OT3—Study Paper

2007

Brendan Moar

Very Brief Notes on the Other Exilic Prophets (i.e., not Ezekiel)
1. Second Isaiah [40-55]
1.1. Key Themes: What they are, what they're about and where to find them.
Word; Creation; Redemption; Servanthood; Zion; Messiah

1.1.1. Word
YHWH's word is Powerful • The Powerful word of God goes forth from the throne in Ch 40 • It is painted as powerful and enduring: it will achieve its purpose and can be trusted ch 40 and 55 (1st and last chapter of this section) • The power lies in its origin: YHWH and his will 55:10-11 YHWH's word is Predictive • The predictive nature of YHWH's word stands as a polemic against the other gods. He influences history; they can't 41:21-24

1.1.2. Creation
• The hope of the exiles lies in YHWH; the incomparably powerful creator 40:12-26

1.1.3. Redemption
Redemption through a new creation • Israel created by YHWH for his glory [43:21] • Redemption tied with the second exodus [51:9-11] • End goal of redemption is the reversal of the Gen 3 curse: a new creation [55:12-13] Redemption through power • 50:1-2 speak of YHWH not having any debt to repay in redeeming Israel. He sent them away [c.f. 43:3-4], and he has the power to redeem them.

1.1.4. Servanthood
Israel as servant • 41:8-9 tell us that the nation is the servant. • Exile came because of failure of Israel to be the servant. • 43:14-21 foreshadows a new exodus: the exiles corporately called to be God's servant Servant Israel is blind and deaf • The exiles will be returned to the land and called to be the obedient servant • but they are blind and deaf (unresponsive) to YHWH's word. [42:18-19]

Brief notes on other Exilic Prophets

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OT3—Study Paper •

2007

Brendan Moar

They need their sin dealt with. I.e., they need more than a physical restoration to the land; they need a spiritual restoration.

A mini-me Servant? • There seems to be a servant with the servant, who suffers and atones for the sins of the servant community. Ch 53. The Servants (pl) • after Ch 53 the idea of servants (pl) arises (e.g. 54:17). • An individual and corporate idea: the new Israel of the future. Servanthood is grounded in election, affected through (atoning) suffering, suffering brings exaltation, and the result is mission; the glory of the Lord is proclaimed to the nations.

1.1.5. Zion
City and People • Zion is the name for judged and restored Jerusalem; God's holy city. • 51:15 applies Zion to the people in exile themselves. Eschatological Symbol • Zion is the focus of eschatological hope [ch 65-66; Zion is the centre of the renewed universe] • The future city where all nations come to worship YHWH [45:14]

1.1.6. Messiah
Messiah: Cyrus? • The Lord's anointed in 45:1 • He is a temporary messiah: a divinely ordained ruler to achieve God's will in the absence of a Davidic ruler. Messiah: Servant? • 40-55 finishes with a reaffirmation of the covenant, looking forward to a future time when the Davidic promises will be fulfilled. Anticipates a future messiah.

2. Jeremiah
Jeremiah was working hard before the exile and then got to experience the fall of Jerusalem firsthand in 587 BC.

2.1. Key Themes: What they are, what they're about and where to find them.
Judgment and Hope; Remnant; Cultic Theology; Covenant Theology; Messianism

2.1.1. Judgment and hope
• Israel has been disloyal to the covenant ch 2

Brief notes on other Exilic Prophets

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OT3—Study Paper • •

2007

Brendan Moar

They would be severely judged: the prophets weren't allowed to intercede for them 11:14; 14:11; 15:1 Looks forward to the hope of the remnant

2.1.2. Remnant
• • The 'fig' vision of ch 24 identifies the exiles as the true Israel Submission to Babylon was the right thing to do: it was God's will.

2.1.3. Theology of the Cult
• • Ch 7 shows the focus of the judgment coming on the temple The ark will be lost—ch 3—and this challenges the belief that their religion was all about following temple regulations.

2.1.4. Theology of the Covenant
• • 31:31 is the biggie: a new covenant! The covenant is a 'new initiative of God guaranteed to secure faithful obedience.'

2.1.5. Messianism
• • • No hope for political restoration [22:30] Big future hope for Davidic House restoration [ch 23] Key term "righteous branch"

Brief notes on other Exilic Prophets

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