MMS/PGDM Programmes

PROJECT PAPER HANDBOOK Guidelines for the dissertation

PREFACE
This project paper handbook aims to facilitate and guide our MASTERS DEGREE students in conducting their research for their project paper requirement. The guidelines provided in this handbook serve an important role to help ensure the quality of project papers. The guidelines have been produced in a handbook for easier reference and greater convenience to both supervisors and students. We hope you will find this handbook helpful. We welcome feedback from students and supervisors.

INTRODUCTION This document is only a guideline to enable you to complete your Dissertation in the most effective and efficient manner. It is not designed to be all encompassing, nor is it designed to put restrictions or boundaries to the work done by each student. While using the guideline, to avoid missing any point, the student is expected to use his/her creativity, enthusiasm and self motivation to achieve even better heights in the completion of his/her Dissertation. A good project paper should have the following characteristics: It should demonstrate that a student is capable of conducting research, writing a critical review of the literature, applying statistical tools to analyze data and interpreting the results. • It makes a contribution to the academic literature and business policy and/or practice. • It makes evident the link between research objectives, literature review, conceptual framework and findings. • Its writing quality reflects that considerable effort has been invested in producing the final draft. • It is well edited and has been thoroughly checked for spelling, grammatical, punctuation and typographical errors. Text citations and references conform to the Harvard Referencing style. The language is kept simple and concise and there is a minimum of unnecessary words. The project paper will have to show an overall coherence. The examiners will look for a link between one chapter to the next, so that the logic of the connections between chapters and of the points made within the chapters is clear. This guideline is prepared specifically for students with the intention of providing specific and detailed particulars of procedures to prepare and submit the project paper. Please read and follow these procedures carefully to avoid unnecessary, costly, and time-consuming revisions.

I. MILESTONES
The entire of Process of completion of a Dissertation, could be determined by the Milestones that have to be achieved along the way. The Milestones envisaged are as follows: 1. Hypothesis/Problem Selection: Selection of the hypothesis, business problem, business opportunity, business threat etc. solution to which will be the objective of the dissertation, on the basis of Extensive Literature study and meetings with Company executives, if the Dissertation is to be done on a Problem of a specific

(Due end of week 17) 6. Care should be taken at this stage that all the objectives as specified in point 2 above are being achieved. the sampling plan (with justifications). the mode/methodology of collecting data. based on the scope is listed out. human resource. (Due end of week 5) 3. and in case the Proposals are not acceptable. The student will request meetings with the Faculty Guide to discuss the proposals. through a web page etc. (Completion by end of week 15) 5. Research Activity/Data Collection: Actual research and activities. time. Analysis of Data/Information: The analysis of information received and getting initial findings for review. and any creep in the commitments made at this stage could jeopardize the entire project. the mode of administration of the Questionnaires (personal/by e-mail.(Due end of week 7) 4. (Due end of week 18) 7. so that the final proposal is firmed up in the period specified herewith. At this stage. The Milestones to be achieved at each phase of the Plan is to be specified and analyzed for confirming the logical and seamless sequence of each phase. First Draft of Final Report: While the structure of the Report should be made after the Third Milestone. The Research Plan will go to the detail of Activities to be undertaken. Three alternatives are to be presented to your Faculty Guide. but will not be limited to. the specifying of the Population to be the source of the information. who will question you about them and then select the one which. in his/her opinion. This is a very important phase. this should go through necessary changes/modifications through . the student could do the best justice to. as it takes the student to a point of no return. Samples of the proposed tables in which the data will be put for analysis (dummy tables). which seems to be promising or beneficial in making the outcome more meaningful and of better value. This is an iterative process. Saturday Midnight) 2. The Research Plan will include. and might enhance the scope or plan to go into greater depth in a particular aspect. Methodology and Schedule: Arriving at the methodology of research and making out a time bound plan. the Cost and time factors for each activity and the resources (financial. (Due end of week 3 – viz.. These limitations should not be such that the value of the dissertation becomes unacceptable. by doing the additional research required. Conclusions and Recommendations: Follow-up on decisions taken in Point 5 above. Objectives and Scope of Project: Laying down the scope of the work. the student confirms that the objectives of the survey are being achieved. the proposed Structured. Aim. Unstructured questions with the questionnaires where applicable. with time estimates for each activity. in line with the Research Plan laid down in point 3 above. equipment. based on the Aims and the objectives to be achieved.) required for each activity.. the student will have to provide a fresh set of three proposals till the final Problem Statement/Hypothesis is firmed up. This is where the limitations. laying out the different phases in which the work will be done.Company/Industry. Ensuring that the scope of work is sufficient to achieve the goals and objectives of the Dissertation. space/infrastructure etc.

Final Submission of Report and Presentation: Submit final Report and Power Point for Presentation of the dissertation. and conduct an experience survey to confirm that the findings have no obvious lacunae. on the basis of this survey. under “Relationship with your Guide” and will form one of the core factors of your Dissertation experience. (Completion by end of week 21) 9.Milestone 6. The importance of this Dissertation therefore cannot be underestimated. or shortcomings. who will be available to the student for guidance. and have the Final Draft ready. Data sources. . the timing of the Viva for Defense of the dissertation will be firmed up by the Faculty Guide. III. as decided in point 8 above. the Index. make out final tables and the final form of the report on the Dissertation. by ensuring that you allocate specific time (It is found that one requires 21 to 27 hours per week. the Referencing style ensuring that the Bibliography contains ONLY sources referenced in the main body of the report etc.(Completion by end of week 22) 10. the Milestones would be easy to understand. and take full advantage of the wide and rich experience of your Dissertation Guide. Companies. there are others who would need guidance and support in planning to achieve each of the Milestones on time. in consultation with the Dissertation Coordinator. The process of interaction with the Dissertation Guide is explained later in this report. (Report submission by end of week 22 – Presentation week 24) After Final Submission. It will determine your effectiveness in transitioning from a college academic theoretical environment to the rough and tumble jungle of corporate existence. the Paper size. to do a good Dissertation) and resources for this project. . For this each student has a Dissertation Guide. You should therefore plan well to ensure that you take the best advantage of this experience. Decide on further action. Be very careful at this stage to comply with all the specifications of the Report as detailed later in this Manual. Finally. the Font size and spacing. including the Cover Page. The explanation of the tasks involved in each of the Milestones. and the interaction and activities involved are with real time persons. DISSERTATION GUIDE While to some of you. Review and reinforcement of Findings: Review. Finishing Touches before Submission and Presentation: Further fine tune and put finishing touches. (Due end of Week 19) 8. Complete the actions so as to fine tune the information and analysis/conclusions. the opportunities to be grasped and the pitfalls to be avoided is given later in this report. A student should understand that the dissertation is linked to a real life situation/experience.

A part of the experience gained through this Dissertation is getting the student to take on responsibilities and taking the ownership of doing an excellent valuable and unique dissertation. he/she will only provide information asked for by the CEO. help a student to develop their thoughts on their topic.). The student should proactively push for completion of the milestones. your likes and dislikes. so that the guidance is given in the correct perspective of your personal situation and environment. sections etc. the student is the CEO of the Company. However at this stage.the planning of the dissertation (organization into chapters. You should not hesitate to tell your mentor about your personal background. A. Friend and Guide to you. which he will keep in mind when guiding you through your Dissertation. The student will find that he/she is no longer a follower of an Instructor. Remember. that a good relationship built with your Guide. background about your Family (Parents. in strict adherence to the Milestones mentioned herein. university regulations). very often goes beyond your dissertation. The role of supervisors is to guide students towards the production of their dissertation by discussing each part of the process. From another perspective. give guidance on the development of chapters and on the conventions of dissertation writing. and their direction progress confirmed buy the Dissertation Guide. you could keep this information available in the format given in annexure “A”. prior to the commencement of the Dissertation Process. Siblings. They will advise on relevant areas of literature. but is the “Captain of your Ship” in steering the Dissertation to a successful completion. viability. and the extent of your gaining from his availability would depend on your efforts to develop a close and personal relationship with him/her. and you will be introduced to him. on time. and lifelong Mentor relationships and friendships have been known to develop between Dissertation Guides and Students. methodology. The CEO needs to get the best of his Consultant. The student therefore does not have an Instructor. and talk to him/her personally during the initial introductory session. literature and other sources. Relationship with your Guide: A Dissertation Guide will be assigned to your Dissertation field (Finance/Marketing/HR/MIS). but a Guide. Students may expect their supervisors to give advice about the nature of the dissertation (title. the standard of work expected (without prejudging final grades) and improvements to draft chapters. it is essential to understand that the Dissertation Guide has been chosen to act as a Counselor. your usual daily schedule. The details of the introductory meetings and the introduction of the Dissertation Guide are given in the Schedule of the Dissertation Process below. They are not obliged to read the whole of . and take the initiative in using the services of the Dissertation Guide to get their queries cleared. The Consultant will not initiate anything. and the Guide is a valuable Consultant with knowledge which will help you steer your Company to success. required techniques . your aspirations in life. To enable you go give him the required information. Spouses and Children) etc. This would give the dissertation Guide an accurate picture of you and your environment. They will not act as proof-reader of the student’s work.

as well understand their trend of thought and directions for the Dissertation process. planning and undertaking a literature review.the final draft submission.PROCEDURES & PROCESSES B. While you are free to send mails. the responsibility of the student to take the initiative throughout the dissertation writing process: raising problems or difficulties. writing and structuring a dissertation. D. however. The expert faculties may take the sessions as follows: The first session will be an interactive session. If they do so. which is given in Annexure 1. covering the following three sections: 1. IV. Phone Number and other details of the Faculty who will be guide to the functional area in which you will be doing your dissertation. . when you will not only meet the Faculty Guide. This session will also include the introduction of the Guiding Faculty for each of the functional areas. It is. This is a meeting at which students get to know their colleagues. when students can seek clarifications and directives for the efficient and effective completion of the Dissertation process. You need to note the e-mail ID. plagiarism. primarily through e-mail. Commencement of the Project Process All Masters students should make note of the following points: identification of research question. and justify your choice. giving him all your details. Progress: Progress on the activities you had planned for the week in your previous report. You will send an introductory mail to your Faculty Guide. taking appropriate action. discussing issues arising from feedback. and planning and time management. you are expected to send a mail at least once a week . At this meeting you will present your initial three topics for Dissertation. Regular Contact You will keep in touch with the Faculty Guide. but also the other students doing Dissertation in the same functional area. and maintaining the progress of work as agreed with the supervisor. along with a personal details form. it is on the understanding that the result of the final examination is not in any way pre-judged. Getting to know your Faculty Guide. however. and assessing whether it is researchable. as and when the needs arise. finding a supervisor and the supervisor's role. The Faculty Guide will set up an Interwise session for introductions. C.

Plan ahead: Detail your plan of action for the following week. E. and seek advice. you can contact the Faculty Guide. before ringing up. there will be an Interwise interactive session at least once every 6 weeks. as there might be times when he/she might not be able to entertain your phone call. on the completion of each Milestone. In addition to the contacts listed in A to E above. encouragement for their peers. G. This can be done by e-mail or telephone. Many students have found it convenient to put their Faculty Guide in their Buddy’s list of their MSN messenger or Yahoo Messenger. what activities you performed to complete this Milestone. You must ensure that your Milestone Achievement Report is submitted by midnight on the schedule day for completion of the Milestone. at any point to seek clarification or guidance. At this session. Sharing: Share new experiences. suggestions. if you feel you need advice regarding the same. F. Also the voice capabilities of the Messengers help the student to overcome high expenses on normal telephones. This is the period when you will be guided and given the direction and the confidence to become “The Captain of your own Ship”.2. 3. Milestone achievement Report Make out a Milestone Achievement Report. which will be arranged and intimated to you in advance. keeping in mind the progress made so far. Thus they can get in touch whenever they are on-line. to keep regular contact and to plan out meetings/chats. In your report you will explain where you were at the end of the last Milestone. Thereafter. Any delay should be explained to the Guiding Faculty. . Exceptional Contacts. It is prudent to ask the Faculty the time when he could spend time over the phone with you. the entire group doing Dissertation will be present to get a feel of the progress of the other students and also to seek new perspectives. Use SMS extensively. attendance to which is Compulsory. list out the difficulties you surmounted and the lessons learned while achieving this milestone. There will be four Interwise sessions for the first four weeks. the Milestones to be achieved and your own personal capability of performing some activities. new insights into the problem/thesis etc. new perspectives new information sources. Faculty Interactive sessions.

in consultation with the Dissertation Program Coordinator. Final Report and Presentation Your Final report should be made according to the guidelines given in this Manual. the dissertation will be terminated. b. Completing the Proposal Form To ensure that the proposal is submitted in good form. The Proposal MUST have high value to the Company or the Industry or to the General Body of Knowledge. This could be a Problem in a real life Company or a Problem in an Industry or a Hypothesis to an existing Problem.H. all words will begin with a capital letter except for articles. For example: Correct Incorrect : Corporate Social Responsibility in UAE : CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN UAE d) Incorrect : Corporate social responsibility in UAE Problem Statement or Hypothesis Statement This is where the student will put the proposal for the Dissertation. Follow the University Guidelines Title of Project Paper This is to be typed in accordance with normal rules for title. . THE PROJECT PAPER PROPOSAL 1. who will invite two other members. There are two factors which MUST be evident in the Problem/Hypothesis statement: a. i. please note the following instructions: a) b) c) All proposal forms are to be completed in all respects.e. If at any time it is found that your proposal is similar or the same to any work already done. This should be done at lest 2 weeks prior to any proposed period of Presentations. This is ascertained by extensive literature research. Your presentation of the report will be scheduled by the Faculty Guide. The Proposal MUST be unique. etc. to form a panel of evaluation V. Part of your grading of the dissertation is linked to the usefulness of the topic Researched in the Dissertation. conjunctions.

Proposal Review and Presentation The Dissertation Guide will then review the proposal forms. analyze and interpret) data from secondary sources e. or thorough a web page. financial data from Bloomberg. In addition. etc. students are required to list the Aim and Objectives of their proposed research. or base of selection of sample in case of an Exploratory Survey). The Dissertation Guide may then question the student further on certain aspects of the research. 2. The proposal presentation to the Guide requires students to make a brief outline of the proposed area of research.g.e. the source of date (Secondary or Primary). the specification of the Population from which the information will be gathered (names of persons in case of an experience survey. use. The purpose of the proposal presentation is to enable the Guide to assess the following matters which are crucial in determining the potential successful completion of a project paper: • • • • • • Suitability of the topic Focus of the research Manageability of the research in relation to time Availability of the literature Sample selection and sample size Potential supervisor’s area of expertise and/or research interest and the proposed research The proposals will then be evaluated and the decision will fall under three categories: . Guidelines questions for unstructured interviews and full fledged Questionnaires for surveys.(Annexure –“E”) Please note that the category “Secondary Data’ refers to research studies which will utilize (i. The Aim must correspond with the Proposal and overcoming any problem or proving any Hypothesis stated therein. f) Proposed Research Method The Research Proposal will be made to achieve the Objectives mentioned in point 1(E) above. precautions to ensure accurate responses to ensure that the outcomes are not biased etc. the methodology of collecting information. government statistics. This should include the specific sequence of activities/research programs. by ticking the appropriate method listed in the Research Proposal form.by e-mail.e) Research Aim and Objectives In this part. over the phone . The objectives (There should be anywhere between 3 to 10 objectives) give specific methods of achieving the Aim.. Students are required to indicate the research methods to be used. the Sampling strategy with justification. Students are then required to make a brief presentation of the proposed area of research to the Guide. whether the surveys will be conducted personally. company annual reports.

showing to what extent the work submitted is the result of the candidate’s own investigations. signed by the candidate. which should be incorporated on to a single page at the beginning of the dissertation. This should not be misconceived as the sequence/schedule of work. PROJECT REPORT WRITING (Use this section ONLY when writing your Report as required in the Milestone 7 above. A statement. VI. depending on how you make this crucial document. Acknowledgement of other sources must be made. Proposal is approved with minor corrections. that the dissertation is being submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree. The student will then have to make another brief presentation of the new proposal. to certify that the work has not already been accepted in substance for any degree. the student may proceed with the research.• • • Proposal is approved as is. Statements & Declaration The dissertation must contain the following statements. in keeping with the contact with the Guide as specified in. as determined by the Dissertation Guide. • 3. Students are required to attend regular virtual meetings with the Guide. within 3 days. The revised Research Proposal will have to be re-submitted within a week to the Dissertation Guide for approval. Students will then have to resubmit their Research Proposal forms. Research area not approved. All your efforts in the completion of the Dissertation could bear fruit or be lost. signed by the candidate. The Final Report is the most important deliverable of the Dissertation Process. and is not being concurrently submitted in candidature for any degree. The Research Process Upon approval of the proposed area of research by the Dissertation Guide. Students will be required to change the focus of research. A statement. which is laid out exclusively by the Milestones listed above). a. You should keep in mind that . c. to the Guide for approval. “Procedures and Processes” sections A to E above. signed by the candidate. as shown in Appendix C. Students whose proposals are under this category may then proceed with the research study under the guidance of the respective supervisors. b. A declaration.

practice and policy. Chapter One: Introduction The purpose of this chapter is to state the research problems/issues/ hypotheses that will be examined in the project paper. Sequence of Chapters A typical format of the project paper will usually have the following sequence of chapters. Goals and research objectives. focussed. The specific “Problem Statement” or “Hypothesis”. area of research etc. v. the following sub-sections are included in writing the introduction chapter of project paper: i. Aim. Background of the Study – This section should inform the reader with the problem to be dealt with. iii. It is always useful for the student to discuss with his/her supervisor on the structure or organization of the project paper before writing commences. Definition of Terms. However.This section should state the contribution of the research to theory.it will be read by and discussed with a constructively critical audience. research questions. and then filter down to the Country Perspective. Hence the report. and effectively defend all thoughts conclusions drawn. . This section provides operational definitions of all principal variables in the study. vi. This should provide the background of the study and indicate to the reader in general terms what the researcher intends to study. the Industry Perspective and finally the specific Company Perspective. Goals and Objective) of the Study. the Aim. Limitations of the Study . Generally. based on sound theoretical foundations in the subject. by establishing a frame of reference for the problem. Research Questions and/or Hypotheses – This section should describe in detail. iv. and/or hypotheses of the research. A.This section should discuss the limitations/constraints of the study. should focus on the key issues. Organization of the Project Paper. Significance of the Study . who are equipped with practical domain experience and domain knowledge. THE ORGANIZATION OF THE PROJECT PAPER 1. ii. It is generally expected to give a generic Fobal perspective to the environment in which the problem exists. and reflect the scope and the importance/value in resolving the problem. This section is always placed last in chapter one and informs readers on the summary of contents to be presented in each of the remaining chapters. while not being too elementary. students may decide on the specific title of each chapter of the paper depending upon their individual style. a. vii. This statement sbould be concise.

Data analysis proposed. In other words. Sub-headings should reflect the major variables of the literature review. content or relevance of the literature to be reviewed in the sub-section and end with a sentence summarizing the conclusions or trends evident from the literature reviewed in that sub-section1. The aim of this chapter is to provide a complete description of the specific sequential steps to be followed. The following sub-sections may be relevant in the methodology chapter in a quantitative study:  Subjects or respondents – Target Population of Respondents. b. and Summary . Some authors prefer to discuss limitations of the study in the last chapter. b.Note: a. Chapter Three: Research Design and Methodology The methodology chapter describes the exact steps that will be undertaken to address the Goals and Objectives and hypotheses and/or research questions. this chapter needs to clarify the relationship between the proposed study and previous work conducted on the topic. and to provide empirical and theoretical bases for the research. depending on whether the research is quantitative or qualitative-based. It is recommended that the sub-section under each sub-heading begin with a sentence introducing the purpose. to further define the problem. c. Procedures and practices to be adopted for ensuring accurace and eliminating systemic and investigator bias errors. It is a common practice to write the first chapter of most research writings last. to allow a reader to replicate the study. Sampling Plan with emphasis on desired confidence levels of results. in sufficient detail. Either approach is acceptable. The Plan for each Target Population is then detailed as below:       Justification for selection of the Target Population. as long as the limitations of the study are presented and discussed. Instrumentation and channels used for information collection. although there is no hard and fast rule about this. The usual subsections in this chapter will vary. Chapter Two: Literature Review The main purpose of the literature review chapter is to expand upon the context and background of the study.

This chapter. but not in the conclusions chapter. It does help however. literature review. d. however. After describing the sample. regardless of the type of research3. potential significance for application and results of the study. it must always be linked to what has been said in the problem/ hypothesis statement and the Aim. It is useful to begin the last chapter with a summary of the main findings. However. the Goals and Objectives. methodology. specially the Aim. the next step is probably to address the research objectives or the hypotheses of the study. however. This helps to orient readers to the discussion that follows. whether for quantitative or qualitative research. it should be noted that the subheadings for different project papers using a qualitative approach might vary. Most data analysis and findings chapters begin with a description of the sample. depending on the actual research method used. The methods of analyses may differ. The last chapter has the following functions: i. The first research objective or hypothesis may be the first sub-heading. Goals and Objectives in the introduction and the literature review chapters. literature review. Nevertheless. they must be able to describe in sufficient detail the methods and procedures to permit replication of the study. the main concern should still be “making sense” of the data. e. Chapter Four: Data Analysis and Findings Tables and graphs are usually essential to a data analysis and findings chapter. does have a frame of reference – the introduction chapter. The conclusions chapter ties the results of the study to theory. the standards upon which reliability and validity are judged may not be the same. with the text describing in words what are shown in the tables and graphs. practice and policy by pulling together the theoretical background. clearly written and documented analysis. To conclude or summarize the findings of the study in the form of conclusions. must be responded to in the conclusions chapter. the details of the research dictate the content. The points raised in the introduction chapter. the use of tables and graphs. Simple demographics can be presented in written or tabular format. . and so on. This is important to justify the choice of method used in the study2. Chapter Five: Conclusions and Recommendations This chapter is often the most difficult to write because it is the least structured.Qualitative studies must meet the same criteria for completeness that quantitative studies do. In the introduction. The data analysis and findings chapter of a qualitative research will be slightly different. The second research objective or hypothesis may be the next sub-heading. and a careful consideration of the order and logic of the presentation 7 serve as the foundation of quality research. and the raw data upon which analyses is based assumes very different forms. that is. In discussing the methodology. and data analysis and findings chapters. if we understand the function of this chapter.

thus indicating directions that future research should take. c. Methodology: • Research method is inappropriate. Findings: • Incomplete findings. the conclusions chapter should also attempt to integrate the findings into an existing theory or generate original theory. • Important definitions are omitted. • Biasness in reporting. The problem statement: • The problem statement is too long or too trivial or not important. b. vi. v. this section is designed to answer the following questions: What do the findings mean? Why did the results. • Merely a list of summaries – lack of connection or flow of ideas. not turn out as expected? What circumstances accounted for the unexpected outcomes. To suggest extensions – This chapter should be concluded with suggestions for further research. wordy and too long. • Sources of data are not identified. replications. research questions and/or hypotheses presented in the introduction chapter. To theorize – Wherever possible. To integrate – This section attempts to tie the results together to achieve meaningful conclusions and generalizations. (In the former case. you should state in either the introduction chapter or the literature review chapter. To recommend or apply – Since management and business administration are applied fields. 2. iv. The suggested extensions can be offered in general or more specific form4. • Inappropriate statistical procedures. • Discussions of major findings are not linked to the research objectives. • Problem statement is ambiguous. ii. .To interpret – Here. • Tests of validity and reliability not undertaken. the existing theory that is to serve as a frame of 8 reference). if any. Some Common Errors in Project Papers a. research in these areas should provide recommendations that can be applied in practice. • Not sufficiently supported by empirical evidences and facts. between information collected from different Target Populations? iii. if any? What were some of the limitations of the study? What are the reasons for contradictions. d. if any. Literature review: • Not related to the objectives of the study. or refinements.

List of Sections a. iii. Chapter One: Introduction Chapter Two: Literature Review Chapter Three: Problem/Thesis Background & Scope. Preliminary pages (Roman Numbering) i. Supplementary Pages (No Pagination) i. Chapter Four: Research Design and Methodology Chapter Five: Data Analysis and Findings Chapter Six: Conclusions and Recommendations Chapter Seven: Further Research pointers.optional) b. Bibliography c. vi. 3. ii. v. ix. but not numbered ) Abstract Approval Page Declaration and Copyright Acknowledgements . vii. iii. Title Page – (counted as page i. Over generalization – concluding beyond the data collected and the scope of study5. v. iv. ii. viii. The Arrangement of the Contents of the Project Paper All project papers should be divided into appropriate chapters. Text (Page 1 begins with Chapter 1) i. viii. Symbols/Specialised Nomenclature (If any . vi. The following ordered list of project paper contents is supposed to serve as a guide.• • Results and analysis poorly summarized. Not all project papers will include all items listed below. The onus is on the students to provide a well-organized and well-written work.optional) . so students are advised to discuss this with their respective Guides well in advance before they start writing to avoid unnecessary changes in the final version of the project paper. iii. Appendices Glossary (if any – optional) Index (if any . ii.optional Table of ContentsList of Tables List of Figures/Illustrations List of Abbreviations. iv. vii.

the student may submit the Final Project Paper to the Guide and Internal Examiners for evaluation. B. bibliography and appendices. 10-point. on the fly. Be very careful to avoid spelling and grammatical errors. Please type in bold for headings and subheadings. The usage of bold variants of the same font style and underlining in the . Language The language of the project paper is English. use 10-point. Font size and type Candidates must use Times New Roman font. including the title page. approval page. please refer to Appendix VI. Font Size: • For text use 12-point font. Use short curt sentences. • For title page. GENERAL FORMAT OF WRITING THE PROJECT PAPER 1. • For footnotes. foreign words. No other fonts are acceptable. and automatically adjusts the page numbers. b. c. • For tables and figures. Font style Only one font style (Times New Roman) may be used through the entire thesis.4. The electronic copy of this Final Project Papers MUST reach the Internal Examiners. use the Word facility for automatic preparation of the Index. Headings should be typed in all upper case letters while sub-headings are to be typed in upper and lower case letters. at least 1 week before the scheduled presentation in defence of the Paper. table of contents. Exceptions to this can only be made for tables/figures/illustrations imported from other sources. Italic variants of the same font style may be used for labels. acknowledgment. Submission of Temporary-bound Copy (follow the University Guidelines) Upon completion of the project paper. • For Table of Contents. which automatically sets the Font size based on the Font size in the Body of the report. General Presentation Guidelines: a. book titles or occasional emphasis. main body. and getting the approval of his/her Dissertation Guide.

Underlining and boldface in the sub-headings is at the student’s discretion. e. Sub-headings should be in upper and lower-case. iii.0 spaces. f. Paragraphs Spacing between two paragraphs in the basic text should be set at 4.5” : 1” . Headings Chapter headings are to be centered and written in bold. vi. vii. Other sub-headings are to be aligned to the left margin and should be 14 point in font-size. The first sentence of a paragraph should be indented to 6 spaces. Abstract Explanatory footnotes Appendices Long headings or subheadings Long captions to tables. with single-spacing for the following exceptional circumstances only: i. A heading that appears as a last line on a page will not be accepted. Line spacing The project paper should be typed on one side of the page. figures. or plates Bibliography Tables Quotations g. The text should be double-spaced throughout. The font size for chapter headings is 16 point. upper case letters. viii. Pagination : 1” : 1. The font styles in the Bibliography will follow the Harvard Referencing System. ii. There should be a minimum of two lines of a paragraph at the bottom of the page under the heading. iv. d.5” : 1.text of headings and titles is at the student’s discretion. v. Margins and justification Set the justification to “full” and the margins to the following measurements: TOP BOTTOM LEFT RIGHT h.

etc. periods. All page numbers should be centered at the bottom of the page. using font size 10-point. Footnotes should be numbered consecutively with superscript numerals. Consider the following example: Wirth and Mitchell (1994) found that although there was a reduction in insulin dosage over a period of two weeks in the treatment condition compared to the control condition. b. Preliminary pages. the difference was not statistically significant. 2. ii.] ii. Use of Footnotes Footnotes must not be used for citing references. When you insert the page numbers. after or under the page number. underlining or other marks should appear before. Text Citations All Source Material given in the Bibliography must be documented in the body of the paper by citing the author(s) and date(s) of the sources. the year of publication appears in parentheses following the identification of the authors. Preliminary pages include all the sections that precede the text. i. The underlying principle here is that ideas and words of others must be formally acknowledged. d. Text pages. c.). Supplementary pages. a. They should be used only for useful extensions and excursions of information in the body of the text. i. No pagination. Compare this to the example in the following section. They are arranged and numbered using small Roman numerals (i. Page one should be the first page of Chapter One. Use Arabic numerals. set your position to “bottom of page (footer)” and alignment to “Centre”. iii. No hyphens. Footnotes should be in single spacing. The reader can obtain the full source citation from the list of references that follows the body of the paper. [Note: and is used when multiple authors are identified as part of the formal structure of the sentence. When the names of the authors of a source are part of the formal structure of the sentence. both the authors and years of publication appear in . This page should not be numbered though it is counted as page number (i). When the authors of a source are not part of the formal structure of the sentence. Title page.The following plan of page numbering has been standardized and must be observed.

Bergin. When a source that has six or more authors is cited. the first author's surname and "et al. (1991) showed that . four. Note also that when several sources are cited parenthetically. When it is necessary to cite a source that you have not read ("Grayson" in the following example) that is cited in a source that you have read ("Murzynski & Degelman" in the following example).. When that source is cited again. ix. Consider the following example: Reviews of research on religion and health have concluded that at least some types of religious behaviors are related to higher levels of physical and mental health (Gartner. Levin & Vanderpool. Bielema." are used. Bielema. use the following format for the text citation and list only the source you have read in the References list: Grayson (as cited in Murzynski & Degelman. Larson. When a source that has three. or five authors is cited. emails. 1996) identified four components of body language that were related to judgments of vulnerability. Payne et al. To cite a personal communication (including letters. all authors are included the first time the source is cited.. and as exact a date as possible. Paloma & Pendleton. Maton & Pargament. 1991). include initials." are used every time the source is cited (including the first time). 1991. . surname. Every effort should be made to cite only sources that you have actually read. & Allen. [Note: & is used when multiple authors are identified in parenthetical material. 1990. Payne. Because iv.1991). separated by semicolons. the first author's surname and "et al. 1991. Consider the following example: Reviews of research on religion and health have concluded that at least some types of religious behaviors are related to higher levels of physical and mental health (Payne. both authors are included every time the source is cited. 1991. vi. Bergin. When a source that has two authors is cited.parentheses. 1987.] iii. & Jenkins. v. they are ordered alphabetically by first authors' surnames. and telephone interviews). Koenig. & Jenkins.

Only works directly cited or quoted in the text should be included in the bibliography. To safeguard against inadvertent plagiarism. Do not use single-spacing.a personal communication is not "recoverable" information. and the usual rules laid down by the Mumbai Unviersity will apply. indent the first line of second and additional paragraphs five (5) to seven (7) spaces from the left margin. Students are strongly cautioned that if there is evidence that a part or parts of a project paper has/have been plagiarized. or otherwise. in the development of his/her report. Turnitin can also be a good source of finding new sources of information on the topic. For the text citation. of fewer than 40 words should be incorporated into the text and enclosed by double quotation marks (“……”). The bibliography should be single-spaced. plagiarize the work of others. or work”7. it is not included in the References section. with a font size of 12-points. either in direct quotation or by paraphrasing/reference. Exact page reference MUST be given for all quotations.. ii. • Pagination: The bibliography begins on a new page. 6 3. F. Plagiarism occurs when people “steal the words. 1978) claimed . . Long quotations. Bibliography Any research work. must contain a bibliography. Do not number the references. Students are advised to pay serious attention to this matter. use the following format: B. The bibliography must be presented according to the Harvard Referencing System format. All the references cited are listed in alphabetical order. which makes use of others’ works. 4. If the quotation is more than one paragraph. the project report could be rejected. and/or the work that rightfully belong to others and then present these words. Quotations i. and/or work as if this material were their own words. as it is a very serious offence to plagiarize the work of others. Display quotations of 40 or more words in a double-spaced block typewritten lines with no quotation marks. Indent five (5) to seven (7) spaces from the left margin without the usual opening paragraph indent. pass the same through Turnitin. ideas. Skinner (personal communication. the ideas. The best way to avoid plagiarism is to make proper documentation of the sources to which referred to in the project paper. the student must. and use the similarity report to rectify any lapses. A Note on Plagiarism (cut/copy/paste) Making proper text citations and providing accurate referencing for quotations are crucial to help ensure that students do not intentionally. listing all of these sources. Short quotations. at regular intervals. ideas. February 12..

Authors: Authors are listed in the same order as specified in the source. D. using surnames and initials." in parentheses following the authors. J. Entries are organized alphabetically by surnames of first authors. . Year of Publication: In parentheses following authors. Examples of sources i. R.Available from <http://www. Format: The references (with hanging indent) begin on the line following the Bibliography heading. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. iii.• • Heading: BIBLIOGRAPHY (centered.." for remaining authors. and periodical volume numbers . Notable people in psychology of religion. use "n.). Italicize titles of books. ii. Web document on university program or department Web site iv. If no publication date is identified. Invitation to the psychology of religion (2nd ed. Book Paloutzian. and finally city of publication. 1617-1626.psywww. 26. (n. with a period following the closing parenthesis. & Degelman. (1996). Commas separate all authors. Stand-alone Web document (no date) Nielsen.d.htm> [Accessed August 3.). titles of periodicals. in upper-case letters. Body language of women and judgments of vulnerability to sexual assault. list the first six and then use "et al. 2001] v. the title of the document begins the reference. (1996).com/psyrelig/psyrelpr. Most reference entries have three components: i. Stand-alone Web document (no author. If no author is identified.d. iii. E. When there are seven or more authors. on the first line). Journal of Applied Social Psychology. publisher (for book). Source Reference: Includes heading or title if article. M. F. no date) . Journal article Murzynski.

0 -0.). Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2001] Journal article from database Available [ from Hien.d. (1992). 503522. 20.Gender and society.edu/~mkearl/gender. Article or chapter in an edited book Shea. Please refer to the example given in the next page. Religion and Mental Health (pp. from PsycINFO database. Journal of Applied Social Psychology.. & Honeyman.0 -1. printed in font size 10-point. [online] <http://www. K.. Example: Table Table 1: Car Sales.). .1 1. from ProQuest database. (2000).. (n.trinity. 5. J. D. [Accessed May 20. (1990). Source(s) of data must be placed at the bottom left of the tables and figures.3 2. D. Religion and sexual adjustment.3 SEA-4 Japan NAFTA Western Europe World Source: IMF (1999).. Tables and Figures Use font size 10-point and single spacing. New York: Oxford University Press. 2001] x.[ Abstract Accessed July 23. Schumaker (Ed. Title of the tables and figures must be placed on the top. Selected World Markets. T. D. F.. [online] Effect of server introduction on restaurant tipping. 70-84). 15. 168-172. [online] A closer look at the drug abusematernal aggression link. Charts and graphs must be centered.html> [Accessed December 3. In J. Number all tables and figures with Arabic numerals in the order in which the tables are first mentioned in the text. & Degelman. 1991-97 1991 621 4868 9445 1350 0 3343 2 000’ Units 1994 261 4210 10154 11934 33359 1997 585 4492 9333 13408 36161 Growth (%) 1991-97 14. 2000] Abstract from secondary database Garrity.

5”. 2002 Acronym of the name of the University i. Cover The information printed on the cover must be with gold-coloured letters of 16 point font size and must be in the following order: The TITLE of the project paper appears at the top of the cover.g. b. and quotations too long for inclusion and not immediately essential to an understanding of the subject. Cover and Spine a. Formulae. Appendices All appendices should be placed after the bibliography. superscripts.5”. Spine Information printed on the spine must be with gold-coloured letters of 16 point font size. Appendix III. acronyms and abbreviated forms in general are to be spelled out. Greek letters. IIUM The top and bottom margins of the spine should be 2. etc.6. symbols. This section may be divided into sections as Appendix I. Any figures or tables included in the appendix should be numbered and captioned as for all text tables and figures. with appropriate titles. It should include meaningful keywords descriptive of the subject and content. Appendix II.. This section is optional and will depend on the content of the individual project paper. The NAME of the student used on the cover must match the name that appears on the Approval Page and Declaration and Copyright Page. It contains supplementary illustrative material.e. The top and bottom margins for the cover must be 2. original data. . 7. and must be in the following order: • • • • Name of author Acronym of the name of the degree (MASTERS DEGREE) Year e. All information printed on the cover must be centered.

Queen Elizabeth. OECD. the KGB. There is no need to give the initials of an organization if it is not referred to again. ASEAN. abbreviations. 45kw. PORIM. with no points. should usually be preceded by the. UMNO). When used with figures. . lb. NATO. CIF. the vice-chancellor. 1850AD). and the authority rather than MIDA. Thus. but not for people. Other organizations. we write. 19th). as should AD and BC (200BC. Professor Yusof. 89rpm. these lower-case abbreviations should follow immediately. Chairman Mao. 100kph. try not to repeat the abbreviation too often. People: Use upper case for ranks and titles when written in conjunction with a name. UNESCO. PLO. On their own. Mr. Use lower case for measures (like kg.C. IOU. Chuah. SDR. VicePresident Gore. but lower case when on their own. ISIS. km. 2. Capitals The general rule is to use capital letters for organizations and institutions. write the words in full on first appearance: thus Malaysian Trade Union Congress (MTUC). Mahathir.g.. Abbreviations that can be pronounced and are composed of bits of words rather than just initials should be spelled out in upper and lower case: Comecon. should be followed by commas.. for example. the chairman of ABC. except companies. the EPU. 25kg. An abbreviation that can be pronounced (like NAFTA. A NOTE ON WRITING STYLE 1. the institute rather than ISIS. with no space (9am. e. for example. 35mm. Dr. Abbreviations Unless an abbreviation or acronym is so familiar that it is used more often than the full form (like GATT. whether they can be pronounced as words or not (GNP. Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamed. the prime minister of Malaysia. Unimas. mph). ISIS) does not generally require the definite article (use of the before the abbreviation). Profesor Idrus. write the organization rather than NATO. GDP.e. UMNO. Petronas. LIFO. R&D) should be set in capitals. After the first mention. the BBC. IMF. FOB. 1. the UNCHR. In the text. 2. though they are set in capitals. Abbreviations like i. Maybank.

00 or 6RM) RM3. Middle East. Thus. NZ$ (New Zealand dollar). Democratic Action Party. south-east of Sarawak). The third world (an unsatisfactory term now that the communist second world has all but disappeared) is lower case. Samarahan district. Other dollars are differentiated by the initials: A$ (Australian dollar).RM5. Peninsula Malaysia). New Economic Policy. Treaty of Pangkor. Britain. Acts. So is Kuala Lumpur city. Departments. South-East Asia. C$ (Canadian dollar). areas or countries (The Hague. Renaissance.000) RM3m . S$ (Singapore dollar).000 (not RM5. Historical Periods: These are in upper case: the Great Depression.Organizations.: Generally take upper case when their full name is used. etc.000 . To avoid confusion. Middle Ages. Ministries.RM5m) RM3 billion – 5 billion (not RM3 . 3. For Malaysian currency: RM150 (no space between RM and 150) RM6 (not RM6. Industrial Revolution.5m (not RM3m . etc. it is advisable to use US$. regions.5 billion) 40 ringgit 25 sen RM40. Amnesty International. the Gulf. Republican. East Asia. but use lower case to indicate direction (northern Malaysia. Petroleum Act.25 For other currencies: 1m pesos (Philippines) 200 rupees (India) 2m rupiah (Indonesia) Y 5 billion (Japanese Yen) DM678 (German Deutschemark) .5. Ministry of Trade and Industry. Bank Negara Malaysia. 3. Political Parties. High Court. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Currencies Normally.000 . the West. Places: Use initial capitals for definite geographical places. we use $ to refer to the United States Dollar (USD) as the standard international currency and in general convert currencies to $ on first mention.

8m). spelled out in words. write the number in words instead.g. Thus.3 per cent).g.000m. two-fifths) and. 2m – 3m (not 2 – 3m) and 2 billion – 3 billion or 2bn – 3bn. 5. except: in references to pages. in that order.000 – 3. Use m for million.15. Compare decimals with decimals. Instead.5%). But in a sentence. figures and hyphens may be used.4. 4m. 1990s Monday 7th June 1980-85 mid-1990s .g.8m (not RM5m – 5. 8 and 6 cases respectively). with no commas: 6th July 6th July 1999 August 1976 10th – 12th May 1995 1st May – 2nd June 2001 20th century 21st century ideas 5. … estimated to be between 7m and 8m (not 7m – 8m). a thirtieth anniversary).g. Sales rose from RM5m to RM5.35. and fractions with fractions.g. 25 ½). Use fractions for rough figures (e. Use words for simple numerals from one to ten.. Avoid statements like The rate increased from 5 ½ to 7. 8 ¼).. US$4m. There were 12. They decided by nine votes to six… (not 9:6). a ratio of one-to-ten. Otherwise. Fractions should be hyphenated (one-third. Use 2. unless they are attached to whole numbers (4 ¾. 20 ½ million population. 3. three-quarters. use in 1950-60 or from 1950 to 1960. Dates Stick to the conventional: day. Where a ratio is being used adjectively. The index fell by 2. Use figures for numerals from 11 upwards. about 1 ½ hectares) and decimals for more exact ones (e. except in charts or tables. but only if one of the figures is greater than ten: thus a 25-20 vote. year. month. 6 billion. and in sets of numerals some of which are higher than ten (e. Do not compare a fraction with a decimal. 7. where bn is permissible.. spell out the figures and use to: a three-to-two vote..000. Avoid using from 1950-60 or between 1950 – 60.. 4. which means 1. but spell out billion. RM6 billion. Figures Never start a sentence with a figure. and for all numerals include a decimal point or a fraction (e. even when the figures are higher than ten (a tenth of them. a 12-8 vote. in percentages (e. 2 – 3%.

metres to yards. VII. Relevance and importance of Subject of research: Selection of a relevant and useful topic for dissertation earns you 10 % of the Grade. especially American spelling has been widely accepted now. when the Methodology and Schedule report is sent to the Faculty Guide. 2. Always write percentage. then stick to it. Adhering to Milestone Schedule: Adhering to Schedule of the Milestones given in this note will fetch you a further 10 % of the grade. (20) . and titles. 38%.g. 21. 8. Measurements In most contexts. preferably use British English rather than American English or any other kind. kilometers (or km) to miles. Every stage of the Milestones plays a vital role in defining the utility of the Dissertation and hence the marking will be done as follows: 1. but % can be used in tables and charts or in parentheses. though in most contexts proportion or share is preferable. and 10% for the presentation). well begun is half done. The value of the dissertation and the potential for obtaining useful information from the dissertation will be decided at the third Milestone. kilos to lb. go metric: prefer hectares to acres. Decide early which English to use.). use per cent (e. Thus. Final Report and Presentation: The final Report and its presentation will fetch you 80% of the grade (70% for the Report. The Final Report will be evaluated on the following basis: a. As the saying goes. litres to gallons. but the key rule is: be consistent. or in a sentence: Of about 1.In a full sentence. 3. Full stops Use plenty.. nearly 300 (or 25%) failed. EVALUATION (left to respective University Guidelines) Evaluation of your Dissertation would be done on the basis of the efforts put in to achieve meaningful Aims and objectives of the Thesis/Problem. not %age. But do not use full stops in abbreviations or at the end of headings or rubrics. The quality and effectiveness of research done during the project. They keep sentences short and simple. etc. But American English. About 15 per cent of the population were …. keep to the original spelling9. The final choice is up to the writer.4%. 6. Celsius to Fahrenheit. places.200 students who sat for the examinations. 7. For names of companies. British and American English For conventional reason. and the selection of the problem is important.

There are numerous grammatical errors found throughout the entire paper.(20) Application of Theory in the preparation of the Dissertation. This is not acceptable for research papers. i. SAMPLE OF COMMENTS FROM GUIDE Below are some sample comments on the final project papers. unclear if the pilot test was carried out but you did not make any mention to it or. you did not conduct a pilot test. If it is the latter case.(3) IX. e. f. In the case of the latter.(3 Ability to communicate ideas effectively within the specified Word Limit.e. be free from obvious and glaring grammatical errors. your literature review chapter needs to be re-written. Consequently.b. You MUST ensure that any work not cited within the text. alternatively. is NOT listed in the bibliography. textbooks. (3) Format and Visual Presentation of the Report.(7) Cross Functional references and linkages to the Dissertation. this is a major flaw of the research process and may lead to unreliable and/or invalid findings. you should at least have referred to it in your discussion of the limitations of the study. d. The Committee requires that you send your project paper for professional editing to ensure that the paper meets minimum acceptable standards. The methodology chapter does not make any mention of a pilot test for the selfdeveloped questionnaire instrument. The Committee also observed that you had not cited all items listed in the bibliography. 3. It is however. Students are strongly advised to review these comments and try as much as possible. your literature review fails to reveal the relation between what has previously been done by others in your area of research and what you did in your research. rather than periodicals. and in particular. 1. i. Soundness of logic in deriving conclusions and recommendations. to minimize the possibility of getting similar comments on their project papers. in the main text. In some instances. The paper needs to be edited for overall coherence. 2. Your literature review does NOT lead to a theoretical and empirical justification of the research objectives. c. g. 4. h. The references listed in the bibliography appear to comprise largely. . there are problems with sentence structure.(10) Clear sequential and logical flow of thoughts through out the report(7) Proper referencing of all sources of information according to the Harvard Referencing System(7) Clear Precise and error free English.

This statement should be approved by the organization on which you are doing the project. Earlier Surveys conducted on a similar/ subject. which has to be approved by your Dissertation Guide. This involves some preliminary work. ii) Experimental research where one controls the environment and applies a few variables and checks out the effect of those variables. To enable you to get an approval. the Business Problem Statement should be clear and precise. Objectives and Scope of Project: The Aim of the project should be to resolve the problems. and explain the reasons for your selecting the Projects. the Internet. If the data is to justify a cause. The written statement. Please ensure that when secondary information is collected that it is properly referenced. it could be biased. (Due end of week 5) 3. This ensures that there is no drift in the requirements of the Project. 2. Aim. This could be divided into: i) Exploratory Research: To gain further knowledge and information before plunging into the full scale research. Primary Research. as the Project selected would be the basis of your work for the Dissertation Process. and support from the organization. and meetings to ensure that the Projects proposed are feasible and of practical use. and at this stage you will delve briefly into the type of information and the format in which they would be presented to achieve each objective. as you might need to get some confidential information during the course of your research. or to prove the Hypothesis of the project. during the actual research. These could include any one or a combination of the following: a. and is not biased because of the reasons of its compilation e. Hypothesis/Problem Selection: (Due week 3) You need to select a Thesis or a Business Problem to research.X. . EXPLANATION OF MILESTONE TASKS 1. one needs to know some of the methods available for collection of information.g. relevant to your Project. Methodology and Schedule: To arrive at the Methodology to be used in collecting information/Data. please ensure that you have adequate access to information on the subject. One has to be careful to ensure that the secondary information is authentic. Secondary Research: Getting information which is already available. You will need to then list out specific objectives that have to be achieved to satisfy the Aim of the project. If it is a Business Problem you are researching. These should be very specific. The sources of Secondary Research could be Government Records. This is a crucial stage. where the information is collected directly by you for the specific purpose of this report. so that he could guide you in making a selection. b. s this would put your schedules out of gear. While selecting a Project. you need to present at least three alternatives to the Dissertation Guide. duly approved by the Company should be sent to your Dissertation Supervisor.

Research Activity/Data Collection: You will need to do some Time Management. In this report you will follow ALL the guidelines on writing the report as given earlier in this report. Especially for information collected from the net. along with the recommendations. Procrastination is the biggest pitfall at this stage of the project. Remember. Analysis of Data/Information: This stage really starts even as you collect Data. This is the time. and select a sample to survey. By doing this. (Due end of week 18) 7. and the need of re-doing the survey. You should read some books/articles on the Research Process. You will need to discuss this topic in detail with your instructor. and set up some schedules for yourself to ensure that you are on track with the completion of work. questionnaires. This is the point at which you also specify the scope of your Project. (Due end of week 17) 6. even while you capture the information. It is helpful to repeat each objective. (Due end of week 7) 4. First Draft of Final Report: Make final tables and the rough report on the Dissertation. and the methods of conducting surveys e. Open-ended personal interviews. (Completion by end of week 15) 5. with ideas of how the information will be arranged for analysis. telephonic interviews. if your planning right from the scope stage. This will avoid the pitfall of finding that some relevant information has not been collected during the sate 4 above. This will save you a lot of time searching for the sites while completing the Bibliography and References in your Final Report. when your weekly reports to your Dissertation Guide will help you to keep up with your work schedule. and specify what is included and what is not included in your Project. capture the URL. Review and reinforcement of Findings: .(iii) Survey Research: Here you need to define the population for whom you are trying to get information. and then show the findings and conclusions. Conclusions and Recommendations: Make sure that the Conclusions tally on a one to one basis with the Aim and Objectives of the Project. This scope should be sufficient to achieve the objectives listed earlier. so as to derive this information. (Due end of Week 19) 8. You will treat this as your Final Report. Make sure you plan out how the data will be compiled for analysis.g. prior to undertaking the actual work. will save you a lot of headaches at this stage. and check the results even as some information comes through during your data collection in point 4 above. you are sure you have not overlooked some objective of the survey. with all the Analysis and conclusions complete. internet surveys etc. observation. You need to know some of the models of sampling. Here one needs to remember to make notes on all information collected. This will form the base of your further investigation/refinement as given in point 8 below.

and compress/expand it if necessary. Finishing Touches before Submission and Presentation: Further fine tune and put finishing touches. Make sure there are no anomalies in the referencing. Make sure that the Table of contents is correct and with correct pages (this problem is solved by using the Indexing capability of Word. (Completion by end of week 21) 9. Check for having the report within the Word Limit prescribed. as decided in point 8 above. which you have not clarified well in your draft report. Check that all the References in the Bibliography are actually referenced in the Main Body of the report. Here you will look into the language. You might find some questions being asked. Check that there is no repetition in your report.This is usually done through an “Experience Survey” where you meet some knowledgeable persons on the subject and discuss your findings and conclusions. in which case you will attempt to conduct a quick research to get the deficient information. You mighe even find some information lacking.(Completion by end of week 22) 10. and you might be able to make the Report fully self explanatory. (Report submission by end of week 22 – Presentation latest by week 24) . Final Submission of Report and Presentation: Submit final Report and Power Point for Presentation of the dissertation. which changes the Headings/Subheadings and pages onthe-fly.

Source: <http://www.ac.html> [accessed on 05/01/07] .uk/lrs/guides/harvard. ) Please log into the URL below to get this guide.ANNEXURE II Brief Guide to the Harvard Referencing System.tvu.

..... Signed .......... STATEMENT 2 This dissertation is the result of my own independent work and investigation........ANNEXURE III (respective University Guidelines to be followed) Layout for the declaration page to be included in the dissertation: DECLARATION This work has not previously been accepted in substance for any degree and is not being concurrently submitted in candidature for any degree..... etc) Signed ........................................... STATEMENT 1 This dissertation is being submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of: ....................………………................................................. Signed ............................... MSc..................... (candidate) Date .... (ie MA.......... A bibliography is appended.............. Other sources are acknowledged by footnotes giving explicit references......... except where otherwise stated.............................. ....................…......................................…........... (candidate) Date ............................................................................... MBA......................................................................….........…..... (candidate) Date ..

ANNEXURE IV (respective University Guidelines to be followed) Schedule of the Dissertation Process (DISSERTATION ACTIVITY SCHEDULE) (Please refer to a separate Excel sheet provided by the Dissertation Supervisor) .

ANNEXURE V (respective University Guidelines to be followed) : Research Proposal Form. explaining your project and justifying your selection of the topic) . SUMMARY OF DISSERTATION APPENDIX 4 Summary of Dissertation (1) (2) (Please attach separately a Literature Review of at least 10 pages covering a minimum of 25 reliable sources of information that relate directly and support your Topic as Unique and Valuable. (This is a general write-up of at least 3 pages. in your own exclusive style.

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