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Osicek CHAPTER 18: Renewing Sectional Struggle—1848-1854 Introduction Key Terms: • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo • Wilmot Proviso 0. What territories did the Americans gain from Mexico when the fighting stopped with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo? Why did Northerners and Southerners disagree about the Wilmot Proviso?
The Popular Sovereignty Panacea Key Terms: • Southern “fire-eaters” • “Popular Sovereignty” 1. Why was popular sovereignty appealing on the issue of slavery in the territories? How did popular sovereignty “serve to spread the blight of slavery”?
Political Triumphs for General Taylor Key Terms: • homespun • Free-Soilers • Homestead 2. Why was the Free-Soilers party founded and what was the party’s platform? Why did FreeSoilers condemn slavery?
a.S. “The Great Nullifier” • Daniel Webster 5. “The South! The South! God knows what will become of her!” when he was the one on his death bed? Deadlock and Danger on Capital Hill Key Terms: .” “passengers. Who profited most from the California Gold Rush? Why might the Gold Rush attract “lawless men. Why would the admission of California as a free state upset Southerners? Explain the terms “stations. “The Great Compromiser” • Senator Stephen A.? Why did Calhoun mourn for the South and say. How did the Compromise of 1850 hold the U.” and “conductors” for the Underground Railroad.a. together? How did the Compromise of 1850 lead to the disunion of the U. Douglas • Fugitive Slave Law • Senator John C.S. accompanied or followed by virtueless women?” Why did Californians draft a constitution and apply for statehood in 1849? 2 Sectional Balance and the Underground Railroad Key Terms: • Mason-Dixon Line • 42° Parallel • Underground Railroad • Harriet Tubman 4.k.” “stationmasters.“Californy Gold” Key Terms: • Golden State • Miner • Vigilante Justice 3. Calhoun a. Why did Harriet Tubman earn the biblical name “Moses”? Twilight of the Senatorial Giants Key Terms: • secession • Old Guard/”immortal trio” • Henry Clay a.k.
Seward 6. How did President Taylor’s death in 1850 help preserve the Union for a few more years? Balancing the Compromise Scales Key Terms: • Compromise of 1850 • “sacred balance” • “Bloodhound Bill” • Abolitionists • William Lloyd Garrison • Secessionists • Unionists 8. What does the nickname. refer to? Breaking the Congressional Logjam Key Terms: • Conciliation • “Union savers” 7. How did the North benefit/what did they gain from the Compromise of 1850? How the South benefit did/what did they gain from the Compromise of 1850? What did each side lose? Why is the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 considered the “man-stealing law” or “the Bloodhound Bill”? How did the Fugitive Slave Law push many Northerners towards anti-slavery beliefs? Defeat and Doom for the Whigs Key Terms: • Franklin Pierce • Winfield Scott • Sectionalism .3 • Antislaveryite William H. “Higher Law” Seward.
expansion in Central America and Cuba in the 1850s? The Allure of Asia Key Terms: • Caleb Cushing • Treaty of Wanghia • President Millard Fillmore • Commodore Matthew C.4 9.? Pacific Railroad Promoters and the Gadsen Purchase Key Terms: • transcontinental railroad • Secretary of War Jefferson Davis • James Gadsen 12.S. and New Granada (later Columbia) agree to in 1848 and why might this treaty be significant to American history? Why did southerners seek U.S.S. Perry • Treaty of Kanagawa 11. What relationship did the U. Expansionist Stirrings South of the Border Key Terms: • Manifest Destiny • Isthmus • Clayton-Bulwer Treaty (1850) • Slavocrats • William Walker • Annexation • Ostend Manifesto 10. Perry initiate between Japan and the U. • Whig Party Discuss in detail why the Election of 1852 was one of significance. have with China in the 1850s? What relationship did Commodore Matthew C. What was the Gadsen Purchase? How did the need for a transcontinental railroad to reach Oregon territory and California further fuel the slavery issue (Hint: Nebraska/Free-Soilers) .S. What agreement did the U.
what are the snakes? Congress Legislates a Civil War Key Terms: • Kansas-Nebraska Act • Republican Party • Know-Nothings 14. How might the Kansas-Nebraska Act be considered a catalyst towards disunion/Civil War? What was the platform of the first Republican Party? And how did southerners feel about the new political party? . with no snakes in it.’” Where is the bed. Why did Senator Douglas suggest that the proposed Territory of Nebraska be split into two territories.5 Douglas’s Kansas-Nebraska Scheme Key Terms: • Kansas-Nebraska Bill • 36°30’ Line • Missouri Compromise of 1820 13. “The North wanted to give to pioneers in the West ‘a clean bed. Kansas and Nebraska? How would the status (slave or free state) be decided in Nebraska and Kansas? How did the Kansas-Nebraska “scheme” contradict the Missouri Compromise of 1820? Abraham Lincoln said.