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It is a nationwide plan to provide good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages of more than 500 persons in the rural areas (250 persons in the hilly and desert areas). c. It is a 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme. 2. Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY): a. launched on 2005 for providing access to electricity to all households in the country in five years b. Under the programme, 90% grant is provided by Govt. of India and 10% as loan by Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) to the State Governments. c. Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) is the nodal agency for the programme. d. The scheme aims at electrification of over 1 lakh un-electrified villages and providing electricity connections to 2.34 crore rural households. The estimated cost of the scheme is approximately Rs. 51,000 crore. e. All the BPL families are eligible for free connections under the scheme. 3. Indira Awaas Yojana(IAY): a. Launched during 1985-86 as a sub-scheme of Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP) and continued as a sub-scheme of Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) since its launching from April, 1989. b. It has been delinked from the JRY and has been made an independent scheme with effect from January 1, 1996. c. The objective of IAY is primarily to provide grant for construction of houses to members of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes, freed bonded labourers and also to non-SC/ST rural people living below poverty line. d. Funding is shared between the Centre & State in the ratio of 75:25. 4. Bharat Nirman: a. launched in 2005 for building rural infrastructure. b. Phase I of the programme was implemented in the period 2005-06 to 2008-09. Phase II is being implemented from 2009-10 to 2011-12. c. Bharat Nirman comprises of six components: 1. Water Supply--Cover approximately 55 thousand uncovered habitations and provide safe drinking water to approximately 2.16 lakh villages affected by poor water quality 2. Housing--Provide additional 1.2 crore houses at the rate of 24 lakh houses each year to be built by funds allocated to the homeless through Panchayats 3. Telecommunication and Information Technology --Increase rural teledensity to 40% and provide broadband connectivity and Bharat Nirman Seva Kendras to all 2.5 lakh Panchayats 4. Roads--Provide road connections to remaining 23,000 villages approximately with population of 1000 or 500 in case of hilly or tribal areas 5. Electrification--Provide electricity to remaining 40,000 villages approximately and connections to about 1.75 crore poor households 6. Irrigation--6.5 million hectares brought under assured irrigation till 2009. Remaining 3.5 lakh hectares to be completed by 2012 d. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), Rajiv Gandhi Vidyutikaran Yojana(RGVY) & Indira Awas Yojana (IWY) come under Bharat Nirman. 5. Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana(PMAGY):
c. 9. The main objective of the programme will be to provide universal access to education for all children by 2015 and universal retention by 2020. ASHA must primarily be a woman resident of the village – married/ widowed/ divorced. 2006 in 200 districts. The scheme provides a legal guarantee for one hundred days of employment in every financial year to adult members of any rural household willing to do public work-related unskilled manual work at the statutory minimum wage of Rs. National Rural Health Mission (NRHM): a. launched in 2001. One of the key components of the National Rural Health Mission is to provide every village in the country with a trained female community health activist – ‘ASHA’ or Accredited Social Health Activist for every village with a population of 1000. e. 85:15 sharing arrangement during the Ninth Plan. d. The scheme started from February 2. She will also work as DOTS provider under tuberculosis programme c. with special focus on 18 States. Launched in 2005. Announced in 2007 and it is proposed to implement during 11th Five Year plan. preferably in the age group of 25 to 45 years. There are about 44. b. b.a. The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan has created a need for strengthening secondary education infrastructure across the country. It is a flagship programme of the Government of India pioneered by Atal Bihari Vajpayee for achievement of universalization of elementary education to children in the 6-14 age group by 2010. safe delivery and care of the young child. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan(RMSA): a. 8. each having more than 50% SC population. Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA): a. Around one-third of the stipulated work force must be women. ASHA will take steps to create awareness in woman on birth preparedness. and 50:50 sharing thereafter between the Central Government and the State Government except for 8 NE states. The NRHM covers the entire country. c. b. Sarva Siksha Abhiyan(SSA): a.000 villages in which the population of scheduled castes is above 50 per cent. It has been renamed as Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act on 2nd October. In Jan 2009 CCEA (Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs) approved the implementation . was expanded to cover another 130 districts in 2007-2008 and eventually covered all 593 districts in India in 2008. Act was came in 2005 and scheme launched in 2006 b. To cover children in secondary school (8th to 12th standard). c. 7. 2009.100 per c. b. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act(NREGA): a. 10.000 villages. 75:25 sharing arrangement during the Tenth Plan. If the pilot scheme is successful the scheme will be expanded to remaining villages. education cess are credited into a Prarambhik Shiksha Kosh (PSK) and are utilised exclusively for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and Mid-Day Meal (MDM) d. It is a new scheme launched in the Union Budget 2009-10 by the Union Government on a pilot basis for integrated development 0f 1. b. 6.
Centre. Launched as an integrated programme for self-employment of the rural poor with effect from 1 April 1999. 12.d. There are over 22 lakh Women’s Self Help Groups linked with banks. launched on 2005 b. Urban Infrastructure and Governance (UIG) (Sub-mission I) 2. d. 1.2 crore BPL families ( a unit of five) are expected to be covered and all the estimated 6 crore BPL families are proposed to be covered in the next four years. Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY): a. In Union Budget 2009-10. Launched in 1997. f. 2009-10.000 crore total amount will go upto to Rs. They may take up the activity either individually or in Groups. 1. c. A Self. b.Help Group (SHG) may generally consist of 10-20 persons. Rajiv Awas Yojana: a. It is a new health insurance scheme for the Below Poverty Line (BPL) families in the unorganized sector. Rs. c. d. Assistance is given to BPL family in rural areas for taking up self employment. National Steering Group chaired by urban development minister e. 11. e.20. 50. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission(JNNUM): a. The Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) restructured as National Rural Livelihood Mission to make it universal in application. focused in approach and time bound for poverty eradication by 2014-15. launched in 2007. Basic Services to the Urban Poor Urban (BSUP) (Sub-mission II) 15. Rajiv Awas Yojana comes under JNNURM on the lines of Indira Awas Yojana for rural poor. 14.50. It comprises two Sub-Missions: 1. 13.000 crores over the seven year period. Reach of SHGs to be widened to enrol at least 50 per cent of all rural women in India as members of SHGs over the next five years. It is proposed that All BPL families to be covered under this scheme. . State. b.000 crore and municipalities – 25. d. called the Self-Help Groups. It is a new scheme announced in the Union Budget 2009-10 for making slum-free India in five years. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY): a. By the end of the year. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY): a. c. objective is to provide insurance cover to BPL households from major health shocks that involve hospitalization.000 crore. for development of 63 identified cities. b.Rs. Swarna Jayanthi Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY) shall sheek to provide gainful employment to the Urban unemployed or underemployed poor through encouraging the setting up of self-employment ventures or provision of wage employment. In the Union Budget 2009-10. e.25.120 crore has been allocated for the Scheme during the 11th Five Year Plan. b. It is financed on 75:25 cost-sharing basis between the Centre and the states g.
National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS) a. of India during 200708 to incentives states to draw up plans for their agriculture sector. ii)The Urban Wage Employment Programme (UWEP) 16. 20. defined as those living below the urban poverty line. of food grains per month are to be provided 'free of cost' to the Beneficiary. 21.in case normal deaths. The programme was launched with effect from 15th August 1985 and under this programme three sub-schemes are under implementation. The National Old Age Pension Scheme has been renamed as Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOPS) and formally launched on 19th November. Under this scheme. i)The Urban Self-Employment Programme (USEP) g. 1000/. c. 19. in the death of primary breadwinner. old person above 65 Years. National Old Age pension (NOAP): a. Annapurna Scheme a. The Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana shall consist of two special schemes. d. 2007. launched on1st April. Two new schemes have been introduced in the Interim Budget 2009-10: a. 17. The RKVY aims at achieving 4% annual growth in the agriculture sector during the XI Plan period. funding pattern of Centre and State in 75:25 basis e. d. The programme shall target the urban poor. Annapurna Scheme 18. Widows in the age group of 18-40 years to be given priority in admission to ITIs. National Social Assistance Programme: a. The central contribution of pension under the Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS) is Rs. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana: a. 'Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme' to provide pension of Rs. Under the Annapurna Scheme. by ensuring a holistic development of Agriculture and Allied Sectors. 2000. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana was launched by Govt. The age of the applicant ( male or female) should be 65 years or above. namelyf. 200/to Rs. 1. 10 Kg. the head of household is untitled to get the benefit of Rs. Physically Handicapped persons and Leprosy destitute (Irrespective of Age) who comes under Below Poverty line. National Old Age Pension(NOAP) 2. b. as defined from time to time. From 2002-03. e. 200/.10000/. They are. National Family Benefit Scheme (NEBS) 3. b.per month per beneficiary and the State Governments may contribute over and above to this amount. Women ITIs and National/Regional . At present old age beneficiaries are getting anywhere between Rs. 'Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme' to provide pension for severely disabled persons. it has been transferred to State Plan along with the National Social Assistance Programme comprising the National Old Age Pension Scheme and the National Family Benefit Scheme.200 to widows between age groups of 40-64 years and b. for providing food security to those Senior Citizens who though eligible have remained uncovered under the National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS).depending on the State Contribution. c. b.c.
b. 24. The programme is self-targeting in nature with special emphasis on women. widows and families headed by widows. However. Food grains are provided free of cost to the States/UTs.2000 b. It is a component of IRDP.per Kg for wheat and Rs. c. Fund is shared between the Centre and the States in the ratio of 75:25. e. 3/. d. Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) a.500 per month.1999. d. Aam Admi Bima Yojna (AABY): a. 1999. exclusive AAY cards are also issued to the Senior Citizens who have no regular means of subsistence or societal support. 26. Government to bear cost of their training and provide stipend of Rs.04. objective of providing additional wage employment and food security. Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana a. 25th December. 25. scheduled tribes. 50% will be contributed by the central Govt. and the rest 50% will be contributed by the state Government 23. scheduled castes. Under the expanded Antyodaya Anna Yojna. c. food grains 25 Kg per family per month @ Rs. Antyodaya Anna yojana a. The payment of food grains is made directly to FCI at economic cost by the Centre.per Kg for rice. launched in 2nd October 2007. aims to providing basic technical and entrepreneurial skills to the rural poor in the age group of 18 to 35 years to enable them to take up income generating activities. alongside creation of durable community assets in rural areas. State Governments are responsible for the cost of transportation of food grains from FCI godown to work-site/PDS shops and its distribution.2/. Training of Rural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM) a. It is an Insurance Scheme which covers the death and permanent disability for the benefit of rural landless households between the age group of 18 to 59 years. from April. Scheme is merged with another Scheme named swarnjayanti gram swarozgar yojana (SGSY) since 01. Assistance is provided in the form of subsidy and bank credit.ITIs for women. terminally ill and physically handicapped even if they are not in possession of any APL or BPL card. launched on 25 September. The scheme had been merged into Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) with IRDP. Janani Suraksha Yojana . b. This quantity has been enhanced from 25 kg to 35 kg from 1 April 2002. launched in 1978 and extended throughout India by 1980 b. e. Implemented through the LIC of India and inter alias. 27. It is a self-employment program intended to raise the income-generation capacity of target groups among the poor in rural areas. BPL families in Rural Area and urban area c. Minimum wages are paid to the workers through a mix of minimum five kg of food grains and at least 25 per cent of wages in cash. 2001 by merging the on-going schemes of EAS and the JGSY b. initiated in July 1979. DWCRA etc. 22. The scheme provides for insurance of head of the family or an earning member of the family of rural landless household. c. d.
29. 50 per cent of the beneficiaries had to be from the SC and ST communities and 40 per cent had necessarily to be women. launched on 8 September 2009 b. Increasing production of rice and pulses through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in the identified districts of the state. d. Saakshar Bharat a. Aiming to make the Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna more effective and boost the rural economy. started on 2 October 1993. NATIONAL MATERNITY BENEFIT SCHEME (NMBS) a. It aims to recast India's National Literacy Mission to focus on literacy of women. b.a. which falls under the overall umbrella of National Rural Health Mission covers all pregnant women belonging to households below the poverty line. 30. including 60 million women. Creation of employment opportunities 4.e. 33. Mahila Samridhi Yojna a. 28. Centrally sponsored scheme c. 4 or its multiplier National Food Security Mission (NFSM) a. to provide self-employment in the rural areas by bringing each household below the poverty line under the net of self-help group (SHG). b. National Livelihood Mission a. the rural women of 18 years of above age can open their saving account in the rural post office of their own area with a minimum Rs. Under this plan. Started in 2009-10 b. 3. Enhancing farm level economy i. Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana(RGGVY) a. The government will strengthen the SHGs at all levels by setting up the Rural Self Employment Training Institute in each district across the country e. c. above 19 years of age and up to two live births. JSY. 1. farm profits to restore confidence amongst the farmers. Restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level. 32. 2005 . launched in 2003 b. 31. 500 per pregnancy to women belonging to poor households for pre-natal and post-natal maternity care upto first two live births. the government has decided to restructure the scheme under a new name National Livelihood Mission. Lunched in 2007. which is expected to increase the literate population by 70 million adults. Objectives of this scheme. 2. centrally sponsored scheme aimed at reducing maternal and infant mortality rates and increasing institutional deliveries in below poverty line (BPL) families c. provision for the payment of Rs.
Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme a. Ninety per cent capital subsidy is provided for overall cost of the 34. c. The Technology Mission on drinking water and related water management was launched in 1986. The NDWM was renamed Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water mission (RGNDWM) in 1991.b. b. Launched on 2nd October 1975 b. to improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years . Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission a. objective of providing access to electricity to all households and improving rural electricity infrastructure c. projects under the scheme d. The main aim of the scheme is to provide drinking water to the non covered/ partially covered habitations 35. The scheme covers the entire country. 50% Central and 50% State. It was also called the National Drinking Water Mission (NDWM) and was one of the five Societal Missions launched by the Government of India. Rural electricity corporation (REC) is the nodal agency for the implementation of RGGVY.