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BIMARU State: A Bimar state or a state of Bimars
By amolvyawahare

Bimar: A bimar can be defined as one who is sick, or ill or not physically fit. And to take forward this definition of bimar then the person who is bimar cannot be competitive or cannot progress by virtue of his being not physically fit. Going by this definition of bimar, let¶s try to apply this concept to the so called BIMARU states of India. Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh are so called BIMARU States of India. I was taken aback when I heard first time our big boss addressing the state of MP as one of the BIMARU states. No wonder why they are called BIMARU state especially if a person is coming from a place which is quite developed. Here are few observations which justifies the bimar nature of these states (even though my observation is pertaining to only one BIMARU state) A bimar person takes long time to complete his/her work as compared to a person who is physically fit. Drawing the analogy to the road construction efforts put by the government of MP, then I am about to complete my 2 years course of MBA but the roads which were started for construction are not even halfly constructed. If you get caught near Rau (a small village near IIM Indore) railway crossing then you should start praying for god. It takes almost 20 mins for the gates to re-open. The tragedy is that there is Rau railway station near the railway crossing. So whenever the signal for the incoming train goes to the guard at the railway crossing, he closes the gate for the traffic. The train comes and takes a halt of 7-8 mins at the railway station (you can see that the railway is standing at the station) and then at a very slow speed crosses the gate just to find out that the train is a passengers train (I mean not a fast or a superfast train). The boogies are almost empty and the train has 18 boogies attached to it. Nobody even tries to care to notify to the railway officials that there is no need for such a long train for a small journey distance of 70 kms. This shows that a

Orissa also has a good development (8. government is by the people and for the people.45. Also these speed breakers were constructed on a road on which only few numbers of vehicles ply daily. for example has broken the two digits figure.31 in the same period. The traffic sense is zero and people living here do not wish to follow the traffic guidelines. awaken by CT Nilesh Bihar. but the people living in this locality are bimar. Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.74%).35. India is a democratic country and the states also follow the same.03. The strangest thing which I saw recently was 4 speed breakers in a distance of less than 40 meters with 3 bumps in every breaker. Sometimes I think that how can a state be a bimar state. Uttarahkand (that was part of Uttar Pradesh) had an average of 9. It¶s the responsibility of the people living in any area t help make their area a better place to live and help in its development. Jharkhand (that was part of Bihar) had a growth of 8. The government officials are those people who live in this locality. Bihar has clocked an 11% GDP for the last year. Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Madhya Pradesh. Also the economic and overall development is low as compared to other states. The road conditions are pathetic with tons of dust lying on the streets and one can find many potholes on the roads. Bihar average growth had been 11. It¶s their duty to take care of such things with due attention and help in developing these states. So atleast somebody has started paying attention to their homeland to help its development. Madhya Pradesh. But corruption. They had been called Bimaru (in Hindi language means sick) the four Indian states: Bihar. . The other BIMARU states should also take a leaf out of the Bihar¶s efforts and help in making their state a developed state. Bihar. leaving very poor groups in the population. Chhattisgarh (that was part of Madhya Pradesh) a good growth of 7. the most poor states in India along with Orissa. Three of these states had .49. From 2004 to 2009. terrorism and Maoism is also growing because the wealth of these states is not distributed equitably. but now they are catching up and also performing better than the Indian average of 8. once called "the sick states" have increased their development up to 11%.bimar person don¶t want to pay attention to the things around him as he thinks that he is unable to do anything. And in democratic country. State is not bemaar. their mentality is bimar because these are the people who live there and represent their states.

1. These states were recipient of large sized core infrastructure. ‡ Kwench Library Solutions. Orissa maintained its place at the top slot carving third position.01. according to an ASSOCHAM study.05. like Jharkhand.. the chief minister of Bihar. . The chief minister. Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh have recorded maximum rise in their rankings on ASSOCHAM Investment Meter (AIM). the economic gap between some poor and rich states is shrinking dramatically. That can show that smaller states can perform better or that development produce the need of autonomy.been carved out in 2000. Maoism. Yet.. Under the previous administration of Lalu Prasad. the one-time BIMARU States have shed their old image to emerge as `preferable destinations¶ among the investors¶ circle. Yet he should be praised for making Orissa stage a huge turnaround. States like Rajasthan. Chhattisgarh an Orissa suggest a widespread tribal distress. Even as the corporate investment plans registered major fall during the last three months. According to the latest findings of the AIM study ³Shifting Investment Destinations´. 4. Uttaranchal and Tamil Nadu. His image as a clean politician has been tarnished recently by report of widespread corruption. The findings of ASSOCHAM Investment Meter (AIM) has revealed that during October-December 2007-08 the total investment plans were to the extent of Rs.74%. with its annual growth of 11.03 represents the fastest growing state in India together with Gujarat 11. terrorism and corruption are growing. is also remarkable.262 crore only. The states which witnessed plunge in their investment rankings include West Bengal..09. credit crunch and declining demand have thwarted investment plans of corporate India and expression of investment plans has registered a dip by 75 per cent in the third quarter of the current financial year (2008-09) as compared to the corresponding period of the last year (2007-08). While the Indian economy is grappling with world-wide recession and credit crunch. 8. ‡ SETU software systems. ‡ PSUs priority for job seekers. Bihar was at the bottom of development. Rajasthan has topped the investment charts during October to December 2008-09 from thirteenth place during the corresponding period of the previous financial year. Fast growth in poor states does not automatically mean that growth has reached all poor people. Major beneficiaries include a creamy layer of politically well-connected people. The next big investment destinations also witnessed major shift as second place was occupied by Madhya Pradesh as compared to the sixth place last year. So the fast development of India is not only produced or in favor of the already industrialized states but is spreading also to the less developed areas of the country. The spread of Maoism in some of these states. The poor states remain far behind the rest of India. Nveen Patnaik hs been a major force in accelerating growth and stabilizing state finances. The dark clouds of economic slowdown. The same credit should be given to Nitish Kumar. Bihar.441 crore while in the same period of the current fiscal announcements totaled to Rs.. metal and mining and energy projects most of which are facing hurdles due to credit availability. and the murder of Christians s a blot on his secular record.. Orissa¶s performance.. since 10 years ago it had the worst fiscal indicators among all the states. Jharkhand. a net drop by 75 per cent. Land acquisition problems and Maoist violence have highlighted continuing tribal travails.

infrastructure sector have been cited by the industrialist for investment in the region. real state and power. with a meager share of 2 per cent in the total capex. Among the states.000 crore. its share was 3.³Credit crunch. the investment attracting prominent sectors were steel and real estate. registering a de-growth of 48 per cent.8 per cent share) to Rs. However. contributing a share of 18 per cent in Q3 FY¶08 to Rs.925 crore) from 7th position (Rs. in the third quarter of the current year India Inc. 69. 12. in the same period of the previous fiscal. expressed to invest Rs. Andhra Pradesh at 8th rank (Rs. Maharashtra alone contributed a share of 23 per cent in the total investments were by. However. 3. Energy and food processing sectors have attracted the Indian industrialists for the region. with a share of 12.545 crore) from 10th position (Rs.800 crore in Oct-Dec 2007-08 to Rs.6 per cent in the total investments. have witness a jump in the investment ranking order from 8th to 5th position during Oct-Dec 2007-08 to Oct-Dec 2008-09. during the same period of the previous fiscal investment plans in the state were Rs.400 crore) from 14th place (Rs. during October-December 2007-08. a decline of 53 per cent has been registered from Rs. 2.210 crore.´ said Sajjan Jindal. delay in infrastructure developments. 6. 52. has been the top investment destination for India Inc.4 per cent of the total investments. it slipped to 4th position in the third quarter of the current year with Rs. hurdles in legal procedures and political instability have effected investments across the states. UP occupied 7th rank (Rs. 12. The third largest state of India. The amount planned for investment in Madhya Pradesh have declined from Rs. making considerable shift in their ranks.096 crore) in Q3 FY¶08. 11.634 crore.687 crore in Oct-Dec 2008-09. The desert state of India registered nearly 245 per cent growth in investment announcements on qo-q basis. with top sectors being hospitality. The state contributed a share of 13. real estate and textiles. The state¶s contribution in the overall investments during the third quarter of FY¶09 was 11 per cent. President ASSOCHAM. 1. Hospitality and FMCG were the sectors that attracted investment plans during the period.355 crore (11 per cent share) respectively. 2. 102 crore in Rajasthan.2 per cent in total investments during Q3 FY¶09. with major sector being metals & mining as compared to a share of 4. with prominent sector being infrastructure. contributing a share of 22. Maharashtra. steel and textiles during Oct-Dec 2007-08.997 crore. registering a negative growth of 91 per cent during the period. with major plans of investments in real estate. In terms of the amount of investments announced for the state.1 . The amount of investment expressed by India Inc for the state has registered a major decline of 88 per cent during the period.892 crore). 1.3 per cent in total investments for the same quarter of the previous fiscal. In the third quarter of the current fiscal. during Q3 FY¶09 Gujarat carved 6th place (Rs. However. The mineral rich state of Orissa has witnessed a significant dip in the amount of investment being planned for the state by the corporate sector from Rs. Haryana at 9th postion during both the periods (to Rs.063 crore).11.6 per cent in the total investments during the third quarter of FY¶09. 5. 1. with prominent sector being infrastructure. 6. In the same period of the current fiscal the state contributed a share of 11. Among the next five states. however. The southern state of Karnataka. 5.8 per cent in the total investments. 7. with major investment attracting sectors were steel.595 crore (3.685 crore in Q3 FY¶08. with total announcement plans of Rs.

Madhya Pradesh. 8. the Hindi states were denied proper share of the development funds in each five year plan. 2.891 crore) and Tamil Nadu slipped to 10th position (Rs. is attracting corporate investors mainly due to the planned NCR region of Noida & Ghaziabad that are near to the capital city of India. It has recently been modified to include Odisha (then Orissa) in the list. expressed to invest around Rs. in the late 80s. as compared to Rs. economic . 625 crore) in the same period of the current fiscal.498 crore) in third quarter of 2007-08 dropped to 13th position (Rs.413 crore) respectively. 1. 60. Along with. the infrastructure barred state of Bihar was unable to attract corporate investors in any sector. Uttar Pradesh) is an epithet coined by taking the first letter of four northern Indian states: Bihar.783 crore) slipped to 15th place (232 crore) during the periods respectively BIMARU (for BIhar. two Indian states that were strongly placed among the top 10 investment attracting states during Oct-Dec 2007-08.545 crore largely in the real estate sector. Jharkhand. Indian industrialists are planning to tap the resources in education and IT/ITes sectors with corporates expressing to investment around Rs 304 crore in the region during the third quarter of the current fiscal. Until third quarter of the previous fiscal. Afraid that these staes could demand their fair share. West Bengal with second position (Rs.8 per cent in the investment announcements by the corporate sector during the period. In Q3 FY¶09 India Inc. Delhi. However. slipped among the league of low investment attracting states in Q3 FY¶09.67 crore from Rs. resulting in the acronym BIMAROU. The state witness a jump of 26. 18. MAdhya Pradesh.892 crore in the ITes and real estate sector during the third quarter of the previous fiscal. 1. Rajasthan. with the state government efforts in the development of the state. Rajasthan. 23. However. andUttar Pradesh. The northern state of India. Contents [hide] 1 Historical background 2 Recent developments 3 Population growth 4 Literacy rates 5 Health care 6 Economic growth 7 References 8 External links 9 See also [edit]Historical background Right from the time of independence.040 crore) from a strong 4th position (Rs. that occupied 5th position (Rs. Uttar Pradesh.

74%). Orissa (8.9 in the link.31%). Kerala was the state with the highest population density [5]. The said Ashish Bose and a few others used this term to lampoon the Hindi speaking states Bihar.45%) Chhattisgarh (7. As a result.35%) [4] [edit]Population growth Notably. the higher than average population growth rate is a recent phenomenon. As late as 1981. they started to grow very fast. ignoring urban city like Delhi. Jharkhand (8. as soon as the fruits of liberalization reached these states. Only 21 % of all primary With the empowerment of the states. This is remarkable since the habitable portion of Kerala as a percent of the total area is much smaller than the Gangentic plains states with their highly fertile land. [edit]Literacy rates [6] Statistics show that there is a lower literacy rate[citation needed]. Over the last five years. the statistics are beginning to .analyst Ashish Bose coined the epithet BIMARU. literally perennially ill. However. Rajasthan and Uttarpradesh. [edit]Recent developments Over the decade Odisha + BIMARU states remained where they were while other regions of India moved ahead. Bihar in particular has averaged 11. Madhya Pradesh. the policies are being modified. Such thinking was picked up by several other similar people who created a myth of something being inherently wrong with these states. However. what is not highlighted is that plans were never conceived taking in consideration the cultural landscape of these states. Latter Odisha was included in the list. Thus it became the second fastest growing state just few points behind of Gujarat (11. observed since the 1970s only[citation needed] . A recent survey by National University of Educational Planning & Administration or UNEPA has determined that quality of teachers in BIMARU states is better than all India. Other BIMAROU States have shown similar growth     Uttrakhand (9. Ashish Bose never bothered to study the reasons of the continued backwardness of these states but tried to show them as genetically bad.[1]. change [7].05%) . Please read page 19 for changes in Bihar.03% growth annually. [2][3] A section of these states are also a part of Red Corridor which has its nerve centre in Andhra Pradesh and extends to Maharashtra and West Bengal. See Table 1.

This has left little scope for agricultural research in Bihar. Clearly then numbers either in parliament or in the government have not served the people of the two states. The rest are better educated. For example.school teachers in Bihar and 12. though being an agrarian state. These figures compare favourably with other developed states with Gujarat being the worst and Karnataka being the second worst. food subsidy is one of the biggest expenditure of the central government for poverty alleviation scheme [11]. This is a direct result of the apathy of the central government. [edit]Economic growth The low economic growth appears to be a direct result of the skewed policy of the central government [14]. does not have even one of the dozen odd agricultural research laboratories where the central government pumps in millions of dollars. However. Yet again. due to continued apathy and wrong policies pursued by the government. the central government has continued to give lavish grants to the richer states at the cost of poorer states [10] . For example. A closer analysis shows that the Hindi speaking states were much better off at the time of independence needed] [citation needed] . Uttar Pradesh had the second highest per capita income in India in 1947 [citation needed] [citation . particularly at the primary level. Bihar had a per capita income 5% higher than the national average . Economist Mohan Guruswamy is one of the few who has tried to get into the reasons. The PUSA institute built by the noted American philanthropist Phillips near Samastipur in 1905 [15] was shifted to Delhi [16]. He says " If politics were mostly about the allocation of resources. A large part of it goes into the hands of the rich farmers of Punjab in the name of minimum support price and their inferior quality grain then rots in the godowns of the Food Corporation of India [12]. Renowned educationists have asked for a complete overhaul of the educational system. particularly the southern states. surely Bihar and UP should have done better in terms of what they have got so far. the key index of average life span appears to indicate that the Hindi speaking states are better than the non Hindi ones. Defying all logic. these states could not get adequate resources for their development. the state of Bihar. these state started to lag behind It is one of the enigmas that in spite of the large representation in the parliament. . [edit]Health [9] [8] care There is a below average ratings on nearly all health-care indices[citation needed]." [13] .8% in UP are Matriculates or lower. One explanation could be that the states with aggressive regional parties at the helm with a tradition of strong regional sentiments like Tamil Nadu or Andhra Pradesh or Gujarat have done better at attracting the Central Government¶s concerns and winning a larger share of resources. table 4. [13] page 13.

viz coal and steel. are examples of such ivory tower planners who have been at the root of the continued backwardness of these states. Today Bihar produces less than 2% of the sugar of India. the most modern irrigation system of Bihar is the British built Son Command Canal System which was opened for use in 1890s.[citation needed] The Indian government's Freight Equalisation Scheme (FES) which sought to neutralize the geographical advantages of Bihar.000 km away in Tamil Nadu. Muzaffarpur is the . for example.[citation needed] The scheme was in operation till the mid nineties.[citation needed] Thus the decision makers.The differences in economic and population growth rates between the BIMARU states and other Indian states sharpened over the 1990s. the investment to manage this has been rather meager. some 3. This region is the biggest producer of steel. compared to 6. However. FES was applied for only those items which gave advantage to Bihar. A tonne of coal or steel in Dhanbad was sought to be priced the same as say at Kanyakumari. its alignment would not serve the population of these states. Most of the decision makers of august bodies like planning commission are not from these states.[citation needed] Even though the socialist era in India was known for large infrastructure projects. the income disparity between the BIMARU states and India as a whole also increased. the HQ of Coal India Ltd is in West Bengal.[citation needed] However. [citation needed] Sadly. Above mentioned Ashish Bose. No noteworthy public sector industry has its head quarters in these states. far removed from these states. the sugar industry of Bihar and east Uttar Pradesh was brought to its knees. Montek Singh Ahluwalia etc. are apathetic to the needs of the people from these states. However. the HQ of Steel Authority of India is at Delhi. not. Another unfortunate example is the sugar policy. For example. The banks which were based out of these states were merged with bigger entities which had their HQ elsewhere. Banking industry was nationalized in the sixties.5% per year for India as a whole[citation needed].6% per year in the 1990s. Coal is largely produced in these states. This thoroughly ill conceived policy was kept in operation until it managed to break the back of the most industrialized region of India which was referred as the 'Ruhr' of India at the time of independence. due to discriminatory policies and lack of research into the local sugar cane varieties. A fourth is the lack of perspective in the planning exercise.[citation needed] A third is the lack of investment in irrigation and flood control. the advantage that a Chennaienjoyed due to being a port city. even though large portions of the national highway schemes: the Golden Quadrilateral and the East West corridor pass through the so called BIMARU states. Since population growth in the BIMARU states was much higher that the Indian average in this period. There has been no effort to involve the local population of these states in the planning process. This is in sharp contrast to projects like Bhakra Nangal Dam in Punjab. the Godavari project in Gujarat and so on. Bihar produced 25% of India's sugar. At the time of independence and well into the fifties. The economy of the four BIMARU states grew at an average of 4. In spite of the highest incidence of floods in this region.

. but when it comes to basic immunisation services for children in poor rural areas. The state recently fought to have the debilitating provisions of the central sugar policy revoked. The term draws its name from the first letters of the four states. there has also been a change in the geographic composition of these states. The colonially minded central planners completely failed to discern the gross inadequacy of their plans as they built highways as if they were meant to transport troops and supplies over an enemy territory. urban areas and services sector. farm growth is just two percent. "India may be a world leader in computer software. Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh were blocking India's progress and had coined the descriptive 'Bimaru' for them.. investment in the tourism infrastructure of Bodh Gaya. It also notes while rural employment is rising." it . Let alone the main alignment. confirming noted demographer Ashish Bose's 'Bimaru' theory. Patna.only town of any significance in the whole of Bihar and Jharkhand put together that would be served by these highways. the record is less than impressive. is rather conspicuous by its absence. Bihar is seeing a revival. while seeking answers to another paradox in India as to why accelerated income growth has not resulted in faster reduction of poverty. Gaya or Jamshedpur. less progress has been made in the northern states. says a UN report.[citation needed] Similarly. The smaller units are less reluctant to ask for their fair share from the central kitty. Since 2005." it says. The result is that 25 new sugar factories have been committed by private entrepreneurs in the state over the last year or so. which literally means sick in Hindi.[citation needed] NEW DELHI: India continues to face the paradox of some states in the north in abject poverty and others in the south registering dynamic growth. Madhya Pradesh being bifurcated into Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh being bifurcated into Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Latest figures show that it is self sufficient in food[citation needed]. Bose had offered insights into how Bihar. . In a study in 2001. Dhanbad. "Growth has been most dynamic in other states. Madhya Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal... there is no provision even for by-passes to serve towns such as Ranchi. Madhya Pradesh.The UNDP report says while rural poverty has fallen rapidly in some states such as Gujarat and Tamil Nadu. Since 2000. "Extreme poverty is concentrated in rural areas of the northern poverty-belt states including Bihar. with Bihar being bifurcated into Bihar andJharkhand. the most revered place of the Buddhists the world over." says UNDP's Human Development Report for 2005 released globally Wednesday.

As you have drawn the the term BIMARU which implies sick in india. Agree (0)Disagree (0)Recommend (0)Offensive () 09 Sep. We have come quite far too since the day we got our independence. navneeth rao karingula (hyderabad) 05 Sep. basic health & sanitation. Unless our system reach out to these less privileged section and provide them what are their basic rights like any other Indian citizens how can we see Indian growth reaching to any new heights. are undermining the potential for growth into human development. basic health & sanitation. Since Schools.adds. In particular. The dark circle of corruption has encircled the system of these states so much so that nothing is being done towards the development of these states. Many remote parts of northern states are still the same in terms of development what they were 20 or 30 years back. Since Schools. Agree (1)Disagree (0)Recommend (0)Offensive () 09 Sep. A country who is thinking of technology boom and also its human brain is at high demand in the world market. back at home in rural areas one could still see the future of our country playing in mud or sitting ideally rather than learning in classroom. but one in every 11 Indian children dies in the first five years of life for lack of low-technology. 2010 06:40 PM First of all thank you for the indepth insight into the fate of some states in India. "Some of India's southern cities may be in the midst of a technology boom. A country who is thinking of technology boom and also its human brain is at high demand in the world market. The dark circle of corruption has encircled the system of these states so much so that nothing is being done towards the development of these states. We have come quite far too since the day we got the independence.it would have been appreciative if you could have given the healing treatment to the sick part of India and i woild like to ad point that most of the resources (ex:coal in bihar) has been extracted from these states and subsidy is being enjoyed by the so called develped state. interacting with rural poverty and inequalities among states. back at home in rural areas one could still see the future of our country playing in mud or sitting ideally rather than learning in classroom. 2005 08:01 PM Like any pride citizen we Indian always have visualised our country to become world⼌s leader in all aspect. "The deeper problem facing India is its human development legacy. housing and drinking water facilities are just a dream for them. 2005 08:01 PM Like any pride citizen we Indian always have visualised our country to become world⼌s leader in all aspect. housing and drinking water facilities are just a dream for them." India continues to languish at 127th position among 177 nations in this year's Human Development Index. even as it has been hailed as a major success story on globalisation. Many remote parts of northern states are still the same in terms of development what it were 20 or 30 years back. pervasive gender inequalities. electricity. low-cost interventions." says the report. In this current state how can you build these states and alleviate poverty in these regions. Unless our system reach out to these less privileged section and provide them what are their basic rights like any other Indian citizens how can we see Indian growth reaching to any new heights. electricity. But the harsh reality of our economy remains more or less the same if we see our human development indicator. . But the harsh reality of our economy remains more or less the same if we see our human development indicator.