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MetroNet 5000™

Ethernet & IP Test Set

Section I: The Basics

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Chapter 1
1. General Information
Helpful Website
The following website contains general information which may be of interest to you:
http://www.trilithic.com
Trilithic’s website contains product specifications and information, tips, release information,
marketing information, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), bulletins and other technical
information. You can also check this website for product updates.

Where to Get Technical Support


Trilithic technical support is available Monday through Friday from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM EST.
Callers in North America can dial 317-895-3600 or 800-344-2412 (toll free). International callers
should dial 317-895-3600 or fax questions to 317-895-3613. You can also e-mail technical
support at techsupport@trilithic.com.
For quicker support response when calling or sending e-mail, please provide the following
information:
• Your name and your company name.
• The technical point of contact (name, phone number, e-mail).
• Product name, model number, and serial number.
• A detailed description of the problem you are having, including any error or information
messages.

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How this Manual is Organized
This manual is divided into the following chapters:
• Section I: The Basics provides Trilithic contact information and describes how this
Operation Manual is structured. This section also describes the hardware and
software components and GUI interface of the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP
Test Sets and discusses the initial setup to perform before using the device.
• Section II: Setup & Tools discusses the initial setup to perform before using the
device. This section also discusses how to use the general measurement tools and the file
manager feature.
• Section III: High Speed Network Testing describes how to perform various tests
with the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets. It is a step-by- step guide to
making typical measurements and using other measurement features.
• Section IV: Appendix provides a glossary of technical terms the technical specifications
of the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets.

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Conventions Used in this Manual
This manual has several standard conventions for presenting information.
• Connections, menus, menu options, and user-entered text and commands appear in bold.
• Section names, web and e-mail addresses appear in italics.

A WARNING alerts you to any condition that could cause


personal injury.

A CAUTION alerts you to any condition that could cause a


mechanical failure or potential loss of data.

A NOTE is information that will be of assistance to you related


to the current step or procedure.

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Safety Summary
The following general safety precautions must be observed during all phases of operation with
this device. Failure to comply with these precautions or with specific warnings elsewhere in this
manual violates safety standards of design, manufacture, and intended use of the device. Trilithic,
Inc. assumes no liability for any MetroNet 5000 user’s failure to comply with these requirements.

General Legal Information


This product is a Safety Class 1 device (provided with a protective earth terminal). The
protective features of this product may be impaired if it is used in a manner not specified in
these operation instructions.
All Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) used in this product are Class 1 LEDs as per IEC 60825-1.

Environmental Considerations
This device is intended for indoor use in an installation category II, pollution degree 2
environments. It is designed to operate at a maximum relative humidity of 95% and at altitudes
of up to 2000 meters. See the specifications tables for the AC voltage requirements and
ambient operating temperature range.

Before Applying Power


Verify that the product is set to match the available line voltage, and all safety precautions are
acknowledged and appropriate safety measures are undertaken. Note the device’s external
markings described under Safety Symbols.

Ground the Device


When charging or running your MetroNet 5000 directly through AC power, the device must be
connected to AC power through a grounded power cable, with the ground wire firmly
connected to an electrical ground (safety ground) at the power outlet.

Do Not Operate in an Explosive Atmosphere


Do not operate this device in the presence of flammable gases or fumes.

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Do Not Remove the Device Cover
Operating personnel must not remove device covers. Component replacement (excluding
battery) and internal adjustments must be made only by qualified service personnel.
Devices that appear damaged or defective should be made inoperative and secured against
unintended operation until they can be repaired by qualified Trilithic, Inc. service personnel.

Laser Safety Information


The hazardous laser radiation laser safety warning symbol (shown to the left) and
label for the USA is fixed on the connector panel of the MetroNet 5000 series of
Ethernet & IP Test Sets according to CFR 1040.10 Class II.

Under no circumstances should you look into the end of an


optical cable attached to the optical output when the device is
operating. Laser radiation can seriously damage your eyesight.

Do not enable laser connections when there is no fiber attached


to the optical output connector because this device will emit
invisible laser radiation if the unit is powered on.

The use of optical instruments with this product will increase


eye hazard.

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Chapter 2
2. Introduction
Getting Started
The ideal way to implement a series of high-speed network IP traffic tests is to use a reliable high-
speed tester with both transmitting and receiving ports. Connections are made from the sending
ports of the tester to the receiving ports of the device being tested, i.e., the device under test
(DUT) and from the sending ports of the DUT back to the tester.
Since the tester sends both the test traffic and receives it back after the traffic has been forwarded
from the DUT, the tester can easily determine whether all of the transmitted packets were
received. It also can verify that the correct packets were received.
Getting Started introduces the features of MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets. This
section provides a short description of the device, your safety requirements and related
information, a presentation of the device’s network and test connections, interactive user-
navigational keypads, graphical color touch-sensitive screen, stylus, touch buttons, and an
explanation of how to use its graphical user interface for basic configurations and various tests.

All Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) used in this product are Class
1 LEDs per IEC 60825.

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Equipment Supplied with the MetroNet 5000
The MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets come securely packaged in its shipping
carton along with the items listed below. Please contact Trilithic or your Sales Representative
immediately if you find that anything is missing or damaged.
• MetroNet 5000 Ethernet & IP Test Set
• Carrying Bag with Strap
• Two (2) Touch Screen Stylus
• One six foot RJ45 Ethernet Cable
• AC to DC Power Adapter with Power Cord
• Li-Ion Battery
• Operation manual on CD

Available MetroNet 5000 Models


The following models of the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets are available:
MetroNet 5020
P/N 2011434000 - Test Set with two 1 GbE (SFP) optical transceiver ports and two 1 GbE
electrical (copper) Ethernet ports
MetroNet 5100
P/N 2011435000 - Test Set with one 10 GbE (XFP) optical transceiver port
MetroNet 5120
P/N 2011431000 - Test Set with one 10 GbE (XFP) optical transceiver port, two 1 GbE
(SFP) optical transceiver ports, and two 1 GbE electrical (copper) Ethernet ports.
MetroNet 5200
P/N 2011432000 - Test Set with two 10 GbE (XFP) optical transceiver ports

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Available MetroNet 5000 Software Options
The following software options are available for the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test
Sets:
Packet Capture & Analysis
P/N 0930168000 - Captures all frames and packets at 10 GbE and 1 GbE wire speeds
and allows for decode and analysis of frame and packet header and payload content.
VoIP Testing
P/N 0930169000 - Includes MOS scoring and R-Factor measurements. This option
operates only on 1 GbE ports. Not available for the MetroNet 5100 or 5200 models.
10 GbE WAN PHY Mode
P/N 0930170000 - Supports SONET and SDH clocking of 9.953 Gbps. Includes alarms
and error injection functions. For OC192C testing on 10 GbE ports. Not available for the
MetroNet 5020 model.

Accessory & Replacement Parts


The following accessory and replacement parts for the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test
Sets are available:
5000-RJ45
P/N 2072192001 - Replacement Cat5e Cable (6 foot, RJ45, 100 ohm)
5000-LC/SM
P/N 2072191002 - Single-Mode Optical Patch Cable (6 foot, LC to LC, full duplex)
5000-LC/MM
P/N 2072191001 - Multi-Mode Optical Patch Cable (6 foot, LC to LC, full duplex)
5000-BATT
P/N 0090059000 - Replacement Li-Ion Battery
5000-PWR
P/N 0610188000 - Replacement AC to DC Power Adapter with Power Cord
5000-BAG
P/N 2131479000 - Replacement Carrying Bag with Strap

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Available Optical Transceiver Options
The following optical transceivers are available for the MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test
Sets:
SFP 100 FX
P/N 2072185001 - 1310 nm SFP multimode transceiver. For 100 Mbps operation on
1 GbE optical port. LC connector and 2 km reach.
SFP 100 LX
P/N 2072185002 - 1310 nm SFP single-mode transceiver. For 100 Mbps operation on
1 GbE optical port. LC connector and 30 km reach.
SFP 1000 SX
P/N 2072185003 - 850 nm SFP multimode transceiver. For 1 GbE LAN port. LC
connector and 550 m reach.
SFP 1000 LX
P/N 2072185004 - 1310 nm SFP single-mode transceiver. For 1 GbE LAN port. LC
connector and 10 km reach.
SFP 1000 ZX
P/N 2072185005 - 1550 nm SFP single-mode transceiver. For 1 GbE LAN port. LC
connector and 80 km reach.
XFP 10G LR/LW
P/N 2072186001 - 1310 nm SFP multimode transceiver. For either LAN or WAN
operation on 10 GbE optical port. Supports auto-sensing of 10G LAN or WAN PHY
clocking. LC connector and 10 km reach.
XFP 10G ER/EW
P/N 2072186002 - 1550 nm SFP single-mode transceiver. Supports auto-sensing of 10G
LAN or WAN PHY clocking. LC connector and 40 km reach.
XFP 10G ZR/ZW
P/N 2072186003 - 1550 nm SFP single-mode transceiver. Supports auto-sensing of 10G
LAN or WAN PHY clocking. LC connector and 80 km reach.

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Supported Features
The MetroNet 5000 series of Ethernet & IP Test Sets support the following features:
Multi-Physical Ports
10 GbE Optical (MetroNet 5100, 5120, and 5200)
Optical Ethernet - 10 GbE (XFP) port for LAN/WAN PHY
1 GbE Optical/Electrical (MetroNet 5020 and 5120)
Optical Ethernet - 1 GbE (SFP) port for SX/LX/ZX and 100FX/LX
Electrical (Copper) Ethernet - 10/100/1000 BASE-T
Multi-Stream Traffic Generation & Analysis
Layer 1/2/3/4 packets
Fully customized packets
Up to 32 multi-streams
Statistical Measurements
Utilization (Bandwidth, Line Rate, FPS)
VLAN
Flow Control Frames and Packets
Uni/Multi/Broadcasts
Under 64 Byte Frame (Runt)
Jumbo Frame
Filtering Measurements
Round-Trip Delay
Packet Arrival Interval (PAI)
Packet Latency
Packet Jitter
Checksum Error
Duplication Error

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Dual Port Monitoring
Error Injection in Monitor (TAP) Mode
Media Converter Functionality Between Optical and Copper Physical Ports
IP Connectivity Testing
ARP, Ping, Traceroute, DHCP, and DNS
Built-In Packet Capture and Analysis Functions
All packets
Filtered packets
Event-triggered packets
Loopback Testing
Layer 1
Layer 2 (MAC)
Layer 3 (IP)
Layer 4 (TCP/UDP) including auto-loopback
Packet Flooding
MAC
IP
ICMP
VLAN
User Defined
IPTV (MetroNet 5020 and 5120)
VoIP (MetroNet 5020 and 5120)
Network Discovery
Wireless LAN (Optional)

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RFC2544
Throughput
Latency & Packet Jitter
Frame Loss
Back to Back
L1/Unframed BERT
Software Updates and Upgrades via FTP or USB
PC-Aware File Manager
Saves test results to the built-in storage, USB flash, or hard drive.
Copies and Deletes
Includes test results, log files, screen capture files, and configuration files
Uploads your test results via FTP or USB

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Chapter 3
3. Getting to Know Your Device
Now that you have your MetroNet 5000 out of its box, take a few moments to look it over and
become familiar with its features and controls.

Overview
1 2 3
Front View
1. RJ45 Port - Local
Network Connection.
2. USB Port - Used to
transfer files via USB
Flash or Hard Drive or
connect a Wireless LAN
adapter for 802.11 a/b/g
analysis. 4
3. Status LEDs - Used to
indicate the battery and
fault status.
4. LCD Touchscreen -
Used to display
measurements and to
control the device.
5. DC Power Port - Used
to connect the AC to DC
Power Adapter/Charger.
6. Stylus Storage - 5
Location in the back
side of the device
housing used to store
the stylus. 6 7 8

7. Keypad - Buttons used to perform specific operations as detailed in the Keypad section
later in this chapter.
8. Stylus - Used to select items on the LCD Touchscreen.

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Right Side View
MetroNet 5020
P/N 2011434000 - Test Set with two 1 GbE (SFP) optical transceiver ports and two 1 GbE
electrical (copper) Ethernet ports

MetroNet 5100
P/N 2011435000 - Test Set with one 10 GbE (XFP) optical transceiver port

MetroNet 5120
P/N 2011431000 - Test Set with one 10 GbE (XFP) optical transceiver port, two 1 GbE
(SFP) optical transceiver ports, and two 1 GbE electrical (copper) Ethernet ports

MetroNet 5200
P/N 2011432000 - Test Set with two 10 GbE (XFP) optical transceiver ports

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Top View
1. Charging Status LED - Used to 1 2 3 4
indicate the charging status of the
battery, displays a solid green light
when charging. The LED is off when
the battery is fully charged.
2. Battery Status LED - Used to
indicate the status of the battery,
displays a solid green light when
running on battery power only (not
plugged in to AC power). Also,
displays low battery (solid red light)
Protective Bumper Removed for
and battery charging fault (solid orange light). Illustration Purposes Only

2. USB Port - This is a Type-A host USB port and is used for connection to a USB Flash
Drive or USB Hard Drive.
3. RJ45 Local Network Connection Port - Local Network Connection for management
purposes.

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SFP/XFP Ports & Connections
Perform the following steps to properly insert and remove the optical transceiver modules:

DO NOT install the transceiver modules upside down, damage


to the device may occur. Transceiver modules should always be
inserted with the interface connection facing the rear of the
device and the label facing the front of the device.

1. Remove the protective plugs from the SFP/XFP module(s) and the protective caps
from the connectors on the fiber-optic cable, save them for future use.
2. Insert the optical transceiver into the corresponding port on the MetroNet 5000. Be sure
to insert the optical transceiver with the label facing the front of the device.
3. Clean the fiber-optic connectors on your fiber-optic cables.
4. Plug the appropriate fiber-optic cable into the connector on the SFP/XFP modules.

Transceiver Orientation Transceiver Installed Connected Fiber Cable

4. To remove the optical transceiver, first disconnect the fiber-optic cable and then use the
bail (SFP) or built-in grips (XFP) to pull the optical transceiver out of the port on the
MetroNet 5000.

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Battery Charging Precautions

NEVER loosen or remove the MetroNet 5000 battery while the


device is powered ON.

Do not disassemble the battery under any circumstances. The


battery and or the device can explode, leak, or catch fire if
heated or exposed to fire or high temperatures.

Be certain that no metal object such as a coin or paper clip


touch the battery terminals.

The lithium-ion battery is a consumable part and is not subject


to the factory warranty.

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Battery Charging
The MetroNet 5000 lithium-ion (Li-Ion) battery pack is installed at the factory but is shipped in a
discharged state. The MetroNet 5000 battery pack is charged using the supplied AC to DC
Power Adapter/Charger with a supply voltage from 100 to 240 VAC ± 10%, at a frequency in the
range from 50 to 60 Hz ± 5%. The maximum power consumption is 30 to 80 mA.
Before using the device for the first time, charge the battery pack by performing the following
steps:
1. Connect the AC line cord of the included AC to DC Power
Adapter/Charger to an AC power source.
2. Connect the DC line cord of the included AC to DC Power
Adapter/Charger to the DC Power Port (shown in the image
to the right) of the MetroNet 5000.
3. Allow the battery to charge for a minimum of four hours to
completely charge the batteries before first use.
Protective Bumper Removed for
Illustration Purposes Only

The lithium-ion battery will automatically stop charging when it


is fully charged.

LED Status Indicators

Battery Status LED


The MetroNet 5000 Battery Status LED will illuminate with a solid green light both when
the device is charging and when the unit is running on battery power only.

Fault Status LED


The MetroNet 5000 Fault Status LED will be illuminated if either of the following
conditions exist.
Red - Indicates a battery fault or the battery is low. If this indicator is shown connect the
device to the included AC to DC Power Adapter/Charger.
Orange - Indicates a battery charging fault. If this indicator is shown immediately turn off
the device power and call Trilithic for service.

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On-Screen Battery Indicators
The battery charge status is indicated by the battery charge icon at the top of any display
screen.
When fully charged, disconnect the AC to DC Power Adapter/Charger to run the MetroNet
5000 directly from its battery pack for up to 4 hours (typically). The device will run for up to 5
hours in stand-by mode (i.e., stand-by mode means that the device is turned ON with no other
activity).

When Fully Charged five (5) green bars appear in the battery charge icon.

When the device is connected to AC power using the included AC to DC Power


Adapter/Charger, a power plug will appear in the battery charge icon.

When two (2) green bars are displayed in the battery charge icon, a low battery
warning dialog will appear and you will have only 20 to 30 minutes of battery power
remaining.
When only one (1) green bar is displayed, you will have only 10 minutes of battery
power remaining.

If a red X is displayed in the battery charge icon, this indicates that the battery is no longer
functional. You can still use the MetroNet 5000, but you must plug it into AC power. If this
indicator is shown, call Trilithic for service.

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Stylus & Touch Screeen
Your test set is supplied with a stylus that is the primary means
for operator interaction with the touch screen. The stylus is
used for navigating menu structures, buttons, text entry fields,
tabs, and initiating data transfer actions from the MetroNet
5000 to remote storage locations.
Navigating with a touch screen is different from navigating with
a mouse. Hold the stylus pen as though you were writing with a
standard pen. Instead of sliding the pen around the screen,
just select what you want to interact with. Sliding the pen
while lightly touching the tip to the screen will move the on-
screen pointer around as though you were using a mouse and
holding down the left mouse button.
When the stylus is not in use, it can be stored in the built-in
stylus holder located on the back of the device in the lower left
corner as shown in the image to the right.
Protective Bumper Removed for
Illustration Purposes Only

Remember that the touchscreen is very sensitive to touch.


Resting your hand on the screen while using the pen might
make the stylus pointer react unpredictably.

Do not lose the stylus. Always return it to its holder in the case
after you complete your work. If you lose the stylus supplied
with the MetroNet 5000, your only recourse would be to use
your fingers – which is acceptable. In some, but not all cases,
you can also use the Navigation/Control Pad buttons to perform
your testing task navigations.

Do not use a pin, needle, or any other type of sharp object to


touch your MetroNet 5000 screen. This will damage your
MetroNet 5000 screen.

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Keypad
The MetroNet 5000 has two keyboard input methods as shown in the following sections.

Physical Keypad
The physical keypad is located on front panel of the device.
1. Power Button - Used to
turn the device on and 1 2 3 4
off.
2. Home Button - Used to
return to the Home
Screen.
3. Backspace Button -
Used to move the cursor
position back (left).
4. Function Button - Not
Used.
5. Directional Pad - Used
to hightlight screen icons
and navigate through lists
and text fields.
5 6 7 8
6. Alphanumeric Keypad
- Includes 12 keys
numbered 1 through 0 plus SHIFT and PERIOD. These buttons can be used to enter
numbers or letters.
7. Run/Stop Button - Used to start and stop measurements and tests.
8. Enter Button - Used to select highlighted icons.

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Virtual On-Screen Keyboard
The virtual on-screen keyboard appears when certain text entry fields are selected with the
stylus. Simply select inside the text entry field to activate the virutal on-screen keyboard. Use
the stylus to select each character and then select the OK button to transfer the text string to
the original text entry field.
The MetroNet 5000 front panel keypad shares the same functions with several of the virtual on-
screen keyboard buttons as follows:

• Use the or button to move


your cursor back one space and erase.
• Press left or right on the directional pad or
select the or button
to move the cursor backward or forward one
space.
• Press up or down on the directional pad or
select the button to the right of the text
entry field to view and insert your previously
typed text strings.

• Select the Shift or button to alternate


between uppercase and lowercase letters.

• Select the button to erase all of


your previously typed text strings.

• Select the button to erase the


contents of the text entry field.

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Display Screen
Use the stylus to select the desired icons on the screen. Selecting an icon will display the
corresponding test or menu.

Title Bar
The Home Screen is displayed upon system startup as shown in the following image. The title
bar is located at the top of each screen and is used to display the following information:
Name - The name of the
currently selected test or menu
will be displayed in the upper
left corner of the screen.
Keypad Shift - Used to
indicate that the shift button on
the Physical Keypad has been
selected.
Screen Capture - Used to
perform a screen capture of
the screen that is currently
being displayed.
Battery Charge - Used to
indicate the battery charge
level and whether the
MetroNet 5000 is currently
charging.
Home - Used to return to the
Home Screen from any test or
measurement screen.
Date - Used to indicate the
current date in Month, Day
format.
Time - Used to indicate the
current time in Hours, Minutes,
Seconds format.

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Test & Measurement Screen Icons
A typical test and measurement screen appears as shown in the following image. The test and
measurement icons are located below the title bar and are used to display the following
information:
Test Running - This icon will be
displayed when a test is currently
running.
Test Stopped - This icon will be
displayed when a test is not currently
running.
Error Detected - This icon will be
displayed if an error is being
detected (solid) and if an error has
been already detected (flashing).
Signal Status - Used to indicate if
the signal status is good (green) or
none (red).
Link Status - Used to indicate if the
link status of Rx/Tx is connected
(green) or Rx/Tx is not connected
(red).
Tx/Rx Activity - Used to indicate if
the Tx/Rx activity is active (green) or
inactive (gray).
Line Rate - Used to indicate the following line rates:
• 10 Mbit/s - Half Duplex (HD)
• 100 Mbits/s - Full Duplex (FD) or Half Duplex (HD)
• 1 GigE - Full Duplex (FD)
• 10 GigE - Full Duplex (FD)

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Taking Screen Captures
The screen capture function of the MetroNet 5000 takes snapshots of your live display including;
configurations, measurements, or any other static or dynamic display.

When taking screen captures, the MetroNet 5000 saves the files
in the PNG file format.

Perform the following steps to use the screen capture function:


1. On any screen, select the Screen
Capture icon from the Title Bar
2. The Screen Capture dialog box will appear.
3. From the Screen Capture message box;
change the file name as desired or use the
default file name.
4. Select the OK button. A momentary pause of
the live display will occur while the screen image
is being saved to the internal memory.
5. To view the screen capture, use the File
Manager as described in Section II: Setup &
Tools, Chapter 3: File Manager.

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Remote Control Mode
When the MetroNet 5000 is connected to a network using the RJ45 local network port, you can
remotely control the device using a VNC viewer application.
The MetroNet 5000 uses Virtual Network Computing (VNC) graphical desktop sharing to allow
remote control from a Windows based PC. The remote control mode includes the ability to
transmit keyboard and mouse events from the PC to the MetroNet 5000 over a network, while
relaying graphical screen updates back to the PC.
The VNC graphical desktop sharing includes the following components:
• VNC Server - The MetroNet 5000 has a built-in VNC server. This server allows a user to
view the display screen and control the device from a remote PC that is running a VNC
viewer application.
• VNC Viewer - This is a Windows based software package that views, controls, and
interacts with a VNC server. The VNC viewer software is located on the Software CD that
is included with the MetroNet 5000.

Before using the remote control mode, you must first configure
the local network connection as shown in Chapter 4: System
Settings, Local Network Configuration.

To use the remote control mode, perform the following steps:


1. Install the VNC viewer software on the Windows based PC that you wish to control the
MetroNet 5000 from.
2. Connect the MetroNet 5000 to a network using the RJ-45 local network port.
3. Start the VNC viewer software and enter the IP address of the MetroNet 5000 in the
“server” field.
4. Select the OK button, the display screen of the MetroNet 5000 will be displayed after a
short delay.
5. Use the mouse and keyboard of the PC to control the functions of the MetroNet 5000.
6. To exit the remote control mode at any time, simply exit the VNC viewer software.

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