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Water Resource Plan Tiffany Nicole Cooper University of Phoenix SCI275
Darryl Frazier May 16, 2010
Water Resource Plan
The water resource problem in the video is overfishing. Overfishing is a problem that occurs when fishermen catch fish at a rate faster than they can reproduce. I think overfishing originated when fishermen began using bigger and better fishing nets and techniques. Better fishing equipment resulted in overfishing, which is a major water resource problem. Depletion of the fish population is a problem that could be managed. Even though, it is difficult for the depleted stocks to return to sustainable levels, and other species dependent on the depleted stocks may become imbalanced, causing further problems, it is possible to recover (MarineBio.org, 1998-2008). A management and sustainment plan I think would benefit both sides of the issue when it comes to overfishing is to educated people on the issue of overfishing, put a limit on the amount of fish fishermen can catch in a certain amount of time, restrict some areas of the ocean against fishing, and set rules that fishermen must follow when fishing. Overfishing is a major issue all over the world, not just in a few locations; therefore the first step in my sustainment plan would be to educate everyone about the depletion of fish due to overfishing. I would do this in the first month timeline. The next step in my plan, which would probably be in the first to third month, would be to put a
restriction on certain areas of the ocean where fish could reproduce and have time to grow. This area would give fish time to reproduce without fishermen taking them out of the ocean. The third step in my plan would be to limit the amount of fish fishermen could catch in a certain area and in a certain amount of time. These limitations would be set in during the first to third month, or the same time as when we limit the fishermen’s amount of catching. Next, I would set rules that would stop fishermen from catching and discarding too many fish. This would take place in the first to third month also. Bycatch, fish and other species that are discarded by fishermen, is a major problem caused by overfishing (Overfishing-A Global Disaster, 2007). Bycatch is the unwanted marine species caught while fishing for another species. Bycatch is another problem, besides declining fish stock, which results from fishermen’s techniques for catching a fish. It seems as though the way the world is set up, everything depends on something else to live. Fish in the ocean are no exceptions. With the depletion of one type of fish, may cause another type of fish to die out as well because of the upset in the food chain. Everything seems to live where it is for a reason and for generation has thrived and evolved into what they need to survive where they are. Any fishery, near-shore or high-seas, needs to be managed according to some basic ground rules:
Save catch limits A constantly reassessed, scientifically determined, limit on the total number of fish caught and landed by a fishery. Politics and short time economical incentives should have no role in this. Controls on bycatch The use of techniques or management rules to prevent the unintentional killing and disposal of fish, crustaceans and other oceanic life not part of the target catch or landed. Protection of pristine and important habitats The key parts in ecosystems need full protection from destructive fisheries; e.g. the spawning and nursing grounds of fish, delicate sea floor, unique unexplored habitats, and corals. Monitoring and Enforcement A monitoring system to make sure fishermen do not land more than they are allowed to, do not fish in closed areas and cheat as less as possible. Strong monetary enforcement is needed to make it uneconomic to cheat (Koster, 2007). This would affect my community in a few ways like; it would not have the larger amounts of fish available. The fishermen would only be able to catch during a specific season, like crab fishing. So it would only be available during certain times of the year. Issues that relate to jobs, resources and lifestyles would include; the layoff of many fishermen that know nothing other than fishing. It has been done by many generations, and usually a man that becomes a fisherman, has a father who was a fisherman. When it comes to resources, it used to be thought that there was a never ending food supply in the ocean, but recently that has become a myth. The ocean does not provide a never ending food supply for us.
It is our jobs as humans to find a way to keep eating from the oceans and not be the end to any one species in the ocean. As for lifestyles, many people in this world love to eat different ocean wildlife. IT has become a required taste that is also an expensive one! People will have to change the amount of fish they eat.
1. (2010). OPPAPERS.com. Retrieved from http://www.oppapers.com/essays/Overfishing/154034?topic 2. Koster, P. (2007). Overfishing- A global disaster. Retrieved from http://overfishing.org/pages/what_can_I_do_to_help.php?w=pages 3. (n.d.). Grinning Planet. Retrieved from http://www.grinningplanet.com/2005/06-07/overfishing-article.htm