TRAINING MANUAL- PIPING

PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING

DOC No. : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. Page : R0 : 1

Uhde India Limited

CONTENTS Page 0.0 Cover Sheet List of illustrations 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 General Reciprocating Compressors Centrifugal Compressors Auxiliary Equipment Piping Arrangement Reference Code 1 2 3 3 4 4-5 5 5-6

Applicable Revision: Prepared:

Checked:

Approved:

Date: First Edition: R0 Prepared: AKB

Date: Checked: TNG

Date: Approved: RUD

Date: File Name:

Date: Server:

PUNE: KUMUS 207

Date: VKO: KUMUS 209

DWG.NO.TRAINING MANUAL. Page : R0 : 2 Uhde India Limited LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS SR.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC No.NO.PIPING STUDY (ELEVATION) LUBE OIL CONSOLE PIPING AND INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM SEAL OIL CONSOLE PIPING AND INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM COMPRESSOR SUCTION DRUM / KNOCKOUT POT PULSATION DAMPENERS / VOLUME BOTTLES . : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev.PIPING STUDY (PLAN) RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR . 1 2 3 4 5 6 CHP1 CHP2 CHP3 CHP4 CHP5 CHP6 DESCRIPTION RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR .

The general arrangement of compressor house shall consider the vendor drawings and vendor recommendation.CHP1.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC No.9 2.1 RECIPROCATING COMPRESSORS Reciprocating compressor generates considerable vibrations due to unbalanced forces. Except for lighter than air gases. the reciprocating compressors should be located as close as possible to the grade level. The clearance above the compressor should be at least 3m more than the longest internal part to be removed.6 2.2 2. 1.4 1. the side cladding on all sides should be provided upto 1m below crane level.7 1. if any.TRAINING MANUAL. but at the same time the line should be checked for the flexibility and the compressor nozzle loadings within the allowable limits furnished by the vendor. 1.g. For open compressor house.2 For compressor. The piping arrangement around the reciprocating compressor should be planned at grade level for ease of supporting with minimum changes in direction (Refer Fig. CHP2) The grade supports should be spaced unevenly to reduce harmonic motion in the piping.6 1. The compressor house can be fully covered by side cladding to grade level if handling non-hazardous materials e.0 2.5m or half width of the compressors. air. For this reason. The pulsation dampeners are used to eliminate pulsation in suction and discharge piping and to separate the source of vibration from the piping system. Process and Civil discipline to finalise the detail plot plan of the unit.3 2. handling flammable materials. The clearance between rows of compressor and at the end of each compressor shall be also 1. 2.3 1. pits and similar gas traps should be avoided within gas Compressor House.8 1. The piping shall remain clear of the cylinders and the withdrawal space at cylinder heads.5m ht. at grade level together with roof ventilators. For compressor house where a number of installations from multiple vendors are to be accomodated.5 1. The substantial space required for lube oil and seal oil consoles shall be taken into consideration to prepare unit plot plan.0 GENERAL Compressors are normally located inside a permanent shelter or building (Compressor House) for weather protection. pulsation etc.7 . The building foundation and the compressor foundation should be separate to avoid transmission of vibrations from compressor to the building structure. Page : R0 : 3 Uhde India Limited 1.1 1.5 2. Built-in maintenance equipment viz. The clear space between compressors shall be minimum 1. The piping routed simply with short run is less prone to vibration.4 2. a thorough discussion should be held among the engineers of Piping. for space and location of auxiliary units.5m. travelling gantry with overhead crane / monorail with hoist and chain-pulley blocks as well as the drop-out areas shall be provided in the compressor house. : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. ventilation and weather protection is assured by significant openings upto 2. trenches. This will eliminate chances of suffocation or explosion risk due to accumulation of heavy gases in pits.

The seal oil console consists of seal oil reservior.0 4. : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. Strainers are installed in the inlet line between the isolation valve and the compressor inlet nozzle. The maintenance facilities like overhead crane or monorail at the centre of the compressor bay and the drop-out area at one of the building or shed is the usual practice.6 3.1 CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS The general considerations for centrifugal compressor layout is same as the reciprocating compressor. This vessel removes moisture and particles from the gas by passing it through a demister screen located just below the outlet nozzle.TRAINING MANUAL. All valves shall be arranged in such a way that they are accessible from the operating floor around the machine.2 AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT Centrifugal and reciprocating compressors and their drives require a variety of auxiliary equipment to support their operation. The console consists of lube oil reservoir. Lube Oil Consoles : Compressor bearings receive lubricating oil from the lube oil console (Refer Fig.0 3. These consoles may be either stand alone or be mounted directly onto the compressor frame.CHP5.9 4.CHP4).3 Seal Oil Consoles : The hydraulic seals located at the outer ends of the compressor shaft receive oil from the seal oil console (Refer Fig.7 3.2 3. The equipment for these compressors are discussed below.4 3.5 Suction drum / knockout pot : As compressors require dry gas free of foreign particles. oil filters and main seal oil pumps.3 3.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC No.CHP3). The designer shall ensure that all connections shown on the vendor piping and instrumentation diagrams are properly taken care in the piping layout. temperatures can often be higher and nozzle loadings on compressor casing is lower. The compressor suction lines must be free of any foreign particles that could damage the internals of the machine. 3. 4. seal and control oil systems be placed adjacent to the machine.5 3.4 Inlet Filters : The inlet filters for air compressors are installed outside the building /shed at a level suitable for clean air suction without any obstruction in the air flow. 4.1 4. A typical knockout pot is illustrated in Fig. interstage exchangers can be located at grade outside the compressor house with auxiliary equipment consisting of lubricating. . the pipeline size is larger. ASME PTC code recommends a minimum 3 times diameter of straight run piping between elbow and the inlet nozzle. oil coolers and lube oil pumps. The centrifugal compressor with drive are generally mounted on the concrete table supported on RCC column. The knockout pots. it is necessary to pass inlet gas through the suction drum or knockout pot. the height of the travelling crane is to be carefully estimated so the machine components and rotors can be lifted over the adjacent equipment. The centrifugal compressor inside a building normally have foundations separate from the building foundation. If the building is having installation of several compressors. The vendor drawing of the filter shall be reviewed for correct inlet/outlet ducting and the supporting arrangement. exception being that for centrifugal compressor. oil filters. 4.8 3. Page : R0 : 4 Uhde India Limited 3.

2 5. : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev.1 PIPING ARRANGEMENT The compressor house piping consist of suction / discharge piping.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC No. auxiliary equipment piping and utility system piping.TRAINING MANUAL. Page : R0 : 5 Uhde India Limited 4. 5. For reciprocating compressors.3 5. Type of compressor Type of suction Type of discharge Short suction line Lube oil console Seal oil console Suction filter Type of drive Discharge bottle / snubber Anti vibration measures Shelter requirement Maintenance space Operation space Handling Facilities Acoustic hood . This will minimise the transmission of damaging vibrations to the building structure / frame. Volume bottles are used to reduce vibration. Chemical and Gas Industry Services. API 618 Reciprocating Compressors for Petroleum. For centrifugal compressors. 6. They are located downstream of the discharge pulsation dampener and are similar to snubbers without internal baffles or choke tubes.6 Pulsation dampener / volume bottles : The negative effects of vibration on the life of reciprocating compressors and associated piping can be minimized by the use of pulsation dampeners (Refer Fig. 5. The vendor furnishes that P&ID for the compressor with its auxiliary equipment. Ammonia.0 5. API 617 provides the acceptance criteria for nozzle loads.1 Key words : Fluid for compression . PTC9 ASME Performance Test COde 6.4 Reciprocating compressor piping arrangement should be finalised after analog study which identifies potentially damaging accoustic or pulsation problems during design phase itself. Chemical and Gas Industry Service. Process gas etc.Air. The pulsation dampeners are sized by the compressor vendor and are mounted directly on the cylinder nozzles. API 618 provides the acceptance criteria for nozzle loads. The discharge line with its main components shall be routed clearing the compressor and its driver and supported independent of compressor foundation or building column foundation. These drawings should be reviewed fully for the provisions of vents and drains requirement of the installation.CHP6).0 REFERENCE CODE API 617 Centrifugal Compressors for Petroleum. The main suction line with its components shall be as short and direct as possible.

Page : R0 : 6 Uhde India Limited - Utilities requirement Control panel Vendor's specific requirements Thermal load on nozzles / flexibility analysis Independent supports Straight length requirement at suction Relief valves on discharge Orientation of compressor w.t. road access etc. : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. Layout concept from the vendor offer stage.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC No.r.piperack. underground facilities.TRAINING MANUAL. overall and unit Plot Plan and other facilities viz. . drainage.

: 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. NO.DRUM L 2ND STAGE C COMPRESSOR L DRIVER 1ST STAGE PULSATION DAMPENERS (2ND STAGE) (2ND STAGE) 1/2 WIDTH OF COMPRESSOR OR MIN.TRAINING MANUAL .PIPING STUDY (PLAN) SUCTION HEADER SUCTION HEADER C K. 1500MM 2ND STAGE INTER COOLERS & AFTER COOLERS (1ST STAGE) C COMPRESSOR L DRIVER CYLINDER SUPPORT 1ST STAGE VALVE ACCESS (1ST STAGE) CONCRETE SLEEPERS FOR SUPPLY & RETURN AND SUCTION HEADERS DROPOUT AREA ACCESS .PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC NO. : RO : 1 OF 1 DWG.O. : CHP1 Uhde India Limited Page RECIPROCATING COMPRESSORS .

1.O.TRAINING MANUAL . (ALTERNATE) C DRIVER L INDEPENDENT SUPPORT PREFERED GRADE COMPRESSOR FOUNDATION UTILITIES DISCHARGE PULSATION DAMPENER ALTERNATIVE LAYOUT PREFERED LAYOUT SLEEPERS . NO.DRUM MIN. : CHP2 Uhde India Limited Page RECIPROCATING COMPRESSORS .5M 2400 MIN. : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. 3M C SUCTION L DAMPENER K.PIPING STUDY (ELEVATION) VENT TO ATMOSPHERE AT SAFE LOCATION GUIDE RUNWAY BEAM HOIST ADEQUATE CLEARANCE MIN.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC NO. : RO : 1 OF 1 DWG.

: 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. : RO : 1 OF 1 DWG.) TI (TYP. NO.) SLOPING (FREE DRAINING) STAINLESS STEEL LINE TI FILTER LUBE OIL COOLER TI LUBE OIL RESERVOIR COOLING WATER AUXILIARY PUMP MAIN PUMP LUBE OIL CONSOLE HEATING MEDIUM TO COIL (IF REQUIRED) .PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC NO.TRAINING MANUAL . : CHP3 Uhde India Limited Page LUBE OIL CONSOLE PIPING AND INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM COMPRESSOR/TURBINE PI COMPRESSOR TURBINE BEARING (TYP.

PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC NO. : RO : 1 OF 1 DWG. : CHP4 Uhde India Limited Page SEAL OIL CONSOLE PIPING AND INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM SEAL OIL TANK COMPRESSOR VENDOR CONTRACTOR CONTINUOUS DRAINERS COOLER FILTER OIL RESERVOIR PUMPS SEAL OIL CONSOLE VENDOR CONTRACTOR . : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev.TRAINING MANUAL . NO.

TRAINING MANUAL .PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC NO. : CHP5 Uhde India Limited Page COMPRESSOR SUCTION DRUM / KNOCKOUT POT GAS OUTLET DEMISTER SCREEN BAFFLE WET GAS INLET MANTENACE ACCESS LIQUID OUTLET GRADE . : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. : R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG. NO.

: R0 : 1 OF 1 DWG.PIPING PIPING STUDY COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPING DOC NO. : 29040-PI-UPS-1008 Rev. : CHP6 Uhde India Limited Page PULSATION DAMPENERS / VOLUME BOTTLES INLET PULSATION DAMPNER ALTERNATE NOZZLE LOCATIONS TEMPORARY START-UP STRAINER C SNUBBER L C COMPRESSOR L VOLUME BOTTLE OUTLET PULSATION DAMPNER PULSATION DAMPNER ADJUSTABLE SUPPORT TYPICAL DAMPNER SUPPORT .TRAINING MANUAL . NO.

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