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standing with Asia’s peace practitioners by promoting strategic intervention into violent conﬂict
Centre for Peace and Conict Studies
2010 Annual Report
MESSAGE FROM THE DIRECTOR
Dear Friends and Colleagues, The Year of the Tiger is notorious for being turbulent and unse led, and the year of CPCS can be characterized in this way. It has been a year with some signicant sta changeovers, and the beginning of handling the ‘trickledown’ of the global economic crisis. Despite these challenges and transi ons, CPCS has con nued to ourish, and I am pleased to say that we are entering 2011 well organised both programma cally and organisa onally! In 2010 we have farewelled Vong Bopha, our nance and administra on manager of ve years, and Mark Channsitha our Myanmar Program Manager of three years. Bopha played a signicant role in the building of CPCS and in par cular in the early years of our MA in Applied Conict Transforma on Studies. Sitha has been cri cal to our work in Myanmar suppor ng CPCS to make a transi on from under the radar work to evidence based lobbying and advocacy around the world. CPCS has consequently welcomed two new sta to our team Sem Srey Tola as Administra on Manager and Chhit Maria as Finance Manager. While CPCS managed to produced a numbers of reports and documents in 2010, available on our website, I would like to make reference to two in par cular. Listening to Voices from Inside – Ethnic People Speak synthesises interviews with some 87 people, young and old, rural and urban across Myanmar represen ng eight di erent ethnic groups. It has been a powerful tool for accessing policy makers and opinion formers in New York, Washington, London, Dublin, Beijing, Bangkok and Singapore in 2010. It has given CPCS and its associates the chance to highlight the ongoing ethnic conicts of Myanmar and of course the con nuing humanitarian crisis inside the country.
From Street Fights to Peace Builders – The Stories of Transforma on in Timor Leste’s Mar al Arts Leaders celebrates the personal and structural changes made in the mar al arts conicts of Timor Leste. This interven on into conict, conducted over three years in conjunc on with HAK Associa on in Dili highlights the kind of prac cal work which can be done to bring about real change. Another highlight in 2010 was the nalising of the accredita on process for the MA program Applied Conict Transforma on Studies. This has been a ve year journey in partnership with Pannasastra University Cambodia to have the program o cially recognised by the Ministry of Educa on so that the course is accredited to an interna onal standard. CPCS salutes the pa ence of gradua ng students, and the ACTS faculty in this process. In 2010 the fourth batch of students graduated the program. It is increasing evident that the course contributes to CPCS main objec ve – enhancing strategic interven ons into violent conict across the Asia region as students reect on and evaluate their own work through the course, and realign it accordingly. While CPCS is involved in so many conicts, networks, courses and programs I would like to make special reference to the development of the South Asia Program in 2010. The year started with the sharing of Mindanao’s media on experiences in Sri Lanka, followed by an in depth conict transforma on course in Orissa and a conict analysis in Manipur. These programs, while ends in themselves, have laid a founda on for a more consolidated focus on South Asia in 2011. Further the o ering of a Peace Research Methodology course and follow up visit to Afghan peace workers gave us a long awaited possibility to connect with peace networks and organisa ons there. There is always more work to be done. In 2011 CPCS will further enhance its role as a resource to the region o ering a more diverse list of short courses, more scholarships to MA students and the ongoing strengthening of the Ac on Asia network, in par cular its leadership group. Using the Reec ng on Peace Prac ce methodology we con nue to cri que ourselves and our work, always seeking to be making the most impact with the li le we have. Thanks to our faithful and reless partners in accompanying us on this journey. May the year of the Rabbit bring our region the signing of peace agreements, the deep transforma on of conict and the realisa on of jus ce and equity for all.
Emma Leslie Director, Centre for Peace and Conict Studies
APPLIED CONFLICT TRANSFORMATION STUDIES
THE APPLIED CONFLICT TRANSFORMATION STUDIES run by the Centre for Peace and Conict Studies, in conjunc on with Pannassastra University in Cambodia, aims to bridge the gap between academic research and the wealth of experience that exists on the ground. The course is a two year accredited Masters program, o ering residen al seminars every three months along with ac on research assignments focused on the prac oners’ regular work. The program is rooted in the work and experiences of its par cipants and aims to develop par cipants’ prac cal skills and create new theory from their own experience.
ACTS aims to:
1. Enable and challenge individuals, organisa ons, and networks to become more sustained and strategic in their work for peace and jus ce. 2. Provide accessible opportuni es for advanced, prac cal learning in conict transforma on for people who are mo vated by construc ve change in their socie es. 3. Generate literature and disseminate new knowledge, theory, and insights relevant to peace and jus ce work. 4. Link theory, ac on, and reec on and thus contribute to the further development of this fast expanding eld.
In July 2010, ACTS graduated a further nine students, who came from a variety of regions, including Myanmar, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Nepal and The Philippines. The students’ ac on research projects were equally diverse and tled as follows: Approaching Peace Research in Myanmar Context Building Economic Security in the Three Poor Rural Communi es of Misamis Oriental, Philippines, through Social Enterprise Examining The Usefulness of Collabora ve Model of Donor Engagement to Deliver Desired Results In Conict Transforma on Facilita ng the Building of Solidarity amongst Women’s Organisa ons in Myanmar
A Caring Accompaniment: Learning From Partnerships in an Authoritarian Environment A Model for Couple Based Training to Reduce Domes c Violence in Rural Cambodia Not only did the ac on-research projects contribute to the students’ degrees, but also directly a ected change in each students’ context. As the name suggests, “ac on research is based on the researcher performing certain ac ons in their context”, be it designing a workshop or implemen ng a specic project. All of the students taking or having taken the course, aspire to either con nue their educa on in peace and conict studies, or become prac oners themselves and begin work with peace building organisa ons in specic regions. Another batch of fourteen students have started the ACTS course on March 2010. Once again students come from many conicts and cultures including, Indonesia, The Philippines, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, India and Guatemala.
Integra ng Conict Sensi vity within the Organisa on using E ec ve and Appropriate Tools. Facilita ng the Process of Building Rela onships amongst Interfaith Youth in Myanmar’s Restricted Areas Ini a ng a way to Address Legacy of Memory in Cambodia
PEACE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY COURSE
THE PEACE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY COURSE is based in values, theory and prac ces that support peace and reconcilia on, but like other social sciences, is grounded in scien c inquiry. The course has been developed to teach, in a simple and prac cal way, how to understand the main ideas that guide research in the study of peace and conict and support the development of ac ve research amongst young prac oners. Organiza on (SDO). All the par cipants successfully completed the course and developed their own research proposals. The proposals were on a range of signicant issues for peacebuilding in the Afghan context. Overall par cipants found the PRM course topics useful and comprehensive in providing an overall understanding of the peace research process as well as being applied through exercises at each stage of the process. There was an expressed desire for future courses to build on this founda on and the general feeling that a lot was put into two weeks that could be useful to either extend the dura on or opportuni es for future courses as well as extension to their colleagues and other people who could benet from this course.
The purpose of the Peace Research Methodology course is to provide: 1. A basic grounding in the theore cal, conceptual and empirical founda ons of research methods for the social sciences. 2. An understanding of founda onal concepts and theories in peace studies and peace research. 3. A grounding in the main research processes with a focus on developing a research proposal. 4. Opportunity for further future professional research ac vi es via research networking. In June 2010, twelve Afghan men and women involved in peacebuilding work in Afghanistan came to Cambodia to undertake the Peace Research Methodology Course. They came from the following organiza ons: Coopera on for Peace and Unity (CPAU), Afghan Women’s Social Development Centre (AWSDC), and Sanayee Development
Visit to Kabul, Afghanistan
Soth Plai Ngarm and Tulsi Nepal made a visit to Afghanistan on 30 October to 4 November 2010 as a follow-up with the par cipants on the Peace Research Methodology course conducted last June. It was also an opportunity for them to reconnect with the Afghan ACTION Members. This visit was very much appreciated by the members and hope to sustain a strong connec on with other members in the network. In this short visit, it was learned that the members are expec ng the network to support their capacity building training by providing resource persons for RPP and also bringing out the civil society leaders out of the country for designing a strategic direc on for Afghanistan. On one hand, they also expressed their willingness to become resource persons for other members of Ac on Asia network.
FUNDAMENTALS FOR PEACE AND CONFLICT WORK
The FUNDAMENTALS FOR PEACE AND CONFLICT WORK (FPCW) is an introductory course for people who are working in the eld of conict and peace issues, and want to examine or deepen their individual commitment toward peaceful social change. The course explores theories and praxis with a focus on the disciplines of conict, peace and violence. Par cipants are guided through individual reec ve contextual analysis of their own situa on as well as through a group shared learning experience. It employs par cipatory methods of teaching and the 6-day course covers the following modules of 2 days each: • Conict, Violence and Peace • Conict Analysis and Interven on Skills • Conict Sensi ve Programming & Reec ng on Peace Prac ce The FPCW which was held last August was a ended by par cipants coming from India, Hong Kong, Thailand, Nepal, Myanmar and Guatemala. Each par cipant was responsible for their airfare in coming to Cambodia and paid $500 course fee.
“After coming to this course, my understanding of conflict and peace has broadened. I had much self retrospection: some of them were painful, some were difficult and others were revelations. This training has given me an opportunity to apply certain principles at my own personal level and to spread the messages of peace as my commitment.”
HOSTING ACTION ASIA SECRETARIAT
When Ac on Asia Leaders met in Kuala Lumpur in October 2009, one major decision made was the request for CPCS to con nue hos ng the secretariat of the network for another 2 years which means un l September 2011. This was subsequently accepted by the Board Members of CPCS. Ac on Asia is a network of individuals and organiza ons in the Asia con nent commi ed to ac on for conict transforma on through the sharing of skills, knowledge, experiences and resources. It has more than 300 members from 17 countries in the region.
As secretariat of Ac on Asia, CPCS takes responsibility in securing funds for the network’s various ac vi es and provides human resources to carry on such ac vi es. The main tasks that CPCS implement include:
• maintaining peacebuilding programs in Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Timor Leste, Nepal, Orissa and Manipur in India. • organizing the Members’ Peacebuilders Forum and Leaders Forum that alternately take place biennially • publishing experiences and lessons learned on Asian approaches to peacebuilding • lobbying and advocacy on various issues with di erent agencies and ins tu ons • leading thema c projects such as poli cians and military in peacebuilding • building the capacity of members on Reec ng on Peace Prac ce methodology • maintaining rela onships with other regional networks • keeping membership record and regular communica on to members • maintaining Ac on Asia website (www.ac onasia.org)
ACTION ASIA PEACEBUILDERS’ FORUM
The third Ac on Asia Peacebuilders’ Forum was held from 19 to 23 October at the Meta Karuna Reec on Centre in Siem Reap, Cambodia. Sixty members and guests par cipated, including representa ves from ACTION Global who came from Africa, Central America and Europe. This year’s Forum carried the theme: TRANSFORMING OUR WOUNDEDNESS FOR PEACE. A er a short handing over ceremony of hos ng (from Philippines to Nepal to Cambodia), Soth Plai Ngarm, a board member of ACT and founding-member of Ac on Asia, o cially welcomed the par cipants on behalf of the host organiza on Alliance for Conict Transforma on (ACT). The dancers from Sunrise Children’s Villages entertained the group with at least 5 tradi onal Khmer dances before the welcome dinner. On the formal opening of the Forum Dekha Ibrahim, Ac on member from Kenya and CPCS Board Chairperson gave the keynote speech on her own experience of transforming her violent experience to peace. The second day of the Forum was spent for exposure visits
to Ankor Wat Temples, FACT organiza on and its ‘ooded forest’, and the cultural village. The highlight of the Forum was the sharing of life journey of 15 peacebuilders from Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines and Sri Lanka. All the workshop-sharing were linked to the theme of the Forum – Transforming Our Woundedness for Peace. Presenta ons included: • Quest for Peace: Responses to Survival, Nasir Udin, Bangladesh • An A empt at Peace Making, Alan Saw U, Myanmar • Transforma on of the Self – Journeying for Peace in Manipur and the North-east, Bobichand Rajkumar Meitei, Manipur, India • The Inner Struggle of Living Out Nonviolence, Beng Dionela, Philippines • Not Everything Can Be Green, Sushi Gobalkrishnan, Sri Lanka • We Drink from our Inner Well, Bijay Singh, Orissa, India • Our Wounds Have Strengthened Our Resolve in Building Peace, Philippines • The Role of Women in Sustaining Peace in Poso-Central Sulawasi Indonesia, Ruby Kholifah, Indonesia
• Burmese Doll, the Reason for Resiliency, Fr. Chris Raj, Myanmar • We Can Do It If We Believe We Can, Meas Sokeo, Cambodia • Linking My Inner Journey to the Outside World, Sagun Basnyet, Nepal • A Local Experience of Building Acehnese Women’s Network for Peace, Tabrani Yunis, Aceh • Peacebuilding in Poli cs, Kassapa Diyabedanage, Sri Lanka • Peacebuilding and My Insights, Nao Sok, Cambodia • Building Peace Through Sustainable Development, Ashok Gladston Xavier, India The team of our host-organiza on did a marvelous job of making all par cipants felt warmly welcomed, exposed to the Khmer culture, tradi on and historical sites, and most importantly helped made the Forum a meaningful experience for everyone. Global members sent their solidarity messages which were printed out and shared with the group. The Forum was another opportunity for Ac on Asia members to share experiences, learning and success stories in the pursuit of peace as well as nurture rela onships, revitalize and strengthen commitment to peace.
REFLECTING ON PEACE PRACTICE RPP
RPP is an experience-based learning process that involves agencies whose programs a empt to prevent or mi gate violent conict. Its purpose is to analyze experience at the individual program level across a broad range of contexts, with the goal to improve the e ec veness of interna onal peacebuilding e orts. It is both a framework and a methodology, designed to evaluate the e ec veness of di erent peace programs with specic reference to the context or culture in which it operates. CPCS feels very strongly that the RPP methodology o ers a framework to assess impact and evaluate strategic interven on.
Advanced RPP Workshop, Nepal
In May 2010, CPCS held an advanced training course on RPP methodology for Ac on Asia members in Kathmandu, Nepal. The workshop was sponsored by CDA Collabora ve Learning Projects and facilitated by Peter Woodrow and Diana Chiagas, the co-directors of RPP programme at CDA. The program was available only to par cipants who had completed two prior introductory courses in Nepal and Kuala Lumpur. The workshop sought to introduce new, more advanced tools for project evalua on and systems thinking
analysis within the framework of the RPP; a cu ng edge model at the forefront of scien c appraisal for peacebuilding and conict related projects.
RPP Introductory Workshop, Indonesia
In partnership with the American Friends Service Commi ee (AFSC), further 24 Ac on Asia members par cipated in this introductory workshop held last 10 - 14 August this year in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The feedback was very posi ve and CPCS has inten ons to further u lise this model on its various programs and as an evalua on tool for many of its exis ng ini a ves.
MYANMAR WOMEN’S NEWORK EXPOSURE VISIT
CPCS hosted fourteen women from 11 di erent organiza ons belonging to a women’s network in Myanmar who came for an exposure visit to Cambodia. The purpose of said visit was for these women to learn from Cambodia’s experience on peacebuilding work and networking strategies. They visited various women and youth organiza ons as well as nonviolent communi es in Koh Kong province. During this September visit, the women also had the chance to dialogue with organiza ons who are involved in the elec on processes in Cambodia including the Na onal Elec on Commission. The women’s network wanted to gain some ideas on how they can engage in the upcoming Myanmar elec on.
TRANSCEND JAPAN EXPOSURE VISIT TO CAMBODIA
From 25 to 30 March, the Centre for Peace and Conict Studies hosted a visit from TRANSCEND-Japan members. The exposure visit sought to raise the levels of awareness and knowledge of Japan’s involvement in Cambodia’s diverse history; most notably in the years of 1941-1945, when the Empire of Japan occupied the country, and how that history has or may have shaped the current situa on in Cambodia. The group visited various historical sites, such as Toul Sleng Genocide Museum and the Killing Fields, as well as Angkor Wat. Par cipants expressed a keen interest in learning more about the current situa on in Cambodia and discussed inten ons to send another group to Cambodia, this me focusing on youth par cipants. The visit was considered to be an expression of solidarity between Japan and Cambodia, and furthermore, between East Asia and Southeast Asia.
Preparing Myanmar Civil Society for Elec ons
CPCS con nued to work to build the capacity of Myanmar civil society in 2010 by ini a ng a project to raise awareness and commitment of Myanmar civil society in working towards free and fair and credible democra c elec ons. The project brought three groups of civil society members from various organisa ons to Phnom Penh on an exposure visit in early part of the year, where par cipants learned about Cambodia’s experience with democracy, par cularly how civil society has sought to engage the electoral process in order to make it more meaningful, transparent and accountable. The exposure visits were followed by training in Yangon on various elec on-related issues and concepts, such as voters’ educa on and more carefully breaking down the electoral process and the ways civil society can engage with each process. One workshop par cipant, when comparing the situa on in Cambodia to Myanmar, said, “There are many chances to par cipate in the electoral process in Cambodia, which is di erent from those in Myanmar. But what we can do is to network and try to create and provide space for the other civil society groups to come together and do something.” Two resource people from Cambodia facilitated the training, Koul Panha of COMFREL and Ok Serei Sopheak of COPCEL,
and have made themselves available for future consulta ve work on elec ons in Myanmar with CPCS.
RPP Evalua on of the Ac on Asia Myanmar Programme
In June, CPCS conducted an evalua on of its Ac on Asia Myanmar programme using the Reec ng on Peace Prac ce (RPP) framework. Two Ac on Asia members, Charmaine Baconga from Philippines and Fernando da Costa from Timor Leste evaluated the programme, and were assisted by two CPCS sta . The evaluators interviewed a variety of par cipants in the programme, including those involved in the programme’s incep on from 1999-2010.
The following are some important recommenda ons submi ed by the evaluators: • Organize a strategic planning for Myanmar Program to be par cipated in by Ac on Asia members in the country and strengthen commitment of members in becoming strategic partners to run and manage the Myanmar program • Con nue the conduct of the Conict Transforma on Course and more engagement in civic educa on • Con nue exposure program in other countries and cultures • Con nue lobbying on issues within the region and interna onal agencies • Strengthen networking and ac ve par cipa on in the INGO’s and local NGO’s forum and increase scope of partnership with other sectors • Linking peace building and economics • Establish an alterna ve informa on dissemina on mechanism.
The Conict Transforma on course has been opera ng in Myanmar since 2008. In 2010, the course brought together 25 par cipants from di erent civil society organisa ons. This is the third batch of students to go through the course, which began the rst module in September.
Lobbying and Advocacy Tour
Research inside Myanmar is no mean feat, and yet not impossible. The value of such research to the interna onal community and those who shape Myanmar related policy is invaluable. In 2010, through a wide network of partners and individuals across Myanmar, built up over ten years, CPCS was able to produce three publica ons raising the voices of people most directly a ected by those policies. Publica ons include Listening to Voices from Inside – Ethnic People Speak and Listening to Voices from Inside – People’s Perspec ves on Myanmar’s 2010 Elec on. While documen ng evidence and opinion from the ground is important, it only has meaning when it is in the hands of those who can make a di erence. While debate con nues to rage about which country or interna onal mechanism has the most leverage in Myanmar, CPCS con nued its mission to be er equip the interna onal actors to make informed policy choices. Consequently delega ons of Myanmar civil society leaders along with CPCS Director, Emma Leslie visited New York focusing on the United Na ons missions; Washington focusing on Congress and the State department; London, Dublin and Amsterdam focusing on members of parliament, civil servants and ministries of foreign a airs; Beijing focusing on media, university think tanks and inuen al individuals in the Myanmar China rela onship; Bangkok focusing on the Ministry of Foreign A airs and culmina ng with a seminar in Singapore with the Ins tute of South East Studies. While a whirlwind approach to global lobbying the linkages, rela onships and networks built through these visits have
Modular Course on Conict Transforma on
The Conict Transforma on Course aims to raise the level of awareness and commitment of Myanmar civil society members in building a posi ve peace. U lising the Centre’s exis ng networks in Myanmar, the course brings together various members from key civil society organisa ons for a four module course that explores the founda ons of conict transforma on and peacebuilding, and how to prac cally and strategically apply peacebuilding in the eld. Each module lasts six days and builds o from previous modules through experien al learning, where par cipants’ experiences and knowledge acquired during the course becomes a “living textbook” for the par cipant to draw from, thereby increasing individual capacity to ac vely relate and apply abstract theories and concepts to real-life situa ons.
started to prove cri cal. Feedback from policy makers has shown increases in humanitarian assistance to Myanmar, more nuanced diplomacy and a greater understanding of China’s complex poli cal role in Myanmar. Realising this global approach is unsustainable, CPCS hosted a mee ng of like minded organisa ons also engaged in promo ng perspec ves from inside Myanmar in the global arena. That mee ng helpfully aligned such e orts and in 2011 CPCS will focus its advocacy primarily in Asia with special a en on on ASEAN, India and China. CPCS is also intending to work more strategically with media, realising that it is signicant in shaping public opinion in Asia.
CPCS will provide more capacity-building projects in the coming months including a workshop on RPP to the NGO leaders, another cycle of modular course on Conict Transforma on and Peacebuilding and Peace Research Methodology workshop.
Emma Leslie, Ramji Neupane and Tulsi Nepal conducted a conict analysis and needs assessment in Manipur in September 2010 a er several a empts of arranging such visit because of the long and bureaucra c process to obtain Protected Area Permission to enter into Manipur. The visit
The Conict Transforma on and Peacebuilding Course in Orissa works with the same ideals as the parallel course in Myanmar described above. Via the use of exis ng networks in India, the four module program brings key members of civil society organisa ons together to explore the founda ons of conict transforma on, and how to apply strategic frameworks and theory to prac cal peacebuilding ini a ves in the eld. The course graduated its rst year of students on 20 April 2010 in Kathmandu, Nepal a er the exposure visit and module 4 with 25 individuals who fully par cipants in all 4 modules. A er the training, they have re-vitalized their network (where there are 12 NGOs) that was formed during Kandhmal conict in 2008. All the par cipants have drawn up an ac on plan for their individual organiza on. Mostly, they have planned to analyze the conict in their working area and to start taking ini a ves with the communi es they work by forming community level peace commi ees. SFDC is coordina ng among the network members. concluded that the local organiza ons striving for peace in Manipur are in need of outsiders like Ac on Asia primarily to help in bringing together various organiza ons to a common forum and analyze the situa on that poten ally leads to some collec ve ini a ves. During our visit, many of the organiza ons and individuals proposed us to support conduc ng the following ac vi es: conict analysis integra ng with the Reec ng on Peace Prac ce framework; Peace Journalism; Peace Research Methodology; and, documenta on of peace ini a ves that people have undertaken.
If these peace ini a ves will be materialized in near future, it was agreed that CPCS will partner with CPA (Change and Peacebuilding Ac on) and the Department of Manipur Studies Centre under the Manipur University. However, all other peacebuilding organiza ons would be involved in these ac vi es ini ally sending their par cipants and ul mately the bigger group could become a Strategy and Analysis Group in Manipur. All the people we met have acknowledged this approach.
When the Ac on Asia network was formed one of its main missions was to develop links between Asian peace builders so they can rely on each other for resources, models, frameworks and inspira on. It was in this vane that Kaloy Manlupig, President of Balay Mindanao, and independent secretariat of the GRP and his colleagues Franklin Quijano (former government nego ator) and the nego ator for the Revolu onary Worker’s Party - Mindanao visited Sri Lanka twice in early 2010. On both occasions, at the request of local partners and networks, o ered workshops showcasing
their own model of civil society led, community driven media on. While recognising that one model cannot neatly t into the context of another, the sharing of experience gave Sri Lankan peace workers, weary from the recent transi on in their conict, fresh ideas and inspira on for their work. Through dialoguing on another context par cipants were able to consider how they might re-align their e orts in the new Sri Lanka context of post war, but far from post conict. Owing to increased visa and travel restric ons for Sri Lankans around the region, the possibility for par cipa on in courses on Reec ng on Peace Prac ce Methodology in Nepal and Indonesia was denied. Consequently in late December, CPCS rallied Sri Lankan Ac on Asia members for their own workshop in RPP methodology. CPCS through Ac on Asia con nues to seek ways to support its Sri Lankan membership in this newly restricted context.
CPCS accepts consultancies which match its mission to strengthen strategic interven ons into violent conict in the Asia Pacic region. Naturally it is a source of income genera on towards CPCS’s goal of being 30% self su cient. CPCS o ers support through consultancy services in areas such as conict analysis, strategic planning, peace program design, training and research.
CONFLICT ANALYSIS, THAI BURMA BORDER CONSORTIUM AND CARITAS SWITZERLAND
Following the previous analysis done in 2009, CPCS expanded the scope to two addi onal camps – Mae La and Umpian Mai. Workshops on conict analysis were provided to camp leaders and ethnic commi ees. The analysis was enriched by interviews with Karen refugee Commi ee, the Karen Na onal Union , Thai Burma Border Consor um sta and camp leaders. Findings of the reports were presented to TBBC sta in Bangkok, as well as members of TBBC in their London mee ng.
school systems in Thailand. CPCS worked with the Commission to be er prole its work and to ar culate in strategy in addressing some of Thailand’s issues of jus ce and peace.
DEFINING PEACE PROGRAM, CATHOLIC COMMISSION ON JUSTICE AND PEACE THAILAND AND MISEREOR
The Catholic Commission on Jus ce and Peace in Thailand has developed signicant pieces of work in Southern Thailand and in delivering human rights educa on through the Catholic and government
Baht Latumbo co-facilitated for the PEACE II program in Kenya. PEACE II (Peace in East and Central Africa) is a regional Conict Preven on and Peacebuilding program, covering the Northernly Arc zone that is commonly referred to as the Somali and Karamoja clusters. This program is being implemented by Pact Inc. in partnership with PactKenya and a number of local organiza ons in the two clusters. The main goal of PEACE II is to enhance African leadership in the management of conict within the Horn of Africa. The workshop, from 19 to 25 July 2010 in Garissa, Kenya was a ended by 30 par cipants. “Making Change Happen: A Leadership Training for the Youth” was a seven day intensive workshop designed for youth leaders and peace workers from the Somali sub-cluster and Karamoja subcluster. The goal of the course was to deepen par cipants’ understanding of leadership, social change and conict transforma on at both a theore cal and prac cal level. Heavily drawing from their own knowledge and reec ve capacity, the par cipants conceptualized when and how their interven ons “make change happen.”
DO NO HARM CONSULTATION
From 22nd March to 2nd April, CPCS hosted a ‘Do No Harm Consulta on’. The purpose of the event was for CDA to be er understand the ways in which NGOs in Cambodia understand and apply the concept of ‘Do No Harm’ in their organisa ons. The intent of this consulta on was to introduce and provide a framework for NGO’s working in Cambodia, which can allow evalua on not only of the benets that various development projects bring to di erent regions, but more importantly the poten al nega ve externali es of their work, be these with conict related issues, or otherwise. The consulta on was facilitated by Marshall Wallace and Nicole Goddard of CDA’s Do No Harm Project, and Emily Brady, consultant to CDA. In a endance were over twenty civil society members from a range of organisa ons, including the U.S. Embassy, Church World Service, American Friends Service Commi ee, World Vision, Mennonite Central Commi ee.
Delia María Dávila Illescas
Since early January Delia started her internship with CPCS with a primary task of designing the future CPCS Peace Centre that would include o ces, a training room and dormitories for workshop par cipants. She has carefully conceptualized the architectural design of a 4-storey building that is basically inspired by the a ributes of a lotus ower.
Sopheada is Cambodian who joined CPCS from January to April. He coordinated the Myanmar Elec on Project that included exposure visits to Cambodia of members of various organiza ons from Myanmar in 3 di erent schedules. He also coordinated the visit of Transcend-Japan members in late April. Sopheada has extensive experience in research domes cally and interna onally including independent research in South Korea and Thailand as part of the research fellowships he was awarded. Also, he was involved in a number of peace building ac vi es, most no ceably the 1992-Human Rights Drawing Contest held by the United Na ons Transi onal Authority in Cambodia, the 2007-Young Leaders Summit held in Siem Reap by the Global Peace Ini a ve of Women, and the 2010-Building the Common Good in Asia: Future Leaders’ Dialogue held in Bangkok by the Building a Be er Asia. Sopheada holds a Masters degree in Interna onal Peace Studies from the United Na ons-mandated University for Peace, Costa Rica, in collabora on with Ateneo de Manila University, the Philippines, where he wrote his honorary thesis on “Foreign Aid-Corrup on Nexus in Cambodia: Its Consequences on the Propensity of Civil War”.
Delia has been o ered scholarship to a end the CPCS MA course on Applied Conict Transforma on Studies (ACTS). She nished her internship last week of November but will come back to Cambodia to pursue her ACTS course. Delia is a Guatemalan architect who graduated from the University of San Carlos de Guatemala. She is a member of the Center for Peace and Ac on for Conict Transforma on, PAZci, Guatemala. Delia par cipated in the ACTION America Dialogue Mee ng in Guatemala in 2008. She has a postgraduate degree in Urban Development and Real Estate Valua on.
Naw Ohnmar Shwe
From June to mid-October Ohnmar joined CPCS as intern for Myanmar Programme ac vi es and her rst task was to assist in the evalua on of Ac on Asia’s Myanmar Programme. She then organized the exposure visit to Cambodia of the women’s network from Myanmar during the last two weeks of September. Ohnmar is currently pursuing her Masters Degree in Interna onal Peace Studies at the University for Peace. She also par cipated in a modular course on Conict Transforma on and Peacebuilding which was given in Myanmar few years ago. Prior to this she worked with Swissaid Myanmar Programme, rst as an Administra ve O cer and Coordinator for Gender Promo on then became the organiza on’s Program O cer.
Molika is another Cambodian who is nishing her university course on Interna onal Rela ons at the Pannassastra University. Molika was with CPCS from mid-September un l end of January 2011. She assisted in the exposure visit of Myanmar Women’s Network last September, supported in organizing the Ac on Asia Peacebuilders’ Forum last October in Siem Reap, and helped in preparing and guiding the exposure visit of par cipants from Myanmar on the Modular Course on Conict Transforma on. CPCS agreed to support the Pannasastra University-Cambodia internship program by receiving two interns a year.
American Friends Service Commi ee CAFOD CDA Collabora ve Learning Projects ICCO Misereor Norwegian People’s Aid Oxfam Australia Pyoe Pyin S ch ng Building Capaci es for Peace Trocaire United Stated Ins tute for Peace
LISTENING TO VOICES FROM INSIDE: ETHNIC PEOPLE SPEAK
The Centre for Peace and Conict Studies in June 2010 released its second in the series of Myanmar publica on, Listening to Voices from Inside: Ethnic People Speak, that presents perspec ves from both majority and minority ethnic groups on the current situa on in Myanmar, specically ethnic rela ons and the challenges ethnic groups face. The research was conducted in July-August and September-October 2009, a me when tensions between ethnic insurgent groups and the government were par cularly tense. It was an intense process, taking the four researchers eleven months in total to complete the publica on. A total of 87 people were interviewed for this research, represen ng the eight major ethnic groups in Myanmar: Bamar, Chin, Kachin, Karen, Kayah, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. Their voices highlight the centrality of “the ethnic issue” in the Myanmar conict, arguing that it is a fundamental conict dynamic that must be be er understood by both domes c Myanmar civil society as well as the interna onal community if posi ve change is to be actualized in Myanmar.
REPRINT OF LISTENING TO VOICES FROM INSIDE: MYANMAR CIVIL SOCIETY’S RESPONSE TO CYCLONE NARGIS
Due to the overwhelming response to this landmark publica on, the Centre for Peace and Conict Studies has reprinted another 2000 copies of Listening to Voices from Inside: Myanmar Civil Society’s Response to Cyclone Nargis. The newly released edi on will include an updated Preface.
LISTENING TO VOICES FROM INSIDE: PEOPLE’S PERSPECTIVES ON MYANMAR’S 2010 ELECTION
The third in the series, Listening to Voices from Inside: People’s Perspec ves on Myanmar’s 2010 Elec on combines research from the Ethnic People Speak project with data collected from the Centre’s work on building the capacity of Myanmar civil society to engage the electoral process and democracy in early 2010. This publica on presents the six perspec ves towards the elec on that were raised by interviewees in the Ethnic People Speak project, and are expanded on with data from the elec ons project. This small publica on aims to increase interna onal knowledge of how local civil society actors perceive the elec on and the poten al opportuni es it may bring. It also explores poten al forces which may posi vely or nega vely a ect the elec on as iden ed by local civil society actors.
LISTENING PROJECT FIELD VISIT REPORT: MYANMAR/ BURMA
This collabora ve e ort between CDA Collabora ve Learning Projects, CPCS and Myanmar-based Nyein Founda on explores the impacts of interna onal assistance in Myanmar. The project sought to “listen” to recipients and deliverers of interna onal assistance as a means of improving those prac ces at both country and global levels. The data collec on for this project was conducted in the la er half 2009, but was not publicly released un l early 2010. This publica on is available for download on both the CPCS and CDA websites.
FROM STREET FIGHTERS TO PEACE BUILDERS: THE STORIES OF TRANSFORMATION IN TIMOR LESTE’S MARTIAL ARTS LEADERS
This publica on, supported by Oxfam Australia, is the inspira onal story of a conict transforma on program that took place from May 2006 un l July 2008 in Timor Leste, formally known as East Timor. The book tracks everything from the projects birth and discusses frameworks and methodologies used by CPCS and Ac on Asia in order to maximise the benets brought about by their interven ons. It examines the barriers that had to be broken down in order to create posi ve change and the challenges that were faced throughout the process, most interes ngly the response received from the indigenous people. The book is available to download free on our website.
BUDDHA OF THE BATTLEFIELD IN KHMER
In June 2010 the Centre for Peace and Conict Studies translated and released San dhammo Bhikku’s famous book on Maha Gosananda, The Buddha of the Ba leeld, in Khmer. This publica on aims to increase Cambodian’s knowledge and understanding of this dynamic and crucial gure in Cambodian history. It was distributed to various civil society actors in Cambodia, specically to local and interna onal NGOs with a focus on peacebuilding and conict transforma on. The book is also available to download for free on our website.
CPCS Board Members
(from le ) Yayah Khisbiyah, Simon Fisher, Neb Sinthay, Dekha Ibrahim Abdi, Soth Plai Ngarm
(front row from le ) Chea Sophiep, Dara Pichmolika, Delia Maria Davila Illescas, Baht Latumbo, Sem Tola Sreypeou, Um Sotheavy; (back row from le ) Mark Channsitha, Monica Alfred, Mark Satvansay, Tulsi Nepal, Chhit Maria, Emma Leslie
The Centre for Peace and Conict Studies is home to a range of interconnected programmes that promote the advancement of peace processes, research and learning. It creates opportuni es for prac oners, students, academics and analysts to access informa on and resources that are contextually grounded.
Centre for Peace and Conict Studies PO Box 2552 Phnom Penh 3 Cambodia www.centrepeaceconictstudies.org
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