APPROVAL SHEET

Complete report of Animal¶s Physiology Experiment with title ³Urinary System´ who is made by: Name Reg. No Group Class Department : Nur Rezki Octavia : 081404174 : VI (sixth) : Biology ICP : Biology

After checked by assistant and assistant coordinator, so this report is accepted.

Makassar, May Assistant Coordinator Assistant

2010

Djuamarirmanto, S.Pd

Mutmainna Ekawati Reg. No : 071404189

Known By: Lecturer Responsibility

Ir. Halifah Pagarra, Msi NIP : 1955 0915 1983 032 001

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

A. Background At the body of living things happen every time the metabolic processes that produce substances that are useful for the activity of cells and tissue and residual substances which are no longer useful to the body. If the levels of substances in the body metabolism remains excessive and is not immediately released would harm the body itself and interfere with biological activity in the body. To remove these substances remaining expenditures necessary equipment incorporated in the excretion system. Excretory system took place in all living things, from a low level of living creatures such as Amoeba and Paramaecium up such a high level of human. Every organism remove residual substances which differ from each other. In fish that contain nitrogen excretion results issued in the form of ammonia. In land animals such as insects, reptiles, and birds out uric acid, whereas in mammals and humans release the result of excretion of urea. The urinary system (also called the excretory system) is the organ system that produces, stores, and eliminates urine. In humans, it includes two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder, the urethra, and two sphincter muscles. The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that lie in the abdomen, retroperitoneal to the organs of digestion, around or just below the ribcage and close to the lumbar spine. The organ is about the size of a human fist and is surrounded by what is called Perinephric fat, and situated on the superior pole of each kidney is an adrenal gland. The kidneys receive their blood supply of 1.25 L/min (25% of the cardiac output) from the renal arteries which are fed by the abdominal aorta. This is important because the kidneys' main role is to filter water soluble waste products from the blood. The urinary system includes the kidneys, bladder and tubes. These organs

control the amount of water and salts that are absorbed back into the blood and what is taken out as waste. This system also acts as a filtering mechanism for the blood. Therefore, to more know about urinary system and how to do urine test. This observation is done to prove theory about urine test. Weather urine contains glucose and protein or not. Beside that, we can compare the theory that we got in learning process from the lecturer and our observation directly. B. Purpose At the urinary system experiment, there are some purposes: a. To observe the physic characteristic of urine like the color. b. To observe the glucose and protein concentration at urine. C. Benefit The benefits of urinary system experiment are: a. The students know way to test glucose and protein in urine. b. This report can be used as reference at next observation and at learning teaching process in the class. c. The students can detect disease from urine test.

CHAPTER II PREVIEW OF LITERATURE
The urinary system (also called the excretory system) is the organ system that produces, stores, and eliminates urine. In humans it includes two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder, the urethra, and two sphincter muscles. The kidneys are beanshaped organs that lie in the abdomen, retroperitoneal to the organs of digestion, around or just below the ribcage and close to the lumbar spine. The organ is about the size of a human fist and is surrounded by what is called Peri-nephric fat, and situated on the superior pole of each kidney is an adrenal gland. The kidneys receive their blood supply of 1.25 L/min (25% of the cardiac output) from the renal arteries which are fed by the abdominal aorta. This is important because the kidneys' main role is to filter water soluble waste products from the blood. The other attachment of the kidneys are at their functional endpoints the ureters, which lies more medial and runs down to the trigone of urinary bladder (Anonyma ,2010). Urea is the main nitrogenous waste product excreted by terrestrial animals. Unlike aquatic animals, they cannot excrete ammonia as this requires large volumes of the water into which it can be released. Urea has the advantage that although it is reasonably soluble, its toxicity is much reduced when compared with that of ammonia. Animals which excrete urea are said to be ureotelic. Urea is synthesized via a series of reactions known collectively as the urea cycle. The production of urea is seen in a large variety of animals (Kay, 1998:172). The urethra is a tube that conveys urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. Its wall is lined with mucous membranes and contains a relatively thick layer of smooth muscle tissue. It also contains numerous mucous glands, called "urethral glands," that secrete mucus into the urethral canal. In females, the urethra is about 4 cm long. It passes forward from the bladder, descends below the symphysis pubis, and empties into the labia minor. Its opening is located above the vaginal

opening and about 2.5 cm below the clitoris. In males, the urethra, which functions both as a urinary canal and a passageway for cells and secretions from various reproductive organs, can be divided into three sections: the prostatic urethra, the membranous urethra, and the penile urethra (Anonymc, 2010). According to Soewolo (2003), urine characteristics are: 1. Adult norms urine volume 600-2500 ml / day, this amount depends on the input of water, outside temperature, food and mental state of the physical conditions of individuals. 2. Specific gravity ranged from 1.003 to 1.030. 3. The reaction of acid with a pH of urine is usually less than six (ranging from 4.7 to 8). When a high protein input, because the urine becomes acid sulphate and phosphate excess of protein catabolism results. 4. Normal urine color is pale yellow or amber. The main pigment is urokrom, slightly urobilin and hematoporifin. 5. Fresh urine scented with edible substances Kidneys produce urine containing substances remaining metabolic and regulate body fluid composition through three main processes namely glomelurus filtration, tubular reabsorption, and tubular secretion. Filtration is the movement of tubular fluid and solutes from the glomerular capillaries, in particular the pressure gradient inside the capsule bownman. These factors assisted filtration oelh more permeable membrane and glomerular capillary blood pressure in the glomerular kapilar higher (Sloane, 2004:321). Reabsorption selective, all substances that are useful for the body and are necessary to maintain water and salt composition of body fluids will be taken from the filtrate and returned into the blood by a process called reabsorbsi. Secretion of substances that are not generally needed by the body removed from the blood into the filtrate contained in the tubules (Wulangi, 1993:170)Urine is a liquid product of the body that is secreted by the kidneys by a process called urination and excreted through the urethra. Cellular metabolism generates numerous waste compounds,

many rich in nitrogen, that require elimination from the bloodstream. This waste is eventually expelled from the body in a process known as micturition, the primary method for excreting water-soluble chemicals from the body. These chemicals can be detected and analyzed by urinalysis. Amniotic fluid is closely related to urine, and can be analyzed by amniocentesis. To eliminate soluble wastes, which are toxic, most animals have excretory systems. In humans soluble wastes are excreted by way of the urinary system, which consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra. The kidneys extract the soluble wastes from the bloodstream, as well as excess water, sugars, and a variety of other compounds. Remaining fluid contains high concentrations of urea and other substances, including toxins. Urine flows through these structures: the kidney, ureter, bladder, and finally the urethra. Urine is produced by a process of filtration, reabsorption, and tubular section (Anonymb 2010). There is wide variety of excretory organs, but there are, in principle, only two basic processes responsible for the formation of the excreted fluid, they are ultrafiltration and active transport. In spite of the great variety of morphological structure and anatomical location, excretory organs can be classified into a relatively small number of functional types. Some excretory organs are generalized, or unspecialized, and can, in a general sense, be regarded as kidneys and their excretory product as urine. Other excretory organs have more specialized roles in that they carry out one particular function (Nielsen,1997:356). Colorless urine indicates over-hydration, which is usually considered much healthier than dehydration. Dark yellow urine is often indicative of dehydration. Yellowing/light orange may be caused by removal of excess B vitamins from the bloodstream. Certain medications such as rifampin and pyridium can cause orange urine. Bloody urine is termed hematuria, potentially a sign of a bladder infection. Dark orange to brown urine can be a symptom of jaundice, rhabdomyolysis, or Gilbert's syndrome. Black or dark-colored urine is referred to as melanuria and may be caused by a melanoma. Fluorescent yellow / greenish urine may be caused by dietary supplemental vitamins, especially the B vitamins (Anonymb ,2010).

CHAPTER III EXPERIMENT METHOD

A. Time and Place Day / date Time Place of experiment : Wednesday, May 19th 2010 : At 13.00 pm until 15.00 pm : At the 2nd floor of Biology laboratory, the east part Mathematic and Science Faculty, Makassar State University B. Tools and Materials 1. The first activity (Physic Analysis) a. Tools: 1) Tube reaction 2) Reaction rack 3) Drop pipette b. Material: Urine of participants (him/her) 2. The second activity (Chemical Analysis) a. Tools: 1) Tube reaction 2) Reaction rack 3) Drop pipette 4) pH indicator 5) Bunsen burner 6) Matches 7) Tweezers b. Materials: 1) Urine of participants (him/her) 2) Pehling A and b solution

3) Lakmus paper 4) Acetate acid 10% solution 5) Sulphosalisilate acid 20% solution C. Work Procedure 1. The first activity (Physic Analysis) a) Prepared all tools and materials. b) Entered 10 drop of urine to reaction tube, added 3 drop of pehling A and pehling B. c) Pinched the reaction tube and burn it on bunsen burner. d) After that, observed the color change of urine. e) Wrote down into table of observation.

Prepared all tools and materials

10 drop urine+3 drop pehling A and B

Burn it and observed the color change

Wrote down result of observation

2. The second activity (Chemical Analysis) a) Prepared all of tools and materials. b) Entered 10 drop of urine to reaction tube, c) Test pH of urine with lakmus paper and pH indicator. d) If urine is base, it is early added with acetate acid 10% solution e) If it has been acid, added it with sulphosalisilate 20% solution. f) Shaken the reaction tube and saw that if there are sediment in urine that indicated there are protein in urine. g) Wrote down the result of observation
Prepared all the tools and materials added acetate acid if it base and sulphosalisilate if acid

10 drop urine+ pH test

shaken it and observed

CHAPTER IV RESULT DAN DISCUSSION

A. Result of Observation 1. The first activity (Physic Analysis)
No 1 2 3 Participants Sutrianto Hasta Nur Rezki Octavia Sureni Hikamwati Color of urine Yellow tusk Yellow Yellow tusk Reason probably Pigment urine normal Pigment urine normal Pigment urine normal

2. The second activity (Chemical Analysis)
No Participants Glucose Color 1 2 3 Sutrianto Hasta Nur Rezki Octavia Sureni Hikmawati Brown greenish Blue Pink yellowish Test Note 2+ Negative 3+ Protein Test No sediment No sediment No sediment

B. Discussion Urine is a residue substance that is released from the body through a system called the excretion system. The main organ excretion on the human body and other vertebrates is the kidney. There are a pair of kidneys in the body. That has many functions other than as a means of excretion. Urine is excreted through the kidneys, contains the main form of water, urea, and minerals. The presence of other substances contained by the urine in addition to the above substances would mean the body is experiencing problems or diseases. In this observation, we observed about color of urine and weather urine contain glucose and protein or not. 1. The first activity (Physic Analysis) At this observation, we observed the urine color of each participants. Sutrianto and Sureni have urine color is yellow tusk and Nur Rezki has urine color is yellow. The color of urine indicated that pigment urine is normal. According to Anonym (2010), Normal urine color is clear yellow to pale yellow. Indicate the presence of reddish-colored urine blood in urine, which could be an indication of kidney stone disorders, or cancer of the kidneys and bladder. However, urine may be bright red, when consuming laxatives or excessive eating bits of fruit. Brownish-colored urine can indicate the presence of blood in the urine. But urine also could turn brown if there is a muscle that is damaged or excessive exercise. It can also be caused by eating too many beans. Brownish urine porphyria disease also indicated abnormalities in the blood. Urine dark yellow or dark colored possible due to dehydration, but can also an early stage of liver disease. Bright yellow urine can also result in high-dose vitamins, particularly riboflavin (vitamin B). Orange-colored urine indicating hepatitis or malaria. 2. The second activity (Chemical Analysis) At this observation, each urine of people is added by pehling A and B, then it is burned and based on observation the urine color of Sutrianto is

brown greenish (2+), Sureni is pink yellowish (3+), and Nur Rezki is blue (negative). If the urine is red brick, it can be concluded that the urine contains glucose. The presence of glucose in urine is a marker for an individual that has diabetes mellitus. However, the presence of glucose in urine of normal individuals may apply in individuals who have low glucose threshold; circumstances that are recognized as glucosuria. If it is green, means not containing glucose. Then to test for protein content, the urine added with acetic acid solution (if still pH base), then mixed with sulphoosalisilate acid. If after it is shaken and there is sediment, urine is said to contain protein. Protein content increased in individuals who experience urinary tract infection, individuals who have high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and renal disease. According to Anonym (2010), Urine protein testing is used to detect protein in the urine, to help evaluate and monitor kidney function, and to help detect and diagnose early kidney damage and disease. A semi-quanititative test such as a dipstick urine protein is used to screen the general population for the presence of protein in the urine as part of a routine urinalysis. If slight to moderate amounts of protein are detected, then a repeat urinalysis and dipstick protein may be performed at a later time to see if there is still protein in the urine or if it has dropped back to undetectable levels. If there is a large amount of protein in the first sample and/or the protein persists in the second sample, then a 24-hour urine protein may be used as a follow-up test. Since the dipstick primarily measures albumin, the 24-hour urine protein test also may be ordered if a doctor suspects that proteins other than albumin are being released.

CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION

A. Conclusion Based on observation that we is done, we can conclude that: 1. Normal urine color is yellow that is indicated that pigment urine is normal. 2. Urine containing glucose when the time is mixed with fehling A and B solution and heated, its color changed to red brick. If the urine contains protein when mixed with acid sulphosalisilate, there is sediment at the bottom of the reaction tube. B. Suggestion 1. I hope laboratory equipment can be completed, thus practicant can do observation well. 2. Assistant can do practicum early and regulary. 3. Practicants can do observation well, especially in our corporate.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Anonyma. 2010. Urinary System. http://www.wikipedia.com. Access on May 24th 2010 in Makassar. Anonymb. 2010. Urine. http://www.wikipedia.com. Access on May 24th 2010 in Makassar. Anonymc. 2010. Excretory Organ. http://www.about.com. Access on May 24th 2010 in Makassar. Kay, Ian. 1998. Animal Physiology. UK: Bios Scientific Publisher. Nielsen, Knut Schmidt. 1997. Animal Physiology Adaptation and Environment Fifth Edition. America: Cambridge University Press. Sloane, Ethel. 2004. Anatomi dan Fisiologi. Jakarta: Buku Kedokteran EGC Soewolo. 2003. Fisiologi Manusia. Malang: Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi FMIPA Universitas Negeri Malang. S.Wulangi, Kartolo. 1993. Prinsip-Prinsip Fisiologi Hewan. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Indonesia.

Anonyma

Urinary system
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The urinary system (also called the excretory system) is the organ system that produces, stores, and eliminates urine. In humans it includes two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder, the urethra, and two sphincter muscles.

Physiology
[edit] Kidney Main article: Kidney The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that lie in the abdomen, retroperitoneal to the organs of digestion, around or just below the ribcage and close to the lumbar spine. The organ is about the size of a human fist and is surrounded by what is called Perinephric fat, and situated on the superior pole of each kidney is an adrenal gland. The kidneys receive their blood supply of 1.25 L/min (25% of the cardiac output) from the renal arteries which are fed by the abdominal aorta. This is important because the kidneys' main role is to filter water soluble waste products from the blood. The other attachment of the kidneys are at their functional endpoints the ureters, which lies more medial and runs down to the trigone of urinary bladder. The kidneys perform a number of tasks, such as: concentrating urine, regulating electrolytes, and maintaining acid-base homeostasis. The kidney excretes and reabsorbs electrolytes (e.g. sodium, potassium and calcium) under the influence of local and systemic hormones. pH balance is regulated by the excretion of bound acids and ammonium ions. In addition, they remove urea, a nitrogenous waste product from the metabolism of amino acids. The end point is a hyperosmolar solution carrying waste for storage in the bladder prior to urination. Humans produce about 2.9 liters of urine over 24 hours, although this amount may vary according to circumstances. Because the rate of filtration at the kidney is proportional to the glomerular filtration rate, which is in turn related to the blood flow through the kidney, changes in body fluid status can affect kidney function. Hormones exogenous and endogenous to the kidney alter the amount of blood flowing through the glomerulus. Some medications interfere directly or indirectly with urine production. Diuretics achieve this by altering the amount of absorbed or excreted electrolytes or osmalites, which causes a diuresis.

Anonymb

Urine
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Urine is a liquid product of the body that is secreted by the kidneys by a process called urination and excreted through the urethra. Cellular metabolism generates numerous waste compounds, many rich in nitrogen, that require elimination from the bloodstream. This waste is eventually expelled from the body in a process known as micturition, the primary method for excreting water-soluble chemicals from the body. These chemicals can be detected and analyzed by urinalysis. Amniotic fluid is closely related to urine, and can be analyzed by amniocentesis. Physiology Main article: Renal physiology To eliminate soluble wastes, which are toxic, most animals have excretory systems. In humans soluble wastes are excreted by way of the urinary system, which consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra. The kidneys extract the soluble wastes from the bloodstream, as well as excess water, sugars, and a variety of other compounds. Remaining fluid contains high concentrations of urea and other substances, including toxins. Urine flows through these structures: the kidney, ureter, bladder, and finally the urethra. Urine is produced by a process of filtration, reabsorption, and tubular section. [edit] Unusual color
y

y y y y y y y y

Colorless urine indicates over-hydration, which is usually considered much healthier than dehydration. In the context of a drug test, it could indicate a potential attempt to avoid detection of illicit drugs in the bloodstream through over-hydration.[2] Dark yellow urine is often indicative of dehydration. Yellowing/light orange may be caused by removal of excess B vitamins from the bloodstream. Certain medications such as rifampin and pyridium can cause orange urine. Bloody urine is termed hematuria, potentially a sign of a bladder infection. Dark orange to brown urine can be a symptom of jaundice, rhabdomyolysis, or Gilbert's syndrome. Black or dark-colored urine is referred to as melanuria and may be caused by a melanoma. Fluorescent yellow / greenish urine may be caused by dietary supplemental vitamins, especially the B vitamins. Consumption of beets can cause urine to have a pinkish tint, and asparagus consumption can turn urine greenish.

Anonymc

Urinary organ
Urethra
The urethra is a tube that conveys urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. Its wall is lined with mucous membranes and contains a relatively thick layer of smooth muscle tissue. It also contains numerous mucous glands, called "urethral glands," that secrete mucus into the urethral canal. In females the urethra is about 4 cm long. It passes forward from the bladder, descends below the symphysis pubis, and empties into the labia minor. Its opening is located above the vaginal opening and about 2.5 cm below the clitoris. In males, the urethra, which functions both as a urinary canal and a passageway for cells and secretions from various reproductive organs, can be divided into three sections: the prostatic urethra, the membranous urethra, and the penile urethra.

Renal Pelvis
The outside surface of each kidney is convex, while the side toward the center is deeply concave. The resulting middle depression leads into a hollow chamber called the "renal sinus." The entrance to this sinus is termed the "hilum," and through it pass various blood vessels, nerves, lymphatic vessels, and the ureter. The superior end of the ureter is expanded to form a funnel-shaped sac called the "renal pelvis," which is located inside the renal sinus. The pelvis is divided into two or three tubes, called the "major calyces" (the singular is calyx), and they are divided into several (eight to fourteen) "minor calyces."

Kidneys
About one-quarter (750-1,000 pints daily) of the blood which is output by the heart is sent to the body's "filter treatment plant", where it is purified by the kidneys and circulated on to the rest of the body. One to two thousandths (1/1000-2/1000) of the blood flow becomes fluid waste and is sent into the bladder for storage until it can be conveniently expelled. This toxic waste is called urine. The kidneys are located about two inches above the body's midline just below and behind the liver in the upper abdomen and behind the lower ribs. They receive about 120 pints of blood per hour, even if other body systems are shorted.

CHAPTER III EXPERIMENT METHOD

A. Time and Place Day / date Time Place of experiment : Wednesday, May 12th 2010 : At 08.30 am until 10.00 am : At the 2nd floor of Biology laboratory, the west part Mathematic and Science Faculty, Makassar State University B. Tools and Materials 1. The first activity (Sight or vision sense) a. Tools 4) Handphone electritorch 5) Ruler b. Material: Participants (him/her) 2. The second activity (Hearing sense) a. Tool: Watch b. Material: Participants (him/her) 3. The third activity (Smell sense) a. Tool: b. Materials 1) Perfume 2) Eucalyptus oil 3) Citrus aurantifolia 4) Coffea robusta 5) Tuber of Curcuma domestica 6) Tuber of Zingiber officinale 7) Piper nigrum

8) Cinnamomun burmanni 9) Coriander 10) Participants (Her/him) 4. The fourth activity (Taste sense) a. Tool:b. Materials 1) Capsicum frutescens 2) Sugar 3) Salt 4) Soybean sauce 5) Participants (Her/him) C. Work Procedure 1. The first activity (Sight or vision sense) a) Prepared all tools and materials. b) Flashed handphone electritorch at participant eye. c) Measured eye pupil diameter. d) Wrote down into table of observation.

Prepared all tools and materials

Flashed light

Measured eye pupil diameter

Wrote down result of observation

2. The second activity (Hearing sense) a) Prepared all of tools and materials. b) Made near between watch and ear and made far slowly from ear until sound of beat watch has been heard. c) Measured distance between ear and watch. d) Wrote down the result of observation

Prepared all the tools and materials

Made near and far watch from ear

Measured the distance

Wrote down result of observation

3. The third activity (Smell sense) a) Prepared all materials b) Smelled each material with closed eye. c) Identified each material that has been smelled. d) Wrote down the result of observation.
Wrote down result of observation

Prepared all materials

Smelled each material

Identified smell

4. The fourth activity (Taste sense) a) Prepared all of tools and materials. b) Tasted each material with closed eye. c) Identified each material that has been tasted. d) Wrote down the result of observation
Wrote down result of observation

Prepared all materials

Tasted each material

Identified taste

CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION

1. Conclusion Based on observation that we is done, we can conclude that: 1. The greater the intensity of light entering the eye, the smaller the size of the pupil and the smaller the intensity of light entering the eye pupil size is getting bigger. 2. Each individual has different capacities to receive and respond to sound stimuly. 3. From the results can be obtained that the location of the smell receptors located on the upper nose. Sensitive to the base of the tongue taste is bitter, the right and left tongue sensitive is sour taste, the front side sensitive to taste is salty, and the tongue tip sensitive to sweet taste. 2. Suggestion 1. I hope laboratory equipment can be completed, thus practicant can do observation well. 2. Assistant can do practicum early and regulary. 3. Practicants can do observation well, especially in our corporate.

APPROVAL SHEET

Complete report of Animal¶s Physiology with title ³Homeostasis Cell´ who is made by: Name Reg. No Group Class Department : Nur Rezki Octavia : 081404174 : VI (sixth) : Biology ICP : Biology

After checked by assistant and assistant coordinator, so this report is accepted. Makassar, March Assistant Coordinator Assistant 2010

Djumarirmanto, S.pd

Nunu Dwi Warti Reg. No : 071404013

Lecturer Responsibility

Ir. Halifah Pagarra, Msi NIP : 1955 0915 1983 032 001

APPROVAL SHEET

Complete report of Animal¶s Physiology Experiment with title ³Blood I´ who is made by: Name Reg. No Group Class Department : Nur Rezki Octavia : 081404174 : VI (sixth) : Biology ICP : Biology

After checked by assistant and assistant coordinator, so this report is accepted.

Makassar, March Assistant Coordinator Assistant

2010

Djumarirmanto, S.pd

Mukhlis Reg. No : 071404173

Lecturer Responsibility

Ir. Halifah Pagarra, Msi NIP : 1955 0915 1983 032 001

APPROVAL SHEET

Complete report of Animal¶s Physiology Experiment with title ³Blood II´ who is made by: Name Reg. No Group Class Department : Muthmainnah : 081404154 :I : Biology ICP : Biology

After checked by assistant and assistant coordinator, so this report is accepted.

Makassar, April Assistant Coordinator Assistant

2010

Djumarirmanto, S.pd

Mutmainna Ekawati Reg. No : 071404189

Lecturer Responsibility

Ir. Halifah Pagarra, Msi NIP : 1955 0915 1983 032 001

APPROVAL SHEET

Complete report of Animal¶s Physiology Experiment with title ³Digestive System´ who is made by: Name Reg. No Group Class Department : Nur Rezki Octavia : 081404174 : VI (sixth) : Biology ICP : Biology

After checked by assistant and assistant coordinator, so this report is accepted.

Makassar, April Assistant Coordinator Assistant

2010

Djumarirmanto, S.Pd

Mutmainna Ekawati Reg. No : 071404189

Known By: Lecturer Responsibility

Ir. Halifah Pagarra, Msi NIP : 1955 0915 1983 032 001

APPROVAL SHEET

Complete report of Animal¶s Physiology Experiment with title ³Digestive System II (Lipid and Protein Digestion)´ who is made by: Name Reg. No Group Class Department : Nur Rezki Octavia : 081404174 : VI (sixth) : Biology ICP : Biology

After checked by assistant and assistant coordinator, so this report is accepted.

Makassar, April Assistant Coordinator Assistant

2010

Djumarirmanto, S.Pd

Mutmainna Ekawati Reg. No : 071404189

Known By: Lecturer Responsibility

Ir. Halifah Pagarra, Msi NIP : 1955 0915 1983 032 001

APPROVAL SHEET

Complete report of Animal¶s Physiology Experiment with title ³Respiration I´ who is made by: Name Reg. No Group Class Department : Nur Rezki Octavia : 081404174 : VI (sixth) : Biology ICP : Biology

After checked by assistant and assistant coordinator, so this report is accepted.

Makassar, May Assistant Coordinator Assistant

2010

Djumarirmanto, S.Pd

Nuni Rismayanti Nurkalbi Reg. No : 071404193

Known By: Lecture Responsibility

Ir. Halifah Pagarra, Msi NIP : 1955 0915 1983 032 001

APPROVAL SHEET

Complete report of Animal¶s Physiology Experiment with title ³Respiration II´ who is made by: Name Reg. No Group Class Department : Nur Rezki Octavia : 081404174 : VI (sixth) : Biology ICP : Biology

After checked by assistant and assistant coordinator, so this report is accepted.

Makassar, May Assistant Coordinator Assistant

2010

Djumarirmanto, S.Pd

Nuni Rismayanti Nurkalbi Reg. No : 071404193

Known By: Lecture Responsibility

Ir. Halifah Pagarra, Msi NIP : 1955 0915 1983 032 001

APPROVAL SHEET

Complete report of Animal¶s Physiology Experiment with title ³Nerve System´ who is made by: Name Reg. No Group Class Department : Nur Rezki Octavia : 081404174 : VI (sixth) : Biology ICP : Biology

After checked by assistant and assistant coordinator, so this report is accepted.

Makassar, May Assistant Coordinator Assistant

2010

Djumarirmanto, S.Pd

Nuni Rismayanti Nurkalbi Reg. No : 071404193

Known By: Lecture Responsibility

Ir. Halifah Pagarra, Msi NIP : 1955 0915 1983 032 001

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