevant shielding gas or flux. then the properties shall also be documented in PWHT condition in addition to the as-welded condition. Specifically this shall include. V. where one diameter may represent all. NORSOK standard Page 34 of 36 . P and N in the core wire or strip. S. • Chemical analysis limits of weld metal from coated electrodes and cored wires. Each individual consumable (brand name and dimension) shall be certified per batch.2 DATA SHEET Each welding consumable or combination of consumables shall have a unique data sheet. P. 4. GMAW. For this specification a batch (or lot) is defined as the volume of product identified by the supplier under one unique batch/lot number. Ni. C. ordering and receiving of consumables upon reviewed and accepted data sheets.

For information also typical properties of a relevant butt weld should be added. deposited and tested according to prEN 1597 part 1 and including tensile strength. 4. C. to be supported by separate test reports as required and agreed..1. NORSOK standard Page 35 of 36 . as applicable. The chemical elements shall conform to those of the data sheets. • Diffusible hydrogen content HDM max. based on specific or nonspecific type of control. Other tests may also be agreed between supplier and purchaser. restricted welding parameters etc. yield strength elongation. 2000 • Mechanical properties (range or/and guaranteed minimum) of the weld. notch toughness Charpy-V at -40ºC. containing as a minimum the specific tested chemical composition of the wire or weld metal.3 CERTIFICATE Every batch of consumables shall be supplied with an inspection certificate 3.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. required to ensure this value in practice. as required for correct application and use of the product. • When relevant for the product. EN 10204). storage etc. Certificates shall be actively used by the purchaser to control received consumables against the accepted data sheet. with a statement “below specified maximum” acceptable for residual elements. including any information on drying. basic information about CTOD properties. relevant approvals and information on packing. Data sheets shall also contain product classification according to recognised standards. The supplier may optionally add information about mechanical properties.B. Full conformance of chemical composition shall be required to release each batch for fabrication welding. (Ref. Dec.

D. The need for other types of tests shall be evaluated for the application in question. SAW fluxes do not require individual testing. yield strength and elongation.2 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Unless otherwise specified the properties shall represent all weld metal. • Impact strength Charpy-V. deposited according to EN 26847. with respect to chemistry and mechanical properties. For coated electrodes and cored wires the analysis shall represent the weld metal.1B to EN 10204. nominal batch of flux. except for solid wire originating from the same heat. 4.WELDING CONSUMABLE DOCUMENTED BY BATCH TESTING (NORMATIVE) D. Properties tested shall include: • Tensile strength. • Mechanical properties in the PWHT condition. with reference to a recognised product classification standard and containing all specified test results. The analysis shall include: • All elements specified in the relevant classification standard and /or intentionally added. such as: • Mechanical properties based on a defined butt weld rather than all weld metal test. Each individual product (brand name and dimensions) shall be tested once per batch. • The main impurities S. 2000 ANNEX D . • Testing of hydrogen level.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. deposited and tested according to prEN 1597 part1. NORSOK standard Page 36 of 36 . where one diameter may represent all. For this specification a batch (or lot) is defined as the volume of product identified by the supplier under one unique batch/lot number. manufactured in one continuous run from batch controlled raw materials. Dec. at temperatures -40ºC. or as specified by purchaser. Chemical Analysis For solid wires and metal powders the analysis shall represent the product itself. P and N. while SAW wires shall be tested in combination with a selected.1 SCOPE The purpose of the batch testing is to verify that the consumables remains nominally equivalent to that used for welding procedure qualification.3 DOCUMENTATION Batch tests shall be documented by an inspection certificate 3. D. • CTOD testing.

7.1 E.5.3 Tubulars E.4.9 Curved and cylindrical shell E.1 I / H.5.3 E.3 E.7.5 Girder Nodes E.5.4.5. STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS DEFINITIONS GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Implementation policy of requirements Procedures and documents Qualification of inspectors Instrument reliability Reference temperature Control methods Interface criteria’s Alignment Requirement 38 38 38 39 39 40 40 40 40 41 43 43 44 44 45 46 49 50 52 53 55 56 56 57 57 58 63 64 65 65 65 65 65 65 65 E.2 Box Girders E.5.4 E.5 E.7 Tubular Nodes E.5 FABRICATION TOLERANCES FOR STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS E.6 Box Nodes E.6.2 E.1 E.6.6 E.4.4.5.6.4 E.8 SCOPE AND OBJECTIVES CODES.7 E.5.1 E. 4.4 E.7.3 E.10 Conical transitions E.7.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. Nov.5.6 ASSEMBLY TOLERANCES Topsides and modules Jacket and other tubular frame structures Floating production units Subsea structures FABRICATION TOLERANCES FOR SPECIAL ITEMS Crane Pedestal Skid Beams Outfitting Structure Installation Aids Grillages Cranes NORSOK standard Page 37 of 65 .5.7.FABRICATION TOLERANCES (NORMATIVE) CONTENTS E. 2000 ANNEX E .5 E.1 E.4.4.4.4 E.2 E.4.7.5.6 E.2 E.8 Cast and Forged Elements E.3 E.7 E.Girders E.4 Panels E.6.2 E.

STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS Reference standards for this annex are: ISO-8062 Castings . 4. Note: Opposed to straightness deviation. The intention of this annex is to give dimensional tolerances which will ascertain that: • The calculated strength and fatigue resistance is present in the structures • Items and structures can be assembled without dimensional rework • All parts of the structures are suitable for their intended use • The structures are thrustworthy relative to measurements given on the structural drawings • The relevant components tolerances are achieved and maintained after the components final incorporation in the completed structure(s) E. These will. angles or irregularities from an unloaded structure.System of dimensional tolerances and machining ENV 1090-1 1995 for Cranes. Deflection: Load imposed curves.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. specify stricter tolerances and additional tolerances.2 CODES.1 SCOPE AND OBJECTIVES This annex defines the maximum allowable dimensional tolerances for offshore steel items and structures. Execution of steel structures . bends. Note: It should be observed that the requirement to fabrication tolerances in this annex may be more strict than the manufacturing tolerances for steel products according to M-120. however.Part 1: General E.3 DEFINITIONS Terminology used in conjunction with this annex: AFC drawing: Engineering drawings formally approved for construction. The Designer may. NORSOK standard Page 38 of 65 . Nov. 2000 E. in case take presedence over this annex. Centreline: A real or imaginary line that is equidistant from the surface or sides of the (measured) object. Flatness: Flatness is here defined as vertical offset at any point from a plane parallel with the surveyed object.

NORSOK standard Page 39 of 65 . The grid system defines the 3D position of any item within a completed structure. The allowable tolerances given for individual members shall not cumulate to give unacceptable deviation for the finished section or complete structure. 2000 Grid System: The grid system is defined as the design reference system for all parts. Nov. and in determined distances from grid lines. angles or irregularities from a straight generator. Reference Lines: Reference lines are marked lines on construction parts and assemblies. specification of detailed and more stringent tolerances for each fabrication and erection sequence may be necessary in order to meet the requirements of this annex in the completed structure. east and height coordinates • Longitudinal. Specification of detailed and more stringent tolerances for intermediate and final interfaces may also be necessary in order to meet the requirements of this annex in the completed structure. For single elements to be parts of complex structures. Note: Straightness deviation is regarded to be fabrication imposed irregularities and not caused by elastic deformation. The grid system is normally denoted in one of the following manners: • x. Work Point: A marked or imaginary point on a member or structure from which dimensions shall be related. Such tolerances shall be presented in the plan/scope of work for fabrication. transversal and elevation coordinates.4.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.4 E. Position Deviation: The specified point's actual position relative to it's nominal position. components and elements of a completed structure. Straightness Deviation: Curves. Survey Reference System A reference system constituting of fixed and coordinate determined points. bends. 4. y and z coordinates. (Measured value minus nominal value equals deviation). • North. The grid system defines the design origo (location and elevation datum) for a structure. and where the location and elevation of the fixed points are identifiable relative to the grid system. from where surveys can be performed.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Implementation policy of requirements The tolerances given in this annex shall be applied for completed structures. The reference lines shall be parallel to. E.

4. Nov.3 Qualification of inspectors Personnel responsible for dimensional control activities shall have a minimum background of at least 5 years relevant experience in industrial surveying. C. The detailed deviation reports shall be available at all stages in fabrication. 4. If no appropriate tolerance is stated in this document. and shall be submitted on request.4 Instrument reliability All instruments used shall be in accurate permanent adjustment. 2000 If tolerances given for individual sections and components are conflicting. enabling them to perform all necessary controls of own work performance. Dimensional inspection procedures relevant for the structures and any additional specifications needed to those included in this document. E. The plan shall assure that all allowable tolerances for individual elements are not cumulative to the extent of exceeding the allowable tolerance for the complete structure. and subsequent calculations. Personnel monitoring dimensions and tolerances shall have relevant training in use and understanding of instruments.4. techniques and dimensional control to assure that all structures can be fabricated and assembled to dimensions within the specified tolerances.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.4. E. subject drawings or other regulations/guidelines for the structural fabrication. the tolerance requirements shall be agreed. NORSOK standard Page 40 of 65 .2 Procedures and documents The following procedures and documents shall be prepared: Plan for fabrication and erection including methods.5 Reference temperature Reference temperature for survey activities should be +20 deg. The following documents shall be prepared prior to start of fabrication: • Plan for dimensional assurance/inspection • Dimensional inspection procedures During fabrication and erection deviations outside the specified tolerances shall be identified and informed of in advance of the formal handling of deviations.4. those tolerances representing the stricter values shall be governing. All tolerance requirements are based on nominal values on unloaded structure. have current valid control certificates and be subject to a programme of periodic checking. E. E. Final documentation shall be prepared in correspondence with the requirements for as built documentation and fabrication record.

The system's elevation shall be positive upward. Permanent survey stations shall be properly constructed and be protected from disturbance. but the final as built survey shall be related to the platform grid system.4. 4. The permanent survey stations shall be rechecked periodically.6 Control methods E. if ship). At all stages during fabrication and erection. the proposed survey methods shall be described. For components to be assembled. The system's east axis shall be positive toward east (or starboard. shall be established. The numerical value should be the same for all disciplines and packages. dimensions shall be computed to the reference temperature and this shall be annotated on any subsequently produced document or report. NORSOK standard Page 41 of 65 .4. 2000 The field work temperature shall as a minimum be noted on all dimensional reports. E. the Contractor shall ensure that the survey reference system and the fabricated item shall be in correct position relative to each other. The system's north axis shall be positive toward platform north (or bow. Nov. built under significantly different temperature conditions.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. if ship). and the same orientation directions of the system axis as the grid system. the reference system must be adjusted to this fabrication situation.1 Reference System Prior to fabrication a survey reference system related to the grid system. All additional or rechecked surveys shall be properly documented. For special structures such as jackets being built laying down. For components where the tolerance of the product are less than ±2 mm. or whenever additional permanent survey stations are established.6. The survey reference system shall use the same numerical values. when this is necessary for future use of the report and the component surveyed. The survey reference system should be established within the following tolerances: Sections/complete structures: ±3 mm Stricter survey reference system tolerances shall be used on components where the requirements of the final product are more stringent than the above tolerance.

Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. if relevant for the remaining steps of the construction. 4. All primary datum work points on the structure shall be set out using accepted engineering surveying techniques consistent with the tolerances required by this annex. NORSOK standard Page 42 of 65 . if relevant for the remaining steps of the construction. E.4. nodes and other structures shall be properly and clearly marked relative to the grid system at all interfaces.6-1 Principal reference system Figure E. which are relevant for the remaining steps of the construction.6. shall be marked and identified. Nov.4. E. The layout of the reference system may be specially designed to suit the task at hand and the methods chosen for controls. E.4. bulkheads etc. Location of hidden stiffeners.2 Marking criteria’s During layout and assembly of each structural item all work points and centrelines. The methods and equipment used must enable verification of the survey accuracy.4. boxes. indicates sample of applicable and practical reference systems.3 Accuracy Surveys shall be performed using survey techniques and technology which enables the achievement of a survey accuracy better than the specified tolerances. 2000 Fig.1. All girders.6. shall be marked on the outside of the structure to ensure a correct assembly.6.

8-1) e e t1 t2 t3 ≤ t1/2 (mm). 4.4.7 Interface criteria’s All non-adjustable interfaces and interfaces deemed critical prior to erection shall be surveyed and documented.8-1 Cruciform joints NORSOK standard Page 43 of 65 . 2000 All activities related to measurement and inspection of dimensions and tolerances shall take into account the effects of self weight while the structure is under fabrication. E. (ref. for t2 ≤ 20 mm ≤ t1/2 (mm).4. A comparison of the interface results prior to erection shall be performed and necessary actions in order to meet the global requirements shall be carried out. maximum 8 mm. maximum 5 mm. figure 4. for t2 > 20 mm = smaller thickness in mm of non-continuous plate = thickness in mm of continuous plate = larger thickness in mm of non-continuous plate e = 2m + t3 . E.8 Alignment Requirement Requirements to alignments with regard to eccentricity of butt joints and cruciform joints are as follows: a) Butt-joints Reference is made to table 9.4. E. b) Cruciform Joints Eccentricity of non-continuous plating in cruciform joints shall not exceed the following requirements.3.t1 2 m = misalignment e = eccentricity Fig. Nov.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.

15 ±0.Girders Figure 5.1 FABRICATION TOLERANCES FOR STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS I / H.1-1C Fig.5 ±0.25 ±0.75 ±2.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.8 ±1.0 ±0. 4. E.5 E.5.1-1A 5.1-1B 5.1-1B 5. Nov.1-1B flange Twisting of section 5.3 ±0. Deviation mm ±10 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±10 ±3 ±10 ±3 ±10 Type of deviation Lateral or vertical deflection Length Height Width Inclination of web Eccentricity of web 5. 2000 E.1-1 I-/H-Girders tolerance references NORSOK standard Page 44 of 65 .1-1B on flange Buckling of web 5.1-1A 5. length ±0.1-1B Notation f L H B V V1 V3 V2 d5 Ref. Length L L H B H H H B/2 L Allow % of ref.10 Max.5.1-1B Curvature/rotation 5.

W Ref.2-1D 5. mm ±3 ±3 ±3 ±3 ±10 ±10 ±5 ±6 Type of deviation Position deviation at end/interface section Length Height Width Out of straightness Buckling of plates Pos.2 Box Girders Figure 5.5 Max Dev.25 ±0. 4.5 ±0.15 ±0.2-1E Notation d1 L H B d2 d3 d4 d5 Ref. Centre Lines H Allow % of ref.5. 2000 E. Nov. Length ±0.2-1C 5.1-1B 5.5.2-1 Box Girders tolerance references NORSOK standard Page 45 of 65 . Centre Lines L H B L H.2-1A 5.1-1A 5.2-1B 5. deviation of load bearing stiffeners inclusive inclination Twisting Fig. Length Ref.3 ±0. E.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.1-1B 5.

3-1): • Measured at joints or within ±610 mm from the joint (Zone A in Figure 5. Above 12 m length max. both beeing determined from the optimum centre of the tubular.3-2) c) Out of circularity: Circularity is defined as the difference between the actual and the average radius. d) Straightness: The maximum allowable deviation from straightness in any 3 m increment of length shall be 3 mm.3-1).Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. 4. 2000 E. allowable deviation is 12 mm.5. whichever is the least. Out of straightness shall be checked on two longitudinal planes separated by 90°. (Ref. the tubular shall be delivered within following tolerances: • Unbevelled ends: La ≥ Ln +25 mm • Bevelled ends: La = Ln ± 5 mm f) Tube ends: The tube ends shall be perpendicular to the longitudinal axis within the following tolerances: • Unbevelled ends: • Bevelled ends: NORSOK standard 5 mm 3 mm Page 46 of 65 .001 x L. a) Circumference: The external circumference shall not depart from the nominal external circumference by more than the following (Ref. shall not exceed 0. The straightness deviation over tube length (L). Nov.25% of ODn. Maximum difference is not to be more than 0. Figure 5. b) Out-of Roundness (Ovality): Ovality is defined as the difference between the measured maximum and minimum internal (or external) diameters and shall not be more than 1% of the nominal OD (ODn) or 8 mm.3-1): of the nominal wall thickness or ±10 mm whichever is the smallest. with maximum 10 mm deviation for lengths up to 12 m. e) Length: Unless otherwise noted.3 Tubulars The allowable tolerance given for individual tubular segments shall not be cumulative for the finished tubular. Figure 5. • The tolerances in (i) may be increased by 50% for the remaining length of the tubular (Zone B in Figure 5.

Local straightness shall be checked on the inside or outside of tubulars with a nominal external diameter greater than 2000 mm or with a nominal external diameter to nominal wall thickness ratio greater than 65. 5.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. Above tubular tolerances apply to welded and not seamless tubulars.3-1 Tubulars . 4.3-2 Tubulars . This tolerance shall not exceed 20% of the wall thickness.3-3). Fig. 2000 g) Local out-of roundness: The local out-of roundness shall not deviate from the theoretical curvature by more than e=0.Ovality tolerance Page 47 of 65 NORSOK standard .5. h) Local Out-Of Straightness: Local straightness is defined as the deviation of the shell plate from a straight generator of length (L) parallel to the true centre line of the tubular. Nov. E.5.002 x ODn (ref. fig. E. These checks shall be carried out at 45° intervals of arc with L= 3 m.Circumfential tolerance Fig. The local out-of roundness shall be measured inside or outside over 20° of the circumference.

4.5. 2000 Fig. Nov. E.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.Local out-of roundness references NORSOK standard Page 48 of 65 .3-3 Tubulars .

5 ±15 ±5 g1 g2 g3 W Grid system Hg 0. % Max. E. between 5.4-1 5. mm Type of deviation Figure PANEL SHEET: Out of plane straightness.4-1 Deck panels tolerance references Page 49 of 65 NORSOK standard .4-1 5.8 ±0.4-1 p1 p2 W W1 ±0.75 5. sagging/hogging. 2000 E. Nov.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.15 ±0.4-1 girders Local buckles between stiffeners 5.15% ±10 ±10 ±10 ±10 ±0. Allow.4-1 GIRDERS/ STIFFENERS: Out of straightness in X and Y direction Position deviation Inclination Out of straightness of web normal to web (web buckles) 5. 4.5.5. dev.4-1 g4 Hg .4 Panels Notation Ref. W1 Fig.

deviation stiffeners inclusive inclination Position deviation column interfaces Baseplate flatness /rotation rel.1 Max.5-1A.5-1A 5.5.5-1B Notation d1 f f1 s d2 d3 b1 d4 Ref.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. 5.Centre Line Ref. Centre Line Ref.to Z axis Pos. length ±0.5-1B 5.5-1C 5. 5. 2000 E.5-1 Girder nodes tolerance references NORSOK standard Page 50 of 65 .5-1B. deviation mm ±5 ±5 ±5 ±5 ±5 ±5 ±2 ±3 Type of deviation Position deviation of interfaces Lateral and vertical straightness of node Lateral and vertical straightness of stiffeners Height of node Pos. Centre Line L L.5.15 ±0.H Ref.5 Girder Nodes Figure 5. Centre Line Ref.5-1C 5. 5.5-1C 5.5-1B.deviation baseplate relative to Z axis Fig. Nov. 4.5-1A 5.5-1B 5.Centre Line Allow % of ref. length Ref. E.

4. E.5-1 Girder nodes tolerances NORSOK standard Page 51 of 65 . 2000 Fig. Nov.5.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.

6-1C 5. Length Ref. 5.6 Box Nodes Figure 5. deviation mm ±3 ±10 ±10 ±5 ±5 ±5 Type of deviation Position deviation of main box interface Out of straightness Buckling of plates Radial and tangential stub end deviation Pos. Nov. 5.6.6-1E.6-1F Notation d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 Ref. 4.6-1A 5.6-1E 5.6-1D 5. deviation of load bearing stiffeners incl.1 Box nodes tolerance references Page 52 of 65 NORSOK standard .5% Max.5. W Ref. Centre line Ref.6-1B 5.6-1C.10% ±0. Centre Line L H. inclination Offset of centrelines at centre of node Fig. 2000 E. length ± 0.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. E. Centre Line Allow of ref. Centre Line Ref.5.

length Allow of ref.2° from the stub angle specified on the design drawings. For stubs longer than 1 stub diameter.7-1B 5.7 Tubular Nodes Figure Notation Ref.7-1A 5.5% 1.7-2 l2 l1 p V ∆α E 5.7-1A 5. Nov.7-1B 5.5. 4.7-1B 5. length L2 L1 Grid system Grid system Lx h b 1.7-2 5. 2000 E.0% 1.5.7-1A 5.2° of arc Max.7-1A 5.7-1C 5.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. deviation mm +25 -0 +10 -0 ±3 ±6 ±6 Type of deviation Overlength of stub Overlength of node can barrel Stub ends perpendicularity Radial and tangential stub end/ node cans position Position of intersection point node can / stub Internal stiffeners -Position -Inclination of web -Flange width -Bow of web -Rotation of flange -Eccentricity of flange on web -Height of stiffeners Local straightness of stubs/barrel Straightness of barrel 5.3 NORSOK standard Page 53 of 65 .7-1A P M B N ±5 ±5 ±3 ±6 ±6 ±6 +10/-3 8 10 The centre line of stub shall be within 0. Tolerance for: • • • • Circumference Out-of Roundness (Ovality) Local out-of roundness Out-of circularity are defined in Section E.7-1A 5. Maximum position deviation measured at the intersection of stub end / node can shall be ±6 mm.0% Wall thickness L 25% 1/1200 0.7-1B 5.7-1B 5. the position deviation between can and stub may be taken at the 1 diameter location.

B (tolerance references) Fig. C (tolerance references . Nov.5. A Fig. 2000 Fig. 4.7-1 Tubular nodes NORSOK standard Page 54 of 65 .internal stiffeners) Fig. E.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.

NORSOK standard Page 55 of 65 .8 Node stub location Cast and Forged Elements All relevant tolerances regarding these elements’ geometry i. 4. shall be properly marked on each element interface(s) to adjacent main steel. rib centrelines etc.e. The nominal axes. Nov.5. E.7-2 E.5. 2000 Fig. work points. hole positions.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. web and rib positions shall be specified on the design drawings. flatness.

5. the maximum deviation from the nominal radius shall not exceed the value: δ=| ra . E.005 r where ra= Actual distance from the cylinder axis to the cone wall r = Nominal radius at cone end Requirements for internal stiffeners shall be in accordance with table 5.7. The maximum deviation from the nominal radius. measured at ringstiffeners or at bulkheads shall not exceed the value: δ ra r = = = | ra . special care shall be taken that the parent plate edges are located within prepared face of casting / forging. NORSOK standard Page 56 of 65 . Sylindrical shells. E.5.005 r actual distance from the cylinder axis to the shell wall nominal radius of the shell Components defined as Cylindrical Shell to be specified on design drawings. See also ISO-8062 standard for tolerances. 2000 During installation of cast and forged items.10 Conical transitions At both ends of a cone.r| <= 0. 4.9 Curved and cylindrical shell For elements including curved shells (such as semi submersible’s pontoons) special dimensional procedures shall be implemented for measurement and computing.r| <= 0. Nov.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.

1-1 6. 2000 E. deviation mm ±10 ±6 ±10 ±10 ±5 Type of deviation Position of any point of main steel Position of support node 2) Position of lifting node Elevation of decks and mezz. Nov. E. NOTES: 1) Maximum allowable deviation shall also apply to mating surface level at stab-in onto jacket legs.1-1 6. H2. Z2 H1. decks sag. Fig.6.6 E./hog.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.1-1 X1.1-1 6. H3 H Grid system Grid system Grid system Grid system Grid system For truss frames without any defined support points the elevation reference should be based on a mean of all levelled points on main steel.1-1 Topside and module tolerance references Page 57 of 65 NORSOK standard . Footings deviation from elevation reference 1) 6.1-1 6. Allowable % of ref. Z2 X2.1 ASSEMBLY TOLERANCES Topsides and modules Figure Notation Ref. Y2.6. 4. Y2.Y1 X2. 2) Includes Main Support Frame (MSF) stab-in nodes and module footing nodes. length Max.

2.2 Jacket and other tubular frame structures E.6. Nov. mm ±12 ±6 ±20 12 ±6 6 6. Grid system Max.1 Assembly tolerances Type of deviation Position deviation of centre of nodes Rotation of node Distance deviation between two nodes Diagonal distance between coloumn in each hor.1-B/C 6.1-A Notation ∆x.1-C ∆f ∆f L L Grid system X±10 X±L/1000 ±15 NOTE: Local tolerances for sliding and pivoting ends shall be specified on the structural drawings.2.1-A 6. ∆y S Ref. plane Position of leg ring stiffeners and diaphragms Inclination of ringstiffeners Straightness of legs / chords Straightness of braces Position of intersecting braces Figure 6.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. NORSOK standard Page 58 of 65 .2. dev.2.2.6.2. 4. 2000 E.1-A 6.

2000 Fig.2-1 Jacket and tubular frame structures .6.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. E. 4.assembly tolerances NORSOK standard Page 59 of 65 . Nov.

mm ±6 ±8 ±12 Horizontal position deviation of centre of stab-in cans 6. 2) The jacket legs shall by preference be cut within above tolerances after grout is cured.2 Distance between centre of column to centre of any column at stab-in cans Jacket: Mating surface level at stab-in MSF: 6. Interface Jacket/MSF Type of deviation Figure Notation Reference Max.6. ref. If survey of the deck footings show out-of acceptable elevation/flatness tolerances.2.3b Grid system ±6 1) The position of the stab-in cans shall.2. Nov. if the situation allowes.2.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.2 Distance between centre of column to centre of any column at stab-in cans Ovality of stab-in can Horizontal position deviation of caissons. J-tube NOTES: L Grid system 2) F L ±3 ±6 As in section E.1. 2000 E.2 Vx.6. the measured deviations shall be considered incorporated when cutting the legs in order to minimise loads due to differential settlements in footings. NORSOK standard Page 60 of 65 .2. be related to the topside stab-in cones with the tolerances stated above. dev. risers.5. 4.2 Final Tolerances for Jacket. Vy V= √ (Vx²+Vy²) F Grid system 1) Jacket: 6. Section E.

Nov. 2000 Fig. Sleeves.2-2 Final tolerance jacket interface jacket/MSF E. Local alignment of sleeves 20 mm. E.6. Radius of spacer plates ±5 mm.2.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev.3 Guides. NORSOK standard Page 61 of 65 . Piles and clamps The position deviation of the centre of pile guides/sleeves shall be ±25 mm related to the coordinate system. 4.6.

mm.5.4 Piles Type of deviation Figure Notation Ref. and ±15 mm for the other elevations related to the same coordinate system.2.6.2. The maximum deviation of any conductor guide from the optimised centreline through all conductor guides.6.4 6. shall not vary more than ±15 mm.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. 2000 E. 4. Fig. E. Max. see E. NORSOK standard Page 62 of 65 . dev.4 d1 d2 P As specified on drawing As specified on drawing As specified on drawing ±50 Length Diameter between spacerplates Diameter in driving head End perpendicularity in driving head Pile markings For general tolerances. ±100 6.2.4 6.5 Conductor Guides The position deviation of the centre of the conductor guides shall be ±10 mm related to the coordinate system for top el.2-4 Piles tolerance references E.6.3 Tubulars. Nov.2.2.

6. mm ±15 ±30 ±5 Local grid system Fig.3 Figure Floating production units Notation Ref.1-1 Semi submerisibles / tension leg platforms.6.3. 4. 2000 E. Max.2.1-1 6. dev. E.6 Appurtenances Caissons.1-1 6.3.3.1-2 6. Global grid system Max.3.3.3.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. J-tubes and risers.6.1-2 6. Global tolerance NORSOK standard Page 63 of 65 .1-3 Ref. Nov.dev. mm ±25 E.6.1 Semi submersibles and tension leg platforms Overall hull / substructure tolerances: Type of deviation Global position of column top / bottom Distance between top / bottom of two columns Local position of column top / bottom Figure 6. Type of deviation Length E.3.

E. E.3.3. Local tolerance Ships should be fabricated using a grid system with origo in the aft perpendicular.4 Subsea structures Subsea structures should be fabricated according to tolerances given on drawings.1-2 Semi submerisibles / tension leg platforms.4. 2000 Fig.1 should be permanently marked onboard the ship. 4.6.2 Ship Semi submerisibles / tension leg platforms.6.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. NORSOK standard Page 64 of 65 . Global tolerance Fig.3 of this annex.6. and in accordance with section E. E. Based on the grid system a reference system according to section E.6.1-3 E.6.3. Nov.

have smooth transitions and be level to the eye. (Ref.7 E. taking into account the structural aspects as well as the mechanical functional tolerances and equipment interface tolerances. or specified elsewhere.7. 4. 2000 E. fabrication work shall be accurate to within 10 mm of all nominal dimensions.8) Specific tolerance requirements shall be shown on respective drawings and shall be mandatory.7. section E.1 FABRICATION TOLERANCES FOR SPECIAL ITEMS Crane Pedestal Crane pedestal tolerances shall be specified in a separate document to be prepared by the designer. Wherever tolerances are not shown on the drawings.6 Cranes Reference standard: ENV 1090-1 applies.7.7. the toprail shall be continuous. The difference in elevation of deck plates and/or grating at joints shall not exceed 2 mm.3 • • • • • • • • Outfitting Structure This section covers all primary and secondary outfitting structures.5 Grillages Load out grillage. and shall be mandatory.7. E. Installation Aids E.7. Fabrication of handrails shall be performed to such a degree of accuracy that when erected. barge grillage and seafastening shall be fabricated and installed in accordance with acceptable tolerances for relevant structures/elements defined in this document. E. Members in the vertical plane shall not be out of plumb by more than 6 mm on each 3000 mm section and not more than 26 mm over the total height of the structure.4 Installation aid structures such as primary and secondary guides and bumpers shall be fabricated and installed in accordance with acceptable tolerances for relevant elements/structures defined in this document. Landing and stairway locations shall not deviate more than 25 mm from the dimensions shown on the AFC drawings. Specific tolerance requirements are shown on respective drawings. E. taking into account the structural aspects as well as the mechanical functional tolerances and equipment interface tolerances. Plates and gratings shall be without visible warping.2 Skid Beams Skid beam tolerances shall be specified in a separate document to be prepared by the designer.Structural steel fabrication M-101 Rev. straight. E.4. Matching holes for bolted connections shall not exceed 2 mm difference in location. Nov. NORSOK standard Page 65 of 65 .

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