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Experiment 2 1. To determine the spring coefficient and the natural frequency of single degree freedom. Experiment 3 1. To demonstrate the oscillation of single degree freedom system. 2. To investigate the behaviors for free vibration and damped.
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Knob Spring Carrier bar Dead weight (20N) Damper Damping Open/Close handle ON/OFF switch box
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Motor Marking Indicator Graph / paper Drum collector Roller Aluminium profile frame
5. 9. 3. 4. Experiment 2 1. The 5N dead weight is slowly placed on the carrier bar. Lastly. the paper of the oscillation graph is collected. 8. The deflection gap in between is obtained by switching ON the motor.Experiment 1 1. First experiment is used spring T1. 9. The cap is removed from the marking indicator. The apparatus level is adjusted on the four foot screws that provided to ensure that the apparatus is stabled and sitting squarely onto the bench. 7. The paper of oscillation graph is collected. Experiment 3 1. The dead weight is pulled down to a desired height stated on the indicator pasted. Then the motor is switched ON. The spring oscillated a few times to get accurate reading. 6. 6. A graph or paper is pasted on the roller and collector. First experiment is used spring T1. 2. The experiment is repeated by using the spring T2 and T3. 5. The step is repeated with an increment of 5N each until the total weight is reached 25N. . 11. 7. 2. The next experiment is repeated by using the spring T2 and T3. 20N weight is slowly placed on the carrier bar. 10. Then the height of the motorized chart recorder is adjusted. The damper is setup and the damper system is aligned properly. 8. The experiment is started by using T1 4. The apparatus on a flat laboratory bench or table is set up and the springs are changed. The motorized chart recorder is setup as in experiment 1. Then the motor is switched OFF and ensure a correct oscillation pattern is collected. 3. 2.
T2 and T3 are get about the same frequency but have a difference wave length. 2. the damping handle is rotated into clockwise to close the air gap. the paper of the oscillation graph is collected. T2 (8mm) and T3 (10mm). we have to use paper for the oscillation pattern and the point to get an accurate reading. 10. The damper will stomp the surface bar of the apparatus when a 25N is included. 6.The experiment is repeated by using the spring T2 and T3. According to the results. The 20N weight is slowly place on the carrier bar. 4. 7. The dead weight is pulled down to a desired height stated on the indicator pasted 9. the maximum weight that can be exerted is 15N. 8. the maximum force that can be exerted by spring T1 (4mm) is 20N weight. 5. So the damper will stomp if the weight is more than 15N. the oscillation patterns from spring T1. To test the damped vibration experiment. 12. The error in this experiment.Lastly. Experiment 2 1. There are a lot of error during the experiment: . 2. 11. Then the motor is switched ON. According to the results. To test the free vibration experiment. Then the motorized chart recorder is setup as in Experiment 1 and 2.Then the motor is switched OFF and ensure a correct oscillation pattern is collected. the damping handle is rotated into counter clockwise to open the air gap. DISCUSSION Experiment 1 1.3. 3. The spring oscillated a few times to get accurate reading.
Experiment 3 1. we know that the oscillation pattern will show longer in deflection and the farther gap between 1 cycles (x) if a longer spring is used for T1 and lesser weight is placed on the carrier bar. All the springs have already elongated. This experiment can be place only 15N maximum weight load because the damper will stomp the bar of the apparatus if the weight is exceed 15N. Also when the damper is opened.a. This experiment can be place only 15N maximum weight load because the damper will stomp the bar of the apparatus if the weight is exceed 15N. The oscillation pattern in T1(4mm) under the condition of damped and undamped Damped: 1) frequency distribution is less 2) wave length is less when compared with undamped Undamped: 1) frequency distribution is more 2) wave length is more CONCLUSION Base on all the experiments from 1 until 3. REFERENCE . It makes lack of experimental. the oscillation result will get more deflection because the air can go through out the damper without any pressure inside the damper. b. We do not have enough group members during the experiment. c. So it will not get an actual result.
. Russell Johnston. Beer. Ferdinand P. Chapter 9 (Deflection of Beams). E. and pg 150. McGraw-Hill. John T. pg 136-137. DeWolf. Mechanics of Materials Fourth Edition in SI Units. 2006.1. Jr.