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Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar B.Tech. Electronics & Communication Engg. Study scheme
3rd Semester Course code AM-201 EE-201 EC-201 EC-203 Course Title Applied MathematicsIII Network Analysis & Synthesis Electronics Devices & Circuits Electronic Measurement & Instrumentation L 4 3 3 3 T 1 2 1 1 P 0 0 0 0 Int. 40 40 40 40 Ext. 60 60 60 60 TOTAL 100 100 100 100
Object Oriented CS –252 Programming using C++ EC-205 EC-207 CS-254 WS Lab.-I (Electronic Devices & Networks) Lab.-II (Instrumentation) Lab.-III (Object Oriented Programming) *Workshop Training TOTAL
3 0 0 0 16
1 0 0 0 6
0 2 2 2 6
40 30 30 30 60 350
60 20 20 20 40 400
100 50 50 50 100 750
Course Course Title code EC-202 Analog Electronics EC-204 Digital Electronics EC-206 Signals and Systems EC-208 Electromagnetic Field Theory Lab.-IV (Analog Electronics) Lab.-V (Digital Electronics) Lab.VI (Linear Control Systems) General Fitness TOTAL
L 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0
T 1 2 1 1 2 0 0 0
P 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2
Int. 40 40 40 40 40 30 30 30 100
Ext. 60 60 60 60 60 20 20 20
TOTAL 100 100 100 100 100 50 50 50 100
IC-204 Linear Control Systems EC-210 EC-212 IC-212
** There should be industrial/institutional training of 6 weeks duration in the summer vacation after 4th semester
5th Semester CODE EC-301 ME-251 EC-303 EC-305 EC-307 EC-309 EC-311 EC-313 EC-315 SUBJECT Analog Communication Systems Total Quality Management Antenna & Wave Propagation Linear Integrated Circuits Microprocessors & its applications Pulse, Digital & Switching Circuits Lab-VII: Analog Communication Systems Lab-VIII: Linear Integrated Circuits Lab-IX: Microprocessors Institutional Training TOTAL: 32 Contact Hrs. TH TUT PR INT 3 1 0 40 3 1 0 40 3 1 0 40 3 1 0 40 3 1 0 40 3 1 0 40 0 0 2 30 0 0 2 30 0 0 2 30 60 18 6 6 EXT 60 60 60 60 60 60 20 20 20 40 TOTAL 100 100 100 100 100 100 50 50 50 100 850
6th / 7th Semester* CODE EC-302 EC-304 EC-306 CE-216 EC-308 * EC-310 EC-312 EC-314 EC-316 SUBJECT Microwave & Radar Engineering Digital Communication Micro-Controller & Embedded Systems Environment Science Digital Signal Processing Department Elective-I Lab-X: Microwave Engineering Lab-XI: Digital Communication Lab-XII: Micro-Controller Lab-XIII: Digital Signal Processing using MATLAB General Fitness TOTAL: 33 Contact Hours TH TUT PR 3 1 0 3 1 0 3 1 0 3 1 0 4 1 0 3 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 19 6 08 INT 40 40 40 40 40 40 30 30 30 30 100 460 EXT 60 60 60 60 60 60 20 20 20 20 440 TOTAL 100 100 100 100 100 100 50 50 50 50 100 900
Department Elective-I: 1. DE-1.1: Cellular & Mobile Communication 2. DE-1.2: Microelectronics 3. DE-1.3: Human Resource Management 4. DE-1.4: Virtual Instrumentation 5. DE-1.5: Neural Network & Fuzzy Logic
6th / 7th Semester* Course Title 6-month Industrial Training Internal 500 Ext.Viva 500 TOTAL 1000
4. DE-2.5: Engineering Economics *** Department Elective-III: 1. DE-2. DE-3.1: Operating System DE-3.1: Industrial Electronics 2.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 8th Semester CODE CS-402 EC-404 EC-406 ** *** EC-408 EC-410 SUBJECT Computer Networks Optical Fiber Communications VLSI Design & Technology Department Elective-II Department Elective-III Lab-XIV: VLSI Major Project General Fitness TOTAL: 30 Contact Hours TH TUT PR 4 1 0 3 1 0 4 1 0 3 1 0 3 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 6 17 5 8 INT 40 40 40 40 40 30 180 100 510 EXT 60 60 60 60 60 20 120 440 TOTAL 100 100 100 100 100 50 300 100 950 ** Department Elective-II: 1.3: Satellite Communications DE-3. 4 .4: Mechatronics 5. DE-2. DE-2. DE-2.2: Wireless Communication Systems & Network 3. 5.5: TV Engg.4: Reliability Engg. DE-3.2: Image Processing DE-3. 3. 2.3: Bio-Medical Electronics 4.
Bessel's equation. singular points. Krishna Prakashan Media (P) Ltd. continuity. harmonic functions. Functions of Complex Variable Limits. solution by the method of separation of variables. Special Functions Power series solution of differential equations. evaluation of real integrals by contour integration. Legendre polynomial. Prentice Hall. Recurrence relations. Differential Equations by Sharma and Gupta . mapping of standard elementary transformations. Frobenius method. 4. derivative of complex functions. transform of derivatives and integrals. properties of Laplace transforms. New Delhi. impulse function. Laplace transform of unit step function. Even and odd functions. Wiley Eastern. and simultaneous differential equations. Euler's formula. Cauchy's theorem. Conformal Mapping: Mapping of a complex function. Error function and its properties. Cauchy-Riemann equation. Meerut. Bessel functions of the first and second kind. Complex Integration : Line integrals in the complex plane. Numerical Solutions of Differential Equations by NK Jain . analytic function. L T P 4 1 0 5 . Partial Differential Equations Formation of partial differential equations. 3. half range expansions. 2. conjugate functions. Fourier Series Periodic functions. Fourier series of different wave forms. New Delhi Higher Engineering Mathematics by BS Grewal : Khanna Publishers. applications to fluid flow problems. complex integration using the method of residues. complex potential.. standard transforms. Laplacian in polar coordinates. Laplace Transforms Laplace transforms of various standard functions. conformal mapping. Two dimensional Laplace equation. Legendre's equation. 5. Delhi. equations reducible to Bessel's equation. applications to solution of ordinary linear differential equations with constant coefficients.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 AM 201 MATHEMATICS-III Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 Detailed Contents 1. residue. periodic functions. Books Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Kreyszing Erwin . Cauchy's integral formula and derivatives of analytic function. inverse Laplace transforms. Taylor's and Laurent's expansions. homogeneous partial differential equations with constant coefficients Applications: Wave equation and Heat conduction equation in one dimension. poles. Linear partial differential equations.
transient & steady response. Time and Frequency Domain Analysis : Representation of basic circuits in terms of generalised freq. Convolution Theorem. Pass bands and stop bands. Relationship between transfer and impulse response. Network synthesis techniques for 2-terminal network. ramp. Design of constant-K. Ladder network. Thevenin's Nortan's Maximum Power Transfer. Composite filters. Time domain behaviors from poles and zeros. IT section. Network Theorems. Reciprocity. Laplace transform of shifted functions. Transfer functions. 3. Filters Synthesis : Classification of filters. Books: 1. Network Analysis & Synthesis by Van Valkenberg Network Analysis and Synthesis by Sudhakar Sham Mohan Network Synthesis by IVS Iyer Electric Circuits by JA Administer Circuit Theory by Chakraborty 6 . 2. 4. Loop currents and loop equations. step. Network function for two terminal pair network. periodic and singularity voltages. poles and zeros and restrictions. signals and wave forms. 5. Sinusoidal network in terms of poles & zeros. Independent and dependent sources. Impedance & Admittance function. Doublet. node voltage and node equations. m-derived filters. characteristics impedance and propagation constant of pure reactive network. T section. Network Synthesis : Network functions. Superposition. impulse. terminating half section.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EE-201 NETWORK ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 2 0 Circuits Concepts : Circuits elements. & their response. Real liability condition for impedance synthesis of RL & RC circuits. Foster and Cauer forms.
biasing of FETs. full wave and bridge rectifier and determination of rms. inductor input. ripple factor and regulation. bias stability. transistor construction and characteristics in CB. Bipolar junction Transistors pnp & npn. CE and CC configuration. concept of band structure. coupling capacitor. h parameter equivalent circuit of transistor. Conversion of h parameter from CB to CE and CC configuration.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC. FET as an amplifier in CS configuration. Diode Circuits pn junction diode. 5. special propose diode.201 Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS L T P 3 1 0 1. R1. A21. stabilization against Ico. UJT (construction and characteristics only). MOSFET (both depletion and enhancement type). 4. Small Signal Low Frequency Transistor Analysis of transistor amplifier using h-parameters in CB. LED. parameters and equivalent circuit of an FET. R0. emitter resistance and shunt capacitors on frequency response of amplifier. Bias compensation methods and thermal runaway. beta. 7 . LCD and Photo. RC and RL filter circuits. CMOSFET’s. photo. Comparison of three configurations in term A1. various biasing circuits. Analysis of emitter follower using Miller’s theorem.transistors. half wave. CE and CC modes. diode as a circuit element.diodes. Determination of h parameters from transistor characteristics. Field Effect Transistors Construction and characteristics of junction field effect transistor (JFET). capacitor input. 3. potential barrier. Frequency response of amplifier. 2. Effect of an emitter bypass capacitor. Graphical analysis of transistors as an amplifier. average value. special purpose transistors. Transistor Biasing and Stabilization VBE and Operating point.
Cooper. VTVM Transistor voltmeter. LCR meter. strip chart recorders. Electronic Multimeter. digital tape recorders. DISPLAY DEVICES Electronic indicating instruments. capacitance. piezoelectric crystal and photoelectric transducers. 2. qualitative treatment of strain gauge. TRANSDUCERS Principles of operation. measurement of resistance. measurement of voltage. graphic recorders.Electrical and Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation. spectrum analyzer. inductance. D. function generator. LVDT. wave analyzer.Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques. INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMER Current and potential transformers. magnetic tape recorders. using Kelvin’s Maxwell’s and Schering bridge. A.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-203 Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 1. 3.K. seven segment display. 2. special purpose oscilloscope. 5. BOOKS RECOMMENDED 1. INSTRUMENTATION FOR GENERATION AND ANALYSIS OF WAVEFORMS Signal generators. 7. SAWHNEY. current phase and frequency. 6. CRO’s study of various stages in brief. 8 . fourteen segmental display Nixie tube. spectrum analysis. 4. constructional features. Stout. types of telemetry systems and applications.Basic Electrical Measurements 3. harmonic distortion analyzer. ELECTRONICS MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION L T P 3 1 0 ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTS Electronics voltmeter. Effective resistance at high frequency. R meter. method of data transmission. thermocouple. recording requirements. ratio and phase angle error. B. DATA ACQUISTION SYSTEM Necessity of recorders. TELEMETRY Introduction.
File Handling in C++ Introduction . User Defined Data Type. Basics of C & C++ Introduction.Object Oriented Programming Concept. Objective of OPP. Programming Structure in C++. Default Constructor. Polymorphism 7. Constructor and Information Hiding. Overloading and Information Hiding Introduction.Arguments for the Base Class 6. Function Overloading. Inheritance Introduction. Bindings and Polymorphism Introduction . Operations. Data Type. Class Derivation . Object Orient Programming With C++ Introduction .Constructor-Automatic Initialization of Objects. DestructorAutomatic Clear up of an Object 5. Inheritance-Data and Code Sharing . Bindings in C++.Overloading a Generic Function. Concept of Stream in C++. Information Hiding 4. Class Initialization in Inheritance . Generic Classes 8. Error Handling During File Operation 9 . 2. File Positioning Functions . Control Structures. Memory Management in C++ : Introduction . Bit Field integer. Generic Function . Basics.Ambiguity in Class Member Access .Virtual Base Class-A Remedy . Reserved Words and Standard 110 Statements in C & C++ . Storage Classes.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 CS -252 OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING USING C++ Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 1. Dynamic Memory Management . Data Abstraction 3.Concept of Generic Facility. Generic Facility Introduction . Copy Constructor.
4. 2. 12. filters 10 . 3.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-205LAB-I (ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND NETWORKS) Internal Marks: 30 External Marks: 20 Total Marks: 50 L T P 0 0 2 1. 9. Study of Half wave. Study of an emitter follower circuit. 6. 8.parameters of a transistors using output characteristics. Study of frequency response of RC coupled amplifier. To plot JFET characteristics in CS configuration.derived filters. 5. Design of transistor biasing circuits. To plot the input and output characteristics of CE configuration. Design of m. To plot the input and output characteristics of CB configuration. Study of simple capacitive. Study of frequency response of CS.FET amplifier. 11. 10. T & Study of Zener regulator. full wave & Bridge rectifiers. Design of constant K filters. 7. 13. Determination of h.
Measurement of medium resistance by Wheat Stone’s Bridge. 6. Measurement of Capacitance by Schering Bridge. To find the Q of a coil using LCR-Q meter. 3.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-207LAB-II INSTRUMENTATION Internal Marks: 30 External Marks: 20 Total Marks: 50 L T P 0 0 2 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 4.R. Measurement of Frequency by Wein Bridge. Measurement of Inductance by Maxwell’s Bridge. 8. Measurement of small resistance by Kelvin’s Bridge. Study of Resonance. 11 . 2.O. 5. Determination of frequency & phase angle using C. 7.
Using basic statements like control statements . 4. Writing generic functions. various I/O statements and various data structures. Using memory management features and various constructors and destructors. File handling programs. looping statements. 6. function overloading and operator overloading. Creating classes in C++ for understanding of basic OOPS features.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 CS -254 Lab III (Object Oriented Programming) Internal Marks: 30 External Marks: 20 Total Marks: 50 L T P 0 0 2 List of experiments: To write following programs in C / C++ : 1. 12 . virtual classes and polymorphism. 7. 2. Representing concepts of data hiding. Representing Inheritance. 3. 5.
FEEDBACK IN AMPLIFIERS Types of feedback. double tuned and stagger tuned amplifiers and their analysis. LARGE SINGAL AMPLIFIERS Class A direct coupled with resistive load. common base short circuit current frequency response. class. effect of negative feedback on gain. voltage shunt. harmonic distortion. 3. crossover distortion.symmetry amplifier. variation of output power with load. power output. PHI 13 . alpha cutoff frequency. distortion and frequency response etc. current series. push-pull amplifiers. Current limiting. Tata Mcgraw Hill Electronic Devices & Circuits Theory by Boylestad.B push-pull amplifier.202 ANALOG ELECTRONICS Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 1. stability. Transformer coupled with resistive load. Wein Bridge. transistor phase invertor. Transistor Series and Shunt Regulators. Derivation of expression for frequency and amplitude of these oscillators. 6. Line and Load Regulation. thermal runaway. 2. 4. 2. MULTISTAGE AMPLIFIERS Coupling of transistor amplifiers. current gain with resistive load. CE short circuit current gain obtained with hybrid pi model. Tuned Amplifiers: single tuned. hybrid pi CE transistor model. Books Recommended 1. common emitter short circuit current frequency response. conversion efficiency of class B amplifiers. HIGH FREQUENCY TRANSISTOR The high frequency T model. REGULATED POWER SUPPLIES Zener diode as Voltage Regulator. 3. cascading of RC coupled amplifiers and their analysis. complementary. Colpitts and Crystal Oscillators. OSCILLATORS Conditions of oscillations.B push-pull amplifier. frequency response of coupled amplifiers. design theory.Halkias. current shunt feedback circuits and their analysis. operation of class. design of Class. hybrid pi conductance in terms of low frequency h parameters. Electronic Devices & Circuits by Millman. 5. power amplifier design. class AB push-pull amplifier. bandwidth.A push-pull amplifier. output transformer saturation. PH Electronic Devices & Circuits by Allen Mottorshead. Voltage series.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC. Different types of oscillators: RC Phase Shift. Hartley.
canonical form. R/W memories. Type of Registers. T edge triggerred and decked flip-flop. Weighted register D/A converter. Subtractions using 1's and 2's compliment.NOR. TTL. 7. parity checker. Single and dual slope A/D converter A/D accuracy and resolution. magnitude comparators. Minimization of logic function : OR. multiplexers. circuit diagram.NOT. Subtraction. Voltage of time conversion. flip flop SR. ECL and its various types. Digital principle and applications Malvino (TMH) 2. D. Minimisation using theorems. D/A accuracy and resolution. 4. subtracters and code converters. encoders. 6. counter design with state equation and state diagrams. Sequential Circuits : Introduction. Comparison of logic families. steady state accuracy test. minimisation using K-map and Q-M method. Modern digital systems design Cheung & ----. P. Logic Families : RTL. 3. binary ladder D/A converter. 5. Content addressable memories.(WPC) 5. Excess 3 code Gray code. ASCII code. BCD display drive. Basic theorem of Boolean Algebra. An Engg. ROMs. adders. Signed and unsigned number. sum of products and product of sums. timing wave form and operations counters. Charged-Coupled device memory. Recommended Books : 1. Number System And Binary Code : Introduction. Registers. Combinational Logic Circuits : Introduction. Digital electronics principle Malvino (THM) 4. Sequential memories. Multiplication and division. Approach to digital design Eletcher (PIH) 14 . D/A and A/D Converters : Introduction. Incompletely specified functions. Voltage of frequency conversion. DTL. Combinational circuit design. Classification and characteristics of memories. decoders. Counter type A/D converter Successive approximation A/D converter.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-204 Digital Electronics Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 2 0 1. demultiplexer.NAND. Jain (PIH) 3. Binary operations-addition. parallel A/D converter. Semiconductor Memories : Introduction. AND. Modern digital electronics R. DCTL. Memory organisation. Binary.EX-OR. JK. Programmable logic arrays. Octal and hexadecimal number system. 2.
Conditional function with a unit Impulse function. Pulse response & Digital No.E. Signal Transmission Through Linear Networks : Convolution theorem. Gaussion Noise. system response impulse. Noise equivalent Bandwidth. Introduction to thermal noise. power spectral density. its graphical intrepretation. input output relations with random inputs. fourier transform of periodic power signals. Signal and Systems by Oppenheim and Willsky 15 . Probability density functions and statistical averages. F. true averages and Fygodic. fourier series representation of periodic signals speriodic signal representation using fourier transform. & elimination. Noise fig. transfer function and frequency. envelope detector.D. Experimental determination of noise figure. equivalent noise band width Noise. Examples of P. Joint and conditional probability. Domain analysis effect of Transfer function on spectral densities.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-206 Signal and Systems Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 System and Signal Analysis : Classification of signals and systems. low frequency or flicker. noise. Stationary of non-Transients. signal representation using fourier series. probability of Random events. probability Mass function statistical averages. Books Recommended 1. amplifier input noise in terms of F-Noise factor or amplifiers. The sampling theorem low pass and band pass network. complex exponential fourier series. function. Random Signal Theory : Introduction to probabilities Defination. transformation of random variables random processes. stationary.T. matched filter. shot noise partial noise. burst noise. noise factor. Noise temperature. Equivalent input noise signal to noise ration. avalanche noise bipolar transistor noise. step and time domain response analysis. Communication Signal and Systems by Simon Haykin 2.
6. wave impedance. Attenuation in parallel plane guides.M. 4. Attenuation and factor of wave guides. 3. plane wave. 3. Author . Electromagnetics : Kraus : T. Introduction Review of Electrostatic and Magnetostatics. Sinusoidal time variation. Reflection of waves by perfect di electronics and by perfect insulators. Boundary conditions. polarization. Poynting theorem and Poynting vector. Wave Guides Rectangular and circular wave guides. Wave impedance and characteristics impedances. Transmission line charts-impedance matching. Electromagnetic Waves Wave equation and its solution in different media.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-208 Electromagnetic Field Theory Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 1. Parallel plane transmission line with losses. Time Varying Fields Maxwell's equations in differential and integral forms concept of displacement current. TE and TM waves in rectangular wave guides. Transmission line analogy for wave guides. Electromagnetic Wave : Jordan and Balmain : PHI And Radiation System 2.H. Law loss RF and UHF transmission lines. TE and TM waves and their characteristics. Impossibility of TEM wave in wave guides. 2. Distortionless condition. Dielectric slab wave guides. TEM waves. 5. Transmission Lines Circuit representation of parallel plane transmission lines. velocities of propagation. Telecommunications : Fraser 16 . Surface impedance. Publisher 1. Guided Waves Waves between parallel planes. Recommended Books Name of Book .
Modelling Formulation of equation of Linear electrical. Instructional Objectives At the end of this course. linear and non-linear systems. be familiar with the basic concepts of control systems. some illustrative examples. regulating systems. Be able to formulate the equations of linear electrical and non-electrical systems and establish analogies between them. 3. 2. Be familiar with necessary control components. concepts of state variable modelling.input signal. characteristics equation. 5. Understand the importance of compensating networks and their design. Be able to perform time-Domain and frequency domain analysis of systems. Time domain specifications. time variant & invariant. Mechanical analogies.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 IC-204 Linear Control System Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 2 0 Purpose This course is aimed at to provide a comprehensive treatment of the analysis and design of control systems so as to empower the students with knowledge which is sufficient to help them understand and analyse the practical problems in industry. 3. electrical. of a given system. Time Domain Analysis Typical test . Block diagrams. the students should : 1. Be able to determine stability of any given system. Block diagram representation signal flow graphs and associated algebra. thermal Pneugmatic and hydraulic system. Open loop control system. 4. Use of Laplace transform. Transfer function. continuous and sampled data control systems. closed loop systems. Derive characteristics equ. disturbances. 2. Introduction Concepts Plant. 7. Systems Servomechanism. 6. Dominant closed loop poles of higher 17 . mechanical. Contents 1. Transient response of the first and second order systems.
J. Frequency Domain Analysis: Closed loop frequency response. Plot Nyquist criterion. Compensating network.C.. 7. Ogata. Gibsen.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 4. 4. bodeplots.potentiometers and synchronous. Control System Components by J. Prentice Hall. 1975. Books Recommended 1. Mcgraw Hill. RouthHurwitz Criterion. Nagrath & Gopal. Wiley Eastern Ltd. breakway points. application of lag and lead compensation. Magnetic amplifiers. technogenerators. 1978. Log. Magnitude versus phases angle plot. Modern Control Engg.C. Kuo. by K. Root Locus Technique: The extreme points of the root loci for positive gain. 1963. 3. 3rd Ed. Frequency response specification relative stability. Compensation: Necessity of compensation series and parallel compensations. 5. Asympotes to the loci. 4. Pole-zero location and stability.C. 6. order systems.F.. A and N-circles. Automatic Control System by B. servo motor A. 1974. location of roots with given gain & sketch of the root locus plot. New Delhi. Control Components: Error detectors. and D. 18 . Control System Engineering by I. intersection with imaginary axis. stability and loop transfer function. New Delhi. 2. Steady state error and coefficients. relation between time and frequency response for second order systems. Prentice Hall.
To study the characteristics of complementary symmetry amplifier. 10.B amplifier. 4. To study transistor series voltage regulator with current limit and observe current fold-back characteristics. 5. 12. 19 . 11. 7. To study the response of Hartley oscillator and determine frequency of oscillation. L T P 0 0 2 8. To study the characteristics of a Class. To study the response of RC phase shift oscillator and determine frequency of oscillation. To study the various coupling techniques for transistor amplifiers. To study the characteristics of Class.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-210 LAB-IV ANALOG ELECTRONICS Internal Marks: 30 External Marks: 20 Total Marks: 50 1. To study the characteristics of Class.AB amplifier. To study the response of Colpitt’s oscillator and determine frequency of oscillation. 9.A amplifier. 2.B push-pull amplifier. To study the response of Wien Bridge oscillator and determine frequency of oscillation. 3. To study the characteristics of Class-C amplifier. To study the characteristics of Class. 6.
PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-212 Lab V Digital Electronics Internal Marks: 30 External Marks: 20 Total Marks: 50 1. Study and verification of the operations of ALU 74181 with regards to addition / subtraction / comparison.1 msec. Verify the frequency division at each stage.7404. Design fabricate and test a switch depouncer using 7400.approx. Design fabrication and testing of differentiator and integrator circuits using OP AMP. 7408. 11. 7432. (b) Verify the truth table of a J-K flip-flop (7476) (c) Verify the truth table of a D flip-flop (7474) and study its operation in the toggle and asyneronous modes. 7. 7493 and 74192. variation in pulse with and retriggering. 20 .(a) Design and test of an S-R flip-flop using TOR/NAND gates. 6. (b) Free running multivibrator at 1 KHz and1 Hz using 555 with 50% duty cycle. 5. Operate the counters 7490. fabrication and testing of low frequency TTL clocks using NAND gates. Verify the timing from theoretical calculations. (b) Verification of the truth table of the De-Multiplexer 74154. Design and verification of the truth tables of half adder and full adder circuits using gates 7483. 3. L T P 0 0 2 (a) Verification of the truth tables of TTL gates. Hence operate a 7 segment LED display through a counter using a low frequency clock. Testing for both positive and negative edge triggering. Design fabrication and testing of (a) Monostable multivibrator of t=0. 7400. (a) Verification of the truth table of the Multiplexer 74150. Design fabrication and testing of clipper and clamper circuits using OP AMP.) using 74121/123. 8. e. 10. 4.7486. (b) Design. 2.g.. (a) Verify the truth table of decoder driver 7447 / 7448. With a low frequency clock (say 1 Hz) display the count on LEDs. (b) Repeat the above with the BCD to Decimal decoder 7442 and an array of LEDs. 9. 7402.
c. To study details of a two winding a-c servometer and to obtain its T-N characteristics. To study the operation of a d-c positional servo system and to investigate the effect of damping and supply voltage on its response. 5. To study details of a magnetic amplifier and to obtain input-output characterization of this amplifier. To study control action of light control device. inverter and integrator. 14. integral and derivative control action.VI) Linear Control Systems Internal Marks: 30 External Marks: 20 Total Marks: 50 L T P 0 0 2 At least eight of the following experiments are to be performed : 1. 10. 11. 2. position servo-system and to obtain effects of supply voltage and system parameter on its transient response. 13. To use operational amplifiers as multiplier.output characteristics of a potentiometer and to use two potentiometers as an error detector. 3. To study a stepper motor and control its direction speed and number of steps with the held of a microprocessor. 9.. summer. To study details of an analog computer and solve a given second order differential equation using it. To generate a sine-wave using a given analog computer with specified amplifier and frequency. 4. To simulate a servo-system and obtain its characteristics with the use of controllers.receiver characteristics of a synchro set to use the set as control component. 7. 8. To study input. To design different compensation network for the given cut off frequencies and to plot frequency response of these networks. To study transmitter.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 IC-212 ( Lab. 12. To study the operation of an a. To study PID.controller and to obtain the effect of proportional. 6. 21 .
F.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 15. To obtain T. 17. fabricate and to obtain characteristics of a high pass T type filter. 22. To design. fabricate and to obtain characteristics of low pass T type filter. servometer and to obtain its pole zero configuration. of a field controlled d. 19. To design.c. 23. 22 . 18. To design. of an armature controlled d. To design. servometer and to show its pole-zero configuration. fabricate and to obtain the characteristics of a composite low pass filter. To obtain dynamic characteristics of a given solar cell array and to obtain the point of operation for maximum power transfer to the load. fabricate and to obtain characteristics of band pass T type filter. fabricate and to obtain the characteristics of a composite high pass filter. 20.F. fabricate and to obtain the characteristics of composite band pass filter. 16.c. To obtain T. 21. To design. To design.
AM detector. AM power calculations. Zero crossing detector as a Frequency Demodulator. AM receiver characteristics. theory of frequency modulation. Basic elements of AM superheterodyne Receiver. Theory of phase modulation. spectra of FM signals. comparison of AM & FM. Armstrong method. Additive Mixing. Phase-Locked-Loop Direct FM Transmitter. Mixing. Double hetro-dyne receiver. Generation of SSB. Low level and high level modulation. Third Method. Comparison of SSB Transmission to conventional AM. Modulation & Demodulation. FM Reception: Frequency demodulators. generation of Amplitude Modulation. Bipolar Transistor Additive Mixer. Selectivity. AM current calculations.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-301 ANALOG COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Base Band Signals and Systems: Introduction. square law modulation. Amplitude modulation in amplifier circuits. AM-SSB. Wide band FM. Cascade RF Amplifier. square law detector. pre emphasis and de emphasis. and Vestigial side band. 23 . Balance Slope Detector. Tuned Ratio Frequency (TRF) Receiver. Single Side band systems. suppressed carrier AM generation (Balanced Modulator) ring Modulator. AM detector Circuit using Transistor. Slope Detector. limiter circuits. Ratio Detector. self exicted Additive Mixers. Neutralization of RF Amplifiers. basic principle of AM generation. types of modulation systems. AM receiver using a phase locked loop (PLL). Product Modulator/balanced Modulator. Sensitivity. frequency Conversion and Mixers. Tuned circuit frequency discriminators. Tracking & Alignment. SSB Transmission: Introduction. FM stereo transmission and reception. reduced carrier. Full carrier. theory of amplitude modulation. FM receiver. Two way FM Radio Transmitter and Receiver. generation of FM by direct method. AM Transmission: Introduction. RF Amplifier. Foster Seeley discriminator. basic transmission signals. FM detection using PLL. AM modulation with a complex wave. Elements of communication system. Frequency stabilised reactance FM transmitter. narrow band of FM. mathematical analysis of FM. AM Reception: Receiver Parameters. methods of increasing Bandwidth. quadrature FM demodulator. Distortion in diode detectors. Image Frequency Rejection. Super heterodyne Receiver. FM Transmission: FM allocation standards. RC phase shift method. Envelope or Diode detector. Indirect generation of FM. IF Amplifier. AM detector with AGC. need of modulation. Multiplicative Mixer using dual gate MOSFET. varactor diode Modulator. Suppressed carrier . Analog Modulation Techniques: Introduction. Filter method. Linear & Nonlinear. FM Capture effect. Cross by Direct FM Transmitter. Class of operation of RF Amplifiers. phase modulation obtained from frequency modulation. Comparison of PM & FM. Phase Shift Method. multiplicative mixing. Independent side band. High power RF Amplifiers. Fidelity.
SSB Reception: SSB Product Demodulator, Balanced Modulator as SSB Demodulator, Single Side band receivers; Single side band BFO Receivers, Coherent Single side band BFO Receivers, Single Side band Envelop detection receiver, Multi Channel Pilot Carrier SSB Receiver. Pulse Modulation Transmissions and Reception: Introduction, Sampling Theorem Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM), Natural PAM Frequency Spectra for PAM , Flat-top PAM, Sample and hold circuits, Time division Multiplexing, PAM Modulator Circuit, Demodulation of PAM Signals, Pulse Time Modulation (PTM); Pulse Width Modulation(PWM), Pulse Position Modulation (PPM), PPM Demodulator. Recommended Text Books: 1. Wayne Tomasi, “Electronic Communication System Fundamentals through Advance” 4th Edition Pearson Education. 2. Symon Hykens “Analog Communication Systems” John Wiley & Sons . 3. Taub & Schilling “Principles of Communication System” Tata Mc-Graw Hill. 4. Roody Coolean “Electronic Communication Systems” PHI.
ME-251 TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT
Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100
L T P 3 1 0
Detailed Contents 1. Quality and Total Quality Management; Excellence im manufacturing/service, factors of excellence, relevance of TQM. 2. Concept and definition of quality; total quality control (TQC) and Total Quality Management (TQM), salient features of TQC and TQM. Total Quality Management Models, benefits of TQM. 3. Just-in-time (JIT): Definition: Elements, benefits, equipment layout for JIT system, Kanban system MRP (Material Requirement planning) vs JIT system, Waste elimination, workers involvement through JIT: JIT cause and effect chain, JIT implementation. 4. Customer: Satisfaction, data collection and complaint, redressal mechanism. 5. Planning Process: Policy development and implementation; plan formulation and implementation. 6. Process Management: Factors affecting process management, Quality function development (QFD), and quality assurance system. 7. Total Employees Involvement (TEI): Empowering employees: team building; quality circles; reward and Recognition; education and training, Suggestion schemes. 8. Problems solving Defining problem; Problem identification and solving process; QC tools. 9. Benchmarking definition, concept, process and types of benchmarking. 10. Quality Systems: Concept of quality system standards: relevance and origin of ISO 9000; Benefits; Elements of ISO 9001, ISO 9002, ISO 9003. 11. Advanced techniques of TQM: Design of experiments: failure mode effect analysis: Taguchi methods BOOKS: 1. Total Quality Management by sunder Raju, Tata Mcgraw Hill 2. TQM for engineers by M.Zairi, Aditya Books 3. Total Quality Management Handbook by J.L. Hradeskym MCGraw Hill 4. ISO 9000 quality System by Dalela and Saurabh, standard Publishers
EC-303 Antenna and Wave Propagation Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100
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Introduction:Physical concept of Radiation in single wire, two wire, and dipole, Current Distribution on a thin wire antenna. Fundamental Parameters of Antenna: Radiation Pattern, Radiation Power Density, Radiation intensity, Directivity, Gain, Antenna efficiency, Beamwidth, Bandwidth, Polarisation, Antenna Input Impedance, Elementary idea about self and mutual impedance, Radiation efficiency, Effective aperture, Antenna Temperature. Linear Wire Antennas: Retarded potential, Infinitesimal dipole, Current distribution of short dipole and half wave dipole, Far-field, Radiating near-field and reactive near-field region, Monopole and Half wave dipole. Antenna Arrays: Array of two point sources, Array factor, n-element linear array with uniform amplitude and spacing, Analysis of Broadside array, Ordinary end-fire array, Hansen-woodyard end fire array, n-element linear array with non-uniform spacing, , Analysis of Binomial and Dolph-Tschebyscheff array, Scanning Array, Superdirective array.
Aperture Antennas: Field Equivalence principle, Rectangular and circular aperture antennas, Horn antenna, Babinet’s Principle, Slot Antenna, Reflector antenna. Ground wave Propagation: Friis Free space equation, ,Reflection from earth’s surface, Surface and Space wave propagation for vertical and horizontal dipole, Field strength of Space wave, Range of space wave propagation, Effective earth’s radius, Effect of earth imperfections and atmosphere on space wave propagation, Modified refractive index, Duct propagation, Tropospheric propagation.
Ionospheric Propagation: Structure of ionosphere, propagation of radio waves through ionosphere, Refractive index of ionosphere, Reflection and refraction of waves by ionosphere, Critical frequency, Maximum usable frequency, Optimum working frequency, Lowest usable high frequency, virtual height, Skip Distance, Effect of earth’s magnetic field. Text Books: 1. Antenna Theory , Balanis C.A ,John Wiley & sons. 2. Electromagnetics and radiating systems, Jordan E.C.,PHI. Reference Books: 1. Antenna and radio wave propagation, Collins R.E., McGraw Hill. 2. Antenna Theory , Krauss J.D.,McGraw Hill.
Equivalent circuit of an Op-Amp. total output offset voltage. Differential Amplifier. V to F and F to V converters. Sample and Hold Circuit. Active filters: First order LP Butterworth filter. Voltage shunt feedback amplifier. Schematic symbol. Dual Input-Balanced output Differential Amplifier. Input bias current. Wein bridge oscillator. Temperature and supply voltage sensitive parameters. Dual Input-Unbalanced output Differential Amplifier. Peak Detector. INTRODUCTION TO OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS: Block diagram of a typical Op-Amp. SPECIALIZED IC APPLICATIONS: 555 Timer: Pin configuration. Current Mirror. Inverting & Non Inverting. FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF AN OP-AMP: Frequency response. Second order HP Butterworth filter. integrated circuits and their types. Overview of typical set of data sheets. Basic comparator. V to I and I and to V converter. Practical Op-Amp: Input offset voltage. Pin Identification and temperature range. Input offset current. Peaking Amp. Band pass filter. Closed loop frequency response. NEGATIVE FEEDBACK IN OP-AMPS: Block diagram representation of feedback configurations. CE-CB configuration. Summing. Cascaded differential Amplifier Stages. Single Input-unbalanced output Differential Amplifier with their DC and AC analysis. Frequency response of Internally compensated Op-Amps. Voltage controlled oscillator. Sawtooth wave generator. Higher order filters. causes of slew rate and its effect on applications APLICATIONS OF OP-AMP: DC and AC amplifiers. Second order LP Butterworth filter. Block diagram. Schmitt trigger. Quadrature oscillator. Log and Antilog Amp. Differential Amplifier with swamping resistors. First order HP Butterworth filter. two op-amps and three op-amps. Open loop configurations : Differential. Effcet of variation in power supply voltages on offset voltage. Ideal Op-Amp. Square wave generator. Scaling and Averaging Amp. application of 555 as Monostable and Astable Multivibrator. window detector. Zero crossing detector. Interpretation of data sheets. Band reject filters. A to D and D to A converters. Change in Input offset voltage and Input offset current with time. Level Translator. Ideal voltage transfer curve. Constant current bias. Single Input-Balanced output Differential Amplifier. Voltage-series feedback Amplifier. Differential Amplifier Circuit Configuration. Differential amplifiers with one op-amp. Slew rate. 27 . Noise. All pass filter. Triangular wave generator. Compensating Networks. Common Mode configuration and common mode rejection Ratio. Integrator.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-305 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 DIFFERENTIAL AND CASCODE AMPLIFIERS: Introduction. Characteristics and performance parameters of and Op-Amp. Differentiator. Thermal drift. IC package types. Instrumentation Amplifier. Frequency response of Noncompensated Op-amps. Phase shift oscillator.
Op Amps & Linear Integrated circuits by Coughlin 2. Recommended Text Book: 1. Adjustable voltage regulators. Op Amps & Linear Integrated circuits by RaviRaj Dudeja 28 . Op Amps & Linear Integrated circuits by Ramakant Gayakwad. Recommended Reference Books 1. Switching Regulators.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 Phase Lock Loops: Operating principles & applications of 565PLL Voltage Regulators: Fixed voltage regulators.
8255. programming and hardware by D. Microprocessor Interfacing. Microprocessor Architecture. Microprocesor evolution and its types. USART interfacing with 8085 MPU. interrupts of 8085. DMA controller. 8155. V. Hall 29 . Intrduction to 8085 instructions. Memory Interfacing. Microprocessor system peripheral and interface: Introduction to interfacing.8279. Memory mapped I/O and peripheral mapped I/O 8085 Microprocessor Programming model.8254. memory segmentation. 8086 Microprocessor: 8086 internal architecture. 8085 Microprocessor: 8085 MPU. counters and time delays. 8086 system configuration and timing. Recommended Text Books:1. programming techniques. minimum and maximum mode. Introduction to Microprocessor by B. stack and subroutines. programmable interrupt controller.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-307 Microprocessor and its Application Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Introduction to Microprocessor: Overview of Microprocessor Structure and its operation. Ram. 3. Programming and application with 8085 by Gaonkar 2. instruction set descriptions and assembly language programming based on 8086. address modes.
Use of Schotkey diode for reducing storage time. Attenuator. Integrator. Low pass circuits. Distributed amplifiers. Gain & Band width consideration. Delay time. champing circuits and sweep generators. bistable. comparators. Non. multivibrators using transistors. Dynamic analysis of switches. K. Multivibrators: Realization of astable. Low frequency compensation. Response to Standard waveforms. Schmitt trigger circuits. symmetrical triggering. Pulse and Digital Switching Circuits – Milliman. monostable. Double differentiation. Behavior of MOS transistor as switch.Linear Wave shaping: Realization of clipping circuits (diode & transistor). Shunt compensation. unsymmetrical. Short circuit current gain. Charge storage phenomena. response to standard waveforms. Switching characteristics. Mithal 30 . Differentiator. RLC circuits. 2.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-309 PULSE AND DIGITAL SWITCHING CIRCUITS Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Linear Wave Shaping: High Pass circuits. Storage time and fall time. Ringing circuits. Compensation. Wide band Amplifiers: Frequency response of an amplifier. Rise time. Taub Pulse and Digital Switching Circuits – G. Books Recommended: 1. Switching Characteristics of devices: Steady state and transient behaviors of electronic (Diode & transistor) Switches.
measurement of lock and capture range. Generation of single side band signal 6. 9. To study the circuit of PPM modulator & Demodulator 31 . To study the circuit of PWM modulator & Demodulator 13. selectivity & fidelity. frequency demodulation. 5. Familiarisation of PLL.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-311 Lab-VII Analog Communication Systems Internal Marks: 30 External Marks: 20 Total Marks: 50 L T P 0 0 2 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS: 1. 10. To study envelop detector for demodulation of AM signal and observe diagonal peak clipping effect. To generate a FM Signal and measure Depth of modulation. To study the circuit of PAM modulator & Demodulator 12. Generation of DSB-SC signal using balanced modulator. frequency multiplier using PLL. Frequency modulation using voltage controlled oscillator. 8. 4. 11. 7. To Study Super heterodyne AM receiver and measurement of receiver parameters viz. To obtain Amplitude modulated Envelop and determine depth of modulation 2. Sampling Theorem & Reconstruction of Signal from its lsamples using Natural Sampling. sensitivity. 3. Flat Top Sampling & Sample & Hold Circuits. Detection of FM Signal using PLL.
Use a 741 Op-Amp and specify the Zener voltage necessary transistor gain and the maximum power dissipation of the transistor. 10. Design Wein Bridge oscillator using Op-Amp. To use the Op-Amp as Instrumentation amplifier Design differentiator and Integrator using Op-Amp. Design a delay circuit using 555. High pass and Band pass 1st order butterworth active filters using Op Amp. 14. 17. Design Phase shift oscillator using Op-Amp. 16. To measure the performance parameters of an Op amp. 3. scaling & averaging amplifier. To study frequency response of an Op Amp To use the Op-Amp as summing. 8.5 Amp. Application of Op Amp as Sawtooth wave generator. 4. Application of Op Amp as Schmitt Trigger. Application of Op Amp as Log and Antilog amplifier Design Low pass. 15. Application of Op amp as Inverting and Non Inverting amplifier. Design a series regulators with an error amplifier to provide an output voltage of 5 volt at a load current of 1. 5. 11. 9. 7. 12. To study differential amplifier configurations. 2.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-313 Internal Marks: 30 External Marks: 20 Total Marks: 50 LAB VIII: LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRUITS L T P 0 0 2 List Of Experiments: 1. 6. 32 . the capture range and the lock in range of PLL. 13. To examine the operation of a PLL and to determine the free running frequency. Application of Op Amp as Zero Crossing detector and window detector.
2. 3.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-315 Internal Marks: 30 External Marks: 20 Total Marks: 50 List Of Experiments: Lab IX Microprocessor Lab. 15. Write a program for finding square of a number using look-up table and verify. Write a program to subtract two 16-bit number using 8085 . 13. Write a program to multiply two 8 bit numbers by repetitive addition method using 8085. Write a program to add two 8-bit number using 8085 . 7. 6. Write a program to control the traffic light system using 8085/8086 microprocessors and 8255 PPI. Write a program to add two 16-bit number using 8085 . 18. Write a program to multiply two 8 bit numbers by rotation method using 8085 8. 33 . 9. 11. Write a program to generate fibonacci series using 8085. 5. 10. 17. Write a program to subtract two 8-bit number using 8085 . 4. Study 8086 Microprocessor kit 12. 16. Write a program to copy 12 bytes of data from source to destination using 8086. Write a program to sort series using bubble sort algorithm using 8085. Study of 8085 Microprocessor Kit. Write a program to find maximum and minimum from series using 8086. Write a program to control the operation of stepper motor using 8085/8086 microprocessors and 8255 PPI. L T P 0 0 2 1. Write a program to multiply 16-bit number with 8-bit number using 8085. Write a program to control the temperature using 8085/8086 microprocessors and 8255 PPI. 14. Write a program to control speed of DC motor using 8085/8086 microprocessors and 8255 PPI.
Introduction to Radar Systems: Basic Principle: Block diagram and operation of Radar. Applications of Radar. Matched termination.C Gupta 34 .Kulkarni. Attenuaters. Frequency and wavelength. CW radar and its limitations. Magnetron. Transistors(Bipolar. TRAPATT. Ferrite devices( Isolator. Foundation of Microwave Engg : R. Blind speeds and staggered PRFs. reflex Klystron. BWO. Microwave devices and radar engg: M. Microwave Engg: K. Introduction to radar systems: Merill I. Circulator. spiral. Scanning and Tracking Techniques: Various scanning techniques(Horizontal. monopulse). H. Phase shifter. TWT. FET) .PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-302 MICROWAVE AND RADAR ENGINEERING Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Microwave Tubes: Limitations of conventional tubes. tuners. PRFs and Range Ambiguities. Radar range Equation.Umesh Publications 3. Hybrid). Junctions ( E.PHI 2. conical scan.S. S. construction. Varactor. SBD) Microwave Components: Analysis of MW components using s-parameters. Cavity resonator. Text books: 1. Transferred Electron Devices( Gunn diode). Skolnik Reference Books: 1. nodding). Gyrator). Angle tracking systems(Lobe switching. Microwave bridges. Basic principle and operation of MTI radar. Microwave Measurements: Power measurements using calorimeters and bolometers. Crossed field amplifiers. MW posts. palmer. Microwave Solid State Devices: Limitation of conventional solid state devices at MW.Collin. operation and properties of Klystron Amplifier. Doppler(velocity)tracking systems. Bends and Corners. Directional coupler. PIN). raster. FMCW radar.McGraw Hill 2. Range tracking systems. Avalanche transit time effect ( IMPATT. Microwave devices and circuits: Samuel Liao.E. Diodes(Tunnel. Doppler Radars: Doppler determination of velocity. Delay line cancellers. Measurement of SWR. vertical.
Aliasing. Fourth Edition. 1998 5. Offset QPSK. North-American Digital Hierarchy. Addison-Wesley. 3. PCM Sampling.G. H. Introduction to Communication Systems. Digital Communication Receivers. Codecs & Combo Chips Digital Carrier Modulation & Demodulation Techniques: Introduction. Non-coherent FSK Detector. by F. Dynamic Range. (6th edition). Digital Communications/Mc Graw Hill 2nd Ed. Carrier Recovery. PCM hierarchy. T1 Digital Carrier system. Fundamentals of time division multiplexing. FSK Transmitter. 8 QAM & 16 QAM transmitters and receivers. Polar. S. Modern Electronic Communication. 35 . Simon Haykin. NRZ & RZ types. Recommended Text Books: 1.J. Information capacity. Statistical TDM. ASK Modulator. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Lee and D. Coding efficiency. Bit Rate. Differential PSK. signalling format for unipolar. Binary PSK Spectrum. Shannon Limit for Information capacity. Intersymbol Interference. ProakisJ. Coherent FSK Detector. Uniform and Non uniform quantization. Synchronization and Signaling of T1. BPSK Transmitter. Pearson Publications. Wiley. TDM. Digital Carrier Line Encoding & Multiplexing Techniques: Line Coding & its properties. published by Prentice-Hall. HDB and B8ZS signalling. Bandwidth and Frequency Spectrum of FSK. Sampling Rate. Differential Pulse Code Modulation.A. . bipolar (AMI) & Manchester coding and their power spectra (No derivation). Coherent ASK Detector. G. 2. Block diagram of PCM system. QPSK Demodulator. Recommended Reference Books: 1. Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK). Stremler. Amplitude Shift Keying (ASK). FSK Detection Using PLL. Frequency Shift Keying (FSK). Moeneclaey. Offset QPSK and /4 QPSK. Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM). 8 PSK & 16 PSK. Baud & M-Ary Encoding. Bandwidth of PCM. A law & μ law companding. by Gary M. Band Width efficiency. T1 to T4 PCM TDM system (DS1 to DS4 signals). Binary Phase Shift Keying.g. M-Ary BPSK e. M. 1990. quantisation error. Wiley publication. Pulse Code Modulation. Delta Modulation. Constant Envelop Modulation.A. FSK Bit Rate and Baud. Continuously variable Slope Delta Modulator (CVSDM) or Adaptive Delta Modulation. DBPSK transmitter and receiver. 4th edition. Coherent PSK Detection.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-304 DIGITAL COMMUNICATION Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Digital Transmission: Introduction. Bit versus word interleaving. Tomasi.1994 4. Messerschmitt. Comparison of conventional QPSK. Minimum Shift Keying (MSK) & Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying (GMSK) Simulation of above systems using ComSim and Matlab. Meyr. Communication Systems. ASK Spectrum. Noncoherent ASK Detector. Miller. Electronic Communication Systems. Squaring Loop & Costas Loop. /4 QPSK. 1999 2. Digital Communication. Advantages of Digital Transmission. Fechtel. third edition. Eye Patterns. E. Signal power in binary digital signals.
8051 Assembly Language Programming: Introduction to 8051 Assembly programming.8051 flag bits and PSW register. DAC and external memory Introduction to an embedded system and its design: Introduction to ES& its applications. Pearson Education 3) Embedded system design by Frank vahid and Tony Givargus 36 . Introduction to latest micro controllers such as ARM processors and its applications. Timer/counter programming in the 8051 Serial Communication: 8051 connection to RS 232. software partitioning.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-306 Micro Controller and Embedded Systems Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Introduction: 8051 Micro controller: Comparison of Microprocessor and Micro controller. Single bit instructions and programming. present trends in ES. Stepper motor. Logic instructions and programs. 8051 serial communication programming. Data Types and directives. keyboard. Real World Interfacing: LCD. Codesign.Ali Mazidi 2) Am embedded software primer. Embedded System design life cycle. overview of 8085 families. micro controller and embedded processors. product specifications and hardware. I/O Port programming: Addressing modes and accessing memory using various addressing modes. Register banks and stack. Recommended Text Books: 1) The 8051 Microocntroller and embedded Systems by: . ADC and sensors. Arithmetic instructions and programs. Assembling and running an 8051 program. David e Simon. Jump loop and call instructions. design parameters of an ES and its significance (With respect to all parameter).
drought. Unit 3 : Ecosystems Concept of an ecosystem. case studies. effects of modern agriculture. fertilizer-pesticide problems. use of alternate energy sources. deforestation. salinity. f) Land resources : Land as a resource. renewable and non renewable energy sources. water logging. case studies. changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing. scope and importance L T P 3 1 0 (2 Lectures) Need for public awareness. man induced landslides. conflicts and water. Case studies. c) Mineral resources : Use and exploitation. case studies. environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources. mining. Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources. 37 . b) Water resources : Use and over-Utilization of surface and ground water. floods. soil erosion and desertification. Timber extraction. Unit 2 : Natural Resources : Renewable and non-renewable resources : Natural resources and associated problems.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 CE-216 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 Unit 1 : The Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies Definition. dams-benefits and problems. land degradation. a) Forest resources : Use and over-exploitation. d) Food resources : World food problems. e) Energy resources : Growing energy needs. Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles. dams and their effects on forests and tribal people.
social. oceans. Energy flow in the ecosystem. aesthetic and option values Biodiversity at global. Producers. estuaries) (6 lectures) Unit 4 : Biodiversity and its conservation Introduction – Definition : genetic. Food chains. man-wildlife conflicts. types. food webs and ecological pyramids. species and ecosystem diversity. rivers. lakes. b. ethical. poaching of wildlife. Ecological succession. structure and function of the following ecosystem :a. Forest ecosystem Grassland ecosystem Desert ecosystem Aquatic ecosystems (ponds. productive use. National and local levels. Threats to biodiversity : habitat loass. c. streams. Biogeographical classification of India Value of biodiversity : consumptive use.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 Structure and function of an ecosystem. Endangered and endemic species of India Conservation of biodiversity : In-situ conservation of biodiversity. India as a mega-diversity nation Hot-spots of biodiversity. 38 . characteristic features. Introduction. consumers and decomposers. d.
Noise pollution f. global warming. ozone layer depletion. nuclear accidents and holocaust. effects and control measures of :a. its problems and concerns. Climate change. Case studies. Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act 39 . rain water harvesting. earthquake. Case studies. Soil pollution d. cyclone and landslides. Water pollution c. Disaster management : floods. Marine pollution e. Wasteland reclamation. Environment Protection Act. Pollution case studies. Role of an individual in prevention of pollution. Environmental ethics : Issues and possible solutions. Air (Preventation and Control of Pollution) Act. Nuclear hazards Solid waste Management : Causes. industrial (8 lectures) Unit 6 : Social Issues and the Environment From Unsustainable to Sustainable development Urban problems related to energy Water conservation. Consumerism and waste products. Air pollution b. watershed management Resettlement and rahabilitation of people . Thermal pollution g.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 Unit 5 : Environmental Pollution Definition Causes. acid rain. effects and control measures of urban and wastes.
Study of simple ecosystems-pond. (7 lectures) Unit 7 : Human Population and the Environment Population growth. Unit 8 : Field work Visit to a local area to document environmental and river forest grassland hill mountain. HIV / AIDS Women and Child Welfare. Visit to a local polluted site – Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural Study of common plants. hill slopes. birds. Value Education. (Field work Equal to 5 lecture hours) 40 . Environment and human health.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 Wildlife Protection Act Forest Conservation Act Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation. Population explosion – Family Welfare Programme. river. etc. Role of Information Technology in Environment and human health. Case Studies. insects. Public awareness. variation among nations. Human Rights.
system function of LTI systems in Z-domain. Inverse Z-transform methods. and gananpriya. Representation of numbers.Design of IIR filter by Impulse invariance.com (iii) www.Advantages and disadvantage of DSP over analog processing. Discrete Fourier Transform: Frequency domain sampling and reconstruction of discrete time signal. Classification of discrete time LTI system using convolution sum method. Design of digital filters: Fundamentals of filter design.Goertzel algorithm.com (ii) www. Manipulation of discrete time signals. DFT as linear transformation.Analog amd digital domain frequency transformation. Digital signal processing : ifeachor: pearson education. Websites: (i) www. Pearson education . Recommended Text book: 1. Discrete time Signal and Systems: Elementary discrete time signals.decimation in time .decimation in frequency algorithm. Analysis of LTI system using Difference equqtion. parallel form and lattice form structures for FIR and IIR systems. bilinear transformation and matched Z transform technique.cascade form.bdti. DSP processor architecture fundamentals: Study of ADSP and TMS series of processor architectures. properties of Z-Transform. Recommended Reference Books: 1. Digital signal processing : salivahanan. Quantisation of filter coefficients. one sided Z –Transform.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-308 Digital Signal Processing Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 4 1 0 Introduction : Basic elements of DSP system. Fast fourier transform(FFT). use of DFT in linear filtering. TMH.ti. Direct form.bores. properties of LTI system. Implementation of Discrete time system: Structures for realisation of discrete time system.com (iv) www.com 41 . Digital Signal Processing : Proakis and Manolakis . Rational Z-transform function representation. properties of DFT. 2. Design of FIR filter using Window method. vallavaraj.analog. Z-Transform: Direct Z-Transform and importance of ROC.Application of Digital signal processing.
planning a cellular system. fixed channel assignment. performance criteria. real time co-channel interference. propagation over water or flat open area.S. 2nd ed. desired C/I from a normal case in an omni directional antenna system. “Wireless Communication. Operational Techniques: Parameters. long distance propagation. cell site. mobile to mobile propagation. C Y Lee McGraw Hill 2. T. foliage loss. dropped call rates & their evaluation. 2001. Cell Site Antennas and Mobile Antennas: Characteristics. antenna at cell site. 3G systems: UMTS & CDMA 2000 standards and specifications Elements of Cellular Radio Systems Design: General description of the problem. co-channel interference reduction factor. propagation near in distance. Recommended Text Books: 1. coverage hole filler. analog & digital cellular systems. narrow beam concept. Frequency management. antenna heights and signal coverage cells. Cell Coverage for Signal & Traffic: General introduction. 2. consideration of the components of cellular systems. operation of cellular systems.characteristics. cell splitting.. Rappaport. non-fixed channel assignment. 42 . traffic & channel assignment. leaky feeders. Mobile Cellular Telecommunications.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 Department Elective-I DE1. concept of frequency reuse channels. PHI. diversity receiver in co-channel interference – different types. Dropped Calls: Why hand off. William. cell splitting and small cells.specifications of various units. Wireless and Digital Communications. principles & practice”. Dr. mobile antennas. Interference: Introduction to co-channel interference.1 Cellular & Mobile Communication Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Introduction to Cellular Mobile Systems: A basic cellular system. Kamilo Feher (PHI) 3. point to point prediction model. obtaining the mobile point to point mode. antenna parameter and their effects. types of handoff and their characteristics. Cellular Wireless Communication Systems: Second generation cellular systems: GSM specifications and Air Interface . uniqueness of mobile radio environment. Hand Off.5 G systems: GPRS/EDGE specifications and features. cochannel measurement design of antenna system. Frequency Management and Channel Assignment.
Reference Books: 1. Various Packaging methods and Materials. CMOS fabrication techniques(nwell and p-well process sequences). Si-Wafer preparation. Epitaxial growth. Pattern generation/Mask making. Contact and Proximity printing. General classification of IC’s(Linear/Digital IC’s . Photolithography Process(Lift off technology . Wire Bonding techniques. Photoresistsl. Wet/Dry etching. VLSI Technology : Sze. Fine line photolithography). Reactive Plasma etching techniques and applications DIFFUSION AND ION IMPLANTATION: Basic diffusion process(Diffusion equation. Monolithic/ Hybrid IC’s). Masking properties of SiO2 . Fabrication of MOS Devices . Preoxidation Cleaning. Fundamental of Semiconductor Fabrication:Gray S. Implant Damage and Annealing process (Furnace and RTA). Isolation Techniques. Distribution of dopants. Lateral Diffusion.VPE. Zone refining. Fabrication of Diodes. Fabrication of BJT and FET. Extrinsic diffusion. Testing of the Chip. VI IC PACKAGING. Recommended Text Books: 1.2 MICROELECTRONICS Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 INTRODUCTION: Advantages of IC’s. Ion Stopping). Czochralski growth. Basic IC fabrication steps CRYSTAL GRTOWTH AND EPITAXY: Starting material for formation of crystal. IV PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY AND ETCHING. Thin oxide growth). Flip Chip technique. Techniques used for epitaxial growth(LPE. Various oxidation techniques. VII FABRICATION OF MONOLITHIC COMPONENTS. Horizontal Bridgeman Method.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 DE-1.Sze 2. Ion Implantation Process (Ion distribution . Effect of impurities on the oxidation rate. Resistors.MBE) SILICON OXIDATION: Thermal oxidation process (Kinetics of growth . Diffusion profiles). Silicon Float Zone process.May and Simon M. Introduction to MEMS. Microelectronics: Jacob and Millman 43 . capacitors and inductors.
Workers ' Participation. Payment of Wages Act-1936. Meaning and Importance of Employee Safety. Welfare of Employees and its Importance.C. Employee Employer relationship Causes and Effects of Industrial disputes. 2. Bonus & Incentives.Personnel Management (Tata Mc. Lowin B. administration of welfare amenities. Job Evaluation. Workmen’s Gratuity Act 1972. Psychological tests and interviewing. Administration of Discipline. 4. functions of Human Resource Management & its relation to other managerial functions. Role of trader unions in maintaining cordial Industrial Relations.Human Resource Management (Dhanpat Rai & Co. Scope and Importance of Human Resource Management in Industry.Math & Co. Absenteeism. Graw-Hill) C. Bombay) T. Safety Previsions under the Factories Act 1948.N. Issues in wage administration. Recommended Text Books: 1. introduction to Motivation Theory. Difference between Human Relations and Industrial Relations. Minimum Wages Act-1961 Integration: Human Relations and Industrial Relations. Career Development & Planning.) Recommended Reference Books: 1. The Compensation Function: Basic concepts in wage administration. Job analysis & Design: Job Analysis: Job Description & Job Description.B. Mamoria . 3. 5.Chhabra. Social security. Accidents-Causes & their Prevention. Factors affecting motivation. Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of vacancies) Act 1959. Employees Grievances & their Redressal. ESI act 1948. company’s wage policy. Future challenges for Human Resource Management.) A Minappa and M. Saxena . Importance of collective Bargaining. Bhagotiwal . Employee Development. Job Specification. Family Pension Scheme. Labour Turnover.Personnel Management (Himalaya Publishing House.3 HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Introduction: Introduction to Human Resource Management and its definition. Quality of work life. Nature. S.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 DE-1. Training & Development: Difference between training and Development. Process of Human Resource Planning. Methods of Recruitment. Saiyada .Labour Problems and social welfare (K.N. Meaning and Importance of Placement and Induction. Procurement and Placement: Need for Human Resource Planning. Factors required for good Human Relation Policy in Industry. Principles of Training. T. Flippo . The Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act 1970. Communication in organization. Motivation.Principles of personnel Management (Mc Graw-Hill) R. Maintenance: Fringe & retirement terminal benefits. Changing face of the Indian work force and their environment. Promotion-Merit v/s seniority Performance Appraisal.Economics of Labour and Industrial Relations (Sahitya Bhawan Agra) 44 . Role & position of Personnel function in the organization. Job Satisfaction: Job satisfaction and its importance.
data flow techniques. PCMCIA. interrupts. Rs 232C/Rs 485. GPIB. Correlation methods. image acquisition & processing. Counters & timers. Labview for everyone. Study of Data Acquisition & Control using Labview ® Virtual instrumentation for an Innovative Thermal Conductivity Apparatus to measure the Thermal Conductivity Apparatus. graphs. string & file Input. System basics. formula modes. timing. Data Acquisition basics: ADC. MC GrawHill. New Jersey. graphical programming in data flow. Advantages of VI. block diagram & architecture of VI. SCXI. Common Instrument Interfaces: Current loop.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 DE-1. interface basics: USB. Fourier transfo+rms. networking basics for office & industrial application VISA & IVI. Recommended Text Books: 1. local & global variables. case & sequence structures. Motion Control. Programming Techniques: VIS & Sub VIS. arrays.4 VIRTUAL INSTRUMENTATION Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Review of Virtual Instrumentation: Historical perspective. Define VI. comparison with conventional programming. Power spectrum. Prentice Hall. PC Hardware structure. loops & charts. 1997. Gary Johnson.Wells & Jeffrey Travis. 45 . Use of Analysis Tools: windowing & flittering. 120 MHz Pentium Computers. Software and Hardware Installation. Labview Graphical Programming second edition. PXI etc. Lisa K. DMA. 2. Need of VI. Major equipments-Oscilloscope.to measure the conductivity of non Newtonian fluids while they are subjected to sharing force. Digital Multimeter. Labview Software. Newyork. 1997. clusters. Application of VI: Application in Process Control projects. VXI. DIO. DAC.
techniques. Applications of fuzzy logic. Recurrent networks.Neural Networks & Fuzzy Logic 4. learning types of learning supervised unsupervised. Unsupervised learning: competitive learning. Delta rule. Model of a neuron. Radial Basis: Function neural networks. recurrent back propagation. Simon Haykin . Fuzzy Logic : Basic concepts of Fuzzy Logic. correlation learning rule. basic learning Laws in RBF nets. Kohonen's feature maps. membership functions. control. Vegna Narayanan . vector quantization. Building Fuzzy IF-THEN Rule Bases By Riza C. CMAC networks. Basic Hopfield Model: the perceptron. associative memories. Fuzzy system design. Fuzzy Systems Design Principles. defuzzication techniques. Recommended Text Books: 1. basic fuzzy inference algorithm. Real Time Recurrent learning algorithm. Introduction to counter Propagation networks.5 NEURAL NETWORKS AND FUZZY LOGIC Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Neural Networks characteristics: History of development in neural Networks Principles. Bart Kosko . fuzzy IF-THEN rules. Linguistic variables. JeeeBcss 2. Widrow & Hoff LMS learning rule. Artificial Neural Net terminology. ART networks. variable inference. operations of fuzzy sets.Applications in speech and decision making.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 DE-1. Fuzzy vs Crisp set. Applications of neural nets such as pattern recoginition: optimization. Implementation of fuzzy system. Useful tools supporting design. re-inforcement learning. linear separability. K-means clustering algorethm.Neural Networks 46 .Artificial Neural Networks 3. Berkin & Trubatch. Basic learning laws : Hebb's rule. topology. instar and outstar learning rules.
Measurement of Directivity and coupling coefficient of a directional coupler. Determination of the standing wave pattern on a transmission line and finding the length and position of the short circuited stub. 4. Determination of the phase-shift of a phase shifter. 7. Measurement of Dielectric constants.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-310 LAB X: MICROWAVE Engineering Internal Marks: 30 External Marks: 20 Total Marks: 50 L T P 0 0 2 List of Experiments: 1. 47 . 5. Measurement of crystal characteristics and proof of the square law characteristics of the diode. 10. Measurement of VSWR and standing wave ratio. Determination of the radiation characteristics and gain of an antenna. 9. 8. Calibration of the attenuation constant of an attenuator. Measurement of Q of a cavity. Study of microwave components and instruments. 6. 4. Measurement of klystron characteristics. 3. 2.
8. 4. 9. overload. error introduction & error estimation in a digital link using MATLAB (SIMULINK)/ComSim. 2. 10. Study of delta modulation and demodulation and observe effect of slope L T P 0 0 2 48 . Error Detection & Correction using Hamming Code Digital link simulation. 3. Data decoding techniques for various formats. 5. Study of frequency shift keying modulator and demodulator. 7. Study of Time Division Multiplexing system. Study of pulse code modulation and demodulation. 6. Study pulse data coding techniques for various formats.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-312 Lab-XI Digital Communication Internal Marks: 30 External Marks: 20 Total Marks: 50 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. Study of phase shift keying modulator and demodulator. Study of amplitude shift keying modulator and demodulator.
12. 4. speed and number of steps. 14. L T P 0 0 2 49 . 8. Interfacing of high power devices to Micro-controller port-lines. 7. 15. 10. Write a program to interface the ADC. 9. Write a program to split a byte in two nibbles and show the two nibbles on display. 6. Write a program to generate a Ramp waveform using DAC with micro controller. Write a program to add two numbers lying at two memory locations and display the result. Write a program to show the use of INT0 and INT1. LED. 2. Write a program to control the speed of DC motor. Write a program to check a number for being ODD or EVEN and show the result on display. Study of 8051/8031 Micro controller kits. relays and LCD display. Write a program of Flashing LED connected to port 1 of the Micro Controller 11. Write a program for multiplication of two numbers lying at memory location and display the result. 5. Write a program to find a factorial of a given number. 13.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-314 Lab XII Micro controller Internal Marks: 30 External Marks: 20 Total Marks: 50 List of Experiments: 1. Write a program to control a stepper motor in direction. 3. Write a Program to arrange 10 numbers stored in memory location in Ascending and Descending order. Study of Interrupt structure of 8051/8031 micro controllers.
9. Proakis . To develop program for designing IIR filter. 4. unit step. 2. 7. To develop program for computing circular convolution. 50 . Vikas Publication. 6.. exponential and unit ramp sequences. To develop program for finding magnitude and phase response of LTI system described by system function H(z). To develop elementary signal function modules (m-files) for unit sample. To develop program for cascade realisation of IIR and FIR filters. To develop program for designing FIR filter. 8. To develop program modules based on operation on sequences like signal shifting. 10.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-316 List of experiments: Lab XIII: Digital Signal Processing using MATLABTM Perform the following excercises using MATLABTM 1.K. 12. Recommended Book: 1. To develop program for computing DFT and IDFT . To develop program for discrete convolution and correlation . To develop program for finding response of the LTI system described by the difference equation. DSP using Matlab : Ingle V. 11. To develop program for computing inverse Z-transform. signal folding. signal addition and signal multiplication. 5. 3. To develop program for conversion of direct form realisation to cascade form realisation.
PPP NETBEUI. Packet Switching & Message switching. IPX/SPX). ARP. Comminication Switching Techniques: Circuit Switching. hubs. Unix Networking concepts: Introduction to sockets. CSMA/CD. Repeater. comparison of OSI & TCP/IP Ref Models. FDDI. Bridges. TCP/IP reference Model. MAN. HDLC & SDLC. James L. Networking H/W: Ethernet cabling. Data link control: Flow control. Half duplex & Full duplex. Router. SLIP. The NIC. Simplex. Transport layer Transport layer Protocols like TCP. UDP. N/W Topology. TCP services. File transfer: FTP. Token Ring.Intranet & Extranet. Internet.RARP . concept of Routing & congesition control. 2. & their frame formats. High level Protocols:. Recommended References Books: 1. Mansfield. Pearson Education. Wired N/W Vs wireless N/W. N/W Reference Models:. Framing. LAN standards (IEEE 802 PROJECT): Ethernet. & Computer Networks: Introduction. Keneth C. Parallel & serial. Protocols & Protocol suits (eg TCP/IP. William Stallings “Computer Networking with Internet Protocols And Technology”. PHI. Internet and its Applications .PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-402 Computer Networks Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 4 1 0 Data communication concepts: Digital & Analog.IP & IP Addresses. connection Oriented Transport Protocol.OSI reference Model. Transcievers. Classification of computer N/W’s. 51 .HTTP.Synchronous Asynchronous. Antonakos “An Introduction to Computer Networking”. Token Bus. Cable Modems. Error Detection. Need of Protocols & their significance in Networking. Email: SMTP & MIME & POP3 Modern Applications: Web Applications :. Jr. Traditional Application: Terminal Acess:Telnet. Data link & N/W layer Services provided to N/W layer.LAN. WAN. N/W Protocols: Low level Protocols. Switches.
Material Dispersion. Optical Fibers: Geometrical-Optics Description. Higher-order Dispersion. Channel Multiplexing. Coupled Cavity semiconductor Lasers. Modulation Formats. Loss limited Light wave systems. 52 . Power-current Characteristics. Attenuation Coefficient. Keiser G. Sources of Power Penalty. Small & Large Signal Modulation. 2. Optical Fibers as a Communication Channel. Light wave System Components. Polarization-Mode Dispersion. Agrawal. Vertical Cavity Semiconductor Lasers. Optical Transmitters. Stimulated Light Scattering. Fabrication Methods. Wave Propagation. Dispersion-Induced Limitations. Reflection Feedback Noise. Power Budget. Receiver sensitivity. Light Emitting Diodes. Tunable Semiconductor Lasers. 6. Maxwell’s Equations. Spectral Line width. Fiber Manufacturing. Chirped Gaussian Pulses. Single-Mode-Fibers. Frequency Chirping. Fiber Losses. Basic Propagation Equation. Dispersive Pulse Broadening. Govind P. Evolution of Light wave Systems. Dispersion limited Light wave systems. Analog & Digital Signals. 3. Optical Receivers. Modulation Response. Non radiative Recombination. Bit error rate. Receiver Performance. Material Absorption. Graded Index Fibers. Optical Receivers: Basic concepts. Noise mechanism. Receiver Design. Nonlinear Optical effects. Cables and Connectors 3. wave guide Imperfections. Fiber Modes. Group Velocity Dispersion. Principles & Practice. Light Wave Systems: System Architecture. Mode Partition Noise. Minimum Receiver Power. Multi channel Systems: WDM Light wave systems. 5. p-n Photo Diodes. Code Division Multiplexing. Avalanche Photo Diode. Basic Concepts. Fiber Optics Communication Systems John Wiley & Sons (Asia ) Pte Ltd.. Laser Characteristics. MSM Photo detector. Four Wave Mixing. LED Structures. Source Fiber Coupling. Text Books: 1. Receiver Noise. Semi Conductor Lasers. Optical Transmitters: Basic Concepts. Semi conductor Materials. PHI. Optical Fiber Communication Mc graw-hill. p-i-n Photo Diodes. LED spectrum. DFB Lasers. Wave guide Dispersion. p-n Junctions. Limitations on the Bit Rate. Dispersion in Single-Mode Fibers. Optical TDM Systems. 2. Design Issues. Nonlinear Phase Modulation. Optical Fiber Communications. Subscriber Multiplexing. Sensitivity Degradation. Step-Index Fibers. Long Haul systems.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-404 Optical Fiber Communications Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 1. Rayleigh Scattering. Model Noise. Emission and Absorption Rates. Fiber Bandwidth . Senior J. Introduction: Need of Fiber Optic Communications. 4. Optical Communication Systems.
Decoders. McGraw Hill 6. Resolution functions. Combinational Circuit Design: VHDL models and simulation of combinational circuits such as Multiplexers. Data objects. PLAs. Conditional statements. Introduction to behavioural. VHDL Statements: Assignment statements. Hardware description languages. Logical operators. Encoders. VHDL Models and simulation of sequential circuits. dataflow and structural models. Roth. “A VHDL Primmer”: Bhasker. H. Digital Design & Modelling with VHDL & Synthesis : KC Chang. Code converters. Design with CPLDs and FPGAs: Programmable logic devices : ROM.P Jain. “Introduction to Digital Systems”: Ercegovac. Introduction to VHDL. Classes and data types. Prentice Hall 1995 4. TMH(2003) 53 . VHDL-IV Edition:Perry. Counters etc. IEEE Computer Society Press. Sequential Circuit Design: registers. 3. TMH(2000) 9.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-406 VLSI DESIGN & TECHNOLOGY Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 4 1 0 Introduction: Introduction to Computer-aided design tools for digital systems. Case statements. Implementation of Boolean functions etc. Types of delays. Modern Digital Electronics-III Edition : R. Operators. John wiley(1999) 8. “Digital System Design using VHDL”:Charles. Implementation of a simple microcomputer system using VHDL. IEEE Standard VHDL Language reference Manual(1993) 2. “VDHL-Analysis & Modelling of Digital Systems”: Navabi Z. Architecture of a simple Microcomputer system. sequential Statements and process. Design and implementation using CPLDs and FPGAs Recommended Text Books: 1. Lang & Moreno. Fundamentals of Digital Logic with VHDL Design: Brown and Vranesic. CPLDs and FPGA. Specifications. TMH(2002) 7. Overloading. Comparators. PWS(1998) 5. Array and loops. Entity and Architecture declaration. Shift Design of Microcomputer: Basic components of a computer. GAL. PEEL. Packages & Libraries. Concurrent statements.
Design of Half-Adder. Design of Synchronous 8-Bit universal shift register ( parallel-in. Design 3-line to 8-line decoder with address latch 20. Design of 2:1 Mux using other basic gates 4. Design of 8:3 Priority Encoder 8. Mod 7 Counter d. 15. Design of 2. Mod 16 counter f. Mod 3 Counter b. 4 Bit Johnson counter 18. Mod 5 Counter c. Design a decimal up/down counter that counts up from 00 to 99 or down from 99 to 00. parallel-out) with 3state output ( IC 74299) 16. Load and Synchronous reset. 14. Design an 8 Bit parity generator ( with for loop and Generic statements) 11. 19. Half Substractor. Design a. Full Substractor 6. 17. Design of 8-Bit Shift Register with shift Right. Design of 2 to 4 Decoder 5. Design of 4 Bit Binary to BCD Converter using sequential statement 10. Design of AND gate b. Design of ALU 54 . Design of all type of Flip-Flops using ( if-then-else) Sequential Constructs 13. Design of Gates a. Design of 3:8 Decodre 7. Design of 4 Bit Binary to Grey code Converter 9. Design of XOR gate 2.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 EC-408 VLSI DESIGN LAB Internal Marks: 30 External Marks: 20 Total Marks: 50 Combinational Design Exercises L T P 0 0 2 1. Rhisft Left. Design of OR gate c. Design of 4 Bit Binary to BCD Converter using sequential statement. Design of XOR gate using other basic gates 3. Mod 8 Counter e. Full Adder.s Complementer for 8-bit Binary number using Generate statements Sequential Design Exercises 12. Design of Synchronous 8-bit Johnson Counter.
C. UJT. bridge. Ltd. SCR. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Schottky diode.C... Integral cycle control. Bridge rectifiers -half controlled and fully controlled. motor control.1 INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Characteristics of Selected Devices: Fast recovery diodes. Voltage Controllers: Types of AC Voltage Controllers. 1987. reversible drives. Inverter.. 1986.K.P.c. A. three phase rectifiers. series and parallel connection of SCRs. harmonic reduction Motor Control: D. Diac. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Dutta. and A. current driven.S. closed loop control.C. 2. SCR versions. Free-wheeling diode. commutatorless d.C. Controlled Rectifier: Half wave and full wave with resistive & R-L-E and resistive-inductive loads. Power Electronics and Control . Power Electronics . Ltd. Sequence control of AC voltage (Transformer tap changers) Books Recommended: 1.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 Department Elective II DE-2. control of output voltage-PWM schemes. motor control. parallel. gate trigger and commutation circuits. Sen. 55 . Triac. Power MOSFETs. single phase voltage controller. Chopper And Cycloconverter : Voltage driven.
Calculation of error probabilities. Features. Wireless Data Services. Protocols for Network Access.Channel modelling.frequency selective slowly fading channel. Cordless Telephone Systems.Combining methods. Paging Systems. Development of Wireless Networks. 56 . Sloted ALLOHA. Broad band Signaling System No. Packet Radio Protocols. Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA). Comparison of common Wireless Communication systems Digital Communication through fading multipath channels: Fading channel and their characterstics. Pure ALOHA. Global system for Mobile (GSM). Digital signalling over a frequency non selective slowly fading channel. ISDN & ATM. Space Division Multiple Access.2 Wireless Communication Systems & Networks Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Introduction: Mobile Radio Systems around the world. CDMA Digital standard (IS 95). Difference between Wireless & Fixed Telephone Networks. Frquency and Channel specifications.Switched combining. Spread Spectrum Multiple Access. Services. Traffic Routing in Wireless Networks. Wireless Systems & Standards: AMPS and ETACS. and Channel Types. Forward CDMA Channel. Cellular Telephone Systems. Speech Processing in GSM.maximal ratio combining. Multiple Access Techniques for Wireless Communications: Introduction. Personal Communication Services/ Networks. United states digital cellular (IS54 & IS 136).Selective diversity combining-pre-detection and post-detection combining. Frame Structure for GSM.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 DE-2. System Architecture.performance-Concept of diversity branches and signal paths.Tapped Delay line model. Common Channel signaling. Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA). Examples of Wireless Communication Systems.The RAKE demodulator. Capacity of Cellular Systems Wireless Networking: Introduction.Equal gain combining. 7(SS-7). Network Databases.
WLL Technologies and frequency spectrum. IEEE 802. Raj Pandya. Personal Handyphone Systems. “Wireless communications:Principles and practice”.Rappaport. Wireless Local Area Networks (WLAN): Components and working of WLAN. “Mobile and Personal Communication systems and services”. Mobile Network and Transport layer: Mobile IP. third Indian reprint Pearson Education Asia 2003. Theodore S. PCS and ISM Bands. 57 . Wireless Local Loop(WLL) : WLL Architecture. Mobile TCP. Wireless Cable Television. Personal Access Communication System. 2. MACAW). 2001. Pacific Digital Cellular. CT2 Standard for Cordless Telephones. Modulation techniques for WLAN (DSSS. transmission media for WLAN. Prentice Hall of India.11 standards and protocols for WLAN (MACA. 4G mobile techniques. wire less ATM.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 Reverse CDMA Channel. Future trends: Blue Tooth technology. traffic routing in wireless networks. Wi-Fi Technology. Recommended Text Books: 1. FHSS).
Origin of Bio-potentials: Electric activity of excitable cells. EMG. Micro shock and Macro shock hazards.Marvin D. Boston. Recommended Text Books: 1. 58 . Chilton Book Co. principles and applications.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 DE-2. electrical stimulators. 1978. Cardiac pacemakers. Electrical safety standards Basic approaches to shock protection. Wwirs. Neuron resting potential. Inductive. Bio-effects of Microwaves: Interaction of microwaves with biological systems. flow rate. generation of signals. Measurement of gas volume. cardiac output and cardiac rate.John G. source of these potentials. Electrode-skin interface. Biological Hazards of microwaves as well as low fr Therapeutic and Prosthetic Devices: Defibrill'ors and cardioverters Heamodialysis. carbon dioxide and oxygen concentration in exhaled air. Electrode behaviour. Polarization.. 2. recording. Thermistors: Radiation & Chemical thermometry. Houghton Miffin & Co. respiration controller. Electrode theory and Different types of Electrodes. Diathermy. flour scopy. EEG. Angio graphy. Webster. balloon flow. Medical Imaging Systems: Radiography. Ventilators.. Ultrasonic scanning and nuclear medicine. Respiratory System Measurements: Respiratory mechanism. Nerst equation : ECG. Biomedical Instrumentation . Cardio Vascular Measurement: Measurement of blood pressure. CAT scan. Medical Instrumentation : Application & Design . London. piezoelectric transducers. capacitive.3 BIO-MEDICAL ELECTRONICS Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Transducers and Electrodes: Different type of transducer and their selection for Biomedical applications. 1973. Electrical Safety: Physiological effects of electricity.
Role of CNC Machines. Interfacing. Integrated Circuits. Electroplating. Cnc Systems: Introduction. Control Systems. Advantages of CNC Machines. Transformers. Monitoring. Recommended Text Books: 1. 2.4 MECHATRONICS Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Introduction: Mechatronics & its scope. Alciatore 59 . Insulators. Guideways. Hydraulics. Spindle drives. Electrochemistry. Servo Principle. Configuration. Materials & its Science. Subroutines. Programming Of Cnc Machines: Co-ordinate system. Applications of CNC Machines. Ganging. Silicon controlled Rectifier. Histand & David G. Aries & Motion Nomenclature.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 DE-2. Motors. Diaagnostics. PLC & its Programming. Electrical Systems: AC & DC Drives. Electronics For Mechnical Engineers: Conductors. Feedback Elements. Amplifiers. GO2/GO3 Circular Interpolation. Heat Treatment. Parametric Programming(User Macros) & R-Parameters. Mechatronics by HMT. Tata Mc GrawHill Introduction to Mechatronics and Measurement System by Michael B. Sensors & Transducers. Bearings. Measuring Systems. Active & Passive Components used in Electronics. Mechanical Systems For Electronics Engineers: Concepts. Software & Interfaces. Feed drives. Digital Electronics. Wiring of Cabinets. Splinter.
Aggarawal & P. estimation of material & labour cost. Depreciation: Introduction.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 DE-2. Book – Keeping: Necessity of book-keeping.C. Books Recommended: 1.loss a/c. 4. balance sheet. payout period & uniform annual cost method. 3. classification. Reddy “Industrial Engg. profit.P. 2. methods of calculation of depreciation. prerequisites of estimation. M. & Management” O. P. Khanna “Industrial Engineering” 60 . Economic Analysis of Investment: Criteria for comparison of alternatives. economic efficiency. economic life of a project. N. estimate/cost sheet. depletion. Costing: Elements of cost. classification of assets. Cost Estimation: Introduction. methods of distribution of overhead cost. Narang & Dhinjra “Cost Accounting” S.5 ENGINEERING ECONOMICS Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Introduction: Engineering Economy & the Engineering process. terms used. trial-balance. Jain. systems of book-keeping. basic patterns. rate of return method. bioenvironmental nature of engineering. elements of overhead cost. Replacement Studies: Reasons for replacement. methods like present worth method. Jain (New Age Pub) “Advanced Accounting” C. requirement of an economic study of an engineering project. factors to be considered in replacement studies.
Passwords. Secondary storage. Deadlock prevention. Introduction to process: Concept of process. PCB. CPU scheduling: Introduction. Concurrency. LRU algo’s. Recognization methods. Viruses. Logical vs physical address space. Priority scheduling. Multilevel feedback queue scheduling Process Synchronization: Co-operating process. segmentation. Authentication. SJF. File access methods. Operations on process: Process creation and termination. Pure demand paging. Non contiguous storage allocation. Multilevel queue scheduling. File attributes. FIFO. Deadlock characteristics. I/O channels. Dealing with viruses. FIFO. Process Scheduling. Page replacement algo`s. Multiprogramming. Access matrix. Optimal. Ekta Walia “Operating systems Concepts” 61 . Scheduling criteria. Semaphores Deadlocks: Introduction. detection and deadlock recovery. Shortest seek time first SSTF scan. Dealing with deadlocks. RR scheduling. Protection & Security Introduction: Introduction. Different views of an OS. Process states and there transitions. Directory structure. Encryption. C-SCAN. Parallel Processing. File System Interface & implementation: File concepts. Layered Architecture of an OS. Case Study: UNIX &WIN NT Recommended References Books: 1. Peter Galvin “Operating systems Concepts” Addison wessly 2. File naming. Variable partition CSA. Security & its goals. Threads: User level and kernel level threads. Access rights. CPU scheduler. Scheduling algorithms: FCFS.1 OPERATING SYSTEMS Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Operating System Concepts An Introduction: What is an OS. Fixed partition contiguous storage allocation. worms. Look &C-look Disk scheduling algo’s. Distributed Processing. System Calls. Disk structure.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 Department Elective III DE-3. Swapping. Operating System Structures: OS services. Demand paging. Device Mgmt & Storage Structure: I/O subsystems. System Structures. Real Time Systems. Continuous storage allocation. Batch Processing. Network OS. Virtual Memory: Introduction. Time Sharing. paging. Goals of protection. Multiprocessing. Disk scheduling. Program relocation & mgmt techniques. avoidance. Need of OS. Memory Management Basics: Introduction. Evolution of OS.
Pseudocoloring & color displays. Woods. constant & non-linear operations between image & histogram techniques. Reference Books: 1. Introduction to Electronic Image Processing: historical background. N. Color Image Processing: Color Models.J. SPIE Press. Fundamentals of digital image processing by A. 1989. 5. Image segmentation & Representation: Image Thresh-holding.. Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs. Gonzale & Richard E. 4. Prentice hall of India New Delhi. Non-Linear image processing techniques: Non-linear Spatial/Mean/Adaptive & Homomorphic Filters 6. image restoration.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 DE-3. visual perception. 62 . sampling & Quantization & application of image Processing. image formation. Fundamentals of electronic image processing by Arthur R. Edge/Line &Point direction. Pearson Education Asia(2nd edition 2002) 2. Eastern Economy Edition 2003. Spatial & Special frequency filtering. 7. 2. Image Enhancement by Point operation: An overview of point Processing. Jr.2 Image Processing Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 1. Region based segmentation & Image representation. Weeks. examples of color image processing.Jain. 3. 8. Discrete Fourier transforms & other image transforms. Digital Image Processing by Rafael C.K. Transforms used in Electronic Image Processing: Review of 1-D & 2-D Fourier Transforms. Spatial Filtering & Fourier frequency Method: Noise in image. Introduction to Morphological filters & Image Compression Text Books: 1.
earth station parameters. Orbital aspects of Satellite Communication. digital baseband signals & modulation techniques. superframe. Satellite analog & digital communication Baseband analog(voice) signal. interference effects on complete link design. demand assignment ctrl. burst time plan. weather forecast. atmospheric & econospheric effects on link design. frame acquisition & synchronization. data Communication services. optical satellite link Tx & Rx. Timothy Pratt “Satellite Communication “ 2.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 DE-3. military appliances. optical fibre CATV system. Active & Passive satellite. satellites for earth observation. burst structure. head end equation. Recommended Text Books 1. beam acquisition. Laser & Satellite Communication Link analysis.3 SATELLITE COMMUNICATION Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Introduction: Origin of Satellite Communication. DA-FDMA system. Communication Satellite Link Design . satellite switched. general link design equation.C Aggarwal “Satellite Communication” 63 . C/N & G/T ratio. Satellite Applications Satellite TV. frame efficiency.Introduction. Multiple Access Techniques TDMA frame structure. DATDMA. Satellite. D. Current state of Satellite Communication. TDMA vs FDMA. cable chaanel frequency. distribution of signal. System Performance. tracking & pointing. beam hopping.FDMA techniques. system noise temperature. Advantages of Satellite Communication. S/N ration. telephone services via satellite. SCPC & CSSB systems. Erlang call congestion formula. n/w specifications and architecture. complete link design. scientific studies.
4 Reliability Engineering Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 Concepts of Reliability: Failure of systems and its modes: Measure of Reliability.K. Life Testing of Equipments: Non destructive tests. L. Replacement Process and Policies. Data Collection. Mean Down Time. Calculation of Failure Rate. r out of n configurations. Quality and Reliability. Destruction tests and their mathematic modelling. Reliability and safety.PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 DE-3. Use of Reliability data. Hazard Rate MTBF and their interrelations. Govil “Reliable Engineering” 2. Aggarwal “Reliable Engineering” 3. Reliability Function. Time dependence. Factors affecting maintainability. Standby systems. Reliability determination. Parallel systems. Maintainability And Availability: Maintainability and its equation. Simulation and Reliability Predeiction. Reliability Analysis. Recommended Text Books: 1. Methods of tie set and cutsets of or reliability evaluation. Value Engineering: Techniques in value Engineering structures of Engg. Performance Parameters. System Reliability And Modeling: Series Systems. Monte Carlo Method. Safety margins in critical devices. Reliability Data Analysis: Data Sources. Measures of maintainability. S. Srinath “Concepts in Reliable Engineering” 64 . Application of Weibull distribution. Reliability Management. K. Series Parallel systems. Case studies. Availability intrinsic availability equipment availability & Mission availability. Measurement & Prediction of Human Reliability.
horizontal deflection circuits.V.V. component restoration.5 TELEVISION ENGINEERING Internal Marks: 40 External Marks: 60 Total Marks: 100 L T P 3 1 0 General Introduction Sound and picture transmission.H. picture elements. plumbicon. weighting factors. Colour Television Colour fundamentals. D. interlaced scanning . video I.principle of operation and characteristics. scanning process. types of tuners. transmission and reception-frequency interleaving. functions of composite video signal. chromaticity diagram. vidicon. vertical deflection circuits. colour burst signal. compensation . inter stage coupling methods. Broadcast Television receivers Design specifications for T. take off.video bandwidth. Television simplified .T. video detector. Horizontal & vertical sync details.resolution. tuner. low frequency compensation. transistor video I.F tuner. F. Television Camera and Picture Tube Camera lenses. Basic Television Principles and servicing . T. types of trap circuits. studio / control room. vestigial side-band channel allocations. M.V.F. synchronising circuits and control oscillators. Gula 65 .V.V. Picture carrier signal transmission Negative transmission.F.R. receivers. McGraw Hill 5.By Dhake Arvind. Principles of Television Engg. comparison of various T. Composite video signals and TV standards Construction of composite signal. colour picture tubes and its types. Kilver 3. McGraw Hill 4. V. generation.C. H.Milton S. colour T. modulation of colour difference signals. alignment of monochrome and colour T.Image orthicon. monochrome picture tube. transistor tuners.Cits types. and E. camera tubes. camera tubes. horizontal resolution . R. sound I. Sound and picture reception.vertical resolution. video amplifier requirements. frame and field frequencies. amplifier circuits . F.H. Television Engg. T. amplifier. Recommended Text Books: 1.F. receiver controls. . R. Block diagram of V.Fink. Tata McGraw hill 2. .PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 DE-3.Bernard Grob.A G. receiver in India. Principles of Monochrome of colour television . mixing of colours and colour reception. synchronisation and staggered tuning. scanning sequence details.
PTU/BOS/EC/101/08-05-2004/BATCH 2003 .
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