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The Annapurna Base Camp

The Annapurna Base Camp is situated in Annapurna region .The region is situated towards the
north of central Nepal and is regarded as one of the world's best trekking trails. The route to
the original Annapurna Base Camp was discovered by Frenchman Maurice Herzog and his team
in 1950. The Annapurna Base Camp trek leads to a natural amphitheater that is used as the
base camp from which climbers start on their way to conquer the Annapurna peak. The peak
reaches 8091 meters above sea level, and the base camp's altitude is 4130 meters above sea
level.

Annapurna Sanctuary, at the head of the Modi Khola , beneath the rock face and snow fields of
Annapurna South Glacier, is a picturesque valley, first discovered in 1957 by Jimmy Roberts. Ten
peaks of 600-800m rises from it. Machhapuchhare looks breathtaking from this viewpoint as
also the south face of Annapurna. The Sanctuary fall within the area managed by the
Annapurna Conservation Area Project(ACAP).

ACAP was established in 1986 under the guidance of the King Mahendra Trust for Nature
Conservation. The project encompasses more than 7600 sq km. of the Annapurna range. ACAP
projects include the training of lodge owners, with an emphasis on sanitation, deforestation
and cultural pride. They have trained trekking lodge operators and encouraged hoteliers to
charge a fair price for food and accommodation. ACAP encourages the use of kerosene for
cooking and made its use compulsory above Chhomrong in the Annapurna Sanctuary and on the
route between Ghandruk and Ghorapani. ACAP is supported by a "conservation fee" that is
collected from all trekkers who obtain trekking permits for the Annapurna region

About Annapurna Region, In a Nutshell: Named after the Hindu goddess Annapurna (the
goddess of plenty), who is regarded as a manifestation of goddess Parvati, the consort of Lord
Shiva, the chief mountains in this region include the Dhaulagiri, Annapurna and Manaslu Himal .
The Annapurna Himal, which lies between the Kali Gandaki and Marsyangdi river valley, forms a
solid, mountain bastion. It covers a distance of 40 miles and encompasses within its range some
twelve peaks that rise to an elevation of more than 7000m and numerous other lesser peaks.

The climate in the Annapurna region varies from subtropical to alpine. The southern slopes of
the area has the highest rainfall rate in the country- 3000mm per year, whereas the northern
slopes lying in the rain shadow has the lowest rate – less than 300mm per year. The difference
in the climatic conditions in this region is responsible for its varied flora and fauna. It stretches
from the subtropical lowlands and the high temperate rhododendron forest in the south, to a
dry alpine steppe environment in the North. There are around four hundred and seventy-four
species of birds, and around a hundred species of mammals. The Annapurna region serves as an
excellent habitat for rare and endangered mammals like the snow leopard, musk deer, blue
sheep, red panda and many of Nepal’s brilliantly plumaged pheasants.

The region is peopled by Gurungs, Magars,Thakalis, Mananges, Chettris and Brahmins .

Annapurna Base Camp Trek: The trek into the area below the massive south face of
Annapurna, known as the Annapurna Sanctuary, is one of the most popular treks in Nepal. The
trek begins in Pokhara and leads up through the breathtaking Modi Khola gorge into the vast
mountain ringed amphitheatre of the Sanctuary. The trail passes through bamboo and
rhododendron forests with superb views of the Annapurna range. The high glacial basin is the
site of the Annapurna south face base camp. This is a classic trek, which allows access to the
high mountains of the Himalaya within a reasonable time frame.

The trail takes you through fascinating traditional villages of Nepal’s ethnic communities of the
Gurung, Magar, and Thakali who will greet you very warmly if you cared to stop for a
conversation. The hike continues through dense rhododendron forest with towering snowy
peaks in the background. The return walk is even more interesting as the trek winds around
different ridges towards Ghorepani, where you witness breathtaking views of an early morning
sunrise where a red halo seeps through glistening gaps over the snow capped peaks of the
Annapurna & Dhaulagiri Mountains. The sceneries seen throughout this trek grace the landscape
of the Himalayas where imagination defines the beauty of nature as an experience that can
never be forgotten. The Annapurna Base Camp trek will be even more interesting in spring as
the whole forest along the trail turns red, pink and white with rhododendron flowers. This
wonder trip can be done anytime of the year except during the monsoons [July through
August].

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