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NURSING MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT (ADULT

INCLUDING ELDERLY) WITH DISORDER OF


DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
Introduction of the Chapter
• Review of anatomy and physiology of digestive
system
• Nursing assessment –history and physical
assessment
• Etiology ,pathophysiology,clinical manifestation
,diagnosis, treatment modalities and medical,
surgical, dieteties & nursing management in
disorder of :-
 Oral cavity:-lips,gums,tongue,salivary glands
and teeth
 Oesophagus:-inflammation, stricture,
obstruction,bleeding and tumours
 Stomach and deudenum:-hiatus
hernia,gastritis,peptic
ulcer,bleeding,tumors,pyloric stenosis
 Small intestine disorders:-inflammation and
infection,enteritis,malabsorption,obstruction,t
umour and perforation
 Large intestinal disorders:-
colitis,inflammation and infection,obstructon
and tumour and lump
 Hernias
 Appendix
 Anal and rectum:-
hemorrhides,fissures,fistulas
 Peritonitis /acute abdomen
 Pancreas
:inflammation.cyct,abscrss,cirrhosis,portal
hypertension,hepatic failure,tumours
 Gall bladder:inflammation,obstruction,stones
and tumour
• Special therapies alternative therapies
• Nursing procedures
• Drugs used in treatment of genitourinary
disorders.

Definitions of selected terms

Absorption : it is phase of the digestive process that occurs when small


molecules ,vitamins ,and minerals pass through the walls of the small
and large intestine and into the bloodstream.

Amylase : an enzyme that aids in the digestion of starch

Anus : it is a last section of GI tract, outlet for waste products from the system

Chime :

Digestion :

Elimination :

Esophagus :

Fiberoscopy :

Hydrochloric acid :

Ingestion :

Intrinsic factors:

Large instestine :

Lipase :

Mouth :
Pepsin :

Small intestine :

Stomach :

Trypsin :
Review of anatomy and physiology of digestive
system

Nursing assessment –history and physical


assessment

Disorder of oral cavity


(lips,gums,tongue,salivary glands and
teeth)

Disorder of oesophagus
( inflammation, stricture, obstruction,bleeding
and tumours )

Disorder of Stomach and deudenum


(Hiatus hernia,gastritis,peptic
ulcer,bleeding,tumors,pyloric stenosis)

Disorder of small intestine disorders


(inflammation and infection, enteritis,malabsorption,
obstruction, tumour and perforation)
Disorder of Large intestinal
(Disorders:colitis,inflammation and
infection,obstructon and tumour and lump)
Hernias

Appendix

Anal and rectum


(hemorrhides,fissures,fistulas)

Peritonitis /acute abdomen

Pancreas
(inflammation.cyct,abscrss,cirrhosis,portal
hypertension,hepatic failure,tumours)

Gall bladder
(inflammation,obstruction,stones and tumour)
• Special therapies alternative therapies

• Nursing procedures

• Drugs used in treatment of genitourinary


disorders.