EL 105 Situational Writing www.englishcafe.wordpress.


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EL 105 Situational Writing Learning Objective : Learn to write clearly for various situations This module tackles the philosophy and formats of 4 types of situational writing, section 2 of “1127/01 Composition” in the English 'O' Level Examination. Using various resources, students will take a closer look at Letter Writing, Report, Speech, Narrative Account and Others.

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Content* Introduction to Situational Writing 1. Purpose 2. Types 3. Formats 4. Language Informal Letter Writing (Main) Formal Letter Writing (Main) Report Writing (Main) Speech Writing (Main) Writing Skills for Situational Writing Topic Sentences Varied Sentences Transitional Words Brochure (Minor) Challenging Questions for Advanced Writers Marking Scheme

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*compulsory curriculum


Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10

EL 105 Situational Writing www.englishcafe.wordpress.com

A. Introduction to Situational Writing 1. Purpose : Why should we write differently for different situations? Some of the purposes behind certain situations are − complete a task − build relationship − account for facts − persuade an audience − relay information Think...     Why would you write a resume? Why would you write a fund raising letter? Why would you write a complaint letter? Why would you write a speech?

Situational Writing is designed to help you apply your writing skills in the real world. In this module, you will learn to position your writing so as to convey a specific message to the receiver. 2. Types : What kind of writings should we be learning? There are a few types of situational writing that we will look at : informal letter writing, formal letter writing, speech, report, and information brochure. Exercise 1 Match the types of situational writing to the blanks below. 1. __________________ Hong Ling had a bad day at work. She writes an email to her sister, Bing Bing, who is overseas. 2. __________________ Bing Bing works at Microsoft in Virginia, USA as the publicity officer. She writes to the editor of the local newsletter to inform them of the latest gadget to be unveiled at the Microsoft conference later in the year. 3. __________________ Michael, the editor of the local newspaper is interested to announce the latest gadget from Microsoft. The product is called the Personal Phone and contains the following conveniences :  3 mm thick and credit card size  state of the art 5 way conference  2 gigabytes worth of space for images  crystal clear voice reception in any part of the world 4. __________________ Cheryl bought the Personal Phone immediately after reading about in the papers. She was so excited about her new purchase that she did not notice the man with the long beard next to her. In an instant, he snatched the new phone that Cheryl had saved up for and ran off with it. She screamed for help but no one heard her. In the end she had to call the police. 5. __________________ The Singapore Police Force will be hosting the Long Service Award Night. All the top police officers and politicians will be there to be part of the event. Patrick Soh, a long serving police officer, will be receiving his award that night.The Singapore Police Force Chairperson, Hong Ling, will introduce Patrick Soh to the stage.
2 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10

3 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . Are the formats still applicable in today's world? How has technology affected the nature of situational writing presentation? Exercise 2 Figure out which shape below belongs to which type of situational writing and guess what the various rectangles represent.com 3.EL 105 Situational Writing www.wordpress.englishcafe. Formats : How are the kinds of writing presented? Formats help the readers recognise the nature of the article.

EL 105 Situational Writing www..... on behalf of the class. write a letter to the principal. This was how it went for your class : “We did exceedingly well in our volunteer work with a local charity. writing a letter to the president requires a formal tone as compared to writing to your friend..com 4.” As the class chairperson.. and learnt valuable lessons on helping others. Exercise 3 Look at the situation below and plan your writing. 4 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . I will not include.wordpress. You should also include why the other option was not chosen. You have finished a week's course. For example. Register (what kind of words would you choose?) I will be. during the holidays with your class which your school kindly sponsored. what should you not say?) Register (what kind of words would you choose?) As each of these elements plays a vital role in the writing process. Why? You should use CAPTOR to plan your writing : 1. 3.. to thank him. writing to publicise an event for your school is different from reporting an accident for the police.. 4. Purpose (Why?) The purpose is to.. The letter should be set out in an appropriate format. Language : How do we write effectively for different situations? Because the context for each situational writing is different. Our class learnt how to empathise with the disadvantaged.. they should be incorporated in the planning stages before the production of the written piece. Your essay should be between 250-350 words. what should you not say?) I will include. the language will shaped according to the receiver's need.. Audience (who is it for?) I am writing to. to inform him of how the course went. 6.. including any achievements that your class made. A Volunteer Work with a Charity. The holiday was a timely season for charity work. 5.englishcafe. Out of Bound (What should you only put in. Write the formal letter in an appreciative and polite tone. 2.... Your Writing Plan Context (what is going on?) I am involved in. Type (what kind of writing would you write?) I will choose. Context (what is going on?) Audience (who is it for?) Purpose (Why?) Type (what kind of writing would you write?) Out of Bound (What should you only put in..

theromantic. some famous writers or artists leave behind beautifully written letters that still move us.wordpress. because I always feel so overwhelmingly in your debt. The closer the receiver is to the writer. What it has been to me to live all these years in your heart and companionship no phrases can convey. the more intimate or colloquial the language. INFORMAL LETTER WRITING An informal letter is the one of the most used type of writing in the world because it communicates _____________________. amid the storms and stresses of so many eventful and to millions tragic and terrible years? Your loving husband (Winston Churchill) Discussion Use CAPTOR and analyse how the author of the above letter has planned it.com B. Why is this informal letter found in this particular situation? January 23. if there can be accounts in love..englishcafe. viewed on 3 rd June 2009 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . 1 5 http://www. Example 1 Take a look at this one1.. but is it not joyous to see how great and growing is the treasure we have gathered together.com/LoveLetters/churchill.EL 105 Situational Writing www. In the literary world. I cannot tell you what pleasure this gave me. In your letter from Madras you wrote some words very dear to me.htm . 1935 My darling Clemmie.. Time passes swiftly. about my having enriched your life.

Let me know as soon as. 9.. polite phrases 21..EL 105 Situational Writing www.com/library/lessons/blwrite_informalletter.phrasal verbs 2. 5. 3.. Love... contracted verb forms like we've.. I'd better get going.. Unfortunately. Thanks for your letter. 5. Your letter should be between 200 – 300 words. That reminds me.about. I will not be able to attend the. Why don't we.. 1. I am very grateful for. 2 6 http://esl. 2.. Why don't we. Tell him / her about what you have been doing and ask them how they are and what they have been up to recently. 12. etc... 2.. Write a letter to a friend you know has been having some problems. short sentences 11. We had a little bit of luck.. 3.. I use my pencil sharper for. 20.. 9... 17. 14.. 18. 15.htm ...englishcafe.... I'm really sorry I. idioms and slang 6.. 7. 19. I'm.. we will have to postpone. 8. 1 .. fewer passive verb forms Mix and Match 1-9 with A-J. I look forward to hearing from you. 6.. Please let me know.wordpress.. Could you do something for me? Write soon.. 1. Yours faithfully. Ask him / her how she / he is doing and if you can help.. 4. 10. Write a letter to a friend you haven't seen or spoken to in a long time. 16. viewed on 3 rd June 2009 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . Our computers are used for a variety.. 4. 13. I'm really sorry. A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) I) J) to finish the letter to apologize to thank the person for writing to begin the letter to change the subject to ask a favor before signing the letter to suggest or invite to ask for a reply to ask for a response Exercise 2 Choose one of the two subjects and write a letter to a friend or family member... You'll be happy to know that... 7. Best wishes... Dear Tom.com Exercise 1 Informal Letters Language2 Which phrase or type of language would you find in a formal letter? Which phrase or type of language would you find in an informal letter? Put the letter 'F' next to those phrases or language types that are used in formal letters and 'I' next to those used in informal letters. 1. 8... Give my regards to. Dear Ms Smithers.

After CAPTOR. who lives in the United States. he would like to spend some time with you. Point (E. like scenes from popular horror shows. so being in the haunted mansion will thrill me Creative Idea The haunted mansion is known for its creative visual and sound effects. thanking him for his kind offer. Use the table below to help. Set your letter out correctly. Your letter should be between 250 – 350 words. has offered to pay for your December holiday in USA. The question is similar to 2004 Nov O level English Paper 1. and use an affectionate tone which will show him how much you appreciate his offer and his interest. accurate English. After comparing the various packages offered by the tour agencies. At the same time. You can create fictitious aliases and add creative ideas even if you've never been there.wordpress. 7 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 .EL 105 Situational Writing www. You should use ALL the points in the package you choose.englishcafe. Remember your grandfather wants you to enjoy yourself and is concerned for your happiness. in clear. he identified two reasonably-priced packages with fun-filled activities : Ripley’s Mysterious Journey (a 20-minute ride from grandfather’s house) largest haunted mansion in USA thrilling roller coaster rides “A Night on Elm Street” Horror Tour 190m high bungee jump Frankenstein's Cafe Various sidewalk cafes that offer international cuisine Costner’s Waterworld (a 2-hour ride from grandfather’s house) High-speed flume ride for the adventurous 635m long artificial rapid river – longest in USA artificial wave pool for tsunami effect world's bubbliest jacuzzi skyrider for a spectacular aerial view famous fast food restaurants such as Carl’s Junior and Macdonald’s Write a letter to your grandfather. organise the content of your letter before you begin. Tell him which attraction you have chosen and explain in details your reasons for doing so. Ripley's) largest haunted mansion in USA Reason I enjoy horror films.g. Your grandfather.com Exercise 3 This is a typical situational writing question asking for an informal letter. Read it and answer the questions.

Till then. http://www.sk. #11-23 Alexandra Road Singapore 570223 5th May 2009 Dear Grandpa. I think Frankenstein's Cafe actually serves the same thing so let's try that out instead and their famed Scientist Juice. Besides. (338 words) Love. I am really touched and I promise to make full use of it so that your money will not be wasted. No use writing a similar project that others have already come up with – thank God you've offered Ripley's! I really can’t wait for December to come and I would like to thank you again for this kind offer. I do hope that both of you are in the best of health and have been getting on fine.de/anglistik/subjects/praxis/wri/models/informal. Speaking of food.wordpress. a two hour ride means I have less time for you two. This and the creepy but thrilling roller coaster rides would help me glean some great ideas for my proposal.uni-koblenz.friendship-by-mail. I'm an active member of my school’s Creative Innovation Club and am interested to write a proposal on how to make Singapore a more exciting city in a national youth project.gov. To update you. 8 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 .com Model Answer for the Informal Letter : Block 33. http://www. http://www. I imagine Singapore's young and old would love the adrenaline rush.) In addition.com/encnet/features/columns/?article=marthafamouslettersinhistory You may also google “informal letters” to find sites that are helpful. especially in 'The Saw'.EL 105 Situational Writing www. Grandpa and Grandma. Your Little Monster Don Other useful links : 1.com/famous-letter-writers. It has been some time since I have last seen you and grandma. “Wild Wild Wet” in Singapore. God bless.ca/branches/elearning/tsl/resources/subject_area/ELA/ELARR/Special_Forms_of_Wri ting.html 2. Carl’s Junior and Macdonald’s are also common here so I'll give Waterworld a miss. made up pulp bits that look like brain! Ripley's definitely sounds more interesting than Costner’s Waterworld because it is similar to the theme park.sasked. (I've already bought a comfortable exercise top that would best fit the bungee jump experience.shtml 3. http://encarta.englishcafe.msn. which completely spooked me. therefore the bungee jump and horror tour may be the first two stops in the Tour that I try.html 4. I am dying to taste the international culinary experience especially the famous Mexican and Greek chowder in the Ripley street cafes. Your sweet offer for my USA trip means that I get to choose Ripley's! The largest haunted mansion in United States has amazing sound effects that I saw in popular horror movies.

Yours. Abraham Lincoln. Example 1 Here is an example of a formal letter. the same day Mrs.gif Formal letter writing is situated about a _____________ to or from a person who you are not familiar with.com/articles/magazine/ah/2006/1/2006_1_41. Bixby received it. and the solemn pride that must be yours. Lincoln Discussion Use CAPTOR and analyse how the writer has planned the formal letter above. Along with the Gettysburg Address and Second Inaugural. But I cannot refrain from tendering to you the consolation that may be found in the thanks of the Republic they died to save. very sincerely and respectfully. to have laid so costly a sacrifice upon the altar of Freedom. I feel how weak and fruitless must be any words of mine which should attempt to beguile you from the grief of a loss so overwhelming.wordpress. viewed on 3 rd June 2009 4 an officer who acts as military assistant to a more senior officer 9 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . written very long ago. 3The Bixby letter is famous for its perfect use of the English language. This is compounded by the fact that the relationship between the two are _________________ . Read it and compare against the informal letter writing that you have learnt. The Bixby Letter3 by one the most famous US Presidents. Dear Madam. and leave you only the cherished memory of the loved and lost.—I have been shown in the files of the War Department a statement of the Adjutant4 General of Massachusetts. or ________________. FORMAL LETTER http://monsterguide. 1864.com C. http://www.net/files/2009/03/business-letter-details. it is one of Lincoln’s most revered literary legacies.americanheritage.englishcafe. or concerns _________________ . A.EL 105 Situational Writing www.shtml . that you are the mother of five sons who have died gloriously on the field of battle. I pray that our Heavenly Father may assuage the anguish of your bereavement. The letter was published in the Boston Transcript on November 25.

8. 5. 6. 8. Close Friends Finance Director Principal Someone that you have never met before Entire student body / cohort Friend whom you have not met for 10 years Grandparents Boss Mother / Father Newspaper Editor Manager of a shampoo company CEO What do I want to say? 1. 4. 10 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . 6. Complain about the bad service you have received Thank you letter To praise someone for what he has done To request for the use of a function room in a condominium To confirm all flight arrangement with the travel agency To make a police report Letter of application Letter of invitation to your new house To give a farewell speech To make suggestions Exercise 2 Present an Open House programme to the class. 9. Have each preson from each group contribute an item to put on the table. 7. The programme must take place in the school ground at a suitable time. 5. 11. 10. 7. 6. 3.englishcafe. 4. This item can be anything. You can be as imaginative as you like but the programme should last at least 2 hours for rhe potential students and their parents. 9. 10. Use the materials on the table to brainstorm on a publicity programme for a school Open House.wordpress. who are you writing to? 1. 3. 2. 4.EL 105 Situational Writing www. 9. 2. 2. 5.com Exercise 1 Highlight or underline the correct answers to the questions below. 8. 7. Complain about the bad service you have received Thank you letter To praise someone for what he has done To request for the use of a function room in a condominium To confirm all flight arrangement with the travel agency To give feedback to the Police Force Letter of application Letter of Invitation to your new house To report an accident as a witness To give instructions What is the purpose of my letter? 1. For a formal letter. 12. 3. 10.

englishcafe.” Write a letter for the principal. Mr Kenny. written in a respectful tone. Interviews with teachers and past students will pique newcomers' interest and help them know what we have built. It would be expensive though. We will turn the lecture studio into a funky place with interesting posters. Unfortunately. The committee meeting produced four ideas: Chee Keong’s idea: “We could design posters and produce booklets of pictures and information. and give out creative souvenirs to help them remember their time here. You have been asked to choose the best idea and report its details to Principal. A 2 hour forum with the teachers and present students fielding questions will definitely be helpful. so that they could see what the school has to offer. You will need to email your work to your English teacher.com Exercise 3 Some Open House suggestions have been added by other students. Your letter will be between 250-350 words. Read it and answer the questions. We would be able to answer their questions too. that the primary school students could take home with home to show their parents. It would disrupt the work of the whole school on that day though. Your letter should be between 250 – 350 words. You are the Chairperson of a committee of students which has been asked to suggest ways of giving information about your school to primary school students and their parents. Memory Lane Video We will use old footage or photographs of the school to show its development and progress. Potential students will enjoy the way we interact and the day will as a small party to remember the day. we would not meet the students themselves.EL 105 Situational Writing www. The principal of your school wants to help the primary school students who will be joining your secondary school to settle down quickly and happily.” “Sushila’s idea: “A group of us should go to the primary school one afternoon and talk to the students there about our school.” Ahmad’s idea: “Some of our students could produce a short video that could be shown to the primary school students and their parents.” Lila’s idea: “We should hold an Open House here. when we could show the primary school students and their parents round the school and explain what we do here. Forum with Creative Handouts Parents and potential students will surely need to ask questions. The question is the 2006 Nov O level English Paper 1. Include in your letter your suggestions on how the project can be organised. You will write a letter to the principal. and many parents would be unable to attend in the daytime. we and the children would miss our normal lessons for that afternoon.wordpress. Of course. The change from primary to secondary school is a big step in a student’s life. on the best suggestion for the Open House. Exercise 4 This is a typical situational writing question asking for a formal letter. School Open House Party We should invite guests to a party where we can mingle and chat as guides. in several languages. giving the reasons for your choice. Explain in detail why you think this will be the most successful way to help the primary school students to settle happily in your school. 11 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 .

com/ http://www. and more affordable on the school budget. 3. science students will display their latest household “green” gadgets from the recent National Environmental Day.com Example of a Model Answer for the Formal Letter : Block 33.letterwritingguide. dance and music teams. we can line up a string of activities to pique the interests of both parents and potential students. The guests would surely be impressed by their coordination and the room's crystal clear sound system! Lastly. I hope you will seriously consider the above suggestions. Of all the ideas produced during the committee meeting.EL 105 Situational Writing www. Our student committee look forward to your reply. (344 words) Yours Sincerely. In the laboratory. Open House Thank you for the opportunity to suggest ways to promote our school. Award winning Class 3B should showcase their “Wonder Mop” that can clean every corner in the house and “Robot Helper” that can obey simple commands. Lastly. Ra Too Chairperson of Students’ Committee Useful Links : 1. touching on the importance of inculcating the right values and beliefs in youths. Thank you. 2.englishcafe. we could invite the school band to display their technical abilities in our new music room. We propose having the Open House on a Saturday so that normal lessons are not disrupted.com/betterwriting/letterwriting/?view=uk 12 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . The attendance will be higher because most parents are available and not working. It will definitely be an eye-opener! Towards the end of the maze. We believe that the Open House will make more of an impact than simply leaflets. Here is our suggested programme. may I suggest that you kick-start the Open House by ringing the school bell? Parents and potentials students will then flock to the orientation maze lined with brightly-coloured booths attentively done by CCA members of our excellent sports. a short video or a presentation in other schools. We are appreciative that the students’ view matters to the school. our prefects cum tour guides will lead the guests to our newly-renovated sports hall and air-conditioned classrooms. With this problem out of our way. At 9am sharp.askoxford. you may like to deliver a 20-minute speech.wordpress. #11-23 Alexandra Road Singapore 570223 5th May 2009 Mr Eric Tan The Principal City College 2985 Jalan Bukit Merah Singapore 289556 Dear Mr Tan.info/?page_id=30 http://www. http://writeandlearn. cooking. in a final bid to secure as many potential registration as possible. I feel that Lili’s suggestion to host an Open House is most feasible.

touch and can be verified as real and concrete goes into a report. recommendation reports.g.g.k12.EL 105 Situational Writing www.ccs. REPORT http://www. auditor's reports. inspection reports. 13 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . A report is not interested in your own moral judgment nor a perceived imagery e. A report is usually done for purposes of documentation and accountability. “The snow melted into a river of wispy water”. workplace reports. “The car veered swiftly into the left” because “swiftly” describes accurately the speed. http://en. white papers. etc. Everything that you ______. annual reports.jpg A report is concerned with ______________ . bound reports. Types of reports include: scientific reports. policy reports.us/Home%20page/Report_Card/report%20card. Most reports are found in the newspapers of events that have occurred or events that need to be related to government or official bodies. A simple “the snow melted on the ground” is sufficient. trip reports. military reports. Another purpose is to discuss and analyse ideas and thoughts on any problems or improvements to be made and to inform the audience.org/wiki/Report Discussion Use CAPTOR and analyse what is required of a report. credit reports. progress reports.com D. appraisal reports. census reports.. budget reports. hear. ________ .wordpress. smell.ashes.nc.englishcafe.. demographic reports. Your writing should reflect a crisp objectivity that is factual e.wikipedia. investigative reports.

It regards South Street. The Traffic Police Department you are in specialises in upholding road safety. propose to the Land Transport Authority alternative viaducts for cars 14 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . especially the school children. Explain in detail how these problems are hazardous to the residents. addressing each of the concerns highlighted by the mother. You should use ALL the points. Point Heavy traffic Reason Many cars on the road to the offices nearby. This paper is similar to 2008 & 2006 O level English Paper 1.EL 105 Situational Writing www. Use the table below to help.com Exercise 1 Each group will send 2 representatives to look into a box of 20 items for 1 minute.englishcafe. After CAPTOR. You have been asked to conduct an investigation. The Superintendent wants you to look into a complaint case made by a mother of two children who go to St Mary's School. The group will then send a 3rd representative to present the findings. Bonus points will be given for interesting descriptions of items. jam the road near the junction where children cross to get to school Creative Idea Have officers in the morning to watch out for school crossings . They will have 3 minutes to jot down the twenty items. What constitutes interesting details to elaborate? Exercise 2 Watch a short clip from the youtube video and describe what just happened. You are the police inspector of that precinct. What constitute important details for a report? Exercise 3 This is a typical situational writing question asking for a report. Your report should be between 250 – 350 words. a dangerous stretch of road near where she lives. Below are the points highlighted by the mother: heavy traffic during morning peak hours which coincide with the school children's arrival time drivers exceed stipulated speed limit narrow pavement for pedestrians poor visibility round the bend Write a report for your Superintendent. The teacher will get three people to present what they have seen. You have 3 minutes to write down as many points as possible. making observations about the road condition in that area. Include in your report your suggestions on how to improve the traffic condition and improve safety. Read it and answer the questions.wordpress. organise the content of your letter before you begin.

We suggest constructing two humps to slow down cars. Solutions to improve road safety are underway with more officers on standby and a proposal to Land Transport Authority (LTA) for a new viaduct. An order has been issued for two officers to aid traffic during peak hours. Drivers would benefit from a road mirror to see ahead. and change the traffic light timing. The feedback to the department is the lack of protection along the pedestrian sidewalk and the junction. Hidden cameras need to be installed to catch errant drivers. Traffic is most dense between 7am to 8am when a high number of school children is crossing the road. The speed limit along the South Street is a maximum of 30 kilometres per hour but the majority of drivers flout this rule openly at about 60 kilometres per hour in both directions. Poor visibility is evident around the bend just before the junction.com Model Answer for the Report : To: The Superintendent From: Lee Yew Tuck Date: 5th May 2009 South Street Traffic Condition The recent investigation by the department has concluded that South Street is a danger zone to school children at St Mary's especially in the morning peak hours.englishcafe. a girl was almost knocked down by a car but pulled to safety by one of our officers. A new viaduct along the road will be a viable alternative for the traffic jam. the implementation should be completed within a year while our additional officers will offer extra security around the school zone immediately. Pavements which are too narrow need to be widened for the safety of pedestrians. As school kids’ safety is always paramount. The changes proposed above will improve the traffic and safety conditions of South Street in phases. Within the last seven days. We have booked a number of drivers during the investigation. Railings can be erected along the pavements to enhance protection. (312 words) 15 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 .EL 105 Situational Writing www.wordpress. we should have a zebra crossing near the main gate of St Mary’s. To improve the situation.

We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro's basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one.net/dream. we are not satisfied. go back to South Carolina.wordpress.com/speechGraphic.englishcafe. so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow.twainquotes. Martin Luther King Jr in “I have a dream”? Their great speeches endure to this day to motivate listeners to act or follow ideals. We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. no. viewed on 3 rd June 2009 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead. We can never be satisfied. Famous speeches in history rank as some of the most inspiring quotes of all times. I say to you today. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights. cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. No.gif Speech is a tool used to _______________ audiences. speeches retain their niche even online – just see the significance of watching the election speeches by Obama on youtube. Although technology is widely used and is most effective to send out (email) messages to the masses. my friends.com/videoplay?docid=1732754907698549493 . heavy with the fatigue of travel. go back to Louisiana. We cannot turn back.usconstitution. and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream. We can never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their selfhood and robbed of their dignity by signs stating "For Whites Only". viewed on 3 rd June 2009. I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations. as long as our bodies. Remember Churchill in WWII. go back to Alabama. SPEECH http://www.google. I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal. Let us not wallow in the valley of despair. go back to Georgia." 5 16 http://www. Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. See the speech in real time at http://video. knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed. I still have a dream. Example 1 Let's have a look at Martin Luther King Jr's “I Have A Dream”5 As we walk. Some of you have come from areas where your quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. Go back to Mississippi. go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities. "When will you be satisfied?" We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality.com E. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. Continue to work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive.html .EL 105 Situational Writing www.

Far more than good looks and charm. Discussion : What was helpful in deciding the vote? What is important in a speech? Who was most persuasive? Who had logical content? Model Answer for the Speech : Personal Finance Management Course Fellow classmates.EL 105 Situational Writing www. With regards to your choices for the December vacation courses. and not waste away our vacation time learning nothing of great value to our emergence as adults. On top of learning how to manage our finances. A Business Course A two-day workshop. Exercise 1 The teacher will pick 2 pairs to present each of the topic below. (257 words) Jonathan Soh. Students will also get a hands on project to develop a group business idea. it also enables us to upgrade ourselves as we learn to penetrate markets. Therefore. and have a feel of of the fields we will be approaching. As the upcoming batch of people to join the working sector. the business course will provide learning for basic money management. the activity that will benefit the class best during the holidays. the first aid course will teach students how to give aid in life threatening situations. It is clearly more practical to understand the business world. I find it most vital to equip ourselves with a certain level of management skills in our finances to ensure that we do not end up having to slog in our later years because we did not plan our finances well. interesting. Thank you. 2007 17 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . I am sure that most of us would acquire a certain level of organisiation skills that have proven to be valuable assets in life. make deals. The class has to decide. Such a course would also give us a headstart in our finances by guiding us to build our wealth much earlier before most others. I would strongly recommend that you join the Personal Finance Management Course. These pairs play the role of a student committee who will persuade the class for an activity during the holidays. and to a certain extent.com Discussion Use CAPTOR and analyse what is required of a speech. Somehow. The students will also go through a life simulation of a dangerous situation and provide first aid on the spot for practice. which most of us would be entering. and even become “little bosses”. The class may also choose two more people to be part of the ground to speak up during the dialogue session.englishcafe. at the end of 10 -15 minutes. I sincerely invite all who find sense in my words to make the right choice. business ideas and a look into how systems are run in the world today that affects everyday trade. A First Aid Course Held overnight at a retreat.wordpress. they do not produce an essential skill as compared with financial management when we enter the working sector. and provide tips on how to treat ailments and wounds. While the other courses may seem extremely meaningful.

http://www. with the following points in mind : Who the person is What his/her achievements are What topic he/she will be talking about Why he/she has the credentials for the talking You are to address the speech to a school of students. and perserverance. I'm very pleased to introduce a very special guest. You should read the information carefully and plan your answer before beginning to write. Learning to help others in times of need will help us see life outside of our comfort zone and teach us important lessons. You may begin as follows : Ladies and gentlemen.englishcafe.famousquotes.write-out-loud. Tuition for Underprivileged Children Can we use our skills and learning to help underprivileged children in Singapore? Children in disadvantaged backgrounds often need help in their academia but do not have the money for tuition.. The subject will be chosen by you and your classmates. This paper is similar to the 2005 O level English Paper 1. Useful Links 1.html 18 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . http://www.com Exercise 2 This is a typical situational writing question asking for a speech. We will have a good memory of this challenge long after we leave the school. The principal of your school has agreed to hold a week’s course in the December vacation for senior students like yourself.me. Exercise 3 : Introducing A Guest Speaker You are advised to write between 250 and 300 words for this section.com/howtowritespeech. You and your classmates now have to decide on a course for your class. Read it and answer the questions. You will be given instructions on a useful course that is not already covered in the school curriculum. Try to persuade them to support you and convince them that your choice is the course that should be provided. and you have been asked to give a speech introducing the guest speaker. so be sure not to be overly formal. We can offer our time and help develop their knowledge. we can donate the prize money to the school or a charity. Write the speech. If we win. Write a speech in which you explain to your classmates which of the three courses you prefer and your reasons for your choice.EL 105 Situational Writing www. Doing a marathon as a class can build team work. Who knows? We may even forge a lasting friendship.wordpress. Singapore teenagers lead a sheltered and affluent life. A Marathon Challenge Why don't we take the chance to keep fit? We know the importance of staying healthy.. based in the following suggestions received: A Humanitarian Programme I’d like to suggest that we join a Humanitarian Programme in a neighbouring country.uk/speeches/ 2. Your school has invited someone to speak during a school event to award outstanding student leaders.

in addition. as well as. Transitions indicate relations. in particular. viewed on 2 nd June 2009 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . So. 7 Addition: also. Exemplifying: Therefore.. viewed on 2 nd June 2009 http://www. Furthermore. namely. Transitional Words 6 Using transitional words and phrases helps papers read more smoothly. In addition. for one thing. Thus chiefly.Third. for the most part. To indicate more information: Besides. Particularly.html . So that. In contrast. as a result. For instance. in this Although. hence. Indeed. generally. for instance.com F. A coherent paper allows the reader to flow from the first supporting point to the last. again. furthermore. However. subsequently.com/homework/ttransition. Due to.. whether within a sentence. In fact. for instance. or paper.englishcafe. coupled with.. Because. To indicate a purpose or reason why: such as For fear that. particularly. In particular. illustrated with. generally speaking. including. moreover. Writing Skills for Situational Writing: 1. specifically. likewise. etc. To illustrate reason. paragraph. Hence. accordingly.htm . In the hope that. for this Specifically. consequently. followed by words and phrases that can connect them. Varied Sentences We want to vary our sentences in order to:     Re-express ideas differently Emphasise certain ideas Make our writing interesting Make appropriate tones for our situations You can use : • • • active versus passive voice conjunctions different types of punctuations 3. In order to..net/wrtstr6. as usual. Topic Sentences The topic sentences are the __________ ideas for each paragraph. Second. They provide logical organization and understandability and improve the connections and transitions between thoughts. thus. In comparison. Since as a rule.EL 105 Situational Writing www. For the Generalizing: reason that. Finally. This list illustrates "relationships" between ideas.studygs. ordinarily. case 6 7 19 http://www. as an example. For. So. therefore. for this purpose.. especially. markedly. thereupon. usually To indicate a result or an effect: Accordingly. To demonstrate. similarly To indicate an example: Consequence: For example. as an To compare or contrast: illustration. With this in mind Illustration: for example. besides. Because of. They help the reader to identify what is going on. 2. Consequently. otherwise. so then. wherefore To indicate a cause or reason: As.wordpress.infoplease. Moreover.

with this in Emphasis mind above all. chiefly. correspondingly. for now. Initially. that is to Briefly. especially. together with one time period to another: After. Hence.wordpress. Nevertheless. Thus. Whereas. namely. yet. coupled with. Later. works late nights − mixed with bad company 20 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . Meanwhile. later. Soon. earlier. the meantime. During. incidentally Sequence: at first. singularly Exercise 4 You are a lawyer who recently took up a case. excepting. Currently. Second. Given these facts. beyond. however. while. next. there. conversely. likewise. that is. exclusive of. pro bono to defend a 15-year old boy. on one hand. To put it briefly. on the other hand. first of all. above. nevertheless. outside of. but. under. you need to defend the child and plead for leniency. On the other hand. in short. in other words. then. similar. Finally. to put it differently To sum up. over there. Overall. in time. rather. meanwhile. simultaneously. Similarly. Previously. for the time being. excluding. besides. other than. save Simultaneously. Exception: First. moreover. Yet Similarity: comparatively. Lastly. Use at least 10 transition words to make a cogent argument.com Likewise. step. a first-time offender. To conclude contrary. afterward. at Direction: the same time. similarly. in brief. to begin with. Below is some background information about the child offender. in turn. in the distance soon. say. Before.. in contrast Diversion: by the way. Formerly. The case: − sold contraband cigarettes − single-parent family − mother is the sole breadwinner. in the first place. Next. by the same token. In brief. opposite. In conclusion.EL 105 Situational Writing www. So. Write your closing statement in about 120 words.. in conclusion. Immediately. aside from.englishcafe. Eventually. to the left. To summarize Contrast and Comparison: To conclude: contrast. nearly. to the right. likewise. with attention to. particularly. instead. In your closing statement. later on. Subsequently Restatement: To summarize: in essence. on the Therefore.. barring. Summing up. the next here. still. To indicate a particular time frame or a shift from identically. except.

Create an information brochure between 250 -350 words to introduce first time visitors to Singapore.wordpress. Siloso Beach. BROCHURE Singapore is famed for being a tourist attraction. Shangri La offers one of the best rooms at affordable rates for families or couples. Wildlife like the rare water dragonfly and Southeast monitor lizard are exclusively found in sunny Singapore. You are to include at least 1 natural and 1 man made site in your information brochure. Sentosa Island and MacRitchie Forest Trails treat visitors to the best of both nature and man made environments in the heart of South East Asia. catering to every fitness level. Look closely at the wide tipped ferns or tropical flowers not found anywhere else in the world. Fitness lovers are spoilt for choice too.statravel. reclaimed using sand bought from Indonesia and Malaysia. Attractions in Singapore8 Singapore has many attractions that attract tourists from around the globe. You will surely not regret your short stay in the sunny island! (334 words) 8http://www. children can swim in the baby pool while adults may prefer sea sports. water parks and shows provide all you could want from a tropical island. and explain why they should not miss it. and Tanjong Beach. MacRitchie Forest Trails If you’re into nature then the MacRitchie Forest Trails will be sure to tickle your fancy. Boardwalks skirt the edge of the scenic MacRitchie Reservoir and throughout the forest ranging in distances from 3 km to 11 km. These fantastic beaches plus beach bars.com G.EL 105 Situational Writing www.englishcafe. viewed on 2 21 nd June 2009. With a private pool next to the lapping waves. Do spend a night at Sentosa at any of the top class hotels near the beach. Sentosa Island Sentosa has three famous beaches : Palawan Beach. and a restful stop away from the busy city. or greet friendly joggers who pass your way as you sweat it out on the perimeters of the reservoir.com. Interpretative signboards along the boardwalks allow for a self-guided tour along the fringes of the MacRitchie forest. Try the shoulder bars that tone your muscles next to a breathing jungle with the most magical cicada notes in the evening. Whip out your camera for a shot with occasional monkeys that roam the paths. These beaches are artificial. Edited by Clara Yeo and Dawn Fung Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 .

Report : Write a report to your english teacher of about 250 – 350 words on an incident in class.EL 105 Situational Writing www. Gracious means courteous and appreciative. Informal Letter : Write to a letter to a teacher (of your choice) in school. Singapore 159457.com H. Speech : Present a cause of your choice on paper between 250 – 350 words. You should film yourself speaking it a rather persuasive manner. 22 Created by Dawn Fung for City College | Revised 03/04/10 . Within 250 – 350 words. (This could be rather comical in nature but do keep the logic and seriousness going. 2985 Jalan Bukit Merah. write about how the lesson impacted you and taught you something valuable. and what the alumni would find different or nostalgic if they visited. Information Brochure : City College would like to send out a brochure to its alumni.englishcafe. City College. Mail the letter to : [your teacher].) 4. or the way students behave when the teacher is not around. Narrative : Reflect on a lesson that a teacher taught in class – this can be any teacher on any subject. on how Singapore can be a more gracious society. Send a copy of the film (10 minutes maximum) and the hand written speech to your English teacher. 5. The letter should be 250350 words. Create a brochure of 250 – 300 words that talk about the school in your final year here. 6. Notify your English teacher after you have mailed the letter. 2. 3. The finished piece should be emailed to both that teacher and your English teacher. CHALLENGING QUESTIONS FOR ADVANCED WRITERS 1. and the content should include a memorable weekend and a lesson you learnt from him/her because of it. Formal Letter : Write to the Straits Times a short letter of 250-350 words.wordpress.

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