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SYNOPSIS

A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION


WITH REFERENCE
PROCON IT INDIA CHENNAI.

INDEX

INTRODUCTION OF THE STUDY 2

NEED OF THE STUDY 3

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 4

RESEARCH AND METHODOLOGY 5

SCOPE OF THE STUDY 10

LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY 11

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INTRODUCTION OF THE STUDY

Motivation is a chief factor playing important and unique role

in behavior of the people it is deciding the behavior and action of human being

toward their work. The motivation has been developed in the mind of the

people by creating comfortable working environment and encouraging,

supporting leadership. Also the motivation may influence by social factor,

work factor and leadership factor. Based on the motivation the person attitude

or performances are varying to the task. It is difficult to describe the motivation

of the group of workers in general.

Even it is difficult for a researcher to the find the individual’s

motivation of the workers. The leader has to identify and analyze the

motivational factor of the people to offer and incentives, rewards and

recognition…Etc. The motivating attitude about the organization and

managers help the leaders to change and adopt the strategy to fit with the

workers and to improve the performance in a better and effective way.

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NEED OF THE STUDY

 Motivated employees are always looking for the better ways to do the
jobs.

 A motivated employee is more quickly oriented.

 Highly motivated workers are more productive.

 Every organization requires human resources.

 Their behavior has motivated towards the organizational goals.

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OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

 To study the basic motivators.

 To evaluate the effective motivation measures given to the employees.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

 To analyze the motivation level of the employees in the organization.

 To suggest and improve measures to promote motivation.

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RESEARCH AND METHODOLOGY

Methodology is a plan of action for a research project and

explains in details how data are collected, analyzed and presented so that

they will provide meaningful information. This section gives enough

background of the individual’s motivation at work, which are collected from the

specific category of workers.

RESEARCH DESIGN:

Research design is a basic framework, which provides

guidelines for the whole research process. The research design specifies the

method for data collection and data analysis. The research design specifically

deals with following questions.

• How data could be collected?

• Which instruments for data collection should be used?

• What sampling plan should be used?

DESCRIPTIVE STUDY:

MEANINGS:

It involves surveys and fact-finding enquires of different kinds.

The major purpose of descriptive research is the description of the state of

affairs, as it exits at present. The main characteristic of this method is that the

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researcher has no control over the variables; he can only report what has

happened or what is happening. The researcher seeks to measure such items

as, for example, frequency of shopping, attitudes of people.

The type of research selected for this project is “descriptive

research”. Descriptive research describes the state of affairs, as it exists.

NATURE AND SOURCES OF DATA:

MEANING:

Data refers to information or facts. It includes numerical

figures, non-numerical figures, and descriptive facts, qualitative and

quantitative information. the task of data collection begins after a research

problem has been defined and research plan has been decided.

Type of data to be used is primary data. Using structured

questionnaire, which means, all respondents would be given the same set of

questions and they would be informed about the purpose of the study, for

collecting the primary data.

PRIMARY DATA:

The primary data are those that are collected for first time and

thus happen to be original in character. The primary data to be used for this

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project is to be collected using questionnaires. The information would be

collected from the employees through personal contacts.

SECONDARY DATA:

The secondary data about the company profile and other details

would be collected from the company website and through personal

discussion with the company manager.

CONSTRUCTION OF QUESTIONNAIRE:

In constructing the questionnaire, care is to be taken to envisage

the difficulties that the difficulties that the respondents may face while

answering them. Rough listings of questions would be made, then it would be

scrutinized and modifications will be made after consulting with the guide.

QUESTIONNAIRE DESIGN:

The structured questionnaires that are to be framed and designed

would be consisting of closed ended questions.

SAMPLING PROCEDURE:

Simple random sampling has to be used in the study. Simple

random sampling would be used for selecting of homogenous sample for the

study. It refers to selecting a sample of study objects on conveniently located.

Research findings based on Simple random sampling. However, can not be

generalized. It is also know as probabilistic sampling.

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SAMPLE SIZE:

Sample size refers to the number of items to be selected from the

population to constitute sample, an optimum sample size is one fulfils the

requirements of efficiency representatives, reliability and flexibility. Keeping all

these factors in mind the sample size taken would be 120.

STATISTICAL TOOLS TO BE APPLIED:

To analyze the data and to interpret the results, various tools to be

are applied.

They are:

• Percentage analysis

• Chi square test

PERCENTAGE ANALYSIS:

It helps to find percentage values for all questions,

No. of respondent

Percentage =………………………………. X 100

Total respondents

CHI-SQUARE TEST:

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The Chi-square test is an important test among the

several test of significance developed by statisticians. Chi-square test is a

statistical measures used in the context of sampling analysis for comparing a

variance to a theoretical variance.

FORMULA:

Ψ² = Σ

Ei = (Row total X column total)

Grand total

D.O.F=(Row-1)(Column-1)

Where

Oi→ observed frequency of respondents.

Ei→ expected frequency of respondents.

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SCOPE OF THE STUDY

 The study can focus the needs for motivation.

 It tries to find out the extent of the motivation.

 The study can provide improved strategy to promote the motivation.

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LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

 Limited statistical tools are used for this study.

 The opinion of the respondents is accepted as true and valid.

 Time is one of the limitations of the study.

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