This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Chevrolet (pronounced / vr le /), also known as Chevy (pronounced / vi/), is a brand of vehicle produced by General Motors Company (GM). Founded by Louis Chevrolet and ousted GM founder William C. Durant on November 8, 1911, Chevrolet was acquired by General Motors in 1917. Chevrolet was positioned by Alfred Sloan to sell a lineup of mainstream vehicles to directly compete against Henry Ford's Model T in the 1920s, with "Chevrolet" or "Chevy" being at times synonymous with GM. In North America, Chevrolet offers a full range of automobiles, from subcompact cars to medium-duty commercial trucks. On November 8, 1911 racecar driver and automotive engineerLouis Chevrolet cofounded the Chevrolet Motor Car Company with William C. Durant (ousted founder of General Motors) and investment partners William Little (maker of the Little automobile) and Dr. Edwin R. Campbell (son-in-law of Durant). Durant from the management of GM in 1910. Durant took over the Flint Wagon Works, incorporating both the Mason and Little companies. As head of Buick Motor Company, prior to founding GM, Durant had hired Louis Chevrolet to drive Buicks in promotional races. Durant wanted to use Chevrolet's name as a racer to rebuild his own reputation. Actual design work for the first Chevy, the costly Series C Classic Six was drawn up by Etienne Planche, following the instructions of his old friend Louis. The first C prototype was ready months before Chevrolet was actually incorporated. Chevrolet first used its "Bowtie emblem" logo in 1913. It is said to have been designed from wallpaper Durant once saw in a French hotel. More recent research by historian Ken  Kaufmann presents a compelling case that the logo is based upon a logo for "Coalettes". Others claim that the design was a stylized Swiss cross, in honor of the homeland of Chevrolet's parents.
Chevrolet logo, ca. 1943
Loui C ol t i it urant over desi n and in 1915 sold Durant his share in the company. By 1916, Chevrolet was profitable enough to allow Durant to repurchase a majority of shares in GM. After the deal was completed in 1917, Durant was president of General Motors, and Chevrolet was merged into GM, becoming a separate division. In 1917 Chevrolet factories were located at New York City; Tarrytown, N.Y.; Flint, Michigan; Toledo, Ohio; St. Louis, Missouri; Oakland, California; Fort Worth, Texas, and Oshawa, Ontario.  In the 1918 model year, Chevrolet introduced the Model D, a V8-powered model in four-passenger roadster and five-passenger tourer models. It also started production of an overhead valve in-line six. Most cars of the era had only low compression flat head engines. These cars had 288in3 55 hp (41 kW) engines with Zenith carburetors and three-speed transmissions. Chevrolet continued into the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s competing with the Ford brand, and after the fairly new Chrysler Corporation formed Plymouth in 1928, Plymouth, Ford, and Chevrolet were known as the "Low-priced three"
 China In 2009, China became Chevrolet s third largest market, with sales of 332,774 vehicles, behind only the United States and Brazil (1,344,629 and 595,500 vehicles respectively).  India Main article: C evrolet Sales India Private Limited Chevrolet is among the newest brands in India launched by GM s India operations. Until June 6, 2003 (the official birthday of Chevrolet), GM India (which was originally a joint venture with Hindustan Motors) sold the Opel Corsa, Opel Astra, and the Opel Vectra. The Corsa and Astra were built at a plant in Halol, Gujarat. Since then, Chevrolet currently sells the Chevrolet Cruze, Chevrolet Spark, Chevrolet Optra, Chevrolet Aveo, Chevrolet Tavera, Chevrolet Captiva, Chevrolet SRV , Chevrolet Beat and Chevrolet Aveo U-VA. The Chevrolet Forester, a rebadged Subaru, was imported directly from Fuji Heavy Industries in Japan until 2005. The Optra and Tavera are built at the Halol plant. The Chevrolet launched in India the Chevrolet Captiva SUV. The latest models launched by Chevrolet is the Chevrolet Beat & the Chevrolet Cruze. Chevrolet also is the sole Engine supplier for the Formula Rolon single seater series in India.
Chevy Ridin' High Featuring Rick Ross Ice Cream Paint Job. a song by Prince (musician) from the album 1999 (album) Listen to the Heartbeat of America (1986±1992) Like a Rock (1991±2004) This is Our Country (2006±present) American Pie . in Your Chevrolet (1950s-1960s) Putting you first keeps us first (1960s) It's Exciting! (mid 1960s) Building a better way to see the USA (early 1970s) Baseball.S.Young Jeezy (2010) Peanut Better And Jelly .Dorrough  Taglines y y y y y y y y y The cars more Americans can depend on (1991) The trucks that last (1991) The trucks you can depend on.A. Flag and Eagle (1985±1987) . the trucks that last (1992) The most dependable.Sammy Johns My Camaro . in Your Chevrolet (1950s-1960s). sung by Dinah Shore as the theme song to The Dinah Shore Chevy Show.A. Songs y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y "Chevy Volt and Me" See the U. Apple Pie & Chevrolet (mid 1970s) Good things are happening at Chevrolet (early 1980s) USA-1 Taking Charge (1983) Today's Chevrolet (mid 1980s) The Heartbeat of America (1987±1994) Rock.S. longest lasting trucks on the road (1993. Hotdogs.Don McLean Stingwray. 409 (1962) The Beach Boys Shut Down (1963) The Beach Boys My Stingray-SS 396 (1965) Paul Revere and The Raiders Crocodile Rock (1972) Elton John Little Red Corvette (1982).Static-X Z28 .Cadillac Don Ft J Money Dre .Static-X Chevy Van .1995±present) This is our Country(1994) Like a Rock The Heartbeat of America May the Best Car Win (2009±2010) Excellence for Everyone (2010±present)  Slogans y y y y y y y y y y See the U.
and True (1996±2004 Canada) We'll Be There (2001±2004 United States) Like a Rock (1991±2004. 1994-1996 Canada) Tried.y y y y y y y y y y y y Genuine Chevrolet (1994-2001 United States. Canada) May the Best Car Win (2009±2010. Chevrolet Trucks) America's Best Trucks (2007±present. Chevrolet Trucks) Let's Go (2007±2009. Chevrolet Trucks) Featuring the Bob Seger song of the same name An American Revolution (2003±2009) For All Life's Roads (2004±2006. United States & Canada) Excellence for Everyone (2010±present) Chevrolet Runs Deep (2010±present) . My Truck (2006±2007. Tested. Canada) Our Country.
and Israel by General Motors Company (GM). Whiting (1842±1919) . Early years Buick is currently the oldest American automobile manufacturer. and among the oldest automobile brands in the world. Mexico. Taiwan. 1903. It is GM's North American-based entry-level luxury brand. Buick sold his stock for a small sum upon departure. and was later incorporated as the Buick Motor Company on May 19. Durant in 1904 to manage his new acquisition.Buick k/) is a division of General Motors which sells vehicles in the Buick (pronounced / bju United States. . Buick holds the distinction as the oldest American make. Vauxhall & Holden are sold. Canada. byScottish born David Dunbar Buick in Detroit. and died in modest circumstances twenty -five years later. China. who moved it to his hometown of Flint. Later that year. the struggling company was taken over by James H. Michigan. It is not sold in countries where Opel. It originated as the Buick Auto-Vim and Power Company in 1899. Michigan. and brought in William C. an independent internal combustion engine and motor car manufacturer.
named the company after his ancestor. at the dawn of the twentieth century. . around the time of his marriage in Quebec. This is also the inspiration for the company¶s crest. the clashless manual transmission and the steel roof. this spawned the firm's slo "Standard of gan the World". Cadillac was born in 1902. Since GM has discontinued offering Oldsmobile.having successfully demonstrated the interchangeability of its component parts during a reliability test in 1908. Buick has the distinction as the oldest American make. Cadillac vehicles are sold in over 50 countries and territories. Cadillac is arguably older than Buick. the founder of Detroit. but mainly in North America. Cadillac is the first American car to win the prestigious Dewar Trophy from the Royal Automobile Club of England . Cadillac is currently the second oldest American automobile manufacturer behind Buick and among the oldest automobile brands in the world. Cadillac pioneered many accessories in automobiles. The brand developed th ree engines. Its founder. Depending on how one chooses to measure. in 1687 (there is no ancient "Cadillac" family or coat of arms in France).Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac. in 1912. Cadillac laid the foundation for the modern mass production of automobiles by demonstrating the complete interchangeability of its precision parts. also establishing itself as America's premier luxury car. for incorporating electric starting and lighting in a production automobile. It was purchased in 1909 by General Motors and within six years. including full electrical systems. is a luxury vehicle marque owned by General Motors. a master mechanic and entrepreneur. Henry Leland. It won that trophy a second time. born Antoine Laumet. which is based on a coat of arms "created" by Detroit's founder. one of which (the V8 engine) set the standard for the American automotive industry.Cadillac (pronounced / kæd læk/.
ignition. Utilization of interchangeable parts was an important innovation in 1908. Sieur de Cadillac. and lighting. ambulances. Cadillac became General Motors' prestige division.  Contributions to the automotive industry 1921 Logo From its earliest years Cadillac aimed for precision engineering and stylish luxury finish. The Cadillac automobile was named after the 17th-century French explorer Antoine Laumet de la Mothe. The Cadillac line was also GM's default marque for "commercial chassis" institutional vehicles. Leland of Leland & Faulconer Manufacturing Company to appraise the plant and equipment before selling them. Cadillac does not produce any such vehicles in their factory. Leland & e  Faulconer Manufacturing and the Cadillac Automobile Company merged in 1905.Cadillac was formed from the remnants of the Henry Ford Company when Henry Ford departed along with several of his key partners and the company was dissolved. Instead. hearses and funeral home flower cars.350 of the carswere supplied for use in France by officers of the American Expeditionary Force during World War I. In July 1917. and on 22 August 1902 the company reformed as the Cadillac Automobil Company. 2. the last three of which were custom-built by aftermarket manufacturers.  General Motors Cadillac was purchased by the General Motors (GM) conglomerate in 1909. . the United States Army needed a dependable staff car and chose the Cadillac Type 55 Touring Model after exhaustive tests on the Mexican border. Cadillac was the first volume manufacturer of a fully enclosed cab in 1910. Ford's financial backers William Murphy and Lemuel Bowen called in engineer Henry M. causing its cars to be ranked amongst the finest in the US. Leland persuaded them to continue the automobile business using Leland's proven single-cylinder engine. With the intent of liquidating the firm's assets. and in 1912 was first to incorporate an electrical system enabling starting. who founded Detroit in 1701. such as limousines. The company after Henry Ford left needed a new name. devoted to the production of large luxury vehicles.
Syracuse Post-Standard. Automobile stylist Harley Earl. silky smoothness and quietness. powerful."Style. 1917 . Comfort" . September 30.  Advertisements A 1911 Cadillac Advertisement ."Only the Good Endures" . Sieur de La Salle.Phaeton. Cadillac added cars with V12 and V16 engines to their range. these engines were remarkable at the time for their ability to deliver a combination of high power.Pre-World War II Cadillacs were well-built. mass-produced luxury cars aimed at an upper class market. René Robert Cavelier. 4passenger touring . Utility. In the 1930s. many of which were fitted with custom coach-built bodies. whom Cadillac had recruited in 1926 and who was to head the new Art and Color section starting in January 1928. 1911 A 1917 Cadillac Advertisement . January 31. designed for 1927 a new. smaller "companion marque" car to the Cadillac which he called the La Salle. 1917 A 1919 Cadillac Advertisement . after another French explorer. September 30.Syracuse Herald.Syracuse Herald. That marque remained in production until 1940.
Max Grabowsky established a company called the "Rapid Motor Vehicle Company". military. During the Second World War. In 1909. and SUVs marketed in North America by General Motors Company. The trucks utilized one-cylinder engines. 1901. military vehicles. ahead of Pontiac.000 trucks for use by the U. though GMC's contribution to that total was a mere 372 unit .000 trucks were produced that year. GMC vehicles are also marketed in the Middle East. which developed some of the earliest commercial trucks ever designed. from which GMC Truck was derived. Some 22. a GMC Truck crossed the country from Seattle to New York City in thirty days. GMC Truck produced 600.  History GMC Truck. GMC was GM's second-largestselling vehicle division after Chevrolet. In January 2007. and in 1926. the company was purchased byGeneral Motors to form the basis for the General Motors Truck Company. Another independent manufacturer purchased by GM that same year was Reliance Motor Car Company. from a 1919 advertisement On December 22. Rapid and Reliance were merged in 1911.GMC (Truck) GMC is a manufacturer of trucks. s In 1916. and in 1912 themarque "GMC Truck" was first shown at the New York International Auto Show. a 2-ton GMC truck was driven from New York to San Francisco in five days and 30 minutes. .S. vans.
The Canadian plant (in London. GM renamed it GM Tru and Coa h Division. After purchasing the remaining portion in 1943. . Illinois which was founded by John D. motorhomes. a bus manufacturer based in Chicago. GM purchased a controlling interest in Yellow Coa h. and medium-duty trucks. vans. The Division manufactured interurban coaches until 1980. GMC currently manufactures SUVs. Hertz. light-duty trucks. and transit buses. GMC also produced fire trucks. ambulances.In 1925. heavy-duty trucks. GMC released a book entitled. GM withdrew from the bus and coach market because of increased competition in the late 1970s and 1980s. In the past. GMC: The First 100 Years. military vehicles. a complete history of the company. Transit bus production ended in May 1987. while Motor Coach Industries of Canada purchased the Classic design. Rights to the RTS model were sold to Transportation Manufacturing Corporation. Ontario) produced buses from 1962 until July 1987. In 2002. pickup trucks.
 . The service currently has more than five million subscribers. OnStar services are only available currently on vehicles manufactured by General Motors and Saab Automobile  . A similar service is known as ChevyStar in Latin American markets. Canada and China. in-vehicle security. turn-by-turn navigation. The service is available for all vehicles that have the factory-installed OnStar hardware. hands free calling.OnStar OnStar Cor oration is a subsidiary of General Motors that provides subscription-based communications. and remote diagnostics systems throughout the United States.
Founded in 1992 as AmeriCredit. The company is located in Fort Worth. the company ranked at 768 on the Fortune 1000.GM Financial General Motors Financial Company.and moderate-risk customers in the United States and Canada. Following the approval of the deal by AmeriCredit shareholders on September 29. though the company has become increasingly more stringent over the past few years. General Motors entered into a definitive agreement to acquire AmeriCredit in an all-cash transaction valued at approximately $3. Before its acquisition by GM. is a financial services arm of General Motors. . AmeriCredit's loan paramaters would originally provide financing (at an interest rate of between 10% and 23% APR) to clients with credit scores around 500 who can prove employment and residency. The deal provided GM with a new financial arm to replace the loss of GMAC in 2006.  Acquisition by General Motors In July 2010. GM rebranded the company as GM Financial.5 billion. Texas. GM Financial provides car loans through automobile dealerships to medium. Inc.
Victoria. Holden has offered badge engineered Chevrolet. the declining sales of large cars in Australia has led the company to look to international markets to increase profitability. with the current name adopted in 2005. All Australian-built Holden vehicles are manufactured at Elizabeth in South Australia. based in Port Melbourne. Victoria. production or assembly plants were operated in all mainlandstates of Australia. The consolidation of car production at Elizabeth was completed in 1988.  History of the company  Early history . and on their behalf. Suzuki. supplemented by imported GM models. Opel and Isuzu-sourced models sold currently. but in the 20th century entered into the automotive field. Nissan. held partial ownership of GM Daewoo in South Korea between 2002 and 2009. and engines are produced at the Fisherman's Bend plant in Port Melbourne. becoming Holden Ltd in 1998.S. Holden has offered a broad range of locally produced vehicles. The company was founded in 1856 as a saddlery manufacturer. with GM's New Zealand subsidiary Holden New Zealand operating a plant until 1990. and Vauxhall Motors models in sharing arrangements. with Daewoo. Although Holden's involvement in exports has fluctuated since the 1950s. becoming a subsidiary of the U.-based General Motors (GM) in 1931. Toyota. Holden has taken charge of GM's vehicle operations in Australasia. the company was named General MotorsHolden's Ltd.Holden GM Holden Ltd is an automaker that operates in Australia. After the GM takeover. Historically. but some assembly operations continued at Dandenong until 1996.
Victoria. Holden's Motor Body Builders Ltd (HMBB) specialising in car bodies and utilising a facility on King Wiliam Street in Adelaide. from 34. The company began to produce complete motorcycle sidecar bodies in 1913.A. In 1926 General Motors (Australia) was established with assembly plants at Newstead. South Australia plant. joined the firm in 1905 with an interest in automobiles.000 units annually in 1930 to just 1.In 1852. a saddlery business in Adelaide. plant was completed. From 1924. Holden & Co. Western Australia utilizing bodies produced by Holden Motor Body Builders and imported complete knock down (CKD) chassis. Queensland. James' grandson. City Road.  By 1923. and Edward experimented with fitting bodies to different types of carriages.A. J. Marrickville. Holden founded a new company in 1919. HMBB were producing 12. These bodies were made to suit a number of chassis imported from manufacturers such as Chevrolet and Dodge. Holden and Frost moved into the business of minor repairs to car upholstery. England and in 1856 established J. James Alexander Holden emigrated to South Australia from Walsall. in 1908.000 units per year. Edward Holden. Birkenhead.651 units one year later. In 1931 General Motors purchased Holden Motor Body Builders and merged it with General Motors (Australia) Pty Ltd to form General Motors-Holden's Ltd (GM-H). After 1917. with manufacturing taking place at the new Woodville. Holden & Co turned into Holden & Frost Ltd. wartime trade restrictions led the company to start full-scale production of vehicle body shells. HMBB was the first company to assemble bodies for Ford Australia until their Geelong. New South Wales. South Australia. and Cottesloe. Melbourne. the firm evolved through various partnerships and. In 1885 German born Henry Frederick Frost joined the business as a junior partner and J. During this time. . From there. The Great Depression era led to a substantial downturn in production by Holden.A. HMBB became the exclusive supplier of car bodies for GM in Australia.
One billion of that is designated solely for the development of innovative and fuel-saving engines and transmissions. the company was transformed into a GmbH (PLC). Opel has been building automobiles since 1899.Opel Adam Opel AG is a German automobile company founded by Adam Opel in 1862. . and has been a wholly owned subsidiary of General Motors Company since 1929. The company is headquartered at the Adam Opel Haus in Rüsselsheim. and became an AG in 1929. Opel has announced that it will invest around 11 billion Euros in the next five years. In late 2005.
Encouraged by success. Besides. Above all. 1862 by Adam Opel. he was the leader in both markets. History Advertisement for Opel Perfecta-Sewing Machines (1901) The company was founded in Rüsselsheim. his success was based on his perfectly customized sewing machines. Opel just produced sewing machines in a cowshed in Rüsselsheim. At the beginning. At the time of Opel's death in 1895. Therefore. Germany on January 21. Opel's two sons participated in high-wheel bicycle races and thus promoted this means of transportation. also known as penny-farthings. the production of high -wheel bicycles soon exceeded the production of sewing machines. in 1888 the production was relocated from the cowshed to a more spacious building in Rüsselsheim. Adam Opel launched a new product in 1886: He began to sell high-wheel bicycles. . Because of the quick growth of his business. Hesse.
search "General Motors India" redirects here. For other uses. the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation. President and MD Products Automobiles . see General Motors India (disambiguation). General Motors India Private Limited Type Subsidiary Industry Automotive Founded 1995 Headquarters Halol (Registered Office) Gurgaon (Marketing Office) Key people Mr.General Motors India Private Limited From Wikipedia. Karl Slym.
Employees 4. the company opened its technical center operations in Bangalore.  Manufa turing Fa ilities ¢ ¡ www. GM bought out the Hindustan Motors interest in 1999. Tata Motors and Mahindra. owned 50 percent by Hindustan Motors and 50 percent by General Motors. It is the 5th largest automobile manufacturing company in India after Maruti Suzuki. In 2000.co. but ceased its assembly operations in 1954. General Motors announced that it would put its India operation into a 50-50 venture with Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation of China. GM continued with tie-ups with Hindustan Motors to build Bedford trucks. GMIPL began construction of a second vehicle assembly plant in Talagaon in 2006.  History General Motors began doing business in India in 1928. In 2003.000 Parent General Motors y Opel India Private Limited Chevrolet Sales India Private Limited Su sidiaries y We site General Motors India Private Limited is a wholly owned subsidiary of General Motors that is engaged in the automobile business in India.gm. In late 2009. trucks and buses. Hyundai. The technical center operations were expanded to include purchasing and financial support services for General Motors operations located outside of India (2006). In 1994 GMIPL was formed as a joint venture. which included research and development and vehicle engineering activities. when it started production of Chevrolet vehicles at that location. Allison Transmissions and off-road equipment. GMIPL continued to produce Opel cars at the Halol facility until 2003. assembling Chevrolet cars. Vauxhall cars. which began production of Chevrolet vehicles in September 2008. to produce and sell Opel branded vehicles.in . GMIPL moved its headquarters to Gurgaon. vehicle engine and transmission design and engineering (2007) and a vehicle design studio (2007). which is the partner of GM's main venture in China.
GMIPL appoints independently owned dealers to sell. As of August 2008. GMIPL currently has 203 dealerships in 178 cities across India which will be increased to 250 by 2009. Maharastra. GMIPL also sells parts and services to independent vehicle maintenance providers under the AC Delco brand. and regional zone offices in Mumbai. 8. Chevrolet Optra (Launched 2003) Chevrolet Tavera (Launched 2004) Chevrolet Aveo (Launched 2006) Chevrolet Aveo U-VA (Launched 2006) Chevrolet Spark (Launched 2007) Chevrolet Captiva (Launched 2008) Chevrolet Cruze (Launched 2009) Chevrolet Beat (Launched 2010)  Dis ontinued 1.  Vehi le sales. It maintains headquarters in Halol and Gurgaon and a large technical center in Bangalore.  Models  Chevrolet Main article: Chevrolet Sales India Private Limited  Current 1. service and market vehicles that it produces. 3. Gujarat and Talegaon Dabhade. 2.000 vehicles annually.GMIPL operates vehicle manufacturing plants in Halol. servi e and mar eting usiness Like most other automotive companies in India. 5. 4. Its Halol and Talegaon Dabhade Manufacturing Plants have a combined Production Capacity of 385. 7. 6. Kolkata and Chennai. Sri Lanka and Bhutan) from its headquarters in Gurgaon. Chevrolet SRV (2006-200?)  Opel Main article: Opel India Private Limited  Current 1. managed the Chevrolet dealership network (including export dealers located in Nepal. Bangladesh. None  Dis ontinued . Chevrolet Forester (2003-200?) 2.
Opel Astra (1996±2006) Opel Corsa (2000±2006) Opel Vectra (2003±2006) Opel Corsa Swing (2003±2006) Opel Corsa Sail (2003±2006) . 2. 4.1. 5. 3.
Chevrolet. 2010 with the world`s largest IPO. General Motors produces cars and trucks in 31 countries. GM employs 209. Opel. . Cadillac. Vauxhall. General Motors emerged from reorganization and was re-listed on  major stock exchanges on November 18. 2009. with financing partially provided by the US Government. On July 10. Title 11. GM was reorganized by bankruptcy protection under the provisions of Chapter 11. On June 8.General Motors General Motors is an American multinational automaker based in Detroit.000 people in every major region of the world and does business in some 157 countries. Michigan and the world's second largest automaker. security and information services. GMC. and sells and services these vehicles through the following divisions: Buick. With its global headquarters in Detroit. 2009. and Holden. GM's OnStar subsidiary provides vehicle safety. United States Code.
7% 2007 3.645 8.492 30.5 million cars and trucks globally. It employs approximately 266.215. Stephens . and Middle East) y Edward T.4 percent of the market. For additional senior management see GM Senior Leadership Group Whitacre was very active in GM's advertising.688 22. chairman Whitacre was appointed 2005 4. sales Chg/yr.9% As of December 1. Global Product Operations  y Mark Reuss .084.President.603. . On July 23.953. selling 1. Lee .015 1.830.9 percent in 2009. General Motor's recent growth has been in the People's Republic of China.Vice Chairman and Chief Financial Officer  y Thomas G. Africa. where its sales rose 66.163 1. On August 12.904. David Bonderman.President.124.3% Executive management:  2008 2. Adam Opel AG y Timothy E. money-back guarantee soon after the company exited bankruptcy and a television advertisement that announced the repayment of $6.0% 2002 4.000 vehicles and accounting for 13.150 9. Krebs.0% January 2010. Corporate governance General Motors is headquartered at the Renaissance Center in Detroit. to be replaced in those functions by current board member Dan Akerson.756.Global Vice President of General Motors Design.Vice Chairman. 2010 GM announced that Whitacre would relinquish the CEO position effective September 1.1% Directors accepted Frederick Henderson's resignation.3% Chairman of the Board of Directors y Chris Liddell . General Motors sold 6. 2009. Calendar Year U.9%  2009 2.730 4. GM International Operations (Asia-Pacific.0% permanent chief executive officer after previously   serving in an interim capacity.227 6.620 6.980. In 2009.416 1. 2009. 2006 4.1% y Daniel Akerson .707. Welburn .000 annually.858.President. Robert D. GM Europe and CEO. Latin America.0%  2000 4. In  2004 4. Patricia F. Russo and Ed Whitacre (GM Chairman and Interim Chief Executive Officer).403 2. Board members who are not GM employees will be paid US$200. 1998 4.3% 2001 4.Chief Executive Officer &  2010 2.517. GM announced its new Board of Directors: Dan Akerson.991 1999 5.7 billion loan from government ahead of schedule.705 0.866. 2010 and that of Chairman of the Board at the end of  the year. The General Motors Board of 2003 4. Reilly . GM North America  y David N.017. He appeared in an advertisement stating the company's 60-day.000 people around the world.  World presence  North America . current and only the sixth head designer.
safe. 1997.8% 2 South America owned by GM). 1998.3% 14 the first Chinese-built Buick came off Colombia 80 36. Cadillac.552 21.3% 15 the assembly line. and the beginning of a new GM.GM World Headquarters in Detroit In North America." Mark of In the mid 2005.095 12.5% 3 China owned a Buick. in 2009 the "New GM" reversed this. GM announced that its corporate chrome power emblem " Excellence" would begin appearing on all recently introduce and all-new 2006 model d vehicles produced and sold in North America. 905 12.1% 1 in China. which Spain 107 7. Buick.981 22.095 In August 2009 the joint venture of FAW GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle Co Ltd was formed that mainly produces Jiefang light-duty trucks. GM worldwide 2008 vehicle sales (thousands) Asia Rank Vehicle Market Location in GM sales share (%) The Buick brand is especially strong United States 2.546 by 22 percent. and GMC.1% 9 China market vehicles locally through 10 South Korea 117 9.0% 2 subcompact.S. that can lead America towards an energy  independent future.9% 1 North America also successfully selling microvans under the Wuling marque (34 percent 815 20. And the company said it is ³on track´ to sell more than 2 . when Venezuela 91 33.4% 11 the Chinese company SAIC. The Cadillac brand was introduced in 4 United Kingdom 384 15.4% 5 to China. GM products focus primarily on its four core divisions ² Chevrolet. saying that emphasis on its four core divisions would downplay the GM logo. sales of 188.1% 6 of the Chevrolet brand in China in Germany 300 8. However. The Shanghai GM plant was officially Argentina 95 15.3% 3 European Union 12.048 vehicles in March 2010. The White House characterized the GM restructuring as a shift toward a new leaner. President Obama declared that the restructuring "will mark the end of an old GM.8% 12 was created on March 25. outsold its U. greener GM. moving the former Mexico 212 19. The last emperor of  Brazil 549 19. The company manufactures most of its Australia 133 13. starting with exports Canada 359 21.4% China in 2004. which will aim to break even with annual sales much lower than previously stated.8% 7 2005 as well.7% Shanghai GM. a joint venture with France 114 4.8% 8 Buick Sail to that marque. and fuel-efficient cars of tomorrow. The SAIC-GMIndia 66 3. GM increased its sales in China by 68 percent to 230. GM pushed the marketing Russia 338 11. a new GM that can produce the high quality.3% 16 Wuling Automobile joint-venture is 3. led by the Buick Excelle China (PRC) 1.0% 4 People's Republic of China 1.5% 13 opened on December 15. and that is once more a symbol of America's success.
The longest-lived continuous automobile nameplate still in production is theChevrolet Suburban . Over the years Mott became the largest single stockholder in GM and spent his life with his Mott Foundation which has benefited the city of Flint. Elmore. as a holding company for Buick. Oakland and several others. whose carriage company was merged into Buick prior to GM's creation. Retrieved November 7. GM made Cadillac a chief sponsor of the state-run China Film Group Corporation's Birth of a Party. It acquired Oldsmobile later that year. Rebecca (October 30. GM's co-founder was Charles Stewart Mott. because of the large amount of debt taken on in its acquisitions coupled with a collapse in new vehicle sales. MI before making his foray into the automotive indusry.  History Main article: History of General Motors General Motors Founder William Durant The company was first founded on September 16.Blumenstein. and the Rapid Motor Vehicle Company of Pontiac. Michigan. four years ahead of its plan. inFlint. GM acquired the Reliance Motor Truck Company of Owosso. 2010. http://online. In 1909. his adopted home. then controlled by William C.million vehicles in China in 2010. 1908.com/article/SB119365251905674678. Michigan. Durant brought in Cadillac. Michigan. a film dramatizing the events leading to the creation of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921 after Russia¶s October Revolution in 1917. the predecessors of GMC Truck. Also in 1909. Wall Street Journal.h tml. Durant lost control of GM in 1910 to a bankers' trust.000 automobiles in America and Durant had become a lead ing manufacturer of horse-drawn vehicle in Flint. "GM to Invest in Green Technology in China". Durant.wsj. At the turn of the 20th century there were fewer than 8. 2007).
General Motors emerged from Chapter 11 reorganization. Durant started the Chevrolet Motor Car Company and through this he secretly purchased a controlling interest in GM. the content and the structure of its brand portfolio (its brand architecture) was reorganized. longer than any other automaker. Brand Year Buick 1903 Cadillac 1902 GMC 1901 Chevrolet Vauxhall Opel Holden Daewoo 1911 1925 Markets North America. Israel. including preferred shares and accounting for stock options given to former GM bondholders. Chile (From 2011) 1948 Australia. 2009. This unprecedented growth of GM would last into the early 1980s when it employed 349. GM has ranked as the second largest global automaker by sales. was . Hummer. partner of GM in China  and India. 2010 following a US$33-a-share initial public offering of US$23 billion. 2009. Middle East/Africa. Australia) North America. The practice of putting the "GM Mark of Excellence" on every car. Asia/Pacific. no matter what the brand. China. Disposal of such shares gave the Treasury department about US$13. GM had filed for Chapter 11 reorganization on June 8. Saturn. Some nameplates like Pontiac. but now Include South Korea and Vietnam in 2011) United Kingdom 1929 Europe. including preferred shares. India. South East Asia. like Saab. GM led global sales for 77 consecutive years from 1931 through 2007. The Company was listed on the New York Stock Exchange and the Toronto Stock Exchange again on November 18.  Chapter 11 reorganization Main article: General Motors Chapter 11 reorganization On July 10. this time for good.67 a share to break even. Taiwan Global (except South America. In 2008 and 2009. he again lost control.000 workers and operated 150 assembly plants. after the new vehicle market collapsed. Alfred P.S. New Zealand 2002~2011 South Korea. It was previously estimated that the Treasury has to sel GM l shares at an average of $43.The next year. Shortly after. Sloan was picked to take charge of the corporation and led it to its post-war global dominance. were sold. New Zealand.6 billion in proceeds. Treasury department is reduced from about 61% to about 26%. and  service brands like Goodwrench were discontinued. acquired just less than 1 percent of the new GM for about $500 million. Durant then reorganized General Motors Company into General Motors Corporation in 1916. Others. Vietnam (ceased)  Brand reorganization As part of the company reorganization. Middle East Global (except Australia. SAIC Motor. The shareholding in the Company by the U. Durant took back control of the company after one of the most dramatic proxy wars in American business history.
sold to Luxembourg-based A. The company's familiar square blue "badge" has been removed from the Web site and advertising. GM will discontinue the Daewoo brand in South Korea and replace it with the Chevrolet brand.C.  Discontinued brands y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Welch (1903±1911) Rainier (1905±1911) Welch-Marquette (see Marquette) Cartercar (1905±1915) Elmore (1909±1912) Rapid Truck (1909±1912) Reliance Truck (1909±1912) Welch-Detroit (1910±1911) Marquette (1912) Peninsular (1912) (see Marquette) Samson Tractor (1917±1922) Scripps-Booth (1917±1923) Marquette (1930) Oakland (1909±1931) Viking (1929±1931) LaSalle (1927±1940) y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y McLaughlin (1918±1942) Yellow Coach (1925±1943) Beaumont (1966±1969) Envoy (1960±1970) Acadian (1962±1971) Ranger (1968±1976) Bedford Vehicles (1929±1987) General Motors Diesel Division (1938± 1987) Passport (1988±1991) Asüna (1993±1995) Geo (1989±1997) Oldsmobile (1897±2004) Pontiac (1926±2010) Saturn (1985±2010) Hummer (1998±2010) GM Goodwrench (1977±2011)  Former subsidiaries y y y Frigidaire (1919±1979). The company has moved from a corporate-endorsed hybrid brand architecture structure. in favor of a new. Holdings S. GM owned over 20 percent at one time . manufacturer of Subaru (1999±2006). GM owned 49 percent at one time Suzuki (1981±2008). subtle all text logo treatment. sold to Ohio-based White Consolidated Industries Lotus (1986±1993).A. GM owned 20 percent at one time with put option Fuji Heavy Industries.discontinued in August. In 2011.B. 2009. sold to Dutch supercar manufacturer Spyker Cars NV  Former affiliates y y y y Fiat (2000±2005). where GM underpinned every brand to a multiple brand corporate invisible brand architecture structure.N. Saab (1989±2010). GM owned 20 percent at one time Isuzu (1971±2006).
Vauxhall Motors .
Vauxhall. Germany. Originally named Alex Wilson and Company. the company moved the majority of its production to Luton in 1905. History Alexander Wilson founded the company in the Dusian Road. and most models are principally designed in R sselsheim. United Kingdom. most of which is sold under the Opel brand. and roughly 80% of Vauxhall production is exported. The current Vauxhall range includes the Agila (city car). then Vauxhall Iron Works. The Ellesmere Port plant currently employs around 2. A high proportion of Vauxhall-branded vehicles sold in the UK are produced at Opel factories in Germany. the company built pumps and marine engines. It was founded in 1857. The Luton plant currently employs around 1. The company continued to trade under the name Vauxhall Iron Works until 1907. Astra (small family car).100 staff and has a capacity of approximately 187. the company built its first car. Insignia (large family car) and Zafira (compact MPV). In 1903.000 units. GM's German subsidiary.000 units. . with two forward gears and no reverse gear. a five-horsepower model steered using a tiller. Spain and Poland. London in 1857. The Vauxhall product range is largely identical to that of Opel. To expand. It has been the secondlargest selling car brand in the UK for over two decades. UK (passenger cars). Vauxhall has major manufacturing facilities in Luton (commercial vehicles) and Ellesmere Port. began manufacturing cars in 1903 and was acquired by GM in 1925.170 staff and has a capacity of approximately 100. when the modern name of Vauxhall Motors was adopted. This led to a better design which was made available for sale.Vauxhall Motors (pronounced / s l/) is a British car manufacturer owned by General Motors (GM) and headquartered in Luton. Corsa (supermini).
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.