Anderen Ltd.

THE ANDEREN LTD TORSION VISCOMETER Manufactured in UK

INSTRUCTION MANUAL AND SPARES LIST.

Anderen Ltd.
85 Blurton Road, Stoke-on-Trent ST3 2BS U.K. UK: Tel: +44 (0) 1782 326027 - Fax: +44 (0) 1782 326027 E-mail: info@anderenltd.com Web-site: www.anderenltd.com

Tighten screw. This illustration shows the flywheel off centre 8) Use the three adjustable feet to centre the flywheel. The outer edge of the flywheel and the inner edge of the scale should have an equal space all the way round. 9) This illustration shows the flywheel centred. .1) Check list 2) Screw wire guard tube into main body then tighten lock nut 3)Loosen terminal screws then Insert wire into terminal as far as it will go 4) Tighten top screw to secure wire 5)Thread wire down guard tube 6) Secure wire to flywheel.(It helps to support the flywheel with some card) 7)Check that the flywheel is central. This is very important. The gap between the outer edge of the flywheel and the inner edge of the scale is even all round.

10)Insert the bob and tighten the securing screw 11)Turn the terminal until the pointer on the flywheel is at zero 12) This picture shows the pointer at zero 13) Holding the top of the terminal still.– if yes you will need a replacement . Check that on the second rotation the pointer stops between 3580 and zero 15) Now turn the flywheel through 360oanticlockwise and check that the pointer stops between 0 and 20 The instrument is now set up and ready to use If the pointer stops outside the readings shown check the following Is the pointer properly set to zero at rest (12) Is the flywheel centred (8) & (9) Is the terminal secured to the wire guard (13) Is there any dirt in the flywheel bearing Is the bob stem bent – if yes you will need a replacement Are there any kinks in the viscometer wire . tighten the lower screw to lock the terminal in place 14) Check the operation of the viscometer. Turn the flywheel clockwise through 360o Then allow it to rotate.

If the wire is kinked it needs to be replaced The stem on the bob should be straight. Then raise the cup into place and tighten the securing nut. If it is moved then you will need to check the level The wire should have no kinks – these are caused by mishandling the wire and are not covered by a warranty. Make sure that the body of the bob is completely covered and in the centre of the cup 18) Release the flywheel by pulling back the flywheel locking bar. Material that has been deposited on the flywheel will create a problem. If it is bent this is caused by mishandling the bob and is not covered by a warranty. Also there should be no material on the PTFE bearing. This means that the way the sample is stirred must be the same using the same speed and the same length of time. If the stem on the bob is bent it needs to be replaced The instrument must be kept clean. Allow the flywheel to rotate and note the reading where the flywheel reaches on the second rotation. This is best done using an electric stirrer.Operation 16) Rotate the flywheel clockwise through 360o (1 turn) and secure with the flywheel locking bar 17) Introduce the sample by placing on the sample cup table. This is detrimental to the correct operation Hints on use To get consistent results it is important that the sample is prepared in exactly the same way each time. Important The torsion viscometer is a simple easy to use piece of equipment and should give repeatable readings over a long period of time It is important to remember the following:The instrument must be level – ideally it should be set on a firm flat surface and once set up should not be moved. The bob should be carefully washed and dried after every test The instrument requires NO LUBRICATION. particularly if there is more than one operative doing tests When taking the test do not lean on the bench as this may cause the viscometer to become unlevel .

If the reading gives a higher reading then the material is “to thin” and below this reading “too thick”. We are able to offer consultancy to any company who needs help with the manufacture and use of these materials. Typically this will be within a 10-20o spread. This should be quoted as the difference in degrees overswing at (time) For example if the first reading is 260o and the second reading is taken after 2 minutes giving a result of 250o the result is recorded as Thixotropy at 2 minutes is 10o (the numbers quoted are just to show a simple calculation) An understanding of the processes of ceramic slip and glaze manufacture are outside the scope of this document. Subtract the second reading from the initial reading and this gives an answer for Thixotropy. It is a reliable instrument requiring low levels of operator skill. However we have listed below a chart that we hope will help Fault Poor filling Description Too long to fill moulds Cause Fluidity too low Cure Increase water addition or increase deflocculant Increase deflocculant Flabby casts Soft casts – difficult to handle Hard Casts – difficult to fettle Slip not draining from narrow sections Thixotropy too high Brittle casts Thixotropy too low Decrease deflocculant addition Increase water addition or increase deflocculant addition Decrease deflocculant addition or decrease water addition Increase water addition or increase deflocculant Poor draining Fluidity too low/Thixotropy too high Thixotropy too low Wreathing Small uneven fringes on slip side of cast Pinholes Small holes just below surface on mould side of cast piece Small cracks e. We also recommend the use of a pyknometer to measure slip density . The operator needs to establish what readings produce a workable material.Use of the Torsion Viscometer The Torsion Viscometer has been used all over the world to check ceramics slips and glazes for over 50 years. where a handle joins a piece Fluidity too low Cracking Thixotropy too low Decrease deflocculant addition or decrease water addition Decrease water addition n or decrease deflocculant addition Cast spot & casting flash Discoloured patch occurring on the mould side of an article Fluidity too high/Thixotropy too low Remember a torsion viscometer will help to identify slip or glaze problems at an early stage enabling you to make changes to the slip or glaze before it is used. The instrument can also be used to test THIXOTROPY.g. 。 The readings are given as degrees overswing and this is basically a reading of FLUIDITY. by taking a fluidity reading then allowing the material to stand and repeating the reading.

Packing list items marked in black are for the standard viscometer. Items marked in blue are optional accessories and not included with standard viscometer Item Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Wire guard support 360° graduated scale Stop pin assembly Scale Support Sample cup support locking nut Sample cup support Wire guard tube nut Retaining Collar Viscometer bob 1/4” Viscometer bob 1/2” Viscometer bob 11/16” Viscometer bob 1” Viscometer bob 1 1/8” Viscometer bob 1 5/8” 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Adjustable foot Terminal Thumb screw Viscometer sample cup Flywheel Flywheel boss Flywheel Boss Screw Wire Guard Tube Viscometer wire 30swg Viscometer wire 36swg Sample cup stirrer swg30 swg36 VCY025 VCY005 VCY116 VCY001 VCY118 VCY158 VFT001 VTE001 VTS001 VFC001 VFW001 VFB001 VKB001 VGT001 VWI030 VWI036 VST001 VSC001 VSA001 Description Code .

Wire Guard support (1) Scale (2) Stop Assembly (3) Scale Support (4) Sample cup support locking nut (5) Sample cup support (6) Locking Nut (7) Wire Guard Tube Retaining Colar (8) 11/16” Viscometer Bob (9) Adjusttable foot (10) Terminal (11) Terminal Screw (12) Sample Cup (13) Flywheel (14) Flywheel Boss (15) Flywheel Boss Screw (16) Wire Guard Tube (17) 30 SWG Viscometer wire (18) .