Jorge Louis Borges - Το βιβλίο των φανταστικών πλασμάτων

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1983

T£'tAO<; 7tPW'tO'tU7tOt) El libro de los seres MEt~cppota1j rrcrros BEH1::

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S.A. Buenos

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1978

© rl~ tijv 'EM.1jVlXij rAwaaot
LIBRO O.E. TIot'tp. IwotXEtlL 8 A8HNA 10674, 'tTJA.72 47 116

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'0 xoexe Aov{<; Mnoexe<; yevvrjOrl',e u"CoMnovevo; '~iee<; "Co1899 xa{ unov(jaue mrjv Evewn1J. Eiva: eva<; an' "Cov<; peyaAvUeOV<; uvyyeacpe~ nj<; Enoxfj<; ua;. .11Juooteoae nOAAe<; uVAAoye<;, notrjpa"Ca, (joxCf1ta xa{ ptxee<; iotooie«. To 1961 0 Mnoexe<; xee(jwe pa'{ pe "Co EdpoveA Mnexe» "CotueOve<; Beaf3eio Ex(jo"Cwv. To '1(jevpa 'lvyxeap MletA "Covanevelpe, "Co1966, TO l"Crjuw f3eaf3eio nj<; cptAOAoy{a<;,ytd "Crjv(d~atee"Ctxrj "CovaVflf3oArj u"CrjAoyouxv{a)). To 1970 Ttprj01Jxe pe TOVddo TOV Llox"Coea "Cwv reappdTWV - Ttp1JTtxo<;"Cf"CAO<; an' Ul Ilavexiormua "C1j<; KOAOVp1lta xai Tij<; 'O;cpoeon<;. To 1971 xeebwe ro nepnro btere<; f3eaf3eto rij<; 'IeeovaaArjp xa{ ro 1973 ro f3eaf3ew :4A9JOVUO peYle<;. O! «Taqu;» rov anoxdAwav ((ro peyaAVTeeO 'wna uvyyeacpea arrjv lunavlxrj YAwUUa)), EVW ~ «Nuni Ftoex XeeaAvr TeCf1nwvv)) rov lxetve 01<;((rrjv avafl9Jwf3rjr1Jra AaflneoUe1J u1Jfleelvrj neva rij<; Notuu; :4peelXij<;)). Eivtu. if(!W1JV
7

Ott:vOVV7:1~ij~ 'EOVlXij~Btf3AW01"TJ~ r ~eyevnvij~. 'H newrTJ {"ooaTJ avrov toii f3tf3A.iov, ov neeteixe 82 n aeOea, {ytve oto Me~lXo ro 1957. Elxe rote rov drAo
Manual de Zoologia Fantastica ('ElX,ELPLOLO <I>ClV'tClcr'tLJCii~ZWOAoy(Cl~). To 1967 flui oevreeTJ {"ooaTJ fli drAO Ellibro de los seres imaginarios (To ~L~A(O 'tWV cI>ClV'tClcr'tlXWV "Ovrcov) 0TJfl0atevOTJ"e oto Mnovevo; ';t!ieec:;,li 34 neoaOera neOea. To 1969 ~"AOrpOeTJae f ani aYYAlXd, fli oweOwfliva ae"erd an' rd aext"d aeeea "a{ fli r1v neoa01"TJ fleelXWV ~oflTJ. 'H teseotala avr1 {"ooaTJ, nov r1v emflEA10TJ"E 0 Noeflav Totuu; vtt T!;wf3dvt ai ooveqyaoia fli rov ro X. A. Mnoexe~, neetixet 120 lie0ea.

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')!at T1 aTjf.laata TOVaVf.lnavTOe;, dAAa vnaexet ')!an UT1v 0ewnov xai a' aUTOOrpdAeWt (Jove; tosunx; xai neeto8ove;. "Eva f3tf3Uo aUTov TOVel'8ove; dvanorpev')!w nAijeee;. KaOe f.ld}.ovTt')!ee; d8ta')!ona. 9 e')!8oaete;, nov f.lnoeovv {)tv elvat

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MIXP"rlVE~, :EE1t't€{l~PWt;

1967

J.

L. B.

M. G.

10

n eOAOY0?; arryv {>tooa" to» 1957
'Eva f-lt'Xeo natM »ainote nTjya{Vet aTo Cwolloyt'Xo 'Xijno yta neWTTj (jJOea. To natM Oa f-lnoeovae va 'wv 0 onowa8rjnoTe ano f-lar; fj, yta va TO noiuu: alllltwr;, if-let""r; oi [OWt f-lnoeef va vnrje~af-le xanote aVTO TO natf>{ 'Xa{ nvea TO 'XOVf-le~exaaet. E' aVTOUr;TOUr; 'Xrjnovr;, a' avTOUr; TOUr; rpof3t:eour;'Xrjnovr;, TO natM f3Unt:t Cwvmva Cwa,nou nOTi neiv OEvt:lxt: aV"Ct'Xeuat:t O f-lan TOv,f3lliT ne« iayovaeovr;, yunt:r;, f3iaovt:r; 'Xa{ - 'Xan nou dvat a'Xof-lT]nto m:e{t:eyo - 'Xaf-lTjAonae8alletr;. Fui n~WTTj rpoea aV"Ct'XeuCt:t rjV E'XnIlTj'Xn'Xrjnot'Xt/l{a TOV CWl'XOV T f3aatlldov 'Xa{ TO anollaf-lf3avt:t, EvW Oa unoooiiae va navt'Xof3IlTjOeffj va Te0f-la~et. Tooo nollu TO xa{et:Wt, wa"Ce neoinatoc a' eva Cwolloyt'Xo 'Xijno va eivat lua an' T{r; xaeir; Tijr; nat8t'Xijr; ~llt'X{ar;, fj va Beoioeitcu anOieA.ef f-lta retou: xaea. nwr; f-lnoeovf-lt: va E~Tjyrjaovf-lt:TO"aOTjf-leetVO oao 'Xa{ f-lvmTjetw8t:r; aVTO yeyovoc; Bif3ata, f-lnoeovf-lt: va f-lrjv TO naea8eXTOVf-lt:.Mnoeov-

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OTtra nau5ta, nov ul oeovoov pi ro COet a' eva CwoAoyt"O "'ljno, pi rov sauoo, ()a ytvovv veuooitoai sa 1 aA7]()eta elvat, OTt elva: bva"OAO va vnaeXet eva natM nov va P7]VeXet tuiec ai CwoAoymo xipto, onwr; elvru bVa"OAOva vnaeXet sa eva wetpo ar:ouo, nov va P7]Veiva: vevooruxo, ea pnoeovae va AeX()e{ OTtra natbta e~ oewpov elvo: e~eeevv1]rir; "t OTt1dvo"aAVlp1]r'ljr;"ap7]Aar; Mv eivoi, avr7] "a()avr:7], ]ltO neeteey1] an' r7]v ava"aAVlp1] evo; "a()eirpr1] if rov veooii if uuu; a"aAar;. ea flJloeovae, ~op1], va AeX()e{ OTtro natO{ eXet EpmmoaVv'fj otoo« yovei"r;rov, nov ro suive a' eva pieor; yeparo Cwa. '£"ror; an' avra, ro natXVtb~t rov, 1 dyer;, sa ol eixove; pi dyeetr; m7]v ey"v"AOnatbeta, ro exovv "ara "anow reono pa()et nd»; va naear'fjeei"pta dyer; pi oaoxa "at oma, xwetr; va reopaCet. '0 IlAarwv (av tov e/!xape neoa"aUaet va naeet pieor; a' avr7] r7]avC7]rr;ar;))a par; eAeye, nd»; ro natM eXet if( o'fj oovavtriae« r7]v dyer; ar:ov neW'l'aeXt"O xoouo rwv aexiTvnwv "at rwea nov r7] j3Unet, r7]v avayvwetCet. '0 EonEvxaoVEe Oa par; eAeyE ("an a"opr; ]ltO xatanAr;"rmo), OTtro natM naearr;eei"dr; dyeEtr; arpoj3a,erp' oaov ;teEt aVVEtOr;ra,OTtavro ro tow elVat ot'dyeetr; xc e, "", OTt ot ttyoeu; etvtu e EavrOr;rou 'fj, yta va ytVOVpe suo, otupeic, orl "at 7:0 row sa ol dyeElr; ob eivac r{nora zteotoooteoo, naoa poerpir; njr; povaom* e"c{v1]r;ovatar;, r'ljr;BOVAr;a1]r;. ':4r; neeaaoVpe rwea an' 7:0 CWOAOYl"O "'ljno r:'ljr; neayparl"orr;rar; mo CwoAoymo "'ljno r'ljr;pV()oAoytar;, arov "'ljno, nov oiv rov xatotxoiiv AlOvraeta, MAa arptyyer;, yevnEr; "at xevtaooot. Oi xatotxo: to» OeVr:e1:" ~,

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eOv aViOV CWOAOYLXOV xrjnov OelflJloeovaav vel elxav ~eneeelael, Xaiel nOAv, ae aelOJ-lO iOV~ xatoban»; iOV newiOV, pui sa eva tiea~ bev eivru naeel eva~ aovboaouoc; ano J-leATj eaYJ-laiLXwv ovrwv, nov oi bvvaioiTjie~ iWV n J-leiaAAaywv iOV OelflJloeovaav vel qJielaovv at' aneleO. EiOV xeviaVeO exovJ-lepui J-llt,Tj dA.oyov J-leavOewno, cto MlvwmVeO mveov J-le avOewno (6 LlelViTj~iOV tpavuiaiTjxe vel exel neoawno avOewnov xat aWJ-lamveov). 'Ercn, J-l' aViOV iOV roono, '{Jatveial on OelJ-lnoeovaaJ-le vel naeelyovJ-le e~eALXiLXel ui aieAelwiTj nOlXlA.la reoap iWV - avvbvaa/-lov~ bTjAabrj'ljJaelWV,novAlWv xc €eneiWV, nov J-lOVO blxrj psu; avta if rj anoaieO'{Jrj 6el unorj ooiioav vel irjV neetoetaovv. 'Ev toinou; M yivetcu Xeln tetoio, iel tieaiel pru; xeleTj atrj bvva/-lTjiOV Beov eel elval OVTjatyevrj. '0 (/JAwJ-lnee ovyxevzocooe ott; uAevroiec aeA.lbe~ iOV «n~Lp<xaf!013 't013 'ArlO\) 'Avtcovtou» evav ael0J-lo ueoauovoaov xat xAaaLXwv UeeliWV xat neoanelOTjae - etal iOVAelXlatOvnoatTjetCovv oi OXOAtacie; iOV - vel buvorjael /-leeLXel atVOVeta· iO ieAlxo aVX VOAOJ-lOAl~xat J-leiel {3ta~ J-lii~ eViVnWalelCel xa( uovo eAaxwm bleydeovv neaYJ-laiLXel irj tpavxaoia uac. 'OnolOabrjnou elt,el J-llel -lanel otu; aeA.lbe~ iOV eYXelelJ Mov aViov, yerjyoea OelXamAel{3el, on rj J-lVOlXrj CWOAOyia elvac xaia nOAv '{JiWxOUeTjan' irj CwoAoy{a iovLlTj/-llOveyov. "Ooo ayvoovJ-le irj onpaoia iOV beclxovm, iO rolO ayvoov/-le xa{ irj aTlJ-laa{aiOV aVJ-lnavro~, av xa{ vneleXel xeln airjv eixova iOV beclxovm, nov YOTjievcl rrjv avOeWJllvTj ipavtoata; Yl' aVio xa{ iOV oovavuiue oe reAdw~ bta'{Joeenxov~ tono»; xa{ xeovov~. Elvac; Xaiel
13

xanoto -reono, eva avayxaio riea<; sa oXt eva erprjf.lEeOif -rvXaiO, onw<; ~ -relxirpaATj xlfiatea if 0 xa-rwf3AEna<;. Bif3aw, eXOVf.lE nArjeTj avvdbTjaTj on -ro f3lf3AtOav-ro, nov lao»; va 'val xa{ ro new-ro avrij<; nj<; xarTjyoe{a<;, biv e~avrAE{ro avvoAo rwv ipavtaoroabv ,wwv. 'Eeevvnaaue oe f3aOo<; <; xAaatxi<; sa avaroAlXi<; Aoyorexv{E<; d aAAa UeOVf.lE on ro Oif.la pcu; biv e~avrAEi1:at note. l:xo::rrtf.la anoxAdaaf.lE rov<; nOAVaet0f.l0v<; f.lvOov<; aXEnxa f.li avOewnov<; nov f.lEraf.lOerpWvovrat ai ,wa, ro lobison, -ro AvxavOewno xa{ ra AOtna. BiAOVf.lE va evxaewrrjaovf.le Yla rrj f30rjOela nov f.ld<; neoarpE(!aV TOV<; Awvo(! rXEeeeO vie KonoAa, ~Af.lnieTO vr' ~f3ieaa xa{ ParpaiA AonE' llEAAEyxe{.
Mexp'(VE~, 29 '!exvouexp(ou

1957

J. L. B.

M. G.

14

Ol ~;4yyeAOl TOiJ E{3tVTeVp:TlO!JYU
'0 OtCXXexpl(.Livo~ rptA6aorpo~ xt ~1tta'tiHl.Ovcx~ 'Efl-fl-cxVOU~A :E~€V"CeVfl-1tOp,X (1688 - 1772), 'teX 'teAW'tCXtCX eLXOat 1tEV'te x.povtCX 'ti)~ ,efl-eX't'Yj~ tX1tO fl-eAE't'Yj ~wi)~ 'tOU, 'teX 1tEpCXCfeCf'tO AOVOLVO. 'AAAeX, xcxf}w~ ot "AnAOt OEV dvcxt XCXL 1tOAU 0fl-tA'Yj'ttxoL, tX1tox't'Yjae 't~ auv~f}etCX veX au~'Yj't& fl-E ~CXLfl-0Ve~ XCXLfl-E ' AnEAOU~. '0 8eo~ 'tou XeXptae 'to 1tpOVOfl-to veX ~1ttCfXE1t'te'tCXt 'tov KeX'tw Kocpo XCXLveX tXVCXfl-tYVUe'tcxt a't~ ~w~ 'twv XCX'tOLXWVrou. '0 Xpta'to~ etXe 1tet, o'tt ot <pUXE~ 1tp€1tet veX dvcxt OLXCXte~ ,teX veX ,LVOUV OeX'tE~ crov ncxpeXOetCfO. '0 :E~EV'teVfl-1tOp,X 1tpoaf}eae, o'tt 1tp€1tet veX dvcxt xt E~U1tVe~. '0 M1tAE'YjX tXp,O'tepCX xcxf}optae CfCXq>W~,0'tt 1tp€1tet veX elVCXt XCXAAt't€XVe~ XCXL1tOt'Yj't€~. Ot "A "eAOt 'tou :E~EV'teVfl-1tOp,X dvcxt Ot <puX€~' 1tOU OteXAe~CXV'tov Il«peXoetao. Mv EXOUV tXveX,x'Yj tX1tO A€~et~, tXpXet veX crxerp'tet £vcx~ "AneAO~ xeX1totov &AAO XCXL'tov EXet 1tAeXt rou. ~uo &vf}PW1tot 1tOU tX,CX1t~f}'Yjxcxv a't~ ,i), ,LvoV"CCXt ~VCX~XCXLfl-ovo "A"eAO~. Tov xoafl-o 'tov XU~ePV& ij tX,eX1t'Yj. '0 xeXf}e "AneAO~ elVCXt ~VCX~ ncxpeXoetao~. "Exouv 't~ fl-0Prp~, 1tOU EXel £vcx 'tEAeto tXvf}PW1ttVO av. 'JOto elVCXt XCXL'to axi)fl-<X 'tou ncxpeXoetaou. "Oxou Xt &v Xot'teX~ouv ot "A"eAOt - eL'te ~opww; XCXLtXVCX'tOAtxeXeL'te vO'ttCX XCXL ou'ttxeX - 1teXV"Ccx eIvCXt 1tpoaw1to fl-E 1tpoaw1to 1tpO~ 'to 8eo. neXvw tX1t' OAOCdvcxt f}elXOL. 'H fl-e,CXAU'tep~ 'tOU~ ijoov~ elVCXt veX 1tpoaeUX0V"CCXt XCXLveX AUVOUV f}wAO,txeX 1tpO~A~fl-CX'tCX. TeX ,~tvCX 1tPeXifl-cx!CX oEvdvcxt 1tCXpeXaUfl-~oAcx 'twv oUpeXVtWV 1tpcx'fl-eX'twv. '0 15

~Atoe; aU(l~OAL~~t 'tij e~LCt.cpua7]. ~'tOV nCt.p&.o~taO O€V XUAa. (; xpOVOe;~ Tj 547] 'twv 1tpCt.Y(l&''twv an&.~~t aU(lcpwvCt. (l€ 'tij Ol&.e~a7]. ' AV&,AOYCt. (l€ 'tijv ~ucpu(Ct. 'twv ' An€AWV aa'tp&.cp'tOUV XCt.Lot evou(let.aL~e; roue. nAOUOtO't~p~e; a1t~ 'tLe; 4ux€e; 'twv CP'twxwv EiVCt.t ot 4ux€e; 'twv 1tAOUOlWV~ ecpoaov Ot 1tAOUOtol elVCt.t OUV7]eto(l€Vot O't&' 1tAOU't7]. "OACt. 't~ aV'tlX~l(l~VCt.~ 'ttl ~m1tACt. Xl Ot 1tOAt'td~e; axo(l7]~ ~rVCt.l mo cpUalX&' XCt.lmo 1tOAUOUVe~'tCt. O'tOV nCt.p&.O~lOO 1tCt.p~ lhl O'tij yij. T&. XpW(lCt.'tCt. elVCt.l mo 1tAOUOlCt. XCt.l mo ao'tpCt.cp't~p&.. Ot "A n~AOl ayy Alxije; xCt.'tCt.ywyije; ~Xouv (ll&' XAlO7] 1tpOe; 'tijv 1tOAl'tlXij~ ot i~pCt.i"xije; xCt.'tCt.ywyije; 1tpOe; 'to e(l1topto xoo(l7](l&.'twv~ ot y~P(lCt.VlXije; xCt.'tCt.ywyije; ~Ct.o'ta.v~ 6yxwo~le; 'to(loue;~ 1tOU 'toue; OU(l~OUA~UOV'tCt.l 1tplV v&. OlCt.XlVOUV~Ucouv (ll&' a1t&.V't7]o7]. 'E1t~lOij ot (lOUOOUA(l&'VOl 'tl(lOUV. 'to MW&.(l~e~ 0 e~oe; 'toue; ~X~l 1tpo(l7]e~ua~l ~vCt.v "An~AO~ ]tou 1tCt.l~~l 'to POAO 'tOU npocpij't7]. OL cp'tWXOl 'tw 1tV~U(lCt.'tl Xl ot ep7](lL't~e; aUpOUV'tCt.l 'tle; a1tOACt.Ua~le; 'tOU nCt.p&.O~lOOU~ (ll&' XCt.l e&. ~'tCt.V avLXCt.VOl V&. 'tLe; XCt.pOUv.

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To "AAoyo 'tije; e&'ACt.oaCt.e;~ o€ aV'tce~07] (l€ 'ttl 1t~PlOOO't~pCt. CPCt.V'tet.a'tlX&'~wCt.~ O€V ~rVCt.l ~VCt. OUve~'tO 1tA&.O(lCt.~Oiv elVCt.l 'tl1tO'tCt. 1tCt.pCt.1t&'VW a1to ~VCt. &ypto &AOyO~ 1tOU ~d O'tij e&'ACt.oaCt. XCt.L1tOU ~yCt.lV~l O'tijv ax'tij 'tle; acp€nCt.p~e; (lOVO VUX't~e;~ (l'tCt.V Tj Ct.upCt.'tOU cp€pV~l 'tij (lUpWOl&. 'tije; cpop&.OCt.e;. 16

l:€ XIX1tOto cX1tPOcrOLOPLcr-to T)crC- lcrW~ 1tpOX~rtaL rLa "tij V Bopvw - oi ~ooxo( q>ipvouv "t(~ xIlM"te.pe.~ cpopaoe.~ 1013 ~acrLAl& cr"tijV cXX"tijXat xpU~Onal xa"tw cX1t' "tij rii. 'Eow, 6 l:tn[l1taV"t doe. "tov ~m~ij"topa va ~ralve.l cX1t' "tij 9aAacrcra xat VIX1tT)Me.l 1tavw cr"to 9T)Auxo, ~ow dVal1tOU &xoucre. "tijv xpauyij rou, 'H OPlcr"tlXij EXOOcrT)"tOU Btf3Atov nov XtAtcov xai pule; Nvxrwv x.povoAore.l"tal xa"t1X "tov M1tip"tov 1te.pl "to oixa"to "tPl"tO Illwva. Tov lOto IlLwva E~T)Oe.Xl 6 xocr[l0rpaq>o~ Zaxaptrla &1..- Krxcr~tVl, 1tOU Erpa4e. au"ta "ta AOrla o"tij ola"tPl~ij rou eavpara rije;iJ.Tjptov(!y{ae;:«To &Aoro "tii~ 9aAacrcra~ e.tVlll crlXV"to &Aoro "tii~ ~T)p&~, [lovo 1tOU ij xat"tT) 7:(1)XI ~ oupa 7:(1) elval p.axpv1:epe.;. Tb xpwp.a 1:01)Aap.7rC;I mo 1tOAU, ot o1tAi~ rou dval crXlcr"ti~ crlXV"tOU &rplOU ~oOlOU xal oi olaq>ipe.l cr"to u40~ cX1t' "to &Aoro tii~ O"te.pl&~, ~vw e.ival mo xonpo cX1t'"toralooupl». I1apa"tT)pd O"tl (.lla OlIlO"tIlUPWcrT) "twv 0150 e.LOWV,"tOU 9aAacrcrtou )tat "tou cruplavou, [l&~ OlVe.l [lla 1tOAU o(.l0p<PT) plX"tcra, ~va (.lIXUpO cXAorlXxl «[l' &cr1tpe.~ ~ouAe.~ crav xO[l[la"tla &'crT)(.llOU».

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L'tijV I10p't0YIXAtlX, O''t(~ OX9E~ 'tou 1to'tlXlloU T6cyou XIX( "(UpW ~1t~ 'tij ALO'O'IX~OVIX~ElvlXL ~€~IXLO~ O'tL O'tIXV q>UO'6cEl OU'tLXO~ &vEllo~~ Ot q>op6c5E~ O'7Jxwvouv ~7JA6c 't(~ oupe~ 'tou~~ 'tt~ O''tpecpouv 1tpO~ 'tij IlEpL6c 'tOU XL E'tO'LO'UAAIXIl~6c~ VOUV ~1t~ 'to "(OVLIl01tOLO IXU'tOV &VEIlO~ ~V'tt ~1t0 O'1teplllX cpt>crtXO: Il ~ au'tov 'tOV 'tP01tO xa( 1ttO xoV't"pe~ XIX! mo ~wl1pe~ "(tVOV'tIXL XIX( "(EVVOUV 1tOUAlXp6cxLa "(pij"(OplX cr6cv 'tOV ~"(epa~ 1tOU oe ~OUV 0IlW~ 1t6cvw ~1tO 'tptOC x_pOVtoc. '0 tcr'tOpLXO~ 'Ioucrwoc pL~OXLV5uVEUEt 'tijv U1t09EO'7J O'tl 1) U1tEP~OAij «"(LOt 'tOU ~veIlOU»~ 1tOU AeYE'tOCl "(L6c1tOAU "(pij~ "(opoc &AO"(OC~"(eVVljO'E OCU'tOV'to llu9o.

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18

~'ta popw~ 'tij~ KopooPit Xit( auyxe.xpLflivit yupw CX1t' 'to KtAtVO~,Ot &V9pW1tOLltAOUV flta youPOUVit oe.flif iLa V1] fl' eXAUatOe.~, tOU 'tijv 1tittpVOUVd01]a1] 'tij vUX'tit. 1 'Exeivoi 1tOU ~ouv xovtd a'to aLo1]pooPofltXo a'tit9flo (axupt~ov'titt, ihL Tj iOUPOUVitiAta'tp& a'tt<; 'tpoXti<;. "AAAOLfl&~ OLitpe.pittWaitV 1tW~ Tj iOUPOUVit EXe.t'tij auvij9e.Lit va 'tpiXe.L xit'ta flijxo~ 'twv 'tYjAe.jpitqnxwv XitAWOtWV, xavoV'tit, 'ti'tOLit cpitaitp(it fli 'tt<; «eXAuaiOe.<;», 1tOU ~e.xoucpittve.t. MixpL 'twPit xitvivit, oiv 'to EXe.t Oe.t 'to ~wo itlho, itit'tt floAt, xave.L, va 'to xOL'ta~e.L', ~~itCPitVt~e.'titt IXve.~iji1]'tit. O] oo~itate., ita 'tijv 'AAuaooe.fl€v1] rOUpOUVit (chancha con cadenas), 1tOUdvitt jVwa'tij Xitl fl€ 'to OVOflit Te.ve.xe.OtvLOroupouVt (chancho de lata) dVitL btCa1]~ OLitoofl€ve., a€ CP'twxoie.t'toVt€, 'tij, ~1titPXtit' 'tau M1touivoc "Ai"pe., xit'ta flijxo, 'tOU 1to'titflou. '11tapxouv ouo 1titPitAAitii, a'tijv 'Apie.V'tLYijita 'to AUxav9pw1to. Mta IX1t'itlh€<;, xmvij 'toao a'tT)v OUpoujouaTj oao Xitt a'tij Non« Bpit~LAtit, dvitt 0 lobison. 'E1tE.toij 0flW' a' itlhi<; 'tt, 1tE.pLOXi,Biv u1tapxouv AUxot, u1to'tf9e.'titt (ht 01 &V9pW1tOL 1tit(pvouv 'tij flopCPij ioupouVtWV Tj oxuAWV. ~' optaflive., XWfl01tOAe.t,'tau 'Evrps P(o" Ot xo1tiAe., IX1toCPe.uioUV 'tau, viou, 1tOU~ouv xov'ta ai flitV'tpta, itit'tt Aive. o'tt 'ta aitppit'toppitOit fle.'titfloPcpwVOV'titLo'ta ~Wit 1tOU1tpoitvitcpipitfle.. ~'t(<; fle.aTjflppwi<; ~1titPx.(e., auVitv't&fle. 'tov tigre capiango. To x'tijvo<; itlho Otv e.tVitt litiouapLO<; (lXfle.ptXitVtxij 'ttiP1]), IXAAa &v9pw1to<; 1tOU fl1tOPe.tva 1tape.t 'tij flopCPij'tOU litiouaptou 01to'te. 'to 9e.Aijae.t. ~uvij9w<;, axo1to<; rou e.Ivitt va 'tpofla~e.t 'tou<; cprAou<;
19

[li xoV'tptX &o'tdcx, &AAeX XCXLXeX1tOlOl A1jo'ti~ ~1twcpE.A~91jxov &pXE.'teX [lE.'tcx[lcplE.~6[lE.VOl oi capiango. '0 Acx6~, o't~ OleXPXE.lCX'twv ~[lCPUAlWV 1toAi[lwv 'tou 1tE.pcxo[livou CXLWVCX, 1tLO'tWE. (hl 0 0'tpcx't1jy6~ <!>cxxouV'to Klp6ycx dXE. Ot(~ OlCX'tcxyi~ rou ~vcx OA6XA1jpO ouV'tCXy[lCX &1t6 capiangos.

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"Av 9iAE.'tE. veX od'tE. 't6 1tl6 WPCXlO 't01tLO 'tou x60[lou, 1tpi1tE.l veX OXCXPCPCXAWOE.1:E. O't~V Xopucp~ 'tou I1upyou 'tij~ NLX1j~, 0't6 Torrop. 'EXE.l, (hcxv 0'tCX9E.l XCXVE.L~teXvw 0' ~VCX 1 o'tponuA6 1tE.~OUAl, EXEl [l1tpOO'teX 'tOU OAO rov 0pL~OV'tCX. MleX O'tPlcpoyUplO't~ OXeXACX001jyE.l 0' cxth6 't6 1tE.~OUAl, 01tOU O[lW~ 'tOA[lOUV Xl &VE.~CXLVOUV [l6vo ~XE.lVOl1tOU oiv mO'tE.UOUV 0't6 [lu90. 'H lO'tOPCCX AiE.l: ~'t~ OXeXACX 'tou I1upyou 'tij~ NCX1j~ ~E.l &1t6 'teX ~eX91j 'tou xp6vou, ~VCX OV E.ucx(091j't0 O't(~ 1tOlx£AE.~ &1t0xpWOE.l~ 'tij~ &v9pw1tlv1j~ o/uxij~, 1tOU E.{VCXl YVWO'to W~ 'A M1tIXO & Koe. EIvCXl ~cx1tAw[livo, 1tleXvoV'tcx~ 't6 [lE.JCXAU'tE.pO [lipo~, 0't6 1tpw'to OXCXA01teX'tl XCXLXOl[l<X'tCXl w~ 't~ O'tly[l~, 1t0t) [li 't6 1tA1jOCCXO[lcx XeX1tOlOU, 9' &veXo/E.l [liocx rou [lleX flUO'tlX~ ~w~. T6'tE. E.IVCXl,1tOU &pXL~E.l veX AeXf1.1tE.lPCX9leXf1.iocx rou ~v« ~ow'tE.plx6 cpw~. T~'J LOlCXo'tlYfl~ 't6 oW[lcx rou XCXt 't6 oipflcx rou, 1tOU dVCXl 0XE.06v olcxcpcxvi~, &pXL~E.l veX OCXAE.UE.l. ,AAAeX [l6vo oeXv &pXLOE.l XeX1tOlO~ V' &VE.~CXCVE.l tAlXOE.lO~ 'teX OXCXA01teX'tlCX,'t6 'A M1teXo & Kou ~wV'tCX\lE.UE.l, &xoAou9E.l
,20

xex'tOC1tooex~ 'tOV lmcrx€1t't1j xex( ~excr'tt€'text cr't1lV l~W'tEPtX1l 1tAEUpOC 'tWV crxexA01tex'ttWV~ lXEI1toU ~Xouv cp9expEI omo 'tl~ yEVt€~ 'tWV 1tpocrXUV1j'tWV. ~€ XOC9EcrxexA01tlX'tt 'to xpwllex 'tou ~WOl) YlVE'text 01..0 xext mo eV'tovo~ 'to O"x:rillexrou Oeyyt~Et 't1lV 'tEAEto't1j'tex Xexl ij yexAex~W1t1l 1l0PCP1l1tOU OeVexOlOE'text~ AOCIl1tEt01..0 xext mo 1tOAu. 'AMOC Ilovo cr'to ~1jAo'tEpo crxexA01toc'tl IX1tOX't&'to 'tEAElo'tEpo crX'iillex rou, o'texv extho~ 1tOU OeVE~extVEldVexl 1tpocrW1tO~ 1tOU ~XEl llu1j9EI cr't1l N tP~ocvex xext Ot XLV1lcrEt~'tOU o€ p(XVOUV crXlOC.'AMtw~~ 'to 'A M1toco IXKoii Otcr'tOC~ElV ~ IXVt~Et cr't1lVxopuCP1l~ cpexlVE'texlcrocv voc ~XEl 1texpexAUcrEt~ crwllex rou 1texPexll€vEl &'tEA€~~'to yex'to AOC~toxpwllex rou YlVE'text 01..0 Xexl mo XAwIlo xt ij Aocll~'Yj rou OelluOP1l. To 1tAoccrllex U1tOcp€pEl~ 1tOU o€v 1l1t0pEI VOC cp'tOCcrEtcr'to 6ptcr'ttxO rou crX'iillex xext 'to 1texPex1tOVEIl€vO ~on'Yj'to rou, xoc'tt crocv 9potcrllex IlE'tex~tou, 1l0Al~ IXXOUYE'text. 'H OlocPXElex 't'ii~ ~w'ii~ rou Elvexl IltXP1l, ytex'tt 1l0Al~ 6 'tex~tOlW't'Yj~ Xex'ttPEt xoc'tw~ 'to 'A M1toco OeKoii, cp€pvoV'tex~ ~oA 'tE~ yupw yupw, xex'tpexxuAocEt cr'toc 1tpw'tex crxexA01toc'tlex xi lXEI~ l~exV'tA1jIl€vO xext crXE06v CilloPcpo~ mplll€vEt 'tov E1t0IlEVO lmcrx€1t't'Yj. A€VE o'tt 'toc 1tAoxoclltex rou E[Vext6pex'toc Ilovo o'texv cp'toccrEtcr'toc IlEcrexlex crxexA01toc'ttex. AtVE Oexo1l1j o'tt Il1tOpEI xext ~At1tEt 11' 01..0 rou 'to crwllex xt o"n 'to CintYlloc rou 1l0tOC~Et croc~ v' Oen(~El~ cpAouoex pOMXLVOU. ~'to 1t€Pexcrllex 'tWV extwvwv 'to 'A M1tocO IX Koii ~'P'texcrE cr'to 1tE~OUAt 'tou ITupyou Ilovo IllOC cpopoc. To llu90 extho 'tov ~XEl xex'texYPOC~El6 K. K. 'houppoupou cr~ ~vex 1texpocP't'Yjllex't'ii~ xAexcrlx'ii~ 1ttOCcr1lIlEPex IlEA.t't'Yj~ -cou Fleet t:ij~ MaAatatavij~ Maye{a~ (1937).

21

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~'t&. C/JaeadJ...w (IX, 701 - 728)* &'1tcxpl9IJ.ouV'tCXl 't&. 1tpCXYIJ.CX'tlX&' 't&. c:pcxV'tcxa'tlx&' ~P1tE't&., 1tOU auv&.v't1jacxv xCXt Ot a'tpcx'tlw't~~ 'tou K&.'twvcx a'tT)v 1tUpwIJ.€V1j 'tOU~ 1tpo€ACXa1j IJ.€acx tX1t6 'tT)v tXC:PPlXCXVlXT) ~P1jIJ.o. 'Av&.IJ.~acx a' cxu't&' auyXOC'tCXAEYOV'tCXl: ncxp£cx~, «1t0t> txcxvo1tol~i'tCXl tXvo£yoV'tcx~ 6 op6IJ.0 IJ.€ 'tT)v oup&. rou» (7), 01tW~ A€~l ~VCX~ 'Ia1tcxv6~ 1tOl1j'tT)~ 'tou oexcx'tou ~~ooIJ.ou CXLWVCX, «1tOU tXVO(Y~l 't6 op6IJ.0
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'tOU, Opew~ a6:v fL1tcx.a'touVl))), 0 'I6:xouAo~, 1tOU ~E.1tE.'t6:yE.'tcx.l fL~ oPfLij 1i1t' 't6: o~V'tpcx. a6:v lixoV'tw xcx.( «T} ~mx (VOUV71 ,AfLq?{O'~O:tvcx.,1tOU XtvE.t'to:t e1t[O'71~ 1T:pO~'to fL€po~ xat 'tWV ouo xe.<pcx.Alwv 't71~)). '0 nAcvw~ (VIII, 23) xp71alfL01tOle.t axe.Mv 't(~ lOle.~ A~~E.l~, yl6: ',16: 1T:e.plyp6:~E.l 'tijv 'AfLcplapcx.l',10: XO:l 1T:pOO'e€'te.l: «~6:v ',16: fLTJv ~'to:v &pXE.'t6: pAo:pe.p6 'to o71A71'tijpw, 1tOU XUVE.l fLoVO li1to 'to ~vcx. a'tofLcx.)). '0 6}1Juaveo<; 'tOU M1tpouv~'to Acx.'tlVl - T} ~YXUXA01T:cx.(OE.lcx. o71Acx.oij 1T:OUU1T:€OE.l~E. Acx.'ttVl O''tov 1T:cx.Alo fLcx.87j'tij, O''tov ~poo0 rou fLo xuxAo 'tij~ K6Acx.a71~ - dVcx.l Aly6'tE.po q)E.lowA6~ xcx.C mo acx.cpij~: «'H ' AfLCPlO'Pcx.lVcx. dVcx.l avcx. cpCOlfL€ 0150 XE.<p6:Alcx., 'to EVcx.O''tijv Xcx.vovlXij 'tau e€O'71 xcx.t 'to aMo O''tijv oup6:' fL1T:Ope.t ',16: ocx.yXWO'e.l xcx.( fL~ 't6: 0150, 'tP~Xe.l fL~ O'PE.A't6:ocx.xcx.( 't6: fL6:'tlcx. 't71~ A6:fL1tOUV a6:v Xe.Pl6:». '0 O'~p T6fLcx.~ M1tp6:ouv O''to ~pyo 'tau KOlVi<; llJdve<; (1646) ~ypcx.~e. (.l'tl O€v U1T:6:pXe.l e.iOo~ O''tij q?UO'Tjxwp[~ EOPO:, xe.cp6:Al, fL1tpoO''tlVO Xcx.l 1T:(O'W fL~po~, OE.~l6: Xl liplO''tE.pij 1T:Ae.up6: xt lipvije71XE. 'tijv u1T:cx.P~71 ,AfLq?tO'Pcx.tvcx.~,«Ylcx.'tC exoV'to:~ ouo Xe.<p6:Alcx.,EVO: 'tij~ O'~ x6:ee. ax po, X6:Ve.l 'to x6:ee. 't~AO~ 't71~ ',16: ee.WpE.hCXl lipxij 't71~, 1tP6:YfLcx.1tOU e.tVcx.lliMvcx.'to ... Kcx.{we; ~X 'tOU'totJ cx.thij T} Ol1tA01T:p0O'W1t(cx.xcx.xwe; ~1ttVoije71xe. fL€ 'tijv 'to1to9€'t71O'71 O'~ x6:ee. axpo Xl ~vo~ XE.cpcx.Awu.. ». 'AfLCP(O'Pcx.tvcx. tAA71. O''tOC VlX6: O'71fLcx.(VE.l cx.thij 1tOU «Pcx.{VE.llifL<PC))(xcx.{ 1tpOe; 't{e; OUO xcx.'te.UeUVO'e.le;). ~'t(e; ,AV't(Me.~ XO:( a€ oPlO'fLivo: fLip71 'tij~ ,AfLE.PlXij~, 'to ovofLcx. cx.thO 'to o(vouv 0" ~vcx. ~p1tE.'t6, 1tOU dVcx.l O'uvijew~ yvwO''to we; doble andadora (cx.th6 1tOU 1T:71ycx.tve.l Xl li1t' 't(~ OUO fLE.ptie;) xcx.( w~ «ol1tAoxicpcx.Ao cptOl» xcx.( «fL71't~Pcx. 'tWV fLUPfL71YXlWV)). A~ve. Chl "Co "Cp~qlouv "C6: fLUPfLTJYXlcx..Kt lixofL71, 1T:W~ av 'to xo~ouv O''tij fLt071, 't6: OUO fLip71 tvwVOV'tcx.l xcx.( 1t6:Al.
23

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:E'to Xevao eeVA.O, f.LtlXauvo41J ~lWV 'twv cXylWV, ypcxf.Lf.L€V1J'to O€xCX'to 'tPl'tO CXLWVCX 'to OOf.LtvtXCXVO cX1t' f.LOVCXXO 'IlXxw~o n€ BOpCX~lV, 1tOU rov OtlX~CX~CXV XCXl'tov ~CXVCXOtlX~CX~CXV M~acxlwvcx XCXl1tOU 'tWpCX 'tov EXOUV1tCXpCXf.L~A~'to cu, ~p(axouf.L~ 1toM 1t~p(~pyo uAtxO. To ~t~A(O yvwpta~ 1tOAuIXPtGf.L~~ ~x06a~t~ XCXl f.L~'tcxcpPlXa't1Jx~ 1tOAA€~ cpop€~, f.L~'tcx~u 'tWV &AAWV XCXt a't' eXnALxlX eX1t' 'tov OUCAALCXf.L KIX~'tov. To «Second Nonne' s Tale» 'tou Tawa~p EX~L 't~ p(~cx rou a'to Xevao eeVA.O *. '0 Aovyx <I>~A6ou ~f.L1tV~Ua't1Jx~ t1tla1J~ cX1t' 'to EpyO 'tou 'IlXxw~ou, 1tOU 1tfip~ 'tov 'tl'tAO 'tou Xevaov eeVA.OV ytlX VIX'tOV owa~t a' EVCX 't1X a1t' Pt~ACCX'tfi~ 'tPtAoylCX~ rou Xewror;. 'A1t' 't1X f.L~acxtwvtxlX ACX'ttvtXIX'tou 'IlXxwpou f.L~'tcxcppli~ouf.L~ 't' axoAouGcx a1t' 'to X~cpliACXtoytli 't~v 'AyCcx MlipGcx (CV [100]):
'EX~LVO 'tOV XCXtpO~oua~ a€ XIX1tOto oliao~ 1tIXVW cX1t' 'to Poocxvo, f.L~'tcx~u "ApA Xt 'A~LVtov, EVCX~ oplixoV'tcx~, f.Ltao~ x'tfivo~ XCXlf.Ltao~ 41XPt, mo f.LqIXAo~ cX1tO~OOl XCXl mo f.Lcxxpu~ a1to &AOYO. 'OrcAtaf.L€vo~ f.L' EVCX~wylipt XCXUAtOOOV't~~1tOU ''tCXValiv ~(cp1JXCX( tpO~~~LXCXV ... x€1 ali PCX'tCX.fIcxpcxf.L0vw~ a'to 1to'tlif.Lt, XCXl ax6'twv~ OA.OU~ 'tou~ 1t~pcxa'ttxou~ XCX(~OUAtCX~~'t(~ PIXPX~~, '01twcro~-

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bUf.L~WV(lf.Li 't1) 8eoyov{a 'toG 'Hotooou, OL"Ap1tut~~ ~'t(lV e~o't1j'tE~ ~'tEpw'ti~, fli fl(lXPltl AU'ttl fl(lAAltl, mo ypijyop~e; Xl om' 'ttl 1tOUAltl xol 'tOUe;&.viflOUe;. b'tijV Alveulba ('tpt'tO ~l~AtO) ~IV(ll OpV~(l fli yUV(ltX~Io 1tPOO'W1tO, O~'tEX ptl Y(lflo/tl VUXt(l X(lt ~PWf.L~ptl O'XiA1j~ &'V(OXUP(l '1t0 f.Lltl & 1tElV(l, 1tOU Oiv fl1tOp~L'tt1tO't(l Vtl 't1) XOp'taO'~l. 'E~opf.LoGv &.1t' 'ta ~ouva X(lt A~1jA(l'tOGV 'tp(l1ti~l(l1tOU 'xouv O''tPW'ta O~l O't(~ ylop'ti~. EIV(lt (hpw't~~ X(l{ &'1t01tViOUV f.Lta flOAUOfl(l'ttxij flupWOta. "O,'tt ooGv, 'to X(l't(l~pOXe(~OUVO'tptyyAt~OV't(le; X(lt A~PWVOUV 1taV't(l fli 1t~Pt't'tWfl(l't(l. '0 'ta bip~LO~, o'ta 0xoAta 'tOUyta 'to BtpY(ALO,ypa~~l O'tl 01tW~ &.XPl~W~ ij 'EXtl't1j dV(lt I1~po~~OV1j o'tov "A01j, "Apuf.L1j O'tij Yii X(ll b~A1)V1j O'tOV OUP(lVO Xl 6V0f.Ltl~~'t(ll 'tpl1tAij e~tl, ~'tOt xt OL"Ap1tUt~~ dV(lt Miy(ltp~e; O'tOV"Ao1j, "Ap1tUl~~ O'tij iii X(lt Dirae 11 ~(l(flov~~ O'tOVOUP(lVO. 'E1tl01je;, 'tle; OUUiolJV f.Li 'tt~ Parcae 11 MOLp~~. OL "Ap1tUt~~, Uonp(l &'1t0 Ol(l't(lyij 'tWV e~WV, ~(l(jtlvt~(lV ~V(l ~(l(jtAltl* 'tii~ E>ptlX1je;,~1t~toij ~(lvipwv~ 'to f.LiAAOV
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Kt EtXE o'Cif1.f1.exXexl axijmpo ~(X(1tAtXO To 1tpoaw1to rou aav ~A6yex EAexfl.1tEAWX1j Ko~'tEpo, xex6apto, aav 1tpoaw1to a1to 1ti'tpex Movo 1tOU oiv ~'Cexv oapxex f1.a ~AOyex 'tpEf1.0l)AtWn1j. Kext 'Ci'totE~ f1.ex'Ct~~'t' exuAaxwvexv "Ayptex~ 1tE6l)f1.tcx~, 1tOVOl) xext ~O~Ol) "01tw<; 'ta 1tPOOW1tex 'twv aV6p6)1tWV rou dixex ~op~<; 0f1.w~ mo a''((")lex: Kt aAoyo U1t~pOXO (; a~~V't'Yj~ dXE 'AVEl1tW'C'Yj~f1.0p~ij<; Xexl pa'toex~, Ilou ''tE aAoyo, ouu (1t1toypl.)1tex~ OU'CEop<xxo\l'tex~ ~'texv. "Ef1.0tex~E xext oiv [f1.0tex~e. f1.' OAex exth<x Kext 'tpe.f1.0UAtex~e.a<xv 'ta ~exV't<X0f1.ex'tex 0' ove.tpO xexxo ... '1aw~ o'tt~ 1texpex1t<Xvwypexf1.f1.i~va U1t<Xpxe.tf1.ta 1)xw 'Cij~ axomf1.ex Ot~OpOUf1.EV'Yj~tpoaw1to1tot'Yja'Yj~ 'COU6exv<X'Col.) 1 a'to Xap.evo llaeabcwo (II, 666 - 673):
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28

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31

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eXelVTj 1tOU U1tOa'tTjpl~~ O'tl 6 B(X.alA(axo~ 1tpO~PXo'tcxv cX1tO xtX1tOW 1tCXPCXfLoPcpwfL~vO cxuyo, 1tOU y~vvTja~ EVcx~xoxopcx~ XCXlXAwaTja~ EVcxCPlOl iJ XtX1tOW~ cppuvo~. To o~xcx'to ~~ooflo cxlwvcx 6 ~~P TOfLcx~ M1tptXouv ~piix~ 'tTjv EPfLTjv<.tCXxuc 'tTjv roco cX1t((:)cxvTj cX1t((:)CXVTj XCX(1j U1tCXp~Tjou 't~oao ~'tcxv t pcx'to~. TTjv t'OlCXe1t0xTj ax<.06v 6 KE~~OO ~ypCX<l>E POfLtXV'to 't~o 'tou «'0 BcxalAtaXO~», 01tOU olCX~tX~oufLE: Si estd vivo quien te vio, Toda su historia es mentira, Pues si no muri6, te ignora, Y si muri6 no 10 afirma. ("Av ~xElvo~ 6 &vepW1tO~ 1tOU a' cXV'ttXpla~ dVCXl cXXOfLTj ~wV'tcxvo~, 'to'tE OATjcou 1j ta'toplcx dVCXl EVcx<I>~fLCX, YlCX't( &v o~v ~XEl1tEetXVEl 'ton o~ ytVE'tCXl VtXa' ~XEl OEl, xt &V ~XEl 1t~etXVEl, O€v fL1tOPEi"vtX fL&~ ml tt dOE).

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~'tt~ 1tPW'tE~ yEPfLcxvlX~~ yAwaa~~, BCXAxUp(<.~aTjfLCXtV~l: «cxu't~~ 1tOU OlcxA~youV 'tou~ fLEAAoetXvCX'toU~» a'ttX mOlcx 'twv fLcxxwv. Mv ~~pOUfLE 1tW~ 't(~ cpcxV'ttX~oV'tcxvOt r<.pfLcxVOLXl Ot Aua'tplcxxo£. ~ufLrpwvcx fL~ 'tiL VOPPT)'YlXTjfLUeOAOytCX, E(VCXl6pcx't~~ 1tCXpe~V~~, 1tOU xpcxocx(vouv 01tACX. ~uvTjew~,~'tcxv 'tPEl~ 'tov cXp~efLo, &v XCX(a't(~ 'Eoo~~ cXvcxcp~pov'tCXl 1tEplaaOnpcx cX1tOOWOEXCX6vOfLCX'tCX. 'E1tCXlPVCXV <l>ux~~ twv axo'twfL~Vwv cX1t' 'to 1tEOlO 'tii~ 't(~
32

lleXXTJ~XilL 'tL~ 1l~'te'P~pilV cr'tOV E1ttXO 1tilpeXO~LcrO'tOU '0V'tLV. 'Exsi, cr'tijv ill'aOUcril 'tij~ l:'Pilyij~, cr'tij BilAXeXAAil, 1tOU 't1j xpUOil'P~VLil 'tTJ~ opo'Pij 'PW'tL~ilV 'YullveX 01tileLeX XL 0XL AeXll1t~~, lleXX0V'tilV ot 1tOA~IlLcr'tE~ ~1t' 'teXXilPeXllil'til w~ 't~ oucrTJ. Tors OcrOLdXilV crxo'twed ~ilVil'YUpL~ilV O't~ ~wij XL OAOL'tOU~ ~1tilLPVilV Il~PO~ crE IlLeXedil 'Ytop't~, 01tOU 'tou~ 1tp00'P~PilV 'to XP~il~ ~VO~ ~eeXvil'tOU xeX1tpOU Xilt uopoll~AL Il~cril cr~ XEPil'til 1tOU o~v &O~Lil'ilV 1to'te. <I>ilLV~'tilLO'tL 1j lo~oc IlL&;~~'t~A~LW'tTJ~ lleXXTJ~1tpO~PXO'tilV ~1t' 'tou~ K~Au~. "Eva ~nAocril~OVLXO ~OpXL 'YLeX 'tOU~ ~OC'PVLXOU~ crou~ALcr'tOU~ 1tOVOU~, 1t~PL'YpeX'P~L BilAxUpt~~, xwPt~ veX'tt~ XOC'tt~ 'tovolleX~~L. O] cr'tLXOL, 01tW~ 'tOU~ £X~L 1l~'tOC'PpeXcr~L6 l:'t61t'PopV't A. M1tpoux, dVOCLot ~~i)~: «~UVil'teX, W 1tOAU ouvoc'teX», 'PWVil~ilV 'tpexoV'toc~ xoc~eXAOC1teXvw ~1t' 't~ yij. "A'YPLil dxocv XOCPOLeX, 'tP~X0V'toc~ 1teXvw ~1t' 'to AO'PO rLOC'tLot 1tOCpe~V~~Ot ouvoc't~~ ~~ilAOCV'teX ouvoc'teX 'tOU~... To ovolloc BOCAxUpLil, IlE 't~v E~eX1tAWcrTJ XPLcr'tLO:VL'tou crllou, EX'PUALcr'tTJX~.l:'t~ ll~crOCLwvLX~'AnAtil, EVOC~ LXilO cr't~~ ~xoc4~ 1teXvw cr~ 1tOCAOUXL IlLeXv &'tuXTJ 'YUVilLXil, 1tOU Xil'tTJ'Y0p~eTJx~ creXv BilAxUptOC, OTJAilO~ oeXv lleX'YLOOOC.

33

BCCflw8
T~CJCJE.pt~ <xlwYE.~ 1tp6 Xpta'tou, 6 BE.E.fl.w9 ~'t<XY fl.t& fl.E.yWUYCJ'TJ 'tou O'~Cjl<XY't<X~ 'tou t1t1t01t6't<Xfl.ou ~ fl.t& A<x9E.fl.~Y'TJ X<Xl 'tp0fl.<xx'ttxij 1t<Xp<XAA<xyij 'tWY ~WWY <xthwy. l:ijfl.E.p<X fl.&~ cX1t~fl.E.t\I<XY, yt& 'tijy cXxp(~E.t<X, Ot O~X<X 1tE.plCjl'TJfl.Ot a'ttx_m, 1tOU 'tOY 1tE.Ptyp&CjlOUY CJ't6 ~t~AtO 'tou 'Iw~ (M', 15 24), x<Xt 't6 'tE.p&a'ttO 1tA&afl.<X 1tOU ~E.1t'TJO& cX1t' <Xthou~. "0A<X 't' &AA<X E.lV<xt aU~'TJ'tijaE.t~ x<Xt Myt<X 'tOU cX€p<x. 'H A~~'TJ «BE.E.fl.we» ElV<xt 1tA'TJeUY'ttXOU cXptefl.ou. Ol ifl.~pl9E.t~ fl.E.AE.'t'TJ'tE~ fl.&~ AEve O"Cl dV<Xl 6 1tA'TJ9uvnx6~ 'tou i~p<xrxou b' hemah, 1tOU a'TJfl.<xlvet ((9'TJplO». "01tW~ eyp<xIjiE 6 <I>p€u AOUL~ CJ't6 ~pyo 'tou Exposition del libro de Job: ((BE.E.fl.we dV<Xl fl.l& i~p<xrxij A€~'TJ 1tOU cXY'tla'toLX_Et a'tij A~~'TJ --9'TJpl<x". l:ufl.Cjlwv<x fl.~ 'tijv &1t01ji'TJ 'tWV fl.eAE.'t'TJ'twV, 1tOU eX_E.lylVE.l cX1tOOE.x'tij, ~ AE~'TJ a'TJfl.<x(vEl 'tOV E.A~Cjl<XY't<XL X <xtho Myw 'tOU U1t~pfl.E.'tpou fl.Ey~90u~ 'tOU, 1tOU &'01 x<Xt E.lV<Xl ~V<X fl.ovo ~wo AOy<XPl&~E.'t<Xl yL& 1tOAA&». <I>~pvoufl.E., i1t(CJ'TJ~, CJ'to VOU fl.<X~ 'to ie:'(ov6~ iht CJ't6'J 1tpw'to a'ttx_o 'tou cXpx_txOU xetfl.~vou 'tfj~ rEveCJ'TJ~, 'to Elohim, 1tOU a'TJfl.<xlvel E>eo~ O''t& i~p<xrx&, eLV<Xl 0''t6v 1tA'TJ9uv'ttxo cXpt9fl.0, &'01 x<xi 6 'tU1tO~ 'tou pijfl.<X'to~ 1tOU 'to cuvoOE.UE.t E.iv<Xt 0''t6v iVLXO: Bereshit bar-a Elohim et hashamaim veet haaretz. at 01t<XOOl 'tfj~ 'tpt<XOtx6't'TJ't<X~ 'tOU E>e.oU XP'TJO'tfl.01tOl'TJO'<Xv 'tij ip<Xfl.fl.<X'ttxij <xthij cXO'Ufl.CjlWVl<x 0'&'01 cX1tOOE.l~'TJ 'tfj~ CjluO''TJ~ 'tou E>e.ou w~ T ptCJU1toO''t<X'tou (TpE.I~ - O'~ - 'Evcv),
34

flixpQ(9i-tOUflE. 'tou~ oixQ( O'tlXOU~ 1X1t',~ flE.,ciCPPQ(o'Yj 1tOU EXQ(VE. rrQ('t~p No~ 1X1t',~ AQ('lVlX~ B(~AO (XL, 10 - 19): 0 IXAM LOOU9'Yjp(Q((BE.E.flw9) 1tQ(pci OOl, xop,ov tOQ( ~ouo(v ~09(OUOlV' LOOUo~ Tj (oXu~ Q(thou ~v oocput, Tj oi OUVQ(flt~ Q(thou ~1t' 0flCPQ(AOUyQ(IJ,po~' EOTYjOE.Vupciv w~ XU1tcio piccov, ,ci oi VE.UPQ( (u,ou oUfl1tAix'Q(t· Q(t 1tAcUpQ(( Q(uQ ,au XciAxE.lQ(t, Tj oi pciXl~ Q(u,ou o(QTjpO~ XU,O~· ,ou,' ~o,(v IXPX~ 1tMoflQ(,o~ Kupiou, 1tE.1tOlTjfl€vOU ~yxQ(,Q(1tQ(l~E.09Q(tU1tO ,WV IXTIiAWV Q(u,ou' ~1tE.AeWVM ~1t' 0po~ IXxpo,ofloV ~1to('YjOE.XQ(Wov~v ,E.'PO:1tOOtv tv 'ct> ,Q(p,cip~' U1tO 1tQ(V'tooQ(1tcioivopQ( Xotfl&,Q(t, 1tQ(pci 1tci1tUPOV xQ(( XciAQ(floV xQ(( ~ou't0flov' oXlci~oV'tQ(t oi ~v Q(th0 oivopQ( flE.yciAQ(OUVpoociflvOl~ XQ(lXAWVE.~&ypou' Mv yivvTj,Q(t 1tA~flfluPQ(, 013 fl~ Q((09Tj9ij' 1ti1tOl9E.v (l'tt 1tPOOXPOUOE.t 0 'IopMvTj~ d~ ,0 o,oflQ( Q(u,ou' EV 'ct> ocp9Q(Afl0 Oi~E.'Q(l Q(u,ov, ~VOXOAlE.U6flE.VO~ 'p~OE.t plvQ(.

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35

XtlPTj o!l-w~ a'tijv 6~dcx !l-vij!l-Tj 'twv tepawv !l-1topeacxv Vtl olcxawSouv 'ttl Se!l-eAlWOTj xel!l-evcx, 1tOU aU!l-1tATjpWSTjXCXV a'ttl !l-aacx 'tou evcx'tou CXlWVCX eX1tO evcx eYXUXA01tCXlOlXO epyo, 't~v Bundahish, 1tOU 1teplaxel XCXl 't~v 1tCXpCXXtl'tw aeALOCX: rltl 'to rtllOCXpO !l-a 'ttl TpCcx I100lCX, Aive O'tl a'tixe'tcxl a't~ !l-iaTj 'tou wxecxvou XCXlO'tl [Xel 'tpeI~ 61tAi~, e~l !l-tl, 'tlCX, ~vvicx a't6!l-cx'tcx, OUO CXU'tltl XCXl evcx xipcx'to. To 'tPlXW!l-tl rou dVCXl AWxo, i) 'tpocpij 'tou 1tVW!l-CX'tlX~ XCXl~eI 1ttlv'to'te ~vtlpe'tcx. Ttl OUO eX1tO 'ttl e~l !l-tl'tlCX rou ~Ploxovrm exel 1tOU 1tpi1tel Vtl dVCXl 'ttl !l-tl'tlCX, &AACXOUO a't~v xopucp~ 'tou xecpcxALOu rou XCXl OUO a'to xou'teAo. Mi 't~v eXypltlOCX 'twv e~l !l-CX'tlWV rou cpipvel 'to SplCX!l-~O XCXl 't~v xcx'tcxa'tpo<p~. Ttl 'tplCX eX1t' 'ttl ~vvicx rou a'to!l-cx'tcx dVCXl a'to 1tpoaw1to, &AACX'tPlCX a't6 XOUUAO XCXl't' &AACX'tplCX ~plaxoV'tcxl !l-€acx a'ttl ACXYOVlCXou ... 'H xtlSe rou 61tA~, x<xSw~ 1tcx'ttlel r a't~ YTJ, 1tltlVel 'to xwpo 1tOU SiAel EVCX X01ttlOl eX1tOXCAlCX 1tPO~cx'tcx, XCXl Xtl'tw cX1tO 't~v xcx!l-tlpCX xtlSe rou 61tATJ~ !l-1tOpOUV Vtl XlVOUV'tCXl X£AlOl XCX~CXAtlpTjoe~. "Oco yltl 't' CXU'tltl rou axe1ttl~ouv !l-i 't~ aXltl 'tou~ 'to Mcx~cxV'teptlv (~opelcx ~1tCXPXlCX'tTJ~ I1epalcx~). T6 x€pcx'to rou etVCXl x.puao XCXl XOUcpLO Xl cpu'tpwaet 1ttlVW rou X(AtCX xAcxMxtcx. M' cxu'to 'to x€pCX'to Stl <pipel Xtl'tw XCXl Stl otcxaxOp1ttael oAe~ 'tt~ 1tCXvoupyte~ 'tWV &!l-CXP'tWAWV.

!l-Tjvi~ cxu'ta~ a'tijv I1epabtOATj,

exouv

To xex.pl!l-1ttlpt ma'teue'tcxl O'tl dVCXl 'ttl 1tEPt't'tw!l-cx'tcx 'tou 'tpl1tOOOU ycxi.'Mpou. 1:'t~ !l-USOAOYlCX'tou Mcxaocxi.'a!l-0u, .0 eXycxSoepyo cxu't6 .ipcx~ etVCXl EVCX~eX1t' 'tou~ ~OTjSou~ 'tou 36

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VLtX. "Exouv ~mXE.Lp~crE.L vii owcrouv nOME~ EP[.L'YjVE.lE.~yLIi "t~v npoEAwcr~ "t'Yj~. MLIi &n' tXthE~ unocr"t'Yjpl~E.L O"tL xlino"tE. "tli "tupLIi nou nouAoucrtXV cr"tO TcrE.crliLP dXtXv "to crxiJ[.LtX "tou XE.<:ptXAtOU [.Lt&~ XtX[.LOye.A(X(j"tiJ~ yli"ttX~. MLIi (tAA'Yj, O"tt "to TcrE.crliLP ~"ttXV [.LLIi xwPtX ~ [.LLIi xO[.L'Yj"teltX onou ~oucrtXV Ot iltXAtXOlVOL, XL O"tL tXth~ &XpL~W~ Tj E.UYE.VLX~ xtX"ttXywy~ ExtXVE. "tl~ yli"tE.~ vii E.uf:lU[.LOUV. MLIi (tAA'Yj, ho[.L'Yj, AEE.L O"tL cr"tli XPOVLtX "tOU PLXlipOOU "tOU I" ~oucrE. EVtX~ <:pUAtXXtX~XUv'Yjyo"tonwv, "tOV EAE.ytXV KIi"tE.pALVyX, nou crUV~f:lL~E. vii XtX[.LoyE.AliE.L XtXLPEJCtXXtX O"ttXv ~PX0"ttXv crE cruyxpoucr'Yj [.LE AtXf:lpOXt.>V'YjyOU~. '0 AOUL~ KlipOA, cr"t~V ~.u"17 OT1 Xiboa nov eavflaTWV, nou ~~EowcrE. "to 1865, npOtxLcrE. "t~ rli"ttX "tou TcscrliLp [.LE "t~v txtXvo"t'Yj"ttX vii ~~tX<:PtXVt~E."ttXLcrLyli crLyli, &<:p~vovtco; [.Lovo cr"t~ 9Ecr'Yj "t'Yj~ "to XtX[.LoyE.AO "t'Yj~, xwPt~ 06V"tLtX XtXt xwp(~ cr"to[.LtX. nli "t(~ yli"tE.~ "tOU KLAXEVVU AEyE."ttXL O"tL xlino"tE. "tcrtXxwf:l'YjxtXv [.LE [.LtXVltX XtXt xtX"t(X(jnliptX~tXv Tj [.LLIi "t~v ClAA'Yj, XWPl~ v' &<:p~aouv "'Clno"ttX n(ow roue, ~x"to~ &n' "t(~ OUpE~ "tOU~. AU"t~ Tj to"top(tX &VliyE."ttXL cr"to O€XtX"to oyooo tXlwvtX.

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38

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~pwtOE.~ 'tou flu(ha't0p~flex.'to~ 'tou OEXex.'tOU oyooou ex.twvex.. Mla~ yuVex.lXex. Xex.l flla~ 7tOUA( ~ - 07tW~ ~ypex.~E. 6 M7tp6:0UVlVYX yl6: 't~v 7tE.Oex.flEVl1yuVex.lXex. 'tou 'EAl~ex.fl7tE.O M7t6:pp~'t - flla~ &yyE.AO~ xex.( flla~ 7tOUA(~ fl7topd V~ OcVOlyE.l 't6: fl7tp6:'taex. 't11~ x6:voV't6:~ 'tex. Cfmp6:~ EVw ~vex. flE.'tex.~EVLOqnEpwflex. aXE.7t6:~E.l 'to aWflex. 't11~. MEVE.l a~ ~vex. vl1al Xex.flivo x6:7tOU a't(~ 06:A(X.(jaE.~ 'tij~ ,AV'tex.pX'tlxij~ xex.( 't~v Ocvex.x6:AU~E. 6 I1ijup OU(AxtV~~ ~vex.~ vex.uex.yo~~ 7tOU 'tijv 7tex.v'tPE.u'tl1XE.. 'H f'touyouwpxl1 E.iVex.l fll6: gawry (~ l7t't6:flE.Vl1 yuVex.lxex.) Xl OcV~XE.l aE fll6: CPUA~ l7t't6:flE.VWV OcvOpW7tWV~ yvwa'twv w~ glumms. 0 OU(AXLV~ 'tou~ 7tpoal1Au'tt~E.l a'to Xpla'ttex.vlaflo xt ua'tE.pex. Oc7t~'to 06:vex.'to 'tij~ yuvex.txex.~ rou Xex.'tex.cpEPVE.lv6: yuplaE.l 7tlaW a't~v 'An Alex.. T~v ta'toplex. 'tij~ 7tex.p6:~E.vl1~ ex.u'tij~ Ocy6:7tl1~ fl7tOPOUflE. v6: '!ij otex.p6:aouflE. a'!o fluOta'toPl1flex. 'tou POfl7tE.P't I16:A'tOX

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40

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~' [V(X ~l~AtO, 1tOU 'to EXe.l E,fJ-1tVe.Uae.l j 1i1te.lplJ aOcpL(x, i 'tL1tO't(XeX1tOAU'tW~oEv e.lV(xl'tUX(xLO, OU'te. 0 eXPlOflo~ 'tWV AE~e.wv, ou'te. eXXOfllJxt ij OleX't(X~lJ'tWV YP(XflfleX'tWV rou. Au'to 1tla'te.u(Xv ot K(x~~(xAla'ti~, 1tOU eXcplipwa(Xv 'tij ax€cplJ 'tOU~ a'to EPYO 'tij~ x(x't(Xfli'tPlJalJ~, 'tOU auvou(Xaflou X(xl 'tij~ fle.'t(XAA(XYii~'tWV YP(XfJ-fleX'twV'tWV rp(Xcpwv, cpAoytafJ-EvOl eX1t' 'tijv E1tlOUfll(x veX Ol(X1te.peXaouv 'teX flUO''tlXeX 'toG Be.oG. '0 ~eXV'tlJ~ Ot(x'tU1twO'e. 'tijv &1toCPlJ (ht xOcOe.1t(xpOcYP(xcpo~ 'tij~ B(~AOU EXe.t 'te.'tP(X1tAO VOlJfl(X: 'to x(x'tOc AE~lJ, 'to eXAAlJyoptXO, 'to Tj9txo X(xl 'to 1tVE.Ufl(X'ttxo. '0 'IweXvvlJ~ ~xw'to~ 'EplyivlJ~, 1tlO xoV'teX O''tijv eXV'tlAlJCPlJ'tOU 9e.tou, dXe. ijOlJ 1te.t O'tl 'teX voijfJ-(X't(x 'tWV rp(Xcpwv e.{V(xl &1te.lP(X, O'eXv'tt~ ~1toxpwae.l~ 'tii~ oup&~ 'toG 1t(xywvLOG. 01 K(x~~(xAlO''t€~ e.tX(XV oe.X9d (Xu'tijv 'tijv &1t0CPlJ. "Ev(X eX1t' 'tOc flUO''tlXeX, 1tOU YUPE.U(xvveX~poGv eX1t' 'tij Bi~AO, ~'t(xv 'to 1tW~ veXOlJflLOUpyijaouv ~wV't(XveXOV't(X. rleX 'tou~ o(Xiflove.~ EAe.y(XVO'tt fL1tOpouo(Xv veXCP'tleX~OUV npeXo'tl(x, oYXWOlJ ~w(X, 01tW~ e.lv(xl ij X(XflijA(x , eXAAeX~'t(xv eXViX(xVOl veX OlJflLOupyijaouv lCeX'tl e.u9p(XuO''to X(xl V'te.AlXOc'tO. '0 p(XPivo~ 'EAt€~e.p OEV 1tO:P(xoe.x0't(Xv (hl e.{X(Xv'tijv tx(xvo'tlJ't(x veXx(x't(XO'xE.UeXaouv lCeX'tl fllXpO'te.po eX1tOxoxxo Xpt9(XpLOU. «rxoAe.fl» ~'t(xv 't' OVDfJ-(X 1tOU Eowa(Xv O''tov &v9pw1to 1tOU OlJfJ-loupyij9lJxe. eX1tOGUVou(Xaflou~ YP(XflfleX'twv. 'H A€~lJ alJfl(Xtve.l O''tijv XUpLOA~~i(X 'tlJ~ O'~WAO~ eX1tOXWfl(X, &floPIjlO~ xwpi~ ~wij. ~'to T(xAfloUO (~(XvXe.V'tpiv, 65 P) Bl(X~eX~oufle.:
41

"Av otxatOt emeu(.Loucrav va qma~ouv Evav x6cr(.Lo~ ea 'to (.L1topoucrav. '0 Pa(.L1ta~ooxt(.La~oV'ta~ otaq)Opou~ cruvouacrp.ou~ ypap.p.a'twv 'tW\I &\ld1tw'tw\I ovo(.La'tw\I 'tou eE.OU~ xa'ta<pepe \la 0TJp.tOUpyijcreL E\laV &vSpW1tO~ 1tOU 'tov ecrteLAe cr'to pa~(\lo ZTJpa. '0 pa~(vo~ ZTJpa 'tOU p.tATJcre~ &AAIi~ xaew~ M\I 1tijpe &1tIi\l'tTJcrTJ~€.t1te: .. ErcraL OTJ(.LLoUpYTJ(.La (.Layda~~ yupLcre 1ttcrw cr'tij crXO\lTJcou". '0 pa~t\lo~ Xa\lwli XL 6 pa~(\lo~ 'HO'ara~~ OUO O'o<pot~ mp\louO'a\l xliee 1tapa(.Lo\lij tOU ~a~~a'tou (.LeAe'tw\l'ta~ 'to BL~A(O 'tij~ rev€crew~~ (.LE'tij ~oijeeLa 'tou 61totou OTJ(.LtOuplTJcrav Eva (.LocrXapL 'tPLW\I xpO\lWV~ 1tOU 'to XPTJcrL(.L01totTJcravyta 'tt~ &vayxe~ 'tou yeup.ato~. '0 ~o1te\lxliouep, cr'tO ~L~AtO tOU neef r:ij~ Bov).,1aew~ ar:1 ([Jvar;, ypa<peL (xe<p. 7): «O''tij creAtOa 325 tau 1tpWtOU to(.Lou tij~ Zauberbibliotek (MaYLxij BL~ALOeijXTJ) 6 X6pO''t cruvo~(~eL ta otMY(.Lata tij~ 'An Aloa~ p.ucrtLxlO''tpLa~ T~EW Aijv't w~ e~ij~: "01tOLO~ xat€xeL (.LayLxE~ lxa\lotTJte~ (.L1topeI \Iii e~oucrLIi~eL xal \Iii (.LetaAAa~eL ta ~acr(AeLa tWV p.etIiAAwv~ tWV <pUtWV xat tWV ~wwv~ xatli 'tij SEATJO'ijrou, ~uvmw~~ p.epLXOt P.liyOL oouAeUOvta~ &pP.OVLxa Sa p.1topoucrav va -xlivouv rov xocr(.Lo (.La~ vii yuptcreL O''tijv xatlicr'tacrTJ 'tou TIapaodcrou». 'H <PijflTJ'tou rxoAefl O''tij ~uO'TJ o<peLAe'taL O''to epyo 'tou AuO''tpLaxou cruyypa<pEa rxouO''ta~ M€UPLVYX~ 1tOU cr'to 1tE(.L1t'tOXe<paAaLO 'tij~ <paV'tacr'tLxij~ vou~D,a~ rou Der Golem (1915) ypa<peL: AEye'taL O'tL ~ &pxij 'tou (.LuSou &vliye'taL cr'to oExa'to E~ooflo atwva. ~u(.L<pwva fl€ 'tt~ xa(.L€ve~ xa~~aALO''tt42

xi~ auv'tIX"(i~, EVIX~plX~tVO~ (6 'IouolX~ AOE~ tJ.1tiv M1tE~1XtJ.1tiA) EqmlX~E EVlXv 'tEXV1J'tO &vepW1tO - rov rXOAEtJ. 1tOU 1tpOIXVlXcpiplXtJ.E - "(l&: v&: X'tU1t& 'tt~ XIXtJ.1t&:VE~XlXt v&: X&:VEl OAE~ 'tt~ xo\l'tpOOOUAEli~ 'tij~ auvlX"(w"(ij~. Mv ~'tIXV <ixPl~W~ &vepW1tO~, ~AM EVIXU1tO'tU1tWOE~ tJ.lao-aUvElo1J'tO CPU'tlXO ov. Mi 't~ OUVIXtJ.1Jlvo~ tJ.1X,,(lXOU XlXmou, 1tOU ~plaxo'tlXv x&:'tw ~1t' 't~ "(AwaalX rou XlXt 'tplX~ouaE 't~v ~AEUeEP1J ~a'tplx~ ~VE.p"(EllX 'tou autJ.1tlXv'to~, ~ U1tIXP~1J 1X1h~ ~lXa'tlo'tlXv a't~ ~w~ 'tt~ ~PE~ 'tij~ ~tJ.iplX~. '0 plX~tVO~ ~iXlXaE v&: ~"(&:AEl tJ.l&: VUX'tIX, 1tptv ~1t' 't~ ~PIXOl\l~ 1tpoacux~, 'to x&:m ~1t' 'to a'totJ.1X 'tau rXOAEtJ. XlXt 'to 1tA&:atJ.1X 'to EmIXaE ~tJ.ox, E'tPEXE a'tou~ oxorervou~ opotJ.ou~ 'tij~ auvolxtlX~ XlXt X'tU1tOUaE 01tOLOV E~PlaXE tJ.1tpoa't&: 'tOU, wa1tOU 'to EmIXaE 6 plX~tVo~ XlXt 'tou E~"(IXAE 'to x&:m. T6 1tA&:atJ.1XxwPt~ ~w~ awpl&:a't1JXE a't~ a'tl"(tJ.~. To tJ.0VO 1tOU ~1titJ.ElVE ~1t' 1X1ho dVlXl ~ tJ.lxpoaxomx~ qlLYOUpIX ~1t0 1t1JAO 1tOU tJ.1topd v&: OEt XIXVcl~ O~tJ.EPIX a't~ \lilX auvIXYwy~.
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43

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44

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46

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L'tel EpyCX 'tOU ne.pCcpT}(J.OULOUT}OOU OpCX(J.CX'tla'tij 'tOU O~XCX'tOUoyooou CXlWVCX, ~~V'te.V(J.nopyx, L OlCX~el~OU(J.e. O'tl OL AcxC(J.ove.~, onw~ xt OL "Ane.AOl, ~Axouv 'tTjv XCX'tcxyWyTj 1;OU~ an' 'tTjv av9pwmvT} CPUATjxcxC O€v anO'tE.AOUV XelnOlO ave.~elP'tT}'tO doo~. 'Exst, a'tel (J.~PT} cxthel (J.~ 'tou~ ~elA'tOU~, a'tou~ EPT}(J.OU~xe.pa6'tonou~, a'tel &olcxn~pcxa'tcx MaT}, a'tC~ n6Ae.l~, nou laon~owae. 1j CPW'tlel, a'tel nopve.Lcx xcxC a'tC~ aXO'tE.LV~~ 'tpwyAe.~ o~v cxla9elvoV'tcxl ~~~CXlCXLOlCXhe.pcx e.thuXla(J.~vol, nATjv o(J.w~ a'tov ilCXpeloe.lao Bel ''tcxv &xo(J.cx m6 oua'tuXla(J.~vol. KeXnolcx a'tlY(J.Tj, 'tuXCXtCXn~cp'tE.l neXvw 'tOU~ &n6 CPT}Acl(J.tel &x'tCvcx OUpeXVlOU cpw't6~. nel 'tou~ AcxC(J.ove.~ cxth6 e.iVCXlxeX'tl aeXv XeXCPl(J.O,aeXv xcxcpeXAla(J.cx a'teX pou90uVlCX'tOU~, XeX'tl aeXv ouawoCcx. '0 xcxB~vcx~ 9e.wpe.t 't6v tcxu't6 rou o(J.opcpo, &AAeX nOAAoC EXOUV np6awncx ~wwv 1j <X(J.opcpou~ aeXpxLVou~ oyxou~ a'tTj 9~aT} nou Bel 'npe.ne., xovovtxd, veX 'VCXl't6 np6awn6 'tOU~. "AAAolneXAl e.tVCXlxwpC~ np6awno. Zouv (J.~acx a' ~vcx &(J.Ol~CXtO (J.Cao~xcxC a~ (J.leXxcx'teXa'tcxaT} EvonAT}~ ~Ccx~ Xl <Xva(J.Cyouv dVCXl yleX vel xcx'tcxa'tpwaouv xeXnolcx auvw(J.oaCcx 0 ~VCX~ EVCXV'tCOV 'tOU <xAAOU 1j ylel veX E~oV'tw90uv (J.e.'tcx~u 'tou~. '0 E>e.6~ EXe.l &ncxyope.uae.t a'tou~ av9pwnou~ xcxC a'tou~ 'A n~AOU~ veX Xcxp'toypcxcpTjaouv 'tTjv K6AcxaT}, &AAel ~~pou(J.e. nOl6 e.lvcxl 't6 ye.vlx6 'tT}~ ne.pCypcx(J.(J.cx, ACX(J.~eXvOV'tcx~un6cpT} 't6 &V'tCa'tOlXo tv6~ AcxC(J.ovcx, 0nw~ &Xpl~W~ 't6 ne.pCypcx(J.(J.cx 'tOU ilcxpeXoe.laou &v'tla'tOlxe.t a't6 ne.pCypcx(J.(J.cx iv6~ 'An~AOU. 'H nl6 <x9AlCXxcxC &noxpoua'ttxTj K6ACXaT} ~pCaxe.'tcxl OU'tlXel.
48

Mta otaaravewarJ
"Exw ~va n~plWYo ~wo, dvat flta6 -ya'tl, flta6 Ctpvt. To flou. Mq&AWO'~, 0flwr;, a't& xipta 't& Otx& flou. ilaAto'tE.pa ~~~pv~ nto noAU npor; 't' CtpvC nap& npor; 'to -ya'tl. Twpa ~X~t n&p~t Xt Ctno 't& OUO'to l'Oto. ' Ano 'to -ya'tt ~aa't&~t 'to X~~&At xat 't& vuXta, Ctno 't' CtpVt 'to fl€-YE.6or;xaC 'to oWfla. Ki Ctno 't& OUO ~X~l n&p~l 't& fl&'tla, nou dval Ii-ypla xat 'tpE.flonat~oU'J, 'to 'tpCxwfla, nou dval <xnaAO xal xp€fl~'tal XO)..)..'Yj't&'to O'Wo fla 'tOU, 'ttr; xwY}o~tr;, o'tav xopon'Yjo&~l Xl o'tav n'Yj-yatv~t flOUAWX't&. :=:anAWVE.t o'to nap&6upo, O''to n~pp&~l, xouAOUpl&~~'tal xaC -youp-youpC'E.t. ~&v 'tPE.AO ~E.xUVE.'tal O''to XWp&~l xt E.(Val oX~06v CtMva'to '.1&'to m&OE.lr;. Tpa~L€'tal flaxpl& Ctno 'tl<; -y&'t~r; xal X&V~l'.1&6pflY}a~l o't& npoprx'ta. TC<; vuX't~<; fl€ ~q-y&pl, 1j Ct-yan'Yjfl€v'Yjou pOA'ta ~rval O't& r x~pafl(Qta. Mv flnop~t '.1& vlaoup(O'~l xat O'txal\iE'tal 't& nOl)'tlXta. Mnopd v& x&'ta~t xat v& a'tY}a~t xap'tEpl flt 'tl<; ~p~<; olnAa O''to xO'tE'tat, Ct)..)..&nO'tE 'tou OEV'tou 066'Yj){E. j 1 E.UXalpta '.1& x&VE.t X&'tl xaxo. To 'tPE~W flE -y&A(X. 'An' OA(x, au'to ~a(v~'tat O'tl 'tOU CtpEcrE.t o noAu. MEaa Ctno 't& 06V'tt(X rou, nou dvat 06'.1m 'tla <xpn(xx'tlxoU, pOU~&~l 'to -Y&A(x flE fl~-y&AE.<; pOU~'Yj~l€<;. <l>UcrlX& dV(xl flE.-y&A'Yj n't}rY}olaO'xEoacr'Yj<;-yl& 't& nalol&. 01 WPE.<;en(axE.~Tj<; dV(xl 'to npw£ 'tij<; Kuptaxij<;. K&60flaL fJ.E 'to 'wo O''t& -Y0v(x't(xxal fla'E.UoV'tal -yupw floU 't& naLol& an' OATj 'tY}-YE.l'tovt&.

'xw xA'YjpovoflY}a~t Ctn' 'tov na'tipa

49

epw,ijaet~, a'l~ b1tOle~ XIXVE.VIX~ E. seX !J.1tOpOUae V' tX1tlXV"tijaet: rtlX,( veX O :>1teXpXet!J.0VeXXIX ~VIX,E.'Olo ~WO; rtlX,l eyw x; OXt xeX1toto~ ~AAO~ veX,0 'Xet OtXO ,OU; 'Y1tTjp~e Xt <XAAo,e ,hoto ~wo XlXl 'l seX ywo,lXv <Xv1tE.SlXwe; AlaSeXve,lXt !J.OVIX~teX; rtlX,l Mv exet 1tlXtOteX; I1w~ ,0 AE.Ve; X,A. I10,E. OE.V!J.1tTjXIX a,ov X01tO veXowaw !J.teXtX1teXV"t'Y)a'Y) xt ipxou{llXt veX emoeLxvuw ,0 ~wo !J.0u, XWPl~ 1tOAA€~ ~~'Y)yijaet~. Ka1to,e ,a 1tlXlOla xou~IXAave XIXC ya,e~ (l1X~l,OU~. Mta <XAA'Y) c:popa 1teXAtec:peplXvouo tXpveXXtlX.IllXp' oAe~ 'l~ ~A1t(Qe~ ,OU~ OE.V tXxoAouS'Y)ae xlX{lta aX'Y)vij tXvlX"(Vwpta'Y)~. Ta ~WIX xomoV"tlXv ~pe{l1X (lE ,a ~WWO'Y)(la,llX ,OU~, xt elVlXt OAoc:peXvepoo,t 1tIXPIXOE.X''Y)XIX\I U1tIXP~'Y) ~VIX,OU ,ij\l ,0 <XAAOU,aav O'Y){llOUpy'Y)!J.1X Bwu. ,OU "O'IXV xa6e,lXt a,a yovlX,a {lOU, ou,e c:po~o IXta6ave,lXt ,0 ~wo,ou,e XIX{lteX AlXx,aplX c:puyTj~.I1tO eu,uXta{lE.VO C:PlXlve,lXt O,IXV ,0 m€~w 1tavw (lOU. IllXplX{lE.vet ma,o a,ijv oixoyE.vetlX 1tOU ,0 !J.eyaAwae. Mv U1teXpxet, ~€PlXtlX, XIXVE.VIX a'Y){laOt ~~lXtpe'txTj~ tXc:poalwa'Y)~, tXAAeX cX1tAeX !J.0vo xeXXlXl vet O"t ,au AE.et ,0 yvijato eva,tX,o evo~ ~wOU, 1tOU <XvXt exet a' 01,.0 ,ov xoa{l0 tXvlXpte{l'Y),OU~auyyevel~ ~~ tXlXta,ellX~, OE.Vexet mSlXvw~ ou,e ~VIXV ~~ IXr!J.IX'O~, XlXl eiVlXt auve1tW~ [epij 1) 1tpOa,lXallX 1tOU ~pTjxe aE. !J.a~. MeptxE.~ c:popE.~OE.V {l1tOPW va ~lXa,'Y)X'w XlXl veX {lij yeMaw, O,IXV {lE.,ptyupvaet XlXl {lE.!J.up(~et xt O,IXV ,uAlye,lXl a,eX 1tOOtlX {lou XlXl OE.SE.Aet va (l' tXc:pijaet. XWPl~ veX 'VlXt eUXlXpta''Y){lE.vo, 1tOU eiVlXt ya,1X Xt tXpvl, ~m{lEVet tX1tO,ij\l <XAA'Y) xavet ,0 axUAo. "O'IXV xeX1ton dXIX xlXSijaet XlXl va axec:p'0{l0UVIX, 1tpay{l1X 1tOU !J.1topet veXaU{lPet a,O\l XIXSE.VIX, xt e~Ae1t1X o,t OE.VU1tTjpxe OtE.~OOO~a,eX ~1tlXyyeA{lIX,tXa
50

Tors dVlXt 1tOU !J.0u xeXvouv ouaxbAe~

f1.0U 1tpO~A~f1.a."ta. Xa.t cr€ ocra. E~a.p"tWna.t &1t6 a.th~, xed dxa. Xa."ta.A~~El v' &cp~crw "t~ 1tP~Yf1.a."ta. v~ xUA~crouv cr"t~v ,uX"fj ,ou~, ,6,10 xa.6w~ xa.66f1.0uva. cr,6 owp.~"tl6 f1.0u, cr' w.h~v "t~v Xa."t~cr"tM"fj, cr"t~v XOUVtcr"t~ 1toAu6p6va. f1.€ "t6 ~wo cr"t~ y6va."t~ f1.0u, ~Pl~a. f1.l~ f1.a."tl~ Xl dOa. v~ XUAOUV Mxpua. &1t6 "t~ 'Ep~cr"tla. f1.0Ucr'~Xla. rou. "Apa.yE ~,a.v OlX~ f1.0U ~ "tau ~wou; EiXE a.th~ ij y~"ta. f1.€"t~v ~uX~ &pVLOU "tt~ EUa.lcr6"fjcrtE~ Ev6~ &v6pwmvou ono~; Mv ~xw XA"fjpOVOf1.~crEl xa.t 1tOAA~ 1tP~Yf1.a.,a. &1t6 ,6'.1 1ta."t€pa. p.ou, &AA~ "t6 XA"fjpo06"t"fjf1.a. a.th6 &~t~El v~ "t6 cppOnt~El xa.VEl~. Llla.6€"tEl "t~v t'Ola. &ElXtV"fj"t"fj cpucr"fj xa.t "twv 8u6 ~wwv, xa.t "tij~ y~,a.~ xa.t ,au &pVLOU, 1ta.p~ ,t~ Ola.cpOp€~ "tOU~. N&. Yla."tt 8€v "t6 XWP~El "t6 1tE"tcrt "tau. Ka.f1.l~ cpop~ 1t"fjO~El cr"t~v 1toAu6p6va. 8t1tAa. f1.0u, cr"tEPEWVEl crov <I>f1.0 f1.0u "t~ 1t68la. tnu xa.( XWVEl cr,' a.u,( f1.0u "t~ f1.0ucrou8a. "tau. T6"tE, X~VEt cr~v v~ 6€AEl v~ f1.0u nEt X~"tl, Xl ucr"tEPa., cr~v v~ 6€AEl V~ "t6 Em~E~a.lwcrEl, yUpV~El "t6 XECP~Al "tau 1tp6~ ,~ f1.Epl&' f1.0u, XOl,&'El 1tpOcrEX'lX~ ,6 1tp6crw1t0 f1.0u, yl&. v~ 8Et 1tW~ f1.0u Cp~V"fjXEa.u"t6 1tOU f1.0u '1tE. Kt EyW, yl~ va "tau xeXvw "t6 Xa."t~Pl, xeXvw creXvveX Xa."teXAa.~a. xa.t xouv6:w "to XEcp~Al. TO,E 1t"fjMEl cr"to 1teX"twf1.a. xa.( XOPEUEl &1t0 "t~ Xa.PeX roo. '1crw~ "to f1.a.Xa.Cpl "tOU Xa.cr~1t"fj v~ "t6 &Va.XOUCPl~E, aAA~, f1.leXXlXt "to 'xw XA"fjpOV0f1.~crEl, &pVOUf1.a.l veX,au x&.vw X~"tl "t€"tOLO. "E"tcrl 6~ 1tp€1tEl v~ 1tEptf1.€VEl f1.€XPl v' &cp~crEl "t~v "tEAEU"ta.ta. "tau 1tVO~ CPUcrloAOYlxeX, 1ta.pOAO 1tOU f1.€ XOt't:<XEl XIXAeXXIXAa XIXf1.leXcpoPeX, f1.' avlX ~A€P.f1.a. YEf1.&'"tO&v6pwmV"fj XIX"tIXVO"fjcr"fj, 1tpoxa.Awna.~ f1.E veX xeXvw a.u"to 1tOU oxecp"t6f1.M"tE Xl Ot ou6 f1.a.~.
<I>PANT~ KA<I>KA: Jle(!ty(!acp~ ivac; dywva

51

~€ 1tOAA€~ XWPE.~ aUVtXV'tl€'ttXl 1j lo€tX 'tou ~l1tAOU~ 1tOU 't~V U1t€~tXAtXv ~ 't~v 1tpoxeX.AE.atXv Ot cXV'ttXVtXXAeX.aE.l~'tWV xtX9pE.cp'twv xtXl 'tou VE.pOU~ xtX9w~ XtXl Ot OlOUfJ.0l. EIVtXl1tlfJtXW) cppeX.aE.l~~ 01tW~ 'Evac; rp{}.o~ elvat navta gva~ aAAO~ Eavr6~ 'tou TIu9tX,,(optX ~ 'to 1tAtX'tWVlXO rvw(Jt o' avr6v, veX. 'tl~ ~XE.l EfJ.1tVE.UaE.l 1j lo€tX tXU't~. ~'teX. ,,(E.pfJ.tXVlXeX.0 ~l1tA6~ A€"(E.'ttXl Dopelganger, 1tOU a1JfJ.tXlVE.l «~l1tA6~ 1tE.pl1ttX't1J't~~». ~'t~ ~XW'tltX U1teX.PXE.l 0 fetch *, 1tOU ~PXE.'ttXl veX.1teX.pE.l XeX.1tOlOV XtXl veX.'tov 001JnaE.l a'to 9eX.vtX't0. 'Y1teX.PXE.l~ eXxofJ.tX, xt 1j aXW'ta€~lX1J A€~1J wraith, "(leX.'to cpeX.V'tMfJ.tX, nou A€VE. ~A€1tE.l XeX.1tOW~ Al"(O 1tplV 1tE.9eX.VE.lXtXl 1tOU ~XE.l 't~ OlXleX. 'tOU ~XPl~W~ fJ.opcp~. EIVtXl XtXXO a1JfJ.eX.Ol veX.aUVtXV't& XtXVE.l~ 'tOV EtXU'tO 'tOU. 'H 'tPtX"(lX~ fJ.1ttXAeX.V'ttXTiconderoga 'toU POfJ.1tE.p't AOUl~ ~'t~~E.vaov eXVtXcp€pE.l evtXv 1ttXpOfJ.ow fJ.u90. 'Y 1teX.PXE.l~ eXxofJ.tX~ 0 1ttXpeX.oo~o~ 1tlVtXXtX~ 'tou Poaa€'tl (flwe; uvvavr1Juav rove; eavrovc; rovc;)~01tOU ouo EptXa't€~ auvtXV'touv 'tUXtXltX 'tou~ €tXu'tou~ 'tOU~ a't~ ~oCPE.P~ xtXpOleX. EVO~ Maou~. M1topoufJ.E.~ E1tla'Yj~~ veX.fJ.V1JfJ.ovE.uaoufJ.E. eX1toa1teX.afJ.tX'ttX cX1t' 'to XeX.ou90pv ('H MtXaxtXpeX.'ttX 'toU TufJ.~ou)~ ~1t' 'to N'toa'to"(l€cpaxl~ 'tov ' AAcpp€V't V't€ Muaa€~ rov T~€lfJ.~ ('H E.u9ufJ.1J "(WVleX.)~ 'tov KAeX.la't~ 'tov Tcscrep-

on

* ~. 'to M.: fetch i5w aTjf.tcx(v~~ iplXv'tcxaf.tcx ~ awa(cxr; [LTJvu[Lcx !lcxVIX'tOU, q>lXaflcx. 52

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'tOV ('0 KIX9pE.tp'tTJ~ 'tWV TpE.Awv) Xt CX1t' 'to Xipv (Me(2txa KtviCtxa Wavrauflara). Oi &PXlXlOl Atyu1t"Cwt tpPOVOUOIXV (ht 6 ~t1tA6~, 6 Kti, ~'tIXV 6 1tIXV0!L0lO'tU'ltO~, owaCIX~, XtX1tOlQU, E.iXE. 'to l'Ow 1tE.p1ttX'tTJ!L1X !L' 1X1hov XlXl tpopOUOE. 'ttX t'OtlX pOUXIX. "OXt !L0vo &VOPW1tOl, &AAtX XlXl OWL XlXl OTJpllX, 1tIhpE.~ XlXl MnplX, XlXpE.XAE.~ XlXl !LIXXlXlPtlX, E.iXIXV 'tov OtXO 'tOU~ Ka, 1tOU ~'tIXV &OplX'tOe;. 'E~lXlPE.OTJ &1to'tE.AOUaIXV !LE.ptxoC lE.pE.te;, 1tPOlXt(j!LE.VOl !LE.'t1j yvwoTJ 'tWV 1tE.plXa!Livwv XlXl 'tWV !LE.AAOU!LE.VWV, 1tOU !L1t0POUOIXV xi gPAE.1tIXV 'toue; ~t1tAOU~ 'tWV 9E.wv. 'H i!LtptXvtoTJ E.VO~ ~t1tAOU Oiv ~'tIXV yttX 'tou~ 'EPPlXlOU~ OtWVO~ imxE.(!LE.vOU 9IXvtX'tou. TH'tIXV, &nteE.'tIX, !LttX EVOE.t~TJ 'tOU (ht &1tE.x'tTJOE. XtX1tOW~ 1tpotpTJ'ttXE.~ tXIXVO'tTJ'tE.~. "Erot i~TJyE.t 'to tpIXW0!LE.VO 1X1ho 6 rXE.po0!L ~6AE.!L' MttX to'tOPllX, 1tOU EXE.t XIX'tlXyplXtpE.l o'to TIXA!L0uo, &vlXtpipE.t 't1jv 1tE.pt1tE.'tE.tlX E.VO~ &v9pw1tou, 1tOU &vlX~TJ'twnlXe; 't6 9E.6 auvtXV1:TJaE. rov E.lXu't6 rou, ~'t6 Ot1jYTJ!L1X 'tOU I16E. «OUlAAtlX!L OUlAaWV» 6 .lt1tAO~ dVlXt 1j OUVE.lOTJOTJ'tOU i)pWIX. T6v oxo'tWVE.t XlXl 't6'tE. 1tE.9lXlVE.t Xt 6 t'Ow~. ME. 't6v t'Ow 'tp61t0 6 N't6pt1XV rxpiu a'to !Lu9ta'toPTJ!L1X 'tOU OUtXtAn XlXptpWVE.t 'to 1tOp'tPIXl'tO rou XlXt ~plOXE.t 't6 9tXvlX't0. '0 .lt1tA6~ OE. 1t0l1j!L1X't1X 'tOU rti'rj1:e; dVlXt 6 &AAOe; E.IXU'tOe; !L1Xe;, 6 &V'tCOE'tOe; !L1Xe;, IXU'tOe; 1tOU !Lac; aU!L1tATJPWvEt, lXu't6~ 1t01) oi YlVIX!LE XlXl 1tOU Oi 9tX y(VOU!LE 1t0'tE.. '0 I1AOU'tIXPXo~ &VlXtpE.pEl (ht ot "EAATJVE~ EowalXv 't6 0V0!LIX aAAoc; eavr6c; 0' EVIXV 1tpEOPW't1j XtX1tOWU p()CHAta.

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76

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E vede l' oste e tutta Ia famiglia, E chi a finestre e chi fuor ne Ia via, Tener levati al ciel gli occhi e Ie ciglia, Come I' Ecclisse 0 la Cometa sia. Vede Ia Donna un' alta maraviglia, Che di leggier creduta non saria: Vede passar un gran destriero alato, Che porta in aria un cavalliero armato.
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'W1t'tpO otlho il 'to q;w~ 1tOU AOC!l1W fL~croc cr'to axo't<xol ouo &.1t' (XUtOC'tOC OY"toc 1<X1tTjpE 'to !J.<X'tl'tOU a'to ~'tE.VO 'tou MOC"("(E.A<XYOU fL~ to 1tOAU'tl[LO 1tE'tP<XOl 1tOU A~VE. O'tl ~XOUV XpUc.lnl Ot OP<XXO\l1E.~ fL~aoc (reo XE.~<XAl 'tOU~. Au'toc 't<X E[l.oc{k &.1t' 'tov 'IaCOwpo 'tij~ ~E.~Oj1J~, 1tOU ~XE.l xoc'tocxwpijaE.l a'tl~ 'ErV/loAoy{er:; 'tOU 't<X 1tXPOCXOC'tw: dVOCl 1tapfL~vo &.1t' 10C [l.U(XAOC'tot) OPOCXOV'tOC,&'AAOCOi aXA1Jp(XlVE.l ~'tal (.jan v<x "'(lVE.l 1tE'tP<XOl, ~X'to~ Xl &'.1 XOmi: 'to XE~OCAl &'1tO ~wV't(xvo 'tipa~. Au'to~ E.lV(xl 6 A6"(o~ 1tOU Ot [l.OC"(Olxo~ouv 't<X XE.tpIXAlCt 'tWV opocxoV'twv, 1tOU 1tl<XVOUV EVW XOl!l0UV't(Xl. "Ocot Eivocl &.PXE.'toc 'tOA[l.1JPOl "(lOC v<x 1tE.pl1tA(XvTj90uv a'toc A1J!l~Pl(x 'tWV op(XxoV'twv, aXOp1tl~OU\l x(x't(Xyij~ cr1tOpOU~, 1tOU ~~pvouv U1tVO cr'toc 't~p(x't(x. To'tE., fLOAl~ ~u9la'touv o'to Aij9(Xp,,(0, 'tou~ xo~ouv 't<X XE.~OCAl(x X(xl ~E.Pl~WVOUV &'1tO [L~a(X 'toc 1tE.'tP<XOl(x! Au'to fLa~ 9U[l.l~E.l 'to a(xl~1t1JPlXO tppuvo, 1tOU &'.1 x(xl dVOCl«&aX1J[l.o~ XOCl OTjATj'tijpLO "(E.fL<XtO~, 'to XE.~<XAl rou 1t0AU'tlfLo 1tE.'tpOCOl 'to a'toA(~E.l ... » ("Onwr:; dyamire, II, 1). 'H xoc'toxij xocr[l.1JfLoc'twv &'1tO Kocp~OUV<XXl ~tpE.PVE.1tAOU't'Tj XOCt 't'uXTj. '0 ~E.v't'E.V~pOC1t€poccrE. 1tOAA<X~<xaocvoc XOCt x«XOUXlE.~ XUVTj"(wV'toc~ 'to &.auAA1J1t't'o ocu't'o 1tAOCa[l.oc a'tl~ 0X9E.~ 'tWV 1tO'tOC[l.lWV XOCl a'tl~ ~OU"(XAE.~ 't'ij~ I1ocpoc"(OUOCTj~. I10't~ rou o~v 'to ~pijXE.. M~XPl aij[l.E.poc Oiv ~~pou[l.E. 'tl1tO't' &AAO "(lOC'to 't'~poc~ XOCl'tij [l.ua'tTjplwOTj 1thpoc, 1tOU ~XE.l a'to XE.tp<XAl rou,

83

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'0 I1A(VlO~ (VIII, 21) &VCX'PEp~l X(X1tOUa'ta auvopcx o"n a't(~ n1jyi~ 'tou NdAOU, ~d

&)'PlO 61jp(0, nou AE)'~'tCXlKcx'tc1pA~ncx~, !J.lxp6aw!J.o, pcxpu Xl ap)'o a't(~ xLVijaEl~ 'tou' 'to x~'PaAl 'tOU, 0!J.w~, ~rV~l rooo !J.~)'aAo nou !J.E'to ~6pl !J.nop~l XCX( 't6 pcxa'ta~l' 't6 ~)(~l 1tav'tcx )(CX!J.1jAW!J.EVO ~ocx'P0~' ),lCX't( a't6 <XAAlW~ !J.1topoua~ va ~~ov"twa~l 't6 <xv6pw1tlvO ~too~, 9a ,uta nou Qiy unapX~L XCXYEYCX, ea p.nopoi)cn va 'to nou xOl'ta~~l xcx'ta!J.cx'tcx XCX( va (lijv 1t~6aV~l a'tij a'tlY!J.ij. KCX'tWPA~1tCX~'ta E.AA1jvlxa a1j!J.cx(n,l «cxth6~ 1tOU XOla 'ta~l 1tpO~ 't<i xa'tw». '0 raAAo~ 'Pualo8('P1j~ KUPlE ~P)'CXA~ 'to aU!J.1tEpcx(J!J.CX 0 yxvou * (u1t6 'tij 'P6oponolo ~n(Qpcxa1j O'tl 'tou pcxalA(cr)Wu XCX( 'tij~ yop)'6vcx~) ~xcxv~ 'tou~ <XP)(cx(ou~va ~1tlvoijaouv 'tov KCX'tWPA~1tCX. I1p6~ 't6 'tEAO~ 'tou IletoaupmJ 7:013~ yto» ~ V7:wv{ov, 0 <I>AW!J.1tEpov 1tEpl)'pa'P~l r XCX( 't6v pa~~l va }llAa~l w~ E.~ij~**: !J.cxupo~ POUPCXAO~,!J.E x~'PaAl youpOUV(crLO, nou nE'Pnl w~'tij rij~ XpCX't1j!J.EVOxn6 'tou~ W!J.OU~!J.' EVCXqnA6 ACXl< (l6, !J.CXXpu CX( )(CXAcxp6 X crav &O~lO &V't~po. ElVCXl 1tEcr!J.EVO~ OAO[inpou!J.u'tCX XCX( 'ta n60lCX "tOU )(aVOV'tCXl !J.EcrCX

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cr'tTJV 'tE.pa:cr'tlCX )(O:l't7) rou, CX1tO'tLe; crxA7)p€e; 'tpLx~e;, 1tOU 'tou crXE.1ta:~~l 'to 1tpocrW1tO. «ilcxxue;, fl~AcxlX.0A.ll{6e;, &,,(ptoe;, cr't€XOflCXl eXxcx'ta:1tCXUcr«, flup(~oncxe; x(x'tw eX1t' 'tTJv XOlAla: floU 'tTJ ~€cr'tcx 'tije; Aa:cr1tTJe;. T6 X~cp6t)..l !LOU ~tVcxl roco ~cxpu, 1tOU floU dVCXl <xMvcx'to va: 't6 ~cxcr'taw. T6 XUAa:W yupwS€ flou, crl,,(cxAa: - XCXL[l€ 't(e; crlcxyov~e; fllcrcxvOl,,(fl€v~e;, ~~XOAAW fl€ 'tTJ "(AWcrcrcx floU 'tcX cpcxPflcxx~PcX )(Op'ta:ptCX, 'ta: vO'tlcrfl€vCX <X1t6 'tTJv eXVCX1tVOTJ (.LOU. Mla: cpopa ~cpcxycx 'ta: 1t60lCX flou, o(xwe; vii 't6 xcx'tcxM~w. Kcxv€vcx~, w 'AnWVlE., O€v ~t~k 1to't€ 'ta: fla:'tlCX flou, ~ 0oot 'ta: ~tocxv~ 1t~ea:vcxv~. "Av <lTJxwcrw 'ta: ~A€cpcxpa: floU - 'ta: ~A€cpCXpa: (.Lou -ca: p60LVCX xa,( 'ta: 1tPTJcrfl€vCX - <Xfl€crwe; Sa: 1t~Sa:V~le;».

'0 K€ncxupoe; dVCXl 't6 m6 &pflOVlX6 1tAa:crflcx 'tije; CPCXV'tcxcr'tlXije; ~woAoyLcxe;. «~(flopcpoe;» <X1tOXCXA~l'tCXleX1t' 't6v 'O~LOlO cr't(e; Meraflo(!qJwaeu;, eXv XCX('t6v h~poy~vTJ xcxpcxx'tTJpCX rou fl1tOPOUfl~ dSXOACX va: 't6v 1tCXpcx~A€%ufl~' 't~Lvovcce; va: mcr't€%ufl~ O'tl U1ta:PX~l ~VCX<xpX€'tU1tO 'tOU Ksv'tcxupou cr't6v 1tAcx'twvlx6 x6crflo lO~WV, 01tWe; U1ta:PX~l XCX( 'tOU <XA6you ~ 'tOU <XvSpW1tou. 'H <XVCXXa:AUo/Tj xthou 'tou c <xpX€'tU1tOU xp~la:cr't'TP(.~ cxlwv~e;. Ta: m6 1tCXAla: <xpXCXLXa: flvTjfl~LCX eXVCX1tCXplcr-ccXVOUV YUflv6 eXnpcx, 1tOU cr'tTJ fl€crTj ~vcx rou ~X~l cr't~p~WS~L eXxoflo/cx 't6 crwflcx XCX('t<X.mqLV<X.iv6e; 85

tXMyou. E'tTj BU'tlXTj 1tp6a0<pTJ 'tOU Naou 'tou ~lO~ o'tTjv 'OAU[L1t(CX, Ot Kiv'taupm o'tiXOV'tCXl ~OTJ opfhot o'tli 1tOOla lvo~ tXAOYOU, EVW tX1tOX~t 1tOU 9~ '1tpm~ v' tXPX(~~l 6 ACXl[Lo~ 'tou ~wou, ~p(axou[L~ Eva O:V9pW1tlVO xOp[Ll. at KiV'tcxupOl ~'tcxv tX1tOYOVOl'tOU 'I~(wvcx, lvo~ ~CXOlAl& 't7j~ 8~ooaAla~, Xl lvo~ auvv~cpo\), 1tOU 6 ~lCX~ 'tou Eowa~ 'tTj [LopcpTj 't7j~ 'Hpa~ (~ Juno). Ei [Llli aAATJ 1tCXPCXAACXy1j u1toa'tTJP(~~'tCXl ih~ ~'tcxv YOVOl 'tOU YLOU 'tOU 'A1tOAAWW1., KiV'tcxupou, XCXl't7j~ E'tlA~tCX~. M~1i 'tpl'tTJ 1tCXpcxAAcxyTj U1tOa'tTJP(~~t o't~ ~'tcxv 6 XCXp1tO~'t7j~ ~vwaTJ~ 'tou KiV'tcxupou [Li 't(~ cpopIiB~~ 't7j~ MaYVTJOLa~. (Ai"(~'ta~ O'tl 6 KiV'taupo~ gAxst 'tTjv xcx'tcxywyTj a1t' 'tov Gandharva. E'to ~~BtxO [Lu9o Ot Gandharvas ~'tav EAlioaovE~ 9~0'tTJ'tE~, 1tOU 60TJYoucov 'tli ClAoya 'tou 71AtoU). EU[L1tipavav o'tt o'tav Exavav 'tTjv E[LcplivtoTj 'tOU~ Ot 1tpw'tot Exu9~~ t1t1t~t~, Ot 'EAATJV~~ vO[LtOCXV ~'tav EVcxaW[Lcx [Li 't' &Aoyli 'tOU~, E1tEtOTjTj 'tiiht XYTJ 't7j~ t1t1taaLa~ ~'tav ayvwa'tTJ yt' athou~ xa'tli 'tou~ 6[LTJPtxou~ xpovou~. To i'Oto d1tav~ xaL ytli 'to t1t1tlXO 'twv xa'tax'tTJ'twv 't7j~ N o'tta~ ,A[L~ptx7j~, o'tt 'to 1tipaaav OTJAaoTj ot 'Ivotlivot ytli KiV'taupou~. 'Eva X~L[L~VO1tOU tXvacpipEt 6 TIpTjaxo't Ai~t 'tli E~7j~: "Evcx~ tX1t' 'tou~ xa~aAlipTJo~~ E1t~a~ a1t' 't' &Aoyo roo. at 'IvotlivOl, 1tOU w~ EXElVTJ'tTj a'tty[LTj 1tLo'twav o'tt ~'tav Eva XCXL atho 1tAlio[La, ~Ai1toV'ta~ 'to ~wo vii 1ti'to CP't~t xal va Xwpl~~'tat a'tli OUO, 'tapIiX'tTJxav 'toao 1tOAU wa't~ U1toxwpTJoav xaL 'tpli1tTJxav oi cpuy1j, cpwvli~ov'ta~ 1tpO~ 'tTj [L~ptli 'twv ouV'tp6cpwv 'tou~ o'tt 'to ~wo xo1tTJX~a'tli OUO, EVW cpo~oV'tav [LTj1tW~d'xcxv~ ~pd 'to [Lua'tlxo Xipt 'tou 8wu. E'tTjv tXV'tm~'tTJ1t~PL1t'tWOTJ [L1tOp~t 86

Xcx.( veX. 'Xcx.V a(j)cX~Et OAOUe; "tOUe; Xpta'ttcx.VOUe;.

at "EAA7jVEe;~ OIJ-<.tJ~, tXV'tC9E'tCX IJ-E.'tOUe; 'IvOteX.voue;~ ~'tcx.v ~~otxwu[Livot (J.E. 't' tXA.oycx.· dvcx.t AOt1tOV 1tEptaaO'tEpO rnBcx.vo o'tt 6 KiV'tcx.upo~ ~'tcx.v IJ-teX.~CJ)(EIJ-(J.E.VTj .1ttvoTjaT] 'tou~ E xt OXt aunuaTj~ xcxp1t6~ &yvOtOC~. '0 1tt6 -yvwa't6e; (m' 'toue; fLueou~ IJ-E. KiV'tcx.upou~ EJVOCt (X\ho~ 1tOU AiEt o'tt 1tOAE(J.TjaCXV IJ-E 'tou~ AeX.1tteE~~ fLE'teX.eX1tO xcx.pyeX. ai fLteX.ycx.IJ-'ijAtCX'tEAE'tT]. To xpoca( ~'tcx.v Aot1t6v (J.teX. vicx. tfL1tEtp(cx. yteX. 'toue; KE.v'tocupou~. ~'tT] (J.E.aTj 'tij~ aUVE1J't(cx.aTj~ ~voc~ KiV'tcx\)po~~ axv(1toc a'to IJ-EeUat~ 1tpOapcx.AE 'tT] vU<pTj xcx.(~ &vcx.1toooyup(~oV'tcx~ 'teX.'tpcx.1tE.~tcx.~ EXOCVE'tT]v eXpxTj 'tij~ 1tEptpOTj'tTje; KEV'tOCUpOIJ-(XX(ocC;~ 1tOU E1tpOXEt'tO veX. crxcx.A(aEt cipyonpcx. 6 <PEtOCcx.~~ xeX.1totO~ fLcx.eTj'tT]~ rou crov rrcx.peEVWVIX~ ycyovo~ 1tOU 9&. 'ttfLouaE 6 'OpCOto~ a'to owoixcx.'to ptpA(O 'tWV Mer:aftof!rpwaewv rou XOCl1tOU 9eX. tVE.1tVEE 'to POUfL1tEV~. Ot KiV'tlXupot~ eX<pou vtxTj91Jxcx.v eX1t' 'tou~ AeX.1tt9E~, eXvocyxeX.cr'tTjxcx.v veX. tyXcx.'tcx.AC(~OUV 'tTj E>EOOcx.ACcx..0 'Hpcx.XAij~~ ' crE. fJ.teX.OEU'tEPTj ouveX.V'tTjOTj (J.cx.~('tOUC;, xovn~E v' eX<pcx.V(OEt (J.i 'teX. PiATj rou 'to doo~ 'tWV KEV'tOCUpWV. Ot KiV'tlXupot ~'tcx.v 'teX. OUfJ.POAOC (J.t&~ opytafJ.iv1JC; tX~Eo'tTj~ pcx.ppcx.po'tTj'tcx.e;, 6 XE(pWV, o(J.w~, «0 mo oo<po~ eX1t' 'tou~ KE.V'tcx.upoU~» (1AuiDa, A, 832) ~'tcx.v 6 MOXcx.AO~ 'tou 'AXtAAE.cx. xcx.( 'tou 'AaXA1J1ttou. Tou~ EfJ.oc9E 'tTjv 'tE.XVTj 'tij~ fJ.OUOtxij~, 'tou XUV1Jytou Xcx.l 'tou 1toAifJ.0u, eXAAeX.xcx.( 'tT]v lCX'tPtXTj xcx.( 'tT] XEtpOUpytXT]. '0 XE(pWV ~EXWp(~Et a'to Awoixcx.'to Tpcxyouot 'tij~ K6).aaYjr;, 'to yvwa'to oeX.v 'to «Tp«YOUOt 'tWV KEV'tOCUPWV». at 6~UOEPXEL~ 1tOCpoc't1JPT]aEt~ 'tou MO(J.tAteX.VO a'tT]v EXOOCJ1J 'tij~ Beiae; KW).lwMar;, 'to 1945,
87

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dVlXl EVIXCl1thl, 'to Cl1thl tOU "Ao'Yj, "to't~ ~IvOtt CPUCllXOV~ 'X~t lvlX ClXUAOjl~ CPUAIXXIX' CPUCllXOElVlXl 'to't~ XL 6 ClXUAO~ 1X1ho~ v~ 'VlXl 'tpop.~po~. 'H Geoyovia 'tou 'Holooou 'tou OlV~l 1t~VijV't1X X~cp~AllX. rl~ v~ jlVOUV 't~ 1tp<Xj(.J.IX't1X 1tlO tUXOAIX jl~ 'tl~ dXIXCI'tlXi~ ,ixv~~, 6 &.pl6p.o~ Otlho~ p.tXPW~ XlXt 't~ 'tptlX X~CP~AllX 'tou K€p~~pou &1t~lXOvll;oV'tal CI'tl~ p.ip~~ P.IX~ CI'tcXP.V'YjP.ElIX.'0 BlPjlAlO~ (.J.lA~~l jl~ 'tou~ 'tP~l~ AlXlP.OU~ rou, 6 'O~COw~ il~ 'to 'tpl1tAO j~pjlap.lX. '0 M1t&'tA~p Clujxplv~l 'tilv 'tl&plX p..i 'tl~ 'tP<.l~ xop6v€.~ 'tou 1t~1tIX, 1t01J 6~wpd'tlXl 6 6upwp6~ ,ou rrlXp~OtlCloU, p.€ t~ tpLIX X€.cp&AllX'tou ClXUAOU1tOU dVlXl 1top'tlip'Yj~ 'tij~ KOAlXa'Yj~ (Hudihras, IV, 2). '0 ~~V't'Yj~ "tou MVtlCl~ &v6pw1tlvlX XIXPIXX"t'YjPlCl'tlX&1tOU EXIXVIXV'tijv U1tlXp~ij rou &x6p.1X mo OllX~OAlXij: P.l~ 1tpOCl'tUX'YJP.IXUp'Yj j~V~l~OIX XlXl X€pllX p.€ VUXllXjlXP.~~' 1tOU ~~ClXLl;ouv 'tl~ &',19pw1tlv~~ <puX€~ x~'tw &1t0 P.l~ ~poxij 1tOU P.IXCI'tljWV~l. 6.lXjXWV€.l, ,lXp,tl;€.l XlXt O€.tXV€.l 't~ 06v'tllX -cou, '0 't~AW'tlXlO~ &9AO~ 'tou 'HpIXXAij ~'tIXV 1tOU &V€~IXCI~ 'tov K€p~~po CI'tO cpw~ 'tij~ P.€plX~ (("EClup~ e~w 'tov Kip~~po, 'to ClXUAO'tij~ KOAIXCI'YJ~»,,p~CP~l 6 TClwCl~p CI't6 Mv(Jo 7:0V KaMyt:(!ov}. '0 ZIXXIXPLIX~rxp€u, EVIX~"ATIAO~ au,,PlXcp€lX~ 'tou O€XIX'tOU IXlWVIX,CI' EVIXrou ClXOAW, ,l~ 'to epHudibras, lpP.'YJV~U€'l w~ €~ij~ 'tov &9AO: A\ho~ 6 ClXUAO~ [li 't~ 'tpLIX X~CP~AllX ClUP.~OAtl;~l 'to 1t1Xp~A60v, 'to 1tlXpOV XlXt 'to xpovo 1tOU ePX~'tlXl. ~U)..)..IXP.~&89

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VEL XCX(XCX'tCX~pOXa(~El OACX'tex 1tfl&Y[l<X'tOC, ~'tal 01t(.u~ El'0 'HflIXX).:i1~ XCX'tCX~&AO\l'tCX~ 'tOV KEP~EpO IX1tOXCXAU1t'tEl on Ot ijpWlXE~ 1tp&~El~ VlXIXVE 1t&V'tCX 'to xpOVO, Yl(X't( ~OUV o'tij [lvij[lTj 'tWV [lE'tOCYEVE.O'tEPWV».
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'EA6:XlO't1X OtlXCPEPEl ij XtvE~lXTj IXAE1tOt> <X1t0 't(~ &AAE~ IXAE1tOUOE~, crU[lCPWVIX [lE 't~ OUVTjOlO[lE\lTj ~WOAOY(IX' OE. crU[l~IX(VEt, o[lw~, 'to t'Ow cr't~ CPIXV'tlXcr'tlXij ~WOAOY(IX. at 90

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Komisita
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98

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'0 K'tTJO'ltX~, "(ttX'tp6~ 'tou 'Ap'ttX~EP~TJ 'tou Mv1j[1.ovo~, 1:0V 1:i'ttXp'to rc.X, tXlWVtX, xpTJO'l[1.0nOtTJO'e nePO'lX€~ nTJ"(i~ 99

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100

L·tl~ X1JALOt:.~'tij~ od~v1J~ Ot "AyyAol monuouv O'tl ~t:.xwp(~ouv P.leXV &'V9PW1tLV1J (J-0pql~. L't6 "OV6t(!O (J6(!tVij<; vm{T6~ U1tOCpXOUV (1)0 ~ 'tPt:.l~ &.vtXqlop€~ 0't6v «&v9pw1to o't6 qlt:.l",(eXPl». '0 ~1l(~7t1JP [LVTj(J-OVt:.Ut:.lt6 Ot:.(J-eX'tlrou ~ 't6 ' 9eX(J-vo (J-i 't' &'YXeX9lll. ~'t6 206 'tptXYOUOl 'tij~ K6/..aar;~, 0 LleXV'tTj~ t:.lXE ~oTj (J-lATJOEl "'(l<X't6v KeXLVXtXl Yl' tXtheX 't' &'YXeX9ltX. T6 crX6ALO 'tOU TO(J-eX~o KtX~lvl &.VtXql€pt:.l 't6v 'tOOXtXvlx6 (J-u9o, OU(J-qlWVIl p.€ 'tov 01tOlO 0 KUpLO~ i~6plOt:. 't6v KeXLV 0't6 qlt:."(yeXpl, XIX'ttXOlXeX~OV'teX~rov veX (J-t:.'ttXql€pt:.l ~vtX Ot:.(J-eX'tl cXYX<x9ltX IXlWVltX. "AMOl t:.lOtXV o't6 qlt:.yy<XPl 't~v 'Ay(tX O{XOY€Vt:.llX. '0 Aw1t6AOO~ Aouyx6vt:.~ ~yPtX~t:. 0't6 «Lunario Sentimental» rou: Y esta todo: la Virgen con el nino; al flanco, San Jose (algunos tienen la buena fortuna De ver su vara); y el buen burrito blanco Trota que trota los campos de la luna. [Kl Ext:.l t:.lVtXl OAtX: Tj I1tXp9€vo~, 't6 ~p€qlo~, o't6 1tAwp6 'tTj~ 0 'IwoTJql ((J-t:.plXOl dVtXl &.pxt:.'teX 'tuXt:.po( wo'tt:. veX ~A€1tOUV 'tTJ peX~oo 'tOU), Xl 0 xtXA6~ &01tpO~ ytXi.OtXpeXxo~, 1tOU 'tp€Xt:.l XtXl 'tp€Xt:.l o'tou~ xeX(J-1tOU~ 'tOU qlt:.yytXp lOU] .

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101

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