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Assignment: Jesus or Muhammad Paper Tiffany Nicole Cooper University of Phoenix HUM/130 July 22, 2010 Kristofer Atkinson
ASSIGNMENT: JESUS OR MUHAMMAD PAPER
Assignment: Jesus or Muhammad Paper
To begin with, I decided to talk about the life and teachings of Christianity. I am going to trace the life of Jesus Christ and I and going to show what an impact the death of Jesus Christ had on his religion. I am also going to trace the growth and development of Christianity from the time of its origin to the present. The last thing I will do is discuss how Jesus is worshipped and respected in the world today. The life of Jesus is traced directly to the religion of Christianity. It also has to do with the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. After that, his life was not really documented much until after his death, it is hard to talk about the exactness of his birth. His life began on the day we call “Christmas”. His mother, Mary, was said to have been a virgin, and his conception was of miraculous conception. She was married to Joseph, a carpenter, from Bethlehem. No stories are really told of Jesus until he turned 12. Then according to the gospel Luke, Jesus and his parents traveled to Jerusalem for their yearly trip for the Passover. Somehow he and his parents got accidentally separated, where he is said to have been found in the Temple talking about the Torah with a rabbi. His parents found that he had an amazing understanding of the Torah and his answers astounded them. His life though-out his young manhood are not documented until he went to “John the Baptist” to be baptized, around the age 30. After his baptism, he is said to have gone through a forty-day fasting in the wilderness. The first people to have recognized Jesus as the Messiah were people in John’s gospel. These people became to be known as his first disciples. First there was Simon (called Peter), Andrew (Peter’s brother), James, and John (James’s brother).They had to leave all their possessions and human contacts behind to follow him, and learn his teachings.
As he traveled around, teaching these disciples, he is said to have preformed many miraculous acts such as turning water into wine, restoring the dead to life, healing the sick, and healing the sick. Along the way, he is said to have ate with people of all class, and even welcomed women as his disciples. Some his first disciples even had their wives as disciples of Jesus. He is also said to have extended the Jewish laws. Along with his teachings, and radical living style, he preached of the all forgiving God to those who would repent for their sins. His stories were presented as parables. He believed that his sole purpose in life was to teach the world of good news of the kingdom of God. He taught people how to rightfully pray. As Jesus traveled through Galilee, he had many people gathering around him to be healed. This brought the attention of Herod Antipas, who had already killed John the Baptist, and he thought Jesus to be a ”suspicious character” that could bring an uprising against the Romans. Jesus then moved out of Herod’s jurisdiction, and continued on with his teachings. Because Jesus’ teachings did not go over so well with the people in power, he knew it would be dangerous to travel to Jerusalem, but he did for the Passover. He entered the town humbly, and felt that his end was near. He was sold out by one of his disciples, Judas, for the amount of 30 silver pieces. With his arrest, his questioning leads to the assumption of blasphemy by Joseph Caiaphas, and then sent to Pontius Pilate, the governor of Roman, for sentencing. He found Jesus to be somewhat guilty, and preferred to let Jesus off with a flogging, but the crowds demanded his death on the justification that he was a challenger of the earthly king, Caesar. Pilate had to hand him over to his military guards for execution. The impact that his death had on this religion was a great one. This could have been the end for the whole religion of Christianity. His followers were so terrified that they ran and hid thinking that death would also be their fate. But when some women who had been his followers
went to prepare his body, they found an empty tomb and were told by “angels” that he had been resurrected. There were also numerous reports that Jesus had appeared to various disciples. He had them touch his wounds and eat fish with him in order to prove to them of his resurrection. It was the resurrection of Christ that turned the defeat into a victory. This made more and more people put their complete faith into this new religion made official in 380 CE. Christianity then seemed to organize and define itself. From Christianity’s origin to the present, there have been many key historical events and figures that have made it what it is today. For example; in 50-60 CE St. Paul organized the early Christians. Between 70 and 95 CE the gospels were finally written down. A few hundred years later, it is documented in 379-395 CE that Christianity became the state religion under the rule of Emperor Theodosius. In 1054 CE, there was a split between Eastern and Western Orthodox church. This is the first split off in Christianity, and there are a few more to come. Between 1095- and 1300 CE, there were the crusades. The crusades are a religious war that happened not only in the 11th century, but also in the 12th and the 13th century as well. The second separation for the church happened in 1534 when the Church of England separated from the Church of Rome. Eleven years later (1545-1563), the Council of Trent, reformed the Roman Catholic. In 1703 the founder of the Methodist Church, John Wesley was born. He died in the year 1791, but his life had produced another branch of the Christian religion. In 1945 the discovery of the Nag Hammadi manuscripts were found. “This library found in Egypt, presented Jesus as a great Gnostic teacher. Gnosticism means the mystical perception of knowledge,” according to Fisher, 2005. In 1948, the World Council of Churches was formed. By this time there were so many different types of Christianity all around the world and with more popping up in America, this council helped maintain the religions. They had been closed during the twentieth century by the
Soviet government. All church property was proclaimed to be property of the state and closed. In the early 1920s, the revolution began, and many priests, nuns, and Christians were killed. In 1988, the Churches were re-opened in the Russian Federation. In 1989, the Soviet President, Mikhail Gorbachev, proclaimed that the right of the Soviet faithful should be allowed to satisfy their “spiritual” needs. This was the end of over seven decades of the suppression of religion. The most recent thing that has happened with this religion was in 2002, when the Boston’s Roman Catholic Bishop resigned due to the growing scandal of sexual abuse in the church, by priest. Today, Jesus is worshipped, and respected in many ways by all different types of people. The Christian religion may have over 21,000 denominations of it, but they all believe in the common factor; Jesus Christ, and the words he left behind with his disciples. Jesus Christ is worshipped today as the bringer of the heavenly father’s (God’s) word. There are not places of worship for only Jesus Christ, but there are many idols, figures, and pictures that people can have in their home to help remind them of the day he is said to return to Earth and he will first take the dead and the believers of God. This is all said in the final book in the bible; the book of Revelations. Mary is also a greatly worshipped woman because of conceiving a miraculous boy that she named Jesus, meaning “God saves”. There are however many places of worship for God in every denomination of Christianity. They all try to live by the moral codes of the Ten Commandments, and are waiting for the day that the Revelations foresaw as the day they all get to go to heaven. In conclusion, there are many things that have molded Christianity into the way it is today. Starting over 2000 years ago with the miraculous conception, birth, life, death, and resurrection of a man named Jesus Christ. He was killed, but he had already known he would die
early. He is said to have died for all man’s sins, and as long as a person repents and lives by the certain ethics, they will be granted with open gates to the Kingdom of God, also known as the Kingdom of Heaven.