Jesse James Rule Family History Part 2
John Rule & Theodocia Collins
Jesse’s Great Grandparents
John Rule was born in about 1784 in Westmoreland, Pennsylvania. He immigrated with his parents Thomas and Phebe Rule and his family, to Bourbon County, Kentucky Territory, Virginia in about 1789. He was sometimes recorded as John Rule, Junior. That probably served to distinguish him from his uncle John Rule, who lived in the same neighbourhood. The Bourbon County Tax Book 1 for the year 1805, page 20 lists John Rule Jr. He is listed with no land, 1 white male over 21 and 1 horse. John would have been about 21 this year. Bourbon County, Kentucky Tax Book of Aquila Parker, Commissioner, for the year 1806 lists on page 20 John Rule Jr with no land, 1 white male above 21 and 2 horses. The marriage records of Fayette County Kentucky 1803-1809 Volume 1 includes a marriage bond issued for John Rule Jr (as John was called in order to distinguish him from his Uncle John Rule, brother of Thomas, who also lived in this area) for his marriage to Theodocia Collins on the 3rd of February 1806. Robert B. Collins was bondsman indicating he was Dicy’s father. Dicy was born in about 1790 in Kentucky and thus was another “frontier child”. John and Dicy kept a tavern in Millersburg, Kentucky. The following items are from the Bourbon County court records: 1809 - The Bourbon County Will Book C, page 542 contains a record of John Rule Jr purchasing a bed at the estate sale of Isaac Hall. 1815, 9th of May - The Bourbon County, Deed Book P page 446 records a deed to John Rule for lot number sixty six in the Town of Millersburg. 1815, 14th of October - Bourbon County Deed Book M, page 298 records a deed from John and Dicy Rule to John Tribby for a consideration of $100. It is also noted at this time that the dower relinquishment of Dicy Rule was certified by James Robinson and Aquilla Parker, Justices of the Peace. 1815, 14th of October - Bourbon Count Deed Book M, page 472 John Rule from Joseph Miller lots number 82 and 83 in Millersburg for a consideration of $650. 1917, 6th of December - John and Dicy Rule to Martin Baker lots number 82 and 83 in Millersburg for a consideration of $650. 1818, 17th of January - The Bourbon County Will Book F, page 221 records the estate sale of Henry Sturgess in Millersburg, John Rule bought a coat.
Index of the 1810 Census of Millersburg, Bourbon County, Kentucky : Listing 1 WM under 10, 2 WM 16 to 26, 2 WM 26 to 45, 1 WF under 10, 1 WF 16 to 26 and no other persons.John Rule would have been about 26 years of age at this time, his wife Dicy is probably the female between 16 to 26.
Feb 3rd 1806 Marriage bond for John Rule’s marriage to Theodocia Collins
In January of 1819 the records of Pendleton County, Kentucky include a stock mark that was recorded by a John Rule. It would appear that John and his family moved from Bourbon County to Pendleton County, Kentucky just a few months before he died. John died on the 16th of October, 1819 at the age of thirty five. His death left six children, from about age thirteen to a baby, possibly born after his death, to be raised by his widow Dicy and John’s father Thomas. Thomas Rule, who was then living in the Shaker Community of Pleasant Hill, was appointed guardian of the children. The Shaker records indicate that the oldest of John and Dicy’s children Eliza, was a resident there until 1827. Dicy and the other children are not listed in those records. Their children were Eliza Rule born on the 27th of July 1807, Thomas R Rule born on the 18th September 1809, Olive Rule born on the 22nd of June 1810, William A Rule born in 1814, Sara Ann Rule born in 1815 and Mary Jane Rule born in 1818.
Ordered that Thomas Rule be appointed guardian to Thomas Rule Jr, Olivia Rule, William Rule, Sarah Rule and Mary Rule infant orphans of John Rule deceased: Whereupon the said Thomas Rule together with Edward B. Rule and William Mountjoy, his securities, entered into and acknowledge his bond in the penalty of Four Hundred Dollars conditioned as the law directs.
John’s brother, Edward Byram Rule was appointed administrator of his estate and an account settlement with Prss G Kennett was filed in Pendleton County court after John’s death. It lists the following purchases in 1819: Feb 6 - powder and lead 53 ½ cents April 9 - 19 yards of domestic cotton $7.89, ½ yard linen check 93 ¾ cents June 5 - 1½ yards cambrick 93 ¾ cents, ¼ yard jackinett cambrick 31¼ cents, 3 yards calico $1.50 July 14 - ginger, nutmeg and thread 34 cents October 9 - ¼ lb tea 62 ½ cents The last entry was made on the 16th of October 1819 and was cambrick for a shroud $2.62, which was presumed to be for John’s burial. Between 1830 and 1832, Dicy and her eldest son, Thomas R Rule - Jesse’s grandfather, moved the family to Clay County, Missouri, where several of the children including Thomas R Rule, married and raised families. Dicy lived to be quite old but no record has been found of her death. In a letter written on the 4th of June 1898 by John’s nephew John Thomas Rule, son of Edward Byram Rule he states: “Uncle John Rule died the night I was born (of course I heard that) Oct. 16, 1819. He had married Miss Dicy Collins - they had several children - don’t know how many - She afterwards moved to Missouri and lived to be quite old - but can’t say how long Her oldest son Thomas Rule was living some 20 years ago near Trinidad Colorado - had a large tract of land - was reputed to be wealthy - and a Calvinist hard shell Baptist preacher - I don’t know anything about his brothers & sisters.”
Settlement of the account of the administrator of John Rule’s estate Edward B. Rule Filed in the Pendleton County Court November 1824
The Siblings of Thomas R Rule
Eliza Rule: born the 27th of June 1807. Eliza would live for a while in the Shaker Village at Pleasant Hill Kentucky following the death of her father. According to the Shaker records Eliza arrived at Pleasant Hill in 1818 and left on the 7th of February of 1827.
Olive Rule: Olive was born the 22nd of October 1810 in Bourbon County, Kentucky. She married Jackson Pence in Clay County, Missouri on 11 January 1835. Her household is probably the one listed in dwelling 207, Pettis Township, on the 1850 census of Platte County. The census recorder listed the head of this household as a 38 year old male named Oliver Pense. This is probably an error, and really represents Olive Rule Pence, who was born in Kentucky. The census lists children in the household: Wm. H. Pence, age 14; Eliz’h Pence, age 12; Virginia Pence, age 10; Louisa Pence, age 8; and Madaline Pence, age 6. Olive Pence is listed in dwelling 416, Liberty Township in Clay County in the 1860 census. Three of the same children were still living with her at that time.
The following was written by Lee Capps regarding his ancestor William Henry Hold who married the daughter of Olive Rule and Jackson Pence, Madeline Pence. William Henry Holt, who was known formally as "W. H." and familiarly as "Bud", was born February 12, 1843 in Bedford County in the south central part of Tennessee. His parents were William J. Holt and his wife, Ann G. Kimbro. In 1851, the family moved to Missouri and settled in the western part of Clay County. Bud Holt is known in family memory and contemporary accounts as a Confederate veteran of the Civil War and a stubborn "Rebel" until the day he died. Documenting his actual war service has proven difficult. Confederate records for Missouri are fragmented and the problem is compounded by the large amount of "guerrilla" warfare and other "irregular" service that occurred in the state. Bud's service was apparently of this irregular kind and most of what is known about his wartime adventures comes from detailed family stories. Bud is said to have fought in the Battle of Lexington, one the earliest and most famous Civil War battles in Missouri. On September 20, 1861, at the town of Lexington, just down the Missouri River from Clay County, a small band of Federal troops, in defensive positions on the river bluff, was defeated by a larger army of Confederates who fought their way up from the river. A quantity of hemp, a local cash crop used in rope making, was stored in large bales at the river side, awaiting shipment. The Southerners soaked Madeline Pence Holt these bales with water to prevent fire and used them as cover during the attack, rolling them ahead as they climbed the slope. The engagement thus came to be called the "Battle of the Hemp Bales". Many of the Confederates in the Lexington attack were local recruits, Southern sympathizers who belonged to no organized military unit. These volunteers apparently included Bud Holt, then 18 years old, and a friend named Joe Gady. Joe was armed with a then unusual weapon, a Colt "Navy" revolver. The revolver was fast shooting when compared to most of the weapons in use, but was slow loading, since there were as yet no self-contained, metal-cased shells and each of the six chambers had to be separately loaded with powder, hand-made bullet, and firing cap. As the attack progressed, Joe would leap out from behind the hemp bale, fire his six shots, then return to cover to re-load. This tactic proved to be foolish, since a Federal marksman spotted what Joe was doing, waited for him to show himself, and shot him dead. Bud Holt took the revolver from his friend's body, together with its powder can and bullet mold. He carried the gun through the war and kept it the rest of his life. (The old Colt remains a family treasure and is now in the possession of Robert Casteel Capps, Bud Holt's great-great-grandson.) The available records of Missouri Confederate soldiers include several William Holts. There are two records which might refer to our Bud Holt's activities after Lexington. A "Wm. Holt" joined Company E of the 2nd Missouri Infantry at Springfield, Missouri on January 1, 1862 and a "William Holt" enlisted as a private in Company F, 3rd Regiment, Porter's Brigade, at Abbeville, Missouri on July 15, 1862. Bud might have been either of these men or he could have been both, since neither served long and in the confusion of Civil War Missouri, a man could join whatever unit was at hand. If either or both of these entries refers to our Bud Holt, they do him no credit. The Springfield Holt was left behind by his unit on February 12, 1862 because he was sick and "soon went home", a deserter. The Abbeville Holt "deserted" his unit on August 1, 1862. Given the nature of Confederate forces in Missouri and the general state of confusion which prevailed, these men, whoever they were, probably thought of themselves as "free agents" rather than criminals.
The only military service for Bud Holt which can be confirmed from official records is, surprisingly, Union service. The family stories state that Bud was a member of the "Paw-Paw Militia" and the family long assumed this to be a Confederate unit. In fact, the "Paw-Paw Militia" consisted of the 81st and 82nd Regiments, Enrolled Missouri Militia, United States Army. They were, however, a most unusual Union body. They existed for only six months in the winter of 1863-1864 and were used as a peace-keeping force in Clay and Platte Counties. They took their popular name from the paw-paw bushes that grew along the river banks where they patrolled. Because regular troops were very unpopular with the southern majority in the area, the officers who formed the regiments were given permission to enlist "the disloyal" for this local service. Ex-Confederate soldiers and others joined to avoid being drafted for service in the regular Union Army. The "Paw-Paws" were severely criticized by Unionists and, although the propaganda makes it hard to be sure, they were probably only partly successful. They did protect lives and property from Kansas raiders (known as "Jayhawkers" and "Redlegs"), but were apparently too partisan to be useful against Confederates, regular or "guerrilla". Bud Holt was a Private in Company I of the 82nd Regiment from September 24, 1863 to April 9, 1864, roughly the whole existence of the "Paw-Paw Militia". After his time with the "Paw-Paws", Bud apparently resumed his irregular service in the Southern cause. According to family stories, he and his half-brother, Andy (George Anderson) Kimbro, were among the 20 or so Clay Countians who staged an ambush of Federal troops on July 15, 1864. In retaliation for the killing of a local Confederate, these men, led by one Abraham Estes, lay in wait on the road from Liberty to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and opened fire when the troops rounded a bend. Several soldiers were killed or wounded and their companions returned fire. Estes' horse was shot from under him and he was hunted down and killed in a nearby graveyard. The other perpetrators escaped in spite of a diligent search. It is said that Bud and Andy hid in some wheat shocks all night before they could safely make their way home. When the war finally ended, Bud Holt, like hundreds of thousands of other combatants, returned to farming and a normal life. As part of that return, Bud married Madline Pence on February 18, 1866 at her mother's home in Clay County. Madline Pence (who was sometimes called "Maddie") was born in Clay County, Missouri on October 18, 1844. She was the youngest of the five children of Samuel Andrew Jackson Pence and Olive (Rule1) Pence (1). Madline's father was one of several members of the Pence family from Scott County, Kentucky who were early pioneers in western Missouri and the family was prominent in the early history of Clay and adjacent Platte County. When her father died during Madline's first year, the family was apparently assisted by Pence relatives and lived at times in Platte County as well as Clay when she was growing up.
Gertie Holt, daughter of Maddie Pence, mother of Earnest Capps
Bud and Maddie began housekeeping near his family in the western part of Clay County. For the next 45 or so years, they resided in Gallatin Township in an area known as Linden, on a road which (much later) became North Oak Street in the cities of Gladstone and Kansas City. They reared two daughters and when their grandson, Ernest Capps, was orphaned in 1897, they waged a successful battle for his custody and raised him to adulthood as well. They were good citizens and involved in school and community activities. They were affiliated with the Baptist Church, although they apparently were not regular church-goers. Sometime after 1910, Bud and Maddie left the farm and moved to the town of Liberty, eventually living with the family of their grandson Ernest on West Kansas Street. It was at this home that Madline died on the evening of May 17, 1922 at the age of 77. Bud died some three years later on July 29, 1925, also at the Capps home. He had fallen in the basement of the home three weeks earlier and did not recover from the injuries. He was 82. W. H. and Madline Holt are buried in the Fairview/New Hope Cemetery in Liberty, Missouri. William Rule: born c1814 in Burbon County, Kentucky died in Pendleton County, Kentucky sometime between 1821 and 1830.
Sarah Ann Rule: born c1814 in Burbon County, Kentucky, died somewhere between 1850 and 1860 possible in Jackson County, Missouri. Sarah married William Rollins in Clay County, Missouri, 29 July 1832. Their children included: Elia J born 1833, John born 1836, Amanda born 1839, Cyrus Washington born 1841, Julian born 1845 and Samuel born 1849.
Mary Jane Rule: Born c1818 in Pendleton County, Kentucky. Mary married Isaac Brink in Platte County 9 April 1840. Their household is listed in dwelling 206, Pettis Township, in the 1850 census of Platte. The children in the house were: Jackson Brink, age 9; John W. Brink, age 7; and Ann E. Brink, age 1. The adults in the house are listed as: Isaac Brink, age 30, born Mo., and Mary
Thomas R Rule & Clarissa Martha Pence
Thomas R Rule (grandfather to Jesse) was born on the 18th of September 1809 in Bourbon County, Kentucky. In 1819 the family had moved to Pendleton, Kentucky. On the 16th of October of that year, when Thomas R was ten years of age, his father John Rule died. Guardianship of Thomas and his siblings was given to his grandfather Thomas Rule who was then living in the Shaker Village in Mercer Kentucky. Thomas eldest sister Eliza is in the records there as having resided in the village for several years, but no records indicate the other children went there. Thomas’s brother William A Rule died sometime in or shortly after 1821 in Pendleton, Kentucky. In 1821 Eliza Rule in the Pendleton choose her grandfather Thomas Rule as her guardian. Court Dicy and the children stayed in Pendleton for some time following the death of John Rule. Dicy and Thomas would move to Clay County, Missouri in 1827. Dicy’s other children with the exception of William who had died and Eliza who was living at Pleasant Hill, would also move to Clay. Three of Thomas’s sisters would marry in Clay County, Sarah to William Rollins on the 29th of July 1832, Olive to Jackson Pence on the 11th of January 1835 and Mary Jane to Isaac Brink on the 9th of April 1840. Thomas himself would marry in Clay County as well. On the 13th of September 1832 Thomas married Clarissa Martha Pence. Thomas and Martha (as she would be known) would settle in Jackson County, Missouri which is the county on the southern boarder of Clay. Martha was the daughter of John Pence and his wife Sarah Lightburne (Jesse’s great grandparents).
Thomas R Rule and his wife Clarissa Martha Pence
Clarissa’s great grandparents, Johann George Bentz (the name changed to Pence in America) & Anna Barbara Bullinger (Jesse’s third great grandparents) , immigrated to America in 1749 from Iggleheim, Bayern, Germany. The family settled in Shenandoah, Virginia. In about 1826 four sons of Johann and Barbara, Lewis, Jacob, Adam & Henry moved into Clay County. Adam and his wife Susannah would raise their family in Clay County. Their son John and his wife Sarah Lightburne were Clarissa’s parents. John, his brothers and sisters would live in and around Clay County. His nephew Samuel Jackson Pence, son of John’s brother Adam Sun, married Olive Rule, sister of Thomas R Rule. The Pence families and the Rule families were very closely connected. In 1836 Thomas and Richard H. Pence would act as I Henry Hill a preacher of the Gospel do certify that Thomas Rule and Clarissa administrators of the estate of Martha Pence were lawfully married by me on the 13 day of September 1832 (the John Pence, father of Clarissa, who had died intestate in Clay rest is not legible) County.
One of the most interesting family connections comes through Jesse's grandmother Martha Pence. The most famous residents of Clay County during this time was the notorious outlaws Frank and Jesse James. Their neighbours growing up directly across what is now the highway was the Pence family, Clarissa's relatives. Two of her cousins, Thomas Edward Pence and Alexander Doniphan Pence (known as Bud and Donnie) were known childhood and lifelong friends of Frank and Jessie. Bud and Donnie would become members of the Jesse James Gang, participating in their train and bank robberies. After they had left the gang they would continue their friendship with Frank and Jessie, often giving shelter to the outlaws when they were hiding out from the law. Bud was born within six weeks of Frank and Donnie was born within months of Jesse James. Jesse Rule's father James Thomas Rule (second child of Thomas and Martha) was born in 1847, the same year as Donnie and Jesse James. Given the closeness of their ages, the close proximity of the families and the known close personal relationship between the James and Pence families it is fair to assume that Rule’s also knew and interacted with Jesse James. To what extent is not known. James Thomas Rule would name his second son “Jesse James” Rule after the outlaw. Thomas’s Aunt Mary Polly Rule (daughter of Thomas and Phebe Rule) married Abraham Miller on the 25th of May 1813 in Bourbon County, Ketucky. The family relocated to Callaway County, Missouri and would raise a family of ten. Two of these children, Leander and Vernile were members of Quantrell's raiders, the most notorious Confederate unit of bushwackers during the Civil War which began in 1861. The Quantrell’s Raiders fought under the leadership of William Clark Quantrell. In 1863 Frank James joined the Quantrel raiders and thus began his life as an outlaw. In In May of 1863, a Union militia company raided the James farm, looking for Frank's group. They tortured Reuben Samuel, the James’s stepfather, by briefly hanging him from a tree. According to legend, they also lashed young Jesse. Frank had eluded capture and returned to Clay County in the spring of 1864. It was then that 16 year old Jesse James joined his unit, beginning his life as an outlaw. Shortly after that, the two brothers joined the bushwacking group of Bloody Bill Anderson. Thomas, shortly before his marriage to Martha, would become a member of the Baptists at the Liberty Church. A few years later he would become a minister in Jackson County and in 1840 he was added to a list of preachers in the Blue River Association. Thomas would become a Calvinist Hardshell Baptist preacher. Calvinism recognizes God's absolute sovereignty. It is a belief of God's Word as set forth by John Calvin, an old Puritan preacher from the 16th century. “Hardshell” is a term applied to those early Baptist ministers who preached among a denomination called “Primitive Baptists” . Most of the ministers would preach on Sunday and farm the rest of the time. Their denomination frowned on "paying" a man to preach the Gospel as it was supposed to be freely given. Pastors were sometimes given donations to offset their travel expenses but not paid a regular salary. Thomas would own considerable land in Jackson County. He was by standards, a wealthy man. He’s also been described as somewhat of a “mountain man”, traveling extensively in the western wildernesses. In the early 1860’s Thomas began freighting to Colorado and New Mexico. By 1866 he had relocated to Colorado and began stock raising there.
Grave of Clairssa Martha Pence Rule Originally buried in the Stroud Burying Ground moved to the Woodland Cemetery in Independence, Jackson County
1871 Jesse James
The Home of Jesse James and his family, Clay County, Missouri 1877
Bub Pence and wife Mary
1830 Census for Clay County, Missouri Showing John Pence living here (second name from bottom). Martha would have been noted as the female “of fifteen and under twenty”. The family of John’s brother Adam is also shown on the following page of this census.
Excerpts which mention Thomas R Rule from the 1881 book The History of Jackson County, Missouri by the Union Historical Company
Thomas along with Elders James Dean and John T. Clark were probably the first Primitive Baptist ministers to preach in Colorado. The first Primitive Baptist Church organized in Colorado, was called Antioch. It was organized at Greenwood in Fremont on the 31st of May 1873. An account of the organization of this church was published in the Messenger of Peace, Vol. 1 page 196 by Bro. Wm. B. Williams and follows:
CONSTITUTION OF ANTIOCH CHURCH "The Brethren and Sisters met on Hardscrabble, Fremont County, Colorado Territory, on Saturday before the first Lord's day in May, 1873, and agreed to be constituted into a Church, chose Elders Thomas R. Rule, and James Dean as Presbytery to meet the brethren, on Saturday before the first Lord's day in June, 1873. The brethren and sisters met according to agreement, Elders Thomas R. Rule and James Dean present. Elder Rule was chosen Moderator, protem, and Wm. B. Williams, Clerk protem. A discourse delivered by Elder Thomas Rule, from Romans xii: 4, 5. Elder Dean led in examination, on the Articles of Faith. Elder Rule gave the charge. The Church was constituted on six members: Thomas R. Rule, James Dean, Wm. B. Williams, Mary Williams, Minerva Duncan, and Mary Lively. The first Church of Regular Baptists in Colorado was called Antioch. The Regular Baptist Church of Christ called Antioch, being constituted into a Church on the 31st day of May, 1873, opened the door of the Church, and received two by experience and baptism. Elder Thomas R. Rule chosen moderator, jointly with Elder James Dean, and Wm. B. Williams chosen clerk." "Requested Elder Rule to furnish a copy of the minutes and forward to Oak Grove Church of Regular Baptists, in Jackson County, Missouri, also Elder Dean forward a copy to the Signs of the Times. The church adopted the Articles of Faith of the Washington Association of Regular Baptists of Arkansas."
The Families of Thomas R Rule
On the 2nd of August 1833 Thomas and Clarissa’s first child John W would be born in Washington, Jackson, Missouri. This would indicate the couple had moved to Jackson County shortly after their marriage. This child was followed by Harriet Ann on the 12th of April 1836, Henry H on the 19th of October 1838, Gabriel Fitzhugh on the 10th of January 1842, Richard Ed on the 21st of January 1845 (Richard died on the 5th of July 1846), James Thomas (Father of Jesse) on the 16th of July 1847, Sarah Elizabeth on the 17th of November 1850 and their last child David was born of the 7th of April 1854. Clarissa died on the 30th of April 1854, just 23 days after the birth of David. David died on the 11th of July that same year. Clarissa was buried in the Strode Cemetery in Levasy, Missouri (buried as “Martha” Rule as she was often called). Thomas remarried on the 8th of October 1855 to Eliza Jane Gray. Elizabeth was born on the 5th of October 1836 in Missouri. Eliza was the daughter of Edward Lee Grey and Nancy Howard. She was 27 years younger then Thomas, something which the descendents of the Grey family feel could have upset her family. According the Beverly Land, the great grandaughter of Eliza’s brother William Lee Grey, William would not speak to Eliza because of some scandal. Together Thomas and Eliza would have four children: Samuel Hadly Rule born on the The grave site of Eliza Jane Grey 11th of August 1856 in Hickman Mills, Jackson County, Dicy J. Rule born on the 22nd Rule of January 1858, Bell M. Rule born on the 27th of May 1861 and Ed Lee Rule born on The Blue Ridge Cemetery the 28th of January 1863. All of these children were born in Missouri. Eliza died on the Jackson County, Missouri 5th of February 1863, just over a week after the birth of Ed. She is buried in the Blue Ridge Cemetery in Jackson, Missouri. Despite the rift between Eliza and her family she is buried with her parents and a brother James Ira Grey. Ed does not show up on any other census or documents that pertain to this family so it is assumed that he also died at birth or shortly after.
I The will of Edward Gray, father of Eliza Rule Naming children of deceased daughter Eliza - Samuel, Dicy and Bell Rule
n 1863, just 6 months after Eliza’s death, General Order # 11 was issued in Missouri. Missouri was a state of massive conflict during the civil wars and in retaliation of Bushwacker William Quantrill’s attack on Lawrence, Kansas the immediate evacuation of four counties, including Jackson County, home of Thomas R Rule was ordered. Jackson County had a large number of Confederate sympathizers living within its boundaries. As of 1860, Thomas R Rule was a wealthy land owner in Jackson County who also owned Slaves. In all probability he did not not support the Union which was trying to abolish slavery. Order #11 was ordered as a measure to cut any local support to the bushwhackers from their families and supporters. The residents were given fifteen day to vacate their homes. Once gone, a large portion of Jackson County and the adjacent counties were burned. War had taken its toll on Missouri. Homes had been torched, horses stolen, livestock killed. The population of Missouri had dropped by an estimated 300,000 people between 1861 and 1865. Roughly one in three citizens had been killed in battle, murdered at home, driven out by guerrilla threats, banished by authorities or simply had fled to a more hopeful place. We don’t know the reasons the Rule’s left Jackson County but we do know that they were still living there in 1863 when Eliza died six months before the Order #11 evacuation order. Thomas’s son, James Thomas Rule (father of Jesse) would leave Jackson County and go to Kansas. Rosy Stewart in her memoir “I Remember” states that she was told by James that lied about his age and came west with a wagon train at the age of 12. Its not clear when he did go west but he as well as his brother John W Rule were both living in Missouri in 1860 and in Kansas by the 1870 Census. It is possible that Thomas R Rule stayed with family after he left Jackson County. He did have sisters that were living there and as well the family of his first wife, Clarissa Pence. In 1865 Thomas married his third wife, Margaret Baker. They were married in Clay County. Following this marriage he would relocate to Colorado. The marriage records of Clay County show that Thomas R Rule married Margaret Stayton nee Barker there on the 4th of May 1865. Henry Hill had officiated. Her first marriage had been to Christopher Stayton, a marriage Thomas himself had officiated at. Shortly after their marriage and in the same year, Thomas and Margaret moved to Colorado. Thomas would begin stock raising and would continue preaching there. Thomas and Margaret would have two children, Richard Silas Rule born on the 14th of January 1866 and Ida Rule born on the 4th of July 1867. Both of these children were born in Colorado.
The Text of General Order No 11: General Order No. 11 Headquarters District of the Border, Kansas City, August 25, 1863. 1. All persons living in Jackson, Cass, and Bates counties, Missouri, and in that part of Vernon included in this district, except those living within one mile of the limits of Independence, Hickman's Mills, Pleasant Hill, and Harrisonville, and except those in that part of Kaw Township, Jackson County, north of Brush Creek and west of Big Blue, are hereby ordered to remove from their present places of residence within fifteen days from the date hereof. Those who within that time establish their loyalty to the satisfaction of the commanding officer of the military station near their present place of residence will receive from him a certificate stating the fact of their loyalty, and the names of the witnesses by whom it can be shown. All who receive such certificates will be permitted to remove to any military station in this district, or to any part of the State of Kansas, except the counties of the eastern border of the State. All others shall remove out of the district. Officers commanding companies and detachments serving in the counties named will see that this paragraph is promptly obeyed. 2. All grain and hay in the field or under shelter, in the district from which inhabitants are required to remove, within reach of military stations after the 9th day of September next, will be taken to such stations and turned over to the proper officers there and report of the amount so turned over made to district headquarters, specifying the names of all loyal owners and amount of such product taken from them. All grain and hay found in such district after the 9th day of September next, not convenient to such stations, will be destroyed. 3. The provisions of General Order No. 10 from these headquarters will be at once vigorously executed by officers commanding in the parts of the district and at the station not subject to the operations of paragraph 1 of this order, and especially the towns of Independence, Westport and Kansas City. 4. Paragraph 3, General Order No. 10 is revoked as to all who have borne arms against the Government in the district since the 20th day of August, 1863. By order of Brigadier General Ewing. H. Hannahs, Adjt.-Gen'l.
April 9th 1865 Marriage registration of Thomas Rule and Margaret Stayton nee
State of Missouri, Jackson County: I Thomas R Rule, a Minister of the Gospel, do certify that on the 2nd day of August AD 1854, I united in marriage Christopher Stayton and Margaret Barker in Jackson County. Given under my hand this 3rd day of August 1854 . T. R. Rule M. J.
Thomas officiated at the Sept 20th 1846 marriage of Arthur D. Stayton, brother of the above Christopher to Delila Wells. Thomas’s daughter with Clarissa, Harriet Ann Rule, would marry this Arthur in 1855 two years after the death of Delila.
The September 22nd 1867 Jackson, County marriage of Thomas’s and Clarissa’s son Gabriel Rule to Lucy (known as Fannie) Barker, sister of Margaret Barker Stayton. This record also states that Gabriel was living in Fremont, Colorado at the time of the marriage.
1850 Census for Washington, Jackson, Missouri
showing Thomas and Martha (Clarissa) with children John, Harriet, Henry, Fitzhugh and James James was Jesse’s father. He would be 4 years of age at the time of this census.
1853 Land title for Thomas Rule of Jackson County for the west half of the south west quarter of Section 27 in township 48, Range 33 80 acres
1853 Land title for Thomas Rule of Jackson County for the south east quarter of the south east quarter of section 27, township 48, range 33 40 acres
1854 Land title for Thomas Rule of Jackson County for the east half of the north east quarter, section 34, township 48, range 33 80 acres
1856 Land title for Thomas Rule of Jackson Township for the north west quarter of the north west quarter of section 29 and the North east quarter of the north east quarter of section 30 in township 47, range 32 80 acres
1860 Census for Jackson County , Missouri showing Thomas with wife Eliza (Elizabeth) and children Gabriel, James (Jesse’s father at age 12), Sarah, Samuel, Dicy and Elizabeth Rule. Its not clear who Elizabeth’s parents were, she does not show up in any other records with the family.
1860 Slave Schedule for Jackson County, Missouri Showing Thomas R Rule as the owner of 4 slaves
September of 1866 US IRS Tax Assessment list for the Sate of Colorado for Thos R Rule
1870 US Census for El Paso, Colorado showing Thos R Rule with wife Margaret, children Samuel, Dicy, Bell, Silas and Ida (Silas and Ida being Thomas’s children with Maragret) Listed below is Gabriel Rule and his wife Fannie. Gabriel and Thomas are both listed as “stock raisers”
1880 Census for Arkansas, Fremont, Colorado showing Thos R Rule with wife Margaret and their son Silas aged 14 Thomas’s occupation is listed as Stock Farmer Thomas died in 1881 therefore this would be the last census he shows in
The Obituary of Thomas R Rule Published in a Primitive Baptist publication “Macon Messenger of Peace” issue dated the 15th of December 1881
Full transcription printed on next page The above clipping is missing text
In Memory of Elder T. R. Rule Published in a Primitive Baptist publication “Macon Messenger of Peace” issue dated the 15th of December 1881 Another Veteran of the Cross Gone Home Rosita, Colo., Dec. 3rd, 1881 Thomas R. Rule was born in Bath County, Ky., Sept., 18th 1809, immigrated to Clay County, Mo., in 1827, where, in 1832, he was married to Miss Clarisa Pense, by Rev. Henry Hill. Previous to this he had obtained a hope in Christ and united with the Baptists at Liberty church. Though having evidence that he was called to preach at this time, he concealed it from his bosom friend for five weary years, when the manifestations became so plain and the burden so tiresome, he consented to serve his Lord in the capacity of a minister, which mission he faithfully fulfilled up to his death, filling his last appointment a few days before his departure. He moved from Clay, to Jackson County, where he entered considerable land, and where, his first wife having died, he married Miss Eliza Gray. In 1867 brother Rule began freighting across the Plains to Colorado and New Mexico, which occupation he followed for four years. In the meantime his second wife died, and in 1865, he was married to Mrs. Margaret Staten, by Elder Henry Hill. The same year, moving to Colorado, he began stock raising in Custer, Fremont and Elpaso counties, which occupation he successfully followed up to his death. He had thirteen children by his three wives. Seven by his first, four by the second, and two by the last, ten of whom, and his wife survived his death which took place on the 17th day of Sep., 1881 being burried the day he was seventy two years old. Three days before his death he stated that his birth day would be within three days, but he would not live to see it. He had stood on the walls of Zion forty five years, proclaiming glad tidings, never shunning to declare the whole counsel of God. He often stated to the writer during the latter part of his life that he was not long for this world, but was ready to go at the Master’s call. In fact, he said, death would be pleasant, that he lived for nothing but to prepare for the comfort of his family after his death, that his life was no satisfaction as he was most entirely deaf. He enjoyed talking as much as he ever did, but said he avoided conversation as much as possible as it was such a task for others to talk to him. His whole study seemed to be upon leaving his family in comfortable circumstances which he accomplished. He laboured to the last, though for several days previous to his death his suffering were so great he could neither eat nor sleep. He rode to his farm two miles away to see about sowing wheat the day before he died next morning at five o’clock. His death was caused by Valvulor disease of the heart hastened by the kick of a horse in the breast on the 2nd of July. He left with his devoted companion, a son and daughter by her. A more agreeable family it was never the writers happy lot to be cast with. But few have ever left more mourners and sympathising friends for his bereaved family, than he. Yet they should not mourn as for one who has not hope. Now my friends, we feel the deepest sympathy for you in your bereft condition. Your loss which you have sustained in the death of your husband and father is irreparable. We feel to weep with you in your lonely hours, for we well remember many pleasant hours spent at that house, and the many favors obtained at the hand of the departed. But alas his voice is heard no more to cheer you on your lonely way, and yet while we cannot refrain from sorrowing over the departure of our beloved brother, pastor, husband and father, we do not sorrow as for one who leaves no evidence that he has gone to dwell with Christ. My dear friends your father has gone to try the realities of another world unknown to us, but may you only be as well prepared to meet death as he was. He cannot return to you, but you may go to him. He has fallen asleep as we must all do, and Paul has told us not to be ignorant concerning them that sleep. “For as we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even as them also that sleep in Jesus will God bring with him.” Could we approach you, gladly would we drop the tear of sympathy and pour into your bleeding bosom the balm of consolation. But we cannot comfort those whom God has not comforted. Oh God! If thou art a friend to the fatherless and a husband to the widow, grant that these may friend a friend, a father and a benefactor in Thee. Yours in hope J. B. McGinty.
Shortened version of the obituary written byJ. B. McGinty
Published in the “Sign of the Times” the 3rd of December 1881
Death notice published in the Fremont County Record Cannon City, Colorado
Rule - On September 17th, at his home on Hardscrabble Creek, Mr. Thos. Rule, aged 76 years
Margaret Rule’s Death
Funeral notice for Margaret Published in the Florence Daily Citizen Wednesday February 5, 1919 Death notice for Margaret Published in the Florence Daily Citizen Tuesday February 4, 1919
Ida Rule daughter of Thomas R Rule and Margaret Barker July 4, 1867 Missouri - December 5, 1918 Florence, Colorado
Mrs. Burroughs Dead (obit to the lower right) Mrs. Ida Burroughs (wife of Ira Burroughs) died at the family home in West Florence this morning following a protracted illness with cancer. Deceased has been ailing for several months and some time ago she took special treatment from a specialist at Rocky Ford and obtained relief. She was a native of Missouri and was born July 4, 1867. Her mother, Margaret Rule, aged 86 years, resides in Florence and the family are well known in this section of the country. Ira Burroughs is the son of Hank Burroughs, one of the first settlers on the Hardscrabble. Mr. And Mrs. Burroughs have been making their home in Florence for many years where they have a large circle of friends. Mrs. Burroughs was a member of the Florence Circle No 59 Women of Woodcraft. She is survived by a husband and three sons, one of whom is in France, the other in the northwest and the third in Colorado Springs. No arrangements will be made for the funeral until messages have been received from the sons and other relatives.
To the left:The son of Ida Rule Burroughs, grandson of Thomas R Rule - Vivian Henry Burroughs born the 19th of May 1886 in Colorado, died the 9th of January 1963 in California Vivian was a first cousin of Jesse’s
Ira Burroughs’s grandfather Franklin William Bruce was the first victim of the first known American serial killers Felipe and Jose Epinosa.. They were known as the “Bloody Espinosa” and terrorized the Colorado area in the early 1860’s. On the following page is a newspaper article that was published in The Alaska Citizen on the 8th of May 1911.
Samuel Hadley Rule son of Thomas R Rule and Elizabeth Gray August 11, 1856 - April 3, 1914
Wetmore, Colorado Wetmore school - teacher Wm. Brock; home at Shell Knob, Mo. CREATED/PUBLISHED 1886. SUMMARY Interior view of a schoolroom in Wetmore, Custer County, Colorado, shows children sitting at their desks, their teacher, William Brock, in the back of the room next to the iron stove, an iron light fixture hanging from the ceiling, and the words: "Peace on Earth Good Will to Men," above the chalkboard. Identification on back reads: "Boys: 1. Albert Coleman 2. Elmer Lemaster 3. Joe Breece 4. Norman Hulbert 5. 6. Ed Turner 7. Fred Walters 8. Will Dalrymple 9. McCallister 10. Curt Vaughn 11. Lincoln Davis 12. James Heath 13. Joe Watson 14. John Kelley 15. Geo. Wright 16. Ed Watson 17. Geo. Watson 18. Ben King 19. Theo. Watson 20. Ern Hardy Girls: 1. Ethel Heath 2. Marie Bernard 3. Alice Betts 4. Ann Betts 5. McCallister 6. "Little" Mary Coleman 7. Agnes Wright 8. Dora Coleman 9. Ida Rule 10. Nellie Taylor."
James Thomas Rule & Eudora Hampton
James Thomas Rule was born on the 16th of July 1847 in Washington, Jackson, Missouri. His parents were Thomas R Rule and Clarissa Martha Pence. His siblings were John, Harriet, Henry, Gabriel, Elizabeth, Richard, Sarah and David. Unfortunately James’s mother died shortly after the birth of David in 1854. James was only seven when his mother died. His father remarried the following year to Miss Eliza Grey. This marriage produced four half siblings of James: Samuel, Dicy, Bell and Ed. Unfortunately Eliza died about a week after the 1863 birth of Ed. Its it thought that Ed also died shortly after his birth. Six months later the county of Jackson, where the family resided, was evacuated in the Order No 11 as discussed in the previous section. Thomas would return to Clay County where he in 1865 married Margaret Barker. Later that year Thomas, Margaret and several of his children moved to Colorado. James Thomas and his brother John had moved to Kansas. He is found 1870 census living in Aubry, Johnson, Kansas. Living beside him is his brother John W Rule, a widower with six children. On the 17th of December 1873 James Thomas married Eudora Hampton at the farm of his brother in law Benjamin F Jones in Aubry, Johnson, Kansas. Eudora or Dora as she was known, was the daughter of Elijah Hampton and Sally Ray (Jesse’s grandparents). She was born in Platte, Missouri and her siblings included Georgia Mary, Jesse, Martha, Joseph and Francis Ann. Francis was the wife of Benjamin Jones and they lived next to James Thomas. As well living in the same area was Dora’s father, his second wife Emily and siblings of Dora. Dora’s mother Sally died sometime between 1857 and 1860. James would be Dora’s second husband. Her first husband was John S Talley. They were married on the 25th of December of 1869 in Clay County, 1845 Marriage record of Dora’s parents Elijah Hapmton and Sally Ray Missouri with F. R. Palmer officiating. This marriage is recorded in Volume 2 of the Marriage Records of Clay County. Dora’s name given on this record is “Alliz Eudora Hampton”. Dora and John would have one child, Alice E Talley who was born in about 1870. It is not known what happened to Dora’s first husband John. Dora would bring Alice into the relationship with James. Alice is noted on the 1875 census for Aubry, Kansas along with Dora, James and their first born child Worchester.
Plat Map of Aubry Township, Johnson County, Kansas dated the mid 1870’s
1. Land of James Thomas Rule 2. Land of John W. Rule - brother of James 3. Land of Elijah F. Hampton - father of Eudora Hampton 4. Land of Benjamin F. Jones - Husband of Eudora’s sister Francis and where Thomas & Eudora were married 5. Land of John Stanford Justice - Father of Harry Milton Justice husband of James’s daughter Anna Lee Rule
Chester (as he was known) was born on the 25th of September 1874 in Johnson, Kansas just nine months after the marriage James and Dora. Jesse would be the second child born to this couple. We do not have any record of Jesse’s birth and figure it would have been between March 1st of 1875 (he does not show on that census taken on that date) and July of 1875 as his brother Thomas Jefferson Rule was born the 22nd of March 1876. Thomas was followed by David Elij born the 21st of December 1879, Anna born the 3rd of February 1882, John W born the 21st of February 1884 and Edward Gilbert born the 23rd of February 1886. Dora died in 1886, shortly after the birth of their seventh child, Edward. She was thirty seven years old. Dora is buried in the Woodland Cemetery in Johnson County, Kansas. Also buried in the there is Francis and Benjamin Jones, Dora’s sister and her husband. In 1894 James was married to Julia A Tovrea in Jackson, Missouri. James and Julia would have three children together. Iva was born in December of 1894, Ruth Marie was born on the 23rd of May 1897 and Mable Lilian was born the 10th of December 1898. Julia died on the 2nd of March 1899. She is buried in the Woodland Cemetery in Johnson, Kansas. James would continue to live for a while in Morton, Wallace after the death of his second wife. By 1915 he had moved to Sharon Springs where he, according to Beluah Rule, his grandaughter, built a large home. He would also purchase one of the first Model T Fords. James would like to sit in the evenings and read his bible. In 1920 James had moved to Laramie, Wyoming and was living with his daughter Mabel and her husband Blanchard. Also living in the household was his daughter Ruth. James’s son Jesse had married his third wife, Annie Rita Prince in 1926. Annie, in a letter written to Jenn Elder, said that they had married in Laramie traveling there to meet Jesse’s sisters and his father. She had said that she enjoyed meeting James and that he was a nice man. By 1930, 81 year old James he was living in Lamar, Prowers, Colorado with his two sons David and John who were both divorced. James died in 1934 in Colorado and is buried in the Fairmount Cemetery in Lamar, row 26.
JAMES T RULE 1847-1934 FATHER
June 29th 1860 Census for Platte, Missouri
Showing Dora, listed as 9 years old along with her father Elijah, step mother Emily and her siblings Francis, Georgia, Jesse, Martha and a 6 month old baby.
Page 27 of the June 28th 1870 Census for Aubry Township, Johnson, Kansas
Showing James Thomas Rule, 22 years old, living as a single man. Beside him is his brother John W Rule, a widower with six children
Page 28 of the 29th of June 1870 Cenus of Aubry Township, Johnson, Kansas
Showing living next to James Thomas, Dora’s sister Francis ,her husband Benjamin Jones and their family, Dora’s father Elijah with his second wife Emily and their family.
March 1, 1875 Census for Aubry, Johnson, Kansas James T Rule, Eudora Rule, Alice Tally and Worcester Rule Jesse would have been born shortly after this census was taken
1880 Census for Aubry Township, Johnson County, Kansas
showing James, Dora, Worchester, Jesse listed as 5 years of age, Thomas, David and Alice. Directly below James’s family is Benjamin and Francis Jones, sister of Dora On the next page of this census Dora’s brother Jesse is found with his family. Dora’s widowed step mother Emily with siblings of Dora’s are also listed.
March 1, 1885 Census for Johnson County, Kansas Listing James, Dora, Alice, Worchester, Jesse - is shown to be 8 years old, Thomas, David and it appears to be John. Anna would have been the child born after David but she is not noted on this census. Jesse’s mother Dora died in 1886, shortly after the birth of Edward Gilbert Rule
January 17th 1894 Jackson, Missouri Marriage License of James T Rule and Julia Tovrea
1895 Aubry Township, Johnson County, Kansas James T Rule with wife Julia with children: Worchester, Thomas, David, John, Ed and new daughter Iva born in December of 1894. Jesse is no longer living with the family.
June 26th 1900 Aubry Township, Johnson County, Kansas Census James T Rule, Widower with children with Dora: Worchester, Thomas, Anna, John, Edward and children with Julia: Iva, Ruth and Mable Also living here is a woman named Maggie who I think is Julia’s mother
Julie died on the 2nd of March 1899 just 3 months after the birth of Mable
1910 Census for Morton Wallace Kansas Showing Thomas Rule, widower living here with children with Julia: Iva, Ruth and Mable Also living in the area are the families of Worchester, Thomas, David and Jesse
1915 Census for Sharon Springs, Wallace, Kansas showing James T Rule with children Iva, Rule and Mable Also Maggie Tovera whom I believe is Julia’s mother
1920 Census for Laramie, Albany, Wyoming James Thomas (listed under Rouse) is living with his daughter Mabel, her husband Blanchard, their family and his daughter Ruth (also listed under Rouse)
1930 Census for Lamar, Prowers, Colorado James T Rule, 82 years old , widowed living with sons John and David - both divorced Also listed on Census is Dona Rule and family, son of David his wife Eva May and their children Vera and Paul
Jesse’s Brothers and Sisters Worchester (Chester) Rule September 25, 1874- April 23, 1959
Worchester was born on the 25th of September 1874, the son of James and Eudora. He was the oldest of the children. Worchester married Nellie Thompson in 1908. Nellie was the daughter of Chas E Thompson and Cora Musgrave. Worchester and Nellie would have twelve children: Lloyd born in 1908, Floyd born in 1909, Clarence born in 1910, Ira born in 1912, Goldie born in 1915, Donald born in 1917, Dorothy Leona born in 1918 (she died as an infant), Itha born in 1920, Iva born in 1922, Dorothy born in 1926 and Charley born in 1927. The family would live in Kansas until after the 1915 Census, by 1930 they are found in Colorado. Nellie died on the 8th of February 1942 in Oregon and Worchester on the 23rd of April 1956 also in Oregon. By accounts, Worchester and his family led very troubled lives. Although I have had contact with descendents of Worchester’s son Clarence they do not want the details shared.
Worchester is buried in the Rosedale Memorial Guardians Payette County, Idaho, USA Nellie is also buried here.
Thomas Jefferson Rule March 22,1876-February 25, 1955
Thomas was the son of James and Eudora. He married Bessie M Rutherford in 1902 at the age of 24. Bessie was the daughter of James and Anna Rutherford. Together they had three children: Iona M Rule in 1903, James Roy in 1905 and Thomas Dale in 1910.On the 1910 census for Morton Wallace Kansas Thomas and Bessie are found living next door to brothers Jesse, Worchester, David, Edward and his father James. Thomas and Bessie divorced between 1910 and the 1915 census where Bessie shows up alone with children Thomas Dale and Iona Rule in Sharon Springs. On the above 1918 war registration record Thomas is shown to be living in Lawrence, Kansas working for the Lawrence Paper Mill Company. His closest relative is listed as his daughter Iona who is shown to be living with him at that time. Thomas would marry a second time to Ethel Irene Corbin. She was the daughter of James William Corbin and Sarah Ellen Catron. They would have one child Orville James born on the 24th of November 1928 in Lawrence, Kansas. Thomas died the 25th of February 1955 in Lawrence and Ethel died on the 4th of July 1958 also in Lawrence.
Thomas Jefferson Rule is buried in the Oak Hill Cemetery, Lawrence, Douglas County, Kansas, USA. Plot Section 14
David Elijah Rule Feb 22, 1880 - May 21, 1950
David was the son of James and Eudora. He married Meda Agnew in 1900 at the age of twenty. Together they had five children: Dona L born in 1902, Opal born in 1905, Myrtle born in 1908, Irean born in 1909 and Ruby born in1912. They would live in Kansas and in 1920 the family is found in Prowers. Colorado. Dona would marry Eva May Swartz and together they had Jim, Vera May born in 1926, Paul Rule born in 1928 and Glenda born in 1948.
Anna Lee Rule February 3, 1882 - July 27, 1973
Anna is buried in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, Los Angeles County, California Plot: Acacia
Anna Lee was born on the 3rd of February 1882 in Johnson, Kansas. Anna wass the daughter of James Thomas and Edora. She would marry Harry Milton Justice, an auctioneer, on the 11th of October 1905. Harry was the son of a close by neighbour in Aubry Township where the Rule’s would live. Together they would have nine children: Elma A born in 1910, Mable Alberta born in 1912, Marie born in 1914, Emma born in 1915, James R “Gus” born in 1916, Russell born in 1918, Lawrence M “Zeke” born in 1920, Edward Ray born in 1921 and Eddie born in 1921. When the children were young Gus, Zeke and Ed started a bicycle repair shop where they did repairs and painted frames. With Anna’s encouragement decades later they thought up and developed the global automotive chemical and car care product company “Justice Brothers Inc.”. They boy’s fully credit Anna as being their motivation for success. As they have said “mom got them "rooted in their life long passion for all things automotive." All of this was a combination of hard work, ingenuity, family traits, and in the best traditions of America, the result of a Mother’s love and a Father’s example.”
Ed Justice son of Anna Rule and nephew of Jesse
Anna died on the 3rd of February 1973 at the age of ninety one in Arcadia, Los Angeles, California. She was predeceased by her husband who died on the 26th of May 1942.
Ed Justice Jr Grandson of Anna
Article Published on the Web Stie “Go2Geiger.com - Radioactive Drag Racing News” Phillip Gary Smith, go2geiger Columnist Saturday, 09 May 2009
"Three brothers and their passion," is how The Justice Brothers Story terms this chronicle, and it delivers in spades. Fortunately, it's available for all to see on DVD. From a background where their father, H. M. Justice, an auctioneer, like any self-employed professional today, working day-in and day-out, developing and promoting his business, the brothers inherited an entrepreneurial flame in their core. No guarantees of success, no assurances, no safety net under them, theirs was a do-it-yourself attitude -the best education possible from the university of the "Real World." But it was Anna Justice, their mother, who provided the oxygen to the flame that led to the Justice Brothers roaring success, now extending to a new generation for the family with Ed Justice Jr. leading the way. "She was really the inspiration for us to be mechanical," recalls Ed Justice Sr. Her encouragement -- as Ed said, "she made us" -- was the kindling that fed the fire leading to the youngsters running their own bicycle shop, where they did repairs and painted frames. Decades later they thought up and developed the global automotive chemicals and car care product's company, Justice Brothers Inc., consumers know today. As the DVD tells, mom got them "rooted in their life long passion for all things automotive." All of this was a combination of hard work, ingenuity, family traits, and in the best traditions of America, the result of a Mother’s love and a Father’s example. Zeke Justice recalls how the first sign advertising the Justice Brothers -- nailed to a big Maple tree in their childhood home in Paola, Kansas -- promoted the bicycles the boys built. The entrepreneurial spirit and corporate structure that would serve them well for a lifetime was already budding as Zeke built the bikes, brother Ed painted, striped, and promoted them, and Gus took care of the books. They prospered by renting and selling their bikes to townspeople. An observer can deduct from images in the movie these were not ordinary bikes. A favourite is shown with three different headlights plus a horn mounted on the makings of a sophisticated front-end setup, perhaps the world’s first hot rod bicycle. The tipping point: If one ever needs a reason, or excuse, to get a session at one’s favourite form of motorsports, take the example of the impact a visit to a midget car race in Kansas City had on the Justice sons. Immediately after viewing the event, they began researching all mechanical steps relating to building a midget race car themselves. Mom may have protested somewhat because they pasted an entire wall full of pictures trimmed from 1930 editions of Popular Mechanics magazine, tacking them directly into the wall. Nevertheless, she let them do it, with the result being that her sons woke up daily to those images, consequently stoking their imagination and dreams to the point where they realized -- "We can do that!" Sure enough, they secured plans, and lo and behold, built their first midget racecar. From that experience and process, the Justice’s knowledge of all things mechanical exploded. The lesson the viewer can take from this is that one should never miss a chance to expose their children and themselves to new experiences, ideas, and fresh thinking, for one never knows what paths they may lead. Many of the interests children exhibit in the pivotal elementary and high school years come to fruition in some form in their lives. In an example of this, Zeke would repair cars and engines for locals because of his curiosity about them, not charging a cent, all the time getting an Ivy League-equivalent degree in the real world of mechanics, an education that would serve him extremely well over a lifetime. That Anna and H.M. let their boys do these things and have these experiences, cultivating their imaginations, is a good lesson for all parents when their offspring want to explore diverse interests versus what mom and dad might prefer. Like the boys’ reputation at the time for being a little on the "wild side," a reputation earned by revving and wrecking racecars in their neighborhood. Today’s equivalent might be video gamers, who spend what might seem to be an inordinate amount of time with Internet fantasy, but then go out and create multimillion-dollar online games. This story is intended to be a history of the Justice Brothers, and it gloriously accomplishes that in an entertaining mix of interviews, photos, and discovery.
But the real payoff in this film is much more profound. This is an All-American success story recapitulated as a grass roots education for those who want emulate the Justice Brothers success in life as entrepreneurs and family men, all the while striving and thriving on a larger global stage. When you play the DVD, watch for these underlying themes: Do What You Want To Do In Life: After initially training and working in various jobs, all of which were critically important to their life’s triumphs, the brothers secured a franchise in the oil additives business, moved across the country to their first territory, and with few resources hustled to begin a meteoric rise with their distributorship. Network: These affable men made friends everywhere as you will understand when enjoying their experiences in the DVD. People they met along the way in their business dealings came back to assist them one way or another. They didn't just show up at a reception and exchange business cards, as is common in today’s networking gatherings, the brothers perfected the art of helping others get what they wanted, which ultimately helped them get what they wanted. Promote, Promote, Promote: They pasted their decals on racecars everywhere, and when they found an outstanding competitor, like drag racing’s Don Garlits, they did not sit in some random office tower somewhere waiting for Garlits to come to them and make a presentation. They used initiative, went to him, and asked how they could get involved, thus beginning a long and valuable relationship. What a concept! This is a critical lesson many fail to grasp. Risk Takers: The Justice Brothers put everything they owned in a few station wagons, a couple of trailers, pack up the families, and take off cross-country to begin anew. And they did this more than once. The DVD demonstrates how they reached for the brass ring of accomplishment in a way that encourages all to follow. Visualization: As Ed emphatically states, "The opportunity is there if you’ll just put your thinking cap on and figure out what you need to do to make it work." Reread this maxim a few times; it is the essence of entrepreneurism no matter the endeavor. Work: What an ethic they exhibited -- work all day, come home for supper, then repair customer's racecars until the middle of the night, day after day. Without complaint, "That was our routine." How To Become Driven: Ed, Sr., vigorously recalls, "We just don’t want to be one of the regular companies, we want to be the best! And to strive to be the best, that’s where the drive comes in." No Fear Of Losing: There are no guarantees of success, of course, but there are markers that improve the chances. As Zeke stated, "We had an idea, we wanted to pursue that idea, and we just went to work doing it." The one axiom of an initiative is that it will never get off the table without effort, without action, to make it happen. The Justices are so genial that their drive and mental toughness seems easy to emulate. It isn’t; the brothers had setbacks and calamities. Their example can be imitated by initiative, personal commitment, and seizing risk. Ed summarized, "Whether or not you got the gold ring or not, you always had hopes that someday I’ll grab that gold ring and they’ll talk about us." Now is that "someday" and The Justice Brothers Story DVD, featuring the lives of Zeke, Ed, and Gus, fulfills Ed’s dream of "talking about us." Enjoy the movie as a chronicle of the brother’s lives now they have all died with Ed passing in 2008. Visit the extensive web site www.justicebrothers.com for lots more, particularly in the racing museum pages. Importantly, soak up the real joy of this film -- the history of an American dream come true. No humbler understatement can be made on their remarkable achievements than Ed’s closing remark, "I think we’ve won that position . . . at least I hope we have."
Ed Justice, Sr., 87 Founded Worldwide Oil Additive Company with 2 Brothers / Racing Pioneer
Duarte, CA - Ed Justice, Sr., the last of three brothers who founded Justice Brothers, Inc. which would become a worldwide manufacturer and distributor of car care additives, lubricants and cleaners, has died. He was 87. Justice died August 30, 2008 of complications due to kidney failure in Arcadia, California, said son Ed Justice, Jr. With $2,500 profit from a racecar they built in their garage, Justice and his brothers Zeke and Gus started Justice Brothers, Inc. in Southern California. In turn, it was built into one of the world's leading brands for professional mechanics and consumers. When Justice retired 20 years ago, the company manufactured 13 products, today the product line numbers in excess of 100. Zeke concentrated on the mechanical side and the formulation of the products while Gus handled the accounting and money side. Gus retired from the business in 1974 and Zeke retired in 1980. Before the founding of Justice Brothers, Inc., Justice and his brother Zeke worked for the legendary Indianapolis racecar builder Frank Kurtis in Glendale, California. While there, they built and fabricated racecars for the biggest names in racing at that time. It was through these friendships that the oil business would later benefit. After starting Justice Brothers, they went on to win the 1950 Indy 500 sponsoring their former boss Frank Kurtis's entry. When they moved to Jacksonville, Florida, they got involved with stock car racing and helped start NASCAR in late 1947 and became one of the first sponsors. Cars they were involved with won the 1950 Southern 500 and the original Daytona Beach stock car races. Justice was inducted into the West Coast NASCAR Hall of Fame in 2008. From the youngest age, Justice had shown a great interest in all things mechanical and in particular the automobile. His first business was renting bicycles, which he and his brother Zeke had re-built, to the local towns' people in their hometown of Paola, Kansas. Justice and his brothers invented the world's first transmission stop-leak and many other innovative products in their field. "My dad and his brothers were stereotypical Midwesterners who came to California to find a better life, and they did. The big reason for their move to California was because it was the center of hot rodding and Indianapolis style racing, with most of the top car builders located there. They knew they had to be part of this", said Ed Justice, Jr. Justice was the only brother of the three to serve in the military during World War II. He was a member of the 8th Air Force, stationed in England. Justice was known as a salesman's salesman and always stated you needed a quick step and a firm handshake to get ahead. Because of this, he was known as the most visible of the three brothers. This led to Justice appearing in live broadcast television commercials in Jacksonville, Florida at the very beginnings of the medium. Justice and the company became part of the landscape across the United States and in particular a television icon in Southern California. Every commercial was ended with what was to become the well-known phrase "Tell them Ed Justice sent you". Edward R. Justice, Sr. was born June 12, 1921 in Paola, Kansas to Harry and Anna Justice. His father died at the age of 59. While living in Southern California, Justice met his first wife Maureen, herself a Nebraska transplant. The couple married in 1947. Maureen died in 1983. Justice is also survived by his son, Ed Justice, Jr.; and daughter in law, Susan; their two daughters Courtney and Caitlin. At the time of Justice's death, he was married to second wife Linda of Arcadia, California. Also surviving are Ed's two stepdaughters Candy; her husband Noe; Judy; her husband Art; and six step grandchildren. Justice who was one of six children is survived also by one sister Marie, of Monrovia, California. Services to be announced in the coming days. Courtney L. Justice| Communications Director
John William Rule February 22nd 1884 - November 20 1960
John William Rule was the son of James Thomas and Dora Rule. He was born in Johnson, Kansas in 1884. In 1910 John W Rule was living in Sharon Springs, Wallace, Kansas. His father would follow him there by 1915. By 1918 John was living in Cheyenne Colorado. In 1930 he was living in Lamar, Prowers, Colorado. On the census for this year he is listed as divorced and he is living with his brother David and their father James Thomas. Although John is listed as Divorced, no record of a marriage or children can be found at this time. Beulah Rule, daughter of Edward remembers him as having been hearing impaired, his wife deaf. She can’t remember his wife’s name and says they did not have children.
Edward Gilbert Rule February 23rd 1886 - February 16 1966
Edward was born on the 23rd of February 1886 in Johnson, Kansas. He was the son of James Thomas and Eudora Hampton. His mother Eudora died shortly after the birth of Edward. In 1910 Edward had moved to Morton, Wallace, Kansas along with his family. On the 15th of March 1911 Edward married Mae Alberta Dellinger, the step daughter of his brother Jesse. Together Edward and Mae would have five children - each described by Beulah Rule their second eldest child: Blanche Louise born the 28th of December 1911 in Sharon Springs, Kansas. Blanche is said to have had blonde hair and blue eye’s. Blanch, being the oldest child, ruled the home. She tried to be the boss of all the children and would discipline them if they got into trouble. Blanch would always remain close to her siblings throughout their lives and would always be willing to help them. Blanche married Cecil Wiltse but did not have any children. She died on the 2nd of April 2002 in Moses Grant Washington Beulah Francis born the 9th of June 1913 in Wallace County, Kansas. Beulah says that she was “slow” in her early childhood but whatever the problem was it sorted itself out. Beulah would have five husbands over the years but did not have children. Beulah lived her life out in San Francisco and has provided a great deal of information for this project. She died December 29th 2010 after a fall off of the fire escape in her apartment building. Up until her death she had been independently living, her mind sharp. Elva Dorothy was born on the 23rd of November 1915 in Wallace County, Kansas. Elva married William O’Conner and would have at least one daughter, Alva. Elva would have a second marriage to Robert Ethridge. Elva and Robert would pass away, Elva on November 3rd 1960 and Robert just one day earlier. They were living in Ukiah, Mendiocino, California at the time of their deaths. Earnest A was born on the 24th of May 1918 in Wallace County, Kansas. Ernie was known to have been a popular fella who had lots of friends. Beulah did not see too much of Ernie as teenagers but would become close again after his marriage. Earnest married Bonnie and had a daughter Michelle. He is currently living in Alaska. Edward and Mae’s last child, a daughter named Dolores was born in about 1928. Dolores lived in Spokan Washington and would have three boys. She was know to have been a wonderful person who never lied. In 1939, when Dolores was only one and a half years old Mae left Edward and the children, taking Dolores with her. Concerned with the care the child was receiving, Beulah had hitch hiked to San Francisco where Mae had taken her and returned the child to her father.
Edward never recovered from the break up of his marriage. He was broken hearted and Beluah remembers her father crying many times over his loss. Edward would continue to raise his children alone and he never remarried. Edward passed away in 1966 in Spokan Washington and is buried in the Evergreen Cemetery there. Mae did keep in touch with Edward and the children. Edward was dyslexic which was something he struggled with all his life. He could not read or write and relied on manual work to support his family. Beulah said her father was a very smart man and very moral. He would stand by his children no matter what. He worked in orchards during his life and the children would work there as well. Edward died on the 16th of February 1966 in Spokane City, Washington and is buried in the Evergreen Cemetery there. Edward never remarried. After their divorce Mae would change her last name to McKenzie. She had never remarried and died on the 9th of November 1982 in Moses Lake, Grant, Washington. She is buried in the Pioneer Memorial Gardens there.
Mae in 1952 with her brother Charley
To the left - an article written by Rosy May Agnew Stewart “I Remember”. Rosy was the niece of Meda Agnew who married David Elijah Rule.
Abt 1922 The family of Edward and Mae Rule Back row from left - Edward, James Thomas (Edward and Jesse’s father) Mae Dellinger Rule Center row from left - Elva, Blanch and Beulah In front - Ernie
1930 US Federal Census for Selah Central, Yakima, Washington Listing Edward with his wife May, children: Blanche, Beulah, Elva, Earnest and Dolores
Iva Rule December 1894-March 9, 1969
Iva was born in December of 1894 in Olathe, Johnson, Kansas. She was the daughter of James Thomas and Julia Tovrea. She married Iris Alven Bowen on the 11th of April 1917. Keith W Bowen was born in about 1923. In 1930 the family was living in Sharon Springs, Wallace, Kansas. Little is known at present about this family. Iva died on the 9th of June 1969.
Ruth Marie Rule May 27, 1897 - December 2, 1989 Ruth Marie was born on the 27th of May 1897 in Stillwell, Johnson, Kansas. She was the daughter of James Thomas and Julia Tovrea. On the 26th of March 1921 she married Louis Peterson Miller in Laramie, Wyoming, USA. Their son Emery Leroy Miller was born on the 29th of December 1921. Emery would marry Kathryn Mary Burns on the 1st of August 1945. Louis would pass away at the age of forty nine in 1936. It is not known if Ruth remarried. She passed away on the 2nd of December 1989 in Laramie, Wyoming.
Mabel Lillian Rule December 10, 1898 - July 18, 1993
Mabel was born on the 10th of December 1898 in Kansas. She was the daughter of James Thomas and Julia Tovrea. On the 26th of October 1916, seventeen year old Mabel married Blanchard Manley Rouse in Jackson County, Missouri. The couple would settle in Laramie, Wyoming where their daughter Julia was born in 1918 and their son James Leland was born in 1919. Mable is buried in the Olinger Highland Cemetery in Thorton, Adams County, Colorado. Buried beside Mable is her daughter Julia A Vickers. She was married to Arthur Vickers and lived in Laramie, Wyoming as well. Buried above Mable and Julia is James.
1916 Marriage license of Mable Rule and Blanchard Rouse