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Sectionalism Study Guide

Reform Movements
1. Abolitionists worked to
2. Most abolitionists demanded

3. Abolitionists believed slavery was wrong.

c. a violation of the principles of
4. Abolitionist leaders included both men and women.
a. Harriet Tubman led hundreds of

b. wrote the Liberator

newspaper and worked for the immediate

c. wrote the North Star

newspaper and worked for rights for

5. The movement helped

women gain equal rights.
6. Supporters of this movement declared that

7. Supporters believed that women were deprived of basic rights,

a. Denied
b. Denied

c. Denied equal opportunities in

d. Limited in the right to
8. Strong women led this movement. They began their campaign before
the Civil War and continued after the war had ended.
a. Isabella ( ) , a former
enslaved African American was a nationally known

b. Susan B. Anthony was an advocate to

c. played a leadership role

in the women’s rights movement.
Issues that divided the nation
9. , , and
differences between the North and the
South eventually resulted in the Civil War.
10. The South feared the North would take control of Congress and
Southerners began to proclaim as a
means of self-protection.
11. The North believed that the nation was

12. While there were several differences between the North and the
South, the issues related to increasingly
and led to
the Civil War.
13. Complete the chart below:
The North The South
felt that the abolition of
slavery would destroy their
region’s economy

urban society in which

people held jobs

• • agricultural

• • opposed tariffs because

Economic • Planters were also
Issues concerned that Great
Britain might stop
buying cotton if

believed in a strong central


believed that they had the

power to declare any
Power of the national law illegal
Compromises attempting to resolve differences:
14. The (1820) allowed
to enter the Union as a slave state.
entered the Union as a free state. It also outlawed slavery north of the
36°30’ line in the . This kept the
number of free states and slave states .
15. The Compromise of 1850 allowed
to enter the Union as a free state. Southwest territories would decide

16. The (1854)

allowed people in each state to decide the slavery issue. This was known
as . This compromise
overturned the , which had
previously outlawed slavery in these territories.
Southern Secession
17. was elected president in 1860.
18. The state of was the first to
secede as a result of this election.
19. Confederate forces attacked
in South Carolina, marking the beginning of the
20. Lincoln and many Northerners believed that the United States was

21. Most Southerners believed that the states had

22. While the Civil War did not begin as a war to abolish slavery, issues
surrounding slavery