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The flintlock gun was a weapon used for hunting and defense. Used in modern settings at re-enactments for educational purposes. Lock Barrel
The 3 main components of the Flintlock are the lock, stock and barrel. The lock is the area of primary function of the weapon. This is the area in which the gunpowder and the projectile is packed down to. The gunpowder behind the projectile will be the fuel to force the projectile out of the barrel. The stock is the general skeleton or foundation of the gun. The barrel is a metal tube – long or short depending upon a musket, carbine, blunderbuss or pistol – with an open end facing away from the carrier and an enclosed end where the lock is placed on the gun. Often referred to as the bore. The lock is the mechanism that triggers the gunpowder inside the barrel to combust and force the projectile out.
When the flint strikes the metal frizzen. creating explosive gases which force the projectile out at incredible speeds. This piece has the screw where a good piece of flint is place firmly between the top jaw and lower jaw of the cock. Pulling the cock back will activate the tumbler on the inside of the lock plate and hook upon the sear lock. The sparks activate and combust this small amount of gunpowder to cause the same combustion inside the barrel through the pin hole which is located next to the pan. splinter when firing or fall out. sparks are created. but the function is generally the same. The first function of the lock to prepare it for firing is the cock or hammer. But this is not the first function of the lock. How the lock activates is: The trigger on the bottom half of the lock is where the finger is placed. the cock must be back at least 2 clicks to put it at full cock and ready to fire. it awaits for the lock to activate. one click is not a full cock back. With the gunpowder and projectile packed into the enclosed end of the barrel. With the cock back. The sparks inside the barrel combust the gunpowder. this strikes the flint down upon the frizzen – the piece of metal that is vertical in front of the cock. The use of a piece of leather the size of the flint is necessary so the flint does not crack. but a half cock back. To fire the gun properly. These sparks are directed downwards to the pan which is a small encasement that holds a tiny amount of gunpowder. . Be careful though. the trigger mechanism will release the tumbler from the sear.The appearance of the lock varies with location.
is a twice a day routine that helps you organize and ensure your weapons free of unwanted items as well as cleaned properly using the ramrod during these inspections as your commander observes your weapon. Make sure to put a toothpick or something small enough to plug the pin hole. Each time you swab you must use a new. How to maintain your flintlock is rather easy but sometimes time consuming. Once you have cleaned out the barrel of the gunpowder. Carefully remove the screws on the opposite side while holding onto the lock. Repeat this part of the cleaning process until the water that comes out of the barrel is clean and clear. This helps to prevent rust from damage to the barrel and lock parts. Pour hot water into the barrel to the top. . During Re-enactment inspections. again. Again using a clean piece of cloth. clean piece of cloth.Maintenance of the Flintlock Each part of the flintlock is vital to the functioning of the gun. Items needed to clean out your gun: Hot water Cold water Several cloth strips about 1 ½ inches in height by 5 to 10 inches in length Remington Oil Ramrod Or A shotgun cleaning kit Before you begin cleaning. you use Remington Oil to lubricate and preserve the metal of the gun. Maintaining the flintlock will ensure your gun will function. Wrap a strip of cloth through and around the ramrod or your shotgun cleaning rod. take your cold water and pour down the barrel filling it to the top of the barrel. it is essential. Do not by any means clean or touch the oil that is within the lock mechanism. ensuring your gun functioning. The oil is essential for the functioning of the lock. Swab the inside of the barrel for a few seconds. You can’t have the water seeping out when you pour it into the barrel. swab the inside of the barrel for a few seconds. You can now remove the toothpick or whatever you are using to plug the pin hole. So maintaining this weapon is important. Inspect it personally & even have someone else inspect it. Now that the lock has been removed and the pin hole is plugged. Remember to inspect your weapon to make sure it is free and clear of any unwanted objects. Then remove the rod and dump out the water. you need to remove the lock. The hot water will dry faster and it’s important that you use cold water first then hot water second. If not properly cared for your gun will perform poorly and you risk endangering yourself. Now you want to pour out the hot water. But.
Their size or gauge is based upon the barrel size. Pour the rest of the powder into the barrel. the roundball would sit at the bottom of the cartridge with the gunpowder on top of it. Close the frizzen. Once measured. With the gunpowder within the barrel. The cartridge is paper rolled up from a special pattern with a wood round pin or dowel no bigger than ¾ diameter with a ½ inch of paper off the wood pin. or fold the end to ensure that the gunpowder remains inside the cartridge. The amount of grains must be level with the top of the measure. carbine. rifle.Firing a flintlock Firing the weapon is a series of events that will lead up to a successful firing. Refer & follow gun safety laws of the state you are in or will be attending any event in any state when you have your flintlock with you. too much gunpowder is just as bad as too little. Once the paper is rolled up. fold in the ½ inch end. Pour a little gunpowder into the pan. The amount of gunpowder in the cartridge is dependent highly upon what type of flintlock you have – musket. The bullet of these weapons are round balls made originally of lead. A flintlock is as dangerous a weapon as any other weapon. follow the steps of activating the lock to fire the flintlock. If using a projectile. that would be poured into the barrel after the gunpowder then you would use the ramrod to pack the gunpowder and roundball in. If a roundball was inside the cartridge. . By no means should you overload the measure. But you do not use the ramrod to pack the gunpowder in while at re-enactments due to safety regulations. pour the gunpowder grains carefully into the paper cartridge. blunderbuss or pistol. Remember gun safety at all times. twist. This part is the bottom of you cartridge. With the gunpowder inside the paper cartridge. just tear off the loosely folded top with your teeth. It’s so specific that you count by grains with a grain measure. roll. When using the cartridge.
JPG Brown Bess English Musket http://www.1 60-70 1 .1 3/8 115-125 1 3/8 -1 1/2 .1 1/4 90-100 1F OR 2F 65-75 1 .1 1/4 3/8 . GRAINS SHOT OZ.More information on the flintlock Anatomy of the cartridge Measurements of gunpowder grains per gauge SUGGESTED SHOTGUN LOADS 10 GAUGE 12 GAUGE 16 GAUGE GRANULATION CLAY PIGEON OR BIRD HUNTING FULL CHARGE GRAINS SHOT OZ. 1F OR 2F 1F OR 2F 90-110 1 1/4 .710 .de/Blueprints/BrownBess.mekschuetzen.gif .645 APPROX.1 1/8 75-85 20 GAUGE 1F OR 2F 50-60 3/4 .1 1/8 .de/Blueprints/1766CharlevilleMusket.de/Blueprints/Brown_Bess_Pedersoli_bp.mek-schuetzen.JPG Pedersoli Replica Brown Bess Musket http://www.600 1 1/4 .760 75-85 1 . ROUND BALL DIAMETER Blueprints to acquire Charleville French Musket http://www.mekschuetzen.1 1 1/8 .700-.
howstuffworks.de/Sites/navi_links_blkpowder.** Note: these instructions are in German.keyaccess.aye.hegewisch. .net/pirates/weapons. Rinner from unnamed sources but were acquired from Colonial Williamsburg & the Yorktown Victory Center in Virginia. L. items and information are collected by S.htm http://ftp.nl/~weegf02/Wapens/Flintlock_anatomy.mek-schuetzen.html http://science.net/~bspen/flintlockfaq.gif Other images.html http://muzzleloadingandmore.com/flintlock.htm http://blindkat.** Bibliography & reference material Websites for images & additional info: http://members.com/points_of_interest/ http://www.
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