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These extension rods can be inserted inside the thimble and the sleeve. The extension rods have a collar-head which helps the rod to be held firmly. (Fig 2) The measuring faces of the stock and the rods are hardened, tempered and ground. The measuring face of the stock is perfectly machined flat. The extension rods may be removed and replaced according to the size of depth to be measured.
CHECKING THE ZERO SETTING FRAME HELD FIRM ON FLAT MACHINED SURFACE
5 0 10
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Extract from Theory Book for Exercise 17 of Practical Book-Pages 105-109 Fitter 1st Year Related Theory for Exercise 17
At the end of this lesson you shall be able to • name the parts of a depth micrometer • state the constructional features of a depth micrometer • read depth micrometer measurements Constructional features The depth micrometer consists of a stock on which a graduated sleeve is fitted.
UNSCREW AND REMOVE CAP
The other end of the sleeve is threaded with a 0.5 mm pitch `V' thread. A thimble which is internally threaded to the same pitch and form, mates with the threaded sleeve and slides over it. The other end of the thimble has an external step machined and threaded to accommodate a thimble cap. (Fig 1)
Graduation and least count On the sleeve a datum line is marked for a length of 25 mm. This is divided into 25 equal parts and graduated,each line representing one millimetre, Each fifth line is drawn a little longer and numbered. Each line representing 1 mm is further subdivided into two equal parts. Hence each sub-division represents 0.5 mm. (Fig 3)
THIMBLE SCREWED UNTIL ANVIL TOUCHES SURFACE
A set of extension rods is generally supplied. On each of them the range of sizes that can be measured with that rod, is engraved as 0-25, 25-50, 50-75, 75-100, 100-125 and 125-150.
The zero graduation of the sleeve is on the top and the 25 mm graduation near the stock. the depth of grooves and recesses the heights of shoulders or projections. Fig 4 READING ZERO 40 45 10 0 5 45 5 25 20 15 10 ACTUAL READING HIDDEN BY THIMBLE 15 10 5 SCALE READING 25 20 SPINDLE EXTENDS BEYOND BASE SPINDLE FLUSH WITH BOTTOM OF BASE DIAL TEST INDICATORS At the end of this lesson you shall be able to • state the principle of a dial test indicator • identify the parts of a dial indicator • state the important features of a dial test indicator • state the functions of a dial test indicator • identify the different types of stands. The bevel edge of the thimble is also graduated. 40. to that marked on an outside micrometer. 35. 25. The circumference is equally divided into 50 equal parts and every 5th division line is drawn a little longer and numbered. this is the accuracy of this instrument. This direct reading of the deviations gives an accurate picture of the conditions of the parts being tested. and so.01 mm. A dial test indicator magnifies small variations in sizes by means of a pointer on a graduated dial. Uses of depth micrometer Depth micrometers are special micrometers used to measure the depth of holes. 30.5 mm. The numbering is in the reverse direction and increases from 0.The graduations are numbered in the reverse direction.10. used for comparing and determining the variation in the sizes of a component. the advancement of the extension rod for one division movement of the thimble will be equal to 0.45 and 50 (0). This will be the smallest measurement that can be taken with this instrument. (Fig 1) These instruments cannot Fig 1 give the direct reading of the sizes like micrometers and vernier calipers. Therefore. 5. Principle of working The magnification of the small movement of the plunger or stylus is converted into a rotary motion of the pointer on a circular scale. (Fig 4) The advancement of the extension rod for one full turn of the thimble is one pitch which is 0. Dial test indicators are instruments of high prescision.5 / 50 = 0. (Fig 2) Types Two types of dial test indicators are in use according to the method of magnification.15.They are plunger type (Fig 3) lever type. (Fig 4) STEM DIAL TEST INDICATOR MAGNETIC BASE COMPONENT SURFACE PLATE 9 10 106 .
(Fig 2) 107 .Fig 2 GEAR WHEEL MEASURING SPINDLE WITH RACK PINION BEARING REST GEAR WITH COIL SPRING TO ELIMINATE BACKLASH HOUSING(CASE) DOUBLE LEVER WITH TENSION SPRING TO EFFECT EQUAL MEASURING PRESSURE THROUGHOUT CLAMPING STEM GUIDEPIN TO SECURE AGAINST TWISTING MEASURING SPINDLE BALL POINT FEELER (FEELER POINT) Fig 3 3 The Plunger Type dial test indicator The external parts and features of a dial test indicator are as shown in figure 3. 1 2 0 90 10 9 80 1 2 10 9 8 7 4 5 6 20 5 30 40 50 70 60 3 4 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 pointer rotatable bezel bezel clamp back lug transparent dial cover stem plunger anvil Revolution counter PLUNGER TYPE For converting the linear motion of the plunger. a rack and pinion mechanism is used.
D2 D1 CONSTANT DIAMETER FIGURES WHICH WOULD APPEAR TO BE ROUND IF MEASURED ACROSS DIAMETERS 108 . eg. and can be used in places where the plunger type dial test indicator application is difficult. This can be conveniently mounted on a surface gauge stand. (Fig 5) Fig 5 POINTER LEVER PIVOT STYLUS RETURN SPRING SCROLL MECHANISM OF THE LEVER TYPE DIAL TEST INDICATOR It has a stylus with a ball. To check plane surfaces for parallelism and flatness.type contact. To check parallelism of shafts and bars. enabling it to be set readily to zero.slip gauges. Fig 7 CLAMP STYLUS STYLUS MOVEMENT LEVER TYPE DIAL TEST INDICATOR The lever type dial test indicator (Fig 4) In the case of this type of dial test indicators. Uses (Figure 7 shows few applications) 0 90 10 80 20 70 60 50 40 30 To compare the dimensions of a workpiece against a known standard.Fig 4 HOLDER ROTATABLE BEZEL AND DIAL Many dial test indicators read plus in clockwise direction from zero. (Fig 6) CHECKING FOR PARALLELISM 0 90 10 DIAL TEST INDICATOR 20 30 40 80 1 2 10 9 8 7 4 5 6 70 3 Fig 6 WORKPIECE WITH RECESS INACCESSIBLE TO PLUNGER TYPE DIAL TEST INDICATOR 60 50 MANDREL DIAL STYLUS MUST BE AT 90° TO WORK FACE (B) TESTING BUSH FOR CONCENTRICITY SPINDLE OF SURFACE GAUGE D3 Important features of dial test indicators An important feature of the dial test indicator is that the scale can be rotated by a ring bezel. BODY To check concentricity of holes and shafts. and minus in the anti-clockwise direction so as to give plus and minus indications. the magnification of the movement is obtained by the mechanism of the lever and scroll. operating in the horizontal plane.
) Fig 7 Indicator stands Dial test indicators are used in conjunction with stands for holding them so that the stand itself may be placed on a datum surface of machine tools. The different types of stands are (Fig 8) magnetic stand with universal clamp magnetic stand with flexible post general purpose holder with cast iron base.Fig 7 (Contd. NOTE The arrows indicate the provisions in the clamps for insertion of the dial test indicator. Fig 8 FOR FIXING THE DIAL TEST INDICATOR MAGNETIC STAND UNIVERSAL CLAMP MAGNETIC STAND WITH FLEXIBLE POST GENERAL PURPOSE HOLDER WITH CAST IRON BASE 109 .
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